introduction to mechanics politecnico di milano

© All Rights Reserved

7 views

introduction to mechanics politecnico di milano

© All Rights Reserved

- As 5100.6-2004 Bridge Design Steel and Composite Construction
- Strength of Materials 1
- Effects of Increasing Allowable Compressive Stressat Prestress Transfer
- Beam Bending Lab Report
- Analytical Predictions of OOP Strength of masonry walls
- 09- (Beams) Design of Beams Due to Shear (2016)
- Moment Curvature
- Preliminary-Sizing-Design-by-Richard-the-Great.xlsx
- EXPERIMENTAL CHARACTERIZATION OF COMMERCIALLY AVAILABLE GROUTS FOR USE IN MASONRY STRUCTURES
- Beam Design Forces Fromstaad
- Dissertation Vinh 2010
- Manual ADC 8.3
- An Alternative Procedure for Seismic Evaluation and Strengthening2
- prEN 10149-1 (2011).pdf
- 123980-338818-1-SM.pdf
- KA30603 Lecture 2b Load Distribution
- 13_3239
- ME2404 SET2
- 12_146.pdf
- Prof. Zahid Ahmad Siddiqi Lec-3-Flexural Analysis and Design of Beamns

You are on page 1of 76

STRUCTURES

Prof. Marco di Prisco

Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering,

Politecnico di Milano

Master Course in

Civil Engineering for Risk Mitigation

Academic year 2014-2015

reinforced concrete employed in steel, reinforced prestressed concrete structures (4h)

sustainability

Concretes

13 October 2014

Level I Method

Comparison of green house gas emission:

material substitution: BREAM (UK), HQE

(France), LEED (USA), CASBEE (Japan), Green

Star (Netherlands)

Level II Method

Environmental Impact Calculation (EIC):

- Measure of Embodied Energy

- Measure of CO2

- Calculation of Global Warming Potential

(GWP)

Level III Method

Full life cycle assessment (LCA), including

durability and maintenance considerations, recyle

and reuse

3

Calculation

- CO2 Emission

- EE = Embodied Energy

Energy consumed in the production of Portland Cement is estimated to be 4.88

MJ/kg and the total energy in the production of steel 23.7 MJ/kg

(Struble and Godfrey (2004)

Contribution of CO2 on global warming, calculated through the equivalence of the

effect of greenhouse gas (Elrod, 1999):

for simplicity:

100 year GWP = CO2 + 298 Nox + 25CH4

13 October 2014

by fib Bulletin 67

STEEL

For design, the following nominal values can be adopted for the material properties:

Elastic modulus

Transverse elasticity modulus

Poisson ratio

Thermal expansion coifficient

(T< 100C)

density

Steels for flat and hot-rolled long products

The possible supply conditions are related to the manufacturing process used:

crude steel rolling "as rolled

steel rolling normalized

steel thermomechanical rolling

steel with improved atmospheric corrosion resistance (ex Corten)

steel with high tensile strength reclaimed "Quench and tempered"

Nominal thickness of the element

Steel standards

Steel standards

= u/y

= u/y

Homogeneous

steel bar ()

= u/y

= u/y

defect

Steel bar

L

f yk

f

fsd =

= 0.2k

s

s

f sd

yd =

Es

sd = 1% << su

su 14%K(FeB38k f yk 380MPa)

10

L=

( > 5mm)

11.3 A

ftk 540MPa

su 12%K(FeB44k f yk 430MPa)

ft

k

ftk 430MPa

D. M. 96

1.15 < ft/fy< 1.35

fy,eff/fy,nom < 1.25

B450C

Characteristics

Characteristic yielding strength

Characteristic failure strength

Max. elongation

Mandrel diameter for bend tests at 90 and

subsequent straightening without cracks

Requirements

fractile

B450A

Characteristics

Characteristic yielding strength

Characteristic failure strength

Max. elongation

subsequent straightening without cracks

Requirements

fractile

Limits of acceptability

Nominal diameter

Tolerance % on cross section

admitted for the use

characteristic

Limit value

minimum

maximum

minimum

minimum

for steel

failure/yielding

failure/yielding

bending / straightening

lack of cracks

for all

duttilit

prova

di piegamento

ductilitymediante

measure

by bending

test

(mm)

D

mandrel

mandrino

FeB38k

FeB44k

12

Piegamento

180

Bending ata180

12-18

Piegamento

e raddrizzamento

bending and

straightening

18-25

10

25 - 30

10

12

(*) a 90 aT=205

(*) after the 90 bend keeps the bar for 30 minutes in boiling water and proceeding, after cooling in air,

to the partial straightening for at least 20 . After the test the specimen shall not exhibit cracks.

steel in bars

steel in roll

load

load

displacement

displacement

CEB MC90

Prestressing steel

D.M. 2008

uk 3.5% (MC90)

Control in plant

sn 0.03 fptk e sn 0.04 fp..k

Control on site

at failure (fpt) gmn 1.03 fptk; sn 0.05 fptk

at serv.ice (fpy fp(0.2) fp1) gmn 1.04 fp..k; sn 0.07 fp..k

REINFORCED

CONCRETE

UNI EN12390-1

max-. aggregate size (mm)

specimen side (mm)

UNI EN12390-3:

planarity error< 0.0006d mm

size tolerance < 0.5%

tolerance shaven face and opposite < 1%d

perpendicularity corners < 0.5mm

tests at 24,72h;7,14,28,90,180,365d

(tests for at least 48h in room at 20 2 C e

RH 95% until 2h before)

0.2 < d/dt < 1MPa/s

YES

NO

and cylinders

For different slenderness h/d

Strength indexes

measured on cubes of different sizes

side

Proposed

index

Conversion factors for compressive strengths

measured on cylinders of different sizes and equal

slenderness h/d = 2.00

slenderness h/d

Proposed

Index h/d

Saenz curve

Sargin curve

y = ax3 + bx2 + cx + d

CC:

x=0 y=0

x = 0 y' = E

x = c1 y = fc

x = c1 y' = 0

k = 1,1

E c1

fc

( )2

c1

c ( ) = fc c1

1 + (k 2)

c1

k

c () = (

2 fc

3

c1

2

c1

) 3 + (

3 fc 2E 2

) + E

2

c1

c1

fc1

arc

tg(1000fcd)

c1

1.5

0.7

cu

cu

cu

c1=.002

cu=.0035

fc1 = 0.85 fcd =

0.85fck/c

c

k 2

=

1

+

fc

k

(

)

with:

c

1

c < c ,lim

MC 2010

MC 90

for w w1

ct = f ctm 1 0.85

for w1 < w wc

ct =

w1 = 2

GF

0.15wc

f ctm

w1

0.15 f ctm

( wc w )

wc w1

wc = F

GF

f ctm

F = f ( d max )

for w w1

for w1 < w wc

w1 =

GF

f ctm

ct = f ctm 1 0.80

w1

w

ct = f ctm 0.25 0.05

w1

wc = 5

GF

f ctm

significant

Kupfer et al.

1969

Inconsistencies in MC 90:

no continuous transition

between triaxial and

biaxial states of stress

triaxial criteria does not

exactly describe the

uniaxial compressive

strength

1f /f0,2

cm

3f /f cm

0,0

2f /f-1,6

0,0

cm -1,4 -1,2 -1,0 -0,8 -0,6 -0,4 -0,2

-0,2

2f /f cm

0,2

-0,6

-0,8

-1,0

New in MC 2010:

One failure

criteria for all

states of stress

-1,2

triaxial criteria for

biaxial states of stress

-1,4

3f -1,6

/f cm

1f /f cm

MC 90

C12

C20

C30

C40

C50

C60

C70

C80

C90

C100

C110

C120

-0,4

with f cm > 0 and

f cm = f ck + 8 N/mm

1f /f cm

3f /f cm

Nelissen, 1972

cos3 =

P(1,2, 3)

3oct

asse idrostatico

3oct

oct =

cos =

2J 3

3 3 J3

=

2 J 32 / 2

3oct

21 2 3

2 3 J2

2

1

(1 2 )2 + (2 3 )2 + (3 1 )2

J2 =

3

9

1

+ 2 + 3

oct = I1 = 1

3

3

= 60

=0

modello a 5 parametri (Willam-Warnke,

1975)

FIP/CEB

Bull.207

Local strength

steel

splitting

A0/A1 320

cd 0.7 A0 40

=

fck

3 A1 fck

Concr.

A0/A1 320

spalling

cd 12.5 40

=

fck

3 fck

u/f

splitting

spalling

columns [EC8; 5.4.3.2.2. (7)] the action of confinement on

concrete can be considered:

oppure

Which strength?

Material strength

potential strength = compressive strength of concrete

from cubes or cylinders made and matured in the

laboratory according to standard conditions (UNI 6130/1,

6130/2 e 6132)

structural or actual strength = compressive strength

detectable in the completed and matured structure

direct structural strength = testing of samples (cores or

prisms) extracted from the element precast already

produced and matured

indirect structural strength = test sample normalized

maturation cycle of the prefabricated element

component materials

related mix design

environment conditions (thermo-higrometrical)

occasional adjustements (plant manteinance)

cast execution (compaction, curing)

f (x) =

1

2 s

log-normal

(x - x)2

2s

1

e

2x

f (x) =

2

(

)

= ln x

2s 2

f ( )( )

x k' = x ks

x k' = x k's

x k" = x ks

x k" = x + k''s

con k = 1,645 .

ks

= 0,05

= 0,10

= 0,15

ks

k' = 1,578

k' = 1,513

k' = 1,450

f(x)

k's

k'' = 1,713

k'' = 1,783

k'' = 1,854

k''s

f(x)

5%

1

0.95

x'k

5%

x = x0

5%

x''k

1

0.95

F(x)

0.50

0.50

0.05

0.05

x'k

5%

x0 x

x''k

F(x)

Reliability index

s

k's

MODELLO

ANALITICO

f(x)

PROBABILITA'

FORMALE

x'0

SENZA

SIGNIFICATO

FISICO

x'k

CODA DA

MODELLO

VALORI

IMPOSSIBILI TRONCARE AFFIDABILE

x - k' s 1 - k' c

c1 = ' =

=

x 0 x - s 1- c

x 'k

CO NTRO LLO DELLA PROD UZION E CO NTINU ATIVA DEL CA LCESTRUZZO (MOD . U NI 10025/98)

CLASSE

C55

MISCELA R2

LIN EA:Planar

DOSE: 400 kg

A/C = 0.45

PROV A

INERTI 1 5 mm

SUPERFL. 3%

0,08

anno : 97

UNIFORMAZ. V ALORI

mese : novembre

Data

Data

RESISTENZE

Prelievo

Prova

R1

R2

fj= 0.83Rm

ETA' g

fj/f

fm

fk

01.12

75,9

76,5

63,2

28

63,2

17

64,1

1,74

61,5

02.12

78,9

79,2

65,6

28

65,6

17

64,2

1,78

61,6

03.12

79,2

78,4

65,4

28

65,4

17

64,3

1,79

61,7

04.12

77,6

79,1

65,0

28

65,0

17

64,4

1,79

61,7

05.12

81,3

79,3

66,6

28

66,6

17

64,6

1,86

61,8

06.12

80,2

81,3

67,0

28

67,0

17

64,9

1,89

62,1

10

09.12

77,1

78,8

64,7

29

1,001

64,6

17

65,0

1,87

62,2

11

09.12

80,2

78,2

65,7

28

65,7

17

65,2

1,83

62,5

12

10.12

79,2

77,6

65,1

28

65,1

17

65,1

1,75

62,6

13

11.12

80,2

80,4

66,6

28

66,6

17

65,2

1,77

62,6

14

12.12

81,2

80,4

67,1

28

67,1

17

65,4

1,80

62,7

1

2

PRESTRESSED

CONCRETE

Prestressed concrete

compatibility

P0

T = const , RH = const

c = p p0

c ,el c ,sh c ,cr = p ,el p0 + p ,rel

c ,el = p ,el ( p0 p ,rel c ,sh c ,cr )

dA +

c

Ac

dAp = N

Ap

Ec Ac c ,el + E p Ap p ,el = N

Ec Ac c ,el + E p Ap ( c ,el + p 0 i ,loss ) = N

i

E

c Ac + c E p Ap c ,el = E p Ap ( p 0 i ,loss ) + N

Ec

i

c ( Ac + p Ap ) = Ap pred0 + N = N pred0 + N

c =

N pred0 + N

Ai

equilibrium

Equivalent

diameter

[mm]

[N/mm2]

R2

R1

1)

2)

1)

2)

Alternated

bending test

All the

class

R3

1)

2)

Rm

Rp0,2

Rm

Rp0,2

Rm

Rp0,2

Rm

Rp0,2

Rm

Rp0,2

Rm

Rp0,2

0.50

0.50 df < 350

0.80

0.80 df 300

1.20

320

480

400

800

720

1080

900

1700

1360

2040

1700

280

450

350

800

640

1040

800

1550

1240

2015

1550

240

390

300

700

560

910

700

1400

1120

1820

1400

2) For shaped fibres

Not failure

CNR DT 204

2.0 mm

0,62

30 mm.

2.0 mm.

140

l / df = 48

fiber content 50kg/m3

lb= l l/4

F

4Vf

lf

F = Nd f l b = 2 d f l b = Vf

d f

df

F = Fy

lf=lcr

5.0

zoom w = 0.20 mm

TRA0 med

TRA4 med

TRA8 med

3.0

2.0

1.0

0.0

0.00

0.10

displacement w (mm)

0.20

12.0

zoom w = 5.00 mm

FLE0 med

FLE4 med

FLE8 med

8.0

load P (KN)

4.0

4.0

0.0

0.00

2.50

deflection f (mm)

5.00

60

w

440

[kN]

30

60

Vf = 0.8 [%]

Vf = 0 [%]

0

0

w [mm]

1 0

load

(kN)

Vf = 0.8%

40

0.4%

30

P plain

us

23.4 kN

20

0.4%

rubber

10

sand

plain concrete

0

0

0.8%

10

15

displacement wt (mm)

20

P

P

Pcr

crack formation

P

Pcr

crack formation

crack

localization

u

Softening material

Hardening material

Behavior in compression

Reference test

EN 14651

hsp = 125 mm

b = 150 mm

f R, j =

S.L.E.

S.L.U.

fR,1

fR,3

3 Fj l

2 b hsp2

cement 425:

fly ash:

water

superplast.

472 kg

45 kg

200 l (w/b =0.39)

1.3%

fine sand

coarse sand

0/4 850kg

4/8 886 kg

T50

2 sec

V-funnel time (0 min)

3.5 sec

V-funnel time (5 min)

4 sec

L-box (standard)

h2/h1 = 1

Classification

4,33

4,47

3,77

fLK

fR1k

0.5

fR3k

2.5

CMOD (mm)

conventional reinforcement at ultimate limit state if the

following relationships are fulfilled:

fR1k/fLk > 0.4

Eq. 5.X2

Eq. 5.X3

Which models?

f Fts = 0.45 f R1

fFtu = fR3/3

f Ftu = f Fts

wu

CMOD3

From -w to -

17/32

hardening

fFtu

fFtu

fFtu

fFtu

fFts

softening

wu

rigid-plastic

wu

= w / lcs

Elastic-linear

incrudente

fFtu

Rigid-plastic

rigido-plastico

fFtu

fFts

degradante

fFtu

fFtu

Fu

Fu

18/32

lcs = min{srm, y},

srm

bending or under combined tensile flexural and

compressive flexural forces with resulting force external to

the section, y = h is assumed. The same assumption can be

taken for slabs.

22/32

Orientation factor

10000

8000

beam T3

beam T2

beam T1

beam L3

beam L2

beam L1

beam L2

load (N)

casting

direction

500 mm

150 mm 150 mm 150 mm 50

mm

mm

6000

beam L3

beam L1

4000

beam T1

beam T3

2000

beam T 2

COD (mm)

10

23/32

fFtsd,mod=fFtsd/K

fFtud,mod=fFtud/K

For favourable effects

For unfavourable effects

K = 1.0

K < 1.0

K > 1.0

orientation due to casting and compaction in real structural

elements, by using structural specimens which better

reproduce the material in the structural elements.

- As 5100.6-2004 Bridge Design Steel and Composite ConstructionUploaded bySAI Global - APAC
- Strength of Materials 1Uploaded byLaksh Man
- Effects of Increasing Allowable Compressive Stressat Prestress TransferUploaded byProfessor Dr. Nabeel Al-Bayati-Consultant Engineer
- Beam Bending Lab ReportUploaded byimlioh_ih
- Analytical Predictions of OOP Strength of masonry wallsUploaded byBhushanRaj
- 09- (Beams) Design of Beams Due to Shear (2016)Uploaded byNadeem Hassoon
- Moment CurvatureUploaded byakanyilmaz
- Preliminary-Sizing-Design-by-Richard-the-Great.xlsxUploaded byRJ
- EXPERIMENTAL CHARACTERIZATION OF COMMERCIALLY AVAILABLE GROUTS FOR USE IN MASONRY STRUCTURESUploaded bySemana da Escola de Engenharia da Universidade do Minho
- Beam Design Forces FromstaadUploaded byjigarshah21
- Dissertation Vinh 2010Uploaded bycasanovavn
- Manual ADC 8.3Uploaded byJhone Cisneros
- An Alternative Procedure for Seismic Evaluation and Strengthening2Uploaded byMREFAAT
- prEN 10149-1 (2011).pdfUploaded byneiva2019
- 123980-338818-1-SM.pdfUploaded byLeta Gudissa Shaqa
- KA30603 Lecture 2b Load DistributionUploaded byKit Meng Lim
- 13_3239Uploaded bySandeep Shridhar
- ME2404 SET2Uploaded byநான் எனது
- 12_146.pdfUploaded byTassawac Koeiop
- Prof. Zahid Ahmad Siddiqi Lec-3-Flexural Analysis and Design of BeamnsUploaded byrana
- Solution to Problem 648 _ Deflection of Cantilever Beams _ Strength of Materials ReviewUploaded byJF Pajarillaga
- $R8VMIT0Uploaded bySadvent Martondang
- Mech2008 Hw1 Answer KeyUploaded byOkan Ceylan
- STR2PROJUploaded byahmedznait
- Tutorial 1Uploaded byAlbie Dahal
- Modelling Procedure 3D FrameUploaded bysac21m
- 5 Common Myths of Steel Desin Debunked by Muir 2007Uploaded bycustomerx
- Morgan Vee Mini BlockUploaded byRAUL VILLAMIL
- 29Beam03Uploaded byRamesh Selvaraj
- Ahlfors_MasThe_Lutpub1Uploaded bymikoriz

- Moment CurburaUploaded byMircea Juravle
- ESR-3608 (1)Uploaded byJose Leonardo Quintero Güell
- ESRUploaded byJose Leonardo Quintero Güell
- ACI 355.2-2007.pdfUploaded byMichael Besa
- Matrix iteration repear, modal constirbutions and static correctionUploaded byJose Leonardo Quintero Güell
- RC StructuresUploaded byJose Leonardo Quintero Güell
- Lecture 10 - Di PriscoUploaded byJose Leonardo Quintero Güell
- Lecture 06 - Di PriscoUploaded byJose Leonardo Quintero Güell
- Stability Analysis(1)Uploaded byJose Leonardo Quintero Güell

- Resistance Classes for Connection Parts 96Uploaded byiergun80
- Design of BeamsUploaded byNayan Fatania
- ACI VN 2011 Topic 1 (David Darwin)Uploaded byQuoc Le
- Influence of Surface Finish on Bending Fatigue of Forged Steel Including Heating Method, Hardness, And Shot Cleaning EffectsUploaded bymoj33
- Mechanical Behavior of Hybrid Steel Fiber Self Consolidating Concrete Materials and Structural Aspects 2014 Materials and DesignUploaded byAlper Buyukkaragoz
- ED-Q-01.00-I-02Uploaded byjoseellargo
- amp16906p19Uploaded byHoque Anamul
- PR VESSEL docuementUploaded byபால்பிலிப்ஸ்
- Vehicle Crash WorthinessUploaded byvasanthanb
- Aker Solutions LNGUploaded byruov
- Technical ManualUploaded byAl_catraz
- Slope Paper 252Uploaded byr
- MetalsUploaded byRonnel Dela Rosa Lacson
- 05 01 0036 SCGoel Performance Based Plastic DesignUploaded bym4004
- Basic of Drillpipe Tensile Capacity and Its CalculationUploaded byAshutosh Rai
- MnDOT2012-16.pdfUploaded byLakhwant Singh
- i-paper-15Uploaded bycjcute91
- Stress Analysis ReportUploaded byErarunv
- MiterB1aUploaded byFarid Tata
- Models and Size Effects: A ReviewUploaded byIOSRjournal
- Fracture of Cementitious MaterialsUploaded byraeggaeman
- 16mo3 Steel SpecUploaded byellisforheroes
- A Finite Element Model for Simulating Out-Of-Plane Behavior of Masonry Infilled RC FramesUploaded bysugijo
- Effects of Plastic Hinge Properties in Nonlinear Analysis of Reinforced Concrete BuildingsUploaded byJuan Carlos González
- Soil and Aggregate Stabilization for Sustainable PavementUploaded byAshok
- Evaluation of Seismic Response Modification Factors for RCC Frames by Non Linear AnalysisUploaded byPrashant Sunagar
- 1-s2.0-S014296120100206X-mainUploaded byMario
- Bulgetest-with+GutcherUploaded byMohamed Samir
- GM13-geosynthetic.pdfUploaded byRicardo Rodriguez
- 125BOOKS.COM--1343719790902191670Uploaded bysainandha