physics question SPM

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physics question SPM

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1.

Pressure, p = hg

2.

Pressure, P=

F

A

1. What is the pressure exerted by the sea on a submarine that has been submerged to a depth

of 50 m below sea level?

(Density of sea water = 1150 kg m-3, gravitational strength = 10 N kg-1.)

A.

B.

C.

D.

5.50 x 104 pa

5.75 x 104 pa

5.75 x 105 pa

5.65 x 105 pa

A.

B.

C.

D.

3.

Force is applied to an enclosed fluid, the pressure will be transmitted equally in all

direction

Pressure is applied to an enclosed fluid, the force will be transmitted equally in all

direction.

Pressure is applied to an enclosed fluid, the pressure will be transmitted directly

proportional to an area

Force is applied to an enclosed fluid, the pressure will be transmitted inversely

proportional to an area

A.

B.

C.

D.

Filter pump

Car brake system

Racing car

The horizontal distance of the spurts for both liquids is the same.

Diagram 1

Which of the following is the correct comparison between the density of liquid R

and liquid S?

A.

B.

Density of liquid R > density of liquid S

0

C.

Density of liquid R < density of liquid S

5. A balloon is situated at 15 m below sea level, what is the total pressure experience by the

balloon? [The density of sea water is 1100 kg m-3].

A.

B.

6.

165,000 pa

155,000 pa

C.

D.

245,000 pa

265,000 pa

The atmospheric pressure in Diagram 2 is 76 cm Hg. What is the pressure of the trapped air

P?

Diagram 2

A.

B.

7.

56 cmHg

35 cmHg

C.

D.

45 cmHg

66 cmHg

A. Carburetor

B.

Siphon Tube

C.

Fortins Barometer

D. Hydrometer

Diagram 1.1

Water held in a high reservoir is fed along pipes to houses at lower levels

(a)

_________________________________________________________________________

_________________________________________________________________________

[1 mark]

(b) (i)

Calculate the pressure of the water at the point A if the height of the building is 100 m.

[2 marks]

(ii) The occupants at higher floors of a building always complain about low water

pressure.

Give a reason for the low water pressure.

____________________________________________________________________

____________________________________________________________________

[1 mark]

(c)

Diagram 1.2 shows the pressure of water is transmitted equally in all direction.

Diagram 1.2

Name the physics principle in the above observation.

_________________________________________________________________________

[1 mark]

9. Diagram 9 shows a model of a hydraulic device used for lifting heavy loads. The small piston,

X has a cross-sectional area of 0.028 m2 while the large piston, Y has a cross-sectional area of

0.185 m2. A force of 20 N is exerted on X.

Diagram 9

[2 marks]

b) What is the pressure exerted on the liquid by piston X?

[2 marks]

c)

[1 mark]

3

[1 mark]

KERTAS 3

1.

Diagram 2.1 shows the arrangement of apparatus for an experiment carried out by a student to

investigate the relationship between the depth of sinking, h, of a wooden block and the mass, m,

of slotted weights placed on the wooden block.

Diagram 2.1

The results of the experiment are shown in the graph of h against m in Diagram 2.2.

(a)

(i)

(ii)

_________________________________________________________________

[1 mark]

Determine the value of h when m = 0.20 kg.

Show on the graph how you determine the value of h.

h = ___________________________ m

[2 marks]

Show on the graph how you calculate k.

k= ______________________________mkg-1

[3 marks]

4

(b)

k

1

A

Where k is the gradient of the graph and A is the cross sectional area of the wooden block.

Given that the cross sectional area of the wooden block, A = 4.0 10-3 m2, calculate the

value of .

= ___________________________

[3 marks]

(c)

The relationship between the buoyant force, F, and the density of the liquid, , is given by F

= gV

where V is the volume of liquid displaced.

Using the answer in 2(b), calculate the buoyant force, F, when the volume of liquid

displaced,

V = 5.0 10-4 m3.

[g = 10 Nkg-1]

F = _________________________ N

[2 marks]

(d)

State one precaution that can be taken to improve the accuracy of the results of the

experiment.

__________________________________________________________________________

__________________________________________________________________

[1 mark]

Graph of h against m

Diagram 2.2

(a)

(b)

F

20 N

A 0.025 m 2

1

1

P = 800 Nm-2

(c)

800 Nm-2

(d)

Or leakage of liquid out of the system

10

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