1. Which organism is most likely to use anaerobic respiration?

A
bird
B
moss
C
tree
yeast
2. What process produces many variations in phenotypes?
A
independent
assortment
B
reproduction
C
regeneration
D

D

asexual
cloning

3. What advantage do sexually reproducing organisms have over asexually
reproducing organisms?
A
genetic variation
B
genetic
stability
C
increased fertilization rate
D
increased reproductive rate
4. Which is a use of genetically engineered bacteria?
A
identifying the remains of an unknown person
B
developing
a DNA fingerprint for blood left at a crime scene
C
making
human insulin for diabetics
D
producing corn that is resistant to
herbicides
5. Sandworms are annelid worms that live on the seafloor. They absorb oxygen
and excrete wastes through their skin. Which characteristic will best help the
worm carry out these functions?
A
large number of hearts
B
large diameter blood vessels
C
large mouth compared to body volume
D
large surface
area compared to body volume
6. Which is the most likely function of a group of cells that contains a high
number of chloroplasts?
A
respiration
B
transpiration
C
fermentation
D
photosynthesis
7. A sugar, a phosphate group, and a nitrogen base form the building blocks of
which organic compound?
A
carbohydrates
B
lipids
C
nucleic acids
D
proteins
8. Which kingdoms have photosynthetic organisms?
plants
B
fungi and protists
C
D
plants and animal

A
fungi and
protists and plants

9. Sexual reproduction provides for what to occur?
A
B
budding
C
genetic
stability
genetic variation

cloning
D

10.Which would most likely favor species survival in changing environmental
conditions?
A
genetic recombination
B
energy
involvement in gamete production
C
length of life cycle
D
number of offspring produced

11.What is the primary cause of variation in the offspring of sexually reproducing
organisms?
A
cytoplasmic division
B
environmental
changes
C
mutation
D
recombination of alleles
12.Which is responsible for most genotypic and phenotypic variation among
humans?
A
meiosis
B
budding
C
mitosis
D
regeneration
13.Which is the best evidence of an evolutionary relationship between two
organisms?
A
similarity in behavior
B
similarity in
DNA
C
similarity in habitat
D
similarity in niche
14.Which situation would result in the greatest increase in the human
population?
A
decreased birth rate and increased death rate
B
increased infant mortality and decreased death rate
C
decreased death rate and increased birth rate
D
increased birth
rate and increased infant mortality
15.In a forest ecosystem, which is an abiotic factor?
of rainfall
B
the size of the deer
D
the number of birds

A
C

the amount
the type of trees

16.In the carbon cycle, atmospheric carbon dioxide is converted into organic
material by which process?
A
cellular respiration
B
decomposition
C
photosynthesis
D
transpiration
17.Why do ecosystems rarely contain more than a few trophic levels?
A
Energy transfer efficiency is high.
B
Energy transfer efficiency is
low.
C
Energy amounts remain constant.
D
Energy
cannot flow through levels.
18.Recent climate data suggests a global warming trend. The most likely cause
could be an increase in which gas?
A
oxygen
B
carbon dioxide
C
nitrogen
D
hydrogen sulfide
19.How are regeneration and budding similar?
F. They are both a result of mitosis .G. They are both a result of meiosis. H.
They are both a result of apoptosis. I. They are both a result of crossing-over.
20.Which of the following describes the water in an estuary? F. salt water only G.
salt water in warmer months and fresh water in cooler months H. fresh water
only I. a mixture of fresh water and salt water