LUNAR®

DPX-IQ Service Manual

Rev. E (3/98)

Chapter 5
Diagnostics
This chapter contains brief discussions of the tools diskette and the error log.
5.1 Tools Diskette..........................................................................................................5-1
Tools Directory..............................................................................................................5-1
Installing Edit Scan........................................................................................................5-2
Using Edit Scan ............................................................................................................5-2
Loading and Removing the Diagnostic Utilities..............................................................5-7
5.2 Error Log ...............................................................................................................5-13

Diagnostics

Chapter 5

E (3/98) THIS PAGE LEFT BLANK INTENTIONALLY Chapter 5 Diagnostics .LUNAR® DPX-IQ Service Manual Rev.

Diags and Monitor. ERRDUMP CR FF PRCONFIG EDITSCAN WINDPMI EXE EXE EXE 386 Most of these files are loaded in to the customer's computer when the system software is loaded. The program records entry to and exit from the LUNAR software. and change the Scan Type and Side information in femur and orthopedic hip files. These are instructions for installing and using the Edit Scan program: NOTE: Tools Diskette These instructions assume that the DPX-IQ software is installed on the C Drive in the \LUNAR subdirectory. ERRDUMP.BIN). unanalyze a file. The Tools diskettes have three utilities. E (3/98) Tools Diskette LUNAR Tools diskettes are not available to the customer. This software is available to LUNAR authorized representatives only.1 DPX-IQ Service Manual Rev. The Edit Scan program lets you edit a patient's mandatory and optional information.LUNAR® 5. substitute the drive letter and subdirectory in which the software is installed in place of "C:\LUNAR" in these instructions. The software for each utility resides in a separate subdirectory on the Tools diskette.EXE is a program that records LUNAR software activity into a file (ERRLOG. errors that may occur during the operation of the software and what software program was being run when the error occurred. CR and FF stand for "carriage return" and "form feed". 5-1 . If the DPX-IQ software is not installed in this location. The subdirectories are named: Tools. Tools Directory There are 6 files in the TOOLS subdirectory. The files that are not part of the system software are CR and FF.

go to step 2 to continue. A message appears asking for the scan file name.EXE file should now be copied to the C:\LUNAR subdirectory. 2. the name of the subdirectory in which the copy of the file is located. NOTE: 1. Place the Tools diskette in the A Drive. 1.f00[Enter] 5-2 Tools Diskette . Enter the drive letter. At the DOS prompt. If the program was copied to a different subdirectory. 3. The EDITSCAN. The instructions in this section assume the Edit Scan program was copied to the C:\LUNAR subdirectory. Make sure the DOS prompt for that subdirectory appears on the screen. At the prompt. 2. For example. If the C:\LUNAR> prompt does not appear on the screen. type: copy a:\tools\editscan. If the C:\LUNAR> prompt appears on the screen. Edit Scan must be run from the subdirectory to which it was copied in the "Installing Edit Scan" section.exe c:\lunar Press [Enter]. to edit a copy of Jane Smith's first femur scan (SMITHJ00. and the Edit Scan program is ready to use. Using Edit Scan When editing a scan file. LUNAR strongly recommends a copy of the scan file be edited to protect the original file from damage.LUNAR® DPX-IQ Service Manual Rev. and the name of the file. type: editscan[Enter]. substitute the name of that subdirectory for "LUNAR" in these instructions. type: c:\study\smithj00. E (3/98) Installing Edit Scan The Edit Scan file must be copied to the subdirectory on your fixed disk that contains the DPXIQ software. type: c:[Enter] Next type: cd\lunar[Enter] The C:\LUNAR> prompt should now appear on the screen.F00) with the copy located in the C:\STUDY subdirectory.

The patient's mandatory and optional information appear. be sure to unanalyze the file ([F3]) before exiting the program. Use only UPPER CASE characters when entering information into the Ethnic Code and Base Filename fields. Press [Y] to save the changes. to edit the patient's information. Function Keys F1 F2 F3 Home .Scan File Editor Menu [F1]-Patient Information Press [F1]. NOTE: Rev. 5. A message appears asking if you want to save your changes. Tools Diskette 5-3 . If you do not use UPPER CASE characters in these fields. E (3/98) If the Scan Type or Right Side information are changed.Previous Figure 1 . problems may occur during analysis or database rebuilding.Unanalyze File .Selected Parameters . press [Home] from the Scan File Editor menu to exit the program. Press [Home] to return to the Scan File Editor menu. press [N] not to. There will be problems opening the file if it is not unanalyzed. The function keys are described in the section entitled "Function Keys" below. When finished editing.Patient Information .LUNAR® DPX-IQ Service Manual 4. Patient Information. 6. Use the arrow keys to move from field to field. Use the function keys listed in the menu to edit the file.

True 2 . highlight the Scan Type field and press [6].09899 Figure 2 .False If "True" appears in the Right Side field. to change a femur scan to an orthopedic hip scan. Change the scan type by highlighting the Scan Type field and pressing one of the following number keys: 1 . 5-4 Tools Diskette . Only use the [F2] option to make only the following edits: • change a femur scan to an orthopedic hip scan • change an orthopedic hip scan to a femur scan • change a right femur to a left femur • change a left femur to a right femur DO NOT change the scan type for scans that are not femur or orthopedic hip scans (for example. The AutoAnalyzed and Preprocessed fields are changed when you unanalyze a file. If "False" appears in the Right Side field. The Thickness field cannot be changed. Use the arrow keys to move from field to field. Making changes other than femur and orthopedic hip changes may destroy data. To change an orthopedic hip scan to a femur scan. Selected Parameters. Edit the Right Side field by highlighting the Right Side field and pressing either [1] or [2]. the scan is a right femur scan.Forearm 6 .Orthopedic For example. do not change an AP spine scan to a total body scan). 1 .Total Body 5 . The Selected Parameters fields appear (Figure 2). E (3/98) [F2]-Selected Parameters Press [F2].Femur 3 . press [2]. to change the scan type and side.LUNAR® DPX-IQ Service Manual Rev.AP Spine 2 . the scan is a left femur scan.Selected Parameters Field The only fields you can edit are the Scan Type and Right Side fields.Lateral 4 . Scan Type Right Side Auto Analyzed Prtprocessed Thickness Femur True True True 16.

CAUTION: If the latest version of the tools diskette is not used. [F3]-Unanalyze File Press [F3]. E (3/98) Press [Home] to return to the Scan File Editor menu. The word "False" appears in the AutoAnalyzed and Preprocessed fields when the file is unanalyzed. To check that the file is unanalyzed. the correct monitor version may be overwritten with an earlier version! When in doubt. type: FIRMVER [Enter] Tools Diskette 5-5 . to unanalyze a file. A new screen does not appear when [F3] is pressed because the program unanalyzes the file immediately after it is pressed. press [F2]. contact the Lunar Service Department. The monitor program may be run by typing the command: DL [Enter] and following the instructions which appear on the computer monitor. Monitor Directory The Monitor directory contains 3 files.LUNAR® DPX-IQ Service Manual Rev. They are: DL FIRMVER DPXFIRM EXE EXE HEX These files contain and load the monitor program into the EEPROM of the scanner's SBC board. If you wish to see which version of the SBC monitor program is currently programmed into the SBC. Unanalyze File. This software is also part of the System Diskette and is automatically loaded as part of the software loading procedures. Scan Parameters.

DIAGS.BAT is a batch program to transfer the diagnostic files to or remove them from the computer's hard drive. DIAGS\ANC Directory The ANC directory within the DIAGS directory contains four directories. The loading or erasing includes all of the files found in the ANC subdirectory within the Diags directory. The loading or erasing does not include the files found in the Tools or Monitor directories. These directories are: ENGLISH FRENCH GERMAN SPANISH (DIR) (DIR) (DIR) (DIR) Each of these directories contain the software to provide the diagnostic screen displays in one of the four languages available. DIAGNOS. At this time not all screens have been translated into the other languages. They are: ANC (DIR) DIAGNOS BAT DIAGS EXE The Diagnostic software performs various tests used to verify proper operation of the scanner as well as to troubleshoot scanner failures.EXE is the file containing the software to run the diagnostic tests on the scanner.LUNAR® DPX-IQ Service Manual Rev. 5-6 Tools Diskette . E (3/98) Diags Directory The Diags directory contains 2 files and one subdirectory. The diagnostic tests are discussed later in this document.

turned on and on line for the software to continue past the gray screen and produce the Diagnostics Main Menu. dpx*. If the computer locks up at the gray screen. see section 8. Tools Diskette 5-7 . press (F4). To return to this part of the program from the other programs.12 Diags begins with the Quality Assurance Tests Menu selected.e. orthoped. E (3/98) Loading and Removing the Diagnostic Utilities Loading the Program The Diagnostic programs can be loaded by running the DIAGNOS program. (all characters must be lower case). start at the C:\(subdirectory) prompt and type: DIAGS [Enter] The scanner and the system printer must be connected.exe). Once the loading procedure is complete.LUNAR® DPX-IQ Service Manual Rev.exe. Removing the Program from the Customer's Fixed Disk Type: a:\diags\diagnos unload (subdirectory) [Enter] (all characters must be lower case) Using Diags To begin the Diagnostic program. Insert the Tools diskette in the A drive and type: a:\diags\diagnos load (subdirectory) [Enter]. where (subdirectory) is where the executable program is located (i.exe.. the diagnostic software can be accessed by typing DIAGS from the C:\(subdirectory) prompt. or sa.

If "Stop" is selected for Detector Motion. NOTE: One set of 50 standard scans takes approximately ten hours to run. This is an excellent device for testing the scanner over night. If this is not done. When installing the scanner. Analyze Air Matrix Scan When the Air Matrix scan is over. 3. The "Matrix Acquisition" screen will appear. The F2 and F3 options are not implemented at this time. The results of the scans will not be printed out until the completion of ALL the scans. all of the data will be collected in one place. the "Matrix" menu appears. Normally all of the default values should be used. smaller numbers may be entered for Scan Lines (longitudinal scan length) and Scan Points (transverse scan length). Write down the file name in the upper right hand corner. This time. When this option is selected. If the delay has been turned on in the Print Manager. Remove the table top and insert a 1/4" piece of aluminum (or an attenuation insert) must be between the tube head and the detector. If it is not desired that the entire scan area be scanned. always use the default settings so that the alignment over the entire scanning surface is examined. Press (Esc) to begin the scan. 4.Previous Selecting (F1) will display the statistical analysis and ask if a printout is desired. E (3/98) Quality Assurance Tests 1. the "Quality Assurance Tests" menu will appear again. After the program finishes reading and processing the file data. press (4) to analyze the Air Matrix scan. Perform Air Matrix Scan If (3) is selected. a list of options will be displayed: F1 F2 F3 F4 Overall Statistics Line Statistics Column Statistics Deviation Image Home . The (F4) option shows a color pattern of each pixel's 5-8 Tools Diskette . then the printouts will begin to be printed at the designated time. If the default values are changed the results will not be meaningful. Include the reports with the installation report.1. ACCEPT THE DEFAULT VALUES for everything except the Number of Calibration Scans and Number of Scan Sets. Type in the name of the Air Matrix Scan file. Multiple Standard Scans This selection runs the Quality Assurance Tests automatically. Peak / Set AMP Gain See "Peak Adjustment Procedure" section 6. Press (Esc) to begin the sets of Quality Assurance Tests. It should be used overnight when installations run more than one day. the results will not be valid. 2. the "System Configuration" screen will come up.LUNAR® F4 DPX-IQ Service Manual Rev.

There is a choice of High Channel Counts.10). move the cursor to the Operating Voltage or Tube Current entries. When kV and mA parameters are set in the Static Counter X-rays are being made regardless if sampling is being done. 5. The Sampling Parameters determine how often the SBC reads the 38 and 70 keV counts and reports these counts to the program. Static Counter The Static Counter is one of the most useful of the Diagnostic programs. not when sampling begins and ends! Using the arrow keys. The Collimator may be toggled between Medium and Fine: Use the arrow keys to move the cursor to the Collimator entry. Press (1) for medium collimation. and end when they are lowered to 750 µA or less. And if operated at high current for 5 minutes. The Deviation Image can be very helpful in determining how to take corrective action when the Air Matrix Scan fails (see "Failing Air Matrix Results" section 8. and display the counts on the monitor screen. There should not be any need to change the Samples per Second or Number of Samples value. this program can do much more. The voltage and current are changed as soon as the (Enter) key is pressed. print them on the printer. Low Channel Counts. Otherwise 50 repeats (the default value) is perfect for making alignment pictures. Use the backspace key to create some spaces. The Static Counter program was primarily designed to take sample counts of the 38 and 70 keV channels. Set the X-ray Spectrum and Intensity: The X-ray High Voltage can be set from 0 to 80 kV and the current can be set from 0 µA to 5000 µA (high current applicable to Spellman power supply systems only). E (3/98) deviation (in units of standard deviations) from the mean value of all pixels. All time limitations start when kV and mA are set. Operation at 750 µA and lower during this cooling period is acceptable. CAUTION: NOTE: Do not operate at over 1000 µA for more than 5 minutes. However. Press (Home) to leave the scanner at the present position and return to the scanner control screen. or dump the results to a file. and (2) for small collimation. This feature is useful for positioning the x-ray beam for the alignment pictures. Press (F1) and use the front panel position switches to move the Tube Head and detector to any location. Tools Diskette 5-9 . allow a 10 minute cooling period. or Worst Case (the computer selects the most deviant of the two channels). or choose (Esc) to allow the scanner to automatically adjust for the Patient Locator Light offset. It may be useful to change the number of repeats to a large value if an x-ray beam or counts are needed for a long period of time. and then type the appropriate number.LUNAR® DPX-IQ Service Manual Rev.

and for dead time (the inability of the counting electronics to react to two photons arriving at the detector nearly simultaneously). Sampling Parameters. the software will correct the counts for signal superpositions caused by multiple photons striking the detector simultaneously. Move the cursor down one more line to set the file name.LUNAR® DPX-IQ Service Manual Rev. move the cursor to "To File" and press (1) to turn this feature ON. move the cursor to "To Printer" and press (1) to turn this feature ON.LOG. To print the results. E (3/98) Data Corrections should be normally left OFF. To save the results to a file. After the Scanner Parameters. When Data Corrections are switched ON. or allow the data to be stored in the default file C:\STATIC. and Data Output modes have been set. Quick Collimation Ratio This test runs part of the daily QA to test the collimation ratio in our factory. the sampling process can be started by pressing the (ESC) key. The Data Output may be directed to a printer or a file in addition to the display on the monitor screen. 5-10 Tools Diskette . 6.

When (Esc) is pressed. Limit Switch Closure If (1) is pressed. the scanner will step from one Limit Switch to the next around the perimeter of the scan window. the scanner will move until it closes the Limit Switch. 2. and press (Esc). should be positioned in the Home corner of the scanner. press (1) to set and (2) to verify. the program will display whether or not the Limit Switch has been set within allowed tolerances. 4. The other switches may be selected by pressing (F1) through (F4): (F1) sets and verifies the Longitudinal Home Limit Switch (F2) sets and verifies the Longitudinal Away Limit Switch (F3) sets and verifies the Transverse Away Limit Switch (F4) sets and verifies the Transverse Home Limit Switch The setting and verification of the Limit Switches can only be done with the Table Top removed. The verification is the same as selecting (2) above. When (1) is pressed. Once the Limit Switch is set. the program allows for verification immediately. Use the Front Panel Position Switches to move the scanner until the large collimator hole is directly beneath the hole in the Home Position Fixture. Set the Limit Switch. the program may be used in conjunction with the home position fixture to set and verify limit switch positions. the program asks that the scanner be moved to Home using the Front Panel Position Switches. With the End Doors and Front Panel removed. This option is helpful in determining if all of the Limit Switches and their associated cables are operating correctly. The Position Switches are used again to align the large collimator hole with the Home Position Fixture hole. This is the same test performed in the Quality Assurance Test and reported as Transverse and Longitudinal Mechanics values. which is part of the Alignment Kit. Press (Esc) and the scanner will move to the exact position where the Limit Switch should be set. As soon as it closes the Limit Switch. E (3/98) Limit Switch Diagnostics 1. the status of each of the four limit switches is displayed. 3. Set Limit Switches If (2) is selected. the Home Position Fixture. Limit To Limit Distance If (3) is selected from the Limit Switch Diagnostics menu. Once the desired switch is selected. and if their signals are being properly interpreted by the SBC Board. Home Scanner Moves arm to home position. The program starts with the adjustment of the Transverse Home Limit Switch (which would normally be a selection of (F4)). Tools Diskette 5-11 .LUNAR® F1 DPX-IQ Service Manual Rev.

Patient Localizer (Light) Collimator Selection Solenoid / Beam Indicator X-Ray Relay Linearity/Reproducibility Tubehead Thermocouple Option 5. Position Controls If (1) is pressed.LUNAR® F2 DPX-IQ Service Manual Rev. and independent of line voltage. Speed Accuracy If (3) is selected. Cable Stress Burn-In This program runs the scan arm several ways to stress the cables. No speed tolerances are given or have been set. E (3/98) Motor Diagnostics 1. 3. F6 5-12 Select Language Tools Diskette . from this menu is a test that is used in the LUNAR Quality Control Department to verify that the X-ray beam intensity is proportional to the X-ray Insert current. 2. Distance Accuracy If (2) is selected. F5 Print Manager Please see Chapter 17 of the Version 3. 2. 4. the transverse or longitudinal speed is calculated and displayed on the screen. 4. the source and detector will be moved either 100 mm transversely or longitudinally. the Front Panel Position Switches may be tested.4 Operator's Manual. 3. 5. 6. F3 X-Ray Diagnostics The (F3) option allows the following devices to be tested by cycling them on and off: 1.

Certain entries.bin file. Entry # on Right Problem 15 Transverse Optical Interrupt 23 Longitudinal Optical Interrupt 27 28V Power Supply or Relay 29 Emergency Stop Button 30 Serial Time Out 66 Ramping Failure 71 Success Ramp (only after 66's) 78 Faulty Negative Power Supply 80 Faulty Positive Power Supply 89 Emergency Stop Button with Laser On 232 No Communication with SBC 255 Serial Time Out Although error codes 78 and 80 usually mean the above. E (3/98) Error Log When the DPX-IQ system hardware or software senses an error.LUNAR® 5. 5-13 . Here is a list of common codes: NOTE: NOTE: Error Log If the computer is rebooted after an error has occurred. the error is not usually saved to the error log.2 DPX-IQ Service Manual Rev. it makes an entry into the errlog. are fairly common and can be useful in trouble-shooting. Each entry refers to a line or lines of code in the program that was running at the time and is therefore generally unreadable. they can mean that either power supply is bad or that they both are. however.

This option is more useful for investigating a problem that has occurred over several days.EXE in the C:\LUNAR directory. Then the options for using ERRDUMP are: 1. This program is the only way to display the information in the ERROR LOG. 2. This will send the information to the printer for a hard copy which then may be faxed to LUNAR for analysis. exit the DPX-IQ system software to the C:\LUNAR> prompt. Type either above command followed by >PRN. 5-14 Error Log . Type ERRDUMP [Enter] This will display on the screen only information for the last time the software was run. To use this program. This is most useful to run immediately after an error has occurred. E (3/98) The program used to access the error log is ERRDUMP. 3.LUNAR® DPX-IQ Service Manual Rev.BIN. Type ERRDUMP -l -n [Enter] This will display all information in the ERRLOG.