You are on page 1of 40

Mineral Division - ALS Chemex

Schedule of Services & Fees
(CAD)

ALS Laboratory Group, through its Mineral Division ALS Chemex, is the leading supplier of analytical and assay
services for the exploration and mining industries in the world. This new edition of our CAD Schedule of Services &
Fees, describes a comprehensive number of services that cover a wide range of exploration and mining activities,
and which we are able to deliver reliably and consistently on a global basis.
ALS Laboratory Group is a diversified international analytical laboratory group that provides a broad range of
sophisticated, state-of-the-art services in the fields of mining and geochemistry, environmental monitoring, food,
pharmaceuticals, industrial hygiene, electronics, green testing, petroleum products and equipment monitoring. The
company is a wholly owned subsidiary of Campbell Brothers Limited, a publicly listed Australian company (ASX
code CPB). For more information please visit www.alsglobal.com.
Prices listed here are applicable for clients submitting samples to our laboratories in Canada and do not include
locally applicable taxes. ALS Laboratory Group reserves the right to alter prices at any time without prior notice.

NATA registration,
Brisbane, Australia

ISO 9001:2000 & ISO 17025
registration in North America

ISO 9001:2000
registration in Peru

Please contact us for details regarding the scope of registration.

ISO 9001:2000
registration in Chile &
Argentina

Contents
Quality Assurance

2

The Open Lab™ Initiative............................................................................................................................................. 2
Webtrieve™.................................................................................................................................................................... 2
Sample Tracking............................................................................................................................................................ 3

Sample Preparation

4

Sample Preparation Packages..................................................................................................................................... 5
Sample Preparation Procedures.................................................................................................................................. 6
Drying........................................................................................................................................................................ 6
Crushing.................................................................................................................................................................... 6
Splitting...................................................................................................................................................................... 6
Pulverizing................................................................................................................................................................. 7
Screening.................................................................................................................................................................. 7
Miscellaneous............................................................................................................................................................ 8
Sample Storage............................................................................................................................................................. 9
Sample Pick-up Services.............................................................................................................................................. 9
Sample Dispatch........................................................................................................................................................... 9

Precious Metals Analysis

10

Gold.............................................................................................................................................................................. 10
Fire Assay Fusion.................................................................................................................................................... 10
Aqua Regia Digestion...............................................................................................................................................11
Cyanide Leach........................................................................................................................................................ 12
Metallurgical Samples............................................................................................................................................. 12
Silver............................................................................................................................................................................. 13
Platinum, Palladium & Other Precious Metals.......................................................................................................... 13

Exploration Geochemistry

14

Ultra-Trace Level Methods Using ICP-MS & ICP-AES.............................................................................................. 15
Aqua Regia Digestion.............................................................................................................................................. 15
Four Acid “Near-Total” Digestion............................................................................................................................. 16
Fusion (Lithium Metaborate)................................................................................................................................... 16
Trace Level Methods Using Conventional ICP-AES Analysis............................................................................................17
Aqua Regia Digestion.............................................................................................................................................. 17
Four Acid “Near-Total” Digestion............................................................................................................................. 18
ICP-AES Packages for Low Grade Mineralized Materials........................................................................................ 18
Aqua Regia Digestion.............................................................................................................................................. 18
Four Acid “Near-Total” Digestion............................................................................................................................. 19
Single Element Methods............................................................................................................................................. 19
Aqua Regia Digestion.............................................................................................................................................. 19
Four Acid “Near-Total” Digestion............................................................................................................................. 20
Pressed Pellet - Wavelength Dispersive XRF......................................................................................................... 20
Individual Methods - Miscellaneous Techniques..................................................................................................... 21

Lithogeochemistry

22

Whole Rock Analysis.................................................................................................................................................. 22
Rare Earth & Trace Elements..................................................................................................................................... 23

Ores & High Grade Materials

24

Iron, Nickel & Aluminium Ores

26

Specialty Services

28

Copper.......................................................................................................................................................................... 29
Uranium........................................................................................................................................................................ 30
Selective Leach Geochemistry.................................................................................................................................. 32
Mobile Metal Ion Technology (MMI)......................................................................................................................... 32
Non-Proprietary Methods........................................................................................................................................ 33
Commercial & Industrial Mineral Analysis................................................................................................................ 34
Concentrate, Metallurgical Material & Bullion Analysis........................................................................................... 34
Mineral Sands & Industrial Minerals........................................................................................................................ 34
Acid Generation Potential Evaluation....................................................................................................................... 35
Static Test Using Acid Base Accounting (ABA)........................................................................................................ 35
Kinetic Tests Using Humidity Cells.......................................................................................................................... 35

Terms & Conditions

36
1

Quality Assurance

Success in mining and mineral exploration depends on the ability to make sound
decisions based on solid evidence. ALS Chemex understands that important
decisions pivot on the accuracy of our results. Our processes ensure our clients
receive the best information possible to assist with their decision making.

A System You Can Trust
The ALS Chemex quality system complies with the requirements of the international standards ISO 9001:2000
and ISO 17025:2005 and operates in all laboratory sites. Our custom LIMS (Laboratory Information Management
System) has been designed using these requirements to enhance laboratory quality assurance protocols and to
provide the traceability necessary for today’s stringent reporting requirements.

The Open Lab™ Initiative
Site audits give only a snapshot of what is occurring but complete audit trails present the chain of custody and
records for every action on a sample. The same level of record keeping that has been required in the pharmaceutical
and environmental testing industries for years is now available for mineral exploration testing.
Through new technology, ALS Chemex provides a deeper and more complete view into its laboratory and it is with
this that we invite you to look over our shoulders at every step your samples take in their analysis. We are able
to provide this service to our clients with the implementation of GEMS, a custom-written laboratory management
interface to our centralized database.
The Open Lab™ also possesses interactive functions that make it possible to discuss analytical results with
laboratory managers on-line, and to request information or selective re-runs with only a few mouse clicks.

Webtrieve™
The Open Lab™ is made possible with the development of Webtrieve™, the on-line interface to our database.
Through Webtrieve™ clients can access results and download certificates of analysis as well as track their samples’
progress through the laboratory and obtain important quality control information.
When we receive your samples and at each subsequent stage of their analysis, their barcodes are scanned and
data regarding their location and results are stored. As soon as it is captured, data is available for viewing and
retrieval by the client via an on-line, encrypted account. This real time data capture and display allows for viewing
and retrieval of partial results from each separate procedure. As well, this partial data can be accessed prior to
completion of the entire analysis. Your samples’ progress can be tracked through the Workorder Progress page on
Webtrieve™ which displays information on which analytical steps are complete, and partial data that is currently
available.
Along with results, qualified persons will find all the tools necessary for the proper signing off of data released to the
public. Audit trails are produced and updated each time your samples are moved allowing for complete traceability
of the time they spent in our laboratory. QC data for the sample preparation and analytical stages can also be
obtained through Webtrieve™ including preparation sizing test data, and performance results for standards and
duplicates run with your samples.
All documents can be viewed and retrieved from Webtrieve™ including Certificates of Analysis and method
descriptions.
This new technology gives you instant access to the deeper and more detailed information regarding the laboratory
processes that is now required by regulators. Just as critically, this information is readily available 24 hours a day
through the World Wide Web.
2

Sample Tracking In order to provide complete traceability of your samples throughout the sample shipping and processing stages. Two variants exist depending on whether samples are received with or without barcode labels. 3 . LOG-22 1.00 Log sample in tracking system and weigh. A per sample fee is applicable.50 Samples received without barcode labels attached. Description Application Code Price per Sample ($) LOG-21 0. all samples received at ALS Chemex are barcoded and weighed prior to being processed. All Samples. BAT-01 30.00 Workorder / administration fee applied per submittal. Samples received with barcode labels attached to sample bag.

To ensure that your samples are prepared correctly we recommend that you discuss your proposed requirements with the laboratory manager and advise our staff about any mineralized samples submitted that may require additional equipment clean-up to avoid contaminating following samples. These parameters will not be achieved if sample size exceeds the equipment capacity. 4 . unless the client wishes to assess a particular size fraction. ALS Chemex approaches sample preparation with the same rigorous quality control procedures and careful attention to detail as any other stage in analysis. Sample preparation is the most critical step in the entire laboratory operation. The actual sample preparation procedure selected will vary depending on the type and size of the sample submitted. The Most Important Step The purpose of sample preparation is to produce a homogeneous analytical sub-sample that is fully representative of the material submitted to the laboratory.Sample Preparation Obtaining accurate results begins with obtaining representative samples. ALS Chemex has specified certain parameters that must be achieved in preparing samples to ensure that homogeneous and representative subsamples are submitted for analysis.

Code Price per Sample ($) PREP-41 1.00/3kg plus 5. your local client service representative or laboratory manager to discuss how we can best process your particular sample type for your particular analytical needs.60/kg Package includes logging of sample in tracking system. weighing and drying (low temperature drying). Retain both fractions. Rock chip or drill samples. Description Application Split off 250g and pulverize split to better than 85% passing 75 microns.50/kg* (splitting) plus 0. Split off 1. Please contact our marketing staff.00/kg Commonly Used Procedures in Australia All packages include logging of sample in tracking system.60/kg PREP-31B 7. 5 .00 to homogenize PUL-23 6.00 plus 0. ** Bagging charges only apply to samples >3kg where both the finely pulverized bulk residue and crushed residue are to be retained. Description Application Code Price per Sample ($) Pulverize entire sample in multiple stages to 85% passing 75 microns or better. (Samples that are coarser will require crushing prior to processing. Applicable to samples < 1kg.5kg and pulverize split to better than 85% passing 75 microns.00 plus 0. Recombine and homogenize by riffling and/or re-pulverizing.00 plus 0. Dispose of unpulverized reject. Code Price per Sample ($) PREP-31 6. Description Application Sieve sample to -180 micron (80 mesh). fine crushing of entire sample to better than 70% -2mm. Commonly Used Procedures Internationally All packages include logging of sample in tracking system. * Splitting charges will only apply to samples >3kg.00 plus 0. drying. weighing and drying. Submitting excessively wet samples may result in a surcharge for additional drying procedures. See page 6 for available options).60/kg PREP-32 9. Because of geographic differences in sample matrices and exploration techniques our most popular sample preparation packages vary by location. Submitting excessively wet samples may result in a surcharge for additional drying procedures. For rock or drill samples with a nominal particle size of <10 mm.50/kg* (splitting) Riffle split sample to a maximum of 3kg and pulverize split to 85% passing 75 microns or better. PUL-22 6.25/kg** (bagging) PUL-24 6.Sample Preparation Packages The packages described below are the most commonly used procedures in producing representative sub-samples. Soil or sediment samples.25 plus 2. Retain and bag unpulverized reject. Riffle split sample to a maximum of 3kg and pulverize split to 85% passing 75 microns or better. Split off 1kg and pulverize split to better than 85% passing 75 microns. weighing.00 plus 0.

Description Application Code Price per Sample ($) Drying of excessively wet samples in drying ovens.30/kg Split sample using a rotary splitter.00 plus 0. CRU-31 2.40/kg Splitting Some samples require the division of one or more size fractions into representative splits. or where the particle size needs to be reduced before we are able to take a representative split for further pulverization. Most soil and sediment samples that are analyzed for volatile elements. SPL-21 1. Default drying procedure for most rock chip and drill samples.50 plus 1. DRY-21 2. Standard preparation procedure for samples where a representative split will be pulverized. Used if the material is too coarse for introduction into the pulverizing mill.40/kg Drying of excessively wet samples in drying ovens that are controlled to a maximum temperature of 60ºC.50/kg .40/kg Fine crushing of rock chip and drill samples to 70% -2mm or better. Premium splitting procedure.Sample Preparation Sample Preparation Procedures The following procedures are used either separately or combined in a package in order to meet specific sample preparation requirements.00 plus 0. Drying Drying charges are applied only to samples that are excessively wet.25 plus 0.25 plus 0. CRU-21 2. 6 Description Application Code Price per Sample ($) Split sample using a riffle splitter. SPL-22 2. Most of these procedures are charged out on a per kg basis. in the opinion of the laboratory manager. DRY-23 2. Description Application Code Price per Sample ($) Coarse crushing of rock chip and drill samples to 70% nominal -6mm. Standard splitting procedure. and as a preliminary step before fine crushing of larger samples. are crushed using jaw and/or rolls crushers.40/kg Air-drying of samples.50 plus 0.40/kg Crushing Samples that are too coarse to be put directly into a large pulverizing mill. Samples that will be analyzed using selective leach procedures.00 plus 0. DRY-22 2.

25 plus 3. SCR-42 0.) Please enquire for pricing.00 plus 3.00/kg Dry screening to 500 micron (35 mesh). Other mesh sizes. Save minus fraction only. PUL-31 3. SCR-43 1. Screening For some sample types. Remove coarse fraction. all pulverizing procedures guarantee that for most sample types at least 85% of the material will be pulverized to 75 micron (200 mesh) or better. Unless otherwise indicated. PUL-32 5. one or more size fractions need to be separated from the bulk sample. SCR-31 4. Pulverizing of a 1kg split or total sample up to 1kg. agate. PUL-21 8. Retain both fractions. SCR-41 1.50 Pulverize a 1000g split to 85% passing 75 micron or better.50 plus 1.75 plus 3. Remove coarse fraction. Description Application Code Price per Sample ($) Dry screening to 180 micron.50/kg 7 .Pulverizing All pulverizing procedures make use of “flying disk” or “ring and puck” style grinding mills. Appropriate for samples up to 3kg. Description Application Code Price per Sample ($) Pulverize a split or total sample of up to 250g to 85% passing 75 micron or better. For “chrome free” pulverizing and nonmetallic sample preparation.50 plus 1. etc. SCR-45 1.00/kg Dry screening to 180 micron. Standard preparation for soil and stream sediment samples. as well as multiple screening procedures are also available.25 Most pulverizing bowls and pucks are made from a low chrome steel. zirconia.00 Pulverize the entire sample to 85% passing 75 micron or better. Standard preparation for soil and stream sediment samples.50/kg Dry screening to 840 micron (20 mesh). Accurate separation of the 75 micron fraction. Default procedure for samples that are finely crushed and split prior to pulverizing or for total samples up to 250g.e. tungsten carbide.50/kg Wet screening to 75 micron (200 mesh) and save minus fraction only. other bowls are available (i.

00 . including homogenizing the composite pulp. bedding.25/fraction Clean crushers with “barren” material after every sample. and the mineralogy and texture of the samples. storage).Sample Preparation Sample Preparation . Because ALS Chemex is not in a position to quantify in advance these outcomes. the client will be advised and the protocols changed to maintain the standard of pulverizing that has been mandated by the client. WSH-22 2.5 to 3kg (maximum) will be sufficient for the majority of the samples. As required. 6 minute pass in one LM5 bowl at a weight of 2. repeated reintroduction of the crushed product through the crusher is the only remedy. The gravimetric is used when the densities of the samples vary greatly. Miscellaneous Procedures 8 Description Application Code Price per Sample ($) Compositing of two or more pulp samples. Should the empirical facts demonstrate otherwise. observation and trial screen sizings of the initial pulps) the optimum sample size per pass. Those variables over which the client alone has a degree of control. anisotropic pieces exceeding the desired fineness in one or two dimensions may nevertheless pass the jaws unimpeded. Thus while feed material possessing varying degrees of weathering grain size. (The standard no charge procedure uses barren material between every batch). QAR-01 1. Additional costs may apply and again this is done in consultation with the client. including homogenizing the composite pulp. AQIS approved heat treatment and storage. the initial assumption made for pricing purposes is that one. mineralization. In these instances. texture and hardness of the material being crushed.LM5 Whether the required fineness (nominal 85% passing 75 microns) can be achieved in one pulverizing pass (in very large LM5 bowls) is dependent on a critical range of physical variables. silicification. The volumetric is the standard procedure. As required. CMP-21 1. Required for all samples imported from other countries into Australia. (The standard no charge procedure uses barren material between every batch). Gravimetric procedure.00/fraction Re-bagging sample in new bag. TRA-21 1. or at least prior knowledge of. BAG-01 1. and will only be done at the specific request of the client and at additional cost than quoted for single-pass crushing. hardness.75/fraction Compositing of two or more pulp samples.00/fraction Homogenize stored or composite sample by light pulverizing. Tray drying of samples submitted in plastic bags.50/fraction Quarantine (heat treatment. CMP-22 3.00 Clean pulverizers with “barren” material after every sample. applicable to samples requiring tray drying. foliation or schistosity is actually crushed to the specified degree of fineness as defined by the jaw setting.50 Transfer sample to drying tray or new sample bag. WSH-21 2. Pulverizing . it is inevitable that the ultimate homogeneity and three dimensional aspect of the resultant fragments and grains making up that product will be a direct function of the fabric.Limitations & Assumptions Crushing Every reasonable endeavour will be made to achieve the specified degree of fineness for the crushed product. SG. For samples submitted in plastic bags or damaged bags. Re-homogenization of samples including samples from long term storage. Volumetric procedure. are initial sample weight/size. The sum total of these variables is unique to each project and on occasion even to each submission. mineralogy. HOM-01 4. The only variables that the laboratory can control are pulverizing time and (by applying experience. However. and cannot always be predicted at the time of preparing the quote.

00/hr Disposal of pulps and coarse fractions. DIS-21 By quotation Return of samples to clients. Importation of geological materials into Australia is rigidly controlled by Australian Quarantine and Inspection Service (AQIS). RET-21 50.Sample Storage Materials that have been submitted for analysis are retained at our laboratories for a limited time only. Include your return address. When importing soil samples into Canada or the US a soil permit needs to be obtained prior to samples being shipped. Some of these procedures will be available through our web site www. such as US$25. Description Application Code Price per Sample ($) Monthly storage of bulk residues (< 3kg of coarse reject or finely pulverized material) after the first 45 days. Stored samples. STO-REJ 0. The prepared master pulps are stored free of charge for 90 days from the time that we issue the final Certificate of Analysis. To avoid delays and additional charges in quarantine and customs clearance it is imperative that you contact an ALS Chemex representative for guidelines and procedures regarding sample importation before consigning samples to us. Monthly storage of screening reject fractions after the first 45 days. Free pre-addressed adhesive labels and sample submission booklets are available on request. We also offer advice on shipping samples to any of our laboratories by surface carrier. the use of assay tags inside sample bags is strongly encouraged. STO-SCR 0. For sample shipments to our offices in the Americas. In addition to marking the outside of the bag. Please contact your nearest ALS Chemex office for details. air cargo and air express. Please contact your nearest ALS Chemex representative for more information.00. mark as GEOLOGICAL MATERIALS FOR ANALYSIS ONLY – NO COMMERCIAL VALUE.com 9 . RTN-21 By quotation Sample Pick-Up Services Sample transport/pick-up services can be arranged from any of our locations. Coarse and fine reject fractions are stored free of charge for the first 45 days. All sample types. STO-PUL 0. Longer term storage of pulps. To expedite sample processing and therefore delivery of results.50 Monthly storage of master pulps after the first 90 days. please clearly mark sample bags using waterproof ink.alschemex. billing instructions and the type of analyses required for the enclosed samples.25 Handling and retrieval of stored samples. Fill out and enclose the sample submittal form with each sample shipment. Monthly charges will be levied for sample storage when the free period has expired. Pulps and coarse fractions. Storage of remaining sample after the first 45 days from the issue date of the final certificate of analysis. PKP-21 By quotation Sample Dispatch Samples can be dispatched to any of the addresses listed on our website. Retain a copy of the sample submittal form as a field record. Returned samples. Clearly mark all sample shipments to our offices in Australia as GEOLOGICAL MATERIALS and indicate a nominal dollar value. Description Application Code Price per Sample ($) Sample pick-up service.25 Longer term storage of screening reject fractions.

*** 1 oz/ton = 34.000 Au by 1. However. generally leading to low precious metal recoveries.00 Ore Grade *Ag by gravimetric finish (ME-GRA21.005-10 Au by fire assay and AAS.please contact your local office for details. The selection of the best method for the accurate determination of a precious metal is highly dependent on the nature of the sample and the objective of the analytical result.000g screen fire assay.Precious Metals Analysis Gold and other precious metals continue to be highly sought after by mining and exploration companies worldwide as a result of their strong prices in recent years. selenides and tellurides for example. individual assays and weight fractions. Duplicate assays on undersize. can interfere with the fire assay process.50 15. In most cases.01-100 Au by fire assay and AAS. 30g nominal sample weight 50g nominal sample weight Au-AA23 Au-AA24 13. and assay entire oversize fraction.50 15.50 Au 0. ALS Chemex recommends a 30g maximum charge weight. Analyte Range (ppm)*** Description Code Price per Sample ($) Trace Level Au 0. Calculate and report total gold content. ME-GRA22) can be added at a significant discount. silver and platinum group metals.50 Au 0.001-10 Au by fire assay and ICP-AES. For optimum gold and PGE recoveries for most sample matrices. a reduction in sample weight will yield higher precious metal recoveries.05-1.00 50. 30g nominal sample weight 50g nominal sample weight Au-AA25 Au-AA26 13. particularly in the presence of the interferants mentioned above.00 Au 0. Gold Fire Assay Fusion For fully quantitative gold contents.00 15. in moderate to high concentrations.00 Au 0.00 20. With prior knowledge of the presence of these minerals and metals. it should also be recognized that a wide variety of minerals and metals such as chromite.2857 ppm 10 .00 16.05-1.00 Au 0. **Other screen and sample sizes may be available . solvent extraction and AAS.001-1 Au by fire assay. the fire assay procedure is still the preferred choice of laboratories all over the world. 30g nominal sample weight 50g nominal sample weight Au-GRA21* Au-GRA22* 17. ALS Chemex can modify flux constituents and increase flux to sample ratios to improve recoveries. 30g nominal sample weight 50g nominal sample weight Au-ICP21 Au-ICP22 13. base metal sulfides and oxides. 30g nominal sample weight 50g nominal sample weight Au-AA21 Au-AA22 14.000 Au by fire assay and gravimetric finish. Dry screening to 100 micron Dry screening to 75 micron Au-SCR21** Au-SCR22** 45. The methods described in this section are effective alternatives for the determination of gold. ALS Chemex has the analytical tools and years of expertise to help you with this potentially valuable search.

Aqua Regia Digestion Aqua regia digestion is generally suitable for the determination of gold in soil and stream sediment samples. 25g nominal sample weight 50g nominal sample weight Au-OG43 Au-OG44 11. Au-GRA24 100. roasting of samples containing sulfides and/or carbon prior to analysis is recommended.00 Bullion *At your option.00 13.Analyte Range (ppm)* Description Code Price per Sample ($) Concentrates Au 0. 25g nominal sample weight 50g nominal sample weight Au-ST43 Au-ST44 14.000 Routine bullion assays by fire assay with gravimetric finish. Analyte Range (ppm) Description Code Price per Sample ($) Au by aqua regia. calcareous or organic material require the roasting procedure RST-21 as an additional preparation step prior to the aqua regia digestion. If this digestion procedure is used to measure the acid extractable gold contents of rock chips and other more mineralized materials.00 15.07-50% Au by fire assay and gravimetric finish.1 Trace Level Au 0. 25g nominal sample weight 50g nominal sample weight Au-TL43 Au-TL44 12.00 Au Fineness 1-1.001-1 Ore Grade Au 0.50 Au by aqua regia extraction with AAS or ICP-MS finish.0002-0. precious metals reporting units can be specified as ppb.50 13. g/t or oz/t (except for bullion assays). ICP-MS (MARG).000 Au umpire assay in bullion samples by fire assay with gravimetric finish. Au-UMP20 150.00 Super Trace Level Au 0.50 Au by aqua regia extraction with graphite furnace AAS or ICP-MS finish.00 Au Fineness 1-1. 11 . 30g nominal sample weight Au-CON01 60. ppm.01-100 Samples containing sulfidic.

001-10 BLEG Au-cyanide leach with ICP-MS finish. aqua regia digestion and AAS.0001-10 BLEG Au-cyanide leach with ICP-MS finish. 30g nominal sample weight Au-AA13* 12. and in mine development and exploration to establish potential gold cyanide extraction efficiency.001).00 Au 0. 500g nominal sample weight Au-CN11* 20. Cu (0.00 Au 0.03-50 Au by cyanide leach with AAS finish. 1000-3000g nominal sample weight Au-CN12* 30. Code Price per Sample ($) Au-AA16 By quotation Note: A full range of minor and trace elements can be determined on cyanide liquors by ICP-AES/ICP-MS. Cu (0. Please enquire for details. Cu (0.1) on method Au-AA13 2.01-50 Description Au in cyanide liquor by extraction with AA finish.00 Trace Level Ore Grade *The following additional elements can be reported on request at additional cost. Au 1-10.01-300 Au by accelerated cyanide leach using “Leachwell” reagent with AAS finish. 1000g nominal sample weight Au-AA14* 25. 500g nominal sample weight Au-AA11* 20. Pd (0.00 Note: A full range of minor and trace elements can be determined on the ashed carbon by ICP-AES/ICP-MS.01).0001-10 BLEG Au-cyanide leach with extraction AA finish. Duplicate analysis.00/element Ag (0. Analyte Range (ppm) Description Code Price per Sample ($) Super Trace Level Au 0. Au-AA44 32.01-200 Au by cyanide leach with AAS finish.00/element Metallurgical Samples Analyte Au Range (ppm) 0.001-10 BLEG Au-cyanide leach with extraction AA finish.00/element Ag (0. Ag (0. 500-3000g nominal sample weight Au-AA15 30.00 Au 0.01).000 Au by ashing. 1000-3000g nominal sample weight Au-AA12* 30.03).001). Please enquire for details.00 Au 0. Pd (0.001) on method Au-CN12 3.00 Au 0.001) on method Au-CN11 2.00 Au 0. 12 .Precious Metals Analysis Cyanide Leach Cyanide leach procedures are used in grassroots exploration where cyanide extractable gold from a very large sample can sometimes detect small gold anomalies that otherwise would go unnoticed.

25 Pt Pd Ir Os Rh Ru Au 0. Ag-GRA24 100.002-1 0. ALS Chemex recommends a 30g charge weight.00 Ag by HF-HNO3-HClO4 digestion. **Can be bundled with Au (ME-GRA21. Pd and Au by fire assay and ICP-AES (or ICP-MS) finish.001-10 0.25 Pt Pd Au 0. Os.005-1 Pt.00 Concentrates Ag Bullion *Can be packaged with base metal analysis at a discounted price.000 Ag umpire assay in bullion samples by fire assay with gravimetric finish.03-100 Pt.001-10 Pt. 13 . Ag-CON01 60.002-2 0.03-100 0.002-1 0.00** 21.00 Ag Fineness 1-1. ppm.Silver Analyte Range (ppm) Description Code Price per Sample ($) Ag 0. precious metals reporting units can be specified as ppb. Ru and Au by fire assay with nickel sulfide collection and ICP-AES.25 18.0005-1 0. Rh. 30g nominal sample weight 50g nominal sample weight Ag-GRA21 Ag-GRA22 18. 30g nominal sample weight PGM-ICP27 18.00 Trace Level Note: See also multi-element methods that include Ag under “Exploration Geochemistry”. Ag-AA45 5. Ir.50 Trace Level 30g nominal sample weight Note: Au is not quantitative by this method. ICP-AES or AAS finish. pages 14-21. For optimum PGE recovery for most sample matrices. ME-GRA22) at a discounted price.002-1 0. HCl leach and AAS.00 Ag Fineness 1-1.001-1 0.000 Ag by fire assay and gravimetric finish. Pd. Ag-UMP20 150.00* Ag 1-1.005-10 0.00** 50-15. g/t or oz/t (except for bullion assays). 30g nominal sample weight 50g nominal sample weight PGM-ICP23 PGM-ICP24 16.5-100 Ag by aqua regia digestion and AAS.00 0. Pd and Au by fire assay and ICP-MS finish.03-100 0.001-1 Pt. Pd and Au by fire assay and ICP-AES finish.002-1 0.25 18.00* Ag 5-10.000 Routine bullion assays by fire assay with gravimetric finish.2-100 Ag 0. 30g nominal sample weight 50g nominal sample weight PGM-MS23 PGM-MS24 16.002-1 0.500 Ag by aqua regia digestion. ICP-AES or AAS finish.000 Ag by HF-HNO3-HClO4 digestion with HCl leach. PGM-MS26 125. Ag-OG46 (Ag-AA46) 9. Palladium & Other Precious Metals Analyte Range (ppm) Description Code Price per Sample ($) Pt Pd Au 0. Ore Grade Pt Pd Au At your request. Ag-OG62 (Ag-AA62) 11. Platinum.000 Ag by fire assay and gravimetric finish. Ag-AA61 7. Ore Grade Ag 1-1.

reliability and cost are often the main factors considered by explorationists when choosing an analytical method for a given sample type. 14 . The instrumental analytical techniques comprise inductively coupled plasma with atomic emission spectroscopy or mass spectroscopy.Exploration Geochemistry The search for gold and other exploration targets can employ many different techniques. ALS Chemex offers a wide range of multi-element and single-element methods that can satisfy the requirements of today’s exploration geochemists. today’s explorationists are relying upon trends and patterns in trace elements as indicators of what may lie deep below. Element coverage. both technically and economically. Find the Methods That Suit You The effectiveness of a geochemical exploration program is largely dependent on the availability of analytical methods that properly meet the requirements of the problems at hand. More and more. x-ray fluorescence and infrared spectroscopy. The analytical methods described in this section include different sample decomposition procedures. detection limits. atomic absorption. such as aqua regia and multi-acid digestions. fusions and selective leaches.

03-1.03-1. data reported from an aqua regia leach should be considered as representing only the leachable portion of the particular analyte.05-10.000 Sb 0.000 Er 0.05-500 Ce 0.000 Bi 0.000 Sc 0.1-10.01%-10% W 0. for instance.000 Ni 0.01%-25% Se 0.05-1.03-1.000 Ge 0.000 In 0. and can only be provided if both the ME-MS41 and the ME-MS41r are ordered at the same time.1-10.01-1. this method uses both the ICP-MS and the ICP-AES techniques.01%-10% S 0.01-10. *This is only available as an add-on to the ME-MS41 package. A full suite of rare earth elements can be added to this package.000 Ti 0.000 La 0.005-500 Re 0. Analytes & Ranges (ppm) Ag 0.05-500 P 10-10.000 Sm 0.01-100 Cs 0.5-500 Cr 1-10.01-10.000 Fe 0.000 Sn 0.05-500 Te 0.000 Gd 0.01-25% Cu 0.05-1.000 Yb 0. keeping in mind that this data will represent the acid leachable portion of the rare earth elements and as such cannot be used.Ultra-Trace Level Methods Using ICP-MS & ICP-AES Aqua Regia Digestion Although some base metals may dissolve quantitatively.1-10.01-1.005%-10% Ba 10-10.05-10.001-50 V 1-10.05-10.00* (Add-on price). In order to be able to report the widest possible concentration range.2-10.000 Ho 0.1-10. to do a chondrite plot. (See page 23 for quantitative REE packages).2-500 Code Price per Sample ($) ME-MS41 18.1-10. in the majority of geological matrices.2-1.03-1.2-10.000 Nd 0.000 Co 0.2-10.000 U 0.000 Hg 0.01-1.000 Zr 0.75 (Sold only as a complete package).05-10.000 Eu 0.000 Sr 0.02-10.05-500 Mo 0.000 Mg 0.01%-25% K 0.2-25 Ga 0.000 Ca 0.000 Rb 0.03-1. The recovery percentages for many analytes from more resistive minerals can be very low.01-1. but the acid leachable portion can also be an excellent exploration tool.01-500 As 0.02-500 Pb 0.000 Lu 0.000 Tb 0.000 Hf 0.000 Cd 0.2-10. Analytes & Ranges (ppm) Dy 0.000 Pr 0.000 Zn 2-10.000 Th 0.05-1.01%-50% Nb 0.01-500 Au 0.000 Tm 0.01-1.000 Na 0.000 Y 0. 15 .000 Be 0.000 Code Price per Sample ($) ME-MS41r 3.1-10.000 Al 0.000 Mn 5-50.000 Tl 0.000 B 10-10.02-500 Li 0.05-10.01%-10% Ta 0.2-10.2-10.

5-10.2-10.50 Note: To include Hg by a separate procedure in the suite of elements above.000 Yb 0.05-500 Mo 0.000 In 0.03-1.03-1.000 Pr 0. in most cases this procedure quantitatively dissolves nearly all elements for the majority of geological materials.05-1.000 Hf 0. Analytes & Ranges (ppm) Ag 0.2-10. (See page 23 for quantitative REE packages).1-500 Pb 0.000 Lu 0.000 Ga 0.5-10.000 Eu 0.000 Hf 0.000 Tb 0. Analytes & Ranges (ppm) 16 Ag 1-1. Fusion (Lithium Borate) A lithium borate fusion of the sample prior to dissolution in acids provides the most quantitative analysis of a wide suite of elements.000 Ce 0.000 Ba 0.000 W 0.01-10. this method uses both the ICP-MS and ICPAES techniques.000 Na 0.000 Mo 2-10.000 Th 0.03-1.1-10.05-1.01-1.000 Pb 5-10.01-1.002-50 U 0.01-1.5-10.000 Zn 5-10.000 Rb 0.000 Zr 2-10. *This is only available as an add-on to the ME-MS61 package.000 Sb 0.01%-10% Re 0.00 (Sold only as a complete package).000 Ge 0.2-10.000 Ga 0.000 Cd 0.000 Ti 0.05-1.2-10.03-1. it may sometimes be necessary to use even stronger dissolution techniques such as fusions in order to get fully quantitative results.000 Mn 5-100.000 Nd 0.000 Be 0.000 Tm 0.000 Tl 0.03-1.005-500 Rb 0.01-10.000 Eu 0.000 Dy 0.5-10.000 Ni 0.000 Mg 0.000 Cs 0.000 Y 0.000 Ho 0.01-1.Exploration Geochemistry Four Acid “Near-Total” Digestion Although the four acid digestion is able to dissolve most minerals.000 Ce 0. .2-10.01%-50% Nb 0.1-10.000 La 0.000 Sn 0. However.1-500 Cr 1-10.000 Cr 10-10.05-10.05-1.000 Ho 0.000 Co 0. ME-MS61m 30.000 Sm 0.01-500 Li 0.05-1.000 Tb 0.000 Sr 0.2-10.000 Gd 0.000 Y 0.03-1.01%-10% Sr 0.5-10.000 V 5-10.02-10.000 S 0. By using ICP-MS.000 Nb 0.01-100 Cu 0.1-1.000 Lu 0.000 Pr 0.03-1.000 La 0.000 Er 0.2-500 Zr 0.000 Se 1-1.5-1.2-10.000 Code Price per Sample ($) ME-MS61r 3.000 Th 0.00* (Add-on price).1-500 Ta 0.000 Code Price per Sample ($) ME-MS81 25.000 Sn 1-10.5-10.000 Ta 0. please request ME-MS61m instead of ME-MS61.000 Gd 0.005%-10% Bi 0. In order to be able to report the widest possible concentration range. most elements can be determined to low detection limits.5-500 Code Price per Sample ($) ME-MS61 22.50 (Sold only as a complete package).000 W 1-10.000 Zn 2-10.03-1.000 Er 0.05-1.000 Al 0.01-1.2-10.1-10.05-500 P 10-10.000 Yb 0.000 Nd 0.000 Ca 0.05-10.000 Co 0.05-100 As 0.05-1.01-1.03-1.01%-50% Fe 0.01%-50% K 0.000 Cs 0.1-10.03-1.1-10.05-500 Ba 10-10. A full suite of rare earth elements can be added to this package.000 Cu 5-10.5-10.000 Tl 0.1-10.000 Ni 5-10.000 U 0.01%-10% V 1-10.01-1.1-10.01-1.000 Sm 0.02-1.2-10. Analytes & Ranges (ppm) Dy 0.01%-50% Sc 0.000 Te 0.1-10. and can only be provided if both the ME-MS61 and the ME-MS61r are ordered at the same time.000 Tm 0.05-10.1-10. keeping in mind that this data will represent the acid leachable portion of the rare earth elements and as such cannot be used. for instance to do a chondrite plot.

00 plus 0.01ppm in the suite of elements above.000 Fe 0.000 Zn 1-10.000 Ba 10-10. please request method ME-ICP41m instead of ME-ICP41.000 S 0.00 Note: To include Hg to a lower detection limit of 0. an aliquot can be analyzed by ICP-AES to give additional information for acid leachable elements.000 Price per Sample ($) 10.000 Fe 0.01%-10% S 0.000 As 2-10.01%-15% Pb 1-10.000 Sr 1-10.50/element 25g nominal sample weight ME-ICP43 50g nominal sample weight ME-ICP44 17 .000 Cu 1-10.000 Cu 1-10.01%-25% Sc 1-10.000 Mo 1-5.000 U 10-10.000 Co 1-10.000 Pb 2-10.00 Complete package or 6.000 Sb 2-10.000 Ca 0. Add-on Elements to a Larger (25g or 50g) Aqua Regia Gold Digestion Following an aqua regia gold digestion (method Au-ST43 or Au-ST44 .000 Ca 0.000 Hg 1-10.5-1.000 Ga 10-10.000 Code Price per Sample ($) ME-ICP41 9.000 Ba 10-10. The method below is a cost effective way of obtaining additional multi-element data in conjunction with gold when ultra-low detection limits are not crucial. Again. Analytes & Ranges (ppm) Ag 0.01%-10% B 10-10.2-100 Cd 1-5.5-1.000 Cd 0.000 V 1-10.000 Zn 2-10.01%-10% W 10-10.Trace Level Methods Using Conventional ICP-AES Analysis Aqua Regia Digestion An economical tool for first pass exploration geochemistry.01%-25% Cr 1-10.000 Mn 5-10.see page 11).000 Mg 0.01%-25% La 10-10.2-100 Co 1-10.000 P 10-10.000 Mn 5-50.000 Th 20-10.01%-15% Mg 0.01%-20% P 10-10.000 Mo 1-10.000 Ni 1-10.50/element ME-ICP41m 14.000 Al 0.000 Bi 2-10.000 K 0.01%-10% Ti 0.000 Be 0.000 Bi 2-10.50 plus 0.000 Na 0.01%-10% As 1-10.000 Sb 2-10. Analytes & Ranges (ppm) Code Ag 0.00 Complete package or 6. although some base metals may dissolve quantitatively in the majority of geological matrices. data reported from an aqua regia leach should be considered as representing only the leachable portion of the particular analyte.01%-50% Ni 1-10.000 Tl 10-10.

01%-10% Al 0. Aqua Regia Digestion The aqua regia digestion package is limited to determining the acid leachable portion of elements.000 Code Price per Sample ($) ME-ICP61 12. ICP-AES Packages for Low Grade Mineralized Materials These packages can be used as an economical alternative to analyzing low grade ore samples.01%-50% P 10-10.05%-30% S 0.05%-50% W 50-50.50/element ME-ICP61m 20.000 Mo 5-50.000 Pb 10-100.000 Al 0.01ppm in the suite of elements above.000 As 5-10.000 Be 5-10.000 Ca 0. although the term “neartotal” is used.000 Fe 0.000 Na 0.000 Hg 5-50.000 La 10-10.05%-30% As 20-100.000 Be 0.000 Th 100-50.000 Sb 5-10. They are NOT suitable for commercial assays.000 Tl 10-10.000 Ba 50-50.05%-50% La 50-50.000 V 1-10.01%-50% Mg 0.000 Cd 0.000 Bi 2-10.5-1.000 P 50-100.000 Sr 5-100. ore reserve calculations or bankable feasibility studies.000 K 0.Exploration Geochemistry Four Acid “Near-Total” Digestion If ultra-trace levels are not required.5-1.000 Fe 0.000 Bi 10-50.000 Ga 10-10.01%-50% Sc 1-10. Analytes & Ranges (ppm) Ag 0. or rock samples with some mineralization. not all elements are quantitatively extracted.05%-30% Ti 0.000 Ga 50-50.000 U 50-50.05%-50% Cu 5-100.5-100 Cr 1-10.000 Zn 10-100.000 Ba 10-10.01%-10% W 10-10.000 Co 5-50.000 Tl 50-50.000 Pb 2-10.01%-10% S 0.01%-10% Ti 0.25 plus 0.000 Mn 5-100. however. the ICP-AES version of the four acid leach is a more economical alternative to using ICP-MS packages.000 Mo 1-10. Four acid digestions are able to dissolve most minerals.00/element .05%-50% Ni 5-100.000 V 5-100.000 Na 0.000 Cd 5-10.00 Complete package or 8.000 K 0.000 Zn 2-10.000 Mg 0.01%-50% Cu 1-10.000 Ni 1-10. depending on the sample matrix.000 Ca 0.000 Sr 1-10.000 U 10-10.00 Complete package or 9.00 plus 2.000 Sb 10-50.000 Co 1-10. Analytes & Ranges (ppm) 18 Ag 1-200 Cr 5-100.000 Code Price per Sample ($) ME-ICP41a 15.00 Note: To include Hg to a lower detection limit of 0.05%-50% Sc 5-50.000 Th 20-10. please request method ME-ICP61m instead of ME-ICP61.000 Mn 25-100.

00 Complete package or 11.000 Co 10-50. and for some samples will be incomplete.01%-25% Mg 0.000 Mn 5-50.01%-25% Sb 2-10.000 Fe 0.000 V 10-100.000 Fe 0.05-250 ICP Mass Spectrometry (ICP-MS) Ag 0.000 Th 20-10.000 V 1-10.00 plus 1.000 Th 50-50.000 Code Price per Sample ($) ME-ICP61a 17.00/element (+)-ICP41 6.00/element Single Element Methods These methods are effective options when analytical results for one or only a few elements are required.01%-10% As 2-10.05%-30% Al 0.000 U 0.05-250 Tl 0.Four Acid “Near-Total” Digestion The four acid digestion package.05%-50% Mg 0.02-250 + Add element symbol as prefix to method code.000 Sr 1-10. but the acid leachable portion can also be an excellent exploration tool.000 As 50-100.000 Be 0.000 Pb 1-10.000 Cd 10-10.000 Hg 1-10.000 Na 0.5-1.01%-25% Cr 1-10.01-25 Hg 0.50 plus 0.000 ICP Atomic Emission Spectrometry (ICP-AES) Ag 0.1-250 Mo 0.000 Mn 10-100.000 Zn 2-10.000 Ga 50-50.000 Ba 50-50.000 Cu 1-10.000 Ni 1-10.05%-50% P 50-100.005-25 Se 0. data reported from an aqua regia leach should be considered as representing only the leachable portion of the particular analyte.000 U 10-10.01%-10% Ca 0.01%-50% P 10-10.000 Sb 50-50.05%-30% Ti 0.1%-50% W 50-50.00/element Atomic Absorption Spectrometry (AAS) Ag 0.00 plus 2.05-250 Te 0.000 Pb 2-10.000 Mo 10-50.000 Al 0.000 Cd 0.000 K 0.000 Na 0. which will provide more quantitative data for most sample matrices should still be considered as semi-quantitative.01-250 Bi 0.000 Zn 20-100.2-100 Co 1-10. Analytes & Ranges (ppm) Ag 1-200 Cr 10-100.000 Ba 10-10. Aqua Regia Digestion Although some base metals may dissolve quantitatively in the majority of geological matrices. 19 .05%-50% Cu 10-100.000 Ni 1-10.1%-30% S 0.2-100 Co 1-10.5-1.2-250 As 0.000 Sr 10-100.000 Mo 1-10.50/element (+)-MS42 10.000 La 50-50.01%-10% Ti 0. The recovery percentages for many analytes from more resistive minerals can be very low.000 Tl 50-50.01-250 Sb 0.000 Cu 1-10.000 Zn 1-10.000 Ni 10-100. You can create your own package of elements specific to your exploration program.000 Pb 20-100.000 Ca 0.01%-10% S 0.000 Bi 20-50.05%-50% Sc 10-50.000 U 50-50.000 K 0.000 Mo 1-10.000 Bi 2-10.000 Be 10-10.000 As 5-10. Analytes & Ranges (ppm) Code Price per Sample ($) (+)-AA45 3.00 plus 2.

000 W 10-10.000 Rb 10-10.5-1.02-500 As 0.000 Cr 5-10.5-1.5-500 Tl 0.000 Se 2-10. in most cases this procedure quantitatively dissolves nearly all elements for the majority of geological materials.00 plus 1. Analytes & Ranges (ppm) Code Price per Sample ($) (+)-AA61 5.000 Bi 2-10.000 Cd 0.000 ICP Mass Spectrometry (ICP-MS) Ag 0.01%-10% Pb 2-10.000 Tl 10-10.000 Ba 10-10.01%-10% Ba 10-10.Wavelength Dispersive XRF Analytes & Ranges (ppm) As 5-5.000 Ti 5-10.000 Ga 4-10.000 Ca 0.002-50 Te 0.05-500 Sn 0.000 As 10-10.000 + Add element symbol as prefix to method code. it may sometimes be necessary to use even stronger dissolution techniques such as fusions in order to get fully quantitative results.2-500 Mo 0.000 Sn 5-10.000 As 5-10.00/element Code Price per Sample ($) (+)-XRF05 8.05-500 Th 0.000 Sb 4-10.1-500 Bi 0.02-500 Sb 0.000 ICP Atomic Emission Spectrometry (ICP-AES) Ag 0.Exploration Geochemistry Four Acid “Near-Total” Digestion Although the four acid digestion is able to dissolve most minerals.000 Zr 2-10.000 Zn 2-10. 20 .00 plus 2.05-500 W 0.25 plus 0.000 Zr 5-10. However.000 Y 2-10.000 Be 0.00 plus 2.000 U 10-10. Pressed Pellet .000 Sc 1-10.50/element (+)-MS62 12.000 Cu 2-10.05-500 Se 0.02-100 Ga 0.000 S 0.000 V 1-10.01%-50% Cu 1-10.000 Co 1-10.000 Mo 5-10.00/element (+)-ICP61 8.000 Ga 10-10.000 Sr 1-10.000 P 10-10.01%-50% Ni 1-10.5-100 Co 5-10.000 U 4-10.1-500 Cd 0.2-500 U 0.01%-50% Sb 5-10.000 Pb 5-10.5-100 Cr 1-10.01%-10% Th 20-10.000 Ta 10-10.000 Mo 4-10.000 Na 0.00/element Atomic Absorption Spectrometry (AAS) Ag 0.000 Sr 2-10.000 La 10-10.000 Al 0.000 Mn 5-100.000 Mg 0.000 Th 4-10.01-500 Re 0.000 Mo 1-10.000 Ni 5-10.01%-50% Li 10-10.000 Bi 4-10.2-500 + Add element symbol as prefix to method code.000 K 0.01%-10% W 10-10.000 Zn 5-10.000 Ti 0.000 Fe 0.000 Rb 2-10.000 Nb 2-10.

000 Neutron activation.00 OA-GRA10 12.S. paraffin coat.000 Fusion .01-100 pH - Conductivity 1-50.00 Br** 0. OA-GRA08a 13.00 Soil pH (1:1 ratio). OA-GRA08 10.00 BD 0.01%-100% Fusion .I.00 F 0. Cl-NAA06 30.01%-100% LOI at 1000°C.5-10. OA-GRA09 10.Miscellaneous Techniques Analyte Range (ppm) Description Code Price per Sample ($) Carbon & Sulfur C (Total) 0.00 H2O.00 S (Total) 0.00 Cl 10-40.paraffin coat.01%-50% Calculated by the difference between total sulfur and sulfate sulfur.00 S (Sulfate)* 0. Aqua regia digestion/cold vapour.01%-50% Total carbon by Leco furnace. AAS.E.00 SG - Specific gravity on solid objects. OA-GRA05 10.(Moisture) 0.01%-50% Total sulfur by Leco furnace.I. ** A surcharge may apply for batches of less than 20 samples.00 BD 0.01%-100% Hg 0.00 Conductivity of soil extract.XRF.00 C (Carbonate) 0. OA-ELE04 10.00 C (Non-Carbonate) 0. Br-NAA05 30.00 OA-IR06 12.01-20g/cm3 Bulk density . F-ELE82 22.50 I** 20-10.01%-100% Gravimetric procedure after drying at 105°C. Hg-CV41 8.00 Fe-VOL05 15.01%-50% Sulfate sulfur by carbonate leach and gravimetric analysis. H2O+ (Water of Crystallization) 0.00 Halides Other FeO 0. S-IR08 12. F-ELE81a 15.00 Cl 50-10. C-IR06 16.000 us/cm Ferrous iron by HCl-HF acid digestion and titrimetric finish. LOI 0. S-IR07 25.2%-50% Inorganic carbon by coulometer.00 S (Sulfide) 0.Individual Methods .E.000 Neutron activation. CL-XRF11 21. OA-GRA09a 16.01%-50% Dilute acid digestion followed by Leco furnace.S.01-20g/cm3 Bulk density. OA-ELE05 10. S-GRA06 25. 21 . C-GAS05 17. I-NAA07 30.00 F 20-10.01%-100% By Leco. C-IR07 12.00 * Sulfate S may be understated if BaSO4 or SrSO4 present.00 SG - Specific gravity on solid objects. OA-GRA08b 10.000 Fusion .00 SG - Specific gravity on pulps (Pycnometer).000 Neutron activation.

000 Sn 5-10.01-100 MnO 0.01-100 BaO 0.01-100 Na2O 0.000 Se 2-10. Code Price per Sample ($) (+)-XRF05 8.000 W 10-10.000 Ga 4-10.01-100 P2O5 0.000 Th 4-10.01-100 LOI 0.01-100 Al2O3 0.000 Y 2-10.01%-50%) S (0.000 Mo 4-10. alteration minerals.01-100 K2O 0.000 + Add element symbol as prefix to method code.00 (Sold only as a complete package).01-100 TiO2 0. ICP-AES can also be effectively used.01-100 CaO 0.000 Ta 10-10.000 Cr 5-10. X-ray fluorescence is the preferred technique for analysis. and trace element mobility are important tools in understanding geological environments. Whole Rock Analysis Using XRF or ICP-AES Fusion (Lithium Metaborate) Analytes & Ranges (%) SiO2 0.000 Zr 2-10. The selections of analytical packages on this page are designed to offer comprehensive information for these studies.000 Bi 4-10.Lithogeochemistry Analysis related to lithogeochemistry. 22 . The nature of lithophile elements and the matrices they occur in require stronger dissolution procedures to separate them from the bulk matter.00/element Pressed Pellet .000 Ba 10-10.000 Ti 5-10.01-100 Code Price per Sample ($) ME-XRF06* 25.000 Rb 2-10.01-100 Fe2O3 0. Please quote ME-ICP06.01-100 Cr2O3 0.000 Sb 4-10. Carbon and sulfur determinations by Leco can be added to a whole rock determination upon request at an additional cost.000 U 4-10. Analytes & Ranges C (0.01-50%) Code Price per Sample ($) ME-IR08 14.00 plus 2. however. *The same element package is available by ICP-AES.Wavelength Dispersive XRF Analytes & Ranges (ppm) As 5-5.00 (Add-on price).01-100 MgO 0.000 Nb 2-10.000 Sr 2-10.01-100 SrO 0. The most accurate results will therefore be obtained using fusion as the separation procedure or through direct analysis.

C.01%-100% LOI at 1000°C.5-10.000 Tl 0. Analytes Description Major Elements: Si.03-1.05-1.5-10. Bi. Al.(Moisture) 0. Rb. H2O+ (Water of Crystallization) 0. ME-GRA05 10.Miscellaneous Techniques Analyte Range (ppm) Description H2O. Co.000 Dy 0.5-1. the volatile Au related trace elements are added using method ME-MS42 (page 19).000 W 1-10. Mn. LOI Lithium metaborate fusion.05-1.000 Lu 0.00 LOI/H2O 0. Ba. V.01-1. Yb. 35.000 Ho 0.000 Hf 0.03-1.Rare Earth & Trace Elements Using ICP-MS Fusion (Lithium Metaborate) Analytes & Ranges (ppm) Ag 1-1. Pb. Dy. ICP-AES. Code Price per Sample ($) OA-GRA10 12.000 Tb 0.00 OA-IR06 12. P. OA-GRA05 10. Cu. Trace Elements and REE’s: Ag. Na.000 Ce 0.000 Sn 1-10.000 Ba 0. This package uses the whole rock package ME-ICP06 (page 22) plus carbon and sulfur by Leco to quantify the major elements of the sample.000 Zr 0. Sr. Ca.000 Er 0. U. Hf.000 Gd 0.000 La 0.5-10. Ta.000 Co 0.000 Th 0.03-1.000 Ga 0.00 (Sold only as a complete package). Mo. La. Suite of elements above added to ME-ICP06 whole rock package.000 U 0. Sn.000 Ta 0. Eu. Code Price per Sample ($) CCP-PKG01 55. Tb.1-1. Mg. Tm. K. including the full rare earth suite.2-10. Ni. Se. Fe.5-10.03-1. W.05-1.000 Yb 0.000 Zn 5-10.00 (Sold only as a complete package). Individual Methods . ICP-MS. Nd.000 Nd 0. Ce. Hg.01-1. S By Leco.00 LOI 0.000 Ni 5-10. ICP-MS. Trace elements.1-10.000 Cs 0. Gd. Sb.1-10.5-10. Sm. Tl. Ti.2-10.000 Sr 0. are reported using ME-MS81 and from a separate aqua regia digestion.000 Sm 0. Zr Lithium borate fusion. Ga.000 Rb 0. Complete Characterization By combining a number of methods into one cost effective package. Volatiles: As.00 (Sold only as a complete package).000 Pr 0.2-10. a complete sample characterization can be obtained.1-10.000 V 5-10. Zn.000 Cr 10-10.00 23 .05-1. Cs. Y. Th.01-10.000 Tm 0.000 Code Price per Sample ($) ME-MS81 25.000 Mo 2-10. Ho. Cr.000 Nb 0. Pr.01%-100% LOI or Moisture by Thermal Gravimetric Analyzer.03-1. Lu.5-10.01-1.01%-100% Gravimetric procedure after drying at 105°C.01-1.000 Pb 5-10. Nb.000 Y 0. Er. Te Aqua regia.000 Eu 0.01%-100% By Leco.000 Cu 5-10.

The methods described in this section are suitable for most ores and high grade materials. Depending on the purpose of the analytical results. There is a need to be able to accurately quantify base metals and other commodity elements of value at higher concentrations. the assays for evaluation of ores and high grade materials are optimized for accuracy and precision at high concentrations. Please contact your nearest ALS Chemex laboratory should you require this type of analysis. in order to achieve the maximum accuracy. The Evaluation of Ores & High Grade Materials While analytical methods for geochemical exploration are optimized for low detection limits. ALS Chemex has the experience and a range of procedures to meet these requirements. such as titrimetric and gravimetric analysis. 24 . concentrations greater than 15%-20% may require the use of more expensive methods.Ores & High Grade Materials The focus of exploration is no longer just on gold.

01-60 Zr 0. + Add element symbol as prefix to method code.01-10 Ni 0.01-50 Th 0.01-20 Cu 0.01-100 Analyte by aqua regia digestion and ICP-AES or AAS.01-50 Mn 0.01-50 Fe 0.002-30 Zn 0. and ICP-AES or AAS.01-10 U 0.01-30 Mg 0.00/element + Add element symbol as prefix to method code.01-60 Cu 0.Wavelength Dispersive XRF Analytes & Ranges (%) Description Ba 0.01-30 K 0.01-30 Analyte by peroxide fusion and ICPAES.0001-10 Ni 0. Fusion (Peroxide) Analytes & Ranges (%) Description Al 0.00 plus 4.01-50 Bi 0.01-30 Cu 0.01-100 As 0.001-20 Pb 0. 25 .00/element (+)-AA62 7.01-40 Analyte by HF-HNO3-HClO4 digestion. Four Acid “Near-Total” Digestion Analytes & Ranges (%) Description Ag 1-1.01-15 Nb 0.01-30 Mo 0.00/element Code Price per Sample ($) (+)-OG62 9.01-30 Co 0.00/element Code Price per Sample ($) (+)-ICP81 10.00 plus 3.01-30 Mo 0. Fusion (Metaborate) .01-50 As 0. + Add element symbol as prefix to method code.01-50 As 0.01-20 Pb 0.05-10 P 0.01-40 Zn 0.1-30 Zn 0. HCl leach.01-20 Cr 0.001-10 Cd 0.01-60 Fe 0.001-10 Cd 0.500ppm Fe 0. Code Price per Sample ($) (+)-OG46 7.01-30 Mn 0.00 plus 2.001-10 Ni 0.00/element + Add element symbol as prefix to method code.01-50 Ta 0.01-30 Cr 0.01-50 Sn 0.500ppm Mn 0.01-30 S 0.00/element (+)-AA46 5.01-10 Co 0.00 plus 2. Code Price per Sample ($) (+)-XRF10 12.01-50 Analyte by metaborate fusion and XRF.01-50 W 0.05-100 Ti 0.Aqua Regia Digestion Analytes & Ranges (%) Description Ag 1-1.01-30 Co 0.005-30 Si 0.005-30 Ca 0.00 plus 4.00 plus 2.002-30 Pb 0.01-15 Sb 0.

001-35 Fe2O3 0.01-100 MgO 0. Nickel & Aluminium Ores Commodities such as iron ore and bauxite represent a substantial portion of the world’s mining and mineral exploration activity.01-50 Pb 0.001-75 Zn 0.001-1 CaO 0.01-50 Na2O 0.001-5 MgO 0. ALS Chemex is now capable of providing analytical services specifically tailored for these industries.Iron.001-15 TiO2 0.001-4 Note: Nickel sulfide ores are best characterized by the ME-ICP81 peroxide fusion package. 26 .01-70 TiO2 0.01-10 Ba 0.001-4 S 0.001-5 Zr 0.001-75 Cr 0.00 Nickel Laterites Fusion Analytes & Ranges (%) Ni 0.5 CaO 0.001-5 Al2O3 0.01-100 MnO 0.01-10 Co 0.001-1 SiO2 0.00 Code Price per Sample ($) ME-XRF12 40. Other ore types are available upon request. At ALS Chemex.001-10 LOI 0.001-3 Zn 0.01-100 SiO2 0.01-100 Cu 0.01-100 K2O 0.001-3 V 0.001-5 Co 0.001-20 Al2O3 0.01-75 Na2O 0.001-5 Cl 0.001-10 P2O5 0.3 Pb 0.001-2 Sn 0.01-30 As 0. Fusion followed by X-Ray fluorescence spectrometry is the preferred choice of procedure in the industry for the characterization of ores.01-5 Cu 0.001-1 MnO 0.001-20 Ni 0. Iron Ore Fusion (Lithium Metaborate) Analytes & Ranges (%) Fe 0.01-100 K2O 0.001-0.001-0.001-0. we have expanded our XRF capabilities with the purchase of three new state-of-the-art XRF spectrometers.001-3 Cr2O3 0.6 P 0. The main packages available are listed on the following pages.001-5 Sr 0.001-4 LOI 0.001-1 Code Price per Sample ($) ME-XRF11 45.

001-15 SO3 0.001-35 V2O5 0.001-100 CaO 0.00 A number of additional elements can be added to these packages upon request.001-25 BaO 0.01-100 ZrO2 0.001-4 Na2O 0.01-50 MnO 0.001-10 TiO2 0.01-50 SiO2 0.001-6 MgO 0.001-1 Code Price per Sample ($) ME-XRF13 40. Other mineral and commodity specific packages are also available.001-1 LOI 0.01-100 Fe2O3 0.Aluminium Ore (Bauxite) Fusion Analytes & Ranges (%) Al2O3 0.001-15 Zn 0.01-100 Cr2O3 0.01-100 P2O5 0.001-75 SrO 0. 27 .01-60 K2O 0.

ALS Chemex has used its experience and variety of instrumentation to tailor several specialty packages to specific needs commonly encountered in geological exploration. However. diamond exploration and much more. ALS Chemex has a wide range of flexibility in its capabilities so that no matter what your exploration objective is.Specialty Services There are many different reasons for analyzing geological samples. and in some cases. 28 . We would be pleased to discuss your project’s analytical needs should they fall outside the scope of the packages discussed in this section. the target of exploration may require specialized techniques. we have an analytical package to suit your needs. our range of specialty services is not limited to those listed on the following pages as we can also provide services such as geochronology and isotopic studies.

Another leaching agent commonly used for copper mineral selection is cyanide which will give the chalcocite. 29 . Cu-AA04 10. Cu-AA17 12. We would be pleased to discuss the specific analytical requirements for your projects. For each project and mineral type.005-30 Cu by sodium peroxide fusion and ICP-AES. For example.01-10 Citric acid leach and AAS.2.01-10 Cyanide leach and AAS. and ICPAES or AAS. A few of the leaches available from ALS Chemex for this type of work are listed below. Analyte Range (%) Description Code Price per Sample ($) Cu (Oxide) 0. Cu results are reported for sulfuric acid soluble.00 Cu - Cu-PKG06 30. This information can be obtained by leaching samples with different chemicals. citric acid can be used to leach the mineral from the matrix.00 Cu 0. Cu-OG62 11. AAS or ICP-AES finish. Custom methods using different leaches and conditions are available on request.00 Cu (NonSulfide) 0. to determine a sample’s tenorite (oxide copper) content. cyanide soluble and total. adjustments to leach conditions and chemicals will be needed to ensure the correct mineral types are being targeted. Complementary multi-element methods and packages can be found elsewhere in this service schedule. HCl leach. The mineral forms listed as being solubilized in each leach are meant as a guide only and there can be quite different outcomes depending on the sample matrix and specific mineralogy. Analyte Range (%) Description Code Price per Sample ($) Ore Grade Cu 0. Cu-OG46 9.01-50 Cu by aqua regia digestion.Copper The methods described below are commonly used when copper is the main target commodity.00 Cu 0.01-100 Cu by HNO3-HCl-HCl4-H2SO4 acid digestion and electro-deposition according to ISO 10258.00 Cu 0. bornite and a portion of the chalcopyrite contents of the sample.001-10 Sulfuric acid leach and AAS.00 Cu 0. azurite. The results of the preceding are often referred to as “acid soluble” copper and “non-sulfide” copper.01-100 Cu by HNO3-HCl-HCl4-H2SO4 acid digestion. Cu-VOL61 35. Cu-ICP81 12. Malachite. short iodide titration according to ISO 10258.00 Concentrates Mineralogical Assays Evaluation of copper prospects often involves the need to know more about the mineral forms the copper is present in. Cu-ELE61 150.01-50 Cu by HF-HNO3-HClO4 digestion. chrysocolla and portions of the cuprite. in addition to tenorite can be leached using sulfuric acid.00 Cu sequential analysis. Cu-AA05 10.00 Cu 0.

01-1.05-500 Mo 0.000 Sr 0.1-10.05-10.000 Ca 0.05-500 Te 0.1-10.02-1.01%-25% Se 0.1-500 Co 0.01-100 Cs 0.000 Zn 2-10.000 Ti 0.2-10.2-10.000 Th 0.01%-50% Nb 0.2-10.01%-25% K 0.05-1.05-1. but the basics of analytical geochemistry related to uranium exploration have not.02-10.1-500 Ta 0.01%-10% W 0.000 Cr 1-10.000 Sb 0.2-10.75 .000 La 0.5-10.005%-10% Ba 10-10.1-10.000 Na 0.2-10.1-10.1-500 Pb 0.000 Zn 2-10.01%-50% Nb 0.5-500 Co 0.01-500 Li 0.01-500 As 0. particularly soils and sediment samples containing non-resistate and soluble mineral forms are effectively solubilized using an oxidizing acid digestion such as aqua regia.05-500 Mo 0. HNO3.000 Tl 0.000 Zr 0.000 Cd 0.01%-50% Fe 0.000 In 0. HCl) “near-total” digestion followed by ICP-MS finish.2-10.01-100 Cu 0.000 Ni 0.01%-25% Cu 0.005%-10% Bi 0. Analytes & Ranges (ppm) 30 U 0.01%-50% K 0.1-10.000 Th 0.01%-10% S 0.000 Cr 1-10.000 Sc 0.000 Cs 0.02-500 Li 0.001-50 W 0.05-500 P 10-10.000 Mn 5-50.01-10.2-10.005-500 Re 0.25 Uranium in Semi-Resistate Mineral Forms By Four Acid “Near-Total” Digestion For rock samples. Analytes & Ranges (ppm) U 0.000 Tl 0.01%-10% Re 0.000 Hf 0.01%-10% Sr 0.000 Ti 0.05-500 Cd 0.000 Mg 0.2-1.2-10.000 B 10-10. Regulations governing workplace and environmental stewardship with respect to these samples may have changed.000 Hg 0. Uranium in Non-Resistate Minerals & Soils By Aqua Regia Digestion Non-resistate mineralization.000 V 1-10.05-10.5-10.05-500 Ba 10-10.000 Ga 0.000 Bi 0.1-10.000 Al 0.2-10.5-500 Code Price per Sample ($) ME-MS61u 33.000 Ge 0.05-500 P 10-10.000 Te 0.1-10.05-10.05-10.000 Be 0.2-10.000 Zr 0.000 Be 0.05-10.000 Se 1-1.005-500 Rb 0.01-10.000 Sn 0.000 Ni 0.02-10.000 Fe 0. the recommended analytical package for oxide and secondary oxide minerals is a four acid (HF.Specialty Services Uranium A global resurgence in the uranium market has kindled a level of interest in uranium exploration that has not been seen for many years.1-10. Most analytical laboratories have not had to deal with the issues of handling radioactive samples.05-100 As 0.000 Al 0.000 Mg 0.01-500 Au 0.1-10.000 La 0.2-10.2-500 Ag 0.000 Sn 0.2-500 Ag 0.000 Hf 0.05-10.000 Sb 0.05-10.000 Ge 0.000 Rb 0. HClO4. Many explorationists today have limited experience in the details of uranium deposit occurrence.000 Ce 0.05-10.000 Ca 0.000 S 0.02-500 Pb 0.01%-10% Y 0.000 Ce 0.000 Code Price per Sample ($) ME-MS41u 28.1-10.2-10.01%-10% Ta 0.01%-50% Sc 0.002-50 V 1-10.000 Na 0.01-10.000 In 0.2-25 Ga 0.000 Y 0. ALS Chemex has experience that spans the time of the last uranium exploration boom.000 Mn 5-100.

000 Zr 0.000 Eu 0. X-Ray Fluorescence & NAA Analyte Range (ppm) Description U 4-10. high temperature fusion to dissolve resistive minerals.1-10.000 Ba 0.000 Cu 5-10.000 Tl 0.000 Y 0.05-1.05-1.000 Tm 0.000 Ni 5-10.000 Hf 0.01-1.2-10.000 La 0.000 Pb 5-10.00 31 .000 Cs 0.01-10.000 U by neutron activation. XRF.000 Er 0.000 Mo 2-10.000 Lu 0.2-10.5-10. and ICP-MS finish for low detection limits. U-XRF10 15.05-1. A lithium metaborate fusion followed by an ICP-MS finish includes the widest range of elements.000 Ce 0.000 Ho 0.000 Cr 10-10.50 Code Price per Sample ($) U by pressed pellet.000 Sr 0. and sphene) require either a fusion to solubilize the elements or direct determination on the solid.000 Zn 5-10.000 Ag 1-1.05-1.000 V 5-10.5-10.000 Pr 0.03-1.00 U 0.000 U 0.000 Th 0.000 Gd 0.01%-15% U by lithium metaborate fusion.5-10.000 Co 0.03-1.000 Sm 0.000 Dy 0.1-10.03-1.5-10. U-NAA05 30.2-10.000 Nb 0.5-10.03-1.01-1.5-1. zircon.000 Note: Major elements can be added with the addition of the ME-ICP06 whole rock package.01-1.000 Sn 1-10.000 W 1-10.000 Ga 0.000 Ta 0. Analytes & Ranges (ppm) Code Price per Sample ($) ME-MS81u 37.Uranium in Resistate Mineral Forms By Fusion Resistate minerals (including apatite. monazite. XRF.03-1.1-1.000 Yb 0. U-XRF05 10.00 U 0.01-1.5-10.000 Tb 0.000 Nd 0.000 Rb 0.1-10.2-10.

0005 Ni 0. these types of strong acid digestions are less selective and the bulk chemistry of the overburden may mask the presence of trace elements.001 Zr 0.0001 Y 0.003 Gd 0.0001 Sm 0. Analytes & Lower Reporting Limits (ppm) Description Cu 0.1 Sc 0.00 0.0001 Sn 0.2 Nd 0.0002 Co 0. but not limited to.0001 Ti 0.001 Ni 0.00 0.005 Th 0.003 U 0. We also offer the proprietary leach method Mobile Metal Ion (MMI) technology.0001 Mn 0.001 Ce 0.001 Fe 0.00 for first 3 elements Additional elements 0.01 W 0.0001 Pb 0.0005 MMI-L leach for precious metals (ICP-MS) analysis in saline environments and water absorbing samples. however.0001 Tl 0.0001 Au 0. which are loosely attached to the surface soil particles.003 Nb 0.01 22.005 Zn 0.01 Te 0.001 Bi 0.75 each Ca 0.Mobile Metal Ion Leaches MMI analysis is performed by ALS Chemex under a licensing arrangement with Wamtech Pty Ltd.001 28. There are a variety of weaker leaches that are effective in selectively dissolving specific components of the sample.02 MMI-A leach for base metals (ICP-MS).0002 Sr 0. In all cases instrumental analysis is carried out using ICP-MS.01 0.00 Ag 0.0001 Cr 0.Specialty Services Selective Leach Geochemistry Mineral exploration is moving into mature terrain and the best potential often lies beneath deep overburden.00001 Ni 0.00 All elements above. In the right geological environment the MMI Process enables the detection of deeply buried mineralization using a surface soil medium.01 Zn 0. owners of the technology. ME-MS18 34.01 Mo 0. cold and hot hydroxylamine hydrochloride and sodium pyrophosphate leaches.001 MMI-M: Neutral pH.015 Co 0.0001 Sb 0. MMI . MMI uses proprietary leach reagents suitable for the extraction of the target elements. pathfinders and litho-discriminators. through the dissolution and subsequent measurement of mobile metal ions.0005 Pd 0.0001 Yb 0.0002 MMI-M complete package.0001 Pd 0.001 Mg 0. ME-MS09 28.02 Er 0. We offer non-proprietary methods including.0001 Cu 0. Contact an ALS Chemex representative who can discuss your needs for your particular exploration projects.0001 La 0.01 Tb 0.01 Rb 0. ME-MS17 As Ba 0.001 Au Price per Sample ($) Pb 0.00025 ME-MS10 28.003 Co 0.001 Pr 0.01 Cd 0.0001 Li 0. 32 Code . ME-MS16 Ag Ag 0. buffered leach for multi-element analysis of commodity elements. Au 0.0001 MMI-B leach for precious metals (ICP-MS). Subtle anomalies can be detected using conventional analytical methods.01 Cd 0. ALS Chemex offers a wide variety of selective leaches to allow our clients to select the leach which is most applicable to their geological and surficial geochemical field environment.0003 Pd 0.

005 Mg 1 Ti 1 Co 0.01 Lu 0.Cold Hydroxylamine Hydrochloride The cold hydroxylamine leach has been used extensively by explorationists because it is selective for manganese oxides.01 Al 1 Ge 0. long known to be powerful scavengers of heavy metals of geochemical significance.05 Te 0. ME-MS05 35.05 Y 0.005 Rb 0.005 Na 10 U 0. cobalt. which combines a higher concentration of hydroxylamine with elevated temperature (60°C) and a reducing acid environment. A solution of neutral (pH 7) sodium pyrophosphate liberates these organically-bound heavy metals.05 Pr 0. iron and aluminium have been used as indications of buried mineral deposits.2 Ga 0.005 Nd 0.01 Ce 0. ME-MS07 35.002 Gd 0.05 Bi 0.01 V 0. Analyte & Lower Reporting Limits (ppm) Description Code Price per Sample ($) Ag 0.5 B 2 Ho 0.005 Tb 0. This leach does not dissolve crystalline iron oxides but does dissolve very small amounts of amorphous hydrous iron oxide.05 Mo 0.01 Tm 0.005 Sr 0.001 Cold hydroxylamine hydrochloride leach with ICP-MS.05 Nb 0.1 Zn 0. 33 .00 Er 0.005 Fe 5 Pb 0.005 Zr 0.05 Cd 0. zinc.01 Br 2 La 0.05 Dy 0. Hot Hydroxylamine Hydrochloride The hot hydroxylamine leach.005 W 0. leach times and conditions as specified to meet particular needs are available upon request.005 Ni 0.005 Ba 0.005 Cs 0. ME-MS06 35. Variations in the concentrations of organically-bound metals such as copper. Extraction with pyrophosphate does not attack sulfides. nickel. nor does it dissolve significant amounts of amorphous iron oxides.05 Mn 0. manganese oxide has an extraordinarily high cation exchange capacity.005 K 5 Ta 0.005 Au 0.1 Re 0.01 Sb 0.005 Hot hydroxylamine hydrochloride leach with ICP-MS.00 As 0.1 Tl 0. Leaches using other reagents.005 Th 0. this leach can be quite informative about metal ion mobility. As amorphous hydrous iron oxide is a much more effective scavenger than crystalline forms of iron oxide.05 Hg 0. Manganese forms several oxidation states and exists in a variety of amorphous and crystalline forms.005 Sm 0.05 Final pH of leach solution.1 Se 0.00 Ca 10 Li 0.005 Eu 0.05 Be 0.005 Cu 0.05 I 0.1 Hf 0. As a result.01 Sodium pyrophosphate leach with ICP-MS. is capable of effectively dissolving amorphous hydrous iron oxide while leaving crystalline iron oxide substantially intact (typically <1% dissolution).1 Sn 0. Sodium Pyrophosphate Organic matter in soils and sediments is capable of forming chelation complexes with metals.005 P 5 Yb 0. accommodating many different trace elements on its surfaces.005 Cr 0.05 In 0.

ZrO2. SiO2. please contact your local office.00 Fusion.00 Zircons Any of the following: ZrO2. Co. Fe2O3. TiO2. K2O. MgO.00 Silicates SiO2. Cr2O3. P. 34 Ore/ Product Analytes Description Bauxite Total Al2O3. ICP-AES. ICP-AES. Fe2O3. Fe2O3. ME-ICP86 55. the specialty facilities are available for the analysis of precious metal bullions and metallurgical materials such as carbon from leach circuits. Al2O3. CaO. In addition to concentrate work. TiO2. Al2O3. SiO2. Na2O. Dolomite. SiO2. CaO. CaO.00 Nickel Laterites Ni. MnO. ALS Chemex maintains separate laboratory facilities for the testing of mineral concentrates. Magnetite. SiO2. as a minimum. ICP-AES. ICP-AES. Al2O3. K2O. which is done using traditional techniques carried out in duplicate. ICP-AES. TiO2. Al2O3. These control assays require meticulous work by highly trained laboratory professionals to obtain accurate and highly precise data. There are additional specialized packages for the analysis of other ores and products. and employs registered assayers to oversee the work. Analyte Description Ag Cd K P Sb Acid Insolubles As Co Mg Pb Se Moisture Au Cr Mn Pd Sn Bi Cu Mo Pt Te C Fe Na Rh V Ca Hg Ni S Zn Analyte Ag Cd Fe Mo Pd Si As Co Hg Ni Pt Sn Au Cr Mn Pb Sb Zn Bi Cu Price per Sample ($) Analysis in concentrates. Cr2O3. In cases of buyer/seller dispute. Mineral Sands & Industrial Minerals The packages listed below are only a subset of those available at ALS Chemex.00 Limestone. Nb2O5. SiO2 ME-ICP83 180. ALS Chemex will perform umpire analyses of concentrate materials with the same careful attention to detail and even greater precision. Fusion. P2O5. CaO. MnO. P2O5. LOI Fusion. HfO2. Fusion. CaO. detection limits and precisions for any of the above listed elements or parameters. MgO. LOI ME-ICP85 55. Fe2O3. SrO. Fusion.00 Intermediate Plant Products Any of the following: TiO2. Please consult with a laboratory representative for more information. Na2O.00 Iron Ore Total Fe. MgO. MgO. TiO2. SiO2. ME-ICP88 55. ICP-AES. Al2O3 ME-ICP94 145. MnO. ICP-AES. Total Fe as Fe2O3. MgO. TiO2. V2O5. By quotation Description Price per Sample ($) Umpire analysis. procedural details. P2O5. LOI Fusion. P2O5. ME-ICP87 55.Specialty Services Commercial & Industrial Mineral Analysis Concentrate. LOI Fusion. LOI ME-ICP93 55. Al2O3. Magnesia CaO. Code Price per Sample ($) . By quotation *For details on the applicable codes. MnO. MgO. Fe. Metallurgical Material & Bullion Analysis The analysis of mine concentrate samples is a critical step in the purchase and sale of these commodities.

which determines whether a particular sample will theoretically generate acidity over time. Tests are carried out in humidity cells typically using 7-day test cycles. In addition. If the production of sulfuric acid exceeds its neutralization by alkaline materials. yields a figure known as Net Neutralization Potential (NNP). Alkalinity. Code Price per Sample ($) ABA-PKG10 By quotation 35 . These alkaline minerals can effectively neutralize acid-generating and alkaline materials. population density and growth. This procedure. oxygenation. known as Acid-Base Accounting (ABA). Static Test Using Acid-Base Accounting Our acid rock drainage static test has been designed to measure the balance between potentially acid-generating minerals (maximum potential acidity) and acid-neutralizing minerals (neutralization potential) in a sample. there are different static test options. the sulfuric acid may be partially or completely neutralized. the rate of acid generation is accelerated by certain bacterial species such as Thiobacillus ferrooxidans. Acid-generating minerals include the various mineral forms of pyrite as well as other common sulfide minerals such as arsenopyrite and chalcopyrite. then the result is acid rock drainage.00 115. and nutrient concentrations. temperature.00 √ √ 105. Conductivity. The rate of acid generation is extremely complex and is affected by such variables as pH. Acidity. However. particle size and sulfide mineral species.00 95. other species in the waste rock frequently include alkaline minerals such as calcite as well. humidity. thus lowering pH and causing increased levels of dissolved trace metals. Parameters pH. Trace Elements ICP-MS Scan. Depending on the amount of alkaline material present.00 105. Parameters Method Code ABA-PKG01 ABA-PKG02 ABA-PKG03 ABA-PKG04 ABA-PKG05 Net Neutralization Potential (NNP) √ √ √ √ √ Maximum Potential Acidity (MPA) √ √ √ √ √ Neutralization Potential & Fizz Rating √ √ √ √ √ Ratio (Neutralization Potential:MPA) √ √ √ √ √ Paste pH √ √ √ √ √ Total Sulfur √ √ √ √ √ HCl-leachable Sulfate √ √ √ √ Sulfide √ √ √ √ Total Sulfate (Carbonate Leach) √ √ Inorganic Carbon (CO2) Price per Sample ($) 65. Samples are subjected to chemical weathering under controlled laboratory conditions.00 Kinetic Tests Using Humidity Cells Kinetic tests are used to further evaluate samples which were identified to have net acid generating potential. both in the short term and over extended periods of time. both in the short term (Static Test) and over extended periods of time (Humidity Cells). ALS Chemex offers different methods to assess the acid generating potential of your waste piles. Depending on the parameters included. Sulfate. The degree of bacterial action depends in turn upon such factors as pH.Acid Generation Potential Evaluation Natural oxidation of sulfide minerals in rocks and tailings by a combination of chemical and biological weathering can result in the formation of sulfuric acid.

to the full extent permitted by law. representations. turnaround required. 7. care and diligence that would be exercised by professional service providers in similar circumstances. (‘terms’) whether expressed or implied. report and its contents. ALS Chemex reserves the right to review prices at any time if significant changes to our costs are incurred that are beyond our control eg changes in legislative requirements or Client variations to sample numbers. Subject to the Clients approval. proceedings or demands covenants. warehouse. (f) fire. 9. Unless otherwise agreed. refuse to provide services sprinkler or other water damage. it is the client’s responsibility to inform him or herself fully as to ALS Chemex’s detection limits and confidence intervals relevant to that particular set of assay results. 36 Chemex may in its absolute discretion. The Client may terminate its obligations under this Agreement in the event of a substantial breach by ALS Chemex in its obligations hereunder. The service provided is subject to detection limits and confidence intervals inherent in our current methodology. sample disposal is the responsibility of that cannot be modified or excluded then such terms shall deem the client. damaged or destroyed. indirect or consequential damages arising from the Clients limited to exercising the reasonable care and diligence as required use of ALS Chemex’s services or reports. or its where it determines the provision of such services may pose a health or safety hazard. For samples. 19. ALS Chemex will provide the services by exercising the same degree of skill. 15. then ALS Chemex may engage a third party service provider. it is agreed that. The responsibility of ALS Chemex for client’s goods is strictly special. The Client acknowledges that during the performance of the services the samples or parts thereof may be altered.com/downloads/downloads-credit appform. which breach is not remedied within 30 days of written notice from ALS Chemex requiring the breach to be remedied. Except as provided in clause 19 above. claims. ALS Chemex may suspend or terminate its obligations under this Agreement if (a) monies payable to ALS Chemex by the client are outstanding 60 days or more (unless otherwise agreed). The Client hereby releases and indemnifies and shall continue to release and indemnify ALS Chemex. lost. damaged or destroyed. fax or email. reporting requirements and such. All of ALS Chemex other obligations. transport and disposal of samples submitted.Terms & Conditions 1. Samples may be collected within 90 days of receiving to be included. natural deterioration of packing material over time. unless otherwise agreed in writing prior to sample submission. (including any costs and expenses in defending or servicing same) 20. undertakings. (d) theft. the re-performance of the service or the refund of the service fee. This Agreement is valid for 30 days from the issue date unless specifically indicated otherwise. 16. lost. 14. However. the “Agreement” to the client. The Client shall not unreasonably withhold such approval. 6. . ALS the report. ALS 2. in relation to the services. Where any legislation implies any terms in this Agreement 18. Because each client is reliant upon assay results for a particular purpose and often in a unique geological or metallurgical context. the report. Payment terms are 30 days from invoice date. 4. 17. injury. The Client will give written notice of all known safety or health accompanying tender. contents. ALS Chemex may assign or subcontract the storage and handling of pulps and rejects under this agreement without prior written approval of the client. client’s goods are stored which may be brought against it or them. Uncollected samples may incur a storage or disposal Chemex liability to the Client is limited at ALS Chemex’s option to charge. and whether whatsoever. ALS Chemex will provide the services described in the 12. (c) services or report of ALS Chemex. ALS Chemex shall not be liable to the Client or any third party for any samples so altered. The Client acknowledges that it is the client’s sole responsibility to make its own assessment of the suitability for any purpose of the service. and if ALS Chemex considers it appropriate. quotation. including. in respect of any loss.htm) or arrange for payment prior to our release of results. storage. at the clients exclusive risk of loss. (b) ordinary wear and tear in handling. (e) 10. Without limiting the generality of clause 7. (c) by giving the Client 60 days written notice of their intention to do so. the Client should obtain coverage for fire and Chemex will not be liable to the Client or any other person for any theft. 11. or at a third party storage facility sub-contracted full extent permitted by any applicable laws having jurisdiction. subject to credit approval. To the full extent permitted by law ALS Chemex excludes all warranties. submit a credit application (available at www. damage or delay in delivery death. analytes requested. letter. 13. ALS by ALS Chemex. The placement of an order for or receipt of samples for analysis based on this Agreement will constitute acceptance of these Terms & Conditions by the client.alschemex. 5. 3. 21. employees and agents from and against all actions. to the facility. unless they are expressly agreed to in writing by an authorized representative of ALS Chemex. testing. conditions or undertakings. loss. without limitation. which breach has not been remedied within 30 days of written notice from the client requiring the breach to be remedied. (b) other substantial breach by the client of their obligations hereunder. illness or damage to persons or property. its officers. howsoever arising out of the use of the control of ALS Chemex. warranties and conditions. hereafter called hazards and special procedures applicable to the safe handling. pulps and rejects that are in storage at an ALS Chemex 8. damage or delay direct or indirect and in respect of any breach of any industrial or caused through (a) any action or failure to act beyond the reasonable intellectual property rights. you may wish to contact our credit department prior to submitting samples to check the status of your existing trade account. terms. are excluded. ALS Chemex will retain client data for 3 years only from date of final report. by statute. To ensure timely release of results.

Preferred Methods of Analysis for Geological Materials .

1 Burma Road. No 57 Pinarbasi Izmir 35160 Tel: 90 232 479 2222 Fax: 90 232 479 0722 USA Elko 2056 Last Chance Road Elko. Los Vinedos Hermosillo. Nevada 89801 Tel: 1 775 738 2054 Fax: 1 775 738 1728 Fairbanks 1060 Bush Street Fairbanks. Industrial Bocanegra Callao1-Peru Tel: 51 1 574 5700 Fax: 51 1 574 0721 Antofagasta Calle Juan Gutemberg 424 Galpon 17&18. Ontario P3A 4N8 Tel: 1 705 560 7225 Fax: 1 705 560 6688 Thunder Bay Unit 5. 28 New Industrial Area Mkuyuni. Western Australia 6090 Tel: 61 8 9347 3222 Fax: 61 8 9347 3232 Townsville 21 Bombala Street. CP 44460 Guadalajara. Sonora 83147 Tel: 52 662 218 4403 Fax: 52 662 218 4487 Arequipa Av.ALS Chemex www.7 Carretera a Vinto. Unit 3 Sparks.com Argentina Mendoza Altos Homos Zapla 1605 Godoy Cruz. Ecuador Tel: 593 2 247 6475 Fax: 593 2 247 0968 Ghana Kumasi Plot 1-4. Urb. Queensland 4053 Tel: 61 7 3243 7222 Fax: 61 7 3243 7218 Kalgoorlie 5 Keogh Way.200-000 Belo Horizonte Tel: 55 31 3621 3907 Fax: 55 31 3621 8433 Luziania Modulo 22. No 165 Quadra 15 Cidade Nova Parauapebas. Lao PDR Tel: 856 21 31 3438 Fax: 856 21 31 3946 Mexico Chihuahua Avenida de las Industias No 6500 Col. Kalgoorlie Western Australia 6430 Tel: 61 8 9021 1457 Fax: 61 8 9021 6253 Karratha 1535 Pyramid Road. Quadra 27 VPD-DIAL. Alice Springs Northern Territory 0870 Tel: 61 8 8952 6020 Fax: 61 8 8952 6028 Brisbane 32 Shand Street. Local 5 Fracc. Alaska 99709-5512 Tel: 1 907 452 2188 Fax: 1 907 452 2227 Reno 994 Glendale Avenue. Kenyata Road Mwanza Tel: 255 28 255 0486 Fax: 255 28 255 0487 Turkey Izmir 419 Sokak. Ghana Laos Vientiane 287 Ban Saphanethong Rd Ban Saphanethong Neau Vientiane.alsglobal. Karratha Western Australia 6714 Tel: 61 8 9144 2577 Fax: 61 8 9144 1355 Orange 10 Leewood Drive. Orange New South Wales 2800 Tel: 61 2 6393 1100 Fax: 61 2 6393 1111 Perth 31 Denninup Way. Venezuela K-4. Caixa Postal 138 Luziania. Mendoza Tel: 54 261 431 9880 Fax: 54 261 432 1445 Australia Adelaide Unit 1. Box) 17-17-339 Quito. Casilla 127 Coquimbo Tel: 56 2 6546135 Fax: 56 2 6546163 Lima Calle 1 LT-1A Mz-D esq.Michel y Amapola Sector Reforma. Eloy Alfaro y Antonia Basantes s/n. Nevada 89445 Tel: 1 775 625 4192 Fax: 1 775 625 4178 . PA CEP:68. Antofagasta Tel: 56 55 298 431 Fax: 56 55 295 895 Ecuador Quito Ave. Jalisco 44460 Tel: 52 333 619 7438 Fax: 52 333 619 4616 Hermosillo Ignacio Salazar 688.515-000 Tel: 55 94 3346 2280 Fax: 55 94 3346 1034 Canada Burlington (Admin Office) 5420 Mainway Drive . GO CEP 72. Ontario P4R 1M9 Tel: 1 705 360 1987 Val-d’Or 1322B Harricana Val-d’Or. Queensland 4814 Tel: 61 7 4796 0600 Fax: 61 7 4796 0620 Bolivia Oruro Avenida 24 De Junio S/N KM 2.Unit 5 Burlington. Pooraka Adelaide.O. Urb Juan el Bueno Cercado Arequipa Tel: 51 54 28 1203 Fax: 51 54 28 1203 Trujillo Av. Unit 10 Timmins. Los Cisnes 109. Malaga Perth. Los Pinos Trujillo. 1160 Commerce Street Thunder Bay. Block A New Brofoyedu North-East Kumasi. C. Quebec J9P 3X6 Tel: 1 819 825 0178 Fax: 1 819 825 0256 Vancouver 212 Brooksbank Ave North Vancouver.Mineral Division . Ontario L7L 6A4 Tel: 1 905 331 3111 Fax: 1 905 331 4567 Sudbury 1512 Old Falconbridge Road Sudbury. BC V7J 2C1 Tel: 1 604 984 0221 Fax: 1 604 984 0218 Chile Peru La Serena Avenida La Fragua 1100 Barrio Industrial Chanar Alto Penuelas. Casilla (P. Setor Agro Industrial. Entre R. Stafford Brisbane.814-300 Tel: 55 61 3620 1858 Fax: 55 61 3620 1633 Parauapebas Rua 4. 31156 Tel: 52 614 417 9728 Fax: 52 614 482 2244 Guadalajara FCO. South Australia 5095 Tel: 61 8 8359 0890 Fax: 61 8 8359 0875 Alice Springs 13 Price Street. Nevada 89431-5730 Tel: 1 775 356 5395 Fax: 1 775 355 0179 Winnemucca 3275 Fountain Way Winnemucca. Colonia San Carlos.P. Zona Industrial Nombre de dios Chihuahua. Garbutt Townsville. Ontario P7E 6E9 Tel: 1 807 475 3329 Fax: 1 807 475 9196 Timmins The Timmins Industrial Centre 2090 Riverside Drive. Oruro Tel: 591 2 527 8235 Fax: 591 2 527 8234 Brazil Belo Horizonte Rua São Paulo 685 Vespasiano MG 33. La Libertad Tel: 51 44 28 0351 Fax: 51 44 28 0351 South Africa Johannesburg 3 Friesland Drive Long Meadow Business Park South Edenvale 1610 Tel: 27 0 11 608 0555 Fax: 27 0 11 608 3163 Sweden Pitea Hammarvägen 22 SE-943 36 Öjebyn Tel: 46 911 65 800 Fax: 46 911 60 085 Tanzania Mwanza Plot No. calle A Urb. Silva Romero (Antes Jazmin) #1140.