M. Kalyana Rama Krishna Rao
M.Sc. (Psy)., M.A.(Edu.)., B.Ed., M.A(Eco)., M.A(Tel.).(M.Phil.).
GVR Institute of Education
Sri Y.N. College, Narsapur

Dr. Gandham Sri Rama Krishna
MA(IRPM)., M.B.A.,B.L., D.C.P., Ph.D.
Associate Professor, Dept. of Management Studies
Dr.C.S.Rao P.G. Centre
Sri Y.N. College, Narsapur

Smt. G. Madhuri
M.B.A., PG DCA., HWA.,PG. Dip.IRPM,, P.G.Dip.Fun.Eng.
UGC. NET & APSET Qualified
Asst. Professor, Dept. of Management Studies
Dr.C.S.Rao P.G.Centre
Sri Y.N.College, Narsapur

Excellent quality criteria must be reflected in all the activities of the higher education. Poor students retrain from going to educational institutes for acquiring education even though the State Government is offering free education.ABSTRACT Higher education plays an important role not only in the progress of education but also for the overall development of a society. occupational choices have become wide and certain jobs require specific specialized knowledge. Developing good quality infrastructure is a key ingredient for achieving excellence in any educational institution. Globalization. Hence. notably in cultivating critical and independent thought and the capacity for lifelong learning among students. habits. Higher education is said to be a ‘liberating force’. it is also an instrument for fostering and strengthening socially useful skills. Human Resource.33 percent. the literacy rate in the country was 65. The faculty is apparently the bedrock for the grand structure of the nation. anyone aged 7 years or above. The role of faculty is not only to provide instruction to the students but also to develop their overall personality. In modern societies. education. Computer Savvy. Governance. among those males 75. As per Census 2001 report. is treated as literate. Human resource is a key economic resource and a scarce one. hence those who are completed higher education but they have not computer savvy are treated as illiterate. who can both read and write with understanding in any language. The HRD aims at student’s development to acquire and sharpen their general capabilities. fostering innovation and continuing learning for truth. According to Census 2001. non-teaching staff and students. organization of national and international seminars and conferences. attitudes and creates bonds of common citizenship. Counselling. scholarships and provide facilities like free supply of books to the students. computer savvy and soft skills that are acquired through the higher education. publication of papers in refereed journals. Educational department cover under Ministry of HRD. The Ministry of HRD is divided into two departments: the department of school education and literacy and department of higher education which deals with university education.e. .75 percent were literates. Key Words: Human Resource Development.16 percent. Higher education plays an important role not only in the progress of education but also for the overall development of a society. fees reimbursement. learning/erudition. illiterate definition has been changed. Education is an essential factor in achieving rapid economic development. whereas the percentage of literacy among females were 54. technical education etc. Skill Development. Here human resource is the teaching staff. The rapid development of any nation depends largely on the caliber of its youth. and training. Most of the reputed institutions maintain three-tier system of HRD i. It must aim at producing scholars for every aspect of life creating new knowledge. family development. HRD means a planned way of developing human resources in the existing circumstances. The quality of its citizens depends upon their quality of education. technical progress and in creating a social order founded on the values of freedom. Taking up productive research projects. etc. INTRODUCTION Education is a vital element in the development of personality. Proper interaction between faculty and students is made possible through communication called teaching. the ultimate responsibility of the greatness of the nation naturally falls on the shoulders of the faculty. Presently. and the quality of education takes its roots on the quality of the teaching faculty.. Higher education is perhaps the best channel playing a vital role in the process of learning. Human resource development (HRD) is most important aspect in any institution. social justice and equality of opportunities.

In modern societies. Liberalization. skills. Commercialization and corporatization of Indian higher educational institutions set out the agenda for replacing democratically elected bodies with nominated bodies with the objective of eliminating democratic dissent from the governance structure of higher educational institutions.  Recognizing faculty who maintain quality in evaluation process after assessing the nature and quality of output. competence and attitude to become the drives of growth and prosperity in the society. becoming partners in inter-institutional schemes. since ancient times. Privatization and Globalization (LPG) effected on education system. private universities.  Striving to produce better individuals with right interest. The main aim of library is to provide right information with much ease and in minimum possible time. Today. libraries have become an important organ in academic institutions. The advent of information technology has brought a drastic change in the role of the librarian and supporting staff. Anthony Robbins says "Every problem is a gift .  Arranging periodical intensive training and organizing workshops to motivate the faculty to acquire questioning skills and change their mind-set to modern tools of evaluation and continuous evaluation strategies. moral and intellectual values. computer savvy and soft skills that are acquired from the higher education. "A good teacher teaches A better teacher explains or preaches but The best teacher reaches or inspires his students" Optimum Use of Library Facilities Libraries. LPG led to a mushrooming growth of private education institutions. have played a very vital role in society as they function as a treasure house of human knowledge of the past and provide information support to education and learning process. fostering innovation and continuing learning for truth.  The higher education must aim at producing knowledgeable persons for every aspect of life creating new knowledge. The regulatory bodies for higher education in India are concerned at the unregulated growth of foreign educational institution setting up campuses in India or offering furnishing programmes in partnership with Indian institutions like international educational institutions. pushing forward in the drive towards globalization.  Identifying hidden interest and talents of individuals and help each one of them to develop their full potential. occupational choices have become wide and certain jobs require specific specialized knowledge. deemed universities and cluster universities and offering multiple vocational courses. Educational institutions are at present engaged in enrolling international students.  Helping the students to develop knowledge. attitude.without problems we would not grow" In order to enhance the academic reputation of the higher education institutions they need to focus on the following: Higher Education and International Scenario Internationalization today is high on the agenda of governments and institutions of higher education. Focus on Effective Research .

Educational institutions should be in the forefront in undertaking both fundamental and applied research. quality of research activities. Conducting Counselling College’s/ University’s management should conduct counselling programmes for the students by the respective teachers once in a month after completion of study hours. understanding. are some of the means to measure the level of research achievements of the institutions. It provides e-mail facility also. Excellent Quality Criteria Quality concerns in education are a national priority. Quality dimensions in education include multiple perspectives such as quality of teaching-learning process. IT was limited only to the textual mode of transmission of information with ease and fast.Higher education focuses on leading-edge research with competent researchers. Effects of Information Technology Higher education is perhaps the best channel playing a vital role in the process of learning. e-learning (electronic learning). Third generation mobiles are also part of ICT. Effective Governance Key governance requirements that should be highlighted are: accountability. publication of papers in refereed journals. But the information not only in textual form but in audio. Contributing to society through the pursuits of teaching. Taking up productive research projects. decentralization and process improvement and administration. and e-education etc. opportunities available for development and the threats in the form of social and technological changes. It also helps the students to clarify their doubts in their subjects. World-class institutions are elite research institutions that play a critical role in developing a nation’s competitiveness in the global knowledge economy. quality of academic programmes. self-control ability to study effectively. like online learning. the organizational structure of the educational institution needs to be designed on the principles of transparency and participation. organization of national and international seminars and conferences. the purpose of counselling is to help the students aware of their strengths and weaknesses. quality of faculty. Excellent quality criteria must reflect in all the activities of the higher education. adequate research funding and tie-ups with industry and research labs. Thus. The ICT brings more rich material in the classroom and libraries for the teachers and students. etc.. and quality of infrastructure etc. etc. thereby contributing to nation building. Counselling is about helping students to manage their lives effectively. Every educational institution should pursue and encourage technology transfer through both formal and informal channels utilizing its academia-industry linkages. Proper interaction between faculty and students is made possible through communication called teaching. Counseling seeks to improve student’s mental health and self-confidence. The establishment of an Advanced Research Centre should bring together research faculty and representatives of industry to attend to industry’s needs and problems. learning and research of global standards. notably in cultivating critical and independent thought and the capacity for lifelong learning among students. the Information and Communication Technology (ICT) means IT and other media. To ensure good governance. Thus. It has opened new avenues. Tie-up with academia-industry Focuses on the importance of academia-industry interaction. video or any other media is also to be transmitted to the users. e-coaching. Networking of computers gave birth to information technology. .

Implementation of Choice-based Credit System (CBCS) CBCS will enable students to have a flexible learning within a structured model wider choices outside their discipline of their study. the end-users of the knowledge learning. Enhance. curriculum and quality assurance. The UGC has developed a broad template to facilitate the implementation of CBCS in educational institutions. They help the faculty members to enhance their skills. Skill Development Centre (SDC) Educational institution should impart effective communication skills and more robust leadership development among students as essential features of the academic experience. The CBCS facilitates the students to pursue skills to enhance employability. FDP provide opportunities for professional and career development in every stage of their career. Mahatma Gandhi envisioned that education should help curb social insecurity and social disharmony. supplying skilled human resources. training and development . Play the role of “market-maker” by bringing financing. This is possible when the corporate also perform their responsibilities towards society. Infrastructure facilities such as classrooms. Though current curriculum exposes the learners to practical experience through innovative practices such as industrial visits. Several Indian corporations have developed synergistic initiatives towards higher education and vocational training. particularly in sector where market mechanisms are ineffective or missing. Upgrade skills to international standards through significant industry involvement and develop necessary frameworks for standards. Objective of any educational initiative should be to inspire the students to put worthwhile efforts in any meaningful initiative. In order to reap concrete benefits they must help the universities / colleges to produce such skilled and trained human resource by providing funds for research and development. Focus on sustainability development. Maintaining Infrastructure Developing good quality infrastructure is a key ingredient for achieving excellence in any educational institution. laboratories. student hostels playgrounds. organizing various workshops. Education Sector and Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR) Educational institutions serve the society by playing an important role in extending the services providing quality in higher education. The CBCS provides a ‘cafeteria’ model approach in which the students can take courses of their choice. parking space etc.Focus on Curriculum Design The curriculum of each programme need to be revised and updated periodically taking into consideration the developments in the discipline and making them relevant to contemporary situations involving the industry and the society. The Ministry of HRD. the curriculum of the future should help students connect to the society more closely. need to be planned and implemented. understand practical considerations. Faculty Development Programmes (FDP) The role of faculty is not only to provide instruction to the students but also to develop their overall personality. Sustainability means judicious use and management of resources to cater to the present as well as the future needs of the higher educational institutions. encourage creativity and innovation with hands-on practice. internship and project work. support and coordinate private sector initiatives for skill development through appropriate public-private partnership (PPP) models. Government of India has also been emphasizing the adoption of CBCS in all educational institutions. FDP should be organized frequently so that faculty are constantly engaged in exchanging and enriching their intellectual capital on a continuous basis. Prioritize initiatives that can have a multiplier or catalytic effect as opposed to one-off impact.

 Many educational institutions suffer from lack of funds to provide adequate infrastructure necessary to smoothly carry out academic activities. This is certainly useful in order to gear up our education system and institutions to make them face the challenges of globalization. Key Note Address in UGC sponsored National Seminar Conducted by Sri Y. the affected individuals. they expect their children to work and supplement the family income.N.2.  Prof. the five capacities which are required to build the education process. Educational institutions are the main ingredients of national development. companies and society at large are likely to benefit. At present we find that. Government institutions and private institutions has definitely brought about a radical revolution in the entire education system. Both the students and faculty of higher education should strive their best to solve all such problems and bring out a well attitude excellent higher educational system in the country. the students will be mobilized to settle in their career. cross over exchange programs and providing facilities for qualitative education that quantitative. It is through HRD.  Deepti Agarwal(2001): Education for Empowerment . Further. technology. In this process.Subrahmanyam(2016). we have been focusing primarily on questions to test specific information students possessed rather than questions to promote learning. discouraging independent thinking abilities. Vol. Papers 3 of 2001. If we develop inquiry. This is mainly due to the low paying capacity and lack of interest towards education among the parents. they should change their mindset and give the more interest and importance for their children’s higher education. Hyderabad: Directory of Census Operations. G. The role of CSR in education is thus mitigating the skills gap with considerable experimentation and learning-by-doing along the way.programmes. New Delhi.Meaningful and Relevant. Promoting Excellence in Higher education – Issues & Challenges. Challenges of Higher Education  Mushroom growth of engineering and professional colleges.48. PP. Soft skills development is very much required for the students in the present global scenario to be successful personalities. Conclusion Education today aims at the creation of a rational being that reacts to data and solve the problem. No. . These five capacities will produce self-independent. entrepreneurial and moral leadership. self-directed and self-controlled students. May. creativity.  One of the foremost challenges that higher education institutions in India face is non availability of quality and committed faculty. Social Welfare. But unfortunately our education system is continuously changed to get the percentage of results. References  Census of India (2001): Provisional Population Totals. These modern shops of higher education are running their courses with temporary facilities. we develop all our students. Narsapur.College.  A few educational institutions suffer from lack of good governance practices.2-32. Therefore. Further the analysis reveals that the majority of the poor households are unable to spend money on higher education of their children and only a few of their children attend graduation and post graduation courses.

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