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REQUIRED SCFM OF COMPRESSED AIR PER OUTLET FOR LABORATORIES

ABORATORIES

REQUIRED nl/s OF COMPRESSED AIR PER OUTLET FO

ESSED AIR PER OUTLET FOR LABORATORIES

mm) 1/2" 3/4" 1" 1 1/4" 1 1/2" 2" 15 mm 20 mm 25 mm 32 mm 40 mm 50 mm 90o bend 0.4 2.2 0.5 0.3 0.5 0.5 0.6 90o elbow Tee .7 1.Fittings Equivalent Length Table in Compressed Equivalent Pipe Length (m) Nominal Pipe Size (inches.25 0.7 1 0.5 0.4 0.8 0.8 2.15 0.7 Fitting .35 0.4 0.25 0.65 0.run 0.85 Tee .2 0.4 1.side outlet 0.

7 7 .4 1.8 1 1.3 2.6 4.6 3.2 1. mm) 2 1/2" 3" 4" 5" 65 mm 80 mm 100 mm 125 mm 0.1 1.4 1.8 1.5 1.6 5.2 2 3.ompressed Air Pipe lines m) e (inches.

0087 0.6604 0.05 2.0379 0.4872 0.009 Pressure Drop For Sch 40 Steel Pipes NOTE! Pressure drops above 1 kg/cm2 (14-15 psi) are in general not relevant.0000 0.0477 0.0113 0.42 57.7974 1.1919 0.6243 0.0135 0.0522 0.67 17.0634 0.71 30.0082 0.41 140.36 46.43 7.18 0.00 (psi) Adjust pressure (kg/cm2) 100 (m) 328.0132 0.0017 0.6080 0.0020 0.0022 0.50 366.0606 0.58 1.1237 0.0386 0.0256 0.0103 0.3 0.0150 0.0406 0.0736 0.0003 0.9032 1.0042 0.3626 12.2511 0.0808 0.6431 15.0634 0.1419 0.6947 0.1569 3.3214 0.0038 0.19 119.18 12.9305 5.0044 0.0094 0.0127 9.94 49.0922 0.0019 0.0138 0.0029 0.0017 0.6 2.5 4 7 11 14 18 21 25 28 32 35 42 49 56 64 71 78 85 92 99 106 124 141 159 177 194 212 229 247 265 282 300 318 335 0.94 3.0720 0.0088 0.0553 0.2227 2.0029 0.2567 0.Initial Pressure Length Max.645 2 52.08 (ft) Adjust Length (m) 1 (kg/cm2) 14.0065 0.0451 1.0247 0.0524 0.3013 0.5 7 7.1491 9.19 1.50 19.0532 0.0290 0.7510 2.4136 0.0057 0.5616 0.7057 1.8 0.2212 0.1031 0.8 3 3.0018 0.9105 18.8325 0.54 6.7059 5.0003 0.0314 0.713 3 77.96 18.9694 1.0662 0.7372 3.0219 0.0002 0.5501 0.1077 13.0283 1.9563 2.1393 0.5427 0.21 4.1954 0.1526 0.0137 0.1126 0.0176 0.4062 0.16 1.0001 0.3753 7.2598 0.70 53.2912 0.0098 0.0227 0.0007 0.0038 0.501 2 1/2 62.6568 12.0003 0.72 5.18 37.0000 0.1854 0.0041 0.58 9.54 22.7202 7.40 8.0107 0.4781 0.1772 2.55 25.0380 0.1067 0.7186 6.26 17.0001 0.0137 0.4036 4.0003 0.0027 0.9 1 1.0584 0.0804 0.0340 0.0037 0.0022 0.51 179.2213 0.84 11.0261 0.84 73.0061 0.0048 0.0156 0.7072 4.31 0.22 1.0642 1.0080 0.09 91.5931 0.67 0.1499 0.7892 0.0864 0.2212 0.0025 0.1612 0.8098 2.26 16.5 6 6.0071 0.73 3.8 2 2.1127 0.3122 7.7442 0.0471 0.0487 0.4 1.0204 0.0005 0.6076 2.60 14.13 66.04 651.2522 1.09 15.0008 0.0005 0.0079 0.07 223.0014 0.6062 1.1 0.79 430.0131 0.7586 0.0242 .00 0.7845 4.8213 8.10 1.5 8 8.0219 0.798 3/4 20.0006 0.0629 1.0007 0.6458 3.0001 0.4137 1.18 0.5813 0.5 4 4.5673 0.1780 0.4008 0.0223 0.21 2.1390 0.0717 0.6468 14.14 14.45 67.0416 0.3921 0.86 105.0649 0.1558 0.47 25.0145 0.0011 0.0049 0.6805 0.267 (psi) Adjust pressure drop (kg/cm2) 7.63 51.0105 0.53 26.20 35.0159 0.4459 0.0014 0.0892 0.0155 0.0038 0.52 63.0001 0.8486 0.0016 0.0991 0.3926 0.0374 0.0746 0.0005 0.0120 0.5794 0.0182 0.81 2.3807 13.2 0.7953 6.8363 5.77 4.4949 0.7263 0.0022 0.6138 0.33 79.0223 0.0280 0.85 499.2072 0.0075 0.1577 0.0696 0.0011 0.0532 0.4080 0.1505 0.3768 0.6882 2.36 1.88 2.9441 1.9051 1.26 3.04 307.1951 0.4 0.0040 0.2 2.0002 0.0010 0.5020 0.1888 0.3298 0.052 40.34 89.93 NPS Pipe Size / Innside diameter (mm) 1 1/4 1 1/2 35.0041 0.1361 4.0745 0.0000 0.3436 6.2689 0.94 70.0004 0.0002 0.1743 0.1524 11.5 5 5.0168 0.4371 0.9336 5.49 247.45 56.1269 0.008.7977 0.0306 0.0176 0.9049 1.30 1.56 122.8745 4.74 21.2948 0.6415 0.0318 0.0930 0.0005 0.4266 0.2326 1.0207 0.0069 0.38 11.1347 0.4710 0.61 820.0011 0.8299 16.0085 0.50 253.0296 0.4424 0.0860 8.0438 0.0286 0.2 1.2989 4.0498 1.0049 0.05 2.0026 0.0019 0.0033 0.0584 0.31 0.39 159.0159 0.0062 0.2064 0.7570 11.0542 0.1381 2.1045 0.2899 0.0037 0.0016 0.94 29.49 4.17 45.34 3.0056 0.0027 0.6 1.28 6.3119 0. Volume Flow FAD 1/2 15.2263 0.0116 0.3044 0.0614 7.2505 2.0001 0.1183 0.96 203.6 0.0355 0. Pressure Drop (kg/cm2) 100.0246 2.4911 1.8639 1.75 60.57 36.5388 3.0074 0.0000 0.0463 0.1212 0.0145 0.37 8.5068 0.2386 0.1109 0.72 105.4 2.8163 1.0078 0.928 (m3/min) (cfm) (kg/cm2) (psi) (kg/cm2) (psi) (kg/cm2) (psi) (kg/cm2) (psi) (kg/cm2) (psi) (kg/cm2) (psi) (kg/cm2) (psi) (kg/cm2) 0.87 0.9561 3.0275 0.2396 0.68 5.02 40.0008 0.0004 0.0313 0.77 29.1473 1.0559 0.88 31.7077 8.3458 0.62 573.5 9 9.0001 0.38 22.2595 0.0009 0.0494 0.1560 3.894 1 26.7042 1.0011 0.1927 0.1661 0.0148 0.0200 0.7593 0.7470 0.0535 0.7 0.0352 0.68 912.8490 8.00 75.05 733.1227 0.6513 0.2653 0.0573 0.6018 6.0062 0.5011 0.75 0.3721 0.0000 0.96 4.28 38.0225 0.6746 0.0721 0.57 2.3183 0.2915 10.9563 1.30 7.5402 0.54 2.35 5.61 41.0541 0.62 3.2015 0.2106 0.0010 0.3456 0.0050 0.0197 0.0106 0.0180 0.0065 0.73 201.1132 0.4709 1.66 21.52 158.58 1.0878 0.9254 1.0683 0.86 62.0407 0.8854 15.9831 2.0002 0.0148 0.1196 0.1146 0.5 0.0959 0.99 47.0021 0.0802 0.0162 0.07 1.0009 0.3997 0.0943 10.4857 0.1371 0.3677 1.0001 0.

81 20.18 93.13 529.12 58.65 72.7902 9.80 1.13 143.109.01 43.876.503.36 156.04 853.88 3.52 90.055.40 21.67 18.25 480.95 824.0788 0.429.16 965.71 266.40 2.06 75.28 267.70 145.373.1669 0.32 176.05 11.25 87.39 2.923.329.27 4.7348 5.63 373.822.66 1.19 53.8001 1.58 446.17 109.06 11.0442 1.72 5.6685 1.08 113.32 35.174.40 696.45 ### ### 9.712.07 2.79 754.30 193.234.695.72 3.6145 18.10 6.74 1.40 307.8589 14.854.09 764.853.27 3.92 73.51 280.07 427.65 8.997.01 7.71 64.646.327.99 92.78 20.153.30 266.939.323.82 55.53 3.08 17.51 74.047.46 31.14 3.28 3.7320 0.40 42.21 14.43 40.88 9.42 2.79 1.182.372.92 103.195.33 25.60 17.15 46.63 1.44 5.757.94 35.50 249.99 44.03 29.70 11.73 298.69 10.487.55 ### ### ### ### 0.513.201.85 39.237.59 56.76 4.38 33.18 7.12 51.46 1.00 8.45 3.87 27.665.18 2.30 216.16 ### ### ### ### ### 0.09 1.19 12.12 3.00 111.46 1.33 24.678.96 1.526.64 808.04 102.370.10 15 20 25 30 35 40 45 50 55 60 65 70 75 80 85 90 95 100 150 200 250 300 350 400 450 500 550 600 353 530 706 883 1059 1236 1412 1589 1765 1942 2118 2295 2471 2648 2824 3001 3177 3354 3530 5295 7060 8825 10590 12355 14120 15885 17650 19415 21180 77.091.38 331.972.915.5832 11.75 92.1449 0.79 71.08 67.12 7.80 133.261.45 857.85 5.729.52 31.54 44.27 19.91 697.06 1.805.220.51 2.44 598.914.535.313.038.26 593.53 19.2701 0.27 2.58 11.500.71 1.69 58.06 5.347.85 46.090.44 3.18 71.347.27 1.25 0.60 4.71 8.891.35 ### ### ### ### ### ### ### 0.64 5.92 523.94 6.82 361.15 40.11 52.49 891.1245 2.479.34 7.47 27.157.58 1.95 2.843.002.43 15.87 78.63 2.04 40.25 780.13 15.080.70 164.53 1.502.55 403.51 20.79 8.79 195.09 377.11 1.87 499.88 373.32 4.87 11.94 146.86 1.78 557.36 ### ### ### ### ### 19.63 158.80 31.37 796.17 2.387.21 7.67 607.21 170.92 2.85 2.452.83 445.28 6.77 51.63 5.8489 0.076.26 14.46 615.137.88 41.459.4294 0.19 34.591.00 1.820.54 5.95 43.090.65 791.04 47.0244 1.46 2.3809 4.60 134.91 555.81 442.39 1.108.724.06 ### 81.477.35 209.12 675.78 23.35 1.1258 8.43 262.66 2.36 219.99 6.478.47 6.19 12.950.14 187.054.653.44 36.580.34 5.71 153.83 58.13 4.099.750.708.257.08 11.45 57.516.58 137.312.2841 0.79 10.65 181.66 18.230.80 13.361.964.59 1.79 73.731.95 2.59 575.76 52.038.914.05 5.69 4.4156 14.03 3.737.11 423.98 10.40 79.97 8.234.839.25 1.0959 0.30 88.66 1.12 30.2031 0.92 6.32 112.996.59 5.67 2.72 1.396.24 247.38 19.03 3.49 1.38 69.90 2.59 368.22 171.8975 20.00 433.54 1.5225 0.76 1.33 4.595.009.46 1.61 409.253.38 51.889.965.49 41.27 6.97 2.65 208.39 4.921.377.33 1.33 100.26 100.479.73 48.80 96.56 287.15 35.96 154.34 30.94 65.71 128.3458 0.9736 1.341.388.83 310.63 103.61 168.49 317.33 159.92 104.62 257.05 4.70 75.59 43.08 26.34 13.91 567.13 2.06 396.92 5.68 5.227.434.529.814.486.76 176.99 30.58 130.830.63 2.35 28.42 7.6232 0.62 43.0540 6.45 304.008.640.6910 1.04 38.30 68.4058 0.858.08 193.461.10 3.753.86 997.76 35.6016 0.83 .729.4299 0.49 5.292.12 24.69 12.85 1.76 46.47 3.935.05 788.80 607.54 2.03 14.48 30.57 28.802.666.406.34 349.96 72.525.05 21.5381 20.95 2.580.31 223.66 366.51 72.46 450.255.25 657.28 4.67 ### ### ### 1.567.48 3.65 74.966.0563 0.55 1.73 84.18 5.85 482.0266 0.473.55 1.30 157.46 619.229.327.15 404.072.93 64.27 ### ### ### ### ### ### ### 271.1917 0.07 5.05 20.49 3.52 112.85 929.333.72 9.97 292.02 979.41 3.17 22.225.34 236.128.89 7.23 14.59 3.984.769.88 3.48 166.441.30 282.01 1.83 123.072.902.92 333.66 614.25 1.17 12.775.88 60.35 1.04 4.

0028 0.0041 0.0054 0.3124 0.0409 0. NPS Pipe Size / Innside diameter (mm) 3 77.0271 0.0323 0.0379 0.0001 0.0003 0.1475 0.0360 0.0314 0.0075 0.0544 0.1053 0.0697 0.0070 0.0140 0.0504 0.1256 0.0866 0.0001 0.0100 0.0021 0.0193 0.928 4 102.0004 0.0223 0.0440 0.0010 0.0081 0.1711 0.0050 0.OTE! Pressure drops above 1 kg/cm2 (14-15 psi) are in general not relevant.0003 0.0007 0.0179 0.0093 0.0059 0.0573 0.0015 0.0128 0.0011 0.26 (psi) (kg/cm2) (psi) 0.0009 0.0159 0.0044 0.1962 0.0026 0.0035 0.0014 0.0887 .0001 0.0722 0.0271 0.0033 0.0803 0.0646 0.0005 0.3452 ### ### ### ### ### ### ### ### ### ### ### ### ### ### ### ### ### ### ### ### ### ### ### ### ### ### ### ### ### ### ### ### ### 0.0105 0.0006 0.2229 0.0000 0.0231 0.2810 0.2512 0.0019 0.

1111 ### 3.91 70.0.5700 15.64 37.8913 ### 2.9903 4.62 629.62 205.5703 19.3796 ### 0.39 13.2851 10.2678 6.34 161.7446 3.9157 8.78 ### 4.10 3.6842 12.8907 ### 3.90 146.4540 ### 1.8532 ### 0.29 89.5314 2.8036 ### 0.70 9.3684 ### 0.78 4.69 52.22 6.45 11.5764 7.2809 26.75 434.1339 ### 1.89 ### 5.0560 17.89 ### ### 96.4442 ### 2.87 1.11 ### 5.1126 13.32 190.75 24.87 ### 6.3517 2.11 349.78 ### 4.0976 0.71 272.51 135.2065 1.60 527.8971 ### 0.82 111.9061 56.9329 ### 1.1128 22.0677 ### 0.25 7.77 739.38 2.6830 24.44 ### 6.03 .

4 2.2079 0.00 2.49 3.55 0.91 9.87 1.0018 0.0180 0.3886 0.0412 0.22 0.3 0.05 6.39 60.1764 0.1221 0.4009 1.0064 0.0160 0.8 0.95 16.0097 0.0349 0.17 1.1940 3.45 43.COMPRESSED AIR PRESSURE The pressure drop in compressed air type K copper lines can be calculated by using the formula:dp = 7.267 (psi) 10.00 80.8 4 7 11 14 18 21 25 28 32 35 42 49 56 64 71 78 85 92 99 0.8228 1.6 0.0136 0.18 7.35 0.4 1.6086 1.40 14.2045 0.0489 0.0767 0.2324 0.84 1.0118 0.1078 0.64 0.37 70.53 0.2 0. Pressure Drop (kg/cm2) 150.85 (L) (104) / (d)5 (p) Where:dp = pressure drop (kg/cm2) q = air volume flow (m3/min) L = length of pipe (m) d = inside diameter of pipe (mm) p = initial pressure (kg/cm2) Initial Pressure Length Max.69 12.9660 3.0076 0.0982 0.1259 0.69 0.1168 2.04 (ft) 1 (kg/cm2) 14.1 0.0021 0.10 10.75 22.7420 2.923 1 25.2 1.0231 0.29 0.1688 0.3152 4.63 9.273 (m3/min) (cfm) (kg/cm2) (psi) (kg/cm2) (psi) (kg/cm2) 0.83 11.5 0.00 0.44 0.43 0.2765 0.3256 0.0005 0.63 0.08 51.1484 0.8 2 2.60 4.0651 0.9448 5.9 1 1.0004 (psi) 50 (m) 164.3858 3/4 18.51 35.1036 0.2885 2.2282 0.75 0.28 7.23 4.0287 0.0833 0.56 2.1501 0.0038 0.2 2.5138 Adjust pressure (kg/cm Adjust Length (m) Adjust pressure drop (kg Pressure Drop For Type K Copper Pipes Volume Flow FAD 1/2 13.0427 0.91 5.2346 NOTE .0299 0.4 0.0272 0.0903 0.1538 0.6 1.57 (q)1.5872 0.6451 6.6 2.02 3.27 28.7 0.0943 1.0577 0.

32 193.164.37 496.12 550.72 958.64 9.00 159.47 5.50 22.143.30 125.28 1.84 5.017.29 17.461.5 10 15 20 25 30 35 40 45 50 55 60 65 70 75 80 85 90 95 100 150 200 250 300 350 400 450 500 550 106 124 141 159 177 194 212 229 247 265 282 300 318 335 353 530 706 883 1059 1236 1412 1589 1765 1942 2118 2295 2471 2648 2824 3001 3177 3354 3530 5295 7060 8825 10590 12355 14120 15885 17650 19415 600 21180 6.56 213.818.41 8.730.82 457.78 8.778.05 452.86 317.54 77.436.96 1.291.819.23 2.49 215.995.099.12 39.055.5 7 7.32 155.70 54.70 279.521.50 10.781.73 5.73 115.230.827.21 41.39 696.25 43.78 4.389.44 3.61 1.56 0.31 743.14 4.79 323.82 0.89 10.43 19.24 37.83 13.95 3.16 21.75 26.27 778.44 2.99 6.64 1.75 206.91 3.08 4.90 91.53 611.53 82.5 6 6.90 48.484.32 136.791.889.793.13 234.13 1.648.09 1.81 326.01 15.680.46 102.85 953.22 2.85 7.50 630.548.77 2.28 246.615.76 39.35 80.92 7.47 18.55 144.46 30.28 ### ### ### ### ### ### 0.99 370.88 3.22 121.95 7.69 0.846.50 846.01 99.454.672.90 68.39 32.93 626.09 32.108.90 8.51 169.631.25 816.23 12.83 39.85 381.675.942.67 126.74 492.73 30.65 602.08 59.50 4.640.476.40 967.39 35.17 106.63 136.22 80.5 4 4.95 328.66 34.562.66 5.25 769.63 1.050.03 335.87 25.135.29 6.75 49.457.184.43 16.91 3.57 49.870.00 44.87 57.10 7.815.29 23.854.445.89 42.01 78.664.95 123.5 9 9.11 1.892.977.335.35 1.50 608.510.43 4.94 59.62 23.20 3.462.5 8 8.619.42 8.29 149.947.198.03 2.16 20.47 9.35 22.79 1.345.54 16.87 9.77 115.59 58.15 174.603.51 34.044.16 384.29 540.95 48.02 770.89 13.521.25 2.43 2.79 98.81 129.39 8.43 6.55 10.79 54.60 2.2665 0.898.49 27.021.246.93 676.09 14.589.66 1.25 67.35 0.48 38.465.996.87 90.51 1.40 436.45 1.608.54 57.23 8.06 .934.574.01 10.819.609.83 2.34 437.966.123.344.17 6.36 1.45 19.05 289.05 26.280.74 57.447.48 4.3 3.30 1.290.53 4.178.91 13.170.83 1.50 ### ### ### 1.45 0.37 3.26 1.80 53.66 67.5 5 5.17 1.421.776.40 2.16 4.93 2.89 16.274.26 22.963.18 110.050.28 2.91 559.74 2.419.33 4.47 88.

13 1.94 0.84 0.92 0.27 1.52717 13.75 0.95906 49.Nominal Diam inch mm 1/4 6 3/8 9 1/2 12 5/8 15 3/4 19 1 25 1 1/4 32 1 1/2 38 2 50 2 1/2 63 3 75 Type K L K L K L K L K L K L K L K L K L M K L M K L M Inside Diameter inch mm 0.26496 32.56 0.24488 31.50512 38.42992 10.39 0.98504 50.23 1.78504 19.84 2.54488 13.74488 18.99488 25.90709 73.4811 37.37 2.46496 62.21 0.40197 10.8 2.42 2.72 .66614 16.30512 7.03 2.62 1.00906 51.9811 75.94488 74.92 0.49488 63.0252 26.85 2.31496 8 0.65197 16.92 0.76 1.61 2.62 1.04 1.43504 61.

0067 0.623 37.6984 0.0022 0.0025 0.7958 2.0006 0.0001 0.0021 0.0006 0.0142 0.0001 0.0914 0.0031 0.0265 0.0561 0.0009 0.0955 0.0044 0.0006 0.1382 0.0000 0.0189 0.3465 0.0500 0.3444 0.2023 0.0410 0.1627 0.1075 0.0002 0.1131 0.1624 0.0002 0.0851 0.0607 0.0023 0.0280 0.0059 0.0172 0.0000 0.2575 0.0087 0.0003 0.0065 0.0070 0.0002 0.0002 0.1271 0.0114 0.273 2 49.3027 0.0005 0.0013 0.4981 0.0075 0.0272 0.0490 0.0074 0.0010 0.0451 0.0000 0.0986 0.0083 0.1421 2.PRESSURE DROP FOR TYPE K COPPER PIPES by using the formula:- Adjust pressure (kg/cm2) Adjust Length (m) Adjust pressure drop (kg/cm2) pper Pipes NOTE! Pressure drops above 1 kg/cm2 (14-15 psi) are in general not relevant.0682 0.5162 2.1936 0.0028 0.4818 0.0094 0.0168 0.0009 0.8204 0.0002 0.0017 0.0212 0.0241 0.4581 0.0060 0.0236 0.0018 0.0000 0.0175 0.0631 0.0035 0.0001 0.9283 1.0019 0.0032 0.0298 0.0003 0.1884 1.2458 0.5855 0.0451 0.0321 0.0254 0.0012 0.0079 0.0724 0.0069 0.0017 0.0007 0.0008 0.0012 0.0537 0.849 (psi) (kg/cm2) (psi) (kg/cm2) (psi) (kg/cm2) (psi) (kg/cm2) 0.0001 0.0840 0.0004 0.0206 0.0125 0.2932 0.2276 0.0001 0.0139 0.0048 0.0667 0.0009 0.6980 0.3875 0.0160 0.7586 2 1/2 61. NPS Pipe Size / Innside diameter (mm) 1 1/4 1 1/2 31.0089 0.0002 0.0003 0.4778 1.0014 0.0020 0.9513 1.0352 0.0402 0.0051 0.0027 .4099 0.0005 0.0111 0.0012 0.0575 0.1337 0.0911 0.0047 0.0338 0.0023 0.0314 0.3297 0.0114 0.0010 0.0032 0.0035 0.3994 0.0043 0.6174 1 25.9178 3.0039 0.0765 0.

2859 0.652.2396 1.8861 1.76 116.40 5.00 1.0186 0.64 1.0491 0.00 62.74 723.0772 0.5972 1.3012 0.212.49 1.1120 0.848.4953 2.8350 3.96 2.18 5.1895 3.1756 2.88 970.4689 5.66 32.31 814.3390 1.23 459.78 478.3902 4.97 1.73 19.285.64 0.63 669.0078 0.09 0.0208 0.87 5.71 127.80 341.70 54.50 24.3307 0.42 2.51 1.62 51.81 1.67 1.76 1.84 49.446.13 2.00 8.47 4.63 87.30 36.0365 0.1921 2.53 6.46 0.1534 0.91 32.80 38.71 0.11 4.61 8.24 25.0282 0.231.6487 2.58 1.02 692.84 740.58 3.91 192.06 538.15 46.37 3.403.96 120.0621 0.028.17 6.72 1.2239 0.24 25.43 4.85 17.75 7.8272 10.35 130.48 1.0939 0.34 41.1285 0.71 1.37 205.80 269.06 0.0596 0.19 10.7889 0.85 62.78 0.63 57.85 1.2149 0.23 37.2667 13.0030 0.15 358.16 311.17 6.02 176.0256 0.73 35.344.13 856.92 12.32 1.6162 0.1769 0.41 27.90 13.8021 0.48 25.77 922.22 7.0760 0.0109 0.67 0.86 15.45 62.569.2721 0.71 21.4633 0.8825 0.120.934.64 7.01 49.22 39.07 0.90 1.38 5.56 162.71 644.42 20.469.06 3.0841 1.81 74.18 0.59 2.52 21.95 50.711.26 23.723.6922 0.58 29.71 0.40 26.32 579.22 20.000.0064 0.38 14.1479 8.125.43 58.56 55.1015 0.270.16 253.1840 9.51 1.49 1.608.83 826.0325 0.05 76.1107 2.77 0.3077 0.1525 0.0485 0.0090 0.38 4.03 8.89 0.48 40.87 95.3.0153 0.95 2.05 5.55 0.64 1.05 0.68 304.49 46.30 387.03 1.1987 0.0052 0.54 1.1019 1.46 0.5239 4.71 86.16 310.005.7001 0.482.26 5.34 0.28 33.522.51 9.99 4.45 76.22 45.8762 2.10 15.22 17.80 12.55 15.22 1.055.35 1.22 310.0165 0.0688 0.23 0.69 ### ### ### ### ### 0.6246 3.01 94.81 225.0191 0.0120 0.0432 0.496.34 316.62 49.3383 0.18 1.83 243.09 18.3944 0.07 15.0553 0.08 9.09 659.39 561.696.78 23.89 435.0276 0.75 84.27 0.46 10.1156 6.48 69.0232 0.345.30 2.5204 0.48 68.22 ### ### ### ### ### 0.80 9.68 13.93 9.336.49 9.16 138.90 1.07 132.290.0127 0.47 3.32 10.36 18.33 42.10 12.72 149.5737 3.600.35 741.466.17 1.86 .9809 1.0232 0.89 2.1709 0.60 29.8045 4.13 4.09 1.32 32.47 569.43 185.1315 0.48 182.0377 0.2974 6.71 226.47 0.04 43.5373 0.73 78.91 4.47 23.054.08 470.02 0.0619 0.39 178.441.9723 4.2236 11.11 0.66 0.59 116.434.80 113.0146 0.95 8.24 2.80 19.2784 0.82 154.0040 0.861.38 366.2188 0.67 3.49 19.53 26.00 281.15 60.0836 0.1749 0.84 2.3132 15.76 0.263.1946 3.2505 0.47 6.18 32.87 420.94 6.37 0.92 32.39 269.36 22.18 458.66 200.69 602.0869 5.0093 0.46 11.31 10.

50512 38.99488 25.04 1.13 1.74488 18.21 0.94488 74.98504 50.39 0.42992 10.42 2.Nominal Diam inch mm 1/4 6 3/8 9 1/2 12 5/8 15 3/4 19 1 25 1 1/4 32 1 1/2 38 2 50 2 1/2 63 3 75 Nominal Diam inch mm 1/4 6 3/8 9 1/2 12 5/8 15 3/4 19 1 25 1 1/4 32 1 1/2 38 2 50 2 1/2 63 3 75 Type K K K K K K K K K K K Type L L L L L L L L L L L Inside Diameter inch mm 0.75 0.56 0.46496 62.65197 16.8 .54488 13.84 Inside Diameter inch mm 0.31496 8 0.92 0.95906 49.30512 7.94 1.24488 31.84 0.4811 37.92 0.23 1.61 2.66614 16.0252 26.43504 61.26496 32.52717 13.92 0.62 1.90709 73.78504 19.85 2.40197 10.62 1.27 1.76 2.

0029 0.0137 0.0017 0.0001 0.0006 0.0003 0.0101 0.0004 0.0000 0.0007 0.0084 0.0003 0.0033 0.0000 0.0016 0.0001 0.9678 (psi) (kg/cm2) (psi) (kg/cm2) (psi) 0.0000 0.0000 0. 2 1/2 61.0006 0.0000 0.8378 4 97.0001 0.0000 0.0001 0.0157 0.0002 0.0008 0.0205 0.0006 0.0000 0.0010 0.0038 0.0009 0.0000 0.0001 0.0332 0.0244 0.0000 0.0002 0.0106 0.0000 0.0000 0.0006 0.0135 0.0029 0.0024 0.0033 0.0038 .0014 0.0057 0.0118 0.0000 0.0000 0.0000 0.0002 0.0010 0.0001 0.0001 0.0015 0.0001 0.0021 0.0002 0.0047 0.0011 0.0069 0.0000 0.0011 0.R PIPES eneral not relevant.0008 0.0003 0.0003 0.0001 0.0381 0.0080 0.0019 0.0005 0.0002 0.0168 0.0000 0.0001 0.0001 0.0056 0.0005 0.0022 0.0002 0.0001 0.0004 0.0000 0.849 3 73.0002 0.0001 0.0003 0.0000 0.0023 0.0287 0.0004 0.0044 0.0012 0.

1645 0.2645 1.63 0.0886 0.54 0.1179 0.73 24.0017 0.87 28.0.64 558.0378 0.0060 0.9438 1.2077 0.0287 0.0096 0.28 15.0058 0.1877 0.3075 0.72 0.93 4.0019 0.0419 0.0777 0.1114 0.74 322.0662 0.2659 0.0633 0.0856 0.3473 2.0548 0.42 0.1509 0.1886 3.8877 2.3306 0.28 63.49 7.0555 0.82 14.0154 0.6818 2.70 18.1329 0.0853 0.61 0.9025 1.41 11.0133 0.67 11.22 102.1818 0.48 0.3508 0.0011 0.75 0.0298 0.35 10.1657 0.0027 0.0304 0.82 78.52 119.74 2.0004 0.65 459.06 152.32 274.1323 0.2856 1.0102 0.0367 0.1507 0.96 37.0068 0.1118 2.48 6.54 154.2280 0.0045 0.2720 0.22 6.0017 0.0157 0.74 369.0208 0.8525 6.54 21.42 0.60 3.0366 0.0086 0.0106 0.5585 5.89 7.8808 4.0026 0.4090 0.0009 0.8506 1.3195 0.0738 0.1453 0.6753 1.53 230.0023 0.65 10.5236 0.41 25.0917 0.07 46.0785 5.03 2.0052 0.37 0.10 56.89 89.6772 3.1480 0.4484 2.5972 0.0332 0.1227 0.0460 0.0116 0.0043 0.0013 0.0216 0.0003 0.0112 0.1562 0.49 .0074 0.1174 0.0032 0.1087 1.50 0.0238 0.0665 4.56 666.68 13.83 42.62 0.0182 0.68 5.0246 0.0021 0.1363 0.2534 3.0456 0.14 19.0005 0.0021 0.26 22.72 1.28 16.06 6.1531 2.27 8.26 782.0077 0.09 1.09 288.4018 0.2360 0.0973 0.6511 0.1034 0.0060 0.77 28.0038 0.70 16.0403 0.68 0.05 12.04 10.1999 0.0237 0.0901 0.2195 0.0006 0.1096 0.29 6.2974 0.0013 0.7913 0.96 4.0433 0.42 189.4745 1.0092 0.3654 0.23 3.06 23.68 9.5942 2.0008 0.0644 0.1811 0.02 66.94 217.0028 0.44 60.76 8.53 2.0179 0.0747 0.0015 0.0576 0.89 9.82 1.0267 0.82 21.

.

8893 6.44 14.12 2.70 28.8 0.2268 0.27 16.2820 0.4 1.27 130.63 63.96 5.6 0.1082 0.267 (psi)Adjust pressure (kg/cm2) (ft) Adjust Length (m) (psi) Adjust pressure drop (kg/cm2) Pressure Drop For Type L Copper Pipes Volume Flow FAD 1/2 13.54 N .0691 0.2356 4.5893 0.63 231.73 12.5 4 4 7 11 14 18 21 25 28 32 35 42 49 56 64 71 78 85 92 99 106 124 141 0.92 109.02 24.COMPRESSED AIR PRESSU The pressure drop in compressed air steel schedule 40 lines can be calculated by us dp = 7.66 9.5274 3.36 307.85 (L) (104) / (d)5 (p) Where:dp = pressure drop (kg/cm2) q = air volume flow (m3/min) L = length of pipe (m) d = inside diameter of pipe (mm) p = initial pressure (kg/cm2) Initial Pressure Length 7.7812 15.62 3.3 0.2 2.00918 (kg/cm2) 100.0166 1.57 (q)1.5435 3.5044 17.06 24.63 21.1 0.61 0.08 Max.6386 0.1772 0.4082 11.98 3.3900 0.49 72.2 1.0951 0.22 21.11 177.47 56.45 0.31 42.9 1 1.2680 5.8506 9.8975 1.75 2.41 1.34 153.14 10.2 0.6 2.5644 8.843 3/4 19.5 0.0000 100 (m) 328.10 1.939 (m3/min) (cfm) (kg/cm2) (psi) (kg/cm2) (psi) 0.30 7.9003 2.47 1.32 49.57 27.7 0.0369 0.3562 1.73 2.6 1.24 1.0048 0.3427 0.0300 0.8258 1.4 2.93 0.64 32.01 2.71 393.55 203.4 0.8176 1.48 4.0175 0.32 89.2490 0.30 2. Pressure Drop 1 (kg/cm2) 14.1113 11.2291 0.6645 14.8 2 2.4802 0.8 3 3.67 20.5271 0.0629 0.1332 0.85 37.07 6.94 30.4282 1.0234 4.

148.16 1.86 33.799.67 1.34 20.14 112.136.5 7 7.56 3.93 42.02 47.93 12.109.05 967.222.33 41.05 318.96 19.20 8.00 178.90 4.266.883.524.74 3.4.413.96 22.79 77.755.216.05 89.21 151.64 2.41 318.5 9 9.06 17.485.29 229.735.108.523.06 24.10 11.16 185.86 .543.80 9.321.64 4.35 123.5 6 6.46 132.87 1.888.58 16.260.86 1.30 1.34 8.03 9.53 134.70 827.01 ### ### ### ### ### ### 489.665.164.005.420.141.30 392.75 88.04 834.03 1.004.55 6.544.65 1.45 133.84 595.44 568.79 150.25 284.953.356.41 51.918.92 68.74 2.62 22.87 1.46 9.47 6.460.25 10.45 542.689.754.11 887.25 16.469.91 78.513.06 476.992.05 14.98 11.57 88.19 ### ### ### ### ### ### ### 5.54 111.636.89 58.588.386.28 315.01 114.25 187.13 81.22 13.44 674.378.77 58.046.646.797.75 22.562.38 1.18 246.38 7.559.951.045.46 67.531.43 10.49 17.033.23 819.19 12.15 248.01 96.07 256.81 1.97 50.504.214.5 10 15 20 25 30 35 40 45 50 55 60 65 70 75 80 85 90 95 100 150 200 250 300 350 400 450 500 550 600 159 177 194 212 229 247 265 282 300 318 335 353 530 706 883 1059 1236 1412 1589 1765 1942 2118 2295 2471 2648 2824 3001 3177 3354 3530 5295 7060 8825 10590 12355 14120 15885 17650 19415 21180 34.29 4.253.783.667.37 87.59 574.5 8 8.26 51.109.73 1.13 732.53 156.34 1.27 395.881.885.008.83 7.271.717.01 138.64 2.259.55 16.80 346.765.75 7.75 79.498.140.92 481.145.53 2.729.74 4.72 49.430.286.526.391.338.54 6.77 136.54 14.233.138.31 667.37 5.56 1.28 1.64 18.26 710.014.191.641.165.78 59.38 6.254.29 100.21 40.46 27.684.58 125.677.247.18 5.28 321.954.89 21.93 203.73 8.56 774.5 5 5.07 1.504.762.85 1.537.469.648.12 1.53 547.274.04 24.79 38.593.23 22.34 99.03 9.91 27.435.044.83 314.24 34.91 3.

3883 0.0182 0.5067 7.0087 0.0194 0.6540 9.0936 0.0226 3.3255 0.0347 0.9347 2.5600 0.0017 0.3702 0.0167 0.419 (kg/cm2) (psi) (kg/cm2) (psi) (kg/cm2) (psi) (kg/cm2) 0.5453 8.4503 0.0024 0.6066 0.0467 0.6805 0.3347 1.0062 0.0477 0.0668 0.2119 0.1265 0.2407 0.0734 1.0051 0.2154 0.1847 0.1683 0.2726 2.0007 0.1249 0.9535 1.0004 0.0046 0.0732 3.0014 0.0903 0.0485 0.0098 0.6354 3.1356 0.0524 0.3518 0.6220 1.0442 0.0097 0.0068 0.8117 0.0598 0.0588 0.0351 0.035 2 50.1749 0.0665 Kpa Bar = 100 Kpa Bar = 14.8525 1.6439 5.0004 0.0064 0.1010 0.8049 2.1719 0.4098 0.2679 0.4499 0.8472 0.0006 0.0027 0.0253 0.0033 0.0826 0.1553 0.0260 0.5393 6.4531 0.5289 0.1888 0.22334 Psi essure (kg/cm2) Length (m) sure drop (kg/cm2) Type L Copper Pipes NOTE! Pressure drops above 1 kg/cm2 (14-15 psi) are in general NPS Pipe Size / Innside diameter (mm) 1 1/4 1 1/2 32.8214 4.0088 0.0316 0.0119 0.0743 0.8321 13.4341 4.0166 0.0027 0.0132 0.17 0.0752 0.0392 0.3201 0.0656 0.5 Psi 1 Kg / cm2 = 14.0096 0.6892 0.2645 0.1389 0.0569 0.0009 0.4005 3.1248 0.9166 1.1137 0.9162 2.0143 0.5007 0.0058 0.1343 0.0250 0.4561 0.74 0.227 1 26.1056 1.0247 0.2326 0.0022 0.0600 1.0204 0.0431 .0013 0.2365 0.0002 0.0016 0.0002 0.0767 16.6659 0.6304 0.0775 0.0046 0.0123 0.0079 0.0209 0.0000 0.131 38.1593 0.0229 0.0734 0.2882 1.D AIR PRESSURE DROP FOR TYPE L COPPER P 40 lines can be calculated by using the formula:- Note: 1 Kg / cm2 = 98.3573 0.0185 0.0336 0.8384 1.0109 0.0163 0.0976 0.0223 0.2681 1.2978 0.0034 0.0013 0.5674 5.0315 0.0889 0.0037 0.4407 1.

98 7.94 43.44 1.0912 0.1743 72.14 18.76 1.79 64.0062 1.43 71.35 2.5096 0.11 16.66 29.13 .48 2.67 6.23 4.41 35.59 10.10 1.2134 0.58 4.06 29.37 3.1534 13.76 10.53 23.14 13.451.89 83.603.48 2.97 4.0305 2.32 1.38 411.3640 0.305.2930 48.7070 21.77 2.18 49.99 3.1931 0.2347 0.909.70 92.855.18 1.01 130.12 2.44 114.604.47 326.8356 10.47 335.30 1.50 860.39 239.09 54.4775 1.37 1.8677 1.1213 0.29 8.8460 1.153.01 7.904.32 22.51 746.50 126.80 3.8932 10.886.77 29.1737 0.48 5.35 1.67 15.42 313.80 8.39 13.282.17 23.66 1.312.99 1.53 149.46 7.08 700.3099 0.891.12 323.5393 12.16 12.17 3.77 299.6528 1.274.78 9.4969 0.6934 0.46 7.0536 0.38 778.74 52.10 47.272.324.3632 28.185.2598 0.881.91 268.56 452.16 457.348.2113 28.669.283.34 413.24 81.83 173.82 48.25 389.05 361.79 860.220.89 34.774.37 65.39 21.14 12.0793 23.95 262.89 2.44 41.05 12.94 25.85 0.30 13.9831 3.28 38.51 12.9687 31.81 6.3766 5.593.2783 1.40 946.465.702.08 43.054.52 62.4216 5.554.49 8.016.04 555.8522 67.03 367.17 59.1.206.46 1.1541 1.06 143.492.8519 0.4222 0.509.30 ### ### ### ### 0.0651 0.3822 3.94 4.9078 7.9966 12.50 6.410.83 104.2138 0.22 506.73 625.30 30.136.70 426.8435 9.30 2.46 20.7911 2.211.669.1939 6.88 3.73 8.52 958.56 60.00 135.046.61 35.73 175.2326 4.3112 1.7387 0.6199 0.169.12 876.35 67.62 36.16 17.07 103.40 44.61 626.42 1.17 15.69 17.57 60.01 36.65 215.61 5.337.30 61.8483 8.72 4.5811 26.07 3.8372 2.791.871.79 102.66 173.62 2.72 1.95 233.254.26 5.821.165.456.64 ### ### ### ### ### 0.73 5.82 25.89 90.103.15 9.02 372.67 215.59 9.95 514.89 83.12 673.04 2.38 489.36 4.0228 6.75 4.30 125.6193 0.78 696.0776 0.779.631.76 496.82 2.51 243.4842 0.21 2.64 569.14 861.7923 4.9367 1.08 328.31 140.5501 0.60 117.05 334.3559 16.88 49.002.312.04 22.0498 3.538.04 34.80 168.31 66.67 5.7068 4.1378 0.17 35.4654 18.20 193.14 53.050.0504 3.74 5.1058 0.129.76 ### ### ### ### 3.06 925.08 2.440.51 75.94 91.92 265.277.84 52.99 12.473.86 3.7708 0.10 7.78 5.790.600.453.30 3.88 203.2708 8.75 158.05 82.3800 14.1553 0.

0001 0.0008 0.0224 0.0051 0.0004 0.0011 0.0001 0.0000 0.0855 0.0809 0.0060 0.0007 0.0184 0.0007 0.0017 0.2770 0.0000 0.0030 0.1403 0.0033 0.0001 0.6146 0.0005 0.0298 0.0160 0.0502 0.0092 0.0001 0.0668 0.0000 0.0086 0.0038 0.0157 0.0011 0.0003 0.0123 0.0006 0.0000 0.0007 0.0012 0.1222 0.0000 0.0114 0.0663 0.0014 0.0009 0.0018 0.0006 0.0163 0.0044 0.0026 0.0011 0.3177 0.0001 0.0003 0.0001 0.0027 0.419 2 1/2 62.0382 0.0003 0.0123 0.0385 0.0075 0.0002 0.0001 0.0058 0.4801 0.0442 0.0000 0.0083 0.0021 0.0000 0.0002 0.0029 0.0066 0.0475 0.0002 0.0106 0.0094 0.0002 0.0938 0.0013 0.0131 0.0008 0.0209 .0066 0.0006 0.2389 0.0881 0.0000 0.0473 0.0027 0.0389 0.0237 0.0001 0.0015 0.0000 0.0009 0.0020 0.0001 0.1128 0.0195 0.0031 0.0044 0.0035 0.0057 0.0006 0.0577 0.0244 0.1705 0.0004 0.0689 0.2081 0.0003 0.0040 0.0047 0.187 (psi) (kg/cm2) (psi) (kg/cm2) (psi) (kg/cm2) (psi) 0.1076 0.2034 0.0009 0.0069 0.0016 0.0002 0.0108 0.0034 0.611 3 74.0004 0.0002 0.0062 0.0313 0.0000 0.0003 0.0332 0.0081 0.0007 0.0048 0.0000 0.0023 0.0048 0.0283 0.0003 0.0008 0.0001 0.COPPER PIPES 5 psi) are in general not relevant.0054 0. 2 50.0146 0.0005 0.0016 0.3610 0.0132 0.0024 0.0004 0.0011 0.1626 0.803 4 99.0087 0.0022 0.0017 0.0002 0.

3833 0.0697 18.3751 0.830.4786 2.8393 0.78 154.9329 1.62 251.0841 0.5605 1.9663 2.83 854.552.57 237.0072 0.28 30.3311 0.0315 0.4236 0.1682 0.6791 2.9554 6.0326 0.3731 0.2157 2.93 289.61 814.6065 0.84 0.1035 0.0018 0.11 11.1947 1.8158 14.4113 27.48 131.4004 4.6533 11.0449 3.0327 1.2842 1.39 54.3211 22.91 20.77 1.63 5.4658 0.0263 0.4174 0.5550 4.3082 0.1136 0.0220 0.1177 0.11 3.1019 2.0127 0.1337 2.1810 0.5112 54.0.72 7.12 5.3160 8.0053 0.47 195.0715 4.5570 31.34 .68 334.4767 1.2735 0.0809 0.291.59 17.0526 0.9287 1.2191 0.05 215.0871 6.1778 0.6411 0.7647 0.0022 0.5295 1.0417 1.1865 2.3314 0.4406 0.1759 8.04 37.9861 1.1866 0.83 122.5090 1.6256 4.1078 1.21 15.406.2408 0.4243 0.2541 0.59 0.3040 3.3036 5.97 188.0259 0.45 0.0434 0.1649 4.9736 69.51 0.0192 0.0752 0.62 5.11 73.0326 3.9081 3.16 1.87 179.7230 4.0443 ### ### ### ### 81.43 221.08 1.208.1033 0.22 612.0242 0.86 175.0358 0.521.5089 14.6190 0.5543 33.52 139.297.3112 4.4640 0.0108 0.91 110.080.0691 0.6658 0.0723 0.39 907.53 532.3236 5.1380 53.0512 0.03 1.75 78.05 73.0059 0.3013 1.5861 0.1063 0.5276 0.8362 2.0066 0.1541 0.1292 0.64 23.00 157.2406 0.5638 1.54 130.33 9.02 501.5128 0.2865 0.0031 0.880.0411 0.1564 0.1341 29.0287 0.9019 2.12 106.0654 0.3574 1.6197 7.89 8.7339 18.4096 0.0608 0.86 647.20 156.4200 66.2640 26.0531 7.043.0041 0.0587 0.0309 0.36 3.5372 3.3448 0.1287 0.34 437.3145 0.0269 0.5355 2.11 90.1535 1.33 12.81 118.0376 0.9103 12.14 63.0091 0.8614 2.94 57.35 45.0450 19.0147 0.8067 1.1159 59.3480 7.654.43 92.1938 2.29 0.7307 1.9885 32.0588 0.0297 0.3655 21.2099 0.4329 0.0886 12.576.8214 24.0216 0.809.9872 43.65 42.79 0.5268 9.0311 1.1741 41.46 30.2915 0.1952 36.1266 3.0169 0.7110 1.11 2.07 13.1466 10.0047 0.8983 1.30 4.0181 0.8613 17.7642 0.0169 0.5110 0.66 104.26 169.09 2.7244 5.7503 0.17 1.7282 6.4896 47.63 11.15 6.1583 4.2314 2.0036 0.8673 1.1045 65.47 1.00 80.0075 0.6617 3.0667 0.0026 0.2588 0.0467 0.0442 0.0795 0.7551 3.2492 0.73 428.2381 25.0935 0.0080 0.53 772.

00 7.15 383.26 2.00 900.18 1.15 343.00 300.00 500.0667 0.77 2.30 ### 33.15 313.6667 83.00 400.0710 0.53 4.3333 50.00 700. m/s di = Pipe inside diameter.71 5.00 6.00 200.15 353. Qg .1000 0.12 4.00 0.00 Volume Flow Rate (m3/hr) (m3/min) (cfm) L/min 8.77 2.0000 33.00 8.3333 50.00 6.00 600.Vg = 131 Z .35 2.00 9.00 600. P) Vg = Compressed air velocity.00 8.00 4.00 400.0833 0.53 4.1500 5.00 3.52 2.1420 0.15 333.00 4.15 313. T / (di2 .00 5. Kp Z = Compressed air compressibility = 1 COMPR Operating Operating Temperature.00 9.00 7.01 1.00 900.15 Volume Flow Rate Operating Kpa 100.0500 0.15 333.15 363.00 200.15 323.00 3.30 71.15 373.15 363.94 3. Pressure.1333 0.0833 0. K 303.15 323. Pressure.0000 66.35 2.00 300.15 373.3333 ### ### ### ### .0500 0.1000 0. m T = Compressed air operating temperature.15 383.51 1.00 800.15 343.1167 0.00 (m3/hr) (m3/min) (cfm) L/min 4.12 4.0333 0.15 353.00 5.3333 ### ### ### ### COMPR Operating Temperature.00 800.0000 66.6667 83.1333 0. P = Compressed air operating pressure.15 Kpa 100.00 0.1500 2.94 3.18 1.0333 0.71 5. K 303.00 700. mm Qg = Compressed air flow rate.00 500.0667 0.1167 0.

46 3.923 m/s 32.94 fps 106.03 fps 13.73 8.7015 1/2 13. P) BS EN ISO 13703:2001 velocity.49 12.21 7.16 + 0C) operating pressure.51 m/s 9.10 13.0588 3/8 10.48 COMPRESSED AIR VELOCITY FOR TYPE L COPP NPS P 1/4 8 m/s fps 26.96 7.4098 21. mm r flow rate.96 3.3333 ### 6.19 3.14 fps 28.29 m/s 8.39 4.37 1.4081 8.4337 86.939 m/s 14.55 11.69 15.37 4.26 1.1386 26.45 2.38 2. m/s meter.76 4.6379 25.92 1/2 13. Kpa r compressibility = 1 COMPRESSED AIR VELOCITY FOR TYPE K COPP NPS P 1/4 3/8 10..0295 7.29 fps 61.23 4.88 2.55 8.8300 22.95 7.45 1.83 2.02 m/s 4. T / (di2 .00 3.75 m/s fps 56. 0K (0K = 273.3858 3/4 18.7248 6.843 3/4 19. m3/h operating temperature.95 1.91 m/s 18.44 fps 46.03 .15 fps 31.

64 0.65 0.88 0.6174 2 49.80 0.11 0.16 fps 2.19 1.77 2.72 2.47 1.30 0.5 Psi TYPE K COPPER PIPES IN m/sec NPS Pipe Size / Innside diameter (mm) 1 25.38 0.35 m/s 2.29 fps 7.60 0.64 fps 17.50 0.611 m/s 2.17 fps 4.37 0.63 0.227 2 50.10 1.623 1 1/2 37.18 0.51 0.19 0.67 0.37 0.20 0.49 1.43 0.99 m/s 1.54 m/s 0.131 38.13 TYPE L COPPER PIPES IN m/sec NPS Pipe Size / Innside diameter (mm) 1 1 1/4 1 1/2 26.55 0.40 fps 5.33 1.10 0.12 .38 1.849 m/s 5.95 m/s 1.38 2.7586 2 1/2 61.84 0.13 0.53 m/s 0.41 fps 11.30 m/s 1.16 0.419 2 1/2 62.35 1.10 0.92 m/s 0.48 0.Note: Bar = 100000 Paa = 14.39 0.28 fps 3.273 1 1/4 31.035 32.11 m/s 3.61 fps 8.

09 0.05 0.16 0.05 0.14 0.34 m/s 0.04 0.08 fps 2.41 0.611 3 74.17 2 1/2 62.29 0.803 4 99.07 fps 0.42 0.24 m/s 0.62 0.99 0.8378 4 97.35 m/s 0.04 fps 0.14 0.56 0.9678 fps 2.90 0.29 0.187 fps 1.25 m/s 0.16 .42 0.849 3 73.17 0.35 0.30 0.09 0.2 1/2 61.04 fps 1.

f .6 : 0.53 1. Excessive noise may result from restrictio control valves. a wall monitoring method should be instituted. The design of any piping system where corrosion inhibition is expected to be utilized sh installation of additional wall thickness in piping design and/or reduction of velocity to l to reduce the effect of stripping inhibitor film from the pipe wall. or from velocities exceeding 25 m/s. however. Z.5189 Carbon monoxide.1044 Pressure drop equation:- (P1)2 – (P2)2 = 6 X 104 [(dg. the velocity of not be interpreted as an absolute criteria.7 Nitric oxide (NO) 1.9667 Natural gas (typical) 0. In such systems.Sizing considerations: General:- Single-phase gas lines should be sized so that the resulting end pressure is high enoug requirements of the next piece of equipment.9669 N2 (Atmospheric) 0.9723 Nitrous oxide (N2O) O2 1. GAS Specific Gravity (dg) Air 1 Carbon Dioxide (CO2 1. qg. C 0.Sizing criteria for single-ph 1. Higher velocities are acceptable if pipe routing and placement are done to minimize or isolate noise. T1 .037 N2 (Pure) 0.L) ÷ (di)5] ----------------------------------------------------------- . orifices etc.

expressed in Kelvin (K). expressed in meters per second (m/s). (K = 0C + 273. expressed in millimeters (mm). expressed in kilopascals [kPa (abs)]. expressed in Kelvin (K). di is the pipe inside diameter. L is the length. . expressed in cubic meters per hour (m 3/h) at normal c T is the operating temperature. qg is the gas flow rate. Z is the gas compressibility factor (see [11] for further information).15) p is the operating pressure. expressed in cubic meters per hour (m 3/h) at normal conditi Z is the compressibility factor for gas (see [11] for further information). expressed in meters (m). di is the pipe inside diameter. dimensionless (refer to Figure 3).where P1 is the upstream pressure.15) f is the Moody friction factor. expressed in millimeters (mm). Velocity equation:Gas velocities may be calculated using the following derived equation: where:vg is the gas velocity. dimensionless. qg is the gas flow rate. P2 is the downstream pressure. dg is the gas relative density (air = 1). expressed in kilopascals [kPa (abs)]. expressed in kilopascals [kPa (abs)]. T1 is the flowing temperature. (K = 0C + 273.

General pressure drop equation: .2.

expressed in metres (m). Rearranging equation (6) and solving for qg: An approximation of equation (6) can be made when the change in pressu If this is true.0). T1 is the flowing temperature. dimensionless. expressed in millimetres (mm). dg is the gas relative density (air = 1. expressed in kilopascals [kPa (abs)]. expressed in kilopascals [kPa (abs)]. dimensionless (refer to Figure 3). f is the Moody friction factor. p2 is the downstream pressure. expressed in kelvin (K). the assumption can be made: Substituting in equation (6): . di is the pipe inside diameter.where p1 is the upstream pressure. qg is the gas flow rate. L is the length. expressed in cubic metres per hour (m3/h) at norm Z is the compressibility factor for gas (see [11] for further information).

(6) . the velocity of 25 m/s should ptable if pipe routing. a wall thickness --------------------------------------------. valve choice cted to be utilized shall consider the ction of velocity to less than 15 m/s such systems.ngle-phase gas lines ssure is high enough to satisfy the result from restrictions such as wever.

15) ur (m 3/h) at normal conditions.15) ormation). K = 0C + 273. + 273. BS EN ISO 13703 ./h) at normal conditions.

.

change in pressure is less than 10 % of the inlet pressure. . [kPa (abs)].Pa (abs)]. ur (m3/h) at normal conditions. er information).