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Underwater Wireless Sensor Networks Dependability

Design and Analysis

Initial PhD Proposal

Hafez Moawad Seleim

Wireless Sensor Networks (WSNs) are data networks composed of miniaturized
nodes that integrate sensing, communication, and computational capabilities.
Nodes in such networks can be deployed in remote places to work with little or no
operator intervention. As such, they are often designed to rely on energy supplied
from batteries, or energy harvested from the ambient environment (e.g., cellular
cells). Currently, WSNs are either being deployed, or envisioned to be deployed in
the near future, to serve in numerous sensing applications in industrial processes,
monitoring in transportation networks, environmental monitoring, human and
machine health monitoring, as well as military and reconnaissance operations.
Underwater wireless sensor networks (UWSNs) form a distinguished class of
WSNs where nodes either float freely in water, or are constrained in motion.
Applications of UWSNs include scientific applications such as study of marine
life, industrial applications such as monitoring underwater oil pipelines,
humanitarian applications such as search and survey missions, and homeland
security applications such as monitoring of ships and port facilities. Example
survey papers on the above networks include [13]. The design, deployment,
operation, and management of such networks have gained increased worldwide
interest in recent times.

Design for Dependability

The effective design of WSNs and UWSNs, however, faces a number of
challenges. Foremost among such challenges is the need to quantify the extent to
which one can depend on such networks given their low manufacturing cost which
results in devices that are subject to failure, and the requirement of operating such
networks in harsh environments.
To increase the dependability on such networks, methodologies for quantifying the
effect of random node failure on the performance of an overall network need to be
developed, optimized, and validated. The proposed PhD research work involves
understanding the fundamental areas underlying the design of WSNs and
identifying application contexts that require dependability analysis,
developing performance metrics for such applications,
developing dependability measures for such applications,
developing analytical methods for quantifying the likelihood that a WSN or
UWSN will continue to operate successfully when nodes fail.
investigating optimization aspects of the developed methodologies,
obtaining performance results from the developed analytical methods, and
developing simulation models to validate the obtained results.

[1] R. Verdone, D. Dardari, G. Mazzini, and A. Conti, Wireless Sensor and
Actuator Networks: Technologies, Analysis and Design. Academic Press, 2008.
[2] Y. Xiao, Underwater acoustic sensor networks. CRC Press, 2010.
[3] X. Sheng, J. Tang, X. Xiao, and G. Xue, Sensing as a service: Challenges,
solutions and future directions, IEEE Sensors Journal, vol. 13, pp. 3733 3741,