You are on page 1of 4

SSRG International Journal of Civil Engineering (SSRG-IJCE) EFES April2015

Self Compacting Concrete Made with Partial


Replacement of Sugarcane Bagasse Ash
Mahavir Singh Rawat#1
#

Assistant Professor, Department of Civil Engineering, IFTM University, Moradabad

Abstract-Self-compacting concrete is a highly flow able, stable


concrete which flows readily into places around congested
reinforcement, filling formwork without any consolidation and
significant segregation. The main objective of this study is to
investigate the effect on the fresh and harden mechanical
properties of self compacted concrete, when OPC is partially
replaced by 10 % of Sugarcane Bagasse Ash (SCBA).
Experimental test are performed with different locally
available material to check the quality of SCC. The fresh
concrete properties (filling ability and passing ability)and
harden mechanical properties (compressive strength and split
tensile strength) were obtained by conducting respective tests as
per Indian Standards. The average of three samples was used
as representative strength. On the basis of experimental results
it may also conclude that with increasing the percentage of
Sugarcane Bagasse Ash the fresh and harden properties of
concrete get affected.
Keywords: - Self-compacting Concrete; Sugarcane Bagasse Ash;
Fresh Properties; Hardened Concrete Properties

I.

INTRODUCTION

Selfcompacting concrete (SCC) is as


emerging technology to the construction industry,
and has been described as the most revolutionary
development in concrete construction for several
decades. it was first developed in Japan in 1986 by
Okamura of the Koche University of Technology,
which can be defined as concrete that is able to
flow and consolidate under its own weight,
completely fill the formwork even in the presence
of dense reinforcement,
whilst
maintaining
homogeneity and without the need for any
additional compaction.

world. It is the worlds most consumed construction


material because it combines good mechanical and
durability properties, mould ability to any desired
shape and relatively inexpensive. It is basically
composed of three components: cement, water and
aggregates. Cement plays a great role in the
production of concrete and is the most expensive of
all other concrete making materials. In addition,
there is environmental concern in the production of
cement.
Due to this, requirements for more economical
and environmental-friendly cementing materials
have extended interest in partial cement
replacement materials. Now days, with increasing
demand and consumption of cement, researchers
and scientist are in search of developing alternate
binders that are eco-friendly and contribute towards
waste management.
Sugarcane Bagasse Ash (SCBA) was obtained
by burning of sugarcane at 700 to 800C and the
bagasse ash were then ground until the particles
passing the 150 micron. when this bagasse is burned
under controlled conditions, it gives ash having
amorphous silica, which has pozzolanic properties
therefore it is possible to use SCBA as a mineral
admixture with cement as replacement material to
improve quality and reduce the cost of construction
materials in concrete.

For any construction, concrete is one of the


most commonly used construction material in the

ISSN: 2348 8352

www.internationaljournalssrg.org

Page 113

SSRG International Journal of Civil Engineering (SSRG-IJCE) EFES April2015

Sr.
No

Name of
compound

Tricalcium
silicate

Dicalcium
silicate

Tricalcium
aluminate

Tetracalciu
m
aluminoferr
ite

II.

Oxide
composition

3CaO.SiO2

2CaO.SiO2

3CaO.Al2O3

4CaO.Al2O3.
Fe2O3

Abb
rev.

C3S

C2S

C3A

C4A
F

Appro
x. %

Function

45-55

Mainly
responsible
for early
strength (1 to
7 days)

15-20

TABLE 2
CHEMICAL COMPOSITION OF SCBA

Mainly
responsible
for later
strength (7
days and
beyond)

20-30

6-10

Bazpur Sugar Mill produces fine quality white


Sugar having crushing capacity of 4,000 tonnes per
day with a large quantity of SCBA.For preparing
the SCBA concrete, 0%, 10% and 15% OPC was
replaced by SCBA

C3A
increases rate
of hydration
of C3S. C3A
gives flash
set in absence
of gypsum
It hydrates
rapidly but
Its
contribution
to strength is
uncertain and
generally
very low.

EXPERIMENTAL INVESTIGATION

i.

1) Cement

Ordinary Portland cement (Grade 43) was used.


TABLE 1
PHYSICAL CHARACTERISTICS OF PORTLAND CEMENT

Type of
cement

Soundness
Test
Lecchateli
er
(%) max.

43 grade
OPC
(is 81121989

225

10

Setting
time(min)
Ini.

30

Min. Compressive
strength (mpa)

Fin.

3
d

7
d

28
d

600

23

33

43

2) Sugarcane Bagasse Ash (SCBA)

The
SCBA
obtained
from
Bazpur
Cooperative Sugar Factory Ltd Bazpur Distt.Udham Singh Nagar State (Uttarakhand)was used.

ISSN: 2348 8352

Residual Bagasse Ash (%)

SiO2

78.34

Al2

8.55

Fe2O

3.61

CaO

2.15

Na2O

0.12

K2O

3.46

MnO

0.13

TiO2

0.50

BaO

<0.16

P2O5

1.07

Loss of Ignition

0.42

Aggregate

Natural sand and crushed aggregate from Gola


river (Haldwani, Uttrakhand) were used. The sand
complied with the requirements of BS812. The
specific gravity and fineness modulus of fine
aggregate was 2.60 and 2.59 respectively.

A. Materials

Finene
ss
m2/kg
(min)

Chemical
Composition

ii.
Superplasticizer
Conplast SP430-SRV obtained from Fosroc
chemicals (I) ltd. was used in present experimental
research. It conforms to Indian standard code, IS:
9103-1999. Conplast SP430-SRV is used where a
high degree of workability is required and also as
an aid to workability retention where delays in
transportation or placing are likely or when high
ambient temperatures cause rapid slump loss to
facilitate production of high quality concrete of
improved durability and water tightness 2 litres of
superplasticizer per 100 kg of cementitious

www.internationaljournalssrg.org

Page 114

SSRG International Journal of Civil Engineering (SSRG-IJCE) EFES April2015


material was used as per the manufacture
recommendations.
TEST TECHNIQUES AND PROCEDURES

In this experimental work, concrete specimens


were casted into the cube moulds (150 mm x 150
mm x 150mm) for compressive test and cylinder
moulds (150 x 300mm) for splitting tensile test.
The mix design of concrete was done according to
Indian Standard guidelines for M 20 grade and the
water cement ratio are 0.50.The specimens were
cured in water for 28 days at room temperature.
The average of three samples was used as
representative strength.
IV.

RESULTS AND DISCUSSION

A. Fresh Concrete

28 days Cylinder Splitting tensile test


4
splitting tensile strength (Mpa)

III.

in the percentage of replacement of cement by


Sugarcane Bagasse Ash which is shown in below
chart:

cylinder

3.5
3
2.5
2
1.5
1
0.5

TABLE 3
FRESH CONCRETE PROPERTIES OF SCC WITH SCBA

Slump test
VFunnel
(sec)

J-Ring
L-Box
Height (H2/H1) Orimet
Result
difference ratio
(sec)
(mm)

6 - 12

3 - 10

0.8 1

0-5

12
9

10
9.1

0.97
0.91

8
5

Failed*
Failed*
Failed*
Failed*
passed

28 days cube compressive strength

SCC 6 720

7.2

0.88

passed

SCC 7 870

0.80

Failed#

Failed* = Slump Flow value below the standard limits (concrete


does not flow)
Failed# = Slump Flow value beyond the standard limits
(segregation occurs, concrete over flows)

44
compressive strength (Mpa)

Slump
Mix
Flo T50
w
(Se
(mm
c)
)
Limit
valu
650-800 2 - 5
e
SCC 1 400
SCC 2 480
SCC 3 520
SCC 4 600
8
SCC 5 655
5

2
No of sample

42
Cube
40
38
36
34
32
1

No of sample

B. Harden Concrete Properties

The Compressive strength of concrete after 7 days


and 28 days of curing decreases with the increase

ISSN: 2348 8352

Fig 1 Comparison of 28 days cube compressive strength and cylinder splitting test

www.internationaljournalssrg.org

Page 115

SSRG International Journal of Civil Engineering (SSRG-IJCE) EFES April2015


REFERENCES
Ganesan K., K. Rajagopal and K. Thangavel, Evaluation of
bagasse ash as supplementary cementitious material, Cement
and Concrete Composites, 29, 515 524, 2007.
[2] Siddique Rafat (2011). Properties of self-compacting concrete
containing class F fly ash Materials and Design 32:15011507
[3] Vanathi.M and Dr.T.S. Thandavamoorthy Potential utilization
of bagasse ash steel fiber reinforced concrete-an
experimentalstudy Australian journal of basic and applied
sciences, 8(6) april 2014, pages: 239-244
[4] Hariharan. V and G.Sivakumar, Studies on synthesized
nanosilica obtained from bagasse ash International Journal of
Chem Tech Research, vol.5, No.3, 1263-1266, 2013.
[5] Farediwala M.A and Amnum.A.J (2012). Relation between
workability and compressive strength of self-compacting
concrete international journal of advanced engineering research
and studies ijaers/vol. i/ issue iii/april-june, 2012/09-11
[6] G.Sivakumar, V.Hariharan and S.Barathan, Preparation of Biocement using sugarcane bagasse ash and its Hydration behavior
International Journal of Science, Engineering and Technology
Research (IJSETR) Volume 2, Issue 10, October 2013
[7] M. Balakrishnan, V.S. Batra Valorization of solid waste in
sugar factories with possible applications in India: review
journal of Environmental Mangement, 92, 2886-2891, 2011.
[8] Paya. J, J. Monzo, MV. Borrachero, Studies on its properties for
reusing in concrete production Journal of Chemical technology
and Biotechnology, 77, 321-325, 2002.
[9] Mrs.U.R.Kawade,, Mr.V.R.Rathi,, Miss Vaishali D. Girge,
Effect of use of Bagasse Ash on Strength of Concrete,
International Journal of Innovative Research in Science,
Engineering and Technology, Vol. 2, Issue 7, July 2013
[10] Anand.N, Prince Arulraj.G (2011). The effect of elevated
temperature on concrete materials - a literature review
international journal of civil and structural engineering volume 1,
no 4
[11] D. Rao Monal and Yaragal S.C (2012). Studies on elevated
temperatures and quenching effects on blended concretes
international journal of applied engineering and technology vol.
2 (2)
[1]

ISSN: 2348 8352

www.internationaljournalssrg.org

Page 116