Coconut Oil and Palm kernel Oil

U. R. Sahasranamam (U.R.S)

Coconut and Palm kernel oils

Applications of nuts

Application of crude oil

Application of refined oils

Qualities issues with CNO and PKO

Production and price trends

Oil Extraction methods

Fractionation methods

Lauric specialty fats

Coconut palm .

Oil Palm .

Applications of Nuts Applications Oriental food Desiccated Coconut Coconut Milk Spray dried powder Oil Extraction Activated Carbon Coconut Palm Kernel .

Singapore etc Coconut Palm Kernel . Malaysia.Applications of Nuts continued Applications Offering in Hindu temples to invoke gods blessing – India.

Applications of Crude Oil Applications Frying Oil -Oriental food – Cochin grade Hair oil Sun tan Oil Oleo chemicals Fractionation Refined oil Coconut Palm Kernel .

Frying Sun tan Oil/Hair Oil Spl fat fractionation Oleo Chemicals Ice-cream Industry Hydrogenation Coconut Palm Kernel .Applications of Refined Oil Applications Edible oil for .

Industrial applications – Oleo Chemicals Applications C.8 / C-10 feed stock – MCT feed stock Oleic Acid –Feed stock Coconut Palm Kernel .

wafer center fat .Stearin fraction Hyd Olein Fraction Ice-cream coating Cocoa butter substitute Creaming fat .Applications of Fractions and Hydrogenated Oils and Fractions Applications Coconut Palm Kernel Hydrogenated Fat Non diary creamer. Icecream Coating fat for confectionary Non Hyd -Stearin fraction Center filling Trans free non Hydro Coating fat Non Hyd –Olein fraction Hyd.

Quality and other issues of Crude oils Issues High color High FFA High PAH – Due to smoke drying (poly aromatic hydrocarbons) High SAFA Price Volatility –( Prone to storm damage) Growth Stagnation Coconut Palm Kernel .

5 0 92/93 98/99 00/01 '02/03 '04/05 '06/07 .5 PK OIL CNO 2 1.5 1 0.Oil world) 4.5 3 2.5 4 3.Year wise production of CNO.PK Oil in Million MT ( source .

Palm Kernel O CNO Cif. USD/MT 125 1 100 1 75 50 25 Normal Premium 0 -25 - 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 20 . USD/MT 900 9 800 8 700 7 600 6 500 5 400 4 300 3 PKO Cif.Price trend 1999 .Coconut Oil Vs.2007 . USD/MT 800 8 700 7 600 6 500 5 400 4 300 3 150 1 CNO/PKO Cif Rott Spread.

48.5% Caustic refining Some times especially for high Colored oil to cut the color Generally not practiced due to high refining loss Physical refining Common.RF 1.35% Full Pressing Pre pressing followed by solvent extraction .Processing of Nuts Processing type Coconut Palm Kernel Very Common Very Common – Yield 44.5% due to high short chain acids Common – RF 1.5 to 45% Very Common – Crude oil color and FFA high Not practiced due to high hexane loss Direct extraction Not Common Practiced by 2 to 3 companies in the world – Yield 48 .

Solid fat Profile – Cocoa butter Vs Milk fat 80 S o li d F a t C o n te n t (% ) COCOA BUTTER MILK FAT 60 40 20 0 10 20 30 Temperature (C) 40 .

Fractionation – methods for PKO • Static cooling in stationary trays and hydraulic pressing – High Labor cost • Cooling in moving trays and hydraulic pressing – High Labor costs • Cooling in moving trays and HP membrane pressing – Low labor costs – Increased capital cost • Cooling in membrane press type enclosures and HP pressing – min labor cost but high capital cost • Cooling in High pressure press cavity followed by HP pressing in the same press – Very high capital cost .

Quality General Safety Specific Identity Application +Contaminants +FFA +Refraction Microbiology Pesticides Insecticides Heavy metals PAH +Processes Sensory +Melting curve +Peroxyde +Iodine value +Solidification curve +Rancimat +Chromatography +Pilot tests +Taste +Shelf life value .

Typical quality for Palm Oil. Palm Kernel Oil and Coconut Oil Palm Oil PALM KERNEL OIL COCONUT OIL Saturated Fatty Acids (SAFA) 50 80 91 Monounsaturated Fatty Acids (MUFA) 40 17 8 Polyunsaturated Fatty Acids (PUFA) 10 3 1 Trans Fatty Acids (TFA) <1 <1 <1 .

Fatty Acid Composition (%) 60 PALM KERNEL OIL COCONUT OIL 50 40 30 20 10 0 C6:0 C8:0 C10:0 C12:0 C14:0 C16:0 C18:0 C18:1 C18:2 C18:3 C20:0 .Typical quality for Palm kernel oil and coconut oil .

palm kernel oil and coconut oil .Typical quality for Palm oil.Fatty Acid Composition (%) 60 PALM OIL PALM KERNEL OIL COCONUT OIL 50 40 30 20 10 0 C6:0 C8:0 C10:0 C12:0 C14:0 C16:0 C18:0 C18:1 C18:2 C18:3 C20:0 .

5 0 32.5 0.5 23.5 85.5 94 42.4 15.Palm Kernel Oil and its fractions o Slip Melting Point ( C) PALM KERNEL OIL PALM KERNEL OLEIN PALM KERNEL STEARIN 27.2 16.5 32 71.0 0.5 0 0 0 0 0 0 Solid Fat Content (%) o 10 C o 20 C o 25 C o 30 C o 35 C o 40 C .3 55.4 70.

8 2.0 10.0 20.0 3.0 0.0 Fully Hydrogenated Palm Kernel Oil 95.0 35.0 5.8 96.6 Fully Hydrogenated Palm Kernel Stearin 97.0 30.0 25.0 Fully Hydrogenated Palm Kernel Olein 95.0 40.9 19.0 90.5 89.2 0 Fully Hydrogenated Coconut Oil 91.0 20.0 Temperature O C .0 50.4 88.0 60.2 81.5 60.0 70.0 0.0 0.0 15.1 67.0 96.2 93.5 35.0 40.Solid Fat Content Profile of Hydrogenated Lauric oils Solid Fat Content (%) 100.2 80.9 14.5 21.0 60.5 37.0 80.0 47.0 10.0 30.0 90.0 5.

0 0.0 Solid Fat Content (%) 60.0 90.0 3.0 MILK FAT 47.5 70.0 Temperature O ( C) .0 0.4 2.8 24.0 0.0 80.0 50.3 0.0 70.0 40.0 47.0 Cocoa Butter 88.5 89.0 96.Solid Fat Content Profile of hydrogenated Palm Kernel Stearin comparing with Cocoa Butter and Milk Fat 100.4 86.5 81.0 10 15 20 25 30 35 40 Hydrogenated Palm Kernel Stearin 97.4 2.0 30.0 10.0 7.8 96.0 20.6 46.2 0.0 16.

Palm Gift from mother nature to the human kind Relatively new crop Marketing Strategy by the nature ?? .

Take one free one ( two different type oils packed into one) .

Thank You .