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TEST CODE

FORM TP 201303

01202010

MAY/JUNE 2013

CARIBBEAN EXAMINATIONS COUNCIL


CARIBBEAN SECONDARY EDUCATION CERTIFICATE
- EXAMINATION
AGRICULTURAL SCIENCE
(Double Award)
Paper 01- General Proficiency
1 hour 15 minutes

( 10 MAY 2013 (a.m.) )


READ THE FOLLOWING INSTRUCTIONS CAREFULLY.
1.

This test consists of 60 items. You will have 1 hour and 15 minutes to answer them.

2.

In addition to this test booklet, you should have an answer sheet.

3.

Each item in this test has four suggested answers lettered (A), (B), (C), (D). Read each item
you are about to answer and decide which choice is best.

4.

On your answer sheet, find the number which corresponds to your item and shade the space
having the same letter as the answer you have chosen. Look at how it is done in the sample
item below.
Sample Item
Which of the following animals has the highest dressing percentage?
(A)
(B)
(C)
(D)

Chicken
Pig
Goat
Cow

Sample Answer

The best answer to this item is "Chicken", so answer space (A) has been shaded.

-------

iiiiiii

iiiiiii

5.

If you want to change your answer, be sure to erase it completely before you fill in your new
choice.

6.

When you are told to begin, turn the page and work as quickly and as carefully as you can.
If you cannot answer an item, go on to the next one. You may return to this item later. Your
score will be the total number of correct answers.

DO NOT TURN THIS PAGE UNTIL YOU ARE TOLD TO DO SO.

! !!!!!

Copyright 2011 Caribbean Examinations Council


All rights reserved.

01202010/F 2013

- 2 1.

A farmer who does NOT use pesticides


or chemical fertilizers is MOST likely
practising
(A)
(B)
(C)
(D)

6.

(A)
(B)
(C)
(D)

crop farming
mixed farming
organic farming
continuous farming
7.

2.

Gross Domestic Product is the total value


of
(A)
(B)
(C)
(D)

3.

(D)

management of animals
control and use of insects
growth of ornamental plants
growth and management of crops

9.

Lack of infrastructure
Trade barriers
Land tenure
Topography

Biodiversity refers to the


(A)
(B)
(C)

(D)

impactofhumansonagivenhabitat
differences in the individuals within
each species
different species of organisms and
the variety of habitats in which
they live
different habitats in which animals
live

organic farming
tissue culture
hydroponics
trough culture

If the price of a product at farmgate is high,


farmers will want to
(A)
(B)
(C)
(D)

10.

Good Marketing Practices


Gqod Manufacturing Practices
Good Modern Products
Good Marketing Prices

The growing of crops without soil is called


(A)
(B)
(C)
(D)

Which of the following constraints to agriculture CANNOT be remedied by the government?


(A)
(B)
(C)
(D)

5.

8.

Central Depository Bank


Caribbean Diversified Bank
Central Development Bank
Caribbean Development Bank

In food safety, the acronym GMP stands


for
(A)
(B)
(C)
(D)

An agronomist is a person who specialises


in the study of the
(A)
(B)
(C)

4.

goods consumed by a country


services provided to other countries
goods and services produced in a
country
goods and services sold to other
countries

The acronym CDB represents

introduce cheaper substitutes


supply the same amount
supply more
supply less

A central agency buys from farmers and sells


to consumers. The agency also sets certain
prices for agricultural produce. Functions
such as these relate MAINLY to
(A)
(B)
(C)
(D)

distribution
marketing
consumption
production

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01202010/F 2013

- 3 11.

Which of the following is NOT considered


a factor of production?
(A)
(B)
(C)
(D)

12.

(B)
(C)
(D)

Which ofthe following is LEAST important


when a farmer is applying for a loan?
(A)
(B)
(C)
(D)

Land
Capital
Marketing
Management

On a subsistence farm, labour is mainly


supplied by
(A)

14.

15.

Which of the following are true about the


management structure of a cooperative?
I.

hired workers
the farmer and his family
the farmer using machinery
the farmer and seasonal workers

A resume
A budget
Collateral
Credit history

II.
III.

Officers are elected every two


years.
It is managed by an elected
committee.
All farmers of good character can
join the cooperative.

Item 13 refers to the following graph.


(A)

(B)
(C)

(D)
Output
(tomato)

16.

Stage II

(B)
(C)

Input (fertilizer)

13.

Which stage would be MOST economical


for the farmer to produce tomato?
(A)

(B)
(C)

(D)

I only
II only
III only
I and II only

Subsidies are granted


(A)

Stage III

(D)
17.

I and II only
I and III only
II and III only
I, II and III

as welfare to farmers
to encourage production
to prevent praedial larceny
to offset input price increases

Which ofthe following is NOT a fixed cost?


(A)

(B)
(C)
(D)

Depreciation of farm machinery


Repairs to buildings
Insurance
Taxes

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01202010/F 2013

- 4 18.

Farm records enable a farmer to


(A)
(B)
(C)

(D)

22.

market his goods


calculate opportunity cost
solve disease problems
plan and budget for his enterprise

A soil sample taken from Ms Ali's farm


shows a pH reading of7.0. This soil is said
to be
(A)
(B)
(C)

(D)
19.

Which ofthe following statements describe


a partial budget?

23 .
I.

II.
III.

(A)
(B)
(C)

(D)
20.

It contains only those income and

expense items which change, and


not total values.
It is used in situations that require
a change in the farm plan.
The profitability of different farms
can be compared.
I and II only
I and III only
II and III only
I, II and III

(D)

24.

(A)
(B)
(C)

(D)

(D)
25.

surface run-off
type of vegetation
water-holding capacity
type of parent material

plant down the hill


practise crop rotation
use heavy machinery
practise contour farming

Rainfall pattern over the last ten years can


be used as
(A)
(B)
(C)
(D)

26.

Fungi
Viruses
Bacteria
Actinomycetes

To reduce the impact of water flowing


down a hillside, a farmer should
(A)
(B)
(C)

The University of the West Indies


Organisation of American States
Food and Agriculture Organisation
Caribbean Food and Nutrition
Institute

The type of soil that is formed in an area


depends MAINLY on the

Which of the following are found in the


root nodules
., of leguminous plants?
(A)
(B)
(C)
(D)

Which ofthe following organisations aims to


promote agricultural development, improve
nutrition and pursue food security?
(A)
(B)
(C)

21 .

alkaline
neutral
slightly acidic
slightly alkaline

an inventory record
a production record
a financial record
a prediction record

Which of the following crops


usually harvested mechanically?
(A)
(B)
(C)

(D)

lS

NOT

Com
Rice
Watermelon
Sugarcane

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01202010/F 2013

- 5 -

27.

Which of the following practices will NOT


assist in maintaining soil fertility?
(A)
(B)

(C)
(D)

32.

Staking
Mulching
Crop rotation
Good drainage

Which of the following are true for


mitosis?
I.
II.
III.

28.

The development of roots on a stem to form


a new plant while it is still attached to the
parent plant is known as

(A)
(B)

(C)
(A)
(B)

(C)
(D)

budding
layering
grafting
cutting

(D)

33.

Species chromosome number is the


same.
Characteristics of the species are
the same.
New plants have a different growth
habit from parent plants.
I and II only
I and III only
II cind III only
I, II and III

An organism can have genes added to it to

improve food production. This process is


called
29.

Hypogeal germination is shown by


(A)
(B)
(C)
(D)

(A)
(B)

corn
ochro
tomato
string bean

(C)
(D)

34.
30.

Which of the following are necessary for


photosynthesis to occur?
I.
II.
III.

Chlorophyll
Carbon dioxide
Oxygen

(A)
(B)

I and II only
I and III only
II and III only
I, II and III

(C)
(D)

When using a garden fork, it should be


inserted at a slight angle (not vertically)
into the ground
(A)
(B)

(C)
(D)

to increase aeration of the soil


to improve drainage of the soil
to protect organisms in the soil
for ease of penetration into the soil

Farmer Derek has a farm on 20 hectares


ofland. He cultivates vegetables, irrigates
his crops with water from a pond in which
he rears tilapia, and grows ducks in a pen
that extends over the pond. This type of
farming is BEST described as
(A)
(B)

(C)
(D)

35.
31.

cloning
mutation
tissue culture
genetic engineering

mixed farming
mixed cropping
plantation system
monoculture system

A cultural method of controlling weeds is


the use of
(A)
(B)

(C)
(D)

mulch
karmex
parasites
tillage

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01202010/F 2013

- 6 36.

The length of time a farmer should wait to


harvest crops after applying pesticides is
known as the
(A)
(B)
(C)
(D)

40.

(A)
(B)
(C)
(D)

harvest interval
preharvestinterval
residual effect
time of harvesting
41.

37.

Cucumber planted from seeds would be


ready for harvest after
(A)
(B)
(C)
(D)

38.

Which of the following animals regurgitates


food, chews it and swallows it again?
(A)
(B)
(C)
(D)

weeks
weeks
weeks
months

drying
freezing
fermenting
preservmg

Pig
Goht
Rabbit
Poultry

Items 42-43 refer to the following diagram


showing part of the digestive tract of poultry.

Plant tissue culture ensures that


I.
II.
III.

(A)
(B)
(C)
(D)

39.

2
4
6
6

The technique which can be used to remove


the water content of a crop is

certified virus- free plants are


produced
new varieties can be selected
quickly
seasonal changes do not affect
plantlet production
I and II only
I and III only
II and III only
I, II and III

Which of the following are advantages of


processing hot peppers?
I.
II.
III.

(A)
(B)
(C)
(D)

42.

Allows the farmer to maximise


profits
Reduces the incidence of postharvest disease
Prolongs the storage life of the
produce
I and II only
I and III only
II and III only
I, II and III

Which of the parts labelled I, II, III and IV


is the proventriculus?

(A)
(B)
(C)
(D)

43.

I
II
III
IV

The function of the part labelled II is to


(A)
(B)
(C)
(D)

grind food
store food
secrete gastric juices
facilitate regurgitation
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01202010/F 2013

- 7 -

44.

Fish meal in an animal ration is a rich source


of
(A)
(B)
(C)
(D)

47.

A broiler farmer uses the formula


x
Total kg of feed eaten
100
Total kg of live weight gain

fat
protein
vitamin
carbohydrate

to calculate
(A)
(B)
(C)
(D)

Items 45-46 refer to the following diagram


of a hen's egg.
48.

Legumes ar~ planted in a pasture MAINLY


to
(A)
(B)
(C)
(D)

II

45.

The part labelled I is the


(A)
(B)
(C)
(D)

46.

49.

yolk
albumen
chalaza
air space

The function of the part labelled II is to


(A)
(B)
(C)
(D)

provide oxygen
rotate the yolk
facilitate cell division of the ovum
provide food for the developing
embryo

mr

feed
water
forage

The BEST type of soil on which to establish


a fish farm is
(A)
(B)
(C)
(D)

51.

provide variety for animals


increase carbohydrate content
provide extra vitamins and minerals
increase the protein content of a
diet

When building pens for animals, the farmer


must ensure that they are well ventilated.
This is done to facilitate the movement of
(A)
(B)
(C)
(D)

50.

GMP
LCR
FCR
GAP

sand
silt
clay
loam

Which of the following are breeds of


poultry?
(A)
(B)
(C)
(D)

Leghorn, Plymouth Rock, New


Hampshire
Barbados Blackbelly, Persian Black
Head, Dorper
Saanen, Toggenburg, AngloNubian
Landrace, Hampshire, Jersey

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0 1202010/F 2013

- 8 52.

Which of the following animals is reared


for milk production?
(A)
(B)
(C)
(D)

53.

58.

Cloning
Gene transfer
Embryo transfer
Artificial insemination

(B)
(A)
(B)
(C)
(D)

Fertilization
Ovulation
Parturition
Gestation

(C)
(D)

60.
55.

Two diseases affecting rabbits are


(A)
(B)
(C)
(D)

mastitis and pullorum


coccidiosis and snu:ffies
bronchitis and brucellosis
coccidiosis and Newcastle disease

Broiler birds with signs of blisters on the


face, legs and other body parts are M OST
likely infected with
(A)
(B)
(C)
(D)

provide brooding conditions for


chicks
prevent the condition called egg
bound
artificially incubate eggs
reduce cannibalism in poultry

Which of the following is the correct


order for the processes involved in the
marketing of eggs?
(A)
(B)

(C)
56.

mate with the queen


prbtect the hive
produce honey
forage for nectar and pollen

Debeaking is a procedure used to


(A)

Which of the following occurs during the


oestrus cycle?

test fruit for ripeness


biologically control pests
prevent praedial larceny
increase fruit production

The function of the drone in a hive is to


(A)
(B)
(C)
(D)

59.
54.

Bees are of economic importance to a citrus


farmer because they
(A)
(B)
(C)
(D)

Holstein
Landrace
Jamaica Red
Jamaica Black

A cow has difficulties conceiving due to


fertility problems. Which of the following
techniques is used to overcome this problem?
(A)
(B)
(C)
(D)

57.

(D)

Collect ----+ sort ----+ clean ----+ grade


----+package
Collect ----+ clean ----+ grade ----+ sort
----+package
Collect ----+ clean ----+ sort ----+ grade
----+package
Collect ----+ grade ----+ clean ----+ sort
----+package

fowl pox disease


fowl cholera
Marex
Gumbaro disease

ENDOFTEST
IF YOU FINISH BEFORE TIME IS CALLED, CHECK YOUR WORK 0
01203010/F 2013

TillS TEST.