Constitutional Law & Federal Courts

:
The Start & Heart of America

Presentation by:
Haig Panossian, Esq.

March 17, 2016

Inherent rights for all Americans .Seven Articles. The Constitution is organized into three parts: . the first 10 are called the Bill of Rights.Checks & Balances by Separation of powers . establishes how the Government is structured and how the Constitution can be changed.Amendments.CONSTITUTION OF THE UNITED STATES Constitution is the supreme law of the land .no law may be passed that contradicts its principles. The Founding Fathers established three main principles on which our Federal Government is based: . . describes the purpose of the document and Government.Self-government.Preamble. . or Government by the people . lists changes to the Constitution.

each with its own powers and duties. Judicial Branch to interpret the laws. Checks and Balances .Separation of Powers .Each branch checks the powers of the other two branches Legislative Branch to make the laws.three branches of government. . Executive Branch to enforce the laws.

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it is usually deciding arguments about the meaning of laws.The U. how they are applied. and whether they violate the Constitution. The ability to decide if a law violates the Constitution is called judicial review. Its main task is to decide cases that may differ from the U. When the Supreme Court rules over a case. Once the Supreme Court makes a decision in a case. Constitution. it can only be changed by a later Supreme Court decision or by changing or amending the Constitution. It is this process that the judiciary uses to provide checks and balances on the legislative and executive branches. Supreme Court is the highest court in the United States. .S.S.

Executive branch is headed by a democratically elected President limited to only two 4-year terms Congress even wanted to replace the judges who made the decision. This decision was unpopular with large segments of society at that time. unconstitutional.they’re nominated by decision in Brown v.Supreme Court Justices & Judicial Independence Supreme Court is made up of These constitutional protections allow judges to make only 9 judges called justices unpopular decisions without fear of losing their jobs or having their pay cut. . Board of Education in 1954 the President & confirmed by declared racial segregation in the public schools to be the Senate . For example. Some members of Different than other branches: .Legislative branch is made up of 535 democratically elected members of Congress . the Supreme Court’s who aren’t democratically elected .and serve for life. but the Constitution wouldn’t let them.

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it's background. . Hodges Explained Obergefell v. A run through of the major arguments in the Supreme Court case Obergefell v. and why same-sex marriage is now legal. Hodges which legalizes gay marriage in all 50 states. Hodges.Obergefell v.