# Week 1 Practice Worksheet

PSY/315 Version 6

University of Phoenix Material
Week 1 Practice Worksheet
Prepare a written response to the following questions.

Chapter 1
1. Explain and give an example for each of the following types of variables:

a. Nominal: Variable that has two or more categories, but there is no intrinsic ordering to the
categories. An example of a nominal variable would be gender.
b. Ordinal: A variable used to rank a sample of individuals with some characteristics, but differences.
An example of this would be intervals.
c.

Interval: Allows for the degree of difference between items, but not the ratio between them.

An example could be the temperature used on a Celsius scale, with its two defined points
and then separated into 100 intervals.
d. Ratio scale: An interval scale in which distances are stated with respect to a rational zero rather
than with respect to the mean. An example of a ratio scale would be mass and length.
e. Continuous: A variable that is not restricted to particular values. An example of a continuous
variable would be reaction time.
f.

Discrete: Variables that can only take on a finite number of values. All qualitative variables are
discrete.

g. Quantitative: Variables that are measured on a numeric or quantitative scale. An example of this
variable could be a country’s population, or the speed of a car.
h. Qualitative: Variable that has no natural sense of ordering. They are measured on a nominal
scale. An example of this variable could be a group of names.
2. Following are the speeds of 40 cars clocked by radar on a particular road in a 35-mph zone on a
particular afternoon:
30, 36, 42, 36, 30, 52, 36, 34, 36, 33, 30, 32, 35, 32, 37, 34, 36, 31, 35, 20
24, 46, 23, 31, 32, 45, 34, 37, 28, 40, 34, 38, 40, 52, 31, 33, 15, 27, 36, 40
Make a frequency table and a histogram, then describe the general shape of the distribution.

15-19

20-24

25-29

30-34

35-39

40-44

45-49

50-54

1

3

2

16

11

4

2

1