You are on page 1of 31

LEC 1

SHORING
Dr Nor Rima Muhamad Ariff - BSS452 - AP229 - PPUBgn - FSPU - UiTM

LEARNING OUTCOMES :

Students are able to understand


the concept and type of shoring
works

Students are able to identify the


needs of shoring works based on a different
situations/conditions

Students are able to demonstrate the


construction of shoring works and its
components.

Dr Nor Rima Muhamad Ariff - BSS452 - AP229 - PPUBgn - FSPU - UiTM

LECTURE OUTLINES :
Temporary Structures in Construction
Shoring
Type of Shores
Racking shores
Flying shores

Dead shores

http://www.lcbconstruction.co.uk/

Dr Nor Rima Muhamad Ariff - BSS452 - AP229 - PPUBgn - FSPU - UiTM

Existing buildings ?

Why
Shoring ?
New buildings ?
Dr Nor Rima Muhamad Ariff - BSS452 - AP229 - PPUBgn - FSPU - UiTM

Shoring

Underpinning
Concrete
formwork

Falsework

TEMPORARY
STRUCTURES IN
CONSTRUCTION

Construction
ramps, runways,
and platforms

Scaffolding

Bracing

Roadway decking

And Etc.
Dr Nor Rima Muhamad Ariff - BSS452 - AP229 - PPUBgn - FSPU - UiTM

Temporary structures
Structures erected to

aid in the construction of a


permanent project.
Temporary structures are used to facilitate the construction of
buildings, bridges, tunnels, and other above- and below ground facilities by
providing:
access, support, and protection for the facility under construction, as
well as
assuring the safety of workers and the public.
Temporary structures are either dismantled and removed when the
permanent works become self-supporting or completed, or they are
incorporated into the finished work.

Temporary structures are also used in inspection,


repair, and maintenance work
Ratay, Robert T. (2014). Temporary structures in construction. In AccessScience. McGraw-Hill Education.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1036/1097-8542.757419
Dr Nor Rima Muhamad Ariff - BSS452 - AP229 - PPUBgn - FSPU - UiTM

Shoring is a temporary structure used to support


vertical loads during the process of construction. The
loads supported can be from freshly placed concrete,
existing structures, or from construction equipment.
Welch and Brain (2007) Patent Construction Systems, A Harsco Company

Timber or other material used as a temporary prop


for excavations or buildings; may be sloping,
vertical, or horizontal.
http://www.accessscience.com/search?q=shoring+&rows=10&mode=AND

Dr Nor Rima Muhamad Ariff - BSS452 - AP229 - PPUBgn - FSPU - UiTM

Shoring ..consideration
All shoring must be designed by a qualified person. Additionally, the
services of a qualified engineer will most likely be required, particularly if
columns and footings are removed.

Load transfer from columns can easily reverse the stresses in the adjacent
beams; if the shoring isnt placed correctly, and any excessive stresses
mitigated, structural components and the shoring equipment may be
compromised to the point of failure.

http://www.dhglabe.com/shoring-existing-buildings-and-structures/

Dr Nor Rima Muhamad Ariff - BSS452 - AP229 - PPUBgn - FSPU - UiTM

Temporary supporting work:

Supporting work for excavation

To

support

building

structure/element

during

construction ie. arches

Formwork for concreting

Prepare working platform using scalffolding

Temporary support to existing building using shoring


or underpinning to allow alteration or modification be
made safely to the building
Dr Nor Rima Muhamad Ariff - BSS452 - AP229 - PPUBgn - FSPU - UiTM

When ?
Common situation demanded the use of
temporary \ shores:
a)

To give support to walls which are dangerous or are


likely to become unstable due to subsistence,
bulging or leaning.

b)

To avoid failure of sound walls caused by the


removal of adjacent support e.g where a basement
is being constructed near to sound wall.

Dr Nor Rima Muhamad Ariff - BSS452 - AP229 - PPUBgn - FSPU - UiTM

c)

During demolition works to give support to an


adjacent building or structure.

d)

To support the upper section of a wall during the


formation of a large opening below such supporting
section.

e)

To give support to a floor of roof to enable a support


wall to be removed and replaced by a beam.

Dr Nor Rima Muhamad Ariff - BSS452 - AP229 - PPUBgn - FSPU - UiTM

TYPE OF SHORE :
3 basic systems of shoring which can be used saperately
or in a combination with one another to provide the
support (s):
1. Raking shoring used to support a combination of
vertical and horizontal loadings.

2. Flying shore an alternative to raking shoring to give a


clear working space at ground level.

3. Dead shore used primarily to carry vertical loadings


Chudley and Greeno (2013)

Dr Nor Rima Muhamad Ariff - BSS452 - AP229 - PPUBgn - FSPU - UiTM

TYPE OF SHORE :

Chudley and Greeno (2013)

Dr Nor Rima Muhamad Ariff - BSS452 - AP229 - PPUBgn - FSPU - UiTM

TYPE OF SHORE :

Dr Nor Rima Muhamad Ariff - BSS452 - AP229 - PPUBgn - FSPU - UiTM

RAKING SHORES :

Raking shores consists of inclined boritis called


rakers. One end of the raker is placed against the
wall whilst the other sits on the ground.
They are used to support walls that have begun to
lean or bulge.
The most effective support is given if the raker
meets the wall at an angle of 60 to 70 degrees.
In tightly packed areas, this angle will be
determined by the space available, and the width of
the footway. When providing support to an unsafe
building, it is often necessary to use both raking and
dead shores together.
Suitables material are timber structural steel and
framed tabular scaffolding
Dr Nor Rima Muhamad Ariff - BSS452 - AP229 - PPUBgn - FSPU - UiTM

A raking shore consists of the following


components:
Rakers or inclined member
Wall plate
Needles
Cleats

Bracing
Sole plate
Dr Nor Rima Muhamad Ariff - BSS452 - AP229 PPUBgn - FSPU - UiTM

Typical multiple raking shore detail :

Rest upon the ground


and support the wall by
being inclined against it

Chudley and Greeno (2013)

Dr Nor Rima Muhamad Ariff - BSS452 - AP229 - PPUBgn - FSPU - UiTM

Steel Shoring
Steel members used as temporary
supports for buildings in danger of
structural damage. As in old building
adjacent to new construction work.

Gantry
A framework on heavy legs to carry
building equipment, a working
platform, a crane or other
equipment while often allowing free
passage of pedestrians or vehicles
underneath.
http://www.builderbill-diy-help.com/steel-shoring.html

Dr Nor Rima Muhamad Ariff - BSS452 - AP229 - PPUBgn - FSPU - UiTM

RAKING SHORES :

Dr Nor Rima Muhamad Ariff - BSS452 - AP229 - PPUBgn - FSPU - UiTM

Flying Shores
A horizontal shore between two buildings to give temporary
support to one or both of them

Flying shores are simply flat boritis struts used to


provide temporary support to two pararrel walls
where one or both show signs of failure. The most
common use for this kind of support is where one
building in a terrace has collapsed and some
support has been lost to the building on either side.

For distances between walls of up to 9m or less, a


single shore may be used. For distances up to 15m,
a compound or double flying shore is needed.
Dr Nor Rima Muhamad Ariff - BSS452 - AP229 - PPUBgn - FSPU - UiTM

http://www.builderbill-diy-help.com/flying-shore.html

Chudley and Greeno (2013)


Dr Nor Rima Muhamad Ariff - BSS452 - AP229 PPUBgn - FSPU - UiTM

Chudley and Greeno (2013)


Dr Nor Rima Muhamad Ariff - BSS452 - AP229 PPUBgn - FSPU - UiTM

Chudley and Greeno (2013)


Dr Nor Rima Muhamad Ariff - BSS452 - AP229 PPUBgn - FSPU - UiTM

FLYING SHORES :

Dr Nor Rima Muhamad Ariff - BSS452 - AP229 - PPUBgn - FSPU - UiTM

Dead shores
Dead Shores or Vertical Shores, In this system of shoring, the vertical
members known as dead shores are used to support temporarily the
walls, roofs, floors, etc., by providing horizontal members known
as needles, to meet one or more of the following objectives:
(i) To rebuild the lower part of a defective load bearing wall; or
(ii) To rebuild (or replace) or deepen the existing foundations, which
have either become unsafe or require strengthening for carrying
heavier loads; or
(iii) To provide large openings in the existing walls such as doors,
windows, shop fronts or garages at a lower level.
http://www.theconstructioncivil.org/dead-or-vertical-shores/

Dr Nor Rima Muhamad Ariff - BSS452 - AP229 PPUBgn - FSPU - UiTM

Dead shores
The dead shore consists of an arrangement of beams and
posts which are required to support the weight of the structure
above and transfer same to the ground on firm foundation
below.

http://theconstructor.org/practical-guide/shoring-and-its-types/4633/

Dr Nor Rima Muhamad Ariff - BSS452 - AP229 PPUBgn - FSPU - UiTM

Dead Shores

Chudley and Greeno (2013)

Dr Nor Rima Muhamad Ariff - BSS452 - AP229 PPUBgn - FSPU - UiTM

The arrangement is shown to meet first two


objectives.
In this system, wooden need less consisting
of thick sections are used to transfer the
overhead loads to the properly braced
vertical shores.
These vertical or dead shores, in turn,
transfer those loads to the ground on firm
foundations below.
http://www.theconstructioncivil.org/dead-or-vertical-shores/

Dr Nor Rima Muhamad Ariff - BSS452 - AP229 PPUBgn - FSPU - UiTM

The arrangement is shown to meet the third objective, i.e., providing a


large opening in an existing wall. To meet this objective following
procedure is adopted.
http://www.theconstructioncivil.org/dead-or-vertical-shores/

Dr Nor Rima Muhamad Ariff - BSS452 - AP229 - PPUBgn - FSPU - UiTM

Self-assessments

the concept and type of shoring


works

the needs of shoring works based on a


different situations/conditions

http://mayntain.ca/about-us/

the construction of shoring works and


its components.

Dr Nor Rima Muhamad Ariff - BSS452 - AP229 - PPUBgn - FSPU - UiTM

End of Lec 1thank you


http://www.123rf.com/stock-photo/excavating.html

Dr Nor Rima Muhamad Ariff - BSS452 - AP229 - PPUBgn - FSPU - UiTM