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TENSES

Pengertian Simple Past Tense
Simple past tense adalah suatu bentuk kata kerja sederhana untuk menunjukkan
bahwa suatu kejadian terjadi di masa lampau. Pada simple past tense, waktu
kejadian (yesterday, last two days, last year) atau periode waktunya (for two months, for
a day, for an hour) dapat disebutkan secara spesifik.
Simple past tense juga dapat digunakan untuk membentuk conditional sentence tipe
2.
Lihat juga:

Used to, Would, Past Simple

Simple Present Tense

Simple Future Tense

Past Perfect Tense

Rumus Simple Past Tense
Simple past tense dibentuk dari verb-2 (past tense) atau linking verb “be” (was,
were). Apa itu verb-2? Verb-2 merupakan bare infinitive (bentuk dasar verb)
dengan tambahan -ed, -en, -d, -t, -n, atau -ne untuk regular verb atau bentuk yang
tidak konsisten pada irregular verb. [Baca juga: Regular dan Irregular Verb]
Was yang merupakan singular verb digunakan pada singular
subject (seperti: I, she, he, it, Andi, dan the cat) kecuali “you”,
sebaliknya were yang merupakan plural verb digunakan padaplural
subject (seperti: you, they, we, Andi and Susi, dan the cats). [Baca
juga: Subject-Verb Agreement]
Berikut rumus simple past tense untuk kalimat positif, negatif, dan interogatif.
Jenis Kalimat

Rumus

Contoh Simple Past Tense
The teacher came

positif (+)
negatif (-)

S + Verb-2 (past tense)
S + be(was/were)

I was a stamp collector

S + did + not + bare infinitive

The teacher didn’t come

Simple past tense untuk membicarakan kebiasaan pada masa lampau.S + be(was/were) + not I wasn’t a stamp collector Did the teacher come interogatif (?) Did + S + bare infinitive be(was/were) + S Was I a stamp collector Beberapa Fungsi dan Contoh Kalimat Simple Past Tense Fungsi Contoh kalimat Simple Past Tense Vina and I went to the Ragunan zoo three months ago. Subordinate conjunction “when” biasa nya digunakan pada situasi ini. (Saya sedang membaca jurnal di perpustakaan ketika seseorang bersendawa keras. saya selalu bangun jam 4 pagi untuk belajar.) Did he come on time yesterday? (Apakah dia datang tepat waktu kemarin?) Simple past tense untuk membicarakan aksi yang terjadi dengan durasi waktu tertentu di masa lampau.00 a. (Saya sering berlatih di gym ketika tinggal di Bandung. (Saya dan Vina pergi Ragunan tiga bulan lalu. (Saya belajar teknik sipil selama hampir 4 tahun. . Preposition “for” dapat digunakan untuk menyatakan periode waktu kejadian.m. I was reading a journal in the library when someoneburped out loud.) Untuk menunjukkan bahwa ada aksi berdurasi pendek (simple past tense) yang terjadi ketika suatu aksi berdurasi panjang (past continuous tense) sedang berlangsung. The party started at 10.) When I was a senior high school student. I always got upat 4 am to study.) Did you sleep enough last night? (Apa kamu cukup tidur semalam?) I studied civil engineering for almost 4 years. (Ketika saya sma.) Untuk menunjukkan bahwa suatu aksi (simple I had already finished my breakfast when he picked meup.) I often did exercises in the gym when I lived in Bandung. (Pesta mulai jam sepuluh pagi.

Bagaimana dengan intransitive verb? Kalimat dengan intransitive verb mungkin dapat dipasifkan jika memiliki prepositional phrase (lihat: Passive Voice pada Intransitive . (Saya telah selesai sarapan ketika dia menjemput. Lihat juga:  Passive Voice – Simple Present Tense  Passive Voice – Simple Future Tense  Passive Voice – Past Perfect Tense  Passive Voice – Past Continuous Tense  Get-Passive  Short Passive (Agentless Passive)  Passive pada Tenses. dan Gerund  Passive pada Intransitive Verb (Prepositional Passive) Subject pada passive voice merupakan object pada active voice dengan was untuksubject tunggal.) If she studied hard. (Saya akan membeli mobil sport jika punya uang banyak. dia akan lulus. Adapun agent pada passive voicemerupakan subject pada active voice. she would be pass. (Jika dia belajar keras.) Simple past tense digunakan padaconditional sentence type 2.) Rumus Passive Voice – Simple Past Tense Passive voice dalam simple past tense dibentuk oleh auxiliary verb was/were dan past participle. Berikut rumus passive voice dalam simple past tense: Active Voice S + verb-2 + direct object Passive Voice S (direct object) + was/were + past participle +/. sedangkan were untuk subject jamak.by … (agent) Rumus di atas berlaku untuk transitive verb. I would buy a sport car if I had much money. Infinitive.past tense) langsung mengikuti aksi yang telah selesai (past perfect tense).

(Surat tersebut ditinggalkan ketika dia jauhd ari mejanya.) 3 Tio ate sardines and rice for dinner.) The first book was printed in 2005 by Sunmark Press.) 2 Someone left the letter when he was away from his desk. namun pada simple past tense dengan verb-2 selain be perlu . (Kesehatan mental baru saja dibicarakan oleh mereka. (Sunmark Press mencetak buku pertama tersebut pada tahun 2005. (Sardin dan nasi dimakan untuk makan malam oleh Tio.Verb). (Mereka baru saja membicarakan tentang kesehatan mental. my father stayed at the hotel.) 4 They just talked about mental health.) The letter was left when he was away from his desk.) 5 Yesterday. (Buku pertama tersebut dicetak pada tahun 2005 oleh Sunmark Press. (Tio makan sardin dan nasi untuk makan malam. Pada simple past tense dengan be.) Sardines and rice were eaten for dinner by Tio. Active Voice Passive Voice 1 Sunmark Press printed the first book in 2005.) Yesterday. the hotel was stayed at by my father. (Seseorang meninggalkan surat tersebut ketika dia jauh dari mejanya. (Kemarin hotel tersebut ditinggali oleh ayah saya. (Kemarin ayah saya tinggal di hotel tersebut. yes-no question dapat langsung dibuat dengan menukar posisi subject of verb (S) danbe.by … (agent) Contoh Kalimat Passive Voice – Simple Past Tense No .) Mental health was just talked by them. Active Voice S + verb-2int + preposition + object of preposition Passive Voice S (object of preposition) + was/were + past participle + preposition +/. Subject pada passive voice merupakanobject of preposition pada active voice.) Rumus Yes-No Question Simple Past Tense Kalimat positive simple past tense dapat menggunakan linking verb “be” (was/were) atau dengan verb-2 selain be sebagai kata kerjanya.

penambahandummy auxiliary verb “did” dan verb-2 berubah menjadi bare infinitive (base form).direct object Did + S + bare infinitive +/direct object S + be (was/were) + subject complement (noun/adjective/ …) Be (was/were) + S + subject complement (noun/adjective/ …) Catatan:  was untuk subject “I” dan third person singular (Vera. he. Were those students late this morning? (Apakah siswa-siswa itu terlambat tadi 4 .) Was I shy? (Apakah saya dulu pemalu?) Those students were late this morning. (Dia datang ke rumah saya kemarin. (Saya dulu pemalu.) Did she come to my house yesterday? (Apakah dia datang ke rumah saya kemarin?) 2 They bought some snacks. we. it)  were untuk “you” dan plural subject (Vera and her mother.) Did they buy some snacks? (Apakah mereka membeli beberapa makanan ringan?) 3 I was shy. mother. they) Contoh Kalimat Yes-No Question Simple Past Tense No Kalimat Positif Yes-No Question 1 She came to my house yesterday. Lihat juga:  Yes-No Question Simple Present Tense  Yes-No Question Past Perfect Tense  Yes-No Question Past Continuous Tense  Yes-No Question Berbagai Tense Kalimat Positive Yes-No Question S + verb-2 +/. she. (Mereka membeli beberapa makanan ringan.

whose. Did she/he/it miss the point of the story?   Yes. No. No. they did. Was she/he/it here before?   Yes. Was I here before? Were we here before? Rumus Wh. No. No. I was. they were.Question dengan Simple Past Tense Berikut beberapa rumus wh. they weren’t. No. I didn’t. she/he/it was. she/he/it wan’t. when. you were. Were you here before?   Yes. I wasn’t. Were they here before?   Yes. No. atau -ne untuk regular verb atau bentuk yang tidak konsisten pada irregular verb). where. -n. -d. you did. -t. No. you didn’t. who. they didn’t. you weren’t.(Siswa-siswa itu terlambat tadi pagi. why. atau how) dengan simple past tense menggunakan kata kerja berupa linking verb “be” (was/were) atau verb-2 (bare infinitive + ed. I did. which. she/he/it did. No.question (pertanyaan yang dimulai denganwhat. Did I/we miss the point of the story?   Yes. Did they miss the point of the story?   Yes. -en. Kalimat Positif (+) Fungsi Kalimat Interogatif (?) .) pagi?) Short Answer Response Simple Past Tense YES-NO QUESTION   SHORT ANSWER RESPONSE   Yes. she/he/it didn’t Did you miss the point of the story?   Yes.

(Anak-anak disini sepuluh menit lalu.S + be S + verb-2 menanyakansub ject Who/What + be(was/were) Whose/Which + noun + be(was/were) menanyakanad verb When/Where/Why + be(was/were) + S How + adverb(much/far/…) + be(was/were) + S menanyakansub ject Who/What + V2 Whose/Which + noun + V2 menanyakan ob ject Who/What + did + S + bare infinitive ? Whose/Which + noun + did + S + bare infinitive menanyakanad verb When/Where/Why + did + S + bare infinitive How + adverb(long/slowly/…) + did + S + bare infinitive Contoh Kalimat Wh.) This book was popular when we were a child.Question Who were here ten minutes ago? (Siapa yang disini sepuluh menit lalu?) When were the children here? (Kapan anak-anak disini?) The children were here ten minutes ago.) menanyakan adverb menanyakan subject Where were the children ten minutes ago? (Dimana anak-anak sepuluh menit lalu?) Which book was populer when we were a child? (Buku mana yang populer ketika kita kecil?) . (Buku ini populer ketika kita kecil.Question dengan Simple Past Tense Contoh Kalimat (+) Fungsi menanyakan subject Contoh Wh.

) She received ten calls after sending resume. (Dia meminjam mobil temannya selama beberapa minggu.) menanyakanadverb How well did the new administrative assistant work yesterday? (Seberapa baik asisiten administrasi baru bekerja kemarin?) menanyakansubject Who did receive ten calls after sending resume? (Siapa yang mendapat sepuluh panggilan setelah mengirim resume?) menanyakanobject What did she receive after sending resume? (Apa yang dia terima setelah mengirimkan resume?) menanyakanobject(poss essive) Whose car did he borrow for several weeks? (Mobil siapa yang dia pinjam selama beberapa minggu?) 10 Soal Simple Past Tense Pilihan Ganda . (Dia menerima sepuluh panggilan setelah mengirimkan resume.menanyakanadverb When was this book popular? (Kapan buku ini populer?) menanyakansubject Who did work well enough yesterday? (Siapa yang bekerja cukup baik kemarin?) When did the new administrative assistant work well enough? (Kapan asisten administrasi baru bekerja dengan cukup baik?) The new administrative assistantworked well enough yesterday.) He borrowed his friend’s car for several weeks. (Asisten administrasi baru bekerja cukup baik kemarin.

 followed .  lived  live 8.  called  was calling 3. It wasn’t her who … money from your wallet. The woman had already left when her friends …  come  came 4.   2. 1.  took  takes 9. The businessman … the sales contract two days ago. How did you … your last weekend?  spent  spend 10. Did the tour participants … the sunrise this morning?  see  saw 6.  backs out of  backed out of 7. They made mistakes because they didn’t … the guidelines. I sometimes … my head under the water when I swam in the ocean. The family … in poverty for two decades. You … regret if you joined the community. put puts He was sleeping when you … him last night.  wouldn’t  won’t 5.Pilihlah salah satu jawaban untuk melengkapi kalimat di bawah ini.

wouldn’t | Simple past tense digunakan pada conditional sentence type 2. called | Simple past tense untuk menunjukkan bahwa ada aksi berdurasi pendek yang terjadi ketika aksi berdurasi panjang (past continuous tense “was sleeping”) sedang berlangsung. 1. backed out of | “Two days ago” merupakan time signal untuk tense ini. put | Simple past tense digunakan untuk menyatakan kebiasaan dimasa lampau. came | Simple past tense untuk menunjukkan bahwa aksi langsung mengikuti aksi yang telah selesai (past perfect tense “had left”). 7. see | Bare infinitive (bentuk dasar verb) digunakan sebagai kata kerja padainterrogative sentence simple past tense. 2. lived 8. Potatoes. 5. follow Jawaban 1. 6. black beans and chesnuts … raw. were rarely consumed are rarely consumed Fio … by one of the waitress now. 10.   2. spend | Gunakan bare infinitive sebagai kata kerja pada kalimat pertanyaan simple past tense.  is being served  is served The new member enjoys … into our support group. 3. 4. took 9. follow | Bare infinitive digunakan sebagai kata kerja pada kalimat negatif simple past tense. . 3. Soal Passive Voice Pilihan Ganda Pilihlah kata-kata yang tepat untuk melengkapi kalimat di bawah ini.

… with all my stories?  did you bored  were you bored The 1945 Constitution of the Republic of Indonesia … by the Committee for Examination of Indonesian Independence and the Preparatory Committee for Indonesian Independence. would be contacted  will be contacted  5. is being served | bentuk pasif dari present continuous tense: is/am/are + being + present participle 3. Nothing … except his credit card. was left  is left  8.  were written  was written 10.  has been stolen  has stolen 6. are rarely consumed | Merupakan bentuk pasif dari simple present tense: is/am/are + past participle. 2. being received | bentuk pasif dari gerund: being + past participle . 9.being received  be received  4. Pelaku aksi (tidak disebutkan) merujuk kepada orang secara umum. You … if you meet the minimum requirements for this job.  were made  was made 7. A negative anonymous letter … on my car this morning.  to managed  to be managed Jawaban 1. The buildings … of marble and granite. I want to know why a woman prefers … by a man.

to be managed | bentuk pasif dari infinitive: (to) be + past participle . will be contacted | Bentuk pasif dari simple future tense pada conditional sentence type 1: will + be + past participle 5.4. was written | bentuk pasif dari simple past tense: was/were + past participle 10. were you bored | Versi active voice-nya: Did I bore you with all my stories? 9. was left | bentuk pasif dari simple past tense: was/were + past participle 8. were made | bentuk pasif dari simple past tense: was/were + past participle 7. has been stolen | bentuk pasif dari present perfect tense: has/have + been + present participle 6.