SNYAM SMYASAMUCCAYE
The Sutra 'Sunyam Samyasamuccaye' says the 'Samuccaya is the same, that
Samuccaya is Zero.' i.e., it should be equated to zero. The term 'Samuccaya' has
several meanings under different contexts.
i) We interpret, 'Samuccaya' as a term which occurs as a common factor in all
the terms concerned and proceed as follows.
Example 1: The equation 7x + 3x = 4x + 5x has the same factor x in all
its terms. Hence by the sutra it is zero, i.e., x = 0.
Otherwise
we
have
7x
10x
x=0
to
work
3x
10x
like
this:
4x
=
9x
5x
9x
0
This is applicable not only for x but also any such unknown quantity as
follows.
Example 2:
No
need
5(x+1) = 3(x+1)
to
2x = 2
proceed
5x
5x
or
in
the
usual
+
5
3x
x = 2 2 = 1
procedure
=
=
3x
3
like
+
3
5
Samuccaya
x+1=0
is
gives
(
x = 1
( x + 3 ) ( x + 4) = ( x 2) ( x 6 )
Here
Samuccaya
is
3
x
Since it is same , we derive x = 0
12
2
6
the
example.
1
+ ____
____
2x1
3x2
for
this
we
proceed
by
____________
taking
__________
5x
5x3
0
(3x2)(2x1)
=
=
L.C.M.
(2x1)+(3x2)
0
(3x2)(2x1)
5x
1
0
3
3
__
Instead of this, we can directly put the Samuccaya i.e., sum of the
denominators
i.e.,
3x
2
+
2x
1
=
5x
3
=
0
giving 5x = 3
x=3/5
It
is
true
and
applicable
Samuccaya
is
ax+b+cx+d

(a+c)
iii)
same,
We
now
all
problems
m
+ _____
____
cx+d
ax+b
for
and
the
m
0
solution
is
Samuccaya
as
d
)
_________
interpret
type
of
combination
or
total.
If the sum of the numerators and the sum of the denominators be the
then
that
sum
=
0.
Consider
ax
examples
+
of
type
ax
_____
ax + c
In
______
case,
(ax+b)
(ax+b)
=
(ax+c)
+
2abx
+
b2
=
a2x2
+
2acx
2abx
2acx
=
c2
x
(
2ab
2ac
)
=
c2
(ax+c)
+
c2
2
b
b2
ax + b
this
a2x2
c2b2
______
2a(bc)
=
2a(bc)
As
per
Samuccaya
x
2a
2a
(c+b)(cb)
_________
(ax+b)
2ax+b+c
2ax
(c+b)
_____
(ax+c)
=
=
0
=
bc
(c+b)
______
=
Hence the statement.
Example
3x
______
3x + 4
3x + 5
3x
=
4:
5
______
Since N1 + N2 = 3x + 4 + 3x + 5 = 6x + 9 ,
And
D1 + D2 = 3x + 4 + 3x + 5 = 6x + 9
We
have
N1
+
N2
=
D1
+
D2
=
6x
+
9
Hence from Sunya Samuccaya we get 6x + 9 = 0
6x
9
9
6
Example
Hence
And
5x
_____
5x +12
__
5x
=
5x + 7
N1 + N2 = 5x + 7 + 5x + 12
D1 + D2 = 5x + 12 + 5x + 7
N1 + N2 = D1 + D2 gives 10x
10x
=
10
3
__
5:
12
_______
= 10x
= 10x
+ 19
+ 19
+ 19
= 0
19
19
____
6:
2x
_____
4x + 5
Here
D1
N1
+3
2x + 3
1
______
N2 = 2x + 3 +
x +
D2 = 4x + 5 + 2x +
= 2 ( 3x + 4 )
1
3
=
=
3x
6x
+
+
4
8
3x = 4
x =  4 / 3.
v) Samuccaya with the same meaning as above, i.e., case (iv), we solve the
problems leading to quadratic equations. In this context, we take the problems
as follows;
If
N1
+
N2
=
D1
+
D2
and
also
the
differences
N1 ~ D1 = N2 ~ D2 then both the things are equated to zero, the
solution gives the two values for x.
Example
7:
3x
_____
2x + 5
In
the
2x
5
______
3x + 2
conventional
3x
2x
text
+
_____
+
book
method,
we
2
5
work
2x
3x
as
follows
5
______
+
2
( 3x + 2 ) ( 3x + 2 ) = ( 2x + 5 ) ( 2x + 5 )
9x2
+
12x
+
4
=
4x2
+
20x
+
25
2
2
9x
+
12x
+
4
4x
20x
25
=
0
5x2
8x
21
=
0
5x2
15x
+
7x
21
=
0
5x ( x 3 ) + 7 ( x 3 ) = 0
(x
3
)
(
5x
+
7
)
=
0
x
3
=
0
or
5x
+
7
=
0
x = 3 or  7 / 5
Now Samuccaya sutra comes to help us in a beautiful way as follows :
Observe
Further
N1 + N2 = 3x + 2 + 2x + 5 = 5x
D1 + D2 = 2x + 5 + 3x + 2 = 5x
+
+
7
7
N1 ~ D1 = ( 3x + 2 ) ( 2x + 5 ) = x 3
N2 ~ D2 = ( 2x + 5) ( 3x + 2 ) =  x + 3 =  ( x 3 )
Hence
5x
+
5x
i.e.,
7
=
x
=
=
0
7
7
x
,
0
3
3
8:
3x
6x
+
______
+
4
=
5x
2x
Observe
that
N1 + N2 = 3x + 4 + 5x + 6
and D1 + D2 = 6x + 7 + 2x + 3
Further
N1
N2 ~ D2
~
D1
=
(3x
=
3x
+
=
3x
3
= (5x + 6) (2x + 3) =
By
Sunyam
8x
8x
8x
+
4)
(6x
+
4
6x
=
3
(
x
+
3x + 3 = 3( x + 1)
Samuccaye
+
10
=
0
8x
=
10
x
=
10
=5/4
=
=
3(
/
we
x
+
+
6
_____
3
+
+
10
10
7)
7
1
have
1
1
x
=
=
=
0
0
1
vi)Samuccaya with the same sense but with a different context and
application
.
Example
1
1
____
+
_____
x4
x6
x2
x8
Usually
we
x6+x4
___________
(x4)
(x6)
2x10
proceed
=
9:
1
____
as
1
____
follows.
x8+x2
___________
(x2)
(x8)
2x10
_________
x210x+24
_________
x210x+16
160
=
148x
240
132x
148x
=
160
240
16x
=
80
x =  80 /  16 = 5
Now Samuccaya sutra, tell us that, if other elements being equal, the sumtotal of the denominators on the L.H.S. and their total on the R.H.S. be the
same, that total is zero.
Now D1 + D2 = x 4 + x
D3 + D4 = x 2 + x 8 = 2x 10
By
Samuccaya,
2x
x
10
2x
gives
__
10,
2x
and
10
10
5
Example
10:
____
x

D1 + D 2 = x
D3
+
D4
=
x
Now
2x
1
____
=
x
1
____
5
1
_____
12
+
x
8 + x 9 = 2x 17, and
5
+
x
12
=
2x
17
17
=
0
gives
2x
=
17
=
__
17
8
2
Example
11:
1
____
x
+
1
_____
x
+
10
1
____
+
6
1
_____
+
9
This is not in the expected form. But a little work regarding transposition
makes
the
above
as
follows.
____
+
1
7
+
x
1
____
+
9
1
= ____
x
+
6
+
x
1
_____
+
10
Now
Samuccaya
sutra
D1 + D 2 = x + 7 + x
D3 + D4 = x + 6 + x + 10 = 2x + 16
Solution
is
given
by
2x
applies
2x
16 = 0 i.e.,
x =  16 / 2 =  8.
16,
and
16.
7 ( x + 2 ) + 3 ( x + 2 ) = 6 ( x + 2 ) + 5 ( x + 2 )
2.
3.
( x  1 ) ( x + 14
4.
5.
6x
3x
+
______
+
=
x
4
_____
____
 5
1
____
2x
______
2x+
=
+
5x
11
x
=
7
3
=
x
2x
=
3x
1
____
 3
1
0
2
4
0
7
2x+5
_____
2x+11
) = ( x + 2 ) ( x 7 )
4x
______
2x+
3
1
____
x  2
_____
3x
8.
9.
______
4
x
6.
7.
+
x
1
_____
3
4
_____
2
1
_____
 4
1
____
x7
x6
10.
____
x  10
=
x9
1
_____
1
_____
2x3
x 4 ) 3 + ( x 6 ) 3 = 2 ( x 5 )3
12x2 + 48x 64 + x 3 18x2 + 108x 216
= 2 ( x3 15x2 + 75x 125 )
2
30x + 156x 280 = 2x3 30x2 + 150x 250
156x
280
=
150x
250
156x
150x
=
280
250
6x
=
30
x = 30 / 6 = 5
Proof
6x2a
the
expression,
= 2x36x2a6x2b+6xa2+6xb2+12xab2a36a2b6ab22b3
cancel
the
common
terms
on
both
sides
12xa2+12xb28a38b3
=
6xa2+6xb2+12xab2a36a2b6ab22b3
6xa2 + 6xb2 12xab = 6a3 + 6b3 6a2b 6ab2
6x ( a2 + b2 2ab ) = 6 [ a 3 + b3 ab ( a + b )]
x ( a b )2 = [ ( a + b ) ( a2 + b2 ab ) ( a + b )ab]
=
(
a
+ b
) (
a2
+
b2
2ab )
=
(
a
+
b
)
(
a
b
)2
x=a+b
Solve
the
following
using
Sunyam
1.
)3
2.
)3
3.
9
10
Samuccaye
)3
process
)3
)3
)3
( x + a + b c )3 + ( x + b + c a ) 3 = 2 ( x + b )3
Example
:
(x
(x + 3)3
with
the
x3
text
+
______
x+4
book
2)3
procedures
6x2
+
12x
_______________
x3 + 9x2 + 27x +27
x+4
Now
1
_____
as
follows
by
we
+8
proceed
=
cross
1
_____
multiplication,
54x
=
27
32
2x
=
5
x=5/2
Observe
that
(
N1
+
L.H.S. is x
N2
D1
)
+ 2 +
D2
on
with
x +
the
in
the
3 = 2x
right
cubes
+ 5
hand
on
and
side
is
Solve
the
following
by
(x
(x
(x
(x  7)3
______
x9
2x
5.
method
x =  5 / 2.
using
+
______
+
5)3
34
vedic
1.
x+1
____
x+7
3)3
=
5)3
2.
3
____