Foundation Mathematics

5 January 2016
Marking Scheme
This marking scheme has been prepared as a guide only to markers. This is not a set of
model answers, or the exclusive answers to the questions, and there will frequently be
alternative responses which will provide a valid answer. Markers are advised that, unless a
question specifies that an answer be provided in a particular form, then an answer that is
correct (factually or in practical terms) must be given the available marks.
If there is doubt as to the correctness of an answer, the relevant NCC Education materials
should be the first authority.

Throughout the marking, please credit any valid alternative point.
Where markers award half marks in any part of a question, they should ensure that
the total mark recorded for the question is rounded up to a whole mark.

2 ii) ? 2 − 9? + 18 (? − ?)(? − ?) 1 mark for correct working. 1 mark for correct answer. 2 d) Simplify the following: i) 2 3 + 5? 4? ? + ?? = ??? ?? = ??? 2 1 mark for correct working. 1 mark for correct answer.Answer ALL questions Marks Question 1 a) Simplify the following: i) ?3 × ?7 ÷ ?6 ?? 1 ii) ?2 ? × ? 4 × ? ?? ?? 1 iii) (?5 ?−2 )4 ??? ?−? 1 b) Simplify the following: i) ?(? − 3?) + ?(2? + ?) ??? − ??? + ??? 1 ii) 12?? 2 1 × ? 2? ?? 1 iii) 16?3 ?5 ? 4?3 ??? ?? ? c) 1 Factorise the following: i) 20?? + 30? 3 ? ????(? + ??? ) 1 mark for correct working. Page 2 of 14 Foundation Mathematics © NCC Education Limited 2015 . 1 mark for correct answer.

? = −? or ? = ? 1 mark for correct working. 1 mark for correct answer. 2 g) Solve the following quadratic equation by factorising: ? 2 − ? − 12 = 0 (? + ?)(? − ?) = ? So.ii) Marks 2 4? 3? 2 ÷ 5 7 ?? ? = × ? ? ?? ?? = ??? 1 mark for correct working. Solve the following equation and find the value of ?: 3? + 2 = 17 2 ? = ?? 1 mark for correct working. e) Transpose the following formula to make ? the subject: 2? = 3(? + 4?) ?? ?= − ?? ? 2 1 mark for correct working. 1 mark for correct answer 2 f) Total 20 Marks Page 3 of 14 Foundation Mathematics © NCC Education Limited 2015 . 1 mark for correct answer. 1 mark for correct answer.

Since £1=100p: ?? = ??? − ?? ?? = ?? ?? ?= ? ? = ?? 3 Up to 2 marks for workings. 1 mark for correct gradient. I receive 40p change from £1.Marks Question 2 a) Solve the following quadratic equation by using the quadratic formula: 3? 2 − 7? + 1 = 0 You may leave your answer in surd form. How much does ONE (1) apple cost? Let ? be the cost of one apple. d) Calculate the gradient of the following curves using differentiation at the point where ? = 2: i) ? = 2? 3 + 4? Differentiating gives: 3 ⅆ? = ??? + ? ⅆ? When ? = ?: ⅆ? = ?(?)? + ? ⅆ? = ?? So when ? = ? the gradient is ?? Up to 2 marks for differentiation of curve. ? = ? 2 1 mark for correct working. ii) 2? + 6? = 24 and ? + 2? = 10 ? = ?. c) I go to a shop and buy 3 apples. 1 mark for correct answer. ? = ? 2 1 mark for correct working. 1 mark for correct answer. ? ± √?? ?= ? 1 mark for correct working. i) ? + 4? = 21 and 5? − 4? = 9 ? = ?. 1 mark for correct answer. 1 mark for correct answer. Page 4 of 14 Foundation Mathematics © NCC Education Limited 2015 . 2 b) Solve the following simultaneous equations and find the value of ? and ?.

If answer incorrect only because of error in part (e)(i) award full marks. e) A particle moves ? metres in ? seconds so that ? = 2? 3 − 8? + 4. 1 mark for correct gradient. after 3 seconds. i) Find the velocity. ⅆ? ?= = ??? ⅆ? 1 mark for correct working. ⅆ? ?= = ??? − ? ⅆ? When ? = ?: ? = ?(?)? − ? = ?? So. after ? seconds. after 3 seconds the velocity is 46m/s 3 Up to 2 marks for workings. 1 mark for correct answer.ii) Marks 3 ? = 0.25? 4 − 3? Differentiating gives: ⅆ? = ?? − ? ⅆ? When ? = ?: ⅆ? = ?? − ? ⅆ? =? So when ? = ? the gradient is ? Up to 2 marks for differentiation of curve. ii) Find the acceleration. ?. 1 mark for correct answer. 2 Total 20 Marks Page 5 of 14 Foundation Mathematics © NCC Education Limited 2015 . ?.

? ? ? ) Up to 2 marks for differentiating the curve.e. the second derivative test. Page 6 of 14 Foundation Mathematics © NCC Education Limited 2015 . 1 mark for working and 1 mark for correct coordinates. Candidates may use an alternative method. 2 Possible working: The gradient just before the turning point is positive since when ? = 0. for which full marks should be awarded if workings clear and answer correct. 1 mark for correct answer. 1 mark for correct working. b) Integrate the following expression: 4? 6 + 3 ??? ∫ (??? + ?) ⅆ? = + ?? + ? ? where ? is a constant. the gradient is negative.Marks Question 3 a) i) Using differentiation. 2 1 mark for correct working. the turning point is at ( ?. Differentiating gives: ⅆ? = −??? + ? ⅆ? ⅆ? Turning points are located where ⅆ? = −??? + ? = ? ⅆ? ⅆ? 4 = ? when ? = ?/? ? When ? = ?. ii) Identify the turning point found in part (a)(i) as either a maximum or minimum turning point. The gradient just after the turning point is negative since when ? = 1 ⅆ? = −? ⅆ? i. ? ? ) is a maximum turning point since the gradient is positive just before and negative just after. the gradient is positive. ? ? The turning point at ( ?. ⅆ? =? ⅆ? i. e. 1 mark for correct classification of turning point.g. find the coordinates of the turning point on the curve ? = −7? 2 + 7? + 3. ? = ? ? ? ? So.e.

d) Evaluate the following definite integrals. 3) is given by ? 3 + 2?. i) 3 3 ∫ (5? 4 − 8?) ⅆ? 2 ? (??? ∫ ? ? ??? ??? − ??) ⅆ? = [ − ] ? ? ? ? = [?? − ??? ]? = {(?)? − ? (?)? } − {(?)? − ?(?)? } = ??? Up to 2 marks for workings. ⅆ? The gradient is given by ?? + ?? hence ⅆ? = ?? + ?? Integrate to obtain: ? = ∫ (?? + ?? ) ⅆ? ?? = + ?? + ? ? The curve passes through the point (2. ? = −? Therefore the equation of the curve is ? = ?? ? Marks 3 + ?? − ? Up to 2 marks for workings.c) The gradient of the curve which passes through the point (2. 1 mark for correct answer. Find the equation of the curve. so when ? = ?. ? = ? Substitute these values back into the integrated equation to obtain: ?? ?= + (?)? + ? ? =?+? So. 3). 1 mark for correct answer. (???? Page 7 of 14 Foundation Mathematics © NCC Education Limited 2015 . 1 mark for correct answer. ii) 2 3 ∫ (12? 2 + 10?) ⅆ? 1 ? ? ???? ???? ∫ + ???) ⅆ? = [ + ] ? ? ? ? = [??? + ??? ]?? = {?(?)? + ? (?)? } − {?(?)? + ?(?)? } = ?? Up to 2 marks for workings.

e) Marks 3 Find the area bounded by the curve ? = 15? 2 − 5. the ?-axis and the lines ? = 1 and ? = 2. ? ? = ∫ (???? − ?) ⅆ? ? ? ???? =[ − ??] ? ? = [??? − ?? ]?? = {?(?)? − ?(?)} − {?(?)? − ?(?)} = ?? − ? = ?? ????? Up to 2 marks for workings. 1 mark for correct answer. Total 20 Marks Page 8 of 14 Foundation Mathematics © NCC Education Limited 2015 .

the velocity is: ? = ?(?)? − ??(?) + ?? = ??? − ?? + ?? = ??? ?/? Up to 2 marks for workings. The initial velocity is the velocity at ? = ?. 1 mark for correct answer. we need to determine the constant of integration. Page 9 of 14 Foundation Mathematics © NCC Education Limited 2015 . ii) Find the distance travelled by the body at the end of 4 seconds.e. i. ? = ?? The equation for velocity is therefore: ? = ??? − ??? + ?? After 5 seconds. ? = ??. i) Find the velocity at the end of 5 seconds if the initial velocity is 15 m/s ⅆ? The equation for acceleration is ? = ⅆ? 3 We can integrate this to obtain an expression for the velocity: ? = ∫ ? ⅆ? + ? Substituting in ? = (??? − ??) we obtain: ? = ∫ (??? − ??) ⅆ? + ? = ??? − ??? + ? To calculate the velocity. ? ? = ∫ (??? − ??? + ??) ⅆ? ? ? ? ? ? = [ ? − ?? + ???] ? ? ? ? ? = { (?) − ?(?) + ??(?)} − {?} ? = ???? Up to 2 marks for workings. Substitute these values into the expression for ? to give: ?? = ? + ? So. ? Distance is given by the equation ? = ∫? ? ⅆ? 3 Integrate the equation for ? using the limits of 0 and 4.Marks Question 4 a) The acceleration of a moving body at the end of ? seconds from the commencement of motion is (9? 2 − 10) m/s2. Assume ? = ? when ? = ? therefore ? = ?. at ? = ?. So when ? = ?. 1 mark for correct answer.

?? = ?. c) How many ways can we arrange 5 letters from the word ‘cupboard’ if repetitions are not allowed and different orders of the same letter count as the same arrangement? ?! ?! ? ?? = = = ?? (? − ?)! ?! ?! ?! 2 1 mark for clear calculations. ?? 1 mark for correct working.8 × 0.1 = 0.9 = 0. bus 1 and bus 2.72 1 mark for correct workings for each branch. Candidates may use different notation. ?) = ? − ?. 1 mark for correct answer. ?? = ?.2. T) 0.02 (L.18 (T. ?) = ?.Marks b) Richard travels to college on two buses.2 × 0.1. Draw a tree diagram writing L for late and T for on time. L) 0.1 L 0. The probability that bus 2 will be late is 0.1 T 0.1 = 0.9 T L 0.2 0. ?) + ?(?.08 0. L) 0. Total 20 Marks Page 10 of 14 Foundation Mathematics © NCC Education Limited 2015 . The probability that bus 1 will be late is 0.8 × 0. ?? 2 2 1 mark for correct working. 1 mark for each correct outcome probability ii) Use your tree diagram to find out the probability that one of the buses will be late ?(??? ??? ????) = ?(?. i) Draw a probability tree diagram to show all the possible outcomes. The buses can either be late or on time.8 0.2 × 0. ?? + ?. Bus 1 Bus 2 Outcome L 8 Probability (L. iii) Use your tree diagram to find out the probability that at least one of the buses are on time ?(?? ????? ??? ??? ?? ????) = ? − ?(?.9 = 0. 1 mark for correct answer. 1 mark for correct answer. T) 0.9 T (T.

4 2 marks for histogram with amount of sunlight (in hours) on horizontal axis and frequency on vertical axis.Marks Question 5 a) The amount of sunlight (in hours) in an Alaskan town is recorded daily for a period of 100 days. Hours of sunlight Frequency i) 0<4 19 4<8 28 8 < 12 23 12 < 16 18 16 < 20 12 Select the TWO (2) words from the following list that best describe this data. Page 11 of 14 Foundation Mathematics © NCC Education Limited 2015 . 2 marks for accurate plotting of bars. 2  Continuous  Qualitative  Discrete  Quantitative Quantitative (1 mark) Continuous (1 mark) ii) Construct a histogram to summarise this data. Use the graph paper provided.

) ??ⅆ? = ? + 1 mark for correct workings.p.Marks 4 iii) Calculate the mean. ?? ̅= ? Up to 3 marks for workings. ?. 1 mark for correct answer. Amount of sunlight in hours (?) Midpoint Frequency (?) ?? 0<4 4<8 8<12 12<16 16<20 Totals 2 6 10 14 18 19 28 23 18 12 ?? = ??? 38 168 230 252 216 ??? = ??? ??? ∑? ??? = ??? = ?. 1 v) 2 Calculate the mode. Page 12 of 14 Foundation Mathematics © NCC Education Limited 2015 . ) ? ? So the mode is ? ? or ?. ??? (to 3 d. Using the formula for the mode we obtain: (?? − ??) × ? (??? − ??) − ?? (?? − ??) × ? =?+ (?(??) − ??) − ?? ?? =?+ ?? ? = ? ?? ?. ??? (?? ? ⅆ. iv) Which class interval will the modal value lie within? Within the 4 < 8 class interval. 1 mark for correct answer.

c) Calculate the range of the following set of data: 200 250 224 268 Range = 275 – 200 = 75 1 275 d) The variance of a set of data is found to be 6. Calculate the relative frequency of supermarkets A and B and the angle of these sectors on the pie chart. Supermarket B relative frequency: ?? = ?.Marks b) A researcher asks 60 people what their preferred supermarket is. 4 Supermarket A angle of sector: ? × ???° = ??° ?? 1 mark for correct value. Calculate the standard deviation. Supermarket B angle of sector: ?? × ???° = ??° ?? 1 mark for correct value. ????ⅆ??ⅆ ⅆ???????? = √???????? = √?. ?? = ??% ?? 1 mark for correct value. Preferred supermarket of 60 people Supermarket A B C D E Frequency 6 15 10 20 9 i) Is this data primary or secondary data? Primary 1 ii) The researcher decides to present the data as a pie chart. The results are shown in the table below. ?? = ?. Supermarket A relative frequency: ? = ?.25. ? = ??% ?? 1 mark for correct value. ? 1 Total 20 Marks End of paper Page 13 of 14 Foundation Mathematics © NCC Education Limited 2015 .

5 5. 6 Marker can differentiate between varying levels of achievement Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Page 14 of 14 Foundation Mathematics © NCC Education Limited 2015 . 3.Learning Outcomes matrix Question Learning Outcomes assessed 1 2 3 4 5 1. 7 2. 4 4. 2 2.