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GENERAL

AIRPLANE
OPERATIONS
MANUAL

SECTION 1-00
GENERAL INFORMATION
AND DEFINITION OF TERMS
TABLE OF CONTENTS
Page Block
General Information ................................................................... 1-00-00
Definition of Terms..................................................................... 1-00-10
Units Conversion........................................................................ 1-00-20
EICAS Versions ......................................................................... 1-00-30
Service Bulletin Table ................................................................ 1-00-35

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GENERAL

AIRPLANE
OPERATIONS
MANUAL

GENERAL INFORMATION
This Airplane Operations Manual provides useful information to
complement the Airplane Flight Manual, Weight and Balance Manual
and the Master Minimum Equipment List. It must be used in
conjunction with those publications to safe and efficiently operate all
the EMB-135 and EMB-145 models.
Any difference found between the data in the Airplane Operations
Manual and the approved Manuals is due to airplane modifications and
scheduling of amendments to publications. In the event of such a
difference, the data in the approved manuals must prevail.
The Airplane Operations Manual philosophy and structure are
described on the next pages.
In the EMBRAER Operational Manuals, the Brazilian Civil Aviation
authority is identified as both ANAC and CTA. Therefore, whenever
you find either, it corresponds to Brazilian certification. This is because
since March 26, 2006, the Brazilian Civil Aviation authority was
replaced by Civil Aviation National Agency (ANAC) instead of CTA.
Similarly, the European Aviation Safety Agency (EASA) co-exists with
JAA. So, from now on, you may find JAA/EASA or just JAA, with both
corresponding to European certification.

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REVISION 32

GENERAL

AIRPLANE
OPERATIONS
MANUAL

OPERATIONAL REQUIREMENTS AND THE AIRPLANE


OPERATIONS MANUAL
The existence of fleets composed of airplanes or other kind of aircraft
made by different manufacturers, led the Airworthiness Authorities to
require operators' certification, in addition to the airplane's certification.
The idea is to standardize manuals, training and operation, so as to
make it easier for a pilot to change equipment. For instance, if a pilot
used to fly an EMB-120 is scheduled to fly an EMB-145, the training
syllabus from the EMB-145 has to be very similar to the ones for the
EMB-120; the operator normal, abnormal and emergency procedures
must be quite similar when different from AFM, as well as the manuals
for both airplanes. By doing so, the operator will assure that human
factors/ errors are minimized.
Some operational requirements just define the main subjects that must
be presented in an Airplane Operations Manual matter. However, even
detailing the Airplane Operations Manual at that level, all the
requirements let the operators free to use different Airplane Operations
Manual structures, depending on the manuals. that have been already
issued. Therefore, EMBRAER has developed this Airplane Operations
Manual trying to cover, in the best possible way, the most currently
used requirements. By doing so, it is possible for an operator to use
the EMBRAER Airplane Operations Manual, by just adding some
missing information that is specific to that operator.
Following is a suggested Airplane Operations Manual structure to
comply with most of the Operation Requirements:
PART A
Presents operators administrative information, such as who are the
president , vice-president, the managers, who is the chief pilot for the
EMB-145, who is the responsible for revising manuals, where the
offices and bases are located, etc...
PART B
Presents airplane related information, like procedures, performance,
dispatch procedures, Weight and Balance, bulletins and systems
description.

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GENERAL

AIRPLANE
OPERATIONS
MANUAL

PART C
Presents the operators airport and route information (performance and
navigation).
PART D
Presents training information.

EMBRAER AIRPLANE OPERATIONS MANUAL


This EMBRAER Airplane Operations Manual covers only Part B. Parts
A and D should be generated by the operator only. Part C can be
generated by the operator with the help of EMBRAER operations
software (runway analysis, driftdown , and route analysis).

AIRPLANE OPERATIONS MANUAL STRUCTURE


The EMBRAER Airplane Operations Manual is organized in two
volumes, with the following contents:
Volume 1:
1-00 General Information and Definition of Terms
1-01 Limitations
1-02 Normal Procedures
1-03 Emergency and Abnormal Procedures
1-04 Performance
1-05 Flight Planning
1-06 Weight and Balance
1-07 Loading
1-08 Configuration Deviation List
1-09 Dispatch Deviations Procedures Manual
1-10 Emergency Information
1-11 Emergency Evacuation
1-12 Ground Servicing

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REVISION 27

GENERAL

AIRPLANE
OPERATIONS
MANUAL
Volume 2:

2-1 Airplane Description


2-2 Equipment and Furnishings
2-3 Emergency Equipment
2-4 Crew Awareness
2-5 Electrical
2-6 Lighting
2-7 Fire Protection
2-8 Fuel
2-9 Auxiliary Power Unit
2-10 Powerplant
2-11 Hydraulic
2-12 Landing Gear and Brakes
2-13 Flight Controls
2-14 Pneumatics, Air Conditioning and Pressurization
2-15 Ice and Rain Protection
2-16 Oxygen
2-17 Flight Instruments
2-18 Navigation and Communication
2-19 Autopilot
Each of the above sections may be divided into smaller parts, called
blocks. Such blocks are identified by the number of the section
followed by a two-digit number.
For example:
Section 1-04 can be divided as follows:
1-04-00 Introduction
1-04-05 Wind and altitude
1-04-10 Thrust Setting
1-04-15 Takeoff
1-04-20 Supplementary Takeoff
1-04-25 Approach
1-04-30 Landing

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GENERAL

AIRPLANE
OPERATIONS
MANUAL

The page numbering of each part is independent from the remaining


parts. Each page number is presented just to the right of the block
number.
As a complement, a code number is provided, to help identifying to
which configuration each block is applicable. Some codes may be
applicable to more than one configuration, whilst more than one code
may be specific to one configuration.
As an example, there could be:
Block

Codes

Number of pages

Numbering

1-04-00

01

1 to 2

1-04-05

01

1 to 6

01

20

1 to 20

02

20

1 to 20

03

20

1 to 20

01

1 to 6

02

1 to 6

03

10

1 to 10

04

1 to 4

01

24

1 to 24

02

24

1 to 24

05

20

1 to 20

01

1 to 4

03

1 to 4

04

1 to 4

07

1 to 4

01

1 to 6

02

1 to 4

03

1 to 6

04

1 to 4

1-04-10

1-04-15

1-04-20

1-04-25

1-04-30

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REVISION 13

GENERAL

AIRPLANE
OPERATIONS
MANUAL

REVISIONS
EMBRAER may revise this manual periodically as required to update
information or to provide information not available at the time of
printing the original issue. Revised data may result from EMBRAER
approved airplane modifications or from improved techniques gained
through operational experience. They are either replacements or
additional pages. A vertical line in the outside margin indicates
changes to the text.
A vertical line adjacent to the page number indicates relocated or
rearranged text or illustrations.
The basic issuance date of this Manual is presented in the title page.
The revisions affecting this Manual to be issued from the basic
issuance date onwards, will be numbered sequentially (Rev. 1, 2, 3
etc.), even for such pages bearing those earlier revision-denoting
symbols.

LIST OF EFFECTIVE PAGES


A list of Effective Pages for all Sections is located at the beginning of
this Manual. This list presents the issuance date of each page and it is
revised together with the Manual. Its purpose is to check if all the
revised pages of a revision have been correctly sent to the purchaser.

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GENERAL

AIRPLANE
OPERATIONS
MANUAL

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REVISION 13

GENERAL

AIRPLANE
OPERATIONS
MANUAL

DEFINITION OF TERMS
The following definitions apply to the terms below:
WARNING: OPERATING PROCEDURES, TECHNIQUES AND
OTHER RELATED INFORMATION WHICH MAY
RESULT IN PERSONAL INJURY OR LOSS OF LIFE,
IF NOT CAREFULLY FOLLOWED.
CAUTION:

OPERATING PROCEDURES, TECHNIQUES AND


OTHER RELATED INFORMATION WHICH MAY
RESULT IN DAMAGE OR DESTRUCTION OF
EQUIPMENT, IF NOT CAREFULLY FOLLOWED.

NOTE: Operating procedures, techniques and other related


information which are considered essential to emphasize.

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GENERAL

AIRPLANE
OPERATIONS
MANUAL

ABBREVIATIONS AND ACRONYMS


ABBREVIATIONS
OR ACRONYMS

MEANING

Degree Celsius

Degree Fahrenheit

ft

Feet

Gravity Acceleration

Hour

Hz

Hertz

in.Hg

Inches of Mercury

kg

Kilogram

km

Kilometer

kph

Kilograms per Hour

kt

Knot

lb

Pounds

Meter

mb

Milibar

min

Minute

mm

Millimeter

mph

Miles per Hour

nm

Nautical Mile

psi

Pound per Square Inch

sec

Second
A

Ampere

A/C

Aircraft

AC

Alternating Current

ACM

Air Cycle Machine


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REVISION 29

GENERAL

AIRPLANE
OPERATIONS
MANUAL
ABBREVIATIONS
OR ACRONYMS

MEANING

ACOC

Air Cooled Oil Cooler

ACT

Actuation, Active

ADC

Air Data Computer

ADF

Automatic Direction Finder

ADJ

Adjustment

ADV

Advance

AFM

Airplane Flight Manual

AFS

Autoflight System

AGL

Above Ground Level

AHC

Attitude and Heading Computer

AHRS

Attitude and Heading Reference System

AIL

Aileron

ALC

APU Line Contactor

ALT

Altitude

ALTN

Alternate

AM

Amplitude Modulation

ANAC

Agncia Nacional de Aviao Civil (Brazilian


Civil Aviation Authority)

ANR

Automatic Navigation Realignment

ANT

Antenna

AOA

Angle of Attack

AP

Autopilot

API

Antenna Position Indicator

APR

Automatic Power Reserve

APU

Auxiliary Power Unit

ASC

APU Starting Contactor

ATC

Air Traffic Control

ATDT, ATTD

Attendant

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GENERAL

AIRPLANE
OPERATIONS
MANUAL

ABBREVIATIONS
OR ACRONYMS

MEANING

ATS

Air Turbine Starter

ATT

Attitude

ATTCS

Automatic Takeoff Thrust Control System

AUTO

Automatic

AUX

Auxiliary

AVAIL

Available

AWU

Aural Warning Unit


B

B/C

Back Course

BACV

Bleed Air Check Valve

BAGG

Baggage

BATT

Battery

BBC

Backup Battery Contactor

BC

Battery Contactor

BCU

Brake Control Unit

BCV

Brake Control Valve

BFO

Beat Frequency Oscillator

BIT

Built In Test

BKUP INPH

Back-Up Interphone

BLD

Bleed

BTC

Bus Tie Contactor

BTL

Bottle
C

CAB EMERG

Cabin Emergency

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1-00-10

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REVISION 13

GENERAL

AIRPLANE
OPERATIONS
MANUAL
ABBREVIATIONS
OR ACRONYMS

MEANING

CAS

Calibrated Airspeed, Crew Alerting System

CBV

Cross Bleed Valve

CCDL

Cross-Channel Data Link

CDH

Clearance Delivery Head

CDL

Configuration Deviation List

CCW

Counterclockwise

CG

Center of Gravity

CIS

Cabin Interphone System

CL

Climb

CLB

Climb

CLR

Clear

CLSD

Closed

CMC

Central Maintenance Computer

COMM, COM

Communication

CON

Continuous

CPAM

Cabin Pressure Acquisition Module

CPCS

Cabin Pressure Control System

CR

Cruise

CRZ

Cruise

CVG

Compressor Variable Geometry

CVR

Cockpit Voice Recorder

CW

Clockwise
D

DAP

Digital Audio Panel

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GENERAL

AIRPLANE
OPERATIONS
MANUAL

ABBREVIATIONS
OR ACRONYMS

MEANING

DAU

Data Acquisition Unit

DC

Direct Current, Digital Controller

DEC

Decrease

DET

Detector

DFDR

Digital Flight Data Recorder

DG

Directional Gyro

DH

Decision Height

DISC

Disconnect

DME

Distance Measurement Equipment

DMU

Data Management Unit

DN

Down
E

EADI

Electronic Attitude Director Indicator

EBC

Essential Bus Contactor

EBV

Engine Bleed Valve

ECM

Electronic Control Module

ECS

Environmental Control System

ECU

Environmental Control Unit

EDL

Electrical Distribution Logic

EDS

Electrical Distribution System

EFIS

Electronic Flight Instrument System

EGPWS

Enhanced Ground Position Warning System

EGT

Exhaust Gas Temperature

EHSI

Electronic Horizontal Situation Indicator

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1-00-10

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REVISION 32

GENERAL

AIRPLANE
OPERATIONS
MANUAL
ABBREVIATIONS
OR ACRONYMS

MEANING

EIC

Essential Interconnection Contactor

EICAS

Engine Indication and Crew Alerting System

ELEC

Electrical

ELEV

Elevator

ELT

Emergency Locator Transmitter

EMG, EMERG

Emergency

EMER PILOT

Emergency Pilot

ENG

Engine

ERR

Error

ESU

Electronic Sequence Unit

ET

Elapsed Time

EXT

External

EXTG

Extinguish
F

FADEC

Full Authority Digital Electronic Control

FCOC

Fuel Cooled Oil Cooler

FDAU

Flight Data Acquisition Unit

FDRS

Flight Data Recorder System

FECU

Flap Electronic Control Unit

FLC

Flight Level Change Mode

FLX

Flexible

FMS

Flight Management System

FPDU

Flap Power and Drive Unit

FPLN

Flight Plan

FPMU

Fuel Pump and Metering Unit

FQIS

Fuel Quantity Indicating System

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REVISION 32

1-00-10

Code

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GENERAL

AIRPLANE
OPERATIONS
MANUAL

ABBREVIATIONS
OR ACRONYMS

MEANING

FR

Fuel Remaining

FSBY

Forced Standby

FTB

Flap Transmission Brake

FU

Fuel Used

FVS

Flap Velocity Sensor

FWD

Forward
G

G/S, GS

Glide Slope

GCU

Generator Control Unit

GI

Ground Idle

GLC

Generator Line Contactor

GMAP

Ground Mapping

GMT

Greenwich Mean Time

GND

Ground

GPC

Ground Power Contactor

GPS

Global Positioning System

GPU

Ground Power Unit

GPWS

Ground Proximity Warning System


H

HDG

Heading

HF

High Frequency

HP

High Pressure

hPa

HectoPascal

HSCU

Horizontal Stabilizer Control Unit

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1-00-10

Code

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REVISION 32

GENERAL

AIRPLANE
OPERATIONS
MANUAL
ABBREVIATIONS
OR ACRONYMS

MEANING

HSI

Horizontal Situation Indicator

HSV

High Stage Valve

HYDR

Hydraulic
I

IAC

Integrated Avionics Computer

IAS

Indicated Airspeed

IC

Integrated Computer

ICAO

International Civil Aviation Organization

ICU

Integrated Communication Unit


Interphone Control Unit

IFR

Instrument Flight Rules

IFOG

Interferometer Fiber Optic Gyros

ILS

Instrument Landing System

IM

Integrated Computer Configuration Module

INBD

Inboard

INC

Increase

INOP

Inoperative

INTPH

Interphone

INU

Integrated Navigation Unit

IPS

Inches Per Second

IRS

Inertial Reference System

IRU

Inertial Reference Unit

ISA

International Standard Atmosphere

ISIS

Integrated Standby Instrument System

ITT

Interturbine Temperature
K

KCAS

Calibrated Airspeed in Knots

KEAS

Equivalent Airspeed in Knots

kHz

Kilohertz
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REVISION 32

1-00-10

Code

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GENERAL

AIRPLANE
OPERATIONS
MANUAL

ABBREVIATIONS
OR ACRONYMS

MEANING
K

KIAS

Indicated Airspeed in Knots


L

LAV

Lavatory

LEI

Local Engine Inoperative

LGEU

Landing Gear Electronic Unit

LH

Left-hand

LOC

Localizer

LOGO

Logotype

LP

Low Pressure

LRN

Long Range

LSB

Lower Sideband

LSS

Lightning Sensor System

LX

Lightning Detection
M

Mach

MAC

Mean Aerodynamic Chord

MAN

Manual

MAX

Maximum

MB

Marker Beacon

MEA

Minimum Enroute Altitude

MFD

Multifunction Display

MFDU

Magnetic Flux Detector Unit

MHz

Megahertz

MIN

Minimum

MKR

Marker

MLS

Microwave Landing System

Page

1-00-10

Code

10 01

REVISION 32

GENERAL

AIRPLANE
OPERATIONS
MANUAL
ABBREVIATIONS
OR ACRONYMS

MEANING

MLW

Maximum Design Landing Weight

MMEL

Master Minimum Equipment List

MMO

Maximum Operating Mach

MOW

Maximum Design Operating Weight

MRW

Maximum Design Ramp Weight

MSU

Mode Select Unit

MTOW

Maximum Design Takeoff Weight

MZFW

Maximum Design Zero Fuel Weight


N

N1

Fan Speed

N2

High-Pressure-Rotor Shaft Speed

NAV

Navigation

NB

Narrow Bandwidth

NDB

Non-directional Beacon
O

OM

Operations Manual

OUTBD

Outboard

OVHT

Overheating

OVLD

Overload

OVPRESS

Overpressure

OXY

Oxygen
P

PAA

Passenger Address Amplifier

PAS

Passenger Address System

PAST

Pilot Activated Self Test

PAX

Passenger

PBE

Protective Breathing Equipment


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REVISION 32

1-00-10

Code

11 01

GENERAL

AIRPLANE
OPERATIONS
MANUAL

ABBREVIATIONS
OR ACRONYMS

MEANING

PCU

Power Control Unit

PDSV

Pressure Drop Spill Valve

PFD

Primary Flight Display

PMA

Permanent Magnet Alternator

POST

Power On Self Test

PRCS

Process

PRESS

Pressure

PRV

Pressurizing Valve

PSU

Passenger Service Unit

PTT

Press To Transmit
Q

QFE

Question Field Elevation - Field Elevation


Pressure (Q-code)

QNE

Question Normal Elevation - Standard


Pressure (1013 hPa/29.92 in.Hg) (Q-code)

QNH

Question Normal
Pressure (Q-code)

QTY

Quantity

Height

Sea

Level

R
RA

Radio Altimeter

RTA

Receiver/Transmitter/Antenna

REACT

Rain Echo
Technique

REF

Reference

REI

Remote Engine Inoperative

RH

Right-hand

RMI

Radio Magnetic Indicator

RMS

Radio Management System

Page

1-00-10

Attenuation

Compensation

Code

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REVISION 32

GENERAL

AIRPLANE
OPERATIONS
MANUAL
ABBREVIATIONS
OR ACRONYMS

MEANING

RMU

Radio Management Unit

RNG

Range

RPM

Revolution Per Minute

RSB

Radio System Bus


S

SAT

Static Air Temperature

SBC

Shed Bus Contactor

SCV

Starting Control Valve

SELCAL

Selective Call

SL

Sea Level

SLVD

Slaved

SOV

Shutoff Valve

SPC

Stall Protection Computer

SPS

Stall Protection System

SQ

Squelch

STAB

Stabilizer

STBY

Stand By

SRN

Short Range

SSB

Single Sideband
T

TA

Traffic Advisory

TAS

True Airspeed

TAT

Total Air Temperature

TCAS

Traffic and Collision Avoidance System

TDR

Transponder

TACAN

Tactical Air Navigation Aid

TEMP

Temperature
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REVISION 32

1-00-10

Code

13 01

GENERAL

AIRPLANE
OPERATIONS
MANUAL

ABBREVIATIONS
OR ACRONYMS

MEANING

TGT

Target

TKNB

Turn Knob

TLA

Thrust Lever Angle

TO

Takeoff

TRB

Turbulence

TST

Test

TWA

Time Weighted Average


V

Volt

V1

Decision Speed

V2

Takeoff Safety Speed

VA

Volt-Ampere

VAPP

VOR Approach Mode

VA

Design Maneuvering Speed

VEF

Critical Engine Failure Speed

VFE

Maximum Flaps Extended Speed

VFR

Visual Flight Rules

VHF

Very High Frequency

VLE

Maximum Landing Gear Extended Speed

VLF

Very Low Frequency

VLO

Maximum Landing Gear Operating Speed

VLOF

Lift Off Speed

VLV

Valve

VMC

Visual Minimum Condition

VMCA

Air Minimum Control Speed

VMCG

Ground Minimum Control Speed

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1-00-10

Code

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REVISION 33

GENERAL

AIRPLANE
OPERATIONS
MANUAL
ABBREVIATIONS
OR ACCRONYMS

MEANING

VMO

Maximum Operating Speed

VOR

VHF Omnidirectional Range

VR

Rotation Speed

VREF

Landing Reference Speed

VREFXX

Landing Reference Speed associated to the


flap setting XX

VS

Stall Speed

VS

Vertical Speed
W

W/S

Windshield

WB

Weight and Balance

WB

Wide Bandwidth

WG

Wing

WX

Weather Detection
X

Cross

XFR

Transfer

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SEPTEMBER 20, 1999

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GENERAL

AIRPLANE
OPERATIONS
MANUAL

THIS PAGE IS LEFT BLANK INTENTIONALLY

Page

1-00-10

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SEPTEMBER 20, 1999

GENERAL

AIRPLANE
OPERATIONS
MANUAL

SYMBOLS AND NOTATIONS


SYMBOL

MEANING

SHUTOFF VALVE, PRIORITY VALVE


OR
CHECK VALVE

RESTRICTOR

RELIEF VALVE

OPTIONAL EQUIPMENT

SYSTEM MODULE

COMMUNICATION LINE

ELECTRIC PUMP

MECHANIC PUMP

ACCUMULATOR
ELECTRIC CONTACTOR (OPEN
POSITION)

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REVISION 27

1-00-10

Code

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GENERAL

AIRPLANE
OPERATIONS
MANUAL

SYMBOL

MEANING
SWITCH

NACA AIR INLET

Page

1-00-10

Code

18 01

REVISION 13

GENERAL

AIRPLANE
OPERATIONS
MANUAL

UNITS CONVERSION
TO CONVERT
Degree
(C)

INTO

Celsius Degree Fahrenheit


(F)

Degree Fahrenheit Degree


(F)
(C)

Celsius

MULTIPLY BY AND ADD


1.8000

+32

0.5556

-17.7778

Feet (ft)

Meter (m)

0.3048

Inches (In)

Millimeter (mm)

25.4000

Inches of Mercury Millibar (mb)


(in.Hg)

33.8636

Kilogram (kg)

2.2046

Kilogram force per Pound per Square


Square
meter Inch (psi)
2
(kgf/m )

0.0014

Kilometer (km)

0.5396

Kilometer per hour Knot (kt)


(km/h)

0.5396

Knot (kt)

Kilometer per hour


(km/h)

1.8532

Pounds (lb)

Kilogram (kg)

0.4536

Meter (m)

Feet (ft)

3.2808

Millibar (mb)

Inches of Mercury
(in.Hg)

0.0295

Millimeter (mm)

Inches (In)

0.0394

Nautical Mile (nm)

Kilometer (km)

1.8532

703.0740

Pounds (lb)

Nautical Mile (nm)

Pound per Square Kilogram force per


Inch (psi)
Square
meter
2
(kgf/m )

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AIRPLANE
OPERATIONS
MANUAL

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REVISION 13

GENERAL

AIRPLANE
OPERATIONS
MANUAL

EICAS VERSIONS
VERSIONS 14A AND 15A
Fix the Pitch Trim Runaway Monitoring logic (airplanes equipped
with EICAS 14 or 15 are not allowed to use the Autopilot below
1500 ft).
VERSION 14
CAT II capability.
VERSION 15
Oil pressure green indication increased to 95 psi and red above it
(on EICAS 14 it was green up to 90 psi and amber above it).
Higher brake temperature limits for LR brakes.
ICE/SPS ADVANCED renamed SPS/ICE SPEEDS.
Flaps 18 capability.
Autopilot wing rocking improvements.
VERSION 15B
Fixes the nuisance Check PFD message.
VERSION 16
ENG1 (2) REV DISAGREE message logic improved in order to
avoid spurious alarms.
RUD HDOV PROT FAIL message logic improved in order to avoid
spurious alarms.
Enhanced engine Time Limited Dispatch (TLD) incorporated:
E1 (2) CTL A (B) DEGRAD removed;
E1 (2) CTL A (B) FAIL revised (indicates loss of CVG/MMV
control);
E1 (2) NO DISP incorporated;
E1 (2) SHORT DISP incorporated.

Page

MARCH 30, 2001

1-00-30

Code

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GENERAL

AIRPLANE
OPERATIONS
MANUAL

Improvements in other engine messages not TLD related:


E1 (2) LOW N1 revised (available only for takeoff below V1-15);
ENG1 (2) OUT incorporated;
ENG 1-2 OUT incorporated;
ENG1 (2) TLA FAIL revised;
FADEC ID NO DISP incorporated;
CHECK xxx PERF incorporated;
E1 (2) ADC DATA FAIL removed.
New FD control laws with different gain programming for FD modes
in order to improve the Flight Director capture speed.
Incorporation of the VERTICAL and LATERAL MODE OFF
messages.
IC CONFIG FAIL cyan message (dispatchable) created to indicate
a IM-600 failure and use by the IC-600 of the lastest IM-600 valid
data.
CONFIG MISMATCH cyan message (no takeoff) created to
indicate that there is a discrepancy in the configuration module (IM600) of each IC-600. The configuration module stores several
aircraft configuration parameters.
VERSION 16.5
Anti-Icing system improvements (new messages and logic):
A/I LOW CAPACITY incorporated;
WG1 (2) A/ICE FAIL and WG ASYMETRY removed;
WG A/ICE FAIL incorporated;
ENG A/ICE OVERPRES incorporated;
E1 (2) A/ICE FAIL renamed ENG1 (2) A/ICE FAIL.
TAT 1-2 HEAT INOP logic changed to improve TAT and SAT
indications and to increase the probes life.
Brake messages logic changed to avoid failure messages due to
power drop during APU start on ground.
A1P and A1/3 thrust labels renamed from ALT T/O and T/O, to T/O
and T/O RSV respectivelly.
ATTCS NO MRGN improvements for the A3 engine.
Support to the 8.33 kHz tune function in the FMZ 2000 FMS.
APU FUEL LO PRESS logic changed to avoid spurious messages
during APU pressure transients .
Support to Inertial System (IRS) as an AHRS replacement.
Improvement in the Cabin Pressure Control System (CPCS)
indication in order to avoid unnecessary amber indication on the
EICAS.
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Code

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SEPTEMBER 29, 2000

GENERAL

AIRPLANE
OPERATIONS
MANUAL

Correction of autopilot disconnection logic discrepancy when a


windshear condition is detected (removes the AFM limitation
regarding use of autopilot coupled to FD#2 below 1500 ft).
Flight Director Altitude Pre-selection Mode Capture logic improved.
LNAV Flight Director logic changed when PFD FMS NAV source is
changed from FMS 1 to 2 or vice-versa, in order to drop the LNAV
FD mode. This change makes the FMS lateral navigation modes
consistent with the VOR & LOC FD modes.
Correction of nuisance LATERAL/VERTICAL MODE OFF
messages when both FD are deselected by the pilots.
Correction of nuisance LATERAL MODE OFF message when the
pilot actuates the Turn Knob with a lateral mode (HDG, NAV, APR)
active.
CHK IC CONFIG amber message (no takeoff) created to replace
the CONFIG MISMATCH message in case of discrepancy between
the following information stored in the IM-600: 135 or 145, Engine
Type, Long Range Fuel Tank or English/Metric Units. CONFIG
MISMATCH is still active in case of discrepancy of the other
parameters that do not trigger the CHK IC CONFIG message.
Oil pressure green indication increased to 115 psi in takeoff mode.
VERSION 17
Provides interface with the Head-Up Guidance System to allow
CAT IIIa operation.
Inclusion of FDR additional parameters according to FAR 121.344.
Autopilot improvement in the FD VOR mode capture and tracking
for VOR stations without an associated DME.
Provides crosscheck of the CAT 2 annunciators in both PFD,
avoiding a green CAT 2 indication on one side and an amber CAT 2
indication on the opposite side.
Automatic Radio Altimeter reversion in the case of one RA inop on
aircraft equipped with two RAs.
Adjustments to the Fuel Quantity indication on the MFD, adjusting
scale according to the airplane version.
Inclusion of several messages related to IRS system.
ATTCS NO MRGN message logic improvements.
Electrical system display improvements : valid GPU 0V voltage and
valid Generator 0A amperage.
Oil Pressure limits presented in both amber and red bands above
the green one.

Page

MARCH 30, 2001

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Code

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GENERAL

AIRPLANE
OPERATIONS
MANUAL

OIL PRESSURE INDICATION

(1) For any takeoff thrust mode selected and TLA higher than 65 or
with thrust levers set to firewall (go-around), the upper limit of
the green band is 115 psi. In all other thrust ratings it is 95 psi.
(2) For EICAS version 17 with FADEC B 5.1.1 the amber band
upper limit is 155 psi.
(3) For N2 < 88% the amber band between 34 psi and 50 psi does
not exist, and the green band lower limit is 34 psi.
(4) For EICAS 14, a placard is installed in the cockpit allowing the
operation in the amber band, between 91 and 115 psi, during
the takeoff and go-around phases, time limited to 5 minutes.

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DECEMBER 20, 2002

GENERAL

AIRPLANE
OPERATIONS
MANUAL
VERSION 18 AND 18.5

Pitch Trim System:


New caution messages PTRIM CPT SW FAIL, PTRIM F/O SW
FAIL and PTRIM BKP SW FAIL;
PTRIM 1(2) INOP renamed to PTRIM MAIN INOP and PTRIM
BACKUP INOP.
Autopilot system improvements:
Improved localizer capture performance using AP/FD, especially
when under crosswind conditions;
Roll Command inbound during LOC capture;
New Roll Rate limit (7.5 degrees/sec) and Bank Angle limit (30.0
degrees) for ILS Approach mode and LNAV mode in Terminal
and Approach phases;
Cancellation of APR light on Flight Guidance Controller (GC550)
when glide slope mode is cancelled;
Inhibition of VERTICAL MODE OFF message if the FD mode is
cancelled by changing the preselected altitude;
Inhibition of VERTICAL MODE OFF and/or LATERAL MODE
OFF messages if a lateral and/or a vertical FD mode is
cancelled by transferring the FD control to the cross-side;
Improvements in the Autopilot system to prevent the AP from
disconnecting when the speed brake is deployed while operating
in Touch Control Steering (TCS) mode;
Inhibition of LATERAL MODE OFF message when the
navigation source is changed from one FMS to the cross-side
FMS when LNAV mode is armed.
HGS:
Modification on the expanded localizer scale/display on the PFD
to help pilot in Cat IIIa operations;
Information to HGS that TOGA button was pressed;
Change of HGS FAIL from ADVISORY to AMBER (caution) to
comply with AC 120-28D requirements.
AHRS:
New advisory messages AHRS 1-2 NO PPOS, AHRS 1-2 NO
MAG HDG.

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REVISION 24

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Code

5 01

GENERAL

AIRPLANE
OPERATIONS
MANUAL

VERSION 19
The EICAS 19 features implemented in the software are described
below:
Air conditioning system
The Bleed Temperature Pointers were modified to remain amber at
all the times that the messages BLD 1(2) LOW TEMP are
displayed.
Brake System
New digital brake temperature indication on MFD (if IM-600 Digital
BRK TEMP parameter is enabled).
EICAS Internal Logic
New message DAU AC ID MISCMP.
Electrical System
GPU Voltage Indication modified in order to avoid dashes when the
indication should be 0 V.
Flap System
Flap 22 indication in red on EICAS display and NO TAKEOFF
CONFIG message when the aircraft is not certified to take off with
flaps 22.
Fuel System
New Message FUEL EQ XFEED OPN to inform that the imbalance
was correct and the crossfeed valve is still open.
Fuel Test Page units label modified in order to show the correct
English/Metric configuration.
General Changes
Synchronization of the Speed Target Bug with the previous selected
Speed Target instead of synchronizing with the current aircrafts
speed shown on the Speed Tape when VS Vertical Flight Director
Mode is de-selected.
Windshear indication on PFD always in red when RA test button is
pressed.
Due to mandatory installation of IM-600 on this EICAS version and
on, the CAT II Operation is available and indicated.

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REVISION 28

GENERAL

AIRPLANE
OPERATIONS
MANUAL

Anti Ice System


PITOT 1-2-3 INOP messages modified in order to avoid spurious
occurrences during APU starting.
Powerplant System
ENG NO TO DATA message modified in order to avoid an unlikely
scenario of a takeoff performed with only one engine running.
New messages :
CHECK A1E PERF (only applicable to EMB-145 XR model),
E1-2 FPMU NO DISP (only applicable to EMB-145 XR
model),
E1-2 EXCEEDANCE.
A1E thrust rating modes included on EICAS/RMU/MFD.
New upper range limit for fuel flow indication due to A1E engine.
ITT and N2 Dynamic Redlines.
Oil Pressure Indication modified in order to avoid spurious
indication of low oil pressure values.
ENG 1-2 REV DISAGREE message change in order to avoid a
failure without indication on EICAS.
Pressurization System
Changes to Cabin Altitude Rate.
New function HIGH ALT on MFD Bezel (only applicable to
EMB-145 XR model).
New message HI ALT LDG-T/O (only applicable to EMB-145 XR
model).
Changes to cabin altitude indication on EICAS display.

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REVISION 26

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Code

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GENERAL

AIRPLANE
OPERATIONS
MANUAL

VERSION 20.5
The EICAS 20.5 features implemented in the software are described
below:
Air conditioning system
"BLEED 1(2) VLV CLSD" message logic improved in order to avoid
spurious alarms.
Fuel System
"FUEL VENT OPEN" and "FUEL XFER INOP" messages logic
improved in order to avoid spurious alarms (only applicable to
EMB-145 XR model).
Powerplant System
"ENG1(2) REV DISAGREE" message logic improved in order to
avoid spurious alarms.
Pressurization System
"HI ALT LDG-T/O" message changed from caution to advisory
(only applicable to airplanes properly equipped for High
Altitude Operation).

Navigation System
The Radio Altimeter indication was modified in order to reduce the
discrepancy between the current altitude of the aircraft and the PFD
Radio Altitude indication.
Autopilot System
Pitch Wheel Command Integrator - Correction to avoid poor
Autopilot response when using the Pitch Wheel while coupled to the
copilots Flight Director, which may cause the Autopilot logic to
reset an integrator, resulting in sluggish Autopilot response.
Pitch Axes - Correction to avoid Autopilot nuisance disconnection
due to the Pitch Primary Monitor during the Coupled Autopilot GoAround test (only applicable to EMB-145 XR model).
General Changes
New AZ-950 MADC Maintenance Page on PFD.

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REVISION 30

AIRPLANE
OPERATIONS
MANUAL

GENERAL

VERSION 20.7
The EICAS 20.7 features implemented in the software are described
below:
Autopilot:
Autopilot disengagement without aural warning Correction: It was
verified that under certain circumstances the autopilot can
disengage without aural warning. It occurs when autopilot is
engaged and TCS button pressed. If any pitch trim switch is
commanded while the TCS is being released the autopilot
disengages with no aural warning. The same situation can occurs
when deploying/retracting speed brake simultaneously to TCS
releasing, due to the automatic pitch trim command during speed
brake actuation.
Symbol Generator Reversion Correction: It was verified an
abnormal behavior in the Automatic Flight Control System when a
Symbol Generator reversion occurs on the pilot side. In this case
the Autopilot reverts to basic mode and automatically couples to the
co-pilot Flight Director as expected. If a vertical mode is selected to
either climbing or descending following the Symbol Generator
reversion, the Autopilot will not hold the pre-selected altitude
although the Flight Director bars indicate level off and the PFD
shows the correct mode transition from the selected vertical mode
to ASEL mode and from ASEL mode to ALT HOLD mode.
CAT II operation at Providence Airport: Automatic Flight Control
System changes were required in order to allow CAT II operation at
Providence Airport, which has a RA Minimums of 80 ft. The current
RA Minimums interval does not include 80 ft. Therefore, the 80 ft
RA Minimums was included in the CAT II logic to allow proper
operation in this airport.
Roll Oscillation Solution at high altitudes: Yaw Damper control law
was modified in order to minimize the roll oscillation observed at
high altitudes when autopilot is engaged. This modification is
enabled only in the 135 family airplane (EMB-135ER, EMB-135LR
and EMB-135BJ) via IM-600 new parameter called RUDDER BIAS.

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REVISION 33

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AIRPLANE
OPERATIONS
MANUAL

GENERAL

HGS:
HGS compatibility issue: version 20.7 (Phase 10.7) shall correct the
compatibility issue between EICAS Version 20.5 (Phase 10.5) and
HGS equipped airplane. Therefore the RA value shall be displayed
again on the HGS combiner. There will be no modifications on the
HGS system.
Ice Protection:
ICE COND A/ICE INOP message logic change: in the current
logic, under ice condition on the ground, this message may
undesirably appear because the Anti-Ice protection cannot be
activated. The reason for this modification is to inhibit this message
only on the ground, when the airplane speed is below 25 kt.

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Code

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REVISION 33

GENERAL

AIRPLANE
OPERATIONS
MANUAL

SERVICE BULLETIN TABLE


SB

SUBJECT

SB 145-00-0025

Increases the MZFW of the EMB-135ER Model.

SB 145-00-0028

Increases the MTOW of the EMB-135ER Model.

SB 145-00-0031

Configures Airplane for Operations up to 8500 ft.

SB 145-21-0006

Replaces the Air Conditioning Digital Controller.

SB 145-21-0011

Improves the Air Conditioning in the Passenger


Cabin.

SB 145-22-0001

Configures Airplane for CAT II Operation.

SB 145-22-0004

Configures Airplane for CAT II Operation.

SB 145-23-0003

Introduces VHF Channel Spacing of 8.33 KHz.

SB 145-23-0028

Incorporates Aural Alert For CMU Message.

SB 145-25-0261

Baggage Compartment Liner Reinforcement.

SB 145-25-0287

Installs Cut Out Access To Unlock Jammed


Slide Door.

SB 145-25-0302

Improvements on the Lavatory Bifold Door.

SB 145-26-0004

Replacement of the Smoke Detector Sensor in


the Baggage Compartment for Class C.

SB 145-26-0007

Engine and APU Fire Extinguish Bottle


Monitoring Systems - Modification to Electrical
Circuitry.

SB 145-27-0100

HSCU Replacement.

SB 145-27-0101

Gust Lock electromechanical new logic.

SB 145-27-0115

Electromechanical Gust Lock Lever Redesign.

SB 145-28-0018

High Level
Installation.

SB 145-30-0019

Improves the Piccolo Burst Monitoring System.

Exceeding

Indication

System

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REVISION 31

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Code

1 01

GENERAL

AIRPLANE
OPERATIONS
MANUAL

SERVICE BULLETIN TABLE


SB

SUBJECT

SB 145-30-0021

Replaces the Anti-Icing System Valves.

SB 145-30-0028

Installs the New TAT Sensor Heater Electrical


Configuration.

SB 145-30-0033

Incorporate Changes
Heating System.

SB 145-31-0009

Incorporates EICAS 15A Version.

SB 145-31-0016

Incorporates EICAS 16.5 Version.

SB 145-31-0020

Incorporates EICAS 17 Version.

SB 145-31-0021

Includes a New Oil Pressure Sensor.

SB 145-31-0028

Replaces AWU.

SB 145-31-0038

Incorporates Modifications to Extend the Speed


Envelope of the EMB-145XR Model.

SB 145-31-0040

Configures the EMB-145XR Model for CAT II


Operation.

SB 145-31-0042

Incorporates EICAS 20.5 Version.

SB 145-32-0002

Changes the Travel Limits of the Nose Wheel


Steering System.

SB 145-32-0030

Replaces Brakes, Tires and Wheels for the LR


Version.

SB 145-32-0065

Incorporates the Use of Towbarless Tug.

SB 145-32-0086

Incorporates the Use of Towbarless Tug.

SB 145-32-0102

Incorporates the Use of Towbarless Tug.

SB 145-32-0104

Changes Nose Wheel Steering System logic.

SB 145-34-0046

Improves TCAS/AWU interface.

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The

Windshield

Code

2 01

REVISION 31

GENERAL

AIRPLANE
OPERATIONS
MANUAL

SERVICE BULLETIN TABLE


SB

SUBJECT

SB 145-34-0049

Changes the Integrated Standby Instrument


System (ISIS) into new P/N C16221GC03 Amendment A.

SB 145-34-0089

Incorporates modifications related to Mode S


Elementary Surveillance Transponders.

SB 145-34-0096

Incorporates modifications related to Mode S


Enhanced Surveillance Transponders.

SB 145-36-0028

Changes EBV S/O Valve by a Pressure


Regulator Valve.

SB 145-49-0010

Improves the Airborne Auxiliary Power (APU).

SB 145-49-0012

Changes Auxiliary Power Unit (APU) Electronic


Sequence Unit (ESU) feeder bus.

SB 145-49-0014

Replaces the APU Air Inlet Frame.

SB 145-52-0040

Lock Pin Installation.

SB 145-53-0064

Increases the MZFW of the EMB-145ER and EP


Models.

SB 145-53-0065

Reduces MTOW of the EMB-145LR Model.

SB 145-53-0066

Updates MTOW of the EMB-145LR Model.

SB 145-53-0068

Increases the maximum gross weights of the


EMB-145LR Model.

SB 145-71-0003

Implements the Protection Guard for the Engine


Start Switches.

SB 145-73-0010

Incorporates FADEC B5.1.1


AE3007A and A1/1 Engines.

Version

on

SB 145-73-0011

Incorporates FADEC
AE3007A1 Engines.

B5.1.1

Version

on

SB 145-73-0012

Incorporates FADEC
AE3007A1P Engines.

B5.1.1

Version

on

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REVISION 31

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Code

3 01

GENERAL

AIRPLANE
OPERATIONS
MANUAL

SERVICE BULLETIN TABLE


SB

SUBJECT

SB 145-73-0013

Incorporates FADEC
AE3007A1/3 Engines.

B5.1.1

Version

on

SB 145-73-0014

Incorporates FADEC
AE3007A3 Engines.

B5.1.1

Version

on

SB 145-73-0021

Incorporates FADEC B7.6 Version on AE3007A


and A1/1 Engines.

SB 145-73-0022

Incorporates FADEC B7.6 Version on AE3007A1


Engines.

SB 145-73-0023

Incorporates
FADEC
AE3007A1P Engines.

B7.6

Version

on

SB 145-73-0024

Incorporates
FADEC
AE3007A1/3 Engines.

B7.6

Version

on

SB 145-73-0025

Incorporates FADEC B7.6 Version on AE3007A3


Engines.

SB 145-73-0026

Incorporates
FADEC
AE3007A1E Engines.

B7.6

Version

on

SB 145-73-0027

Incorporates
FADEC
AE3007A1P Engines.

B8.0

Version

on

SB 145-73-0028

Incorporates
FADEC
AE3007A1E Engines.

B8.0

Version

on

SB 145-73-0029

Incorporates FADEC B8.0 Version on AE3007A1


Engines.

SB 145-73-0030

Incorporates
FADEC
AE3007A1/1 Engines.

B8.0

Version

on

SB 145-73-0031

Incorporates
FADEC
AE3007A1/3 Engines.

B8.0

Version

on

SB 145-77-0002

Includes Placard for 95 psi Oil Pressure Limit.

SB 145-77-0003

Includes Placard for 115 psi Oil Pressure Limit.

SB T-62T-49-152

Incorporates Modification to Permit APU Start


Above 25000 ft.

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Code

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REVISION 31