HCI 2009 JC2 GP Preliminary Examination Comprehension Answer Scheme

Passage 1
1. What three different reasons does the writer give in the last three sentences of Paragraph 1
to support his case that children need to be given legal rights? Use your own words as far as

unconscionable Legal rights for children will help eliminate/end
grossly unacceptable / heartless, unfair treatment
by adults
particularly vulnerable group
Children are most specifically easily hurt /harmed
abuse can be effectively deterred.
Only legal rights can successfully prevent further
mistreatment of children
(All three reasons given and paraphrased - 2m
Only two reasons are paraphrased well – 1 m
Only one reason is paraphrased well – no marks)

2. ‘In building this mythic walled garden around childhood’ (line 19). Comment on the
appropriateness of the image in italics. Use your own words as far as possible.
Answer to be inferred

A ‘walled garden’ conjures the image of a mini
paradise that is hidden and protected from
human trampling/destruction. (1 m)
It is an apt/suitable image of childhood which is
similarly seen as a vulnerable /innocent period
that needs to be shielded from the problems of
the adult world. (1 m)

3. In paragraph 5, the writer gives four objections that different groups have made to the idea of
giving children legal rights. Explain the possible reasoning behind any two of these objections
using your own words as far as possible.
Religious groups condemn the notion as Religious organizations might consider the idea
blasphemous/wrong as it goes against received
doctrines/dogmas/prescriptions where children
are depicted as completely subject to parental
authority/told to never to defy/disobey their
parents (instead of challenging them).
employers complain that it would be Employers fear the possibility of having to bear
with higher costs of operations / hiring only adults
economically injurious
(and hence losing profit) if children are forbidden
by law from working for lower wages
parents perceive the proposal as downright Parents are concerned that their authority over
their children will be diminished/ they could be
‘bullied’/harassed/harangued by their children
who might hold the threat of legal prosecution


Write your summary in no more than 130 words. people romanticise/paint an idyllic adult-child relationship. 5 adults already instinctively and Because parents naturally/automatically spontaneously provide the love and care children need.HCI 2009 JC2 GP Preliminary Examination Comprehension Answer Scheme Lift Paraphrase over them/they will not be able to discipline their children and their authority will be challenged. (any two explanations to be awarded 1 mark each) see the whole rights as just a they would be hard to properly Summary: 4. not counting the opening words provided below. human rights proponents cynically observe Advocates of human rights that it would be merely a cosmetic proposal to accord children’s superficial/token gesture as exercise. adults). responsibilities of parenthood. 3 so there should be no necessity to think Hence legal rights only in terms of statutory rights – a concept required for older persons. [8] Some people argue that it is not necessary to give children rights because…. Lift Paraphrase Why some people believe that it is not necessary to give children legal rights 1 who view childhood through rose-tinted Childhood is viewed (naively) as an idyllic/ spectacles. 6 apply/are only rights are unnecessary. Why the writer disagrees with them such claims idealise and distort the However. Why do some people believe that it is not necessary to give children legal rights and why does the writer disagree with them? Use material from paragraphs 2-4 only. ill-reflecting picture of and the lives of many of today's young misrepresent/ have a 2 . their young. virtually impossible would be enforce. seeing it as a golden age trouble-free/carefree/blissful period synonymous with joyful innocence during which we … enjoy uninhibited freedom and experience unlimited play 2 spared the rigours of adult life…we are unburdened by the released from the responsibilities and duties/problems/challenges of adults (accept adversities of adult life in childhood. so that the case for protect/nurture/show affection for children's rights becomes superfluous. which we assume is reserved for adults 4 would subvert the inherent According children rights would undermine fundamental/intrinsic/basic parental duties. Use your own words as far as possible.

HCI 2009 JC2 GP Preliminary Examination Comprehension Answer Scheme Lift people. means to the ends of others. independence/autonomy and never sovereigns of their own instead of subservience. so that their welfare can be duly protected.e. dominance) and believe that adults have total authority over child ‘dependence’ (i. youth today develop/mature much more rapidly/quickly Becoming worldly-wise /acquiring experience/knowledge/lifeskills. subservience) their submissive charges (a master/servant relationship) 8 is a false stereotype that serves to validates/sanctions/condones legitimise social attitudes that tolerate (to manage/control the use of force in ‘disciplining corporal punishment children) children for their own good’ 9 afford because those who lack rights are like Rights slaves. selves 10 children are financially Even if one concedes that children are in As some way different from adults because vulnerable/financially reliant/unable to earn a livelihood. children In affluent nations. they are economically dependent. deserve – indeed require – to be accorded rights. children today grow up at meteoric speed. Paraphrase false/misguided/misinformed perception of the reality children experience. 7 unquestioning acceptance of the To blindly/unthinkingly traditional family roles of adult ‘custodianship’ (i. to empower them as autonomous Rights give children the authority/ability agents of their own lives… to decide how they want to live/be independent decision-makers/control their lives 12 13 14 In the developed world in particular. …they are becoming streetwise much earlier. many teenagers today reach Both intellectually… levels of cognitive 16 and moral maturity And ethically/in values/standards terms of more their 3 . 11 it can be argued that it is precisely it is even more important to safeguard their because of this difference that they well-being.e. 15 Indeed.

HCI 2009 JC2 GP Preliminary Examination Comprehension Answer Scheme Lift 17 that give them the capacity to be less reliant 18 and more self-disciplined than some adults. people romanticise and misrepresent the reality children experience. And more self-controlled/ have stronger willpower than their elders parity and mutual respect/an egalitarian relationship between parent and child. the other subject to decay/deterioration). though the first answer is the stronger. In affluent nations. so that a more equitable and democratic parentchild relationship can rightfully be attained. Rights establish egalitarian relationships between children and parents. Use your own words as far as possible. Explain the distinction between the two words in italics. (2) Lift Reasoned Reasonable Paraphrase ‘reasoned’ means that decisions have been made on the basis of sound. rights are unnecessary. OR Comment on the parallelism/parallel structure/parallel construction employing the same syntax and verbal patterns in both phrases (1 mark for either of the above points. Rights give children the authority to control their lives. Rights make children independent instead of subservient. (120 words) Passage 2 5. According children rights would undermine fundamental parental duties. ‘…make reasoned and reasonable decisions’ (line 13). that of a piece of cloth which is being damaged in some way (one being torn/ripped. To blindly believe that adults have total authority over their submissive charges condones corporal punishment. making them less dependent and more self-controlled. Because parents naturally nurture their young. more appropriate one. hence legal rights only apply to older persons. Paraphrase Making them less dependent 19 Rights create/establish …ensures that the parental power to dictate yields to the child's right to make his own decisions. As children are financially vulnerable. rational. Sample Answer: Some people argue that it is not necessary to give children rights because… …childhood is viewed as an idyllic period unburdened by adult duties.) 6. becoming more worldly-wise both intellectually and ethically. it is even more important to safeguard their well-being. logical thinking/judgement (1) ‘reasonable’ refers to the consideration of what is sensible/equitable/just/fair-minded (1) 4 . What do the two metaphors in the last sentence of Paragraph 1 have in common? [1] Lift Paraphrase ‘rend our social fabric’ The two metaphors employ the same image – ‘rot the moral fibre’ of our youth. young people mature more rapidly. However.

What is the tone of the writer here and why does he adopt it? (1) Lift Paraphrase The writer is being facetious/sarcastic/ironic. then there will be conflict instead of peace within a family. teachers and the government. In Paragraph 2. young people should be automatically expected to obey authority figures like parents. (1/2 m) 9. which is a unique/special social unit. What reasons does the writer give in Paragraph 5 to support his claim that giving children legal rights would do more harm than good? Use your own words as far as possible. not externally imposed justice.HCI 2009 JC2 GP Preliminary Examination Comprehension Answer Scheme 7. should prevail in a harmonious home… erode the natural affections and attitudes I mark each for each point. expressing mock horror / feigned shock/ incredulity (allow either) (1/2 m) to signal her dismay/how appalled she is by the fact that things have come to such a pass/we have lost our moral bearings and the world has gone mad! Obviously and unquestionably. [2] Lift undermine what constitutes the family as the distinctive form of human association it is Paraphrase More harm will be inflicted as asserting children’s rights will only subvert the foundation of the family unit. If there is emphasis on legally enforced rights instead of feelings of affection and care. not the opposite. In addition. 5 . what is needed is a reliance on the benevolent dispositions that the individuals bound together have – instinctively and spontaneously – towards one another…Love. This will strain/gradually wear away/deteriorate the feelings of love/compassion that family members ought to have. why does the writer think that children would be unable to exercise their rights in a responsible manner? [2] Lift the egocentric world of the average child where impulsive self-gratification and petulant attention seeking often eclipse all other considerations Paraphrase This is because the typical child is selfish/ only concerned about his own needs /interests (1/2 m) which the child rashly wants to indulge in / fulfil (1/2 m). the bad-tempered / spoilt behavior (1/2 m) of most children often blind them to other issues/concerns/ people’s situations/feelings (1/2 m) 8. ‘Heaven forbid that young people should do what they are told!’ (lines 42-43).

abundant tame. line 41) Loutish (Passage 2. soft-spoken. line 5) Preposterous (Passage 2. ludicrous. line 6) Docile (Passage 1. unbelievable 0 mark plentiful. line 8) Clamour (Passage 2. submissive uncouth and aggressive. prevalent compliant. widespread. ridiculous.HCI 2009 JC2 GP Preliminary Examination Comprehension Answer Scheme 10. obedient. line 34) 1 mark rampant. outrageous Insistent/vehement and loud/noisy demand/outcry/protest ½ mark frequently occurring Incredible. meek impolite rude request 6 . gentle. boorish absurd. ill-mannered. thuggish. Vocabulary Word Rife (Passage 1. rough and vulgar.

Students may agree with Freeman that children’s rights should be legalised on account of the exploitation and abuse they suffer (in both developing and developed nations). on the other hand. 7 . if they do not wish to end up trapped in a maelstrom of misguided evaluation. who paints an exaggerated and extreme picture of children as miscreants who do not have the capacity for mature thought. With which writer’s views are you most in sympathy and why? Discuss the relevance of this debate to your own society. However. both writers need to acknowledge the validity of the other position. She submitted her Second and Third Periodic Report in January 2009. and NOT whether children do/don’t have rights. Archard. Archard reinforces his extreme position with many scaremongering tactics and use of emotive language appealing to readers’ emotions (primarily the fear of a world ravaged by hordes of ill-behaved children descending on adult serenity and tranquility). as well as a way to recognise the agency and autonomy of more mature children. with more children willing to challenge parental authority and demanding that their needs and concerns be addressed. contemplates the possibility of such rights being abused by children in developed. (8) Overview: Students should understand that the debate is about whether children’s rights should be legalised/codified. Relevance to Singapore: • Singapore acceded to the United Nations Convention on the Rights of the Child in 1995. they may agree with him that the idea of codifying children’s rights goes against commonsense because they could condone children’s bad behaviour. It is all about how we can best care for our children. he does present his points in more measured tones than Archard. but both are extreme in their own ways: not all children suffer exploitation and abuse. Refer to relevant material from both passages as well as your own opinions and experiences to justify your points. No one writer is entirely wrong. Consequently. affluent societies and how the utilitarianism of codifying rights can actually be counterproductive to family bonds. Both writers approach the issue from polar opposites – Freeman looks to codifying rights as the primary means to protect vulnerable children (mostly in the LDCs) from abuse. Ultimately.HCI 2009 JC2 GP Preliminary Examination Comprehension Answer Scheme 11. and not all children abuse their rights. students should recognise that a moderate approach is best. While it is more difficult for students to sympathise with Freeman in light of the fact that the situation he depicts is not the reality for most children in Singapore. She submitted her Initial Report on the implementation of the CRC to the Committee on the Rights of the Child in November 2002. as well as his assessment that modern society should revise their traditional ideas about children as completely helpless minors “to be seen and not heard”. and approve of his family-centric strategy in managing children’s behaviour. students can also agree that Archard’s portrayal of the situation of children is more reflective of what is happening in Singapore.

the fast food industry’s child marketing tactics? Freeman fails to recognise that preventive measures can just as effectively deter future abuse. in 2000. early intervention. “government policies relating to children are based on the key principles of child-centricity. there were 3. Disagree: Use of ‘only’ is absolute.HCI 2009 JC2 GP Preliminary Examination Comprehension Answer Scheme • There is low awareness of this debate in Singapore society. Thus.8 million reports of abuse and neglect were reported to child welfare agencies nationwide. Ideas from Freeman: Text Evaluation it is only through prosecution and Agree: punishment that future abuse can Reasonable argument: if laws in society cannot act as effective deterrents. • According to the Second and Third Periodic Report. but because ours is a society which loves and values children. Relevance to Singapore: For example. approximately 2. perhaps primarily because instances of child abuse and exploitation are few. why do we continue to have them? be effectively deterred. MOS Chan Soo Sen claimed that Singapore’s significant progress to further the well-being of our children was made “not because of any international laws. in addressing the 34th Session of the Committee on the CRC. More than 900. community and individuals in realising the needs of children”. specialised help for vulnerable groups and a shared sense of responsibility amongst Government. it can be argued that Singapore takes a moderate and balanced approach towards protecting children and recognising the primary role of parents in securing their children’s welfare. more so after we acceded to the Convention.000 8 . According to US advocacy group Children’s Rights. in Singapore. ill.” …such claims idealise and distort Agree: the adult-child relationship.3 million reports of child abuse and neglect in the United States involving 6 million children. Are legal rights really the only way to deter abuse? What about areas of abuse where legal rights cannot reach.According to information provided on the PBS documentary series ‘Frontline’ website in an reflecting the lives of many of episode detailing child abuse in foster care. today's young people. and our laws (primarily the Children and Young Persons Act) are robust in protecting children. integration. eg. and we should not seek first recourse through law.

Disagree: Relevance to Singapore: The lives of the majority of Singaporean children are arguably care-free and “harrowing incidences of poverty. showing that child abuse cases in Singapore remain relatively low. disease and abuse” are absent. This is arguably a form of “abuse” which legally prescribed rights may be able to address. New Zealand’s 2007 anti-smacking law was promulgated to curb its “high rate of child abuse” (AP). Cases of emotional abuse also showed an increase from 1 in 2000 to 11 in 2004. Relevance to Singapore: Even though cases of child abuse in Singapore are few. there is still cause of concern because of the increasing trend of child-related violence. According to a 2003 UNICEF report. The national rate of child fatalities rose steadily from 1999 to 2006. 9 . from 1.HCI 2009 JC2 GP Preliminary Examination Comprehension Answer Scheme Text Evaluation children were confirmed victims of abuse or neglect. with Pakistan as a hotspot destination. making up 29% of the total number of cases. The same MCYS report notes that sexual abuse figures have increased gradually over the years.04/100. It is common to read in The Straits Times that Singaporean children suffer from stress due to their parents’ unreasonable expectations. unquestioning acceptance of the Agree: traditional family roles of adult We acknowledge the Judeo-Christian and Confucianist beliefs that children must obey their ‘custodianship’ (and child parents. almost 500 children were abducted from Britain and taken abroad. Relevance to Singapore: According to the October 2005 MCYS Report “Protecting Children in Singapore”. accounting for 5% of the total number of cases.000 to 2. she has the fifth-highest rate of child deaths among the OECD countries. The Guardian (10 Aug) reports that in 2008.000. Children only have to worry about excelling in their studies and fulfilling (sometimes unrealistic) parental expectations. averaging about 79 cases yearly. actual cases of child abuse (with evidence of abuse/neglect) increased from 61 in 2000 to 90 in 2004.62/100.

e. it is precisely because of this Agree: difference that [children] deserve – If the focus in on protecting children who are exploited and abused. …is a false stereotype that serves to Agree: legitimise social attitudes that New Zealand’s ‘anti-smacking’ law suggests that she. we have embraced the progressive idea of discipline with care. We can agree with Archard that codifying children’s rights runs the risk of “undermining the reliance on the benevolent dispositions that family members bound together instinctively and spontaneously towards one another”. too. subservience)… Evaluation Relevance to Singapore: According to the Oct 2005 MCYS Report “Protecting Children in Singapore”. our conservative Asian society has yet to fully recognise children’s freedoms to express themselves. Disagree: Relevance to Singapore: In Singapore schools. their desires and choices etc. 54% of perpetrators in child abuse cases were biological parents. Disagree: Children who do not have to contend with exploitation and abuse are already being protected by their parents’ “natural affections and attitudes”. ‘disciplining children for their own good’. Disagree: Scaremongering: choosing the most extreme example of slaves to make his point. One wonders whether. is aware of the need to protect tolerate the use of force in children from abuse resulting from misguided attempts to discipline. Restorative Practices and counseling are preferred to the rod. so that their welfare can be duly protected. despite economic progress. rights. caning is still on the books for serious offences. (quoting Archard). Relevance to Singapore: In Singapore.HCI 2009 JC2 GP Preliminary Examination Comprehension Answer Scheme Text ‘dependence’ (i. then this argument is indeed require – to be accorded justified. those who lack rights are like Agree: slaves… We cannot deny the historical veracity of infantalising our inferiors such as women and children. 10 . which implies that there is still a need for authority figures to be able to turn to stringent punishments to ensure order and a conducive learning environment.

This discussion was broadcast over the media. feedback forms/surveys. 2004) • A list of legislative provisions ensuring that the views of children and young persons are heard is seen in. to help them to make decisions.HCI 2009 JC2 GP Preliminary Examination Comprehension Answer Scheme Text In the developed world in particular. journal writing lessons.Termination of Pregnancy Act. elected student leadership. the views of children are being increasingly sought for decisions that concern them. [M]any teenagers today reach levels of cognitive and moral maturity… Evaluation Agree: Relevance to Singapore: Since becoming a signatory to the Convention. children today grow up at meteoric speed…becoming streetwise much earlier. dialogue sessions and forums. (MCYS. (eg. to make decisions on their behalf. have the maturity to make many decisions by themselves and would require parents and adults who have their interests at heart. or if they are too young. JC/Upper Sec Review) In school. 11 . the Deputy PM hosted a discussion with a group of youths on matters close to their hearts. there are suggestion schemes. (i) The right to participation in court proceedings – Children and Young Persons Act and Probation of Offenders Act. eg: • [Legal rights] empower [children] as autonomous agents of their own • lives… student feedback taken into account in any major national educational policy reform/review. opportunities to assume leadership roles in and outside the classroom. In 2001. (iv) The right to expression of views in relation to sexual sterilisation – Voluntary Sterilisation Act …that give them the capacity to be Disagree: less reliant and more self-disciplined Freeman fails to recognise that the Convention acknowledges that young children may not than some adults. (ii) The right to participation in custody proceedings – Women’s Charter (iii) The right to expression of views in relation to abortion . Students have been involved in setting some school rules and designing school uniforms. • The annual Pre-University Seminar has been held since 1970.

agree with Archard. we still face practical problems of enforcement. their testimony is given due weight and they do so without fear or intimidation. Freeman confuses arguments against legally prescribing children’s rights with arguments against acknowledging that children have rights. children’s right to have their views taken seriously can be seen in our judicial procedures. (MCYS) Arguments against legally prescribing a specified set of children’s rights [cannot] be ethically sustained…[and]…would be merely a cosmetic exercise. including the authority of parents and other custodians. Evaluation Disagree: Freeman also fails to recognise that the Convention (Article 12) also acknowledges that when children exercise their rights. In adoption and custody disputes. Disagree: Freeman again narrowly claims that protection is possible only under the law. We have to treat them as persons entitled to equal concern and respect… Disagree: Freeman does not address and thus dismisses/disregards the practical concerns of his opponents. and without infringing on the rights of others. insisting instead that ethical concerns take precedence. It may be possible to demonstrate equal concern and respect for children without couching our obligations in legal terms. 12 . For example. the Family Court takes children’s opinions into consideration. we have to acknowledge that to truly protect children is to protect their rights. which may not be true. so that a more equitable and democratic parent-child relationship can rightfully be attained. Freeman is misguided to believe that the parent-child relationship can ever be an equitable one – children are after all dependents and parents their custodians. Freeman could have pointed out that even if we codify children’s rights. they are expected to do so within the confines of the law. Relevance to Singapore: In Singapore. Children’s rights include responsibility . as provided in the Vulnerable Witness Programme. If humanity is to progress.HCI 2009 JC2 GP Preliminary Examination Comprehension Answer Scheme Text …ensures that the parental power to dictate yields to the child's right to make his own decisions. While it is unethical to deny that children have rights and accordingly withhold protection of their interests. When children testify in court. it is perfectly reasonable and acceptable to object to a set of legally prescribed rights.

children need to be protected from abuse and exploitation even if 13 .rend our social fabric. some teachers whose hands are tied feel it is almost impossible for learning to take place as there are no meaningful sanctions to deter hardened trouble-makers. sound and responsible judgments regarding their life goals.. which disregards the reality that growing the vast majority…are unable to up is a developmental process. admissions to the MCYS Juvenile Homes have seen a “downward trend”.HCI 2009 JC2 GP Preliminary Examination Comprehension Answer Scheme Ideas from Archard: Text The view that unfettered personal liberty and statutory rights should take precedence over disciplined social citizenship is preposterous. Relevance to Singapore: The fact that parents have recourse to apply for Beyond Parental Control Orders (BPCOs) under the Children and Young Persons Act is testament to the valid concerns raised by Archard regarding the bad behavjour of young people today. perhaps demonstrating an irrational fear of a state of chaos with no way to control it and the moral degradation that may ensue. criminals are entitled to legal rights and can exercise them. the number of juveniles arrested for Overall Crime showed “continual decreases” between 2004 and 2006. Disagree: Archard exaggerates the situation that would occur if we codify children’s rights in law. Evaluation Agree: In some American schools (eg Philadelphia) where corporal punishment is banned. His assumption that codifying rights in law will automatically lead to their abuse is erroneous. From 2003 to 2007. However. In the same way. Any further emphasis on children’s rights would merely encourage a destructive permissiveness that would …. Regardless of their flawed character. Archard simplistically assumes that all children are of similar mental age. and lack of life experiences… do not equip them with the capacity to make sound judgments. It is specious to say that children are Disagree: no different from adults. Older children – say between 16 to 18 – do have some life form consistent beliefs…immaturity experiences to make mature.[and] rot the moral fibre of our youth. Relevance to Singapore: According to Singapore’s 2nd and 3rd Periodic Report on the implementation of CRC dated January 2009. Children are of course different from adults in some ways..

whereas children can do so as they mature and grow and learn from their experiences. …adults should not have to completely sacrifice their own Disagree: Another scaremongering tactic: Archard draws on extreme situations to question the welfare for that of their children. The phrase is mentioned 7 times in the Convention but never elaborated upon. He compares rights with guns. Agree: Already tense family relations (eg. efficacy of the ‘best interest’ approach. the interests of any relevant adult] may also neglect the interests of others. Governments can raise more revenue.HCI 2009 JC2 GP Preliminary Examination Comprehension Answer Scheme Text [W]ith rights must come responsibility…a notion often alien to… the average child…impulsive self-gratification and petulant attention seeking often eclipse all other considerations. so no one should insist that children be given rights to brandish before their parents. Evaluation they are selfish brats. adults who are seriously mentally impaired are also disqualified in the same way. traumatising the child we are trying to ‘protect’. [N]ations who commit to legally Disagree: adhering to the [Convention] will Archard is again extreme – giving children legal rights need not “most certainly” curtail most certainly need to curtail spending in other crucial areas. Agree: It is reasonable that we have to give due consideration to adult caregivers’ interests. Just as no one would give a mentally ill adult a gun to wield. Disagree: Archard does not really provide evidence of how itemising and codifying children’s rights will traumatise children. and without regard to. If specific children’s rights were meticulously itemised and codified. Archard’s emphasis on critical areas is another attempt at 14 . Taking the best interest approach to the welfare of a child [over and above. Disagree: Archard makes a false analogy: mentally impaired adults can never develop the capacity to make sound judgements. The best interest approach may be a questionable approach to adopt since we cannot strictly define what ‘best interest’ entail. or reallocate funds spending in critical areas…to fund from non-critical areas. He also gives no examples of misguided litigation. an analogy which is unfair and negatively connotes that legal rights are as dangerous as firearms and will automatically be employed antagonistically against parents. Archard disregards this crucial distinction. a maelstrom of misguided litigation…might actually do more harm than good. as a result of divorce proceedings) can potentially become more fractious if we now have to quibble over the minutiae of children’s rights.

there is a more pressing need to morally educate and guide children. although Sweden bans corporal punishment. [externally imposed justice] will only erode the natural affections and Laws cannot realise/improve morals. Note his use of emotive language and contemptuous view of child protection – “expensive luxury”. Instead of the incessant clamour for legal rights. attitudes that render the need for rights unnecessary in the first place. he does not really consider the very real cases of abused and exploited children who need protection. many children are still being beaten. of Evaluation child deliberate scaremongering. given that more children are willing to challenge parental authority and demanding that their needs and concerns be addressed. According to the Children’s Ombudsman (2006). a function best fulfilled by parents. The [Convention] undermines…the Agree: family as the distinctive form of Instead of upholding the ‘anti-smacking law’ to address child abuse in families.HCI 2009 JC2 GP Preliminary Examination Comprehension Answer Scheme Text the expensive luxury protection programmes. Agree: Relevance to Singapore: In Singapore. many in NZ (88%) have advocated revoking the law for fear of wrongful prosecution when discharging human association it is… their parental responsibilities. …laws will not miraculously reform neglectful or abusive parents… 15 . he assumes that every child is a spoilt brat that could use a greater dose of moral suasion or parental guidance. there is a indeed a more pressing need” for greater parental engagement in moral education. and may actually strain natural familial relations. Disagree: Archard sidesteps the issue of why there is a necessity to codify children’s rights.