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Green concrete is a revolutionary topic in the history of concrete industry.
This was first invented in Denmark in the year 1998. Green concrete has nothing to
do with colour. It is a concept of thinking environment into concrete considering
every aspect from raw materials manufacture over mixture design to structural
design, construction, and service life. It is a type of concrete that is made with
concrete waste, uses less energy in its production and produces less carbon dioxide
than normal concrete. It can be defined as the concrete with material as a partial or
complete replacement for cement or fine or coarse aggregates. The substitution
material can be waste or residual product in the manufacturing process. The
substituted materials could be waste material that remain unused and maybe harmful
(material that contains radioactive elements). This concrete should follow reduce,
reuse and recycle technique or any two process in the concrete technology. The three
major objective behind green concept in concrete are to reduce greenhouse gas
emission (carbon dioxide emission from cement industry, as one ton of cement
manufacturing process emits one ton of carbon dioxide), secondly to reduce the use
of natural resources such as limestone, shale, clay, natural river sand, natural rocks
that are being consumed for the development of mankind, thirdly to use waste
materials of concrete that occupies large area of land for its storage that results in the
air, land and water pollution.

Reduction of the concrete industry’s CO2-emmision by 30 %.

Increased concrete industry’s use of waste products by 20%.

No environmental pollution and sustainable development.

Green concrete requires less maintenance and repairs.

Green concrete has better workability than conventional concrete.

Good thermal resistant and fire resistant.

Compressive strength behaviour of concrete with water cement ratio is
similar to conventional concrete.

Flexural strength of green concrete is almost equal to that of conventional


By using stainless steel, cost of reinforcement increases.

Structures constructed with green concrete have comparatively less life
than structures with conventional concrete.

Split tension of green concrete is less than that of conventional concrete.

So use of green concrete in future will not only reduce the emission of CO 2 and
lessen the environmental impact but also increase the economy. It will result in
sustainable development without destruction of natural resources.