Axle Counter Block working with Multiplexer:- two PET quads are Required




1/2 quad - multiplexer and A/C information from stn 'A' to stn 'B'
another 1/2quad for multiplexer & A/C information from stn 'B' to 'A'
a third 1/2 quad is used for the block bell and block telephone.
The multiplexer works on 24V DC - microprocessor based equipment

Operation: similar to push button type TLBI i.e. TGB & BPB pressed
 The Receiving end SM if not want to receive a train he can do so by Normalizing the LCB key or
taking it out.
 To cancel the LC already taken he has to take out the key and Press the Bell button.
To minimise the cable requirement a 4/2wire converter unit is used.
 This is an extra card to be fitted in the EJB and works on 24V DC
 This converts one of the axle counter track device channel frequencies to 3.5 KHz by a suitable
modulation process and

Since A & B outputs are at different frequencies by suitable modulation now it is possible to
transmit the outputs of 2 receiver coils to the evaluator through one pair of cable (1/2 quad) only.
 The evaluators for each direction block working kept at receiving stn.
Multiplexer at Station-A would be combining
 the status of six relays for Down direction which are to be repeated from Station A to Station B
 in addition will also transmit read back information in respect of six relays transmitted from
station B to Station A in the Up direction.
The read back information is used by the transmitting end to make sure that the relays at the other
end are actually in agreement with the status of relays at the sending station.
Therefore, Multiplexer has a total capacity for handling 12 relays inputs.
 The multiplexer works in TDM mode and converts the relays status into digital bits 1 & 0.
 it transmits them through the cable after doing FSK modulation using two frequencies
1100/1300Hz for one direction & 1500/1700 Hz for other direction for denoting digital 0 and 1
 The data is transmitted through the cable at the speed of 1200 BPS.
Since frequencies used for multiplexer are different from freq used for axle counters both
information from Stn -A to B can go on one pair of main telecom PET quad.
Similarly the multiplexer information & axle counter information from Station B to A can go on another
1/2 PET quad of the main telecom. cable.
 One Start Bit
 Six relays (A to F Relays ) information from Station A to Station
 One Parity Bit
 One Group Separation Bit
 Six relays ( G to L) information for Station B to Station A
 2nd Parity check Bit
 Thus the data consisting of 16 bits converted into a telegram and then transmitted to other stn.
 The multiplexer has a duplicated microprocessor by way of hard ware redundancy.
 Each packet of information is transmitted three times and at the receiving end at least two
packets have to agree out of the three on both the duplicated hardware and then only it is acted
upon.
 The microprocessor self checks routines to test the integrity of hardware once in 1/100th second.
 Multiplexers transmission media can be main telecom. cable or microwave radio or optic fibre.
 The maximum cable attenuation between Tx & Rx could be 20 db and works on 24V DC + 30 - 10% .

The current consumption is 4 amp.
The information multiplexed and sent from station A is demultiplexed by a similar microprocessor
based system at Station-B. Thus each multiplexer has got a transmitting and a receiving portion.

 Lever reverse & TCFR up.  the instrument has gone to TOL 2 . 4. (D)ASDR 13. (D) A/c RST as (R) 6. (R)AMR 16. (R)TOLR 14. giving Line 6. (D)TOLR : picks up whenever axle counter is occupied as indicated by (D) AZTPR down and ensuring (D) TCFPR is up. (R) ASTPR 3. Relay signals go to the de-multiplexer. (D)AZTPR 9. (D)ASSR Relays Repeated form one station to other station: 1. TELR picks up and this connects telephone circuits to the same pair of the wires used for transmitting the bell code. (R)BCR 10. BSMR 20. 9. This is to ensure one signal one train. TGTR is down and (D)AMR is up.  (Just like LCPR dn. (D) ASTR as (R)ASTPR BSMR 4.The multiplexer output and 4 wire/2 wire converter output are combined in a converter before being transmitted from stn A to B. (R)HSTR 18. (D) ASTR 2. (D)TGTR as (R)TGTPR 2. EVR 21. ASDR : Advanced starter controlling relay. ASMR 24. 2. (D) AMR: ensures when ASTR is occupied & ASTPR is down. TCFPR is down. 1. (D) BCPR 11. BPR 6. 8. TOL made). Thus either the bell code transmission or telephone transmission takes place on the same pair of the wire at a time. (R) TGTPR : (D) TGTR is repeated as (R) TGTPR at the receiving stn. AXPR 23. 7. (R)TGTPR 5. TGTR up ( Line Clear obtained)  AZTR up ( Section is clear)  ASSR up.  (D) TOLR drops as soon as (D)AZTPR picks up. (R) ZR 19. (D)TCFPR 12. (R)TCFR as (D)TCFPR 5. (R) TOLR: picks up when A/C is occupied after proving (R) TCFR was up. YR up. (D) ASSR: advanced starter stick relay which ensures  whenever a train occupies the ASTR circuit the ASSR will be down &  pick up when the ASDR is down. SUPR 22. (D) AMR 17. 3. (D)TOLR 15. (R) TCFR : Line Clear granting relay which picks up proving that the conditions for clear are fulfilled at the receiving station namely  (R) TGTPR is picked up & Line Clear Blocking key is not taken out  home signal lever is normal and home signal controlling relays are down  axle counter is clear as read by (R) AZTR and the relay BCR is up. & ASTR up ( Controlling Track) 5. Whenever the ''press to talk'' is pressed.  (R) TCFR will drop when the axle counter section is occupied. (R)BCR as (D)BCPR. (R)AZTR as (D)AZTPR 3.  This relay drops as soon as (R)AZTR picks up. ASTPR up and advanced starter lever normal. the 3. (D) TGTR: picks up at sending stn when applied for line clear & proves  axle counter block section is clear as (D) AZTPR up  and the relays (D) AMR and (D) ASSR are up.5 KHz and 5 KHz signals go to the 2 wire/4 wire converter equipment which in turn feeds the evaluator. (D)TGTR 4. (R)TCFR 7. Relays Used: 1. at stn B again split up. (D) TCFPR: (R) TCFR is repeated as (D) TCFPR through the multiplexer. (R)AZTR 8.

(R) BSMR is up and (R) AMR is up. the proper sequence of train movement is followed  normally up and proves ASTR is up. ZR up and  drops when ASTR at sending end is down after taking line clear. the reset voltage goes to the A/C and reset (R)relay picks up inside the A/C thereby setting the entire system. 14. 18. (R)BSMR are up and  also proves that home signal track circuit and advanced track circuit are clear.  This relay is used for resetting the axle counter unless (R)AMR picks up it will not be possible to reset the axle counter. AXPR drops when EVR and SUPR are up. 3 . AZTR dropped was picked up (from TOLR down) & Train just arrived i. (R) AMR : This relay ensures that whenever advanced starter track circuit is down.e.AZTPR is down. SUPR is down and (R)ASMR. (D) AZTPR: (R)AZTR is repeated as (D) AZTPR. Whenever AXPR is up the condenser is charged through BPR down and AXPR up and condenser discharges when AXPR is down and EVR is up. 16.  This relay is used for resetting of A/C with the co-operation from the sending station which in turn is indicated by (R)BSMR picking up:  it also proves that the train has actually arrived beyond the home signal at the receiving station. momentary dropping of SUPR will not drop (R) AZTR. 12. (R) ZR : picks up at the receiving station on arrival of the train beyond the block overlap point provided  after proving that home signal lever is reversed and the concerned track circuits are occupied  ZR drops as soon as (R) BCR is up. 11. 10. SUPR is up through the axle counter reset counter. This is to ensure proper sequence. 13. (R) ASMR :  picks up when (R) BPR is down.  normally up and drops as soon as the axle counter is occupied. (R) AZTR: proves that  the axle counter section is clear as indicated by BPR up and  advanced starter track circuit and home signal track circuit is clear. 15. (R) BSMR: picks up at receiving station when sending station gives cooperation for resetting by pressing the reset cooperation button.[ (R) AMR is up] 17. when a train goes beyond the LSS. (R)AXPR: is the actual resetting relay and proves that EVR is down. This steps reset counter for every reset operation. when the advanced starter track picks up again . This in turn ensures that resetting the axle counter is done only after concerned train has arrived beyond the block overlap.  Once AXPR picks up. (R)BCR: Block Clearance Relay proves  after every line clear the home signal controlling relays are down and  the instrument has gone to TOL and  the axle counter is clear before the next line clear can be obtained. (R)BPR : proves EVR & SUPR are up and ASMR & BSMR are down:  the contact of BPR in (R) AZTR circuit is bypassed by (R)TCFR and (R) AZTR front contacts so that once line clear is taken.

(provided the train has arrived beyond the block overlap at the receiving station). 4 .ACHK : cooperation indication at the receiving station.