Convention on Biological Diversity Neg brief

Link to intrinsic value and Evolution Kritiks (BB 234) Preamble to Convention on Biological diversity “The Contraction Parties, Conscious of the intrinsic value of biological diversity and of the ecological, genetic, social, economic, scientific, educational, cultural, recreational, and aesthetic values of biological diversity and its components, Conscious also of the importance of biological diversity for evolution and for maintaining life sustaining systems in the biosphere,” [After several more beliefs of the signers, and the signatures, it goes on to say] “[The signers] Have agreed as follows:” [Then comes the text of the convention] Link to reduced use of GMOs Jonathan Adler, (Former director of environmental studies at the Competitive Enterprise institute, Professor of law at Case Western Reserve University School of Law specializing in environmental law) ‘The Cartagena Protocol and Biological Diversity: Biosafe or Bio-Sorry?’ Published in ‘GEORGETOWN INTERNATIONAL ENVIRONMENTAL LAW REVIEW’ 2000 Accessed online at http://www.cbd.int/doc/articles/2002-/a-00189.pdf The sad irony of the Biosafety Protocol* is that it may well retard, rather than advance, the protection of biodiversity. Under the guise of adopting “precautionary” measures to protect the environment, the Protocol could restrict one of the most important tools for biodiversity conservation—agricultural biotechnology. Negotiators gave hypothetical risks posed by genetically engineered crops and foodstuffs greater consideration than the demonstrated need to improve agricultural productivity and reduce modern agriculture’s stress on the natural environment. Government representatives of developing countries claimed that concern for environmental protection justified restrictions on the transboundary movement of genetically engineered crops, but “paid little attention to the rural devastation currently caused by expanding acreage under low-yielding, pest vulnerable [non-genetically engineered] crops.” Even if one’s sole focus is environmental protection, it is quite possible that the Biosafety Protocol could do more harm than good.

*‘Cartagena Protocol on Biosafety’ is part of ‘Convention on Biological Diversity’ Introduction to ‘Cartagena Protocol On Biosafety To The Convention On Biological Diversity: Text And Annexes’ At its second meeting, held in November 1995, the Conference of the Parties to the Convention [on Biological Diversity] established an Open-ended Ad Hoc Working Group on Biosafety to develop a draft protocol on biosafety, focusing specifically on transboundary movement of any living modified organism resulting from modern biotechnology that may have adverse effect on the conservation and sustainable use of biological diversity. After several years of negotiations, the Protocol, known as the Cartagena Protocol on Biosafety to the Convention on Biological Diversity, was finalized and adopted in Montreal on 29 January 2000 at an extraordinary meeting of the Conference of the Parties. Systems exist in the SQ to protect Biodiversity National Park Service and The Nature Conservancy help to protect biodiversity on the Tallgrass
Prairie National Reserve

Tallgrass Prairie National Reserve’s website: Management: Our Partners http://www.nps.gov/tapr/parkmgmt/partners.htm The Nature Conservancy is a private nonprofit organization dedicated to preserving the plants, animals, and natural communities that represent the diversity of life on Earth by protecting the lands and waters they need to survive. The Conservancy and its million members have been responsible for the protection of 15 million acres of ecologically significant land in the United States and an additional 117 million acres worldwide. The
majority of Tallgrass Prairie National Preserve is owned by The Nature Conservancy and managed by the National Park Service.

Goal of Tallgrass Prairie National Reserve: Annual Performance Report, FY 2009 By September 30, 2009, 25 (6%) of 400 acres of Tallgrass Prairie National Preserve's lands disturbed by prior human development or agricultural use and targeted by September 30, 2003 for restoration are restored. By September 30, 2009, 120 acres (30% of 400 acres) of Tallgrass Prairie National Preserve lands impacted by invasive (nonnative) plants are effectively controlled. By September 30, 2009, 1 (100% of 1) of Tallgrass Prairie National Preserve's current status federally listed threatened or endangered species is moved from "unknown" status to making progress towards recovery.

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