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How to read the ASME Code?

21 Slides

30 2010

How to read ASME Code Prepared by SCB

Slide No.1

Wh t is
What
i Code?
C d ?
 A Code is a standard that has been adopted by one or
more governmental bodies and has the force of law
e.g. ASME Code.
C d
 One can refer ASME Code as ASME Standard when it
has no enforcement of law
law.
 Code will not retroactive, except errata.

30 2010

How to read ASME Code Prepared by SCB

Slide No.2

What is Standard?
 Standard is a set of technical definitions and guidelines,
how to instructions for designers, manufacturers and
users.
 Standards promote safety, reliability, productivity and
efficiency in almost every industry that relies on engineering
components or equipment
equipment.
 Standards can run from a few paragraphs to hundreds of
pages, and are written by experts with knowledge and
expertise in a particular field who sit on many committees
 Standards do not enforce of law but become mandatory
when they have been incorporated into a business contract
or incorporated
i
d into
i
regulations.
l i
 Their use is voluntary because they serve as guidelines.

30 2010

How to read ASME Code Prepared by SCB

Slide No.3

Hierarchyy of Standards in USA and


Canada
 ASME Boiler and Pressure vessel Code
Construction
Construction* Codes : Section II, III
III, IV
IV, VIII and X
Referenced** Codes : B 31.1, Section II, V and IX
In
In-service
service Codes
: Section VI,
VI VII and XI
Standards, Recommendations : ANSI, ASTM,
ASNT, AWS
 National Board Inspection Code

30 2010

How to read ASME Code Prepared by SCB

Slide No.4

ASME BPV Code books


SECTIONS
I
Rules for Construction of Power Boilers
II
Materials

Part A - Ferrous Material Specifications

Part B - Nonferrous Material Specifications

Part C - Specifications for Welding Rods,


Electrodes, and Filler Metals

Part D - Properties (Customary)

Part D - Properties (Metric)


III
Subsection NCA - General Requirements for Division 1
and Division 2
III
Division 1

Subsection NB - Class 1 Components

Subsection NC - Class 2 Components

Subsection ND - Class 3 Components

Subsection NE - Class MC Components

Subsection NF - Supports

Subsection NG - Core Support Structures

Subsection NH - Class 1 Components in Elevated


Temperature Service

Appendices
III
Division 2 - Code for Concrete Containments
III
Di i i 3 - Containments
Division
C t i
t ffor T
Transportt and
d Storage
St
off
Spent Nuclear Fuel and High Level Radioactive Material
and Waste

30 2010

SECTIONS
IV
Rules for Construction of Heating Boilers
V
Nondestructive Examination
VI
Recommended Rules for the Care and Operation of
g Boilers
Heating
VII Recommended Guidelines for the Care of Power
Boilers
VIII Rules for Construction of Pressure Vessels

Division 1

Division 2 - Alternative Rules

Division 3 - Alternative Rules for Construction of


High Pressure Vessels
IX
Welding and Brazing Qualifications
X
Fiber-Reinforced Plastic Pressure Vessels
XI
Rules for Inservice Inspection of Nuclear Power Plant
Components
XII Rules for Construction and Continued Service of
Transport Tanks

How to read ASME Code Prepared by SCB

Slide No.5

ASME CODE REVISION


 Editions:
Issuance new edition every 3 years e.g. 2004, 2007on 1st of July
 Addenda:
The replacement-page format colored-sheets which include
revisions and additions to individual section of the Code section
are issued annually (1st of July) and become mandatory 6 months
after issuance. The new edition is the reprinted of previous edition
when
h add
dd th
the second
d addenda.
dd d
 They may be used beginning with the date of issuance shown on
the addenda.
 Selection of Edition and Addenda depend on the Edition &
Addenda mandate on the contracted date.
30 2010

How to read ASME Code Prepared by SCB

Slide No.6

Code issuance and mandatory date


Edition/Addeda
ED. 2007
ADD. 08
ADD 09
ADD.

Issue date
1 July 2007
1 July 2008
1 July 2009

Mandatory date
1 Jan 2008
1 Jan 2009
1 Jan 2010

Ed. 2010(2007+2)
(
)

1 July
y 2010

1 Jan 2011

30 2010

How to read ASME Code Prepared by SCB

Slide No.7

Code revision Process


Published Code Revision
Public Review & Comment
Board on Pressure Technology Codes and Standards
Boiler & Pressure Vessel Code Main Committee
Subcommittee
Subgroup
Task Group
for:
Technical revisions;
Code Editions and Addenda;;
Interpretation;
Code cases.
30 2010

How to read ASME Code Prepared by SCB

Slide No.8

ASME Interpretations
ASME,
 Only ASME BPVC can issue interpretations.
 They are official opinion of ASME BPVC, starting in 1977.
 Written replies, explain or clarify rules to inquiries
concerning interpretation of technical aspects of the Code.
 Issued by ASME Code committees upon request
request.
 Interpretation do not establish new Code rules.
 Used to p
published semiannually
y ((July
y and December)) until
2004 and issue annually in July beginning with 2004 Edition.
 Not a part of the Code, to receive the paperback volume of
the Interpretations,
Interpretations it was necessary to subscribe and pay
for fee.

30 2010

How to read ASME Code Prepared by SCB

Slide No.9

ASME Code cases


ASME,
 Formulated by ASME Code committees for special situation so called a Case.
 Clarify existing Code requirements.
 Provide rule for new materials and new form of constructions when not covered by
existing Code rules,
rules when need is urgent
urgent.
 Code case have a limited life, usually 3 years, unless the Committee reaffirms them for
another 3 years or may also be annulled at any time by the committee.
 Using Code cases is not mandatory. They are permissive only (It is the opinion of the
committee that). They are an extension of the Code.
 When a Code Case is used, the Code Case number must be listed on the Data Report.
 Effective immediately upon ASME approval. (to provide for the early implementation of
new or revised Code rule since it need only two or three months to approve it!!!).
 Can be become a part of the Code after gain experience over a period of time with new
forms of construction
construction, or new design rules before changing the Code to include them.
them
 The ASME published Code Cases in two Code cases books: Boilers and Pressure
Vessel, and Nuclear Components.

30 2010

How to read ASME Code Prepared by SCB

Slide No.10

ASME Errata
ASME,
 Correction of the Code e.g.., printing error.
 is immediately mandatory and is retroactive.

30 2010

How to read ASME Code Prepared by SCB

Slide No.11

ASME Code
 Based on historical data and experience which has
pp
to the Code rules over the period
p
been applied
from 1911 to the present.
 Therefore, the Code are not design Codes but
rather, a set of checks and balances to be applied
to the design once formulated.
 Is written as if one were viewing a finished
construction.
 Most
M t equations
ti
may be
b used
d as GoG NoGoN G Gages
G
as applied to the finished product.
30 2010

How to read ASME Code Prepared by SCB

Slide No.12

Using ASME Code


 Forward
This Code contains mandatory requirements,
requirements
specific prohibitions, and non-mandatory guidance
for construction activities. The Code does not
address all aspects of these activities and those
aspects which are not specifically addressed
should not be considered prohibited
prohibited.
 User
U
mustt seeking
ki
where
h
is
i prohibited
hibit d and
d
Everything not prohibited is permitted.
30 2010

How to read ASME Code Prepared by SCB

Slide No.13

Using ASME Code


 Forward
The Code does not fully address tolerances
tolerances. When
dimensions, sizes, or other parameters are not
specified with tolerances, the values of these
parameters are considered nominal and allowable
tolerances or local variances may be considered
acceptable when based on engineering judgment
and standard practices as determined by the
designer.

30 2010

How to read ASME Code Prepared by SCB

Slide No.14

ASME Code Key words


Shall, Will

: mandatory

May not

: prohibited

May, Can

: recommendations
d i

Except Unless
Except,

: exemption from prohibition

Should

: recommendations or
mandatory but looking for
alternative
Slide No.15

ASME Code Text


 Parenthesis expression
 Foot note
 Punctuation

30 2010

: units conversion
: caution

pause

can be followed by ; ands or ors and


finished by . First sentence will set
the plan

stop
How to read ASME Code Prepared by SCB

Slide No.16

Paragraph outline structure


UW-51 Main paragraph
(a) First level sub
sub-paragraph
paragraph
(1) Second level sub-paragraph

Or
QW-201 Main paragraph
QW-201.1 First level sub-paragraph
(1) Second level sub-paragraph

30 2010

How to read ASME Code Prepared by SCB

Slide No.17

Searching Technique
 Use the table of contents for the searching
j
Table contents are revised annually.
y
subject.
 Use the index sometime very helpful for a smart
key-word. They are seldom revised (6 to 10 years).

30 2010

How to read ASME Code Prepared by SCB

Slide No.18

SI units versus U
U.S.
S customary units

Quantity

MANDATORY APPENDIX 33
STANDARD UNITS FOR USE IN EQUATIONS
TABLE 33-1
STANDARD UNITS FOR USE IN EQUATIONS
U.S. Customary Units

SI Unlts

Linear dimensions (e.g., length, height, thickness, radius, diameter)


Area
Volume
Section modulus
M
Moment
t off inertia
i ti off section
ti
Mass (weight)
Force (load)
Bending moment

inches (in.)
square inches (in.2)
cubic inches (in.3)
cubic inches (in.3)
i h 4 (in
inches4
(i 4)
pounds mass (Ibm)
pounds farce (ibf)
inch-pounds (in.-lb)

millimeters (mm)
square millimeters (mm2)
cubic millimeters (mm3)
cubic miiiimeterr (mm3)
miliimeters'
ilii t ' ((mm4)
kilograms (kg)
newtons (N)
newton-millimeters (N.mm)

Pressure, stress, stress intensity, and modulus of elasticity


Energy kg., Charpy impact values)
Temperature degrees
Absolute temperatwe
Fracture toughness
Angle
Boiler capacitv

pounds per square inch (psi)


foot-pounds (ft-b)
Fahrenheit (oF)
Rankine (R)
ksi square root inches (ksiin.)
degrees or radians
Btu/hr

megapascals (MPa)
joules (J)
degrees Celsius (oC)
kelvin (K)
MPa square root meters
degrees or radians
watts (W)

30 2010

How to read ASME Code Prepared by SCB

Slide No.19

U 4 Unit of Measurement
U-4
 Allow mixing of different measuring units.
 Only one system is expected in all aspect of design. However, the local customary units may
be used to design and document of that component. Similarly, for proprietary components.
 Only one system shall be used for a single equation
equation.
 When separate equations are provided for both units (SI unit or US customary unit), other
local customary units may be converted and used in that equation. The result obtained from
execution of these equations may be converted to other units.
 Production, measurement and test equipment, drawings, welding procedure specifications,
welding
ldi procedure
d
and
d performance
f
qualifications,
lifi ti
and
d other
th ffabrication
b i ti d
documents
t may b
be iin
U.S. Customary, SI, or local customary units in accordance with the fabricator's practice.
When values shown in calculations and analysis, fabrication documents, or measurement and
test equipment are in different units, any conversions necessary for verification of Code
compliance and to ensure that dimensional consistency is maintained, shall be in accordance
with
ith th
the ffollowing:
ll i
(a) Conversion factors (found in non-mandatory Appendix GG) shall be accurate to at least
four significant figures.
(b) The results of conversions of units shall be expressed to a minimum of three significant
figures.
figures
 All entries on a Manufacturer's Data Report and data for Code required nameplate marking
shall be in units consistent with the fabrication drawings for the component using U.S.
Customary, SI, or local customary units. It is acceptable to show alternate units
parenthetically.

30 2010

How to read ASME Code Prepared by SCB

Slide No.20

Q/A Units of Measurement


Q/A,
 Question (1): Is it acceptable to maintain welder performance
qualification records in SI units, with a conversion table as part
of the welding manual to ensure that qualification limits are not
exceeded?
?
 Reply (1): Yes. Code Case 2523 provides information about
when such conversions are required and the requirements for
performing such conversions.
conversions
 Question (2): Is it acceptable to maintain welding procedure
specifications that are dual dimensioned with SI units primary
and U.S. Customary units in parentheses, with a conversion
table as part of the welding manual to ensure that qualification
limits are not exceeded?
 Reply
R l (2)
(2): Y
Yes. C
Code
d Case
C
2523 provides
id information
i f
ti about
b t
when such conversions are required and the requirements for
performing such conversions.

Slide No.21

Coffee Break

Any Question?

Slide No.22