ATWOOD MACHINE

A.Lisra Andriani Hasrat, Helny Lydarisbo, Nurul Angelita, Sitrah Nurdini Irwan*)
Laboratory of Fundamental Physics Physics department of FMIPA
State University of Makassar 2015
Abstract.Has done experiment atwood machine that aims to get students capable of understanding
the concept of kinematics to show the newton’s law and counting moment inertiapulleys. Tools
and material used on trial of this is a atwood machine where consisting top of pole-scale R, pulleys
P, hanging rope, burden M1, M2, m1, grasp G with brake, resist of load B, and resist of addition
load A which hollow, ohause balance 310, sensors time, vernier caliper, ruler, stative, power
supplay. We have been doing two activities the first of the motion from C to A. In the activity 1 be
valid the second Newton’s Law where objects move accelerated, in activity 2 motion from A to B
be valid the first Newton’s Law where the objects moving straight irregular. In activity 1 we get
the acceleration of objects from graph a= 0.185 m/s2 and from result of data analysis is 0.185 m/s 2.
And inertia moment of pulley is I =

|I ± ∆ I |=|4.3627 ± 0.007|

activity ia obtained based graphich acceleration is v =

kg m2 . The second

116,4 m/s while based on data analysis

v´ = |v ± ∆ v|=|0.338 ± 0.002| and according to graph v´ = 3.227 m/s2
Keyword : Kinematics, Moment of inertia, Newton law
FORMULATION OF THE PROBLEM
1. How kinematics concept to show of the Newton’s Law?
2. What is the moment inertia of the pulley?
PURPOSE
1. Can understand the concept of kinematics to show of the Newton’s Law
2. Calculate the moment of inertia off the pulley
BRIEF THEORY
When a pulley only rotates on its axis pure silent, then its motion can be analzed as
follow :
N
3.
4.

Translational motion

R

∑F = 0
-T1-mg-T2 + N = 0

T2
T1

Rotational motion ∑ τ =I α
-T1R + T2R =

(Tim penyusun, 2014)

I=

1
M
R2
2 pulley

Newton’s first law states that “An object at rest or moving at a constant speed will remain
silent or will continue to move at a constant velocity unless an external toce acting on it”.
(Tippler, 1998)
Newton’s second law to rotational motion ∑ τ =I α
The Newton’s first law is often called “The law of inertia”, because this law expresses the
basic characteristicof an object called inertia. The inertia state of an object is the tendency
of object to keep its state of motion, that is stay a rest or moves in uniform rectilinear
motion. For example, a ball will stay atrest on its place as long as the ball is not kicked
and if it is kicked, the ball will move in uiform rectilinear motion, however the frictional
force will cause the ball to stop [1]
The Newton’s first law also expresses the balance state of an object, that is if the
forces acting upon the object are balanced (force resultant = 0), then the object has no
acceleration (a = 0)
The Newton’s second law states that “Gay total on a particle is equal to mass
multiplied by acceleration of particles. The equation above states that the total torque on a
rigid body at the moment inertia of the object about the axis of rotation multiplied by the
angular acceleration.” (Sears and Zemansky, 2002)
Motion straight is motion of an object that tracks in the form of a straight line.
Any kind of motion is called a regular translasi. Range of the same time happened
displacement of the same amount. Motion straight can be classified into motion straight
irregular and motion straight changed irregular distinguished by exist and the suitability
acceleration
Rectilinear Motion is is motion straight an object, where in this motion speed fixed or
without acceleration , so the distance traveled in motion straight irregular is footed times
time

s=v × t
Where:

s=distance ( m )
v =speed

( ms )

t=time( s)
Motion straight changed irregular is motion straight an object, in which the speed
changed to time because of the acceleration of fixed. As a result of these acceleration
formula the distance traveled no longer linear but kuadratic. In other words of conduct
motion from the state of silence or start at the beginning of will change speed because of

we had known that the object is at balance state (equilibrium) or is not accelerated if the forces acting upon it are balanced ( ∑ F=0 ). The acceleration of an object produced by a force resultant or unbalanced forces is a directly proportional to the force resultant. Therefore. The statement above is known as the Newton’s second law and it is expressed by the following mathematical equation : ∑ F=m ×a Where : ∑ F=force resultant ( N ) m=mass of object (kg) m/s2 a=acceleration of object ¿ ) [2] If Newton’s second law is applied along the radial direction. it would move along a straightline path tangent to the circle. According to Newton. When a pulley can only be spun on its axis that is silent.the acceleration (a = +) and reduced if (a= -). then a movements can be analyzed as follows : Translational motion ∑ F=0 −T 1−mg−T 2 + N=0 Rotational motion ∑ τ=I × α −T 1 R+ T 2 R=I × α . Unbalanced force will accelerate an object because they cause the object experiences change of velocity (change of magnitude. direction. codirection with the force resultant and inversely proportional to the mass of object. an object is only accelerated if there is a force resultant or unbalanced force acting upon it. the object would no longer move in its circular path. or both). the net force causing the centripetal acceleration can be related to the acceleration A force causing a centripetal acceleration acts toward the center of the circular path and causes a change in the direction of the velocity vector. Generally motion straight irregular motion based on the second of Newton’s Law Based on the explanation about Newton’s first law. If that force should vanish. instead.

c. Speed (m/s) . Pole-scale R on the upper end there is a pulley P. Two additional load with each mass e. Suspended rope that the mass can be uncountable.Where : 1 I = mkatrol R2 2 α= 1 α R The object which moves is accelerated uniform rectilinear motion has the same change of speed at the same time interval. Grasp G with brake. 1 piece Ohauss balance 310 grams 3. Response Variable : Time (s). 1 piece Power supplay Identification Variable Activity 1. 1 set of Atwood machine a. 1 piece Stative 6. resist of load B. Motion from C to A 1. Two pieces of M1 and M2 load. Control Variable : Mass of load (grams). mass of addition (grams). mass of pulley (grams) 2. that is : a= ∆ v v 2−v 1 = =constant ∆ t t 2−t 1 Where : 2 s m/ ¿ a=acceleration ¿ ∆ v=change of speed ( m/s ) ∆ t=time interval( s) [3] EXPERIMENT METHODS Tools and materials 1. 1 piece Vernier Calipers 5. the shaped is cylinder with the same mass. and resist of addition load A which hollow 2. b. Manipulation Variable : Distance (m) 3. 2 pieces Sensors time 4. that will to tiying on the lower and upper ends of rope d.

Set grasp G. Next. Speed (m/s) Operational Definition of Variable Activity 1 1. resist of load B and resist of addition load A which hollow to identification the instrument. M2. mass of pulley (gram) 2. all load M 1. Mass is the weight of object which measured 2. Activity 1. and while M 2+m1 though A. Release M 1 and notice time that needed by objects moving from point C to point A.Activity 2. Second. Distance is Distance the length that indicates how far the walkers change position through a certain path. add one of resist load. m1 will endured at point A and then the system will rectilinear motion. Mass is the weight of object which measured 2. set again load of M1 on grasp and M2. notice position of point C and point A. Next. it is measured by the meter 3. Motion from A to B 1. Speed is changed the position every time Activity 2 1. m. and measured by the stopwatch 4. Move from point A to B . Move from point C to A Firstly. Conducted 3 times recuring measurement with the same distance. Control Variable : Mass of load (gram). Response Variable : Time (s). set M1 on grasp G used brake. Distance is Distance the length that indicates how far the walkers change position through a certain path. Notice the result in table Activity 2. does the experiment below : Firstly. If this not occur correctly position the resist load. it is measured by the meter 3. Time is how long the objects (M2+m) takes move from point C to point A. repeat the steps moving point A as much as 10 time. Add resist of load m1 on M2. Observat if the pole-scale in one line with rope. Pull the grasp G so M1 will be release and moving to up whereas both of load will moving accelerate. Manipulation Variable : Distance (cm) 3. dan mkatrol weighing with Ohause balance 310. Speed is changed the position every time Work Procedure Preliminary experiment first of all. Time is how long the objects (M2+m) takes move from point A to point B. hanging M1 and M2 on the lower and upper ends of rope and then set the pulley. and measured by the stopwatch 4.

9349 ± 0.01| x 10-3 kg Mass of pulley (M) = |66.00001| 2.05| mm = |11.05| x 10-2 2 |0.8345 ± 0.01| gram = |6.00001| 1 |0. Notice result of observation in table EXPERIMENTAL RESULTS AND DATA ANALYSIS Experiment Result Mass M1 = |60. |17.7599 ± 0.00001 s 1st Activity.05| x 10-2 2 |1.19 ± 0. |14.00001| 3.19 ± 0. |16.19 ± 0. |21. Relationship between distance and time to trajectory C to A Nu. Repeat steps one as much 10 times with distance from A to B that different.50 ± 0.9450 ± 0. Set position B (under the point A) in certain range.00001| 1 |1.00001| 3 |0. Motion from C to A Table 1.00001| .00001| 1 |1.8793 ± 0.02 ± 0.02 ± 0.05| x 10-2 2 |0.50 ± 0.0990 ± 0.00001| 3 |1.01| x 10-3 kg Mass M2 = |60.0005 m SSV sensor times = 0. determine one position point C and A and then notice that position.19 ± 0.01 g SSV ruler = 0.8814 ± 0.1820 ± 0.00 ± 0. Xca (m) Tca (s) 1 |0.0860 ± 0.01| x 10-3 m SSV of ohauss balance 310 g = 0.01| gram = |60.01| gram = |60.01| x 10-3 kg Mass m = |6.00001| 1.00 ± 0.01| x 10-3 kg Diameter of pulley = |11.00001| 4.08 ± 0.08 ± 0.05| x 10-2 2 |0.01| gram = |66.01 ms = 0.9373 ± 0. Conducted 3 times recuring measurement with the same distance from the same point A to B.75 ± 0.75 ± 0.05 cm = 0.0840 ± 0.8718 ± 0. Release M 1 and notice the time that needed by objects moving from point A to B.8321 ± 0.00001| 3 |0.Firstly.00001| 3 |0.00001| 1 |0.

00001| 3 |0.05| x 10-2 2 |1.05| x 10-2 2 |1.00001| 3 |1.00001| 1.00001| 1 |0.05| x 10-2 2 |0.1990 ± 0.3050 ± 0.00001| .32510 ± 0.50±0. |10.50 ± 0.2100 ± 0.5.00001| 1 |1.00 ± 0.05| x 10-2 m Table 2. |31. Xca (m) Tca (s) 1 |0.4040 ± 0.36710 ± 0.00001| 3 |0.05| x 10-2 2 |1.00001| 6. |26. |14.1940 ± 0.00001| 3 |0.05| x 10-2 2 |0.1810 ± 0.37420 ± 0.00001| 1 |1.42640 ± 0.3840 ± 0.00001| 3 |1.05| x 10-2 2 |1.3900 ± 0.00001| 3 |1.00001| 3 |1.50± 0.00001| 2nd Activity.00001| 1 |0.00001| 2. Motion from A to B XCA = |31.32110 ± 0.00001| 1 |1.42510 ± 0. |25. |29.50 ± 0.3090 ± 0.50 ± 0.41890 ± 0.36180 ± 0.31010 ± 0.05| x 10-2 2 |0.00001| 7.00001| 8. Nu.00001| 3.3160 ± 0. The relationship between distance and time to the track A to B.00 ± 0. |13.00 ± 0.1850 ± 0.

05 % ( 2 AB ) DC = 100% .51320 ± 0.0489 s ∆ t=¿ δ = 0.54620 ± 0. XCA2 = |16.00 ± 0.00001| 3 |0.05| x 10-2 m ´t CA1 = t 1+ t 2+t 3 3 = 0.80883 s .RE = 100% .80883−0.54440 ± 0.00001| Data Analysis Activity 1 : Motion from C to A 1.95 % ´t CA1 : |´t ± ∆ t | = |0.83405| = 0.00001| |18. Acceleration of the object based on unitomly accelerated motion a.80883 ± 0.1 |0.0489 0.50660 ± 0.0252 s δ2 = |0.80883−0.6.55120 ± 0.05| x 10-2 4.0489 s max RE = ∆t ´t RE = 0.05| x 10-2 m = 0.00±0.0233 s δ3 = |0. 2 |0.8321+ 0.80883−0.75990| = 0.00±0.80883 × 100% × 100% = 6.50 ± 0.05 % = 93.0489| s b.8345+ 0. XCA1 = |14.00001| |16.7599 3 |t x −´t | δx = δ1 = |0. 2 |0.00001| 3 |0.83210| = 0.05| x 10-2 5.00001| 1 |0.51280 ± 0.

0018 s δ2 = |0.0057 0.´t CA2 = t 1+ t 2+t 3 3 0.0057 s = 0. XCA3 = |17.93906−0.50±0.9450| = 0.65 % = 99.9450+0.87750 s ∆ t=¿ δmax = 0.9349| = 0.8718| = 0.93906−0.0.8718 = 3 δx = |t x −´t | δ1 = |0.9373+ 0.93906−0.0018 s δ3 = |0.8814| = 0.0039 s δ2 = |0.8775−0.8775−0.35 % ´t CA2 : |´t ± ∆ t | = |0.8793| = 0.8793+0.9349 3 δx = |t x −´t | δ1 = |0.0057 s RE = ∆t ´t RE = 0.8775 × 100% × 100% = 0.0057| s c.05| x 10-2m ´t CA3 = t 1+ t 2+t 3 3 = 0.65 % ( 4 AB ) DC = 100% .8775−0.0042 s ∆ t=¿ δmax = 0.9373| = 0.8775 ± 0.0059 s = 0.8814+0.93906 s .0059 s δ3 = |0.RE = 100% .

086+1.08967−1.099 3 δx = |t x −´t | δ1 = |1.09900| = 0.RE = 100% .0059| s d.14 % ´t CA4 : |´t ± ∆ t | = |1.185 3 = 1.0093 1.08967 ± 0.63 % ( 4 AB ) DC = 100% .18267 s .05| x 10-2 m ´t CA4 = t 1+ t 2+t 3 3 = 1.0093| s e.50±0.0057s δ2 = |1.RE = ∆t ´t RE = 0.86 % ( 4 AB ) DC = 100% .0037 s δ3 = |1.08400| = 0.93906 × 100% × 100% = 0.08967 × 100% × 100% = 0.RE = 100% .37 % ´t CA3 : |´t ± ∆ t | = |0.08967 s ∆ t=¿ δmax = 0. XCA4 = |21.86 % = 99.08967−1.08967−1.182+1.181+1.63 % = 99.0.05| x 10-2m ´t CA5 = t 1+ t 2+t 3 3 = 1.0093 s RE = ∆t ´t RE = 0.0. XCA5 = |25.00±0.0059 0.93906 ± 0.084 +1.0093 s = 1.08600| = 0.

0120 s ∆ t=¿ δ = 0.18267−1.00±0.18267−1.18267−1.210 3 |t x −´t | δ1 = |1.19 % ( 4 AB ) DC = 100% .199| = 0.|t x −´t | δx = δ1 = |1.18200| = 0.199+1.1980−1.0017 s δ3 = |1.18267 ± 0.05| x 10-2m f.0040 s δ3 = |1. ´t CA6 δx = = t 1+ t 2+t 3 3 = 1.81 % ´t CA5 : |´t ± ∆ t | = |1.210| = 0.0120 s max RE = ∆t ´t × 100% = 1.1980−1.194| = 0.0023| s XCA6 = |26.0023 s max RE = ∆t ´t RE = 0.0010 s δ2 = |1.0.19 % = 99.RE = 100% .0023 1.0023 s ∆ t=¿ δ = 0.1980 s .194 +1.18500| = 0.0007 s δ2 = |1.18267 × 100% × 100% = 0.18100| = 0.1980−1.

0120| s g.0050 s ∆ t=¿ δ = 0.3100−1.3160| = 0.3090| = 0.3900+1.0.3100 s |t x −´t | δx = δ1 = |1.3100−1.0.0060 s δ2 = |1.4040+ 1.3100 ±0.46% = 99.3050 = 3 = 1.3100−1.46 % ( 4 AB ) DC = 100% .0060| s h.1980 RE = × 100% = 1.00 % ´t CA6 : |´t ± ∆ t | = |1.50±0. XCA8 = |31.3160+1.0120 1.3927 s .RE = 100% .00 % ( 3 AB ) DC = 100% .006 1.50±0.05| x 10-2m ´t δx = CA8 = t 1+ t 2+t 3 3 |t x −´t | = 1.RE = 100% .1.3840 3 = 1.0060 s max RE = ∆t ´t RE = 0.3100 × 100% × 100% = 0.54 % ´t CA7 : |´t ± ∆ t | = |1. XCA7 = |29.0010 s δ3 = |1.00% = 99.05| x 10-2m ´t CA7 = t 1+ t 2+t 3 3 1.3090+ 1.1980 ±0.3050| = 0.

0113| s 2.0087 s ∆ t=¿ δmax = 0.41 R² = 0.3927 × 100% × 100% = 0.5 distance (2x) 1 0.3927−1.5 0 0 1 2 3 4 5 time (t2) 6 7 8 9 .0027 s δ2 = |1.0.0113 s δ3 = |1.19x + 0.0113 1.81 % ( 4 AB ) DC = 100% .3927 ± 0.3927−1.3900| = 0.81% = 99.RE = 100% .3840| = 0.4040| = 0.3927−1.5 2 f(x) = 0.δ1 = |1.98 1.0113 s RE = ∆t ´t RE = 0.19 % ´t CA8 : |´t ± ∆ t | = |1.

982 x 100% = 98.003| m/s2 Search for acceleration a= ( m+ M 1 ) −M 2 2 m+ M 1+ M 2+1/ R g a= ( 4.21+1/5. Relation between distance and time y = 0.21 4.21+63. based on the graph then a = 0.03 2 130.03+63.03 x 980cm/s2 980 cm/s2 .21 )−63.20 % RE = 100% .185 100 PR: a = │a ± ∆ a │=¿ = 0.185x + 0.20 % = 1.185 m/s2 ∆ a searchable by using the formula to acceleration relative error on the graph.9952 980cm/s a= 4.003 m/s2 |0. DC = R2 x 100% = 0.Graphic 1.DC = 100% .21+1/5.80 % ∆ a= ℜxa 100 = 1.48 980 cm/s a = 0.98.21+63.03+63.412 R2 = 0.03 2 4.9952 a= 4.03+63.982 So.80 x 0.185 ± 0.

8752 I =[ ( 6.08 ) 52.59 ] 35.5 g I = ( m+ M 1−M 2 ) −(m+ M 1+ M 2) a I = ( 6.08+60.94 I =702954 grcm2 I =0.00702954 kgm2 |δmδl |∆ m+|δMδl 1|∆ M 1+|δMδl 1|∆ M 2+|δRδl |∆ R |δaδl |∆ a ∆ I= + m+ M 1+ M 2 g(¿) ( ¿¿ a−m−M 1−M 2| ∆ R ¿ + 2R¿ g g g ∆ I = ( −1) R 2 ∆ m+ ( −1)R2 ∆ M 1+ −( +1) R 2 ∆ M 2+¿ a a a | | | | | −( g+ M 1+ M 2 ) R2 ∆a a2 | | | .19+60.a = 29.51 I =[ 322.46 ] 34.97−(126.19−60.05−126.51 I =[ 195.46) ] 34.4 cm/s2 Search for moment of inertia (calculation) [ ] [ 980 −(6.08+60.19 ) R2 ] 5.19) 18.

93+17.0000480| kg m2 Moment Inertia of pulley (practice) I= 1 2 M pulley .875 2 0.5 18. R 2 I= 1 2 MR 2 .875¿ 980 980 980 ∆ I= −1 5.04 + ¿ −¿ ¿ ∆ I =17.67| PR: I =|0.19|0.19−60.0001531± 0.5|0.93+122 + 12.93+17.19 980( ¿) ( ¿¿18.19−60. 1 I = (66.8752 0.6.02)(11.01+¿ 18.8752 0.08+60.01+ −1 5.19−60.0000018867| PR: I =|0.19 980 (¿) ( ¿¿ 18.5 18.5 |( ) | |( ) | |( ) 6.75)2 2 | .67 PR : I =|I ± ∆ I| PR: I =|702954 ±188.00702954 ± 0.5−6.08−60.88 ∆ I=188.05 ¿ 2 x 5.01+ − −1 5.08+60.

44 gr.44 ± 39. cm 2 DC = 100% .86 % (3 AB) I 4557.00015+0.cm2 2 .06 g.02 11.cm2 RE = ∆I 39.44 gr .0.75 4557.05) + 66.cm2 ∆ I = |0.43| gr .86 % = 99.cm2 ∆I = |∂∂mI ∆ m| |∂∂RI ∆ R| ∆I = |12 R |∆ m + |MR| ∆ R = |12 R ∆ m| + |MR| ∆ R ∆I + 2 2 ∆I I = |∆mm| |2 ∆R R | ∆I = |∆Mm + 2 ∆RR|I ∆I = | + | 0.44 gr.14 % I= |I ± ∆ I |=|4557.02 ) (11.36 g.0085| 4557.44 gr.=4557.42 gr.42 gr .cm2 2 = 33.75)2 g. cm Search moment inertia of pulley (Theory) I= 1 2 MR 2 I= 1 ( 66. cm2 x 100 = x 100 =¿ 0.cm2 = 4557.01 2(0.cm3 ∆ I = 39.01x 138.RE = 100 % .

46 I=|´I ± ∆ I |kg m2 I =|0.36 ∆ I= 0.0039|kg m2 .05 |63.01 x 0.=0.02 |+|11.m2 |δMδI |∆ M +|δRδI |∆ R ∆ I= | | | | 1 1 δ ( M R2 ) δ ( M R2 ) 2 2 ∆ I= ∆M+ ∆R δM δR |12 R |∆ M +|RM|∆ R ∆ I= 2 | | 1 2 R ∆I 2 RM ∆ R = ∆M+ I 1 1 M R2 M R2 2 2 | | |∆MM |+|2 ∆R R|I ∆ I= 0.75 |4557.75 |4557.4557 kg.02 |+|211.36 ∆ I= ∆ I =¿ 39.4557 ± 0.01 0.1 |63.

55 0.3 0.65 time (t) A ctivity 2.5 0.99 15 distance (x) 10 5 0 0.25 20 f(x) = 30.4 0.63x + 1. Motion A to B Graph 2.6277 cm/s dt DE=R2 x 100 . Relationship between XABagainst tAB Gradient= m= y x = x t y=mx +c dx =v=m=30.23 R² = 0.45 0.6 0.35 0.

14 ∆ v= (3 SF) ℜ .= 0.0087s = ∆ t CA RE = t CA ´ 1 = 1 PR:t CA =¿ 1 2.0087 x 100 =2.319 ± 0.3677 |s = 0.3677 s .0006 s δ 3=¿ |t – ´t 3 CA2 | = | 0.3188 (3SF) |0.3677 |s = 0.86% ℜ=100 − DE ¿ 100% .349│ cm/s Activity 2.3211 – 0.0059 s δ 2=¿ |t – ´t 2 CA2 | = | 0.3618 – 0.7 0.3188 s = | 0. ´t CA2 = 0.3251 3 = 0.0065 s = 0.0063 s 1 ∆ t CA 1 δ maks=¿ 0.86% ¿ 1.3188 |s = 0. Motion A to B Search for the time 1.3251 – 0.3742 – 0.9886 x 100% = 98.3188 |s = 0.14 x 30.628 ± 0.0087 s ´ δ 2=¿ | t 2 – t CA | = | 0.3618+ 0.3677 |s = 0.3742 3 δ 1=¿ |t – ´t 1 CA2 | = | 0.0023 s 1 ´ δ 3=¿ | t 3 – t CA | = | 0.3188 |s = 0.3671+ 0. ´t CA1 t 1+ t 2+t 3 3 = δ 1=¿ |t – ´t 1 CA1 = 0.6277 100 = 0.3211+0.349 cm/s PR: v=│ v ± ∆ v │=│30.3101+ 0.3101 – 0.3671 – 0.V 100 ∆ v= 1.009|s t 1+ t 2+t 3 3 = 0.98.

0016 s δ 3=¿ |t – ´t 3 CA2 | = | 0.5109 |s = 0.4251+ 0.5512 – 0.0065 x 100 =1.5132 – 0.424 ± 0.5444 3 δ 1=¿ |t – ´t 1 CA2 | = | 0.0043 s = ∆ t CA ´ t CA RE = = 0.0011 s = 0.4235 |s = 0.5462+ 0.∆ t CA 2 δ maks=¿ 0. ´t = 0.5132 3 δ 1=¿ |t – ´t 1 CA2 | = | 0.4189 – 0.4235 |0.4189+ 0.5109 = 0.4264 3 δ 1=¿ |t – ´t 1 CA2 | = | 0.5473 |s = 0. ´t CA4 0.0043 s δ 2=¿ |t – ´t 2 CA2 | = | 0.0019 s δ 3=¿ |t – ´t 3 CA2 | = | 0.8 % (4 SF) |0.0043| s = t 1+ t 2+t 3 3 = 0.5473 s . ´t CA3 0.5128 – 0.5109 ± 0.368 ± 0.0029 s ∆ t CA 3 δ maks=¿ 0.4264 – 0.5128+0.5473 |s = 0.4235 |s = 0.5109 s δ maks=¿ 0.5462 – 0.0043 x 100 0.3677 (3 SF) |0.4235 s CA5 0.0046 s δ 2=¿ |t – ´t 2 CA2 | = | 0.5066 – 0.005| s t 1+ t 2+t 3 3 = = 0.5512+ 0.4251 – 0.5066+0.0023 s ∆ t CA 4 4 = 4 PR:t C A =¿ 4 5.0065 s = ∆ t CA ´ t CA RE = 2 = 2 PR:t CA =¿ 2 3.1 % (3 SF) 0.5109 |s = 0.4235 |s = 0.5109 |s = 0.8 0.0046 s = ∆ t CA ´ t CA RE = 3 = 3 PR:t CA =¿ 3 4.007| s t 1+ t 2+t 3 3 = = 0.0039 s δ 2=¿ |t – ´t 2 CA2 | = | 0.0046 x 100 =¿ 1.

6316 – 0.6279 s 0.50 0.6279 ± 0.6279 |s = 0.0029 s δ maks=¿ 0.δ 3=¿ |t – ´t 3 ∆ t CA 5 5 = 5 PR:t CA =¿ 5 ´t 6.29 cm/s 5.0025 s δ 3=¿ |t – ´t 3 CA2 | = | 0.6316 3 δ 1=¿ |t – ´t 1 CA2 | = | 0.0037 x 100 =¿ 0.5473 |0.7 % (4 SF) 0.5444 – 0.6267 – 0.0039 s = ∆ t CA ´ t CA RE = CA2 CA6 0.6279 |s = 0. v 4= 16.35 cm/s 3.50 0.0037| s Search for velocity v= x AB t AB 1.6267+0.00 0.0039| s t 1+ t 2+t 3 3 = = 0.5473 |s = 0.0037 s ∆ t CA 6 δ maks=¿ 0. v 5= 18.24 cm/s 4.89 cm/s .6279 |0.0012 s δ 2=¿ |t – ´t 2 CA2 | = | 0.5473 ± 0.6279 |s = 0.00 0.50 =¿ 32.6254 – 0.0039 x 100 =¿ 0.6254+ 0.5473 = 32.3677 = 35. v 3= 14. | = | 0.5109 = 32. v 1= 10.3188 2.94 cm/s 0.0037 = ∆ t CA RE= t CA ´ 6 = 6 PR:t CA =¿ 6 = 0.4235 = 34.6 % (4 SF) 0. v 2= 13.

94 ± 0.0023 =99.89+32.65 cm/s 32.000747 cm/s ℜ= ∆ v1 0.v x2 t √ ∆ v1 = 1.39× 1010 × 35.00001)2 + × 32.0023 v1 32.05)2 (0.05)2 (0.000523 cm/s2 .65 =33. v1 x 12 t 12 = √ = √ 2. v 6= v´ = 20.6279 = 32.000747 x 100 = x 100 =0.35 (13.39 c m/s 6 Uncertainty velocity ∆ v= √ ∆ x2 ∆ t 2 + 2 .50)2 (0.94 +35.00001)2 + x 35.27 ×105 +9. ∆ x 2 ∆ t2 + .24+32.84 × 1010 ×32.3188)2 = 0.000747∨¿ cm/s 2.94 DE=100 −KR=100 −0.00)2 (0.6.29+32.50 0. √ ∆ x 2 ∆t 2 ∆ v 2= + 2 . v2 2 x2 t2 = √ = √ 1.35+34.35 (0.48× 105 +7.94 (0.94 (10.9977 PR : v 1=|v 1 ± ∆ v 1|cm/ s PR: v 1=¿ 32.3677)2 = 0.

000407cm/s2 ℜ= ∆ v3 0.24 ± 0.000296 cm/s ∆v 0.0012 =99.9988 PR: v 3=|v 3 ± ∆ v 3| cm/s PR: v 3=|34.29 DE=100 −KR=100 −0.000407| cm/s 4. = = (0.57 ×1010 × 34. ∆ v 4= √ ∆ x2 ∆ t 2 + 2 .4235)2 √ 1.00001)2 + × 34.9991 PR: v 4 =|v 4 ± ∆ v 4|cm/s .00001)2 + × 32.000407 x 100 = × 100 =0.35 ±0.000523∨¿ cm/s √ √ ∆ x 2 ∆ t2 ∆ v 3= + 2 .19× 105+ 5.9985 PR: v 2=|v 2 ± ∆ v 2|cm/ s PR: v 2=¿ 35.29 (0.0012 v3 34.0015 v2 35.50)2 (0.18 ×106 +3.05)2 (0.50)2 (0.29 (16.05)2 (0.000523 x 100 = x 100 =0.24 = 0.0015 =99.5109)2 = 0.0009 v4 32.24 (14. v3 2 x3 t3 3.83 ×1010 ×32.0009 =99.000296 ℜ= 4 x 100 = x 100 =0. v4 2 x4 t4 = √ = √ 9.35 DE=100 −KR=100 −0.24 DE=100 −KR=100 −0.ℜ= ∆ v2 0.

89 (0.000296| cm/s ∆ v 5= 5.54 ×1010 x 32. v6 2 x6 t6 = √ = √ 5.89 ± 0.000254 cm/s ∆v 0.72×10 6+ 3.000254 ℜ= 5 x 100 = x 100 =0.0006 v6 32.95× 106 +2.000254| cm/s 6.PR: v 4 =|32.9994 PR : v 6=|v 6 ± ∆ v 6|cm/s PR: v 6=|32. ∆ v 6= √ 2 2 ∆ x ∆t + 2 .00001)2 + × 32.0008 v5 32.65 2 (0.34 ×1010 ×32.89 DE=100 −ℜ=100 −0.0006 =99.000194 cm/s ∆v 0.6279)2 ×32.65 = 0.0008 =99.05) (20.5473)2 = 0. √ ∆ x 2 ∆ t2 + 2 .05)2 (0.000194 ℜ= 6 x 100 = ×100 =0.000194| cm/s .89 (18.50)2 2 + (0.29 ±0.00001) (0.00)2 (0.9992 PR: v 5=|v 5 ± ∆ v 5| cm/s PR: v 5=|32.65 DE=100 −ℜ=100 −0.65 ± 0. v5 2 x5 t5 = √ = √ 7.

039| kg.000296 0. And inertia moment of pulley from experiment is = |4.000523 0.628 ± 0.294 m/s2.000747 32. and based on the data analysis was also obtained by the average value of the acceleration that is 0.000196 + + + + + 33. The difference that we got is cause from the pulley that we used may be is not good to working.4557 ± 0. objects often find a conflict that causes the data less well CONCLUSION .349 │cm/ s and happened because the definite measurement uncertainties and lack rigor in the use of formula. there are two of Newton’s laws are applied is the first law of newton and newton’s second law.000254 0.35 34.65 | ∆ ´v = m/s ∆ ´v =0.000215 cm/s v = |33. Probably causes errors data analisys because the rope that used have tensioned as a concequence at the time of the burden M2 move fall.00022| cm/s EXPLANATION Based on data analysis we can known in this experiment. In the experiment.| ∆ ´v = | Δ v 1 Δv 2 Δv 3 Δ v 4 Δv 5 Δ v 6 + + + + + v´ v1 v2 v3 v4 v5 v6 0.m2 and moment inertia from theory is ¿|0.6277 cm /s while based on data analysis is30.24 32.94 35.000407 0. there are two activities that the observations of the two activities proved the truth made charts and graphs through data analysis using the formula.29 32. The graph is based on data obtained from the first activity resulted a= 0.89 32.185 m/s2. m 2 .39 ±0. The difference results acceleration based on graph and data analysis cause is the tools that is used not good worked and is it influence result of analysis. The second activity ia obtained based graphich acceleration is v = 30.39 c |0.557 ± 0.0039|kg .

Jakarta: Penerbit Erlangga [3] Beiser. not occurs again error data analysis. United States of America.D.007| kg m2 SUGGESTION For assistant is more better if the apprentice before make the report you can lead them to prepared their report so.3627 ± 0. Applied Physics Fourth Edition. And in activity 2 be valid the first Newton’s Law because happened straight irrengular motion because there is no one resist of load addition which causes objects paused and now we can understand the concept of kinematics of the Newton’s Law and according to the observation result we get the value of the inertia moment in pulley is I = |I ± ∆ I |=|4. acceleration of objects little reduced because to get in the way by resist addition of load A which hollow. 2015. Arthur Ph. 1997. Fisika Jilid 1 Edisi Keempat. Douglas C.According on result of data analysis we can concluded that in activity 1 be valid the second of Newton’s Law rectilinear motion changed irregular because at the time objects get to point A. And for the laborant in laboratory can checked the tools and materials that will be used before conducted the experiment and the tools which old can be replaced to got the data is accurate REFERENCE [1] PenuntunPraktikumFisikaDasar 1.Makassar: UNM [2] Giancoli. . 2004.