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Air conditioning is the process of altering the properties of air (primarily temperature
and humidity) to more favourable conditions. More generally, air conditioning can refer
to any form of technological cooling, heating, ventilation, or disinfection that modifies
the condition of air.[1]
An air conditioner is a home appliance, system, or mechanism designed to change the
air temperature and humidity within an area (used for cooling and sometimes heating
depending on the air properties at a given time). The cooling is typically done using a
simple refrigeration cycle, but sometimes evaporation is used, commonly for comfort
cooling in buildings and motor vehicles. In construction, a complete system of heating,
ventilation and air conditioning is referred to as "HVAC".

Which type of Air Conditioner?

Windows AC
These types of AC are designed to be fitted in window sills.
A single unit of Window Air Conditioner houses all the
necessary components, namely the compressor,
condenser, expansion valve or coil, evaporator and cooling
coil enclosed in a single box. Since a window AC is a single
unit, it takes less effort to install as well as for


Single unit air conditioner

Less effort needed for installation
Costs lesser in comparison to other varieties

Split AC
These are kits of 2 units, one internal and another
external. The indoor unit installed inside a room intakes
warm air and throws in cold air. The outdoor unit on the
other hand is installed out of the house. It contains the
compressor and is linked to the internal unit via drain
pipes and electric cables. This external unit throws out the
warm air.


Internal unit takes up less space for installation

Usually more silent than window ACs
Minimally affect your home decor
Can be installed in room with no windows

Tower AC
These are also known as floor-standing air conditioners.
Like split ACs, a tower AC set consists of 2 units- one
internal and an external. However, the indoor unit doesnt
need wall installation. It rather occupies some space on
the floor. Tower air conditioners usually have high cooling
capacity and suitable for very large rooms.

Suitable for high capacity cooling

Ideal for large rooms at home and in offices
Doesn't need windows or wall installation

Cassette AC
These space-saving ACs are shaped like cassettes and are
designed to be installed on ceilings. The panel of these air
conditioners is designed to blend with all kinds of home
dcor. They are stylish, and are known to deliver fantastic
performances. Most cassette type air conditioners require
no ducting. They are perfect for large spaces where
windows or split AC may not reach out.


Best at saving space

Able to cool large areas where other ACs dont reach out
Blends with decor

Cube Air Conditioner

This fairly new design introduced by Panasonic can be
mounted close to a ceiling or at the window level.
Basically, this is a smaller version of the split type air
conditioner and costs less than the former. The indoor unit
features a newly designed diagonal propeller fan for
efficient and fast cooling. Improved blade shape curvature
and larger intake grill further aid for efficient

Can be mounted close to the ceiling or at window level

Newly designed diagonal propeller fan for fast cooling
Improved blade shape curvature for efficient performance

Room Size Vs. Air Conditioner capacity

Match the air conditioning unit to the size of the room it's cooling. As a rule of thumb,
the bigger the room, the more powerful an air con unit will have to be to cool it:

Underpowered air conditioners will have to work harder, wasting energy.

Overpowered air conditioners are an unnecessary expense.

How much capacity will i need?

Air conditioners are rated by BTU (British Thermal Unit) and power output, in kilowatts
(kW). To work out the approximate sized air con you'll need, apply this simple formula:

Bedroom: 80 watts (0.080kW) per square metre (length by width). For example,
a 16m bedroom should need around 1.28kW of air conditioning
Living room: 125 watts (0.125kW) per square metre. For example, a 30m living
room should require around 3.75kW
Target Room To
100 To 150 Square
150 To 250 Square
250 To 350 Square
350 To 400 Square
400 To 450 Square
450 To 550 Square
550 To 700 Square
700 To 1000
Square Feet
More Than 1000



0.75 Ton

Atleast 1 Ton

0.75 Ton

Atleast 1 Ton

0.75 Ton

Atleast 1.5 Tons

0.8 Ton

Atleast 1.5 Tons

1 Ton

Atleast 1.5 Tons

1.1 Ton

Atleast 2 Tons

1.5 Ton

Atleast 2 Tons

Above 2 Ton

Above 2 Ton

Above 2 Ton

Above 2 Tons

Proximity to the kitchen and appliances increases a room's required cooling.

Is it Noisy?
If you're considering an outdoor air conditioning unit, check the relevant noise level

Are filters necessary?

Yes. Good air conditioning units will use filters to prevent bacteria and allergens being
recycled through the room.

It's important to clean the filter every few weeks.

Some units have an indicator to show when the filter needs

Positioning Is Important?

Avoid positioning the air conditioning unit on the side of the house that gets the
most sun; this will cause it to be less efficient.
For efficient cooling, mount the unit high in the room cool air sinks.
Key differences between Window, "Split" and a "cassette" air conditioners

AC Parameters

Window AC

Split AC

Cassette AC

Suitable For

Small rooms with a

window sill

Any room with or

without a window

Large indoor spaces


Relatively on the
higher side

Minimal noise

Silent operation

Capacity range

0.75 ton to 2 ton

0.8 to 2 ton

1 ton to 4 ton


Humidity control,
dust filter

Humidity control,
dust filter, bacteria

Humidity control,
dust filter, bacteria

Interference with
home decor

Slight possibility to
interfere with
window curtains
and drapes

Designer indoor
units blend well
with wall decor

Barely interferes
with interior decor

Ease of

Minimal effort

Indoor and outdoor

units need some
amount of effort for

Needs specialised
false ceiling

Energy Efficient Ratio (EER) For Air Conditioners .

EER Of AC= Cooling Capacity ( Watts) /Power Consumption (watt) .

EER OF 1 Tr (3514 W) Capacity Ac Consuming 1500 W Power =
Star Rating Systems as of Now Based on EER.
-1 Star :- 2.3
-2 Star :- 2.5
-3 Star :- 2.7
-4 Star :- 2.9
-5 Star :- 3.1
EER can be Improved by increasing cooling capacity or Reducing Power input or
bit through .
-Increasing heat exchanger surface area of indoor unit & outdoor unit .
-Optimizing Heat Transfer coefficient on both the air and refrigerant Side
and also reducing air leakages.
-Use of high efficiency Compressor & Fan Motor.