© All Rights Reserved

145 views

© All Rights Reserved

- Opamp - Lf155 Lf156 Lf157 - Natsem
- - My Reference Project - Design Criteria
- piddocs
- 00654456ch47
- circuits questions.doc
- OpAmp Applications
- Lic Manual
- Amateur TV Transmitter.pdf
- Principle of Electronics Engg
- ina2126datasheet.pdf
- 25 kva Trainning
- 741 op amp
- Chapter 2 Lecture Notes
- Wein Bridge Oscillator
- Ha Project Report
- Eec 249 Electric Circuit 2 Theory Unesco
- Home Brew a Condenser Microphone.pdf
- ina126
- FET
- MEL304 Notes Intermediate Elements

You are on page 1of 4

LINKS

Home

Site Map

Search Site

Help us to Share It

2

Site Search

Navigation

Like

2.7k

Link Partners

Blogspot

Bookstore

Contact Us

Go

Reset

Tut orial: 5 of 6

In the previous RC Os c illat or tutorial we saw that a number of resistors and capacitors can be

connected together with an inverting amplifier to produce an oscillating circuit. One of the simplest sine

wave oscillators which uses a RC network in place of the conventional LC tuned tank circuit to produce

a sinusoidal output waveform, is the Wien Bridge Oscillator.

The Wien Bridge Oscillator is so called because the circuit is based on a frequency-selective form of

the Whetstone bridge circuit. The Wien Bridge oscillator is a two-stage RC coupled amplifier circuit that

has good stability at its resonant frequency, low distortion and is very easy to tune making it a popular

circuit as an audio frequency oscillator but the phase shift of the output signal is considerably different

from the previous phase shift RC Oscillator.

PCB Software

Trace Width

Trace Current

Trace Resistance

PCB Impedance

4 Band Resistor

5 Band Resistor

Circuit Simulator

Resistor Table

Inductance Calc

Coil Inductance

Parallel Wires

Impedance Match

RF Unit Converter

Coax Impedance

Twisted Pair

Crosstalk Calc

Scientific Calc

The Wien Bridge Oscillator uses a feedback circuit consisting of a series RC circuit connected with a

parallel RC of the same component values producing a phase delay or phase advance circuit

o

depending upon the frequency. At the resonant frequency r the phase shift is 0 . Consider the circuit

below.

The above RC network consists of a series RC circuit connected to a parallel RC forming basically a

High P as s Filt er connected to a Low P as s Filt er producing a very selective second-order

frequency dependant B and P as s Filt er with a high Q factor at the selected frequency, r.

At low frequencies the reactance of the series capacitor (C1) is very high so acts like an open circuit and

blocks any input signal at Vin. Therefore there is no output signal, Vout . At high frequencies, the

reactance of the parallel capacitor, (C2) is very low so this parallel connected capacitor acts like a short

circuit on the output so again there is no output signal. However, between these two extremes the

output voltage reaches a maximum value with the frequency at which this happens being called the

Resonant Frequency, (r).

At this resonant frequency, the circuits reactance equals its resistance as Xc = R so the phase shift

between the input and output equals zero degrees. The magnitude of the output voltage is therefore at

its maximum and is equal to one third (1/3) of the input voltage as shown.

Practical Oscillator

Handbook

Irving M. Gottlieb...

Best Price 34.00

or Buy New 41.49

Privacy Information

It can be seen that at very low frequencies the phase angle between the input and output signals is

"Positive" (Phase Advanced), while at very high frequencies the phase angle becomes "Negative"

(Phase Delay). In the middle of these two points the circuit is at its resonant frequency, (r) with the two

o

signals being "in-phase" or 0 . We can therefore define this resonant frequency point with the following

expression.

Resonant Frequency

Where:

r is the Resonant Frequency in Hertz

R is the Resistance in Ohms

C is the Capacitance in Farads

Then this frequency selective RC network forms the basis of the Wien Bridge Oscillator circuit. If we

now place this RC network across a non-inverting amplifier which has a gain of 1+R1/R2 the following

oscillator circuit is produced.

The output of the operational amplifier is fed back to both the inputs of the amplifier. One part of the

feedback signal is connected to the inverting input terminal (negative feedback) via the resistor divider

network of R1 and R2 which allows the amplifiers voltage gain to be adjusted within narrow limits. The

other part is fed back to the non-inverting input terminal (positive feedback) via the RC Wien Bridge

network.

The RC network is connected in the positive feedback path of the amplifier and has zero phase shift a

just one frequency. Then at the selected resonant frequency, ( r ) the voltages applied to the inverting

and non-inverting inputs will be equal and "in-phase" so the positive feedback will cancel out the

negative feedback signal causing the circuit to oscillate.

Also the voltage gain of the amplifier circuit MUST be equal to three "Gain = 3" for oscillations to start.

This value is set by the feedback resistor network, R1 and R2 for an inverting amplifier and is given as

the ratio -R1/R2. Also, due to the open-loop gain limitations of operational amplifiers, frequencies

above 1MHz are unachievable without the use of special high frequency op-amps.

Then for oscillations to occur in a Wien Bridge Oscillator circuit the following conditions must apply.

1. With no input signal the Wien Bridge Oscillator produces output oscillations.

2. The Wien Bridge Oscillator can produce a large range of frequencies.

3. The Voltage gain of the amplifier must be at least 3.

4. The network can be used with a Non-inverting amplifier.

5. The input resistance of the amplifier must be high compared to R so that the RC network is

not overloaded and alter the required conditions.

6. The output resistance of the amplifier must be low so that the effect of external loading is

minimised.

7. Some method of stabilizing the amplitude of the oscillations must be provided because if the

voltage gain of the amplifier is too small the desired oscillation will decay and stop and if it is

too large the output amplitude rises to the value of the supply rails, which saturates the op-amp

and causes the output waveform to become distorted.

8. With amplitude stabilisation in the form of feedback diodes, oscillations from the oscillator

can go on indefinitely.

Example No1

Determine the maximum and minimum frequency of oscillations of a Wien Bridge Oscillator circuit

having a resistor of 10k and a variable capacitor of 1nF to 1000nF.

The frequency of oscillations for a Wien Bridge Oscillator is given as:

Lowest Frequency

Highest Frequency

In our final look at Oscillators , we will examine the Cry s t al Os c illat or which uses a quartz crystal as

its tank circuit to produce a high frequency and very stable sinusoidal waveform.

Goto Page: 1 2 3 4 5 6

Copyright 1999 2013, Electronics-Tutorials.w s, All Right Reserved.

| Privacy Policy | Terms of Use | Site Map | Contact Us | Basic Electronics Tutorials |

- Opamp - Lf155 Lf156 Lf157 - NatsemUploaded byLudwig Schmidt
- - My Reference Project - Design CriteriaUploaded byluizcpimenta
- piddocsUploaded byscribsunil
- 00654456ch47Uploaded byİbrahim Kayğan
- circuits questions.docUploaded byRakesh Kumar D
- OpAmp ApplicationsUploaded byrafik
- Lic ManualUploaded byragra214
- Amateur TV Transmitter.pdfUploaded byHector Fiordaliso
- Principle of Electronics EnggUploaded byNilabh Kumar
- ina2126datasheet.pdfUploaded bysachinktnice
- 25 kva TrainningUploaded byArvind Nangare
- 741 op ampUploaded byAhmed Mahmoud Ahmed
- Chapter 2 Lecture NotesUploaded bySyed Murtaza Rizvi
- Wein Bridge OscillatorUploaded by1980shoaib3961
- Ha Project ReportUploaded byniru0027
- Eec 249 Electric Circuit 2 Theory UnescoUploaded byIhebereme Simeon
- Home Brew a Condenser Microphone.pdfUploaded byJohn "BiggyJ" Dumas
- ina126Uploaded byVenkatesh Subramanya
- FETUploaded byyonpeng93
- MEL304 Notes Intermediate ElementsUploaded byDivyank Arya
- Electric Circuit Chap 4Uploaded bySoulz Zampa
- EV101_L4_DC_Analysis.pptUploaded byLiHong Khaw
- tlc27l2Uploaded byDarioBustamante
- syllabeeistUploaded bySanjay Kumar Nayak
- Analog system design-1Uploaded bySarun Soman
- ObjectivesUploaded byAarti Masal
- Questions on Semiconductor CircuitsUploaded byRanjan Prasad
- snosa04fUploaded bymohammad
- TLC 2272_2274Uploaded byJosé Adelino
- 4558Uploaded byrakasiwi2013

- Trace Diagnostics for Masterdrive VC Using Drive Monitor - Siemens Industry Online Support - Technical Forum (Guest)Uploaded bystudskirby
- Mso Ds1000z Plus DatasheetUploaded bystudskirby
- Record CleaningUploaded bystudskirby
- AdaptiveProgramming-AppGuideRevCUploaded byhartman_md
- Fuji GW690III Review _ Film Shooters Collective _ 35mm _ Medium Format _ and Large Format Film PhotographyUploaded bystudskirby
- Terasa KiUploaded bystudskirby
- Fluke-190 Service ManualUploaded by15101980
- Force GuideUploaded bystudskirby
- A Practical Guide 200802Uploaded bystudskirby
- 26101541 Trouble-Shooting V10 EnUploaded bySaid Boubker
- Hmi Mp 377 Touch Daylight Operating Instructions Compact en-US en-USUploaded bystudskirby
- Op7 Cable Db15 to Db9Uploaded bystudskirby
- RS232 Cable Pinouts _ Quick TipsUploaded bystudskirby
- 1697822Uploaded bystudskirby
- Simatic Net Profibus Network Manual System ManualUploaded byAlejandro Fernández Salas
- How to Open Runtime DirectlyUploaded bystudskirby
- 1_2_2Uploaded byalejandroarturo0412
- 266789 Vacon.pdfUploaded bystudskirby
- Pioneer SX1080 ServiceUploaded byRichard Taegtmeier
- Simoreg F 30 Fault [Text] - PLCSUploaded bystudskirby
- instruction_NETLink-lite_1.04.pdfUploaded bystudskirby
- REF54_techENnUploaded byDina Dimitrijevic
- Neumatica avanzadaUploaded byAlex Rodas
- Hilscher ProductOverview eUploaded bystudskirby
- Sailor RT2048 Identity and Service programming.pdfUploaded bystudskirby
- Protool ManualUploaded bystudskirby
- QuickStart CoDeSysV3Uploaded byArsene Gabriel Iulian

- 255724366-Eca-Lab-Record.pdfUploaded byAlok
- Control Short QuestionsUploaded bymandhir
- Ece 4th Sem Www.annaUnivEdu.orgUploaded bySundharamoorthi Venkataraman
- R07 SYLLABUS for dipUploaded byikram1984
- QUESTIONBANK ecadUploaded byVarsha Waingankar
- Ec8411 Ec II Lab Regulation 2012Uploaded byKeerthi Kumar
- CMFB_AMP_2008_nmUploaded byn3mo88
- opampUploaded bySameer R. Khan
- Sem 3 2011 Kannur University Question PaperUploaded byfilmaniac
- Electronics Ch2Uploaded byAnupam Shakya
- 3001 ELECUploaded byJunjun Bedrijo
- The Transistor AmplifierUploaded byAshish Shrivastava
- EceUploaded bySoma Sundar
- Manual MahaUploaded byrameshdurairaj
- FeedbackUploaded byTrinh Dieu
- Chapter 8(1) Op AmpUploaded byMohd HelmiHazim
- TM 11-6625-2903-14P_Test_Oscillator_TS-3329_U_1980Uploaded byWurzel1946
- Jntuk 2-1 and 2-2 ECE Syllabus R10Uploaded byanushkaaaaaaaaaaaaaa
- ECA Course FileUploaded bybinduscribd
- Two Port vs Return Ratio AnalysisUploaded bystara123war
- ADC LAB MANUAL.pdfUploaded byJega Deesan
- ElexUploaded byChristle Domanico
- Compre Opamp Ie2Uploaded byJhade Alcaraz
- 555 timer IC and opamp.docUploaded byDummy
- S2015 ME3221 Notes T9 BlockDiagramsUploaded byWestley Gomez
- RA 9A04402 Electronic Circuits AnalysisUploaded bysivabharathamurthy
- Ad 1Uploaded bySimran Jeet Singh
- Tutorial-2 LNA.pdfUploaded byTeddy112
- Analog Lab ManualUploaded byUmashankar Verma
- opampUploaded bybinu