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IN THE NAME OF

ALLAH
THE ALL-COMPASSIONATE, ALL-MERCIFUL

‫ﺃﻳﻦ‬
~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

WHERE IS ALLAH?
~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
~~~~~~~~~
Abu Laylaa
Shabbir Chowthee

Translated by Ummu Abdillaah

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WHERE IS ALLAH

PREFACE
Glory to Allah, The most High, whose help is sought, whom I cannot thank
enough for the favour He bestowed upon me by enabling me write this booklet
entitled:

Where is ALLAH?
In fact, this is such an important Mas-alah (issue), that going astay in this
aspect of our Islamic creed (aqeedah), may lead a person to commit plain kufr by
making him deny Allah’s essence. In fact, some of the extreme sufis, in their
continuous persistence to prove that Allah dwells in his creation or vice versa
have ended up believing that they are themselves a fragment of Allah’s essence,
far is He from such an abomination.
This booklet is destined to all those sincere brothers and sisters who are
looking for the truth with regards to this fundamental issue in our belief. I hope
this reminder helps myself strengthen my beliefs and help prevent my brothers
and sisters fall in the trap of those calling to corrupt beliefs regarding Allah’s
essence.
May Allah reward all those who have contributed in the realization of this
humble effort. May Allah make our Muslim brothers and sisters benefit from it.

SHABBIR CHOWTHEE
B.A. Islamic University Of Madina
Republic of Mauritius
(230) 768-4083

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CHAPTER 1
ALLAH IS ABOVE THE SEVENTH HEAVEN OVER HIS THRONE

Proofs from the Qur’aan and Hadith
Allah is above His Throne
‫اﻻﺳﺘﻮاء ﻋﻠﻰ اﻟﻌﺮش‬

Ø Allah says:

‫ﻯ‬‫ﻮ‬‫ﺘ‬‫ﺵﹺ ﺍﺳ‬‫ﺮ‬‫ﻠﹶﻰ ﺍﻟﹾﻌ‬‫ﺎﻥﹸ ﻋ‬‫ﻤ‬‫ﺣ‬‫ﺍﻟﺮ‬
“The Most Gracious (Allah) rose over (Istawaa) the (Mighty) Throne (in a
manner that suits His Majesty).” (Qur’an 20:5)
According to this verse, we understand that Allah is over His Throne.
There are another six places in the Qur’an where Allah mentioned that He is over
His Throne:
S 7 V 54
S 10 V 3
S 13 V 3
S 25 V 59
S 32 V 4
S 57 V 4
Ø The Prophet ‫ ﺻﻠﻰ ﺍﷲ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ ﻭﺳﻠﻢ‬said:

‫ﻩ‬‫ﺪ‬‫ﻨ‬‫ ﻋ‬‫ﻮﺏ‬‫ﻜﹾﺘ‬‫ ﻣ‬‫ﻮ‬‫ﺒﹺﻲ ﻓﹶﻬ‬‫ ﻏﹶﻀ‬‫ﻘﹶﺖ‬‫ﺒ‬‫ﻲ ﺳ‬‫ﺘ‬‫ﻤ‬‫ﺣ‬‫ ﺇﹺﻥﱠ ﺭ‬‫ﻠﹾﻖ‬‫ ﺍﻟﹾﺨ‬‫ﻠﹸﻖ‬‫ﺨ‬‫ﻞﹶ ﺃﹶﻥﹾ ﻳ‬‫ﺎ ﻗﹶﺒ‬‫ﺎﺑ‬‫ﺘ‬‫ ﻛ‬‫ﺐ‬‫ ﻛﹶﺘ‬‫ﺇﹺﻥﱠ ﺍﻟﻠﱠﻪ‬
‫ﺵﹺ‬‫ﺮ‬‫ ﺍﻟﹾﻌ‬‫ﻕ‬‫ﻓﹶﻮ‬
“Before Allah created the creation, He wrote a kitaab (book): My Rahmah
(mercy)

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precedes My wrath, and this (the phrase) is in written with Him above the
Throne.”
(BUKHARI 6999)

Ø The Prophet ‫ ﺻﻠﻰ ﺍﷲ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ ﻭﺳﻠﻢ‬said:

‫ﻢ‬‫ﻬ‬‫ﻠﹸﻮﻧ‬‫ ﻳ‬‫ﻳﻦ‬‫ﺎﺀِ ﺍﻟﱠﺬ‬‫ﻤ‬‫ﻞﹸ ﺍﻟﺴ‬‫ ﺃﹶﻫ‬‫ﺢ‬‫ﺒ‬‫ ﺳ‬‫ﺵﹺ ﺛﹸﻢ‬‫ﺮ‬‫ﻠﹶﺔﹸ ﺍﻟﹾﻌ‬‫ﻤ‬‫ ﺣ‬‫ﺢ‬‫ﺒ‬‫ﺍ ﺳ‬‫ﺮ‬‫ﻰ ﺃﹶﻣ‬‫ ﺇﹺﺫﹶﺍ ﻗﹶﻀ‬‫ﻪ‬‫ﻤ‬‫ﺎﻟﹶﻰ ﺍﺳ‬‫ﻌ‬‫ﺗ‬‫ ﻭ‬‫ﻙ‬‫ﺎﺭ‬‫ﺒ‬‫ﺎ ﺗ‬‫ﻨ‬‫ﺑ‬‫ﺭ‬
‫ﺎ‬‫ﻴ‬‫ﻧ‬‫ﺎﺀِ ﺍﻟﺪ‬‫ﻤ‬‫ ﺍﻟﺴ‬‫ﻩ‬‫ﺬ‬‫ﻞﹶ ﻫ‬‫ ﺃﹶﻫ‬‫ﺒﹺﻴﺢ‬‫ﺴ‬‫ﻠﹸﻎﹶ ﺍﻟﺘ‬‫ﺒ‬‫ﻰ ﻳ‬‫ﺘ‬‫ﺣ‬
“When our Rab decrees something, those who are holding His Throne, they do
Tasbiih. Then, the inhabitants in the heaven (sky) below them, they also they do
Tasbiih, until this Tasbiih reach the inhabitants of this sky (heaven).”
(MUSLIM 4136)

According to this hadith, we see that Allah’s Throne is above the heavens,
and Allah is over His Throne.

Note:
Certain

sects

have

misinterpreted

the

verb

“Istawaa”

in

order

to prove that Allah is everywhere. But this interpretation is a mere error which
is unacceptable in the arabic language.

Ø Abul – Aaliyah (90H) said:

‫ﻔﹶﻊ‬‫ﺗ‬‫ﺎﺀِ( ﺍﺭ‬‫ﻤ‬‫ﻯ ﺇﹺﻟﹶﻰ ﺍﻟﺴ‬‫ﻮ‬‫ﺘ‬‫)ﺍﺳ‬

“Istawaa to the heaven (sky) means to elevate”
(BUKHARI)

Ø The Taabe’I Mujaahid (101 H) said:

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‫ﺵﹺ‬‫ﺮ‬‫ﻠﹶﻰ ﺍﻟﹾﻌ‬‫ﻠﹶﺎ ﻋ‬‫ﻯ( ﻋ‬‫ﻮ‬‫ﺘ‬‫)ﺍﺳ‬

“Istawaa (on the throne) means that Allah is elevated over the throne.”
(BUKHARI)

Ø Reported by Sufyaan Ibn Uyaynah (198 H):

‫ﻯ‬‫ﻮ‬‫ﺘ‬‫ﺵﹺ ﺍﺳ‬‫ﺮ‬‫ﻠﹶﻰ ﺍﻟﹾﻌ‬‫ﺎﻥﹸ ﻋ‬‫ﻤ‬‫ﺣ‬‫ﻛﻨﺖ ﻋﻨﺪ ﺭﺑﻴﻌﺔ ﺑﻦ ﺃﰊ ﻋﺒﺪ ﺍﻟﺮﲪﻦ ﻓﺴﺄﻟﻪ ﺭﺟﻞ ﻓﻘﺎﻝ ﺍﻟﺮ‬
‫ﻛﻴﻒ ﺍﺳﺘﻮﻯ ﻓﻘﺎﻝ ﺍﻻﺳﺘﻮﺍﺀ ﻏﲑ ﳎﻬﻮﻝ ﻭﺍﻟﻜﻴﻒ ﻏﲑ ﻣﻌﻘﻮﻝ ﻭﺍﻹﳝﺎﻥ ﺑﻪ ﻭﺍﺟﺐ‬
‫ﻭﺍﻟﺴﺆﺍﻝ ﻋﻨﻪ ﺑﺪﻋﺔ‬
“I was at Rabii’ah Ibn Abi Abdir – Rahmaan’s place (d.136 H), and someone
asked him: ‘Ar-Rahmaan (Allah) is Istawaa over the Throne. How was He
Istawaa?’ So, he replied: ‘Al – Istawaa is not an unknown (word), but how did He
Istawaa, this cannot be understood (by our limited mind),believing in it is
obligatory, and questioning regarding it is an innovation (Bid’ah).”
(MUKHTASWAR-UL-ULLI 132)

Ø Reported by Bishr Ibn Umar (207 H):

‫ﻯ( ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﻟﻌﺮﺵ‬‫ﻮ‬‫ﺘ‬‫ﺵﹺ ﺍﺳ‬‫ﺮ‬‫ﻠﹶﻰ ﺍﻟﹾﻌ‬‫ﺎﻥﹸ ﻋ‬‫ﻤ‬‫ﺣ‬‫ﲰﻌﺖ ﻏﲑ ﻭﺍﺣﺪ ﻣﻦ ﺍﳌﻔﺴﺮﻳﻦ ﻳﻘﻮﻟﻮﻥ )ﺍﻟﺮ‬
‫ﺍﺭﺗﻔﻊ‬
“I heard more than one among the Muffassir saying: ‘Ar – Rahmaan (Allah) is
Istawaa over the Throne- means that He is elevated over the Throne.”
(AL-LAALAKAAI 13/397/662)

Allah is above
‫اﻟﻔﻮﻗﯿﺔ‬
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Ø Allah says:

‫ﻭﻥﹶ‬‫ﺮ‬‫ﻣ‬‫ﺆ‬‫ﺎ ﻳ‬‫ﻠﹸﻮﻥﹶ ﻣ‬‫ﻔﹾﻌ‬‫ﻳ‬‫ ﻭ‬‫ﻬﹺﻢ‬‫ﻗ‬‫ ﻓﹶﻮ‬‫ﻦ‬‫ ﻣ‬‫ﻢ‬‫ﻬ‬‫ﺑ‬‫ﺎﻓﹸﻮﻥﹶ ﺭ‬‫ﺨ‬‫ﻳ‬
“They (the angels) fear their Lord above them, and they do what they are
commanded.” (Qur’an 16:50)
Ø Allah says:

‫ﻩ‬‫ﺎﺩ‬‫ﺒ‬‫ ﻋ‬‫ﻕ‬‫ ﻓﹶﻮ‬‫ﺮ‬‫ ﺍﻟﹾﻘﹶﺎﻫ‬‫ﻮ‬‫ﻫ‬‫ﻭ‬

“And He is the Irresistible, (supreme) above His slaves …” (Qur’an 6:18)
Ø The Prophet ‫ ﺻﻠﻰ ﺍﷲ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ ﻭﺳﻠﻢ‬used to say in his Du’aa:

ٌ‫ﺀ‬‫ﻲ‬‫ ﺷ‬‫ﻗﹶﻚ‬‫ ﻓﹶﻮ‬‫ﺲ‬‫ ﻓﹶﻠﹶﻴ‬‫ﺮ‬‫ ﺍﻟﻈﱠﺎﻫ‬‫ﺖ‬‫ﺃﹶﻧ‬‫ﻭ‬

“You are Az-Zwahir – there is nothing above you.”
(MUSLIM 4888)

Allah is above the heaven
‫أﻧﮫ ﻓﻲ اﻟﺴﻤﺎء‬
Ø Allah says:

ِ‫ﺎﺀ‬‫ﻤ‬‫ﻲ ﺍﻟﺴ‬‫ ﻓ‬‫ﻦ‬‫ ﻣ‬‫ﻢ‬‫ﻨﺘ‬‫ ﺃﹶﻣ‬‫ ﺃﹶﻡ‬‫ﻮﺭ‬‫ﻤ‬‫ ﺗ‬‫ﻲ‬‫ ﻓﹶﺈﹺﺫﹶﺍ ﻫ‬‫ﺽ‬‫ ﺍﻷَﺭ‬‫ ﺑﹺﻜﹸﻢ‬‫ﺴِﻒ‬‫ﺨ‬‫ﺎﺀِ ﺃﹶﻥﹾ ﻳ‬‫ﻤ‬‫ﻲ ﺍﻟﺴ‬‫ ﻓ‬‫ﻦ‬‫ ﻣ‬‫ﻢ‬‫ﻨﺘ‬‫ﺃﹶﺃﹶﻣ‬
‫ﻳﺮﹺ‬‫ﺬ‬‫ ﻧ‬‫ﻒ‬‫ﻮﻥﹶ ﻛﹶﻴ‬‫ﻠﹶﻤ‬‫ﻌ‬‫ﺘ‬‫ﺎ ﻓﹶﺴ‬‫ﺒ‬‫ﺎﺻ‬‫ ﺣ‬‫ﻜﹸﻢ‬‫ﻠﹶﻴ‬‫ﻞﹶ ﻋ‬‫ﺳ‬‫ﺮ‬‫ﺃﹶﻥﹾ ﻳ‬
“Do you feel secure that He, Who is over the heaven (Allah), will not cause the
earth to sink with you, and then it should quake? Or do you feel secure that He,
who is over the heaven (Allah), will not send against you a violent whirlwind?
Then you shall know how (terrible) has been My Warning.” (Qur’an 67:16-17)
According to these two verses, we understand that Allah – who sends
calamities – is above the heaven.
At-Twabari (310H) said in his tafsir:
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‫ﺎ‬‫ﺒ‬‫ﺎﺻ‬‫ ﺣ‬‫ﻜﹸﻢ‬‫ﻠﹶﻴ‬‫ﻞﹶ ﻋ‬‫ﺳ‬‫ﺮ‬‫ ﺃﹶﻥﹾ ﻳ‬- ‫ ﻭﻫﻮ ﺍﷲ‬- ِ‫ﺎﺀ‬‫ﻤ‬‫ﻲ ﺍﻟﺴ‬‫ ﻓ‬‫ﻦ‬‫ ﻣ‬‫ﻢ‬‫ﻨﺘ‬‫ ﺃﹶﻣ‬‫ﺃﹶﻡ‬

“Or do you feel secure that He, Who is above the heavens – He is Allah – will not
send against you a violent whirlwind.”
(TAFSIR 29/7)

Ø The Prophet ‫ ﺻﻠﻰ ﺍﷲ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ ﻭﺳﻠﻢ‬said :

ِ‫ﺎﺀ‬‫ﻤ‬‫ﻲ ﺍﻟﺴ‬‫ ﻓ‬‫ﻦ‬‫ ﻣ‬‫ﻜﹸﻢ‬‫ﻤ‬‫ﺣ‬‫ﺮ‬‫ﺽﹺ ﻳ‬‫ﻲ ﺍﻟﹾﺄﹶﺭ‬‫ ﻓ‬‫ﻦ‬‫ﻮﺍ ﻣ‬‫ﻤ‬‫ﺣ‬‫ ﺍﺭ‬‫ﻦ‬‫ﻤ‬‫ﺣ‬‫ ﺍﻟﺮ‬‫ﻢ‬‫ﻬ‬‫ﻤ‬‫ﺣ‬‫ﺮ‬‫ﻮﻥﹶ ﻳ‬‫ﻤ‬‫ﺍﺣ‬‫ﺍﻟﺮ‬
“The merciful will be shown mercy by Ar-Rahmaan (Allah). Have mercy on
those who are on earth, so that the One who is above the heaven will have
mercy on you.”
(TIRMIZI 1847)

Ø The Prophet ‫ ﺻﻠﻰ ﺍﷲ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ ﻭﺳﻠﻢ‬said:

‫ﻲ‬‫ﻱ ﻓ‬‫ ﺇﹺﻟﱠﺎ ﻛﹶﺎﻥﹶ ﺍﻟﱠﺬ‬‫ﻪ‬‫ﻠﹶﻴ‬‫ﻰ ﻋ‬‫ﺄﹾﺑ‬‫ﺎ ﻓﹶﺘ‬‫ﻬ‬‫ﺍﺷ‬‫ﺮ‬‫ ﺇﹺﻟﹶﻰ ﻓ‬‫ﻪ‬‫ﺃﹶﺗ‬‫ﺮ‬‫ﻮ ﺍﻣ‬‫ﻋ‬‫ﺪ‬‫ﻞﹴ ﻳ‬‫ﺟ‬‫ ﺭ‬‫ﻦ‬‫ﺎ ﻣ‬‫ ﻣ‬‫ﻩ‬‫ﺪ‬‫ﻔﹾﺴِﻲ ﺑﹺﻴ‬‫ﻱ ﻧ‬‫ﺍﻟﱠﺬ‬‫ﻭ‬
‫ﺎ‬‫ﻬ‬‫ﻨ‬‫ﻰ ﻋ‬‫ﺿ‬‫ﺮ‬‫ﻰ ﻳ‬‫ﺘ‬‫ﺎ ﺣ‬‫ﻬ‬‫ﻠﹶﻴ‬‫ﻄﹰﺎ ﻋ‬‫ﺎﺧ‬‫ﺎﺀِ ﺳ‬‫ﻤ‬‫ﺍﻟﺴ‬
“I swear on He in whose hand my life is, there is no husband who invites his
wife on his bed, and she refuses, except that He who is over the heaven is
angry with her until that he (the husband) is satisfied with her.”
(MUSLIM 2595)

Ø Reported by Mu’aawiyah ibnul – Hakam:

‫ﻡﹴ ﻓﹶﺈﹺﺫﹶﺍ ﺍﻟﺬﱢﻳﺐ‬‫ﻮ‬‫ ﻳ‬‫ ﺫﹶﺍﺕ‬‫ﺖ‬‫ ﻓﹶﺎﻃﱠﻠﹶﻌ‬‫ﺔ‬‫ﺍﻧﹺﻴ‬‫ﻮ‬‫ﺍﻟﹾﺠ‬‫ ﻭ‬‫ﺪ‬‫ﻞﹶ ﺃﹸﺣ‬‫ﺒ‬‫ﻲ ﻗ‬‫ﺎ ﻟ‬‫ﻤ‬‫ﻰ ﻏﹶﻨ‬‫ﻋ‬‫ﺮ‬‫ﺔﹲ ﺗ‬‫ﺎﺭﹺﻳ‬‫ﻲ ﺟ‬‫ ﻟ‬‫ﺖ‬‫ﻛﹶﺎﻧ‬‫ﻭ‬
‫ﺎ‬‫ﻬ‬‫ﻜﹶﻜﹾﺘ‬‫ﻲ ﺻ‬‫ﻨ‬‫ﻔﹸﻮﻥﹶ ﻟﹶﻜ‬‫ﺄﹾﺳ‬‫ﺎ ﻳ‬‫ ﻛﹶﻤ‬‫ﻒ‬‫ ﺁﺳ‬‫ﻡ‬‫ﻨﹺﻲ ﺁﺩ‬‫ ﺑ‬‫ﻦ‬‫ﻞﹲ ﻣ‬‫ﺟ‬‫ﺎ ﺭ‬‫ﺃﹶﻧ‬‫ﺎ ﻭ‬‫ﻬ‬‫ﻤ‬‫ ﻏﹶﻨ‬‫ﻦ‬‫ ﻣ‬‫ﺎﺓ‬‫ ﺑﹺﺸ‬‫ﺐ‬‫ ﺫﹶﻫ‬‫ﻗﹶﺪ‬
‫ﺎ ﻗﹶﺎﻝﹶ‬‫ﻘﹸﻬ‬‫ﺘ‬‫ ﺃﹶﻓﹶﻠﹶﺎ ﺃﹸﻋ‬‫ﻮﻝﹶ ﺍﻟﻠﱠﻪ‬‫ﺳ‬‫ﺎ ﺭ‬‫ ﻳ‬‫ ﻗﹸﻠﹾﺖ‬‫ﻠﹶﻲ‬‫ ﻋ‬‫ﻚ‬‫ ﺫﹶﻟ‬‫ﻈﱠﻢ‬‫ﻓﹶﻌ‬

‫ﻠﱠﻢ‬‫ﺳ‬‫ ﻭ‬‫ﻪ‬‫ﻠﹶﻴ‬‫ ﻋ‬‫ﻠﱠﻰ ﺍﻟﻠﱠﻪ‬‫ﺻ‬

‫ﻮﻝﹶ ﺍﻟﻠﱠﻪ‬‫ﺳ‬‫ ﺭ‬‫ﺖ‬‫ﻴ‬‫ﻜﱠﺔﹰ ﻓﹶﺄﹶﺗ‬‫ﺻ‬

8

‫ﻮﻝﹸ ﺍﻟﻠﱠﻪ‬‫ﺳ‬‫ ﺭ‬‫ﺖ‬‫ ﺃﹶﻧ‬‫ﺎ ﻗﹶﺎﻟﹶﺖ‬‫ ﺃﹶﻧ‬‫ﻦ‬‫ﺎﺀِ ﻗﹶﺎﻝﹶ ﻣ‬‫ﻤ‬‫ﻲ ﺍﻟﺴ‬‫ ﻓ‬‫ ﻗﹶﺎﻟﹶﺖ‬‫ ﺍﻟﻠﱠﻪ‬‫ﻦ‬‫ﺎ ﺃﹶﻳ‬‫ﺎ ﻓﹶﻘﹶﺎﻝﹶ ﻟﹶﻬ‬‫ ﺑﹺﻬ‬‫ﻪ‬‫ﺘ‬‫ﻴ‬‫ﺎ ﻓﹶﺄﹶﺗ‬‫ﻨﹺﻲ ﺑﹺﻬ‬‫ﺍﺋﹾﺘ‬
‫ﺔﹲ‬‫ﻨ‬‫ﻣ‬‫ﺆ‬‫ﺎ ﻣ‬‫ﻬ‬‫ﺎ ﻓﹶﺈﹺﻧ‬‫ﻘﹾﻬ‬‫ﺘ‬‫ﻗﹶﺎﻝﹶ ﺃﹶﻋ‬
“I had a slave girl who was in charge of the grazing of my sheeps near Uhud and
Jawwaaniyyah. One day when I looked, I saw that the wolf has taken away a
sheep.
I am a man among the chidren of Aadam; I get angry like they get angry. So, I
slapped her. Then, I came to the Allah’s Messenger, and he made me
understand that it was a very grave thing that I did.
I said: ‘Oh Messenger of Allah, do I set her free?’
He said: ‘Bring her to me’
I brought her to him, and he asked her: ‘Where is Allah?’
She replied: ‘Above the heaven.’
He asked her: ‘Who am I?’
She replied: ‘You are the Messenger of Allah.’
The Prophet said: "Set her free, for she is a believer.”
(MUSLIM 836)

From this Hadith, we understand that the Prophet considered her answer
that Allah is above the heaven as a proof that she is a believer.
Abu Sa’iid Ad – Daarmi (280H) said:

‫ﰲ‬

‫ﻋﺰﻭﺟﻞ‬

‫ﻫﺬﺍ ﺩﻟﻴﻞ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺃﻥ ﺍﻟﺮﺟﻞ ﺇﺫﺍ ﱂ ﻳﻌﻠﻢ ﺃﻥ ﺍﷲ‬

‫ﻠﱠﻢ‬‫ﺳ‬‫ ﻭ‬‫ﻪ‬‫ﻠﹶﻴ‬‫ ﻋ‬‫ﺻﻠﱠﻰ ﺍﻟﻠﱠﻪ‬

‫ﻓﻔﻲ ﺣﺪﻳﺚ ﺭﺳﻮﻝ ﺍﷲ‬

‫ﺍﻟﺴﻤﺎﺀ ﺩﻭﻥ ﺍﻷﺭﺽ ﻓﻠﻴﺲ ﲟﺆﻣﻦ‬
“In this Hadith of the Messenger of Allah, there is proof that if a person does not
know that Allah is above the heaven without being on the earth, he is not a
Mu’min (believer).”
(AR-RAD ALAL-JAHMIYYAH pg 46)

9

Everything ascends towards Allah
‫اﻟﺼﻌﻮد‬
In the Qur’aan and the authentic sunnah, Allah and His Messenger ‫ﺻﻠﻰ ﺍﷲ‬
‫ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ ﻭﺳﻠﻢ‬let us know that creatures and all created things ascend towards Allah.
This is another proof that Allah is High Up.
Ø Allah says:

‫ﺐ‬‫ ﺍﻟﻄﱠﻴ‬‫ﻢ‬‫ ﺍﻟﹾﻜﹶﻠ‬‫ﺪ‬‫ﻌ‬‫ﺼ‬‫ ﻳ‬‫ﻪ‬‫ﺇﹺﻟﹶﻴ‬

“To Him ascend (all) the goodly words.” (Qur’an 35:10)
Ø The Prophet

(‫ﻠﱠﻢ‬‫ﺳ‬‫ ﻭ‬‫ﻪ‬‫ﻠﹶ ﻴ‬‫ ﻋ‬‫ﺻﻠﱠﻰ ﺍﻟﻠﱠﻪ‬
)

said:

‫ﺐ‬‫ ﺇﹺﻟﱠﺎ ﺍﻟﻄﱠﻴ‬‫ ﺇﹺﻟﹶﻰ ﺍﻟﻠﱠﻪ‬‫ﺪ‬‫ﻌ‬‫ﺼ‬‫ﻟﹶﺎ ﻳ‬‫ﻭ‬

“Nothing ascends towards Allah except what is good (good actions)”
(BUKHARI 6878)

Ø Reported by Abdullah Ibnus – Saa’ib:

‫ﺎ‬‫ﻬ‬‫ﻗﹶﺎﻝﹶ ﺇﹺﻧ‬‫ﺮﹺ ﻭ‬‫ﻞﹶ ﺍﻟﻈﱡﻬ‬‫ ﻗﹶﺒ‬‫ﺲ‬‫ﻤ‬‫ﻭﻝﹶ ﺍﻟﺸ‬‫ﺰ‬‫ ﺃﹶﻥﹾ ﺗ‬‫ﺪ‬‫ﻌ‬‫ﺎ ﺑ‬‫ﻌ‬‫ﺑ‬‫ﻠﱢﻲ ﺃﹶﺭ‬‫ﺼ‬‫ﻛﹶﺎﻥﹶ ﻳ‬

‫ ﻠﱠﻢ‬‫ﺳ‬‫ ﻭ‬‫ﻪ‬‫ﻠﹶﻴ‬‫ ﻋ‬‫ﻠﱠﻰ ﺍﻟﻠﱠﻪ‬‫ﺻ‬

‫ﻮﻝﹶ ﺍﻟﻠﱠﻪ‬‫ﺳ‬‫ﺃﹶﻥﱠ ﺭ‬

‫ﺢ‬‫ﺎﻟ‬‫ﻞﹲ ﺻ‬‫ﻤ‬‫ﺎ ﻋ‬‫ﻴﻬ‬‫ﻲ ﻓ‬‫ ﻟ‬‫ﺪ‬‫ﻌ‬‫ﺼ‬‫ ﺃﹶﻥﹾ ﻳ‬‫ﺐ‬‫ﺃﹸﺣ‬‫ﺎﺀِ ﻭ‬‫ﻤ‬‫ ﺍﻟﺴ‬‫ﺍﺏ‬‫ﻮ‬‫ﺎ ﺃﹶﺑ‬‫ﻴﻬ‬‫ ﻓ‬‫ﺢ‬‫ﻔﹾﺘ‬‫ﺔﹲ ﺗ‬‫ﺎﻋ‬‫ﺳ‬
“Allah’s Messenger was praying 4 rakaahs of prayer after zawaal (midday),
before zuhr, and he said:
‘Certainly This is a time when the doors of heaven are open and I like that
during this time a good action of mine goes up (to Allah).”
(TIRMIZI 1440)

10

His creatures ascends to Him

‫اﻟﻌﺮوج‬

Ø Allah says:

‫ﺔ‬‫ﻨ‬‫ ﺳ‬‫ ﺃﹶﻟﹾﻒ‬‫ﺴِﲔ‬‫ﻤ‬‫ ﺧ‬‫ﻩ‬‫ﺍﺭ‬‫ﻘﹾﺪ‬‫ﻡﹴ ﻛﹶﺎﻥﹶ ﻣ‬‫ﻮ‬‫ﻲ ﻳ‬‫ ﻓ‬‫ﻪ‬‫ ﺇﹺﻟﹶﻴ‬‫ﻭﺡ‬‫ﺍﻟﺮ‬‫ﻜﹶﺔﹸ ﻭ‬‫ﻠﹶﺎﺋ‬‫ ﺍﻟﹾﻤ‬‫ﺝ‬‫ﺮ‬‫ﻌ‬‫ﺗ‬

“The angels and the Ruh (Jibril) ascend to Him in a Day the measure whereof is
fifty thousand years.” (Qur’an 70:4)
Ø Allah says:

‫ﺎ‬‫ﻤ‬‫ ﻣ‬‫ﺔ‬‫ﻨ‬‫ ﺳ‬‫ ﺃﹶﻟﹾﻒ‬‫ﻩ‬‫ﺍﺭ‬‫ﻘﹾﺪ‬‫ﻡﹴ ﻛﹶﺎﻥﹶ ﻣ‬‫ﻮ‬‫ﻲ ﻳ‬‫ ﻓ‬‫ﻪ‬‫ ﺇﹺﻟﹶﻴ‬‫ﺝ‬‫ﺮ‬‫ﻌ‬‫ ﻳ‬‫ﺽﹺ ﺛﹸﻢ‬‫ﺎﺀِ ﺇﹺﻟﹶﻰ ﺍﻟﹾﺄﹶﺭ‬‫ﻤ‬‫ ﺍﻟﺴ‬‫ﻦ‬‫ ﻣ‬‫ﺮ‬‫ ﺍﻟﹾﺄﹶﻣ‬‫ﺮ‬‫ﺑ‬‫ﺪ‬‫ﻳ‬
‫ﻭﻥﹶ‬‫ﺪ‬‫ﻌ‬‫ﺗ‬
“He manages and regulates (every) affair from the heavens to the earth; then it
(affair) will go up to Him, in one Day, the space whereof is a thousand years of
your reckoning (i.e reckoning of our present world’s time).” (Qur’an 32:5)
Ø With regards to the ascent itself, the Mi’raaj (ascent) of our Prophet ‫ﺍﷲ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ‬

‫ﺻﻠﻰ‬

‫ ﻭﺳﻠﻢ‬to the seventh heaven where Allah talked to him directly clearly shows
that Allah is high up above the heavens. During the Mi’raaj, while returning,
he met Mousaa on the sixth heaven, and Mousaa told him:

‫ﻚ‬‫ﺘ‬‫ﺄﹸﻣ‬‫ ﻟ‬‫ﻴﻒ‬‫ﻔ‬‫ﺨ‬‫ ﺍﻟﺘ‬‫ﺄﹶﻟﹾﻪ‬‫ ﻓﹶﺎﺳ‬‫ﻚ‬‫ﺑ‬‫ ﺇﹺﻟﹶﻰ ﺭ‬‫ﺟﹺﻊ‬‫ﺍﺭ‬
“Return to your Rab (Allah), and ask Him to reduce (the number of prayers)
for your Ummah.” (BUKHARI 12047)
Had Allah been everywhere, there would have been no necessity for the
Prophet ‫ ﺻﻠﻰ ﺍﷲ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ ﻭﺳﻠﻢ‬to ascend to the seventh heaven again to ask Allah to
reduce the number of prayers.
Abu Sa’iid Ad-Daarmi (280H) said:
11

‫ﻭﻟﻮ ﻛﺎﻥ ﰲ ﻛﻞ ﻣﻜﺎﻥ ﻛﻤﺎ ﻳﺰﻋﻢ ﻫﺆﻻﺀ ﻣﺎ ﻛﺎﻥ ﻟﻺﺳﺮﺍﺀ ﻭﺍﻟﱪﺍﻕ ﻭﺍﳌﻌﺮﺍﺝ ﺇﺫﺍ ﻣﻦ‬
‫ﻣﻌﲎ‬
“If Allah was everywhere like they pretend, Israa, Buraaq and Mi’raaj (all these)
would have been meaningless.”
(AR-RAD ALAL-JAHMIYYAH Pg 67)

Allah raises his creatures unto Himself
‫اﻟﺮﻓﻊ‬
Ø Allah says concerning Prophet Eesaa:

‫ﻪ‬‫ ﺇﹺﻟﹶﻴ‬‫ ﺍﻟﻠﱠﻪ‬‫ﻪ‬‫ﻓﹶﻌ‬‫ﻞﹾ ﺭ‬‫ﺎ ﺑ‬‫ﻴﻨ‬‫ﻘ‬‫ ﻳ‬‫ﻠﹸﻮﻩ‬‫ﺎ ﻗﹶﺘ‬‫ﻣ‬‫ﻭ‬
“For surely; they killed him not (i.e. Eesaa, son of Maryam) But Allah raised
him (Eesaa) up (with his body and soul) unto Himself.” (Qur’an 4:157-158)
Ø Allah says:

‫ ﺇﹺﻟﹶﻲ‬‫ﻚ‬‫ﻌ‬‫ﺍﻓ‬‫ﺭ‬‫ ﻭ‬‫ﻓﱢﻴﻚ‬‫ﻮ‬‫ﺘ‬‫ﻲ ﻣ‬‫ﻰ ﺇﹺﻧ‬‫ﻴﺴ‬‫ﺎﻋ‬‫ﻳ‬

“O Eesaa! I will take you and raise you to Myself.” (Qur’an 3:55)
Allah says that He has raised Eesaa up to Himself; meaning that Allah is
himself high above.
Ø The Prophet ‫ ﺻﻠﻰ ﺍﷲ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ ﻭﺳﻠﻢ‬said:

‫ﻞ‬‫ﻞﹺ ﺍﻟﻠﱠﻴ‬‫ﻤ‬‫ﻞﹶ ﻋ‬‫ﺎﺭﹺ ﻗﹶﺒ‬‫ﻬ‬‫ﻞﹸ ﺍﻟﻨ‬‫ﻤ‬‫ﻋ‬‫ﺎﺭﹺ ﻭ‬‫ﻬ‬‫ﻞﹺ ﺍﻟﻨ‬‫ﻤ‬‫ﻞﹶ ﻋ‬‫ﻞﹺ ﻗﹶﺒ‬‫ﻞﹸ ﺍﻟﻠﱠﻴ‬‫ﻤ‬‫ ﻋ‬‫ﻪ‬‫ ﺇﹺﻟﹶﻴ‬‫ﻓﹶﻊ‬‫ﺮ‬‫ﻳ‬

“Actions during the night are raised up to Him before the day, and actions during
the day (are raised up) before the night”
(MUSLIM 263)

Ø Reported by Usaamah ibn Zayd:
12

‫ـﻚ‬‫ﺎﻥﹶ ﻗﹶﺎﻝﹶ ﺫﹶﻟ‬‫ﺒ‬‫ﻌ‬‫ ﺷ‬‫ﻦ‬‫ ﻣ‬‫ﻮﻡ‬‫ﺼ‬‫ﺎ ﺗ‬‫ﻮﺭﹺ ﻣ‬‫ﻬ‬‫ ﺍﻟﺸ‬‫ﻦ‬‫ﺍ ﻣ‬‫ﺮ‬‫ﻬ‬‫ ﺷ‬‫ﻮﻡ‬‫ﺼ‬‫ ﺗ‬‫ﻙ‬‫ ﺃﹶﺭ‬‫ ﻟﹶﻢ‬‫ﻮﻝﹶ ﺍﻟﻠﱠﻪ‬‫ﺳ‬‫ﺎ ﺭ‬‫ ﻳ‬‫ﻗﹸﻠﹾﺖ‬
‫ﺏ‬‫ـﺎﻝﹸ ﺇﹺﻟﹶـﻰ ﺭ‬‫ﻤ‬‫ ﺍﻟﹾﺄﹶﻋ‬‫ﻴﻪ‬‫ ﻓ‬‫ﻓﹶﻊ‬‫ﺮ‬‫ ﺗ‬‫ﺮ‬‫ﻬ‬‫ ﺷ‬‫ﻮ‬‫ﻫ‬‫ﺎﻥﹶ ﻭ‬‫ﻀ‬‫ﻣ‬‫ﺭ‬‫ﺐﹴ ﻭ‬‫ﺟ‬‫ ﺭ‬‫ﻦ‬‫ﻴ‬‫ ﺑ‬‫ﻪ‬‫ﻨ‬‫ ﻋ‬‫ﺎﺱ‬‫ﻔﹸﻞﹸ ﺍﻟﻨ‬‫ﻐ‬‫ ﻳ‬‫ﺮ‬‫ﻬ‬‫ﺷ‬
‫ﻢ‬‫ﺎﺋ‬‫ﺎ ﺻ‬‫ﺃﹶﻧ‬‫ﻲ ﻭ‬‫ﻠ‬‫ﻤ‬‫ ﻋ‬‫ﻓﹶﻊ‬‫ﺮ‬‫ ﺃﹶﻥﹾ ﻳ‬‫ﺐ‬‫ ﻓﹶﺄﹸﺣ‬‫ﲔ‬‫ﺎﻟﹶﻤ‬‫ﺍﻟﹾﻌ‬
“I asked (the Prophet ‫)ﺻﻠﻰ ﺍﷲ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ ﻭﺳﻠﻢ‬:
‘Oh Messenger of Allah،‫ ﺻﻠﻰ ﺍﷲ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ ﻭﺳﻠﻢ‬I haven’t seen you fast in any month like you
fast in the month of Sha’baan!”
So, the Prophet ‫ ﺻﻠﻰ ﺍﷲ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ ﻭﺳﻠﻢ‬said:
“People do not pay attention to This month, which is between the months of
Rajab and Ramadwaan, and it is a month during which the actions are raised up
to Rabbul – Aalamiin (Allah. I prefer that when my actions are raised, I am
fasting (during this time).”
(NASAAI 2317)

Allaah descends
‫اﻟﻨﺰول‬
Ø The Prophet ‫ ﺻﻠﻰ ﺍﷲ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ ﻭﺳﻠﻢ‬said:

‫ﻦ‬‫ﻘﹸﻮﻝﹸ ﻣ‬‫ ﻳ‬‫ﺮ‬‫ﻞﹺ ﺍﻟﹾﺂﺧ‬‫ﻘﹶﻰ ﺛﹸﻠﹸﺚﹸ ﺍﻟﻠﱠﻴ‬‫ﺒ‬‫ ﻳ‬‫ﲔ‬‫ﺎ ﺣ‬‫ﻴ‬‫ﻧ‬‫ﺎﺀِ ﺍﻟﺪ‬‫ﻤ‬‫ ﺇﹺﻟﹶﻰ ﺍﻟﺴ‬‫ﻠﹶﺔ‬‫ﻛﹸﻞﱠ ﻟﹶﻴ‬

‫ﺎﻟﹶﻰ‬‫ﻌ‬‫ﺗ‬‫ ﻭ‬‫ﻙ‬‫ﺎﺭ‬‫ﺒ‬‫ﺗ‬

‫ﺎ‬‫ﻨ‬‫ﺑ‬‫ﺰﹺﻝﹸ ﺭ‬‫ﻨ‬‫ﻳ‬

‫ ﻟﹶﻪ‬‫ﺮ‬‫ﻧﹺﻲ ﻓﹶﺄﹶﻏﹾﻔ‬‫ﺮ‬‫ﻔ‬‫ﻐ‬‫ﺘ‬‫ﺴ‬‫ ﻳ‬‫ﻦ‬‫ ﻣ‬‫ﻪ‬‫ﻴ‬‫ﻄ‬‫ﺄﹶﻟﹸﻨﹺﻲ ﻓﹶﺄﹸﻋ‬‫ﺴ‬‫ ﻳ‬‫ﻦ‬‫ ﻣ‬‫ ﻟﹶﻪ‬‫ﺠﹺﻴﺐ‬‫ﺘ‬‫ﻮﻧﹺﻲ ﻓﹶﺄﹶﺳ‬‫ﻋ‬‫ﺪ‬‫ﻳ‬
“Each night when one-third of the night remains, our Rab descends to the
heaven (sky) of Dunyaa and He says: (calling upon)
‘Whoever calls upon Me, I will answer him. Whoever asks Me, I will give him.
Whoever seeks forgiveness from Me, I will forgive him.”
(BUKHARI 1077)

13

Ibn Abi Zamaniin (399 H) said:

‫ﻋﻠﻰ ﻋﺮﺷﻪ ﰲ ﺍﻟﺴﻤﺎﺀ ﺩﻭﻥ ﺍﻷﺭﺽ‬

‫ﻋﺰﻭﺟﻞ‬

‫ﻭﻫﺬﺍ ﺍﳊﺪﻳﺚ ﺑﲔ ﺃﻥ ﺍﷲ‬

“This Hadith shows clearly that Allah is above His Throne, above the heaven, not
on earth.”
(USOUL - US - SUNNAH Pg 113)

Allah sends information from above the heavens

‫ﻧﺰول اﻷﺷﯿﺎء‬

We all agree that Allah has sent the Qur’an from above the heavens.
Ø Allah says:

‫ﺎﺏ‬‫ﺘ‬‫ ﺍﻟﹾﻜ‬‫ﻩ‬‫ﺪ‬‫ﺒ‬‫ﻠﹶﻰ ﻋ‬‫ﻝﹶ ﻋ‬‫ﻱ ﺃﹶﻧﺰ‬‫ ﺍﻟﱠﺬ‬‫ﻠﱠﻪ‬‫ ﻟ‬‫ﺪ‬‫ﻤ‬‫ﺍﻟﹾﺤ‬
“All praises and thanks be to Allah, Who has sent down to His slave
(Muhammad) the Book (the Qur’an).” (Qur’an 18:1)
Ø Allah says:

‫ﺭﹺ‬‫ ﺍﻟﹾﻘﹶﺪ‬‫ﻠﹶﺔ‬‫ﻲ ﻟﹶﻴ‬‫ ﻓ‬‫ﺎﻩ‬‫ﺰﻟﹾﻨ‬ ‫ﺎ ﺃﹶﻧ‬‫ﺇﹺﻧ‬
“Verily, We have sent it (this Qur’an) down in the night of Al-Qadr (Decree).”
(Qur’an 97:1)

Ad – Daarmi (280 H) said:

‫ﺃﻧﺰﻟﻪ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﺴﻤﺎﺀ ﻣﻦ ﻋﻨﺪﻩ‬

‫ﻋﺰﻭﺟﻞ‬

‫ﻛﻞ ﺫﻟﻚ ﺩﻟﻴﻞ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺃﻥ ﺍﷲ‬

“All these are proofs that Allah has descended it (Al Quran) from Him from the
heaven.”
(AR – RAD ALAL JAHMIYYAH Pg 65)

Ø Reported by Ibn Abbaas:

14

‫ﻠﹾﻢ‬‫ﻲ ﻋ‬‫ ﻟ‬‫ﻠﹶﻢ‬‫ﻱ ﻓﹶﺎﻋ‬‫ﺍﺩ‬‫ﺬﹶﺍ ﺍﻟﹾﻮ‬‫ ﺇﹺﻟﹶﻰ ﻫ‬‫ﻛﹶﺐ‬‫ ﺍﺭ‬‫ﻴﻪ‬‫ﺄﹶﺧ‬‫ﻗﹶﺎﻝﹶ ﻟ‬

‫ﻠﱠﻢ‬‫ﺳ‬‫ ﻭ‬‫ﻪ‬‫ﻠﹶﻴ‬‫ ﻋ‬‫ﻠﱠﻰ ﺍﻟﻠﱠﻪ‬‫ﺻ‬

‫ﺒﹺﻲ‬‫ﺚﹸ ﺍﻟﻨ‬‫ﻌ‬‫ﺒ‬‫ ﻣ‬‫ﺎ ﺫﹶﺭ‬‫ﻠﹶﻎﹶ ﺃﹶﺑ‬‫ﺎ ﺑ‬‫ﻟﹶﻤ‬

‫ﻨﹺﻲ‬‫ ﺍﺋﹾﺘ‬‫ ﺛﹸﻢ‬‫ﻪ‬‫ﻟ‬‫ ﻗﹶﻮ‬‫ﻦ‬‫ ﻣ‬‫ﻊ‬‫ﻤ‬‫ﺍﺳ‬‫ﺎﺀِ ﻭ‬‫ﻤ‬‫ ﺍﻟﺴ‬‫ﻦ‬‫ ﻣ‬‫ﺮ‬‫ﺒ‬‫ ﺍﻟﹾﺨ‬‫ﻴﻪ‬‫ﺄﹾﺗ‬‫ ﻳ‬‫ﺒﹺﻲ‬‫ ﻧ‬‫ﻪ‬‫ ﺃﹶﻧ‬‫ﻢ‬‫ﻋ‬‫ﺰ‬‫ﻱ ﻳ‬‫ﻞﹺ ﺍﻟﱠﺬ‬‫ﺟ‬‫ﺬﹶﺍ ﺍﻟﺮ‬‫ﻫ‬
“When Abu Zarr learnt about the coming of the Prophet‫ ﺻﻠﻰ ﺍﷲ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ ﻭﺳﻠﻢ‬, he said
to his brother:
‘Go to that valley on your mount and inform me concerning that person who is
pretending that he is a Prophet and that information come to him from the
heavens. Listen to him (his words) and then you come to me.”
(BUKHARI 3572)

Allah is veiled and separated from His creatures.
Ø The Prophet ‫ ﺻﻠﻰ ﺍﷲ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ ﻭﺳﻠﻢ‬said with regards to Allah:

‫ﻪ‬‫ﻠﹾﻘ‬‫ ﺧ‬‫ﻦ‬‫ ﻣ‬‫ﻩ‬‫ﺮ‬‫ﺼ‬‫ ﺑ‬‫ﻪ‬‫ﻰ ﺇﹺﻟﹶﻴ‬‫ﻬ‬‫ﺘ‬‫ﺎ ﺍﻧ‬‫ ﻣ‬‫ﻬﹺﻪ‬‫ﺟ‬‫ ﻭ‬‫ﺎﺕ‬‫ﺤ‬‫ﺒ‬‫ ﺳ‬‫ﻗﹶﺖ‬‫ﺮ‬‫ ﻟﹶﺄﹶﺣ‬‫ﻔﹶﻪ‬‫ ﻛﹶﺸ‬‫ ﻟﹶﻮ‬‫ﻮﺭ‬‫ ﺍﻟﻨ‬‫ﻪ‬‫ﺎﺑ‬‫ﺠ‬‫ﺣ‬

“ His veil is made of Noor (light). If He would have taken off this veil, the

majesty of His face would have burnt all His creatures whom the gaze of Allah
encompasses.”
(MUSLIM 263)

Abu Sa’iid Ad – Darmi (280 H) said:

‫ﻓﻔﻲ ﻫﺬﺍ ﺃﻳﻀﺎ ﺩﻟﻴﻞ ﺃﻧﻪ ﺑﺎﺋﻦ ﻣﻦ ﺧﻠﻘﻪ ﳏﺘﺠﺐ ﻋﻨﻬﻢ‬

“In it also there is proof that He (Allah) is separated from His creatures, and He
is veiled from them.”
(AR-RAD ALAL – JAHMIYYAH Pg 73)

Talking concerning Aqueedah of the Ahlus–Sunnah, Ibn Abi Zamaniin (390 H)
said:

‫ﺑﺎﺋﻦ ﻣﻦ ﺧﻠﻘﻪ ﳏﺘﺠﺐ ﻋﻨﻬﻢ ﺑﺎﳊﺠﺐ‬

‫ﻋﺰﻭﺟﻞ‬

‫ﺃﻥ ﺍﷲ‬

“Allah is separated from His creatures. He is veiled from them by veils.”
(USOUL – US – SUNNAH Pg 106)

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Moosaa was inviting towards the Aqueedah that Allah is over the heavens
Ø Allah says:

‫ ﺇﹺﻟﹶﻰ‬‫ﻊ‬‫ ﻓﹶﺄﹶﻃﱠﻠ‬‫ﺍﺕ‬‫ﺎﻭ‬‫ﻤ‬‫ ﺍﻟﺴ‬‫ﺎﺏ‬‫ﺒ‬‫ ﺃﹶﺳ‬‫ﺎﺏ‬‫ﺒ‬‫ﻠﹸﻎﹸ ﺍﻟﹾﺄﹶﺳ‬‫ﻠﱢﻲ ﺃﹶﺑ‬‫ﺎ ﻟﹶﻌ‬‫ﺣ‬‫ﺮ‬‫ﻲ ﺻ‬‫ﻦﹺ ﻟ‬‫ﺎﻥﹸ ﺍﺑ‬‫ﺎﻣ‬‫ﺎﻫ‬‫ﻥﹸ ﻳ‬‫ﻮ‬‫ﻋ‬‫ﺮ‬‫ﻗﹶﺎﻝﹶ ﻓ‬‫ﻭ‬
‫ﺎ‬‫ﺑ‬‫ ﻛﹶﺎﺫ‬‫ﻪ‬‫ﻲ ﻟﹶﺄﹶﻇﹸﻨ‬‫ﺇﹺﻧ‬‫ﻰ ﻭ‬‫ﻮﺳ‬‫ ﻣ‬‫ﺇﹺﻟﹶﻪ‬
“And Fir’aun (Pharaoh) said: ‘Oh Haaman! Build me a tower that I may arrive
at the ways – The ways of the heavens, and I may look upon the Ilaah (God)
of Mousa; But verily, I think him to be a liar.” (Qur’an 40:36-37)
According to this verse, we understand that Moosaa must have told Firawn that Allah is over the heaven, and so, because of this, fir-awn had wanted to
arrange a tower to go and see where Moosaa’s God is.
Abu Sa’iid Ad – Daarmi (280 H) said:

‫ﻓﻔﻲ ﻫﺬﻩ ﺍﻵﻳﺔ ﺑﻴﺎﻥ ﺑﲔ ﻭﺩﻻﻟﺔ ﻇﺎﻫﺮﺓ ﺃﻥ ﻣﻮﺳﻰ ﻛﺎﻥ ﻳﺪﻋﻮ ﻓﺮﻋﻮﻥ ﺇﱃ ﻣﻌﺮﻓﺔ ﺍﷲ ﺑﺄﻧﻪ ﻓﻮﻕ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺴﻤﺎﺀ ﻓﻤﻦ ﺃﺟﻞ ﺫﻟﻚ ﺃﻣﺮ ﺑﺒﻨﺎﺀ ﺍﻟﺼﺮﺡ ﻭﺭﺍﻡ ﺍﻻﻃﻼﻉ ﺇﻟﻴﻪ‬
“In this verse there is a clear statement (declaration) and an obvious indication
that Moosaa was preaching to Fir-awn that Allah is over the heavens. This is why
he ordered the building of the monument and he wanted to know Him.”
(AR – RAD ALAL – JAHMIYYAH Pg 45)

Imaam At – Twabari (310 H) said:

‫ﻭﺇﱐ ﻷﻇﻦ ﻣﻮﺳﻰ ﻛﺎﺫﺑﺎ ﻓﻴﻤﺎ ﻳﻘﻮﻝ ﻭﻳﺪﻋﻲ ﻣﻦ ﺃﻥ ﻟﻪ ﰲ ﺍﻟﺴﻤﺎﺀ ﺭﺑﺎ ﺃﺭﺳﻠﻪ ﺇﻟﻴﻨﺎ‬

“(Fir-awn) said: ‘I think that Moosaa is a liar in what he is saying and he is
pretending that he has a Rab above the heaven who sent him to us.”
(JAAMI – UL – BAYAAN 24/66)

16

We raise hands towards the skies to supplicate (ask Du’aa)
Islam has taught us to raise our two hands towards the heaven when we
supplicate. This is a proof that Allah is not everywhere, but He is above the
heaven.
Ø The Prophet said:

‫ﺎ‬‫ﻤ‬‫ﻫ‬‫ﺩ‬‫ﺮ‬‫ ﺃﹶﻥﹾ ﻳ‬‫ﻪ‬‫ ﺇﹺﻟﹶﻴ‬‫ﻪ‬‫ﻳ‬‫ﺪ‬‫ ﻳ‬‫ﻓﹶﻊ‬‫ ﺇﹺﺫﹶﺍ ﺭ‬‫ﻩ‬‫ﺪ‬‫ﺒ‬‫ ﻋ‬‫ﻦ‬‫ﻴﹺﻲ ﻣ‬‫ﺤ‬‫ﺘ‬‫ﺴ‬‫ ﻳ‬‫ ﻛﹶﺮﹺﱘ‬‫ﻴﹺﻲ‬‫ﺎﻟﹶﻰ ﺣ‬‫ﻌ‬‫ﺗ‬‫ ﻭ‬‫ﻙ‬‫ﺎﺭ‬‫ﺒ‬‫ ﺗ‬‫ﻜﹸﻢ‬‫ﺑ‬‫ﺇﹺﻥﱠ ﺭ‬
‫ﺍ‬‫ﻔﹾﺮ‬‫ﺻ‬
“Your Rab is modest and generous; He is ashamed when His slave raises his
two hands towards Him (to supplicate Allah), and for Him to return these two
hands empty (without giving him anything)
(ABU DAWOUD 1273)

Ø Reported by Usaamah ibn Zayd:

‫ﻠﹶﻰ‬‫ ﻋ‬‫ﻠﹾﺖ‬‫ﺧ‬‫ ﻓﹶﺪ‬‫ﺔ‬‫ﻳﻨ‬‫ﺪ‬‫ﻲ ﺇﹺﻟﹶﻰ ﺍﻟﹾﻤ‬‫ﻌ‬‫ ﻣ‬‫ﺎﺱ‬‫ﻂﹶ ﺍﻟﻨ‬‫ﺒ‬‫ﻫ‬‫ ﻭ‬‫ﻄﹾﺖ‬‫ﺒ‬‫ﻫ‬

‫ﻠﱠﻢ‬‫ﺳ‬‫ ﻭ‬‫ﻪ‬‫ﻠﹶﻴ‬‫ ﻋ‬‫ﻠﱠﻰ ﺍﻟﻠﱠﻪ‬‫ﺻ‬

‫ﺎ‬‫ﻬ‬‫ﺒ‬‫ﺼ‬‫ ﻳ‬‫ﺎﺀِ ﺛﹸﻢ‬‫ﻤ‬‫ ﺇﹺﻟﹶﻰ ﺍﻟﺴ‬‫ﻪ‬‫ﻳ‬‫ﺪ‬‫ ﻳ‬‫ﻓﹶﻊ‬‫ﺮ‬‫ﻞﹶ ﻳ‬‫ﻌ‬‫ ﻓﹶﺠ‬‫ﻜﹶﻠﱠﻢ‬‫ﺘ‬‫ ﻓﹶﻠﹶﺎ ﻳ‬‫ﺖ‬‫ﻤ‬‫ ﺃﹶﺻ‬‫ﻗﹶﺪ‬‫ﻭ‬

‫ﻮﻝﹸ ﺍﻟﻠﱠﻪ‬‫ﺳ‬‫ﺎ ﺛﹶﻘﹸﻞﹶ ﺭ‬‫ﻟﹶﻤ‬
‫ﻠﱠﻢ‬‫ﺳ‬‫ ﻭ‬‫ﻪ‬‫ﻠﹶﻴ‬‫ ﻋ‬‫ﺻﻠﱠﻰ ﺍﻟﻠﱠﻪ‬

‫ﻮﻝﹺ ﺍﻟﻠﱠﻪ‬‫ﺳ‬‫ﺭ‬

‫ﻲ‬‫ﻮ ﻟ‬‫ﻋ‬‫ﺪ‬‫ ﻳ‬‫ﻪ‬‫ ﺃﹶﻧ‬‫ﺮﹺﻑ‬‫ ﺃﹶﻋ‬‫ﻠﹶﻲ‬‫ﻋ‬
“When the Messenger of Allah was extremely ill, I went to Madinah
accompanied by some people. I entered the Messenger of Allah’s place, he
was quiet and he was no longer talking. He raised his two hands towards the
heaven and then he bent them towards me. (By this) I came to know that he
was supplicating (asking du’aa) for me.”
(AHMAD 20760)

Ø Ibn Abdil Bar (463 H) said:
17

‫ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﻟﻌﺮﺵ ﻓﻮﻕ ﺍﻟﺴﻤﻮﺍﺕ ﺍﻟﺴﺒﻊ ﺃﻥ ﺍﳌﻮﺣﺪﻳﻦ ﺃﲨﻌﲔ‬

‫ﻋﺰ ﻭﺟﻞ‬

‫ﻭﻣﻦ ﺍﳊﺠﺔ ﺃﻳﻀﺎ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺃﻧﻪ‬

‫ﻢ ﺷﺪﺓ ﺭﻓﻌﻮﺍ ﻭﺟﻮﻫﻬﻢ ﺇﱃ ﺍﻟﺴﻤﺎﺀ‬ ‫ﻢ ﺃﻣﺮ ﺃﻭ ﻧﺰﻟﺖ‬‫ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﻌﺮﺏ ﻭﺍﻟﻌﺠﻢ ﺇﺫﺍ ﻛﺮ‬
‫ﺗﺒﺎﺭﻙ ﻭﺗﻌﺎﱃ‬

‫ﻢ‬‫ﻳﺴﺘﻐﻴﺜﻮﻥ ﺭ‬

“Again among the proofs that (Allah) He is over the throne, High above the
seven heavens, is that all the Muwahhid (monotheists – believers) – among
the arabs and non-arabs – when something has caused their sorrow or a
difficulty has strike them, they raise their face towards the heaven seeking
help from their Rab.”
(AT-TAMHIID 7/134)

The Prophet pointed to Allah towards the heavens
‫اﻹﺷﺎرة إﻟﻰ اﻟﺴﻤﺎء‬
Ø Reported by Jaabir:

“On the day of Arafat (10 H), the Prophet made a sermon (khutbah), and in it
he said:

‫ﻠﹸﻮﻥﹶ‬‫ ﻗﹶﺎﺋ‬‫ﻢ‬‫ﺘ‬‫ﺎ ﺃﹶﻧ‬‫ﻲ ﻓﹶﻤ‬‫ﻨ‬‫ﺄﹶﻟﹸﻮﻥﹶ ﻋ‬‫ﺴ‬‫ ﺗ‬‫ﻢ‬‫ﺘ‬‫ﺃﹶﻧ‬‫ﻭ‬

‘You will be questioned concerning me, and so, what will you say?’
The companions of the Holy Prophet replied:

‫ﺖ‬‫ﺤ‬‫ﺼ‬‫ﻧ‬‫ ﻭ‬‫ﺖ‬‫ﻳ‬‫ﺃﹶﺩ‬‫ ﻭ‬‫ﺖ‬‫ﻠﱠﻐ‬‫ ﺑ‬‫ ﻗﹶﺪ‬‫ﻚ‬‫ ﺃﹶﻧ‬‫ﺪ‬‫ﻬ‬‫ﺸ‬‫ﻗﹶﺎﻟﹸﻮﺍ ﻧ‬

‘We bear witness that you have conveyed (the message), you have fulfilled
(your mission) and you have advised (this Ummah).’

‫ﺪ‬‫ﻬ‬‫ ﺍﺷ‬‫ﻢ‬‫ ﺍﻟﻠﱠﻬ‬‫ﺪ‬‫ﻬ‬‫ ﺍﺷ‬‫ﻢ‬‫ﺎﺱﹺ ﺍﻟﻠﱠﻬ‬‫ﺎ ﺇﹺﻟﹶﻰ ﺍﻟﻨ‬‫ﻬ‬‫ﻜﹸﺘ‬‫ﻨ‬‫ﻳ‬‫ﺎﺀِ ﻭ‬‫ﻤ‬‫ﺎ ﺇﹺﻟﹶﻰ ﺍﻟﺴ‬‫ﻬ‬‫ﻓﹶﻌ‬‫ﺮ‬‫ ﻳ‬‫ﺔ‬‫ﺎﺑ‬‫ﺒ‬‫ ﺍﻟﺴ‬‫ﻪ‬‫ﻌ‬‫ﺒ‬‫ﻓﹶﻘﹶﺎﻝﹶ ﺑﹺﺈﹺﺻ‬
‫ﺍﺕ‬‫ﺮ‬‫ﺛﹶﻠﹶﺎﺙﹶ ﻣ‬

18

So, the Prophet‫ ﺻﻠﻰ ﺍﷲ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ ﻭﺳﻠﻢ‬pointed with his forefinger towards the heavens and
then towards the people and said:
‘Oh Allah, bear witness! Oh Allah bear witness! three times.”
(MUSLIM 2137)

Allah’s Names
Among the names that Allah has, some names indicate that Allah is
high up. Those names are:

‫ )ﺍﻷﻋﻠﻰ‬Al-A’laa

(

‫ )ﺍﻟﻌﻠﻲ‬Al-Aliyyu

(

‫ )ﺍﳌﺘﻌﺎﻝ‬Al-Muta-'aal

(

Ø Allah says:

‫ﻠﹶﻰ‬‫ ﺍﻟﹾﺄﹶﻋ‬‫ﻚ‬‫ﺑ‬‫ ﺭ‬‫ﻢ‬‫ﺢﹺ ﺍﺳ‬‫ﺒ‬‫ﺳ‬

“Glorify the Name of your Lord, the Most High.” (Qur’an 87:1)
Ibn Khuzaymah (311 H) said:

‫ﻓﺎﻷﻋﻠﻰ ﻣﻔﻬﻮﻡ ﰲ ﺍﻟﻠﻐﺔ ﺃﻧﻪ ﺃﻋﻠﻰ ﻛﻞ ﺷﻲﺀ ﻭﻓﻮﻕ ﻛﻞ ﺷﻲﺀ‬

“Al – A’laa is understood in language that He is higher than everything and He is
above everything.”
(KITAB – UT TAWHEED Pg 74)

Ø Allah says:

‫ﻴﻢ‬‫ﻈ‬‫ ﺍﻟﹾﻌ‬‫ﻲ‬‫ﻠ‬‫ ﺍﻟﹾﻌ‬‫ﻮ‬‫ﻫ‬‫ﻭ‬

“And He is the Most High, the Most Great.” (Qur’an 2:255)

19

Ø Allah says:

‫ﺎﻝﹺ‬‫ﻌ‬‫ﺘ‬‫ ﺍﻟﹾﻤ‬‫ ﺍﻟﹾﻜﹶﺒﹺﲑ‬‫ﺓ‬‫ﺎﺩ‬‫ﻬ‬‫ﺍﻟﺸ‬‫ﺐﹺ ﻭ‬‫ﻐﻴ‬ ‫ ﺍﻟﹾ‬‫ﻢ‬‫ﺎﻟ‬‫ﻋ‬
“All – Knower of the Unseen and the seen, the Most Great, the Most High.”
(Qur’an 13:9)

IJMAA’ (Consensus) of the companions of the Prophet.
The Swahaabah have always held the belief that Allah is above His throne
above the seven heavens.
Ø Reported by Ibn Umar that when the Prophet ‫ ﺻﻠﻰ ﺍﷲ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ ﻭﺳﻠﻢ‬died, Abu Bakr
said:

‫ﺃﻳﻬﺎ ﺍﻟﻨﺎﺱ ﺇﻥ ﻛﺎﻥ ﳏﻤﺪ ﺇﳍﻜﻢ ﺍﻟﺬﻱ ﺗﻌﺒﺪﻭﻥ ﻓﺈﻥ ﺇﳍﻜﻢ ﻗﺪ ﻣﺎﺕ ﻭﺇﻥ ﻛﺎﻥ ﺇﳍﻜﻢ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺬﻱ ﰲ ﺍﻟﺴﻤﺎﺀ ﺇﳍﻜﻢ ﱂ ﳝﺖ‬
“Oh people, if Muhammad was your ilaah whom you worshiped, then, (know
that) your ilaah is already dead. And if your Ilaah Who is over the heavens is
your Ilaah, then, He is not dead.”
(IBN ABI SHAYBAH 7/427)

Ø Reported by Zakwaan:

“When Aaishah was near her death, Ibn Abbaas asked permission to visit her,
and then he said to her:

20

‫ﻮﻝﹸ ﺍﻟﻠﱠﻪ‬‫ﺳ‬‫ ﺭ‬‫ﻜﹸﻦ‬‫ ﻳ‬‫ﻟﹶﻢ‬‫ﻭ‬

‫ ﻠﱠﻢ‬‫ﺳ‬‫ ﻭ‬‫ﻪ‬‫ﻠﹶﻴ‬‫ ﻋ‬‫ﻠﱠﻰ ﺍﻟﻠﱠ ﻪ‬‫ﺻ‬

‫ﻮﻝﹺ ﺍﻟﻠﱠﻪ‬‫ﺳ‬‫ﺇﹺﻟﹶﻰ ﺭ‬

‫ ﻠﱠﻢ‬‫ﺳ‬‫ ﻭ‬‫ﻪ‬‫ﻠﹶﻴ‬‫ ﻋ‬‫ﺻﻠﱠﻰ ﺍﻟﻠﱠ ﻪ‬

‫ﻮﻝﹺ ﺍﻟﻠﱠﻪ‬‫ﺳ‬‫ﺎﺀِ ﺭ‬‫ ﻧﹺﺴ‬‫ﺐ‬‫ ﺃﹶﺣ‬‫ﺖ‬‫ﻛﹸﻨ‬

‫ﻭﺡ‬‫ ﺍﻟﺮ‬‫ﺎﺀَ ﺑﹺﻪ‬‫ ﺟ‬‫ﺍﺕ‬‫ﻮ‬‫ﻤ‬‫ﻊﹺ ﺳ‬‫ﺒ‬‫ﻕﹺ ﺳ‬‫ ﻓﹶﻮ‬‫ﻦ‬‫ ﻣ‬‫ﻚ‬‫ﺍﺀَﺗ‬‫ﺮ‬‫ ﺑ‬‫ﻝﹶ ﺍﻟﻠﱠﻪ‬‫ﺰ‬‫ﺃﹶﻧ‬‫ ﻭ‬... ‫ﺎ‬‫ﺒ‬‫ ﺇﹺﻟﱠﺎ ﻃﹶﻴ‬‫ﺐ‬‫ﺤ‬‫ﻳ‬

‫ﻠﱠﻢ‬‫ﺳ‬‫ ﻭ‬‫ﻪ‬‫ﻠﹶﻴ‬‫ ﻋ‬‫ﻠﱠﻰ ﺍﻟﻠﱠﻪ‬‫ﺻ‬

‫ﲔ‬‫ﺍﻟﹾﺄﹶﻣ‬
‘Among the wives of the Messenger of Allah ‫ ﺻﻠﻰ ﺍﷲ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ ﻭﺳﻠﻢ‬, he loved you the
most, and he did not love except which is good …… Allah Ta’laa has sent
proof of your innocence through jibreal from above the seven heavens.”
(AHMAD 1/276/2366)

Ø Ibn Abbaas said:

‫ﳌﺎ ﻛﻠﻢ ﺍﷲ ﻣﻮﺳﻰ ﻛﺎﻥ ﺍﻟﻨﺪﺍﺀ ﰲ ﺍﻟﺴﻤﺎﺀ ﻭﻛﺎﻥ ﺍﷲ ﰲ ﺍﻟﺴﻤﺎﺀ‬

“When Allah talked to Mousaa, the call was (from) above the heavens, and
Allah was over the heavens.”
(KHALQ – AF – AALIL IBAAD Pg 41)

Ø Reported by Anas:

‫ﻨﹺﻲ ﺍﻟﻠﱠﻪ‬‫ﺟ‬‫ﻭ‬‫ﺯ‬‫ ﻭ‬‫ﻴﻜﹸﻦ‬‫ﺎﻟ‬‫ ﺃﹶﻫ‬‫ﻜﹸﻦ‬‫ﺟ‬‫ﻭ‬‫ﻘﹸﻮﻝﹸ ﺯ‬‫ﺗ‬

‫ ﻠﱠﻢ‬‫ﺳ‬‫ ﻭ‬‫ﻪ‬‫ﻠﹶﻴ‬‫ ﻋ‬‫ﺻﻠﱠﻰ ﺍﻟﻠﱠﻪ‬

‫ﺒﹺﻲ‬‫ﺍﺝﹺ ﺍﻟﻨ‬‫ﻭ‬‫ﻠﹶﻰ ﺃﹶﺯ‬‫ ﻋ‬‫ﺮ‬‫ﻔﹾﺨ‬‫ ﺗ‬‫ﺐ‬‫ﻨ‬‫ﻳ‬‫ ﺯ‬‫ﺖ‬‫ﻓﹶﻜﹶﺎﻧ‬

‫ﺍﺕ‬‫ﻮ‬‫ﻤ‬‫ﻊﹺ ﺳ‬‫ﺒ‬‫ﻕﹺ ﺳ‬‫ ﻓﹶﻮ‬‫ﻦ‬‫ﺎﻟﹶﻰ ﻣ‬‫ﻌ‬‫ﺗ‬
“Zaynab bintu Jahsh used to boast to the (other) wives of the Prophe t( ‫ﺻﻠﻰ ﺍﷲ‬
‫) ﻋﻠﻴﻪ ﻭﺳﻠﻢ‬

‘As for you, your family arranged your marriages, butas for me, Allah
arranged my marriage from above the seven heavens.”
(BUKHARI, IBN SA’D 6870, Refer to Qur’an 33:37)

21

IJMAA’ (Consensus) of the Ulamaa.
The trustworthy Ulamaa have always had the conception that Allah is over
His throne.
Ø Ayyoub As – Sakhtiyaani (131 H) said concerning the Mu’tazilah:

‫ﺇﳕﺎ ﻣﺪﺍﺭ ﺍﻟﻘﻮﻡ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺃﻥ ﻳﻘﻮﻟﻮﺍ ﻟﻴﺲ ﰲ ﺍﻟﺴﻤﺎﺀ ﺷﻲﺀ‬

“The thing on which they revolve is that they say that there is no one over the
heavens.”
(SIYAR 6/24)

By these words, we understand that by denying the attributes of Allah,
those who claim that Allah everywhere are indirectly denying the existence of
Allah who is over the heavens.

Ø Al – Awzaaii (157 H) said:

‫ﻛﻨﺎ ﻭﺍﻟﺘﺎﺑﻌﻮﻥ ﻣﺘﻮﺍﻓﺮﻭﻥ ﻧﻘﻮﻝ ﺇﻥ ﺍﷲ ﻋﻠﻰ ﻋﺮﺷﻪ ﻭﻧﺆﻣﻦ ﲟﺎ ﻭﺭﺩﺕ ﺑﻪ ﺍﻟﺴﻨﺔ ﻣﻦ‬
‫ﺻﻔﺎﺗﻪ‬
“We were saying (this) and the Taabeiin were in great number:
‘Allah is over His Throne, and we believe (have faith/Imaan) in His attributes
which have been mentioned in the Sunnah.”
(FAT – HUL – BAARI 13/406, K.A.S BAIHAQI No 865)

Ø Reported by Abu Mutwii’ Al – Baalkhi (199 H):

‫ﺳﺄﻟﺖ ﺃﺑﺎ ﺣﻨﻴﻔﺔ ﻋﻤﻦ ﻳﻘﻮﻝ ﻻ ﺃﻋﺮﻑ ﺭﰊ ﰲ ﺍﻟﺴﻤﺎﺀ ﺃﻭ ﰲ ﺍﻷﺭﺽ ﻓﻘﺎﻝ ﻗﺪ ﻛﻔﺮ‬
‫ﻯ( ﻭﻋﺮﺷﻪ ﻓﻮﻕ ﲰﺎﻭﺍﺗﻪ‬‫ﻮ‬‫ﺘ‬‫ﺵﹺ ﺍﺳ‬‫ﺮ‬‫ﻠﹶﻰ ﺍﻟﹾﻌ‬‫ﺎﻥﹸ ﻋ‬‫ﻤ‬‫ﺣ‬‫ﻷﻥ ﺍﷲ ﺗﻌﺎﱃ ﻳﻘﻮﻝ )ﺍﻟﺮ‬
“I asked Imaam Abu Haniifah (150 H) concerning one who says:

22

‘I don’t know if my Rab is over the heavens or on the earth.’
He replied:
‘He has committed kufr (disbelief) because Allah is saying: Ar Rahmaan is
elevated over the throne, and His Throne is above His heavens.”
(MUKHTASWAR – UL – ULU’ Pg 136, AWN – UL – MA’BOUD 9/76)

Ø Sulaymaan Ibn Bilaal At – Taymi (172 H) said:

‫ﻟﻘﻠﺖ ﰲ ﺍﻟﺴﻤﺎﺀ‬

‫ﺗﺒﺎﺭﻙ ﻭﺗﻌﺎﱃ‬

‫ﻟﻮ ﺳﺌﻠﺖ ﺃﻳﻦ ﺍﷲ‬

“If I am questionned about where Allah is, I will say that He is over the heavens.”
(AL – LAALAKAAI – 13/401/671)

Ø Reported by Ali Ibnul Hassan:

‫ﻗﺎﻝ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﻟﺴﻤﺎﺀ ﺍﻟﺴﺎﺑﻌﺔ‬

‫ﻋﺰ ﻭﺟﻞ‬

‫ﺳﺄﻟﺖ ﻋﺒﺪﺍﷲ ﺑﻦ ﺍﳌﺒﺎﺭﻙ ﻛﻴﻒ ﻳﻨﺒﻐﻲ ﻟﻨﺎ ﺃﻥ ﻧﻌﺮﻑ ﺭﺑﻨﺎ‬

‫ﻋﻠﻰ ﻋﺮﺷﻪ ﺑﺎﺋﻦ ﻣﻦ ﺧﻠﻘﻪ ﻭﻻ ﻧﻘﻮﻝ ﻛﻤﺎ ﺗﻘﻮﻝ ﺍﳉﻬﻤﻴﺔ ﺃﻧﻪ ﻫﺎ ﻫﻨﺎ ﰲ ﺍﻷﺭﺽ‬
“I asked Abdullah Ibnul Mubaarak (181 H):
‘How must we know our Rab?’
So he replied:
“ above the seventh heaven, above His Throne, separated from His
creatures. We do not say like the Jahmiyyah who say that He is here on
earth.”
(AS – SUNNAH by Abdullah 1/111/22, 1/175/216)

Ø Abdur Rahmaan Ibn Mahdi (198 H) said:

‫ﺇﻥ ﺍﳉﻬﻤﻴﺔ ﺃﺭﺍﺩﻭﺍ ﺃﻥ ﻳﻨﻔﻮﺍ ﺃﻥ ﻳﻜﻮﻥ ﺍﷲ ﻛﻠﻢ ﻣﻮﺳﻰ ﻭﺃﻥ ﻳﻜﻮﻥ ﺍﺳﺘﻮﻯ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﻟﻌﺮﺵ‬
‫ﺃﺭﻯ ﺃﻥ ﻳﺴﺘﺘﺎﺑﻮﺍ ﻓﺈﻥ ﺗﺎﺑﻮﺍ ﻭﺇﻻ ﺿﺮﺑﺖ ﺃﻋﻨﺎﻗﻬﻢ‬
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“The Jahmiyyah wanted to deny that Allah talked to Moosaa and that Allah is
Istawaa over the throne. My opinion (concerning them) is that they should be
asked to do Tawbah (repentance). If they do Tawbah (it is good). Or else they
should be beheaded.”
(SIYAR 9/199)

Ø Muhammad Ibn Mus’ab (228 H) said:

‫ﺃﺷﻬﺪ ﺃﻧﻚ ﻓﻮﻕ ﺍﻟﻌﺮﺵ ﻓﻮﻕ ﺳﺒﻊ ﲰﺎﻭﺍﺕ ﻟﻴﺲ ﻛﻤﺎ ﻳﻘﻮﻝ ﺃﻋﺪﺍﺅﻙ ﺍﻟﺰﻧﺎﺩﻗﺔ‬

“(Oh Allah) I testify that You are above the throne, above the seven heavens. Not
like the infidels, who are the enemies of Allah, say.”
(A.S. DAARQUTNI 1/43/64)

Ø Qutaybah Ibn Sa’iid (240 H) said:

‫ﰲ ﺍﻟﺴﻤﺎﺀ‬

‫ﻋﺰ ﻭﺟﻞ‬

‫ ﻧﻌﺮﻑ ﺭﺑﻨﺎ‬: ‫ﻫﺬﺍ ﻗﻮﻝ ﺍﻷﺋﻤﺔ ﰲ ﺍﻹﺳﻼﻡ ﻭﺃﻫﻞ ﺍﻟﺴﻨﺔ ﻭﺍﳉﻤﺎﻋﺔ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺴﺎﺑﻌﺔ ﻋﻠﻰ ﻋﺮﺷﻪ‬

“This is the saying of the Imaams of Islam, and (Aqeedah) of Ahl – us – Sunnah wal – Jamaa’ah: We know that our Rab is above the seventh heaven over His
Throne.”
(SIYAR 11/20)

Ø Abu Bakr Al – Khallaal (311 H) said:

‫ ﻛﻼﻣﻬﻢ ﻛﻠﻪ‬... ‫ﻭﺳﺌﻞ ﺍﻹﻣﺎﻡ ﺃﲪﺪ ﻋﻤﻦ ﻳﻘﻮﻝ ﺇﻥ ﺍﷲ ﺗﻌﺎﱃ ﻟﻴﺲ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﻟﻌﺮﺵ ﻓﻘﺎﻝ‬
‫ﻳﺪﻭﺭ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﻟﻜﻔﺮ‬
“Imaam Ahmad was questioned concerning one who says that Allah is not over
the throne, and he replied: ‘All their words are based on disbelief (kufr).”
(IJTIMAA – UL – JUYOUSH Pg 200)

24

Ø Al – Muzani (246 H) said:

‫ﻻ ﻳﺼﺢ ﻷﺣﺪ ﺗﻮﺣﻴﺪ ﺣﱴ ﻳﻌﻠﻢ ﺃﻥ ﺍﷲ ﺗﻌﺎﱃ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﻟﻌﺮﺵ ﺑﺼﻔﺎﺗﻪ‬

“Nobody’s Tawheed is valid until he acknowledges that Allah Ta’aalaa is over
(His) Throne, along with His attributes (Swifaat).”
(SIYAR 12/494)

Ø The Fatwaa Committee of Saudi Arabia said:

‫ ﻓﺈﻥ ﺍﻧﻘﺎﺩ ﳌﺎ ﺩﻝ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ ﺍﻟﻜﺘﺎﺏ‬... ‫ﻣﻦ ﺍﻋﺘﻘﺪ ﺃﻥ ﺍﷲ ﰲ ﻛﻞ ﻣﻜﺎﻥ ﻓﻬﻮ ﻣﻦ ﺍﳊﻠﻮﻟﻴﺔ‬
‫ﻭﺍﻟﺴﻨﺔ ﻭﺍﻹﲨﺎﻉ ﻭﺇﻻ ﻓﻬﻮ ﻛﺎﻓﺮ ﻣﺮﺗﺪ ﻋﻦ ﺍﻹﺳﻼﻡ‬
“He who has the conception that Allah is everywhere, in fact he is among the
Hulouliyyah (those who believe that Allah is living in His creatures) …. If he
submits to what Al – Kitaab, As – Sunnah and Ijmaa' have proven, (it is this
which is compulsory on him), otherwise he is a kaafir (non – believer) who has
given up (abandon) Islaam.”
(FATAAWALLAJNAH 3/160/5213)

Reason
Ø For us to understand where Allah is, we have to ask ourselves a question:
What did Allah do when He created the world?
There are 3 possible answers to this question:
a) Either Allah created the world, and then He entered this world.
b) Either Allah created the world in Himself.
c) Or Allah created the world separated from His Zaat (self).
As answer to this question, Ibn Taymiyyah said:

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‫ﻟﻴﺲ‬

‫ﺳﺒﺤﺎﻧﻪ ﻭﺗﻌﺎﱃ‬

‫ﻭﻗﺪ ﻋﻠﻢ ﺃﻧﻪ ﻣﺎ ﰒ ﻣﻮﺟﻮﺩ ﺇﻻ ﺍﳋﺎﻟﻖ ﻭﺍﳌﺨﻠﻮﻕ ﻭﺍﳋﺎﻟﻖ ﻣﺒﺎﻳﻦ ﻟﻠﻤﺨﻠﻮﻕ‬
‫ﰲ ﳐﻠﻮﻗﺎﺗﻪ ﺷﻲﺀ ﻣﻦ ﺫﺍﺗﻪ ﻭﻻ ﰲ ﺫﺍﺗﻪ ﺷﻲﺀ ﻣﻦ ﳐﻠﻮﻗﺎﺗﻪ‬

“It is known that there is nothing in existence except the Creator and the created.
The Creator is separated from the created. Nothing from His essence (Zaat)
dwells in His creatures, and nothing among His creatures dwells in His essence
(Zaat).”
(AT – TADMOURIYYAH Pg 45)

Therefore, if we agree that Allah created the world separated from His
Zaat, we must agree that Allah is not present with His essence in this world. And
if we agree that Allah is not present with His essence in this world, then the
question arises:
Where is ALLAH?
Those who claim that this question is not acceptable with regards to Allah
since Allah cannot be characterized by a place, are disapproved by the best of
people through whom the affairs of this deen was established – Prophet
Muhammad himself. We already mentioned earlier the hadeeth of the slave girl

‫ ﺍﻟﻠﱠﻪ‬‫ﻦ‬‫ﺎ ﺃﹶﻳ‬‫… ﻓﹶﻘﹶﺎﻝﹶ ﻟﹶﻬ‬

… he asked her: ‘Where is Allah?’…
This question was first formulated by our beloved prophet himself. Ald he was
satisfied with the answer of the slave girl who replied Allah is above the heavens.
We have also seen that according to the Qur’aan and Hadith, Ijmaa’
(consensus), reason and the human natural instinct, Allah is above His Throne,
above the seventh heaven. However you must be aware oh reader that those
misguided people among the Sufis and other than them who are preaching that
Allah is everywhere are threading the path of destruction. Also know, O reader,
that some of these misguided people go to the extreme of saying that everything
that exists, exists within Allah and that nothing but Allah exists.

26

We keep All valuable things at high levels, and we keep all invaluable things, at
low levels. Certainly our Creator most high has more value than anything else.
High is He above His creation.
If we say that Allah’s essence is present everywhere, we have to acknowledge
that Allah also present in evil places on earth like the lavatories, clubs and pubs
and in other dirty places. This should be sufficient for any believing intelligent
muslim to understand that Allaah – with His essence (Zaat) – is not present
everywhere in His creations. But He is over His Throne, above the seventh
heaven.
Abu Bakr Al – Baaqillani (403 H) said:

‫ﻓﺈﻥ ﻗﻴﻞ ﻓﻬﻞ ﺗﻘﻮﻟﻮﻥ ﺇﻧﻪ ﰲ ﻛﻞ ﻣﻜﺎﻥ ﻗﻴﻞ ﻣﻌﺎﺫ ﺍﷲ ﺑﻞ ﻫﻮ ﻣﺴﺘﻮ ﻋﻠﻰ ﻋﺮﺷﻪ ﻛﻤﺎ‬
‫ﻯ( ﻭﻟﻮ ﻛﺎﻥ ﰲ ﻛﻞ ﻣﻜﺎﻥ ﻟﻜﺎﻥ ﰲ ﺑﻄﻦ‬‫ﻮ‬‫ﺘ‬‫ﺵﹺ ﺍﺳ‬‫ﺮ‬‫ﻠﹶﻰ ﺍﻟﹾﻌ‬‫ﺎﻥﹸ ﻋ‬‫ﻤ‬‫ﺣ‬‫ﺃﺧﱪ ﰲ ﻛﺘﺎﺑﻪ )ﺍﻟﺮ‬
‫ﺍﻹﻧﺴﺎﻥ ﻭﻓﻤﻪ ﻭﰲ ﺍﳊﺸﻮﺵ‬
“If they ask: ‘Do you say that He (Allah) is everywhere?’
We reply: ‘We seek refuge (from such a word). But He is elevated over His
throne in the manner He has informed (us) in His Book: Ar – Rahmaan is
Istawaa (elevated) over the Throne …… If He is everywhere, He had to be in
the human’s tummy, in their mouth, and (also) in the toilets.”
(SIYAR 17/558, HAASHIYAH IBN – IL QAYYIM 13/36)

When people go to extremes in their beliefs, Allah subjects them to utter
confusion. How can these misguided people show repulsion when a piece of
paper with Allah’s name is taken to a impure place such as while they hold the
corrupted belief that Allah in His pure essence is present in those very places.

27

Pretending that Allah is everywhere, is agreeing with the idol worshippers – those
who say that we are not worshipping the idols, but we are worshipping the god
who lives in these idols.
He who says that Allah is everywhere, is indirectly saying that Allah exists in
several parts, one part of Allah in Insaan (Man), another part in fish, another part
in trees, another part in rocks, another part in the sea …. Etc. Based on this,
some individuals among the misguided ones have claimed that he who is
worshipping a piece of rock, is in fact, worshipping Allah Himself.

The Human Natural Instinct.
Human natural instinct also proves to us that Allah is above his creation.
When a person faces difficulties, instinctly he raises his two hands towards the
heaven to supplicate, and to seek help.
Reported by Muhammad Ibn Twaahir Al – Maqdisi (507 H):

‫ﺣﻀﺮ ﺍﶈﺪﺙ ﺃﺑﻮ ﺟﻌﻔﺮ ﺍﳍﻤﺬﺍﱐ ﰲ ﳎﻠﺲ ﻭﻋﻆ ﺃﰊ ﺍﳌﻌﺎﱄ ﻓﻘﺎﻝ ﻛﺎﻥ ﺍﷲ ﻭﻻ ﻋﺮﺵ‬
‫ﻭﻫﻮ ﺍﻵﻥ ﻋﻠﻰ ﻣﺎ ﻛﺎﻥ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ ﻓﻘﺎﻝ ﺃﺑﻮ ﺟﻌﻔﺮ ﺃﺧﱪﻧﺎ ﻳﺎ ﺃﺳﺘﺎﺫ ﻋﻦ ﻫﺬﻩ ﺍﻟﻀﺮﻭﺭﺓ ﺍﻟﱵ‬
‫ﳒﺪﻫﺎ ﻣﺎ ﻗﺎﻝ ﻋﺎﺭﻑ ﻗﻂ ﻳﺎ ﺍﷲ ﺇﻻ ﻭﺟﺪ ﻣﻦ ﻗﻠﺒﻪ ﺿﺮﻭﺭﺓ ﺗﻄﻠﺐ ﺍﻟﻌﻠﻮ ﻭﻻ ﻳﻠﺘﻔﺖ ﳝﻨﺔ‬
‫ﻭﻻ ﻳﺴﺮﺓ ﻓﻜﻴﻒ ﻧﺪﻓﻊ ﻫﺬﻩ ﺍﻟﻀﺮﻭﺭﺓ ﻋﻦ ﺃﻧﻔﺴﻨﺎ ﺃﻭ ﻗﺎﻝ ﻓﻬﻞ ﻋﻨﺪﻙ ﻫﺬﻩ ﺍﻟﻀﺮﻭﺭﺓ ﺍﻟﱵ ﳒﺪﻫﺎ ﻓﻘﺎﻝ ﻳﺎ ﺣﺒﻴﱯ‬
‫ﻣﺎ ﰒ ﺇﻻ ﺍﳊﲑﺓ ﻭﻟﻄﻢ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺭﺃﺳﻪ ﻭﻧﺰﻝ‬
“(Once) the Muhaddith Abu Ja’far Al – Hamazaani (531 H) came to a majlis –
Wa’z of Abul – Ma-ali Al – Juwayni (478 H) and he (heard him) saying:
‘Allah existed without the existence of the throne and now He is over what he
was!’
28

Abu Ja’far told him:
‘Oh professor, inform us concerning this need which we feel; never has an ‘Aarif
(learned one) said: Oh Allah, except that he feels a necessity from his heart
which seeks the upwards direction and he does not turn neither to the right nor to
the left! How will we take out this necessity from us?’
Abul – Ma-aali replied:
‘Oh my beloved, there is nothing except trouble!’
He smacked his head and descended (from the Mimbar).”
(SIYAR 18/474)

29

CHAPTER 2
A FALSE NOTION

The Notion of Wahdat-Ul-Wujoud
There is no doubt that Shaytwaan is our enemy. He has caused many muslims to
deviate from the correct belief, and made them believe in many falsehoods.
Among those who have fallen in the trap of Shaytwaan are the Sufis. They have
come to propagate the conception that Allah is everywhere because He is
everything which is existent. This conception is the one which is known as the
conception of Wahdat-ul-Wujoud – believe that everything which is existent is
Allah, and Allah is everything which is existing.
An-Naabulsi said:

‫ﻭﺍﻟﻐﺎﻓﻞ ﺍﳉﺎﻫﻞ ﻳﻈﻦ ﺃﻥ ﺭﺑﻪ ﰲ ﺍﻟﺴﻤﺎﺀ‬
[The ignorant subconscious thinks that his Rab is over the heaven.]
Nowadays, one among the writers who are propagating this Aqeedah is Harun
Yahya. Harun Yahya has written several books and propagates the belief of
wahdatul wujood in many of them. His website is: http://www.harunyahya.com.
We are quoting below from his books:
Harun Yahya says :

[Since we can never actually reach the “external world”, how can we be sure that
such a world really exists? Actually we cannot…. The only world that really exists
is the world of perceptions.]
Harun Yahya says:

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[ There is no basic difference between the dream and the “real world”; both of
them are experienced in the brain.]
Harun Yahya says :

[ Just as the bodies we possess and the material world we see in our dreams
have no reality, the universe we occupy and the bodies we possess also have no
material reality.]
Harun Yahya says :

[ All the events in the world are but mere imagination.]
Harun Yahya says :

[ All the possessions you seem to have do not exist, but they are merely dreams
composed of images which Allah shows you to test you.]
Harun Yahya says :

[ The world is only a collection of perceptions, an illusion.]
After denying the existence of everything, Harun Yahya comes forward with the
conception of Wahdat-ul-Wujoud, e.g, the conception that only Allah exists.
Harun Yahya says :

[…The only real absolute being is Allah. That means that only Allah is; all
things except Him are shadow beings. Consequently, it is impossible to
conceive Allah as a separate being outside this whole mass of matter. Allah
is surely ‘everywhere’ and encompasses all…]
Harun Yahya says concerning Allaah :

[ He is the only absolute being.]
Harun Yahya says :

[ Allah, the only Absolute Being.]

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Harun Yahya says :

[ In reality, Allah performs all acts.]
Harun Yahya has also stated clearly that he has got this conception from the
deviated Ibn Arabi and Rabbaani.
Harun Yahya says :

[ This reality has been understood by a number of theists or philosophers
throughout history. Islamic intellectuals such as Imam Rabbani, Muhiyiddin Ibn
al-‘Arabi and Mawlana Jami realized this from the signs of the Qur’an and by
using their reason.]
Harun Yahya says that Imam Rabbani has written :

[ In reality, there is nothing in the outside except the Glorious Being, (Who is
Allah).]
Harun Yahya says concerning this notion :

[ Great scholars such as Imam Rabbani have written that it might not be wise to
tell this fact to the masses because most people are not able to grasp it.]
Refer to:
1. ALLAH IS KNOWN THROUGH REASON, THE EVOLUTION DECEIT [PG
156-205].
2. FOR MEN OF UNDERSTANDING [PG 243-272].

32

The Ulamaa (scholars) warn against the Conception of Wahdat – ul –
Wujood.
There is no doubt that the notion of Wahdat – ul – Wujood is one of the
the most extreme form of Shirk which has ever existed. Because it’s beliefs
necessitates the it’s holder to accept that everything is Allah and Allah is
everything even the idols. Therefore, the Ulamaa have warned us against such a
belief and also against those who hold such beliefs, such as: Abu Yaziid Al –
Bustwaami, Al – Hallaaj, Ibnul Faarid, Ibn Arabi and Jalaal – ud – Deen Ar –
Roumi.
Allah has described the christians as polytheists (Mushrik) because they
took Eesa (Jesus) as God (Ilaah). While the Christians have associated only
Jesus as an Ilah with Allah, the holders of the corrupt belief of wahdat-ul-wujood
consider the whole of creation as part of Allah. We leave it to the reader to
evaluate the extent of their shirk.
The Hanafi Scholar, Ibn Abil – Iz said:

‫ﻭﻫﺬﺍ ﺍﻟﻘﻮﻝ ﻗﺪ ﺃﻓﻀﻰ ﺑﻘﻮﻡ ﺇﱃ ﺍﻟﻘﻮﻝ ﺑﺎﳊﻠﻮﻝ ﻭﺍﻻﲢﺎﺩ ﻭﻫﻮ ﺃﻗﺒﺢ ﻣﻦ ﻛﻔﺮ ﺍﻟﻨﺼﺎﺭﻯ‬
‫ﻓﺈﻥ ﺍﻟﻨﺼﺎﺭﻯ ﺧﺼﻮﻩ ﺑﺎﳌﺴﻴﺢ ﻭﻫﺆﻻﺀ ﻋﻤﻮﺍ ﲨﻴﻊ ﺍﳌﺨﻠﻮﻗﺎﺕ‬
“This belief (i.e denying the attributes of Allah) has brought some people to
believe in Al – Huloul (that Allah enters His creatures) and Al ittihaad (that Allah
and the creation is one), and this belief is worse than the christians’ kufr. The
chritians limited it to Eesaa Ibn Maryam, whereas they have eneralized it to all
creatures.”
(SHARHUL – AQEEDATIT – TWAHAAWIYYAH Pg 78-79)

Refering to Wahdat – ul – Wujood, the Hanafi Scholar, Mulla Ali Qaari (1014 H)
says:

33

‫ ﻧﻌﻮﺫ‬، ‫ ﻣﻦ ﻋﺒﺪ ﺍﻟﺼﻨﻢ ﻓﻘﺪ ﻋﺒﺪ ﺍﻟﺼﻤﺪ‬: ‫ ﻭﻫﺬﺍ ﻛﻘﻮﻝ ﺍﺑﻦ ﻋﺮﰊ‬... ‫ﺑﻞ ﻛﻔﺮ ﺻﺮﻳﺢ‬
‫ﺑﺎﷲ ﻣﻦ ﻫﺬﺍ ﺍﻟﻘﻮﻝ ﺍﻟﺒﺎﻃﻞ‬
“But this is clear kufr ….. This is like the words of Ibn Arabi: ‘He who worships the
idol, in fact he has worshipped As – Swamad (Allah) Himself.’ We seek refuge
from Allah against these corrupt sayings.”
(AT – TAJRIID Pg 32)

He also wrote a booklet on this subject entitled:

‫ﺍﻟﺮﺩ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﻟﻘﺎﺋﻠﲔ ﺑﻮﺣﺪﺓ ﺍﻟﻮﺟﻮﺩ‬
Ar-Rad alal-Qaa-i-liina Bi wahdat-il-Wujoud
In this booklet, he quotes the saying of the Hanafi Scholar, Ibn Abil – Iz:

‫ﻭﻟﻜﻦ ﺍﺑﻦ ﻋﺮﰊ ﻭﺃﻣﺜﺎﻟﻪ ﻣﻨﺎﻓﻘﻮﻥ ﺯﻧﺎﺩﻗﺔ ﺍﲢﺎﺩﻳﺔ ﰲ ﺍﻟﺪﺭﻙ ﺍﻷﺳﻔﻞ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﻨﺎﺭ‬
“But Ibn Arabi and his likes are Hypocrites (munafiq), the Zanaadiqah (those who
present themselves as muslims and they hide kufr in their inner self) who believe
in Al ittihaad, and they will be in the lowest fire (hell).”
(Pg 60)

He further says:

‫ﺍﻋﻠﻢ ﺃﻥ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻋﺘﻘﺪ ﺣﻘﻴﻘﺔ ﻋﻘﻴﺪﺓ ﺍﺑﻦ ﻋﺮﰊ ﻓﻜﺎﻓﺮ ﺑﺎﻹﲨﺎﻉ ﻣﻦ ﻏﲑ ﺍﻟﻨـﺰﺍﻉ‬
“Know that he who believes in the reality of Ibn Arabi’s creed, is a disbeliever
(kaafir) based on Ijmaa', without any difference of opinion.”
Abu Muhammad Ibn Abdis – Salaam (660 H) said concerning follows the same
creed as Ibn Arabi:

‫ﻓﻬﻮ ﺃﻛﻔﺮ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﻨﺼﺎﺭﻯ‬
34

“He is in greater disbelief than the christians.”
Sheikh Abu Hafs Umar Ibn Raslaan (805 H) said concerning Ibn Arabi:

‫ﻫﻮ ﻛﺎﻓﺮ‬

“He is an unbeliever .”
Haafiz Al-Iraaqi (820 H) said:

‫ﻻ ﺷﻚ ﰲ ﺍﺷﺘﻤﺎﻝ )ﺍﻟﻔﺼﻮﺹ( ﺍﳌﺸﻬﻮﺭﺓ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﻟﻜﻔﺮ ﺍﻟﺼﺮﻳﺢ ﺍﻟﺬﻱ ﻻ ﻳﺸﻚ ﻓﻴﻪ‬
“There is no doubt that the infamous ‘Al – Fusous1’, is a book which contains
plain kufr.Tthere shouldnot be any doubt about this matter.”
Ibraahim Al – Ja’bari (687 H) said concerning Ibn Arabi:

‫ﻳﻜﺬﺏ ﺑﻜﻞ ﻛﺘﺎﺏ ﺃﻧﺰﻟﻪ ﺍﷲ ﺗﻌﺎﱃ ﻭﺑﻜﻞ ﻧﱯ ﺃﺭﺳﻠﻪ‬
“He denies every book that Allah has revealed and every prophet whom Allah
has sent .”
The Shafe’i Muhammad Ibn Ibraahim (733 H) said concerning Ibn Arabi:

‫ﻓﻬﻮ ﻛﺎﻓﺮ ﺑﻪ ﻋﻨﺪ ﻋﻠﻤﺎﺀ ﺃﻫﻞ ﺍﻟﺘﻮﺣﻴﺪ‬
“He is aconsidered as a disbeliever bythe scholars of Ahlut – Tawheed.”
The Hanbali Mas-oud Ibn Ahmad Al – Haarithi (711 H) said:
1

Al-Fusous is a book written by Ibn Arabi.

35

‫ﺍﻟﻜﻼﻡ ﺍﳌﻨﺴﻮﺏ ﺇﱃ ﺍﻟﻜﺘﺎﺏ ﺍﳌﺬﻛﻮﺭ ﻳﺘﻀﻤﻦ ﺍﻟﻜﻔﺮ‬
“Words attributed to this book which has been mentionned, it contains kufr.”
The Shafe’i Nour – ud –Deen Al – Bakri (727 H) said concerning Ibn Arabi:

‫ﻛﺎﻓﺮ ﰲ ﺍﻟﻘﻮﻝ ﻭﺍﻻﻋﺘﻘﺎﺩ ﻇﺎﻫﺮﺍ ﻭﺑﺎﻃﻨﺎ‬
“He is a disbeliever in his words and his creed, openly and in hiding.”
The Shafeii scholar Umar Ibn Abil Hazm (730 H) said concerning Ibn Arabi:

‫ﺎﻧﲔ ﺑﻞ‬‫ﻭﺃﻣﺎ ﻗﻮﻟﻪ ﺍﳊﻖ ﻫﻮ ﺍﳋﻠﻖ ﻓﻬﻮ ﻗﻮﻝ ﻣﻌﺘﻘﺪ ﺍﻟﻮﺣﺪﺓ ﻭﻫﻮ ﻗﻮﻝ ﻛﺄﻗﻮﺍﻝ ﺍ‬
‫ﺃﺳﺨﻒ ﻣﻦ ﻫﺬﺍ‬
“As for his words: ‘Allah is Himself the creation’, these are the words of those
who believe in Wahdat – ul –Wujoud, and these words are like the words of the
insane.
In fact Is even more stupid than that.”
Ibn Taymiyyah (728 H) said:

‫ﺇﻥ ﻛﻔﺮ ﻫﺆﻻﺀ ﺃﻋﻈﻢ ﻣﻦ ﻛﻔﺮ ﺍﻟﻴﻬﻮﺩ ﻭﺍﻟﻨﺼﺎﺭﻯ ﺑﻞ ﻭﻣﺸﺮﻛﻲ ﺍﻟﻌﺮﺏ‬
“Certainly their kufr is more serious than the kufr of the jews, christians and even
the arab idol worshippers (of the time of jaahiliya).”
(MAJMOU FATAAWAA 11/227)

Ibn Taymiyyah said:

36

‫ﻭﻣﻦ ﱂ ﻳﻜﻔﺮﻫﻢ ﻓﻬﻮ ﺃﻛﻔﺮ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﻴﻬﻮﺩ ﻭﺍﻟﻨﺼﺎﺭﻯ‬
“He who doesn’t consider them as disbelievers, then his own disbelief is greater
than the jews and the christians.”
Ibn Hajar (852 H) said:

‫ﻭﻗﺪ ﻛﻨﺖ ﺳﺄﻟﺖ ﺷﻴﺨﻨﺎ ﺍﻹﻣﺎﻡ ﺳﺮﺍﺝ ﺍﻟﺪﻳﻦ ﺍﻟﺒﻠﻘﻴﲏ ﻋﻦ ﺍﺑﻦ ﻋﺮﰊ ﻓﺒﺎﺩﺭ ﺍﳉﻮﺍﺏ ﺑﺄﻧﻪ‬
‫ﻛﺎﻓﺮ ﻓﺴﺄﻟﺘﻪ ﻋﻦ ﺍﺑﻦ ﺍﻟﻔﺎﺭﺽ ﻓﻘﺎﻝ ﻻ ﺃﺣﺐ ﺃﻥ ﺃﺗﻜﻠﻢ ﻓﻴﻪ ﻗﻠﺖ ﻓﻤﺎ ﺍﻟﻔﺮﻕ ﺑﻴﻨﻬﻤﺎ‬
‫ﻭﺍﳌﻮﺿﻊ ﻭﺍﺣﺪ ﻭﺃﻧﺸﺪﺗﻪ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﺘﺎﺋﻴﺔ ﻓﻘﻄﻊ ﻋﻠﻲ ﺑﻌﺪ ﺇﻧﺸﺎﺩ ﻋﺪﺓ ﺃﺑﻴﺎﺕ ﺑﻘﻮﻟﻪ ﻫﺬﺍ ﻛﻔﺮ‬
‫ﻫﺬﺍ ﻛﻔﺮ‬
“I asked our sheikh, Imaam Siraaj-ud–Deen Al–Bulqiini (805 H) concerning Ibn
Arabi. He at immediatelyreplied that he is a kaafir. Then, I asked him concerning
Ibnul Faarid. He said:
‘I do not like talking about him.”
I told him:
‘What difference is there between the two, when they hold the same position.’
And
I recited (some verses) from At – Taaiyah2. He interrupted me by saying: ‘This is
kufr. This is kufr.”
(LISAAN – UL – MIIZAAN 4/318)

2

Written by Ibn Arabi.

37

Conclusion
I am convinced that after you have read this book, you are now in a
position to distinguish clearly between the light of truth and the darkness of
falsehood. I sincerely advise you to hold firm onto the Qur’aan and Hadith and
Aqeedah of the Salaf. Do be deceived by unknown writers who are becoming
popular in our present time, a time characterised by a lessfall in the number of
trustworthy scholars and a widespread of corrupted pseudo sholars. Do not let
yourself influenced by the worldly “success ” of books written by pseudo
intellectuals, except after taking advice from our trustworthy Ulamaa. Know that
Islaam has never needed the assistance of science or empirical research to
prove its truthfulness. The truth of Islam is natural just like the sun in in broad
daylight. The rays of it’s light are radiant at all times, in all places. Follow the
footsteps of the Salaf and our Ulamaa and Allah wills, our faith and our Aqeedah
will be preserved.
May Allah guide us all to the truth.
Aameen

‫ﺃﻗﻮﻝ ﻗﻮﱄ ﻫﺬﺍ ﻭﺃﺳﺘﻐﻔﺮ ﺍﷲ ﱄ ﻭﻟﻜﻢ‬
‫ﻭﺻﻠﻰ ﺍﷲ ﻋﻠﻰ ﻧﺒﻴﻨﺎ ﳏﻤﺪ ﻭﻋﻠﻰ ﺁﻟﻪ ﻭﺻﺤﺒﻪ ﺃﲨﻌﲔ‬
‫ﻚ‬‫ ﺇﹺﻟﹶﻴ‬‫ﻮﺏ‬‫ﺃﹶﺗ‬‫ ﻭ‬‫ﻙ‬‫ﺮ‬‫ﻔ‬‫ﻐ‬‫ﺘ‬‫ ﺃﹶﺳ‬‫ﺖ‬‫ ﺇﹺﻟﱠﺎ ﺃﹶﻧ‬‫ ﺃﹶﻥﹾ ﻟﹶﺎ ﺇﹺﻟﹶﻪ‬‫ﺪ‬‫ﻬ‬‫ ﺃﹶﺷ‬‫ﻙ‬‫ﺪ‬‫ﻤ‬‫ﺑﹺﺤ‬‫ ﻭ‬‫ﻢ‬‫ ﺍﻟﻠﱠﻬ‬‫ﻚ‬‫ﺎﻧ‬‫ﺤ‬‫ﺒ‬‫ﺳ‬

38