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Physical Science Exam One

Name
______________________
Chris Harrison - Instructor
Date _________
100 points total
Multiple Choice (2 pts. each)
1. What is 12,000 times 6,000,000 written in scientific notation?
a. 7.2 x 108
b. 7.2 x 109

c. 7.2 x 1010
d. 7.2 x 1012

2. One kilometer is equal to how many centimeters?


a. 2.54
b. 1.0 x 10-3

c. 1.0 x 105
d. 1.0 x 103

3. A 100 mg pill has a mass of how many grams?


a. 0.001g
b. 0.01g

c. 0.1g
d. 0.1 oz

4. Which prefix does not match the number?


a. kilo-, 102
b. centi-, 10-2

c. milli-, 10-3
d. micro-, 10-6

5. The number 0.00063 written in scientific notation.


a. 63 x 10-4
b. 63 x 10-3

c. 6.3 x 10-4
d. 6.3 x 10-3

6. If radioactive dating reveals the age of a manuscript to be


approximately
1230 years, it may be represented in scientific notation as:
a. 1.230 x 10-3 yr
b. 1.230 x 10-6 yr

c. 1.230 x 103 yr
d. 1.230 x 106 yr

7. The basic unit of volume in the metric system is the


a. liter
b. centimeter

c. quart
d. kg3

8. Which of the following prefixes denotes 1/1000 of a basic unit?


a. kilo
b. milli

c. deci
d. centi

9. How many kg are there in 1 mg?


a. 1 x 10-6 kg
b. 1 x 10-3 kg
10.

10,000 is correctly expressed in scientific notation as

a. 10-2
b. 100
11.

c. 1000 kg
d. 1 x 106 kg

c. 104

d. 10

How many seconds are there in a year?

a. 3600
b. 525,600

c. 31,560,000
d. 12,021,965

12. What volume of mercury has a mass of 60 g if its density is 13.6


g/cm3?
a. 0.227 cm3
b. 4.41 cm3

c. 2.27 cm3
d. 816 cm3

13. The number located above each element in the periodic table is
referred to as the ______________.
a. mass number
b. density

c. atomic number
d. isotopic mass

14. The mass number located below the element abbreviation on the
periodic table:
a.
b.
c.
d.
15.
a.
b.
c.
d.

must be an integer
does not have to be an integer
must be an odd number
must be an even number
Isotopes of an element
have
have
have
have

different numbers of protons


a different number of neutrons
the same mass number
the same number of neutrons

16. Which particle has a mass of approximately one atomic mass unit?
a. proton
b. electron

c. carbon-12 nucleus
d. oxygen-16 nucleus

17. What is the mass number of an isotope of hydrogen consisting of


1 proton, 1 electron, and 2 neutrons?
a. 1
b. 2

c. 3
d. 4

18. The symbol


a.
b.
c.
d.

30
35
35
65

protons
protons
protons
protons

65

Zn indicates this isotope contains

and
and
and
and

35
30
35
30

neutrons
neutrons
neutrons
neutrons

19. Which is a pair of isotopes?


a.

238 U and

55 Co and
b.
39 Ca

238Np

27 Al and

c.

56 Co

d.

39 K

28Si
and

20. The electron configuration of Calcium (Ca) is:


a. 1s2 2s22p6
c. 1s2 2s2 2p6 3s2 3p6 4s2
2
2
6
2
6
2
b. 1s 2s 1p 3s 2p 4s
d. [Kr] 5s2
21. Name the element with the following electron configuration:
1s2 2s2 2p6 3s2 3p6 4s2 3d10 4p6 5s1
a. Magnesium (Mg)
b. Uranium (U)

c. Lead (Pb)
d. Rubidium (Rb)

22. The electron configuration for


a. 1s22s22p62d4
b. 1s22s22p43s23p4

Si is:

14

c. 1s21p62s22p4
d. 1s22s22p63s23p2

23. What is the total electron capacity of the energy level for which n
= 4?
a. 8
b. 16

c. 18
d. 32

24. After the 5s orbital of an atom is filled, the next electron will enter
the
a. 5p subshell
b. 5d subshell

c. 4d sub shell
d. 5f sub shell

25. The principle that no two electrons can have the same quantum
numbers is named after ________________?
a. Bohr
b. de Broglie

c. Dalton
d. Pauli

26. The elements in any one column of the periodic table


a. have the same color
b. have the same atomic number
c. have similar properties that gradually change as we go down the
column
d. have the same physical state
27. The maximum number of electrons that the 5d atomic orbitals can
hold is
a. 10
b. 5

c. 6
d. 50

28. An atom contains all of these particles except


a. protons
b. electrons

c. Heisenberg particle
d. neutrons

29. The element that has 11 protons and 12 neutrons is


a. magnesium
b. oxygen

c. sodium
d. fluorine

30. An atom with 74 protons, 109 neutrons, and 74 electrons has a


mass number of

a. 74
b. 109

c. 148
d. 183

Matching:
Match the units with the appropriate measurement type (2 pts. each)
a.
b.
c.
d.
e.

time
temperature
length
mass
volume

31. ml

__________

32. mg

__________

33. mm

__________

34. K
35. s

__________
__________

Short Answer questions

31. Draw and label an atom of

. (3 pts.)

32. The measured density of lead in an experiment was 11.6 g/cm3.


What is the percent error of this experiment? (3 pts.)

33. Calculate the following numbers to the correct number of


significant figures. (2 pts. each)
a. 12.0 lb + 7.625 lb
b. (15.748 cm)(0.0263 cm)(0.0027 cm)
34. Calculate the mass of the isotope
table. (3 pts.)

Ne using the mass of particles

20

35. a. How many sub-orbitals are there for the following orbital
types: (3 pts.)
s:
p:
d:
b. What is the electron configuration of
gas shortcut method. (3 pts.)

I? Do not use the noble

53

c. What is the Noble Gas electron configuration of

I? (2 pts.)

53

c. What are the four quantum numbers of 53I? (Use the electron
energy orbital diagram to assist you. (4 pts.)

36. Label the Periodic Table using the terms provided. (5 pts.)
Transition Metals, Alkali Metals, Nobel Gases, Alkaline Earth Metals, and
Halogens.

Bonus: Properly fill in the electron energy orbital diagram for


using the template below. (5 pts.)

Hg

80