You are on page 1of 12

I.

INTRODUCTION
Resonant converters are very attractive in practice

Analysis of Series-Parallel

because they have high efficiency, small size, light


weight, fast dynamic response, low component stresses,

Resonant Converter

and low noise. One of the relatively new resonant


dc/dc converters is a series-parallel resonant converter
(SPRC)

[1-11] also called an LCC converter [1,4,


It comprises a Class D inverter [12-15]

6, 10, 11].

and one of the Class D voltage-driven rectifiers, as


MARIAN K. KAZI MIERCZUK,

shown in Fig.

Senior Member, IEEE

1. Class D

inverters have the lowest

voltage stresses across the switches among the resonant

NANDAKUMAR THIRUNARAYAN

inverters, which makes them suitable for applications

SHAN WANG

in off-line power supplies and permits the

Wright State University

use

of

low-voltage metal-oxide-semiconductor field-effect


transistors (MOSFETs). Low-voltage MOSFETs have
low on-resistances, resulting in low conduction losses
and yielding high efficiency. Previous publications

A rrequency..cJomain steady-state analysis is given for a


series-parallel resonant
continuous conduction

converter

mode

[1, 2, 4-11] analyzed the converter in the time domain.

(SPRC) operating In the

The results of most analyses are obtained in the form

(CCM) using Fourier series

tecbniques. Equations for performance parameters are derived


under

steady-state

conditions to provide sbqJle design Iools.

The topology of the SPRC cOoDines the

advantageous properties

of both the series resonant converter (SRC) and the parallel


resonant converter (PRC).

The

novel half-wave reelmer SPRC,


part-load efficiency,

key resulls of the work are:

:%)

of design curves, and are not available as simple


analytical expressions.

1)

Class D Inverter

DC

conditions for obtaining high

and 3) several

boundary frequencies and

llmitlng conditions such as the capacitive/Inductive load boundary

and open -circuit and


asured for an

load resistances

+V01- tiD2
V2 D2
t1o'2 +

sbort-circult o:ases. Experimental results

80 W

and

Class 0 Rectifiers

41

converter above the resonance at different

Input voltages sbow exo:ellent agreement to

the theoretical perforlDllDU predicted by the equations.

Cf

(a)

(b)

O
Manuscript received March 22, 1991; revised August 27 and
December 10, 1991, and January 6, 1992.
IEEE Log No. T-AES!29/l!03781.
This work was supported by the National Science Foundation under
Grant E CS-8922695.
Authors' address: Dept. of Electrical Engineering, Wright State
University, Dayton, OH 45435.

(c)
Fig. 1.

Series-parallel resonant dc/dc converter with various Class


D voltage-driven rectifiers. (a) With half-wave rectifier. (b) With
transformer center-tapped rectifier. (c) With bridge rectifier.

The objectives here are:


half-wave rectifier SPRC,

0018-92511931$3.00 1993 IEEE

88

2)

1) to introduce the
to derive analytical

equations for the SPRC operating in the continuous

IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON AEROSPACE AND E lECTRONIC S YSTEMS

VOL 29, NO. 1 JANUARY 1993