Week One Worksheet

PSY/345 Version 2

University of Phoenix Material
Week One Worksheet
Respond to the following questions in 75 to 150 words each.
Differentiate between sensation and perception. Explain the importance of separating
these concepts.
The differences between sensation and perception is that sensation is the elementary
elements that, according to structuralist, combine to create perception. Whereas,
perception is the conscious sensory experience (Goldstein, 2014). This student has always
looked at sensations as those things in a persons’s environment that one can see, hear,
smell, touch, taste, and feel. On the other hand perception is how a person’s brain will
interpret what is seen, heard, smelt, felt, or touched.
2. Identify the biological factors that influence sensation and perception.
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Some of the biological factors that influence sensations would be the smell of a fresh
baked cinnamon roll, the smell of rubber at a race tract, the touch from a grandchilds
hands. Just about anything that a person is experiencing can affect a persons sensation.
When a person smells a hot cinnamon roll coming out of an oven and orders one their
sensation is how wonderful that cinnamon roll is going to taste and then they take a bite
and perception takes over and either the cinnamon roll is as wonderful as they thought it
was or they were given one that was baked earlier in the day and their perception has now
changed what their initial sensation told them about how wonderful this cinnamon roll
was going to taste.
3. As we age or incur visual impairment, we may need brighter light when reading. Explain
why this is the case.
The reason a person may need brighter light when they get older amd are reading is
because of a condition called presbyopia (old eye). When a person is 20 years old their
near point is 10 cm but this will increase to 14 cm around the age of 30, and then to 22
cm around the age of 40, and would you believe it will also increase to 100 cm at the age
of 60.
4. You are shown a picture of an elephant. Explain how that stimulus is processed from the
retina to the visual cortex of the brain.
The human visual system involves communication between the eye and the brain to
represent external stimuli as images. Much of visual processing occurs outside the brain
within the retina of the eye. all sensory information must reach the cerebral cortex to be
perceived and, with one exception, reach the cortex by way of the thalamus. Dealing with
the visual system, the thalamic nucleus is the lateral geniculate nucleus and the cortex is
the striate cortex of the occipital lobe.

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