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DRTC S e m i n a r ( 1 1 ) ( 1 9 7 4 ) .

P a p e r M.

NATIONAL INFORMATION CENTRE FOR FISHERY SCIENCE :
A PROPOSAL.
P G KRISHNAMURTY, C e n t r a l M a r i n e F i s h e r i e s R e s e a r c h
I n s t i t u t e , Regional C e n t r e , M a r i n e F i s h e r i e s 623520.
A b r i e f d e s c r i p t i o n of F i s h e r i e s in
India is given.
The u s e r s and t h e i r i n f o r mational needs are discussed.
A general
plan for t h e establishment of the National
Information Centre for Fishery Science is
given.

1

FISHERIES INDUSTRY

The f i s h e r i e s industry of I n d i a , comprising of
marine and inland f i s h e r i e s , has made tremendous progress during the past twenty-five years. The l a r g e s c a l e expansion in f i s h e r i e s and operation of mechanized trawlers has contributed s u b s t a n t i a l l y to an
increase in the t o t a l annual f i s h production,
This
in turn has contributed to the general economy of
the country. This is not s u r p r i s i n g , since India with
a v a s t c o a s t l i n e , and a number of r i v e r s , is r i c h in
marine and fresh water fishery resources.
However,
it has been pointed out t h a t i n t e n s i v e research in
f i s h e r i e s is required f o r the proper e x p l o i t a t i o n of
these n a t u r a l resources (4) , and also that a close
cooperation of a l l agencies connected with f i s h e r i e s
development and research is e s s e n t i a l (7) . In t h i s
connection, it may be noted t h a t while the t o t a l
annual fish, requirement to meet the protein r e q u i r e ment of people in I n d i a is about 8.3 million t o n s ,
292

Other marine resources are the catfishes. As regards marine fish production. The c u l t u r a b l e f r e s h . m u l l e t s .w a t e r and brackish water f i s h e r i e s . In recent times. r e s e a r c h and conservational aspects. The commercially i m p o r t a n t fresh water fishery resources are carps. 2 BRANCHES OF FISHERIES 'The f i e l d of f i s h e r i e s embraces every method f o r p u r s u i n g and c a p t u r i n g a c q u a t i o animals — g e n e r a l l y . and (c) F i s h e r i e s t e c h n o l o g y . 22 Inland Fisheries I n l a n d f i s h e r i e s i n c l u d e b o t h f r e s h . 23 F i s h e r i e s Technology Fisheries technology is basically concerned with the development of craft. 359 km l e n g t h of major r i v e r s and their tributaries (3).w a t e r r e s o u r c e s in I n d i a a r e 16 l a k h ha.I n f o r m a t i o n Centre f o r F i s h e r i e s M23 t h e annual f i s h p r o d u c t i o n i s only £ m i l l i o n t o n s ( 3 ) . The commercially important marine fisheries resources are oil sardines. and processing methods. the use of marine plankton as food is being investigated. marine algae. Bombay ducks. c h a n o s . 21 Marine F i s h e r i e s Marine fisheries is that branch of fisheries which deals primarily with marine fishes and other sea products. The objectives of research on processing methods are to 293 . I t can c o n v e n i e n t l y b e d i v i ded i n t o (a) Marine f i s h e r i e s . (b) I n l a n d f i s h e r i e s . crabs. tunas and the prawns. mackerels. t h e f i s h e s — and i n c l u d e s o p e r a t i o n a l . and prawns. etc. polynomids . oysters. gear.2 million tonnes in 1971 (6). India has reached 1. This I s i n a d d i t i o n to t h e 27. and c u l t u r a b l e brackish water resources are 20 lakh ha. pomfrets.

crustaceans. Among t h e r e s e a r c h e r s who a r e g r a s p e d w i t h p r o b l e m s o f f i s h e r y research are the p h y s i c i s t s . beginning for the s e a and i n l a n d w a t e r s f i s h e r i e s research should aim a t s t u d y i n g t h e d i s t r i b u t i o n and a b u n d a n c e o f fishery resources. etc. B u t . f i s h e r i e s r e s e a r c h was c o n c e n t r a t e d m a i n l y o n n a t u r a l h i s t o r y and b i o l o g y o f fishes. s i n c e now we aim at e x p l o i t i n g the resources of the f o r i m m e d i a t e u s e o f man. 31 I n t e r d i s c i p l i n a r y Approach W h i l e f i s h e r i e s r e s e a r c h was t h e poly of the b i o l o g i s t s s e n t . product d i v e r s i f i c a t i o n . and u t i l i s a t i o n o f b y p r o d u c t s and w a s t e s (5). the pre- forced an i n t e r - d i s c i p l i n a r y a p p r o a c h t o .study t h e p r o b l e m s . improvement o f microbial c h a r a c t e r i s t i c s . 3 TREND OF PRESENT MY RESEARCH Formerly. These s t u d i e s were n e c e s s a r y i n t h e d e v e l o p m e n t of f i s h e r i e s . so to say. bio- While t h e che- m i s t s a n d b i o c h e m i s t s were s t u d y i n g t h e p r o b l e m s r e l a t e d t o p r o c e s s i n g and p r e s e r v a t i o n o f t h e c a t c h e s .d a y needs have. chemists. t h e m a j o r i n v e s t m e n t and e f f o r t s of f i s h e r i e s r e s e a r c h s h o u l d b e c o n c e n t r a t e d o n t h e magn i t u d e of catches in different regions b l e . chemists. shore areas. e x c l u s i v e mono- in the e a r l i e r times.reasons f o r t h e changes i n t h e and t h e p o s s i - ecological environ- ment'. 294 . exploitation of resources in off- ecological aspects of living resources.M23 Krishnamurty minimise wastage during p r o c e s s i n g . different m o l l u s c s and o t h e r a c q u a t i c f o r m s . e n g i n e e r s and b i o l o g i s t s . Therefore. This b r a n c h o f f i s h e r i e s h a s made c o n s i d e r a b l e p r o g r e s s i n "recent t i m e s .

32 Important Research I n s t i t u t e s and Government Organisations A large amount of research' and development work has been done by the following research i n s t i t u t e s and organisations for the development of f i s h e r i e s in the country (1) : 1 Central Marine F i s h e r i e s Research I n s t i t u t e (= CMFRI). fish farming on s c i e n t i f i c l i n e s is gaining importance a l l over the world. Further. In the f i r s t p h a s e . the development of f i s h i n g devices such \ as underwater devices. has increased the world f i s h production. In the second phase. developments i n d i cate a change in the trend of research — that i s . along with the development of new methods for handling the fishing gear. In the t h i r d phase. the introduction of mechanical propulsion in the middle of the 19th century resulted in increased production. . the introduction of deep-sea trawlers and other new kinds of v e s s e l s also contributed to the increase in production. appropriate culture-methods have to be evolved by f i s h e r y biol o g i s t s by conducting p i l o t culture experiments under c o n t r o l l e d ecological conditions in f i s h farms. All these. The services of the engineer for the construction of farms and t h e i r maintenance is an e s s e n t i a l p r e r e q u i s i t e f o r .Information Centre for F i s h e r i e s M32 the p h y s i c i s t s and engineers were busy with the development of i n d u s t r i a l equipment for the f i s h i n g industry. Cochin. t h i s type of r e s e a r c h . The contributions of engineers in the development of c r a f t and gear in f i s h e r i e s are s i g n i ficant ( 2 ) . For farming of marine or fresh water f i s h . an i n t e r d i s c i p l i n a r y approach In the t a c k l i n g of problems connected with f i s h e r i e s research is seen.

West B e n g a l . The CIFE i s r e s p o n s i b l e f o r t r a i n i n g f i s h e r i e s o f f i c e r s of t h e S t a t e Governments. Cochin. is mainly i n t e r e s t e d in the promotion of export of marine p r o d u c t s . Bom bay 7 Deep S e a and O f f . In addition to the above. 296 . Cochin. and t h e U n i t e d S t a t e s f o r t h e development of f i s h e r i e s in I n d i a . Kerala. Bombay. are i n t e r e s t e d i n l a n d and m a r i n e f i s h e r i e s . e s t a b l i s h e d j o i n t l y b y t h e Government o f I n d i a a n d t h e e x p o r t e r of marine products. . 8 Indo-Norwegian P r o j e c t . Goa. e t c . B a r r a c k p o r e . t h e .s h o r e F i s h i n g O r g a n i s a t i o n . namely. ments of the d i f f e r e n t S t a t e s the F i s h e r i e s Departof I n d i a . G u j a r a t . Andhra P r a d e s h . Tamil Nadu. The I n d b Forwegian P r o j e c t is the r e s u l t of t r i p a r t i t e agreement s i g n e d b e t w e e n t h e Government o f I n d i a . 4 N a t i o n a l I n s t i t u t e of O c e a n o g r a p h y (= N I O ) . CIFT . C o c h i n . CIFRI. 9 Marine P r o d u c t s Export Promotion Council (=MPEPC). 6 C e n t r a l I n s t i t u t e o f F i s h e r i e s E d u c a t i o n ( = CIFE) . The MPEPC. 3 C e n t r a l I n s t i t u t e of F i s h e r i e s Technology ( = GIFT).M32 Krishnamurty 2 Central Inland F i s h e r i e s Research I n s t i t u t e (= CIFRI) . in Karnataka. 5 Central I n s t i t u t e of F i s h e r i e s Operatives ( = CIFO). Government o f Norway. NTO and CIFO h a v e a n e t w o r k of s u b o r d i n a t e e s t a blishments d i s t r i b u t e d throughout I n d i a with s c i e n t i f i c and t e c h n i c a l s t a f f a t t a c h e d t o e a c h c e n t r e f o r s t u d y i n g t h e l o c a l p r o b l e m s and f o r c o n d u c t i n g r e search. O r i s s a . M a h a r s h t r a . Cochin. I t may a l s o b e m e n t i o n e d t h a t t h e C M F R I .

more t h a n b e f o r e . pearl c u l t u r e i n d u s t r y . t o s t u d y t h e i n f o r m a t i o n a l needs or requirements of the personnel employed. antibiotics industry for fish preservation. o n t h e same d a y o r w e r e d r i e d a n d s o l d a f t e r a few d a y s . seed ( f i s h s e e d ) p r o d u c i n g i n d u s t r y . canning i n d u s t r y . As a m a t t e r of f a c t . o t h e r i n d u s t r i e s such a s b o a t b u i l d i n g i n d u s t r y . f i s h i n g i n our c o u n t r y was m a i n l y c a r r i e d on as a f a m i l y t r a d i t i o n by c e r t a i n s e c t s of p e o p l e l i v i n g o n t h e s e a . e t c h a v e made a marked p r o g r e s s i n recent times. n e t manufacture i n d u s t r y . V o l t a s and Brooke Bond. many o r g a n i s a t i o n s s u c h as t h e U n i o n .C a r b i d e . It is only r e c e n t l y t h a t the f i s h i n g i n d u s t r y has developed c o n s i d e r a b l y . As a n c i l l i a r i e s t o the f i s h i n g i n d u s t r y . e s p e c i a l l y i n t h e West C o a s t o f I n d i a . refriger a t i o n e n g i n e e r i n g i n d u s t r y . f i s h meal i n d u s t r y . machine i n d u s t r y f o r f i s h p r o c e s s i n g .I n f o i m a t ion C e n t r e f o r F i s h e r i e s 4 M5 NEEDS OF FISHERIES AND ALLIED INDUSTRIES L u r i n g t h e p r e .i n d e p e n d e n c e and a l s o a f t e r i n d e p e n d e n c e .c o a s t and r i v e r b a n k s . These d e v e l o p m e n t s — r e s e a r c h on one s i d e and i n d u s t r y o n t h e o t h e r — h a v e p r e c i p i t a t e d t h e n e e d . 5 INFORMATION NEEDS Information on t h e following aspects is often r e q u i r e d b y t h e management a s w e l l a s t h e s c i e n t i f i c staffs (a) S t a t i s t i c a l Data (d) D a t a o n B i o l o g y (b) D a t a on r e s o u r c e s ( e ) D a t a on E n v i r o n - (c) D a t a on T e c h n o l o g y 297 . so t h a t t h e r e c a n b e e f f e c t i v e and e f f i c i e n t e x p l o i t a t i o n of this natural resource. h a v e i n v e s t e d l a r g e sums o f money i n t h i s i n d u s t r y . The f i s h t h a t were c a u g h t w e r e e i t h e r s o l d .

and (c) Total c a t c h s t a t i s t i c s of d i f f e r e n t s p e c i e s of f i s h in d i f f e r e n t l o c a l i t i e s in terms of q u a n t i t y of fish landed. of resources are important. v e s s e l c h a r a c t e r i s t i c s and o f c a t c h s h a s many p o s s i b l e u s e s i n f i s h e r i e s ment. 4 The d e p t h a t which t h e n e t i s t o b e o p e r a t e d . 53 D a t a on T e c h n o l o g y D a t a o n two i m p o r t a n t t e c h n o l o g i c a l essential: aspects are (a) Craft and Gear 1 Type of b o a t s to be u s e d and t h e i r make. prawns and m o l l u s c s . 52 activity. T h i s i s t h e i n i t i a l d a t a many a f i s h i n g would l i k e t o c o l l e c t i n t h e b e g i n n i n g .M51 51 Krishnamurty Statistical Data Survey d a t a about the p a t t e r n o f f i s h i n g l a n d i n g s t a t i s t i c s . cost manageindustry D a t a on R e s o u r c e s The f o l l o w i n g d e t a i l s (a) D e t a i l s of general species of f i s h e s . 298 operation — . d i s t r i b u t i o n of d i f f e r e n t (b) D e t a i l s a b o u t t h e a b u n d a n c e o f v a r i o u s s p e c i e s occurring in d i f f e r e n t fishing grounds. 3 The w e a t h e r c o n d i t i o n s . 2 Type o f n e t s t o b e u s e d f o r d i f f e r e n t s p e c i e s o f f i s h . and 5 The s u i t a b l e t i m e of f i s h i n g day o r n i g h t .

The environmental r e q u i r e m e n t s of f i s h food a l s o i n d i r e c t l y h e l p s i n determining f i s h a v a i l a bility . l i k e t h e removal of heads in the case of prawns. . (2) Q u a n t i t y of i c e to be u s e d . (4) Methods o f p r e s e r v a t i o n during t r a n s p o r t f o r immediate m a r k e t i n g . 1 Growth and r e c r u i t m e n t d a t a w . u l d enable to determine a t what s t a g e t h e f i s h i s t o b e c a u g h t . (1) The d i f f e r e n t e f f e c t s of b a c t e r i a and o t h e r m i c r o bos on p r o c e s s e d food. (3) Method of deep f r e e z i n g . 299 . 2 Data on food h a b i t s w i l l enable t h e f i s h e r men in p r e d i c t i n g t h e i r a v a i l a b i l i t y in a p a r t i c u l a r locality. II P r e s e r v a t i o n f o r long time use and e x p o r t . and e f f o r t s should be taken f o r p r e s e r v i n g them in a f r e s h c o n d i t i o n . T h e r e f o r e . 54 Data on Biology Information on the following b i o l o g i c a l data w i l l aid in f i s h i n g . and ( 3 ) Dipping i n chemical s o l u t i o n s t o avoid b a c t e r i a l deterioration. and (8) Methods of quality control. The p r e s e r v a t i o n p r o c e s s s t a r t s r i g h t from t h e time t h e y are hauled on the b o a t ' s deck.(1) Removal of c e r t a i n p a r t s of t h e f i s h . c a n n i n g . e t c . The d e t a i l s of methods adopted a r e s I P r e s e r v a t i o n on d e c k . d e h y d r a t i o n . (2) D i f f e r e n t methods of packing f i s h and f i s h p r o d u c t s . (6) Manuf a c t u r e of b y p r o d u c t s from w a s t e s . (5) Use of a n t i b i o t i c s f o r f i s h p r e s e r v a t i o n . t h e methods to be adopted f o r p r e s e r v a t i o n a r e i m p o r t a n t .Information Centre for F i s h e r i e s M54 (b) P r o c e s s i n g & P r e s e r v a t i o n s This i s a v e r y i m p o r t a n t a s p e c t because f i s h i s a h i g h l y p e r i s h a b l e goods.

On the other hand. sudden temperature variations. Only dull colours are preferred. The succeeding sections give a plan for the development of such a Centre. The migratory behaviour of certain fish has great influence on fishing. Certain colours are not suitable since the fish sense their presence. These parameters need to be taken care of in the planning of the National Information Centre for Fishery Science (NICFS). the researchers and their informational needs. 6 SCOPE OF PAPER In the earlier sections of this paper. and physical environment particularly the temperature variation will directly affect the fish. there will be a reduction in fish population.M54 Krishnamurty • 3 Pish behaviour towards nets used is an important aspect to be studied. a brief description of fisheries research has been given with special emphasis on the branches of fisheries. some fish are attracted by bright light. Since chemical environment like the variation. 300 . Different kinds of fish have different kinds of behaviour to the colour of the net. If the second category is caught before spawning. while other species spawn at the end of three or four years. will make fish shoals move into favourable temperature layers. in salinity will influence the distribution of fish. 4 Spawnings Certain varieties of fish spawn at the end of one year growth. 55 Data on Environment The physical and chemical features of the environment have to be studied.

(a) P o l i c y makers. is made p o s s i b l e . and (c) I n d u s t r i a l i s t s and f a r m e r s . Unfortunat e l y . a t t e m p t s t o give such s e r v i c e s in an i n d i v i d u a l c a p a c i t y in t h e i r own f i e l d s . t h e system so envisaged should develop so t h a t a two-way t r a f f i c between the r e s e a r c h e r s on one s i d e and p o l i c y m a k e r / i n d u s t r i a l i s t / f a r m e r / f i s h e r m a n on the other s i d e . A s u i t a b l e method needs to be evolved f o r t h e p u b l i c a t i o n and d i s s e m i n a t i o n o f r e s e a r c h r e s u l t s a l l over the c o u n t r y . (b) S c i e n t i s t s . t h e r e is no such system e x i s t i n g i n I n d i a a s y e t . a r e being done by some r e s e a r c h o r g a n i s a t i o n s l i k e CMFRI and CIFT. 71 O b j e c t i v e s of NICFS The objectives of NICFS are as follows: 301 . They a r e . in our c o u n t r y . s o t h a t each u s e r i s i n touch w i t h t h e work t h a t i s being done e l s e w h e r e . to whom i n f o r m a t i o n should be d i s seminated. I t i s only i n r e c e n t y e a r s t h a t a few r e s e a r c h o r g a n i s a t i o n s a r e making efforts for the effective dissemination of information There a r e t h r e e i m p o r t a n t g r o u p s of u s e r s in the f i s h i n g i n d u s t r y . t h i s a s p e c t has been n e g l e c t e d s o f a r . F u r t h e r . The p r e s e n t aim is to g i v e a plan f o r a c e n t r a l c e l l f o r d i s s e m i n a t i n g d a t a about a l l aspects of f i s h e r i e s f o r the benefit of r e s e a r c h e r s and o t h e r p e r s o n n e l of t h e f i s h i n g i n d u s t r y in t h e country.Information Centre for F i s h e r i e s M71 7 NATIONAL INFORMATION CENTRE FOR FISHERY S C I E N C E 70 Need f o r NICFS The d i s s e m i n a t i o n of r e s u l t s of r e s e a r c h is an extremely important a s p e c t of any N a t i o n a l Research System. At p r e s e n t . However.

identifying and evaluating the informational requirements of the users of NICPS at a l l levels. 6 Popularise India's achievements i n f i s h e ries development abroad. either by personal contact or by questionnaire and surveys. 3 Coordinate the activities of different fishery documentation units located in other organisations in the country as well as abroad'. 2 Collect. . retrieve and disseminate information to the users of NICFS. process. 7 Participate with other documentation centres in the development of techniques of information handling. 73/75 Resources For the functioning of the NTCFS. 5 Function as a depository for fisheries publications in the country. 4 Develop a computerised data bank for fishery information.M71 Krishnamurty 1 To f a c i l i t a t e the selection and communication of ideas in Fisheries and other related disciplines. the following three important resources are to be considered. 72 Functions of NICFS The functions of the NICFS may be enumerated as follows: 1 Est ablish a system and appropriate methods for continuously surveying. front the points of their generation to their potent i a l users. and 2 To provide efficient and effective information to those concerned with the development of.fisheries in the c oun try. store.

The n o n .Marine b i o l o g y . To obtain the necessary f i n a n c e . 1 Director 2 Senior Documentallst (Marine F i s h e r i e s ) 3 Senior Documentalist (inland Fisheries) 4 Senior Documentalist (Fish In a d d i t i o n . the management o r m i n i s t r y i s t o h e c o n v i n c e d t h a t t h e NICFS i s i m p o r t a n t f o r t h e d e v e l o p m e n t o f f i s h e r i e s i n t h e c o u n t r y and f o r t h i s p u r p o s e . The s u b j e c t background or s p e c i a l i s a t i o n of t h e s t a f f should be: 1 Zoology . 74 Human R e s o u r c e 741 S u b i e c t B a c k g r o u n d of P e r s o n n e l For t h e e f f i c i e n t f u n c t i o n i n g o f t h e NICFS.t e c h n i c a l 303 . 3 documentalists Technology) i n each o f t h e above mentioned s u b j e c t s are r e q u i r e d . t h e s t a f f s h o u l d b e drawn from d i f f e r e n t d i s c i p l i n e s .F i s h e r y b i o l o g y 742 2 5 Biochemistry Statistics . i t s h o u l d h a v e a s e p e r a t e budget.4 Engineering S t a f f Requirement ' The f o l l o w i n g i m p o r t a n t t e c h n i c a l be provided immediately with staff are to the e s t a b l i s h m e n t of NICFS. i t w i l l h e h e l p ful to consider the subject f i s h e r i e s as a s e p a r a t e discipline.Information Centre for Fisheries (a) F i n a n c i a l M742 resource (b) Human r e s o u r c e (c) M a t e r i a l resource 73 F i n a n c i a l Resource Since the n a t i o n a l Information C e n t r e works as any o t h e r n a t i o n a l i n s t i t u t e .

.Krishnamurty M742 or supporting s t a f f should be as follows 1 Administrative Officer . . . . . . 100- 3-180 Accounts Reprographic Binders • 10 11 Clerks 12 Attendants 1 personnel 9 . . resources that are available. . 1 3 Senior Stenographer . ..5-300 . equipment. . . 130- 5-300 . . . . . the follow- . 4 Attendants . . . 6 743 Salary Structure The s a l a r y s t r u c t u r e o f t h e s t a f f s h o u l d b e a s follows . .. 1 2 Accounts O f f i c e r . 1 . S N 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 Name of P o s t N of P o s t s . . . items are necessary. Typist . 2 4 4 M a t e r i a l Resource The m o s t i m p o r t a n t a s p e c t o f any p l a n n i n g i s based on b r i n g i n g about a b a l a n c e m a t e r i a l and f i n a n c i a l A p a r t from d o c u m e n t s . .. 1 . 2 1 . ing reprographic 304 1100-50-1400 700-50-1250 3 3 Punch c a r d O p e r a t o r Senior Stenographer 75 . . 8 . 350-25-300 2 . furniture. . .. . .. 4 4 Typists Clerks . . . Director Senior Documentalist Documentalist Administrative Officer Officer S c a l e of Pay b e t w e e n t h e human. . 400-40-950 1 . 210-10-475 1 5 0 . .. . 325-15-575 010-10-475 .

Copying machine Rotaprinter Duplicator 76 Services to be rendered The following services are to be rendered by the NICFS. (a) Publication and issue of 1 Abstracts 2 Technical r e p o r t s .Information Centre for Fisheries 751 M76 Reprographic Items The i m p o r t a n t r e p r o g r a p h i c 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 items essential are: Microfilming unit Microfilm . material and finance of information s e r v i c e unit t h a t may be 305 . The NICFS should e s t a b l i s h and guide in the matter of personnel. with bibliography appended to it on s p e c i a l information .'units in research organisation on the request of the organisation.Processor Enlarger Microfilm/Microfische rsader-cum-Printer Xerox . t h e i r t r a i n i n g .subjects 3 Monographs 4 Factual data b u l l e t i n s on New i n d u s t r i e s Technical information Economic information Foreign trade Marketing (b) Information and Other Services: 1 S e l e c t i v e Dissemination of Information 2 Retrospective information search 3 Translation at users request 4 Providing reprographic services (SDl) (c) Organisation of information service .

which was e s t a b l i s h e d a b o u t 2 5 y e a r s ago and which h a s been c o n d u c t i n g m a r i n e fisheries research at the national level on a l l asp e c t s o f f i s h e r i e s . 77 L o c a t i o n of NICFS The l o c a t i o n o f NICFS s h o u l d h e n e a r t o i t s u s e r s so that direct contact is easily established. and may be conduct e d a t d i f f e r e n t l e v e l s d e p e n d i n g upon t h e u s e r s ( 8 ) . t h e c o o p e r a t i o n o f u s e r s and t h e l i b r a r y . T h e r e f o r e . and t o a c e r t a i n e x t e n t . O f c o u r s e . . OF NICFS The s e r v i c e s of any s y s t e m or a u n i t may n o t be f u l l y u t i l i s e d unless adequate p u b l i c i t y is given. 8 PUBLICITY OF SERVICES. e s t a b l i s h e d o n l y r e c e n t l y and t h e r e i s n o l a r g e government f i s h e r i e s i n d u s t r y i n the c o u n t r y a t present. The m e t h o d s o f o r i e n t a t i o n may b e d i r e c t o r i n d i r e c t or a c o m b i n a t i o n of b o t h . CM1RI. The l o c a t i o n of NICFS in i n d u s t r y may n o t be p o s s i b l e now because f i s h e r i e s i n d u s t r i e s on a moderate s c a l e are being.306 . p r e p a r a t i o n o f b r o c h u r e s and p a m p h l e t s o n t h e N I C F S w i l l b e u s e f u l . i s most i d e a l . F o r b o t h p u b l i c i s i n g and o r i e n t a t i o n . t h e N I C F S s h o u l d p u b l i c i s e t h e s e r v i c e s t h a t i t o f f e r s . I t may b e n e c e s s a r y t o c o n d u c t o r i e n t a t i o n programmes f o r t h e users. o r i e n t t h e a c t u a l and p o t e n t i a l u s e r s . Lor t h i s p u r p o s e . Many a s c i e n t i s t o r e n g i n e e r i s n o t aware o f t h e p o t e n t i a l u t i l i t y o f t h e l i b r a r y and i n f o r m a t i o n c e n tres. It s h o u l d be a t t a c h e d to a F i s h e r i e s I n d u s t r y or to a N a t i o n a l Research I n s t i t u t e wherein the a c t i v i t i e s o f r e s e a r c h on f i s h e r i e s a r e on a n a t i o n a l b a s i s .M76 established Krishnamurty in different research organisations as per the needs.

22. ( I n d i a n Farming. 22:-1972.1973. 1 9 7 2 . book a n d w h o ' s who. 19. 2 2 . 1972. Need f o r an i n t e n s i f i e d f i s h e r i e s r e s e a r c h programme. ( I n d i a n Farmi n g . 1 9 7 2 . 10-13. O r i e n t a t i o n of u s e r s . ( I n d i a n Panning. 91 BIBLIOGRAPHICAL REFERENCES 1 Sec 3 2 C H E R I Y A N ( T ) . 19. ( A n n u a l S e m i n a r (DRTC). 21-26)/ "** Sec 1 JHINGRAN (V G ) . (S Z) . R e c e n t a d v a n c e s in i n l a n d 22 f i s h e r i e s .1 1 4 . O c a n h a r v e s t . 3 EDDIE ( C G ) • The e n g i n e e r ' s c o n t r i b u t i o n t o f i s h e r i e s d e v e l o p m e n t . 10. E d . New h o r i z o n s f o r f i s h e r i e s r e s e a r c h . 1 1 2 . ( I n d i a n Farmi n g . 104-111). 30 7 . 1969. 117) . ( F i s h i n g News I n t e r n a t i o n a l . 17).Information Centre for F i s h e r i e s staff is essential for the M91 full utilization of the s e r v i c e s o f t h e NlCFS. T e c h n o l o g i c a l r e s e a r c h in I n d i a ' s f i s h e r i e s d e v e l o p m e n t . P a p e r B B ) . P r o s p e c t s and p r o b l e m s . 2 See 31 Indian fisheries year1970. 7 Sec 1 8 Sec 6 (Indian Panning. 115117) = 4 Sec 1 5 Sec 23 PILLAI (V K) . 12. RAGHUPRASAD (R) and IYA (K K) . 5-9). SEETHARAMA ( S ) . 6 Sec 21 QASIM PANIKKAR (N K) .