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Week 12 Noun clauses, Revision

Practical course Vocabulary and Grammar

1. Rewrite each of the following sentences starting with the words given.
a) People have completely distorted views about the European Union. That is my experience.
Its ............................
b) My brother completely forgot about my birthday, which upset me.
The fact .............................
c) He didnt even phone me at Christmas which made me really angry.
What ..............................
d) When does our flight leave? Im a little unsure of the time.
Im .............................
e) We might go there again or we might not. Its a good restaurant, nevertheless.
Whether .............................
f) I understood the plot. It wasnt a problem for me.
Understanding ...........................
g) The kidnapper said he would shoot the hostages if food wasnt sent.
The kidnapper threatened .........................
h) The audience couldnt understand everything she said because the subject was so difficult.
For the audience ........................
2. In the following passage, ten phrases have been taken out and listed below. Decide where they have been taken from and write the
appropriate capital letter in the numbered gap.
A) the fact that so many people
F) that action will be taken
B) or at least an absence of rain
G) its absurd
C) its a pity
H) that good weather
D) that people have stopped caring
I) the fact that this has not happened here
E) that people have put up with it
J) here we are
I sit here shivering in July. This is the month that should see us prancing along beaches and complaining of the oppressive heat. And
(1), contemplating whether to turn the central heating on. No, thats not an option. Not in July. Yet we have suffered day after day of drizzle
mixed in with occasional thunderstorms. Its amazing (2). In any civilised country it would have led to demonstrations. People would
have marched with posters demanding sunshine (3). Is (4) a testimony to our resigned attitude to the weather? Can it be true
(5)? Surely not. And yet, (6) have been grinning and bearing it these past few weeks suggests it may be so. How can any nation sit back
and accept the climate it is given year in, year out? We need motions passed (7) be shared about more evenly. We need assurances
(8). (9) that some people should go on ad nauseam about deforestation and global warming and things like that. (10) those same
people dont take out bitterly cold July more seriously. I cant stand another one like this.
3. For each of the following sentences, write a new sentence as similar as possible in meaning to the original sentence, but using the
word given.
a) The landlord demanded to know the extent of the damage done at the previous nights party. much

b) The book-keeper asked for consideration to be given to the probable cost of such a venture. how
....................................................................................................................................................................................................................
c) The board were unable to agree on the best person for the job. who
........................................................................................................................................................................................ ............................
d) No one seems too sure as to the actual frequency of earthquakes in the area. often
........................................................................................................................................... .........................................................................
e) The police need to establish the vehicles precise speed at the moment of impact. fast
............................................................................................................................. ........................................................................................
4. Complete each of the following sentences with a suitable word or phrase.
a) What the verdict hinges reliable the landladys testimony is seen to be.
b) Whether the imprisoned serial killer will ever only the Justice Minister can answer.
c) They put the girls string of thefts she had been treated badly in school.
d) Why he suddenly threw promising career in the police is anybodys guess.
e) How becoming overcrowded is obviously a consideration when judges are sentencing.
f) What to regular recidivists is clearly a problem.
g) People are thinking constantly about how punishment fit the crime.

Week 12 Noun clauses, Revision

Practical course Vocabulary and Grammar

h) The state really has to decide once and for all what is to with juvenile offenders.
5. Change the verb in brackets to a to-infinitive or ing form as appropriate. Add any other preposition that is needed.
a) Have you ever considered (move) to York; it is considered (be) one of the nicest cities in
England.
b) I like (leave) home before 8.15 in the morning. I dont like (sit) in traffic when I know I
could be doing something useful at work.
c) We were meant (leave) at seven but that would have meant (get) up at 5.30.
d) Im rather afraid (bring) the subject up with her because Im afraid (upset) her.
e) As youre so keen (follow) fashions, youll probably be keen (visit) this exhibition.
f) I regret (inform) you that I already regret (enroll) for this course.
g) Fortunately I remembered (bolt) the door, but to be honest, I dont remember (do) so.
h) She stopped (shout) for a moment and he decided (have) a cigarette.
6. Fill each of the gaps with one of the words listed. More than one word may fit. this, that, these, those, so, such, as
The events that have rocked Europe in the past fifty years and had a profound effect on (1) who witnessed them have a
certain extent passed me by. (2) a statement by a fifty-year-old man may seem rather silly but
(3) it seems to me. I was too young to appreciate what was happening in Hungary in 1956. In (4) days we had no
television at home and I was too young to read the newspapers. (5) was an event I discovered through history books
rather than the media. Prague in 1968 found me on a remote island with no TV; (6) is why the tanks in the square I
only really remember from black and white front-page photos. Even (7) memories have faded to sepia, as it were.
Then there was Gdansk and the shipyards. Again at (8) time I was living without the benefit of moving pictures and
gained a rather vague impression of events from the radio. Many other (9) landmark events have not left me with clear
animated images. I never really saw the momentous Berlin Wall destruction in 1989. (10) with the other occasions,
(11) was one that I experienced through words rather than pictures, even more (12) than
Czechoslovakia 68. The effect was (13) of reading a novel as opposed to watching a play and, despite my now having
seen some news footage, has remained (14) to (15) day. All (16) events
have entered my subconscious, (17) have countless others, but they have done (18) with my
own subjective impressions of them and in (19) day and age, when truth and objective reality are so important, Im not
sure that I really like (20).
7. Underline the option that best completes each sentence.
a) Unless she makes a dramatic recovery, her [a. onlooker; b. outcast; c. stand-in] will have to play the part.
b) There was a sudden [a. downpour; b. fallout; c. outburst] and we ran for cover.
c) She gave her young son a real [a. telling-off; b. shoot-out; c. offspring].
d) There has been a welcome [a. outbreak; b. outcry; c. breakout] of peace in Europe.
e) The Presidents ultimate [a. turnout; b. downfall; c. output] was due to his excessive arrogance.
f) Some might say the telegraph was, indirectly, the original [a. breakout; b. breakdown; c. breakthrough] to the Internet and beyond.
g) I dont mind wearing my big brothers [a. pick-me-ups; b. turn-ups; c. hand-me-downs].
h) How do you account for the managers fiery [a. output; b. outburst; c. outcry] yesterday afternoon?
i) Management are threatening a [a. backlash; b. whip-round; c. crackdown] on punctuality and dress code.
8. Match the following nouns with the newspaper headlines. You may need to make some nouns plural. output, outcome, takeover,
lift-off, outcry, break-up, rip-off, pile-up, breakout, setting-up
a) 2 out of 3 marriage to do with money
b) Another motorway - 20 vehicles involved
c) up by 30% - boom time at car plant
d) Its a says housewife Maggie as service costs rocket
e) Mass from Californian prisons
f) Shuttle on schedule
g) Public as lifers are released
h) of negotiations still in doubt
i) Government promises of assemblies in more regions
j) Many held up by Monopolies Commission

Week 12 Noun clauses, Revision

Practical course Vocabulary and Grammar

9. Fill each of the numbered blanks with one of the words given wine, hard-up, untold, full butter, need, overweight, fleets,
brimming, surfeit, fraction, surplus, excessive, unimaginable, overdid
In Santa Maxima no one knew what is meant to be (1). Santa Maximans were (2) of optimism
and (3) over with confidence. When they hit the big time, their wealth became (4) and they
lived in a (5) of luxury and often with a (8) riches and (9) wealth,
they (10) everything, with their (11) of cars, their (12) mountains,
(13) lakes and over-consumption, desperately in (14) of a modicum of self-control to consume
a (15) of what was theirs to use. That was how life was in Santa Maxima before the revolution.
10. Put each verb in brackets into an appropriate tense.
Farmers, as we all (1) (know), (2) (have) a hard time of it in Britain lately, and (3)
(turn) to new ways of earning income from their land. This (4) (involve) not only planting new
kinds of crops, but some strange ways of making money, the most unusual of which had got to be sheep racing. Yes, you (5)
(hear) me correctly! A farmer in the West of England now (6) (hold) sheep races on a regular
basis, and during the past year over 100 000 people (7) (turn up) to watch the proceedings. I (8)
(pass) the farm on my way to the sea for a holiday, one punter told me, and I (9) (think) Id
have a look. I (10) (not believe) it was serious, to tell you the truth. According to a regular visitor, betting on sheep is
more interesting than betting on horses. At proper horse races everyone (11) (already study) the form of the horses in
advance, and there are clear favourites. But nobody (12) (hear) anything about these sheep! Most people (13)
(find) it difficult to tell one from another in any case. I (14) (stay) to watch the races, and I
must admit that I (15) (find) it quite exciting. In a typical race, half a dozen sheep (16) (race)
downhill over a course of about half a mile. Food (17) (wait) for them at the other end of the track, I ought to add! The
sheep (18) (run) surprisingly fast, although presumably they (19) (not eat) for a while just to
give them some motivation. At any rate, the crowd around me (20) (obviously enjoy) their day out at the races.
Judging by their happy faces and the sense of excitement.
11. Rewrite each sentence, beginning as shown, so that the meaning stays the same.
a) It is thought that the prisoner was recaptured while drinking in a pub.
The prisoner ....................................................................................................................................................................................
b) Someone broke into Johns flat last week.
John ................................................................................................................................................................................................
c) Please dont turn on the radio.
Id rather you ..................................................................................................................................................................................
d) The wind was bending the young tree to the ground.
The young tree .............................................................................................................. ..................................................................
e) If you missed the first half, you cant really say you understood the film.
Unless ...................................................................................................................... .......................................................................
f) Everyone believed that the house had been sold.
The house ................................................................................................................... ....................................................................
g) What would you do if you lost your job?
Supposing .......................................................................................................................................................................................
h) When you have finished building the house, well plan the garden.
After the house ............................................................................................................. ..................................................................
i) Its a pity I am going to work tomorrow.
I wish ...................................................................................................................... .......................................................................
j) The living-room hasnt been painted for two years.
We ..................................................................................................................................................................................................
12. Choose the most suitable word or phrase given.
a) Dont be silly! That [a. mustnt; b. shouldnt; c. wont; d. cant] possibly be Madonna.
b) No sooner had we started the picnic, [a. than; b. when; c. that; d. and] the rain began pouring down!
c) At the [a. quite; b. simply; c. very; d. absolutely] same moment, we both realised what was happening.
d) I supposed, as [a. did; b. would; c. equally; d. just] we all, that the meeting would be cancelled.
e) Ive told you time and time [a. to; b. over; c. again; d. before] not to leave the door open!
f) Sorry Im late, but I [a. needed; b. must; c. had to; d. was to] call in at the supermarket on the way.
g) You [a. neednt; b. must; c. all; d. might] have told me that my skirt was split!
h) If the phone rings, it [a. can; b. will; c. would; d. shall] before me.

Week 12 Noun clauses, Revision

Practical course Vocabulary and Grammar

i) At the end of the week, all the sales staff were [a. utterly; b. even; c. actually; d. to be] exhausted.
j) The team [a. mustnt; b. wouldnt; c. shouldnt; d. neednt] be the same without Margaret Hargreaves.
13. Put a/an, the or leave the space blank.
a) Thats last time that I go to horror film.
b) In circumstances I would say he hasnt chance.
c) Id like to buy piano one day but I havent got money.
d) Could you give me hand to take rubbish downstairs?
e) girl I told you about is one on left.
f) address is: Park Hotel, 42 Castle Road, Dover.
g) Mary spent year and half working with sick people in Africa.
h) medicine doctor gave me makes me feel tired all day.
i) Dawson put ball in net early in second half but goal was disallowed.
j) Terry became teacher with best exam results in school.
14. Circle the word or phrase which best completes each sentence.
a) The painting bears a [a. heated; b. fine; c. striking; d. comparable] resemblance to El Grecos earlier works.
b) I dont think its fair to [a. do; b. strike; c. draw; d. take] a comparison between the two sisters.
c) She gave a [a. matchless; b. suitable; c. listless; d. competent] performance of the concerto that had the audience on its feet.
d) I think youll find that the Americans are [a. kilometres; b. streets; c. ages; d. inches] ahead of us when it comes to space research.
e) Adding salt at this stage is not going to make one [a. gram; b. iota; c. measurement; d. shred] of difference.
f) Most people think the 306 [a. compares; b. matches; c. equals; d. draws] favourably to earlier models.
g) I enjoy swimming, but [a. on the contrary; b. on the face of it; c. as a rule; d. in a nutshell] I avoid crowded pools.
h) I have often helped my wife with the cleaning, though [a. in contrast; b. especially; c. alternatively; d. admittedly] not for some time.
i) They still havent made a decision [a. on reflection; b. with regard; c. in view; d. by contrast] to the new colour scheme.
j) [a. Shortly; b. Overall; c. Nonetheless; d. Subsequently] they seem to be in agreement, though there are still some details to be settled.
15. Circle the correct word. If both are correct, circle both.
a) Are those sheep / sheeps or goats in that field over there?
b) How many sister-in-laws / sisters-in-law have you got?
c) Look at those lovely little fish / fishes!
d) Ive only got one important piece of new / news to tell you, I think.
e) The hairdresser quickly swept up the hair / hairs on the floor.
f) Ill be giving you a lot of information / informations, so do please take notes.
g) Weve bought quite a lot of furniture / furnitures in the last few days.
h) Could you give us permission / permissions to miss PE tomorrow?
i) Physic / Physics is my favourite subject by far.
j) I think Ive got some money / monies on me.
k) Im going to give them all the advice / advices I can.
l) What kind of jewellery / jewelleries are you interested in getting?
m) Would you like some chocolate / chocolates?
n) Youve got to have very good general knowledge / knowledges to go on Who Wants To Be A Millionaire.
o) Ive always been interested in politic / politics.