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Experiment:1

Introduction and different features of the CAD


Software.
AutoCAD is a commercial software application for 2D and 3D computer-aided design
(CAD) and drafting available since 1982 as a desktop application and since 2010 as a mobile, web- and
cloud-based app marketed as AutoCAD 360.
Developed and marketed by Autodesk, AutoCAD was first released in December 1982, running
on microcomputers with internal graphics controllers. Prior to the introduction of AutoCAD, most
commercial CAD programs ran on mainframe computers or minicomputers, with each CAD operator (user)
working at a separate graphics terminal.
AutoCAD was derived from a program begun in 1977 and released in 1979 called Interact CAD, also
referred to in early Autodesk documents as Micro CAD, which was written prior to Autodesk's (then Marin
chip Software Partners) formation by Autodesk cofounder Mike Riddle.
The first version by Autodesk was demonstrated at the 1982 Comdex and released that December. The
2016 release marked the 30th major release of AutoCAD for Windows. The 2014 release marked the fourth
consecutive year of AutoCAD for Mac.
The native file format of AutoCAD is .dwg. This and, to a lesser extent, its interchange file format DXF,
have become de facto, if proprietary, standards for CAD data interoperability, particularly for 2D drawing
exchange. AutoCAD has included support for .dwf, a format developed and promoted by Autodesk, for
publishing CAD data.

Shortcut Commands
Common Commands
SHORTCUT

COMMAND

COMMENT

ARC

Draw an arc.

AR

ARRAY

Opens array dialogue box.

BLOCK

Opens block dialogue box.

CIRCLE

Draw a circle.

CO

COPY

Copy an object.

CHA

CHAMFER

Chamfer between 2 non-parallel lines.

DI

DISTANCE

Check a distance.

ERASE

Erase a selection.

EX

EXTEND

Extend a selection.

FILLET

Draw an arc between 2 intersecting lines.

GROUP

Launches the group dialogue box.

HATCH

Opens hatch gradient dialogue box.

LINE

Draw a line.

LA

LAYER

Opens layer manager.

MOVE

Move a selection.

MA

MATCH PROPERTIES

Match properties of an object.

OFFSET

Offset a selection.

OP

OPTIONS

Launches options dialogue box.

PAN

Pan in drawing.

PLOT

PLOT

Opens plot/print dialogue box.

PR

PROPERTIES

Opens properties dialogue box.

RE

REGEN

Regenerate the display.

REC

RECTANG

Draw a rectangle.

RO

ROTATE

Rotate a selection.

MTEXT

Insert multiline text.

TB

TABLE

Opens insert a table dialogue box.

TR

TRIM

Trim a selection.

UNDO

Undo last command.

UN

UNITS

Opens unit dialogue box.

VIEW

Opens view dialogue box.

WBLOCK

Write a block.

EXPLODE

Explode a selection.

ZOOM

Zoom in display.

Coordinate Entry
#X,Y

Location measured by distance from 0,0 in current UCS

@X,Y

Location measured by distance from last point

#distance<angl
e

Location measured by distance and angle from 0,0 in current UCS

@distance<an
gl e

Location measured by distance and angle from last point

.x or.y or .xy etc Location by extracting and combining coordinate values from 2 or 3 points
distance

Location direct from current position in direction of movement

<angle

An angle override from current point

Function Keys
SHORTCUT

COMMAND

COMMENT

F1

HELP

Opens Autocad help

F2

TEXTSCR
GRAPHSCR

Switches between text screen and graphic area

F3

OSNAP

Switches osnap on/off

F5 or CTRL+E

ISOPLANE

Cycles through isoplanes

F6 or CTRL+D

COORDS

Turns coordinate display on/off

F7 or CTRL+G GRID

Turns grid on/off

F8 or CTRL+L

ORTHO

Turns ortho on/off

F9 or CTRL+B

SNAP

Turns snap on/off

F10 or

POLAR

Turns polar on/off

F11 or

OSNAP TRACK

Turns object snap tracking on/off

F12

DYNMODE

Turns dynamic input on/off

Experiment:2

2-D Drafting

STEP 1
First, draw a perpendicular bisector will be horizontal at its midpoint and perpendicularly draw
another perpendicular bisector.
The midpoint centerline, draw a power circle diameter of 30 CIRCLE command that radius Radius 15
Command:
Command: _circle
Specify center point for circle or [3P/2P/Ttr (tan tan radius)]:
Specify radius of circle or [Diameter]: 15 [radius circle no. 3]
STEP 2
Also considering that the two extreme circles are symmetrically of great circles on the same
distance of 30 units going to draw a large circle from the middle of two auxiliary lines (which we
will later delete) values of 30 and then at their ends with a circle of radius 8 units.

Command: _circle
Specify center point for circle or [3P/2P/Ttr (tan tan radius)]:
Specify radius of circle or [Diameter] <7.5000>: 8 [radius circle no. 1 and 2]
STEP 3
Now we need to draw the outer parts of the line. From the center of a circle is drawn will be higher
elevations of the circle with the first drawing. OSNAP button mode is turned on.
The first end of the circle 4 and 5, R = 15 and then srednju6, R = 25
Command: _circle
Specify center point for circle or [3P/2P/Ttr (tan tan radius)]:
Specify radius of circle or [Diameter] <8.0000>: 15 [radius circle no. 4]
Command:
Command: _circle
Specify center point for circle or [3P/2P/Ttr (tan tan radius)]:
Specify radius of circle or [Diameter] <15.0000>: 15 [radius circle no. 5]
Command:
Command: _circle
Specify center point for circle or [3P/2P/Ttr (tan tan radius)]:
Specify radius of circle or [Diameter] <15.0000>: 25 [radius circle no. 6]

STEP 4
Now using OSNAP mode (including TANGENT) will merge at a tangent circles outside of the
drawings. Carefully study the figure, turn off the other connecting point Osnap that you do not
confuse.
STEP 5
You need to click on the button LINE and then target the outer circle of 4/6, 5/6 and when the
character appears to Tangent click a mouse.
STEP 6
Repeat Previous action to make all four external connecting lines. After that, you need to have this
drawing.
STEP 7
So now we need to cut off the excess line and we will use the TRIM command.
STEP 8
Click the right mouse button or press Enter to complete the selection. Now click through the
internal parts of a circle that is part of the circle that we need to be cut or trimmed.

Experiment:3

3D MODELING

STEP 1
Draw a circle with a radius of 1.25.
STEP 2
On the View tab, click the Views drop-down and choose SE Isometric.
STEP 3
Start the EXTRUDE command. Select the circle and end selection.
STEP 4
Choose the Taper Angle option.

STEP 5
Enter -5 for the taper angle. You use a negative number to taper outward.

STEP 6
Enter 5.5 for the height of the extrusion.

Experiment:4

Experiment:5