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EN CYC LO PED IA

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FOODS
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and tomatoes are botanically fruits. This database is maintained and updated regularly by USDA laboratories and is the basis of most systems for estimating the nutrient content of foods and diets. we have listed it according to common usage and mentioned the dift~erence in the text. For example. Where there is a dift~erence between the cultural or common use or perception of an item and its botanical nature. when a food has more than one common name. Department of Agriculture (USDA) nutrient composition . the index should help in locating the item. because most American consumers think of them as vegetables.~ database. Animal products and added fats and oils. fruits. Before we introduce the foods themselves. Part II introduces you to many foods from which you can choose and provides you with knowledge about the nutrients these foods have to oft~er. Animal products--meat and other high-protein foods and dairy foods--are also discussed. The Food Guide Pyramid reviewed earlier in this book graphically emphasizes the proportions of these foods in the daily diet. vegetables. we want to explain the arrangement and presentation of food items in these sections.S. sugars. they are listed ---:"'-:the vegetable section. legumes. Within the sections on Fruits and Vegetables. although cucumbers. fruits. and vegetables--those items that should predominate at every meal and that most people need to consume in greater quantities. Accordingly. how they are processed to the products that appear on store shelves. we have arranged this section with priority given to grains. eggplant.P A R T I I p art I of this book reviewed the relationship of diet to health and provided recommendations for choosing foods and planning diets that contribute to health. and other sweeteners are best consumed in small quantities. In addition. However. squash. Because this book is written for a North American audience. The nutrient compositions of foods are derived from the current version of the U. we have listed items by their common names in alphabetical order. and some of the history of these foods in our diet. these are the foods that should make up relatively smaller parts of our diets. 151 VO . we provide information about the sources of the foods you purchase and eat--the individual plants and animals. The healthiest diets are based on a variety of plant foods whole grains. and nuts. we have included food products that are available to most North Americans.

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