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LED Matrix Display

A Synopsis
Submitted in partial fulfillment of the requirement for the award of Degree of
Bachelor of Engineering in Electronics and Communication Engineering
Submitted to


Submitted by:
Ayushi Gami
Ishan Varshney
Krishna Jaiswal
Neelesh Kushwah

Enrollment No 0808EC121028
Enrollment No 0808EC121047
Enrollment No 0808EC121056
Enrollment No 0808EC121072

Under the Supervision of:

Mr. Rajesh Babu Ahirwar

(Department of EC)

Department of Electronics & Communication Engineering

Institute of Engineering and Science IPS Academy, Indore [MP]
Session: 2015-16



This is to certify that the work embodies in the synopsis entitled
LED Matrix Display being submitted by Ms. Ayushi Gami (Roll







0808EC121047) Mr. Krishna Jaiswal (Roll No.: 0808EC121056) Mr.

Neelesh Kushwah (Roll No.: 0808EC121072) for partial fulfillment of
the requirement for the award of Bachelor of Engineering in
Electronics and Communication Engineering BE VII Sem to Rajiv
Gandhi Proudyogiki Vishwavidyalaya, Bhopal (M.P.), during the
academic year 2015-16 is a record of bonafide piece of work, carried out
by them under our supervision and guidance in the Department of
Electronics and Communication Engg., IES, IPS Academy, Indore
Approved and Supervised by:

Forwarded by:

Guide Name
Department of EC

Prof. Rupesh Dubey

Head Department of EC

Co- Guide Name (if any)

Department of EC

We Ms. Ayushi Gami (Roll No.: 0808EC121028), Mr. Ishan
Varshney (Roll No.: 0808EC121047) Mr. Krishna Jaiswal (Roll







0808EC121072), the students of Bachelor of Engineering in Electronics

and Communication Engineering, session: 2015-16, IES IPS Academy
Indore (M.P.), hereby declare that the work presented in this Synopsis
entitled LED Matrix Display is the outcome of our own work, is
bonafide and correct to the best of our knowledge and this work has been
carried out taking care of Engineering Ethics.

(Sign of Student)
(Ayushi Gami)
Enrollment No.: 0808EC121028

(Sign of Student)
(Ishan Varshney)
Enrollment No.: 0808EC121047

(Sign of Student)
(Krishna Jaiswal)
Enrollment No.: 0808EC121056
(Sign of Student)
(Neelesh Kushwah)
Enrollment No.: 0808EC121072


At this moment of accomplishment, we are presenting our work with

great pride and pleasure, we would like to express our sincere gratitude to
all those who helped us in the successful completion of our project. First
of all, we would like to thank our HOD Prof. Rupesh Dubey who
provided us with all facilities and amenities for the development of our
project. We are exceedingly grateful to our project Professor, Mr. Rajesh
B Ahirware who gave us constant guidance and support throughout this
journey of turbulence.

We also sincerely thank all other faculties of department of Electronics

and Communication for their constant support and encouragement for our

We would also like to thank our parents and friends for their over
whelming and whole hearted encouragement and support without which
this would not have been successful.

LED's are a fantastic way to illuminate any kind of sign, be it lettering or panels. LED
Dot-Matrix Displays are a common sight nowadays on streets, malls, buildings, parks
and other public places. It is a way of visual information where large LCD and other
display become too much expensive. While the display we are using in our project are
very cheap and ready to use.
The system is comprised of an 8x8 dot matrix display panel with an interface circuit
to a Arduino nano. It also comprises an executive program that runs on the Arduino
for the display control of characters, decorative pattern or messages on the display
panel. We can use these display for displaying any information or for advertise even
in bright daylight conditions can use an Indoor Advertising Display. The display
board displays any character that is through programing of Arduino, which is
interfaced using USB to a microcontroller that initializes the led driver MAX7219.
The advantage of this project is that size of the display board can be increased row
wise and column wise without making any changes in the circuitry since display
board is the repetition of a small independent module.
We can even extend its display content by making different zones and giving many
animations to display. In our project we are using matrix display foe displaying class
time table by interfacing the RTC for time keeping.

List of Figures.............I
List of Tables II
1. Introduction...1
2. Hardware Components..2
2.1 Arduino Nano...2
2.1.1 Power.......3
2.1.2 Memory...3
2.1.3 Input and Output..3
2.1.4 Specification....5
2.1.5 Communication...7
2.2 Real Time Clock (RTC)...7
2.2.1 Introduction.7
2.2.2 RTC Tiny7
2.2.3 Power Source..9
2.2.4 Specification9
2.2.5 Features..10
2.3 LED Matrix.11
2.3.1 Introduction...11
2.3.2 Matrix Wiring11
2.3.3 Application11
2.4 LED Driver- MAX7219.12
2.4.1 Introduction...12
2.4.2 Specification..13
2.4.3 Key Features..13
2.4.4 Application14
2.5 PCB Design15
2.5.1 Introduction...15
2.5.2 Process...15
3. Software Requirement..17
3.1 Eagle...17
3.1.1 Introduction...18
3.1.2 System Requirements....18
3.1.3 Schematic Editor18
3.1.4 Layout Editor.19
3.1.5 Autorouter..21
3.2 Arduino Software.......22
3.2.1 Introduction...22
3.2.2 Application....23
3.2.3 Language Reference..24

4. Working....27
4.1 Working Explanation.27
4.2 Flow chart..29
4.3 Block Diagram...30
5. Application & Future Aspect31
5.1 Application.31
5.2 Future Aspect..31
6. Programing...32
7. Conclusion43
8. Reference..44