You are on page 1of 48

LOADING

AIRPLANE
OPERATIONS
MANUAL

SECTION 1-07
LOADING

Introduction ................................................................................ 1-07-00


External Dimensions .................................................................. 1-07-10
Cabin Cross Section .................................................................. 1-07-20
Interior Arrangement .................................................................. 1-07-30
Flight Crew Items (Deleted) ....................................................... 1-07-40
Carry-on baggage ...................................................................... 1-07-50
Baggage Door ............................................................................ 1-07-60
Baggage Compartment.............................................................. 1-07-70
Cargo Nets ................................................................................. 1-07-80
Live Animals Transportation ...................................................... 1-07-90

Page

MARCH 30, 2001

1-07-00

Code

1 01

LOADING

AIRPLANE
OPERATIONS
MANUAL

INTRODUCTION
This Section contains airplane dimensions, interior arrangement data
for loading purposes and loading capacity information in the passenger
cabin and baggage compartment.
Instructions for loading and unloading the airplane and live animals
transportation are also included in this Section.

Page

1-07-00

Code

2 01

MARCH 30, 2001

LOADING

AIRPLANE
OPERATIONS
MANUAL

EXTERNAL DIMENSIONS
EMB-135 THREE VIEW DRAWING

Page

REVISION 17

1-07-10

Code

1 30

LOADING

AIRPLANE
OPERATIONS
MANUAL

EMB-135 GROUND CLEARANCES

Vertical Clearance
Fuselage Angle
Main Door
Main Door Open (1st step)
Service Door
Main Landing Gear Door
Nacelle
Baggage Door
Tail Boom
Wing Tip
Tailskid Angular Clearance

Page

1-07-10

Maximum

Minimum

-1.80

-1.33

1.566 m
5 ft 1.7 in
0.374 m
1 ft 2.7 in
1.574 m
5 ft 2 in
0.281 m
11.1 in
2.445 m
8 ft
1.803 m
5 ft 11 in
6.837 m
22 ft 5.2 in
2.141 m
7 ft 2.4 in

1.489 m
4 ft 10.6 in
0.297 m
11.7 in
1.494 m
4 ft 11.7 in
0.181 m
7.1 in
2.317 m
7 ft 7.2 in
1.670 m
5 ft 5.7 in
6.659 m
21 ft 10.2 in
2.029 m
6 ft 7.8 in

16.16

14.88

Code

2 30

REVISION 26

LOADING

AIRPLANE
OPERATIONS
MANUAL

EMB-135 DOOR CLEARANCES

145APM020052

Page

MARCH 30, 2001

1-07-10

Code

3 30

LOADING

AIRPLANE
OPERATIONS
MANUAL

EMB-135 DOOR CLEARANCES

Page

1-07-10

Code

4 30

JUNE 28, 2002

LOADING

AIRPLANE
OPERATIONS
MANUAL

EXTERNAL DIMENSIONS
EMB-145 THREE VIEW DRAWING

Page

REVISION 23

1-07-10

Code

1 40

LOADING

AIRPLANE
OPERATIONS
MANUAL

EMB-145 GROUND CLEARANCES

Vertical Clearance

Maximum

Minimum

Fuselage Angle

1 21 24

0 52 00

1.598 m
5 ft 3 in
0.480 m
1 ft 7 in
1.595 m
5 ft 3 in
0.471 m
1 ft 6 in
2.425 m
7 ft 11 in
1.806 m
5 ft 11 in
6.810 m
22 ft 4 in
2.022 m
6 ft 8 in

1.481 m
4 ft 10 in
0.360 m
1 ft 2 in
1.408 m
4 ft 7 in
0.398 m
1 ft 3 in
2.315 m
7 ft 7 in
1.663 m
5 ft 5 in
6.619 m
21 ft 9 in
1.920 m
6 ft 4 in

12 41 00

11 43 59

Main Door
Main Door Open (1st step)
Service Door
Main Landing Gear Door
Nacelle
Baggage Door
Tail Boom
Wing Tip
Tailskid Angular Clearance

Page

1-07-10

Code

2 40

REVISION 26

LOADING

AIRPLANE
OPERATIONS
MANUAL

EMB-145 DOOR CLEARANCES

145APM020052

Page

MARCH 30, 2001

1-07-10

Code

3 40

LOADING

AIRPLANE
OPERATIONS
MANUAL

EMB-145 DOOR CLEARANCES

Page

1-07-10

Code

4 40

JUNE 28, 2002

LOADING

AIRPLANE
OPERATIONS
MANUAL

EXTERNAL DIMENSIONS
ERJ-140 THREE VIEW DRAWING

Page

AUGUST 24, 2001

1-07-10

Code

1 60

LOADING

AIRPLANE
OPERATIONS
MANUAL

ERJ-140 GROUND CLEARANCES

Vertical Clearance

Maximum

Minimum

Fuselage Angle (B)

-1.6 deg

-1.2 deg

1.58 m
5 ft 2 in
0.37 m
1 ft 2 in
1.57 m
5 ft 1 in
0.43 m
1 ft 5 in
2.45 m
8 ft
1.86 m
5 ft 11 in
6.82 m
22 ft 5 in
2.03 m
6 ft 8 in

1.48 m
4 ft 10 in
0.29 m
11.40 in
1.48 m
4 ft 10 in
0.32 m
1 ft 1 in
2.31 m
7 ft 7 in
1.67 m
5 ft 6 in
6.64 m
21 ft 9 in
1.88 m
6 ft 2 in

13.9 deg

12.8 deg

Main Door (D)


Main Door Open (1st step) (E)
Service Door (F)
Main Landing Gear Door (H)
Nacelle (J)
Baggage Door (K)
Tail Boom (M)
Wing Tip (I)
Tailskid Angular Clearance (L)

Page

1-07-10

Code

2 60

AUGUST 24, 2001

LOADING

AIRPLANE
OPERATIONS
MANUAL

ERJ-140 DOOR CLEARANCES

Page

JUNE 29, 2001

1-07-10

Code

3 60

LOADING

AIRPLANE
OPERATIONS
MANUAL

ERJ-140 DOOR CLEARANCES

Page

1-07-10

Code

4 60

JUNE 28, 2002

LOADING

AIRPLANE
OPERATIONS
MANUAL

CABIN CROSS SECTION

Page

SEPTEMBER 20, 1999

1-07-20

Code

1 01

LOADING

AIRPLANE
OPERATIONS
MANUAL

THIS PAGE IS LEFT BLANK INTENTIONALLY

Page

1-07-20

Code

2 01

SEPTEMBER 20, 1999

LOADING

AIRPLANE
OPERATIONS
MANUAL

INTERIOR ARRANGEMENT
EMB-135 STD CONFIGURATION

W: Wardrobe
G: Galley

37 seats

Page

REVISION 13

1-07-30

Code

1 34

LOADING

AIRPLANE
OPERATIONS
MANUAL

EMB-135 STD CONFIGURATION


SEATS
ROW
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13

PASSENGER
SEATS
1
2, 3, 4
5, 6, 7
8, 9, 10
11, 12, 13
14, 15, 16
17, 18, 19
20, 21, 22
23, 24, 25
26, 27, 28
29, 30, 31
32, 33, 34
35, 36, 37

BALANCE ARM
(m)
(in)
6.58
259.05
7.367
290.04
8.154
321.02
8.942
352.05
9.729
383.03
10.517
414.06
11.304
445.04
12.091
476.02
13.107
516.02
13.895
547.05
14.682
578.03
15.470
609.06
16.257
640.04

PASSENGER AVERAGE CG:

11.652 m / 458.74 in

Balance Arm
m (in)

Volume
3
m (cu.ft)

Capacity
Kg (lb)

WARDROBE

4.84 (190.55)

0.93 (32.9)

70 (154) **

RH GALLEY

5.50 (216.54)

140 (309) **

LH GALLEY

5.50 (216.54)

40 (88) **

* Total Galley Volume: 1.16 m (41.0 cu.ft) / 2 half trolleys.


** Reference values. Check aircraft placards for actual values.

Page

1-07-30

Code

2 34

REVISION 25

LOADING

AIRPLANE
OPERATIONS
MANUAL

INTERIOR ARRANGEMENT
EMB-145 CONFIGURATION OPTION 1A

W: Wardrobe
S: Stowage Compartment
C: Forward Galley
D: Aft Galley
E: Forward Flight Attendant
F: Cockpit Observer
G: Aft Flight Attendant
H: Baggage Compartment

50 seats

Page

REVISION 30

1-07-30

Code

1 41

LOADING

AIRPLANE
OPERATIONS
MANUAL

EMB-145 CONFIGURATION OPTION 1A


SEATS
ROW
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18

PASSENGER
SEATS
1
2
3, 4, 5
6, 7, 8
9, 10, 11
12, 13, 14
15, 16, 17
18, 19, 20
21, 22, 23
24, 25, 26
27, 28, 29
30, 31, 32
33, 34, 35
36, 37, 38
39, 40, 41
42, 43, 44
45, 46, 47
48, 49, 50

BALANCE ARM
(m)
(in)
6.193
243.82
6.980
274.80
7.768
305.83
8.555
336.81
9.343
367.83
10.130
398.82
10.917
429.80
11.705
460.83
12.492
491.81
13.280
522.83
14.067
553.82
15.083
593.82
15.870
624.80
16.658
655.83
17.445
686.81
18.233
717.84
19.020
748.82
19.807
779.80

PASSENGER AVERAGE CG:

13.486 m / 530.94 in

Balance Arm
m (in)

Volume
3
m (cu.ft)

Capacity
Kg (lb)

WARDROBE

5.00 (196.85)

0.93 (32.9)

70 (154) **

RH STOWAGE
COMPARTMENT

5.55 (218.50)

0.17 (6.0)

61 (135)**

LH STOWAGE
COMPARTMENT

5.35 (210.63)

0.11 (3.9)

2.3 (5.1) **

FWD GALLEY

5.55 (218.50)

51 (113) **

AFT GALLEY

6.8 (267.72)

149 (328) **

* Total Galley Volume: 1.27 m (44.7 cu.ft) / 3 half trolleys.


** Reference values. Check airplane placards for actual values.

Page

1-07-30

Code

2 41

REVISION 30

LOADING

AIRPLANE
OPERATIONS
MANUAL

INTERIOR ARRANGEMENT
EMB-145 CONFIGURATION OPTION 2

A: Wardrobe
B: Stowage Compartment
C: Forward Galley
D: Aft Galley
E: Forward Flight Attendant
F: Cockpit Observer
G: Aft Flight Attendant
H: Baggage Compartment

50 seats

Page

SEPTEMBER 20, 1999

1-07-30

Code

1 42

LOADING

AIRPLANE
OPERATIONS
MANUAL

EMB-145 CONFIGURATION OPTION 2


SEATS
ROW
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18

PASSENGER
SEATS
1
2
3, 4, 5
6, 7, 8
9, 10, 11
12, 13, 14
15, 16, 17
18, 19, 20
21, 22, 23
24, 25, 26
27, 28, 29
30, 31, 32
33, 34, 35
36, 37, 38
39, 40, 41
42, 43, 44
45, 46, 47
48, 49, 50

BALANCE ARM
(m)
(in)
6.193
243.82
6.980
274.80
7.768
305.83
8.555
336.81
9.343
367.83
10.130
398.82
10.917
429.80
11.705
460.83
12.492
491.81
13.280
522.83
14.067
553.82
15.083
593.82
15.870
624.80
16.658
655.83
17.445
686.81
18.233
717.84
19.020
748.82
19.807
779.80

PASSENGER AVERAGE CG:

13.486 m / 530.94 in.

Balance Arm
m (in)

Volume
3
m (cu.ft)

Capacity
kg (lb)

WARDROBE

5.00 (196.85)

0.93 (32.9)

70 (154) **

LH STOWAGE
COMPARTMENT

5.35 (210.63)

0.11 (3.9)

2.3 (5.1) **

FWD GALLEY

5.55 (218.50)

113 (249) **

AFT GALLEY

6.8 (267.72)

149 (328) **

* Total Galley Volume: 1.49 m (52.7 cu.ft) / 4 half trolleys.


** Reference values. Check aircraft placards for actual values.

Page

1-07-30

Code

2 42

DECEMBER 20, 2002

LOADING

AIRPLANE
OPERATIONS
MANUAL

INTERIOR ARRANGEMENT
ERJ-140 CONFIGURATION OPTION 3

44 seats

Page

REVISION 19

1-07-30

Code

1 60

LOADING

AIRPLANE
OPERATIONS
MANUAL

ERJ-140 CONFIGURATION OPTION 3


SEATS
ROW
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16

PASSENGER
SEATS
1
2
3, 4, 5
6, 7, 8
9, 10, 11
12, 13, 14
15, 16, 17
18, 19, 20
21, 22, 23
24, 25, 26
27, 28, 29
30, 31, 32
33, 34, 35
36, 37, 38
39, 40, 41
42, 43, 44

BALANCE ARM
(m)
(in)
6.15
242.12
6.94
273.23
7.73
304.33
8.51
335.04
9.30
366.14
10.09
397.24
10.87
427.95
11.66
459.05
12.45
490.16
13.23
520.87
14.25
561.02
15.04
592.12
15.82
622.83
16.61
653.94
17.40
685.04
18.19
716.14

PASSENGER AVERAGE CG:

12.65 m / 498.03 in

Balance Arm
m (in)

Volume
3
m (cu.ft)

Capacity
kg (lb)

WARDROBE

4.84 (190.55)

1.04 (36.7)

160 (352.7)**

FWD GALLEY

5.30 (208.66)

120 (264.6)**

AFT GALLEY

6.56 (258.27)

90 (198.4)**

RH AFT STOWAGE
COMPARTMENT

18.50 (728.35)

0.36 (12.7)

45 (99.2)**

LH AFT STOWAGE
COMPARTMENT

18.50 (728.35)

0.18 (6.4)

35 (77.2)**

BAGGAGE
COMPARTMENT

21.17 (833.46)

9.2 (324.9)

1200 (2646)**

* Total Galley Volume: 1.23 m (43.4 cu.ft) / 2 trolleys.


** Reference values. Check aircraft placards for actual values.
Page

1-07-30

Code

2 60

REVISION 25

LOADING

AIRPLANE
OPERATIONS
MANUAL

CARRY-ON BAGGAGE
Carry-on volumes may be stowed in the overhead bins and in the
wardrobe.
There is no specific requirement for underseat carry-on volumes;
however a maximum of 9.0 kg (20.0 lb) is allowable, provided the
volume is properly restrained to avoid sliding.

OVERHEAD BINS
The overhead bins comprise 10 standard overhead bin assemblies
and 1 short overhead bin assembly for EMB-145 models, 9 standard
overhead assemblies and 1 short for ERJ-140 models and 8 standard
overhead bin assemblies, 1 short overhead bin assembly and 1 veryshort overhead bin assembly for EMB-135 models.
3
The bins present a total volume of 1.9 m (67.1 cu.ft) on the EMB-145
3
3
models, 1.44 m (49.3 cu.ft) on the ERJ-140 models and 1.2 m (42.3
cu.ft) on the EMB-135 models.
The overhead bins are installed on the right side of the passenger
cabin.

Page

REVISION 19

1-07-50

Code

1 01

LOADING

AIRPLANE
OPERATIONS
MANUAL

OVERHEAD BIN CAPACITY AND LENGTH


Length
m (in)

Capacity
kg (lb)

Standard Assembly

1.16 (45.67)

27 (60)

Short Assembly

0.83 (32.68)

20 (45)

Very-Short Assembly

0.49 (19.29)

14 (31)

OVERHEAD BIN CROSS SECTION

Page

1-07-50

Code

2 01

REVISION 25

LOADING

AIRPLANE
OPERATIONS
MANUAL

BAGGAGE DOOR
The baggage door, located on the rear left side of the fuselage, is
1.00 meter (39 in) wide and 1.11 meters (44 in) high.
The baggage door is manually operated from the outside. The initial
opening movement (displacement of the door inward) and final closing
and latching movement (displacement of the door outward) are
achieved by means of a door locking mechanism controlled by an
external handle which is stowed in the lower half of the door.

Page

OCTOBER 02, 2001

1-07-60

Code

1 01

LOADING

AIRPLANE
OPERATIONS
MANUAL

THIS PAGE IS LEFT BLANK INTENTIONALLY

Page

1-07-60

Code

2 01

SEPTEMBER 20, 1999

LOADING

AIRPLANE
OPERATIONS
MANUAL

BAGGAGE COMPARTMENT
DESCRIPTION
The baggage compartment is located in the rear part of the fuselage.
All EMB-135, ERJ-140 and some EMB-145 are fitted with a class-C
baggage compartment. Airplanes with the class-C baggage
compartment have the following systems installed:
Baggage Compartment Smoke Detection System.
Baggage Compartment Fire Extinguishing System.
Baggage Compartment Ventilation System.
Although no dedicated temperature control is available (the class-C
baggage compartment is heated by passenger cabin air flowing into it),
the baggage ventilation system provides an adequate environment for
carrying live animals in the compartment.
EMB-145 airplanes with a class-D baggage compartment (i.e., a fire
occurring in it will be completely confined without endangering the
safety of the airplane or the occupants) have the following systems
installed:
Baggage Compartment Smoke Detection System.
Since ventilation and temperature control are not available on class-D
compartments, the transportation of live animals is not recommended.
Both class-C and class-D compartments are pressurized.
The following cargo nets may be installed in the baggage
compartment:
Cargo Restraint Nets (horizontal net).
Baggage Compartment Door Safety Net.
Cargo Barrier Net (vertical net).

Page

DECEMBER 20, 2002

1-07-70

Code

1 01

LOADING

AIRPLANE
OPERATIONS
MANUAL

DIMENSIONS AND LIMITS

Baggage Compartment Balance Arm


m (in)
EMB-145

22.60 (889.76)

ERJ-140

21.17 (833.66)

EMB-135

19.05 (750.00)

Page

1-07-70

Code

2 01

AUGUST 24, 2001

LOADING

AIRPLANE
OPERATIONS
MANUAL

Compartment and Vertical Net Position - m (in)


EMB-145 ERJ-140
A Forward Division Position
B Forward Vertical Net (*)
C Aft Vertical Net (*)
D Aft Division Position

EMB-135

20.97

19.55

17.42

(825.59)

(769.88)

(685.83)

21.78

20.36

18.23

(857.48)

(801.77)

(717.72)

23.25

21.83

19.70

(915.35)

(859.64)

(775.59)

24.31

22.89

20.76

(957.09)

(901.38)

(817.32)

* - For airplanes with the optional Cargo Barrier Nets (vertical nets)
installed .

Page

DECEMBER 20, 2002

1-07-70

Code

3 01

LOADING

AIRPLANE
OPERATIONS
MANUAL

Balance Arm for each Section (*) - m (in)


EMB-145 ERJ-140
Forward Section
Central Section
Aft Section

EMB-135

21.38

19.96

17.82

(841.54).

(785.82)

(701.57)

22.515

21.095

18.965

(886.42)

(830.51)

(746.65)

23.78

22.36

20.23

(936.22)

(880.31)

(796.46)

EMB-145 Compartment Limits:


3
Baggage Compartment Available Volume ................. 9.2 m (325 cu.ft)
2
Maximum Floor Distributed Load ......................... 390 kg/m (80 lb/ft2)
Total Maximum Capacity..........................................1200 kg (2646 lb)
Maximum Capacity per Section (*).............................400 kg
(882 lb)
ERJ-140 Compartment Limits:
3
Baggage Compartment Available Volume ................. 9.2 m (325 cu.ft)
2
Maximum Floor Distributed Load ......................... 390 kg/m (80 lb/ft2)
Total Maximum Capacity..........................................1200 kg (2646 lb)
Maximum Capacity per Section (*).............................400 kg
(882 lb)
EMB-135 Compartment Limits:
3
Baggage Compartment Available Volume ................. 9.2 m (325 cu.ft)
2
Maximum Floor Distributed Load ......................... 390 kg/m (80 lb/ft2)
Total Maximum Capacity..........................................1000 kg (2205 lb)
Maximum Capacity per Section (*).............................333 kg
(735 lb)
* - For airplanes with the optional Cargo Barrier Nets (vertical nets)
installed .

Page

1-07-70

Code

4 01

DECEMBER 20, 2002

LOADING

AIRPLANE
OPERATIONS
MANUAL

PACKAGE SIZE TABLE


The table below shows the approximate rectangular package
maximum dimensions which will pass through the baggage door
without interference with the baggage door, airplane fuselage or
compartment interior.
Enter the table with the package width and height and read the
maximum length of the package that can be stowed in the baggage
compartment.

Page

REVISION 19

1-07-70

Code

5 01

LOADING

AIRPLANE
OPERATIONS
MANUAL

BAGGAGE AND CARGO LOADING


Baggage and cargo should be evenly distributed over the baggage
compartment to avoid load concentration.
Cargo and baggage loading up to 990 kg (2182 lb) are not required to
be tied down. If the baggage compartment is loaded with more than
990 kg (2182 lb), all the load must be tied down with the horizontal net.
For airplanes Post-Mod. SB 145-25-0261 (reinforced liners) or
equipped with an equivalent modification factory incorporated, the use
of the horizontal net is not required.
Cargo must not become a hazard to the airplane structure or systems
as a result of shifting under operational loads. Sharp edges (like
wooden or metal containers) or dense cargo (objects significantly more
dense than typical passenger baggage) must be placed under the
cargo restraint net to prevent shifting.
If the baggage compartment is to be loaded with higher values than
those listed below, the following simultaneous conditions must be
observed:
Airplane shall be with a minimum required fuel of 907 kg (2000 lb).
No more than one person can be at the airplane cone either inside
the baggage compartment or inside the rear electronic
compartment.
EMB-145 models without Thrust Reverser: 1000 kg (2205 lb).
EMB-145 models with Thrust Reverser: 800 kg (1764 lb).
ERJ-140 models with Thrust Reverser: 1000 kg (2205 lb)
EMB-135 models: 800 kg (1764 lb).
CAUTION: IF THE CONDITIONS ABOVE ARE NOT OBSERVED,
AIRPLANE TILTING (TAIL DOWN) MAY OCCUR.

Page

1-07-70

Code

6 01

REVISION 31

LOADING

AIRPLANE
OPERATIONS
MANUAL

Before loading or unloading the baggage compartment, the Cargo


Loading/Unloading Ramp (also known as Door Jamb Barrier) must be
lowered in order to protect the baggage door latching mechanism.

Page

REVISION 25

1-07-70

Code

7 01

LOADING

AIRPLANE
OPERATIONS
MANUAL

THIS PAGE IS LEFT BLANK INTENTIONALLY

Page

1-07-70

Code

8 01

REVISION 25

LOADING

AIRPLANE
OPERATIONS
MANUAL

CARGO NETS
BAGGAGE COMPARTMENT DOOR SAFETY NET
The safety barrier net secures the baggage and prevents the cargo
door from jamming (the door slides inboard before opening upward).
The net attaches to two pulley assemblies which attach to the net
beam assembly. The net beam assembly is attached to an upper
attach bracket. A cargo net adapter attaches the cargo door safety net
to the upper attach bracket. Decals on the net assembly indicate
orientation (FWD, AFT, UPSIDE, or R/L). Straps on the net attach to
anchor plates on the cargo loading/unloading ramp (door jamb barrier).
The cargo door safety net is held to the cargo compartment floor by six
anchor plates. Two shock lanyard assemblies extend the door jamb
barrier assembly when the baggage door is opened.

Page

DECEMBER 20, 2002

1-07-80

Code

1 01

LOADING

AIRPLANE
OPERATIONS
MANUAL

THIS PAGE IS LEFT BLANK INTENTIONALLY

Page

1-07-80

Code

2 01

DECEMBER 20, 2002

LOADING

AIRPLANE
OPERATIONS
MANUAL

Page

DECEMBER 20, 2002

1-07-80

Code

3 01

LOADING

AIRPLANE
OPERATIONS
MANUAL

CARGO RESTRAINT NET (HORIZONTAL NET)


The cargo restraint net (tie-down) provides vertical restraint for the
baggage and cargo. It is attached to the cargo compartment floor with
anchor plates. Adjustable straps allow the arresting net to extend and
retract. Some airplanes are equipped with retaining strips located at
the upside of the baggage compartment which are used to hold the net
while the baggage is placed under it. Decals on the cargo net
assembly indicate orientation (FWD, AFT, UPSIDE, or R/L) of the net
in the cargo compartment. The net may be a two-piece assembly.
For the cargo restraint net P/Ns 7162041-501 or -503 the maximum
load that can be placed under it is 450 kg (992 lb) and, for the cargo
restraint net P/N 7162041-505, it is limited to the maximum capacity of
the baggage compartment.

Page

1-07-80

Code

4 01

DECEMBER 20, 2002

LOADING

AIRPLANE
OPERATIONS
MANUAL

Page

DECEMBER 20, 2002

1-07-80

Code

5 01

LOADING

AIRPLANE
OPERATIONS
MANUAL

CARGO BARRIER NET (VERTICAL NET)


The optional cargo barrier net is a two-piece assembly that divides the
cargo compartment into three areas and provides horizontal restraint.
The vertical net is solely intended to optimize the cargo compartment
loading. The cargo barrier net attaches to the cargo compartment floor
with six anchor plates each. Adjustable straps and pigtails allow the
restraint net to extend and retract. Decals on the cargo net assembly
indicate orientation (FWD, AFT, UPSIDE, or R/L) of the net in the
cargo compartment.

Page

1-07-80

Code

6 01

DECEMBER 20, 2002

LOADING

AIRPLANE
OPERATIONS
MANUAL

Page

DECEMBER 20, 2002

1-07-80

Code

7 01

LOADING

AIRPLANE
OPERATIONS
MANUAL

THIS PAGE IS LEFT BLANK INTENTIONALLY

Page

1-07-80

Code

8 01

DECEMBER 20, 2002

LOADING

AIRPLANE
OPERATIONS
MANUAL

LIVE ANIMALS TRANSPORTATION


This section presents the general conditions for live animal
transportation in the EMB-145 and EMB-135 Class C Baggage
Compartment. Live animals transportation on aircraft equipped with
Class D Baggage Compartments is not recommended.
The main references that regulate and state methods and procedures
to handling, appropriate packaging, legal aspects for animal
transportation, etc. are the IATA Live Animal Regulations and SAE
AIR1600.
GENERAL RECOMMENDATIONS
Generically, animals should be protected from stressing situations, like
excessive noise, solar radiation, draft, high or low temperatures.
The containers should be appropriate for the type of animal to be
transported, as recommended by IATA Live Animal Regulations.
Animals shall be handled with great care, to minimize the stress
associated to handling. While waiting for the shipment, animals should
be maintained in a waiting room with temperature control and
protected from noise and draught. The adverse climatic conditions
could cause additional stress to the animals. The ambient should be
dark to make the animals more calm and comfortable while waiting for
shipment. Animals of different species, specially which are natural
enemies, such as cats and dogs, must be kept apart one from another.
On the other hand, animals of the same species would be more calm if
kept together.
Animals shall be loaded just before departure and unloaded just after
arrival, in order to minimize the exposition to high or low temperatures
on ground, where the baggage compartment ventilation is not
completely effective. Specially in the hot season, it should be
preferable to schedule the animal shipment for the night period, when
the temperatures are lower than during the day. For the more sensitive
animals, such as little birds, that would not resist to high temperatures,
this is an important requirement. In addition, these animals would be
too susceptible to low temperatures achieved during long cruise flights,
so it could be necessary to limit the flight cruise altitude to reduce the
temperature drop in the baggage compartment and protect them.

Page

REVISION 30

1-07-90

Code

1 01

LOADING

AIRPLANE
OPERATIONS
MANUAL

The containers should not be placed near the compartment floor, in


order to isolate the animals from low temperatures in that region. The
recommendations for animal load limitations should be observed, in
order to prevent animals being exposed to adverse environmental
conditions.
LOAD LIMITATIONS
The limitations for the load in the compartment are defined mainly by
Temperature, Carbon Dioxide concentration and Humidity, that are a
result of animal metabolism. These items have to be compensated
with the baggage compartment ventilation system, that draws air from
passenger cabin to the cargo compartment, as air exchange reduces
CO2 concentration and humidity and controls the compartment
temperature.
The calculations to determine the maximum animal load for
EMB-145/135 Class C Baggage Compartment were developed using
the methodology stated in the reference SAE AIR1600. The estimate
was developed for the animals that are most likely to be transported,
and taking the baggage compartment characteristics into
consideration.

Page

1-07-90

Code

2 01

REVISION 30

LOADING

AIRPLANE
OPERATIONS
MANUAL

1 - DOGS AND CATS


The temperature limits for these animals are within 10C to 30C
range. Considering this and the humidity and CO2 generation by
animals metabolism, the number of animals as function of animal
mass are stated in the table 1, as follows.

Table 1: Dog and Cat Load


Dog/Cat mass(kg)
Load Limitation
1.0
50
5.0
24
10.0
12
25.0
8
50.0
4
2 - SMALL BIRDS
These are very sensitive animals. This kind of animal is very
susceptible to high and low temperatures. It may be necessary to avoid
flights at high temperatures during the day and schedule the shipment
to night flights. In case of low temperatures during cruise flight,
depending on the flight extension, it might be necessary to limit the
maximum flight altitude in order to reduce the temperature drop in the
baggage compartment. The containers should be placed at some
distance from the compartment floor, avoiding the contact with low
temperatures coming from the area below the floor.
The limitations for the maximum load of these animals are stated in the
table 2, as follows.

Page

REVISION 30

1-07-90

Code

3 01

LOADING

AIRPLANE
OPERATIONS
MANUAL

Table 2: Small Birds Load


Mass (kg)
Load
0.03
3000
0.10
1000
0.25
400
0.50
200
1.00
100
2.50
80

3 - OTHERS
For the other animals not mentioned in this section, estimations could
be developed considering the data presented here. In case of special
animal shipment, Embraer Customer Support may be consulted.

Page

1-07-90

Code

4 01

REVISION 30