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Domain

Kingdom
Phylum
Class
Order
Family
Genus
Species

Domain Eukarya

Kingdom Animalia
Kingdom Plantae
Kingdom Fungi

Domain Bacteria

Domain Archaea

Kingdom Protista

Kingdom Protista

Amoebozoans
Phylum
Ciliphora

Class
Kinetofragminophora
Class
Polyhymenophora
Class
Oligohymenophora

Alveolates
Phylum
Dinozoa

Phylum
Apicomplexa

Class Sporozoa

Discicristates

Cercozoans

Phylum
Euglenozoa

Phylum Radiozoa

Phylum
Parabasala

Phylum
Granuloreticulosa

Presence of small vesicles or alveoli just under the


plasma membrane

simple cilia or compound ciliary organelles typical in at least


Vorticella sp..
one stage of life cycle.
Didinium sp.

eg. Didinium sp.

eg. Vorticella sp., Paramecium sp.


Paramecium sp.

eg. Stentor sp.


Stentor sp..

-possess apical complex and usually parasitic.


Reproduction is syngamy.

Gregarina sp. and Plasmodium sp.

flagellated with disc shaped mitochondrial


cristae

possess kinetoplast and eyespot


eg. Euglena sp. and Trypanosoma sp.

possess parabasal body


eg. Trichonympha sp. and Trichomonas sp.

-amorphous body and moves by means of


cytoplasmic streaming.
eg. Amoeba sp.

Needle-like pseudopods

Possess a test made of CaCO3 with granular or


hyaline reticulopodia
eg. Foraminiferans

Possess a test made up of either organic matter,


silica or strontium sulfate with axopodia.
eg. Radiolarians

Kingdom Animalia
Subkingdom Parazoa

Subkingdom Eumetazoa
Branch I Radiata

Phylum Porifera
Class
Desmospongiae
Class
Calcarea
Class
Hexactinellida
Class
Sclerospongiae

Phylum
Cnidaria

Branch II Bilateria

Phylum
Ctenophora

Class Scyphozoa
Class Cubozoa

Class Hydrozoa

Protostomes

Class Anthozoa

Acoelomates

Deuterostomes
Enterocoelomates

Pseudocoelomates

Schizocoelomates

- cell differentiation present but tissue


differentiation is limited, adult is sessile

-marine, body is perforated with many pores. Asexual reproduction by budding,


sexual reproduction also present, larvae are motile

(Calcium carbonate spicules)


Calcareous sponges eg. Grantia sp.

Horny Sponges eg. Xestospongiae sp.


(Siliceous spicules w/ 6 rays)
Glass Sponges eg. Euplectella sp.

tissue organ level of organization, most have a


mouth and digestive cavity

animals with radial or biradial symmetry

(True Jellyfish)
eg. Aurelia sp. and Mastigias sp.
(Cube Jelly)
eg. Chironex sp.

(Hydra-like)
eg. Hydra sp. And Obelia sp.
eg. Acropora sp., Fungi sp.

No cnidocytes but have comb-like ctene with


colloblasts for capturing prey.
Eg. Comb jellies
-

animals with bilateral symmetry

Protostomes
Acoelomates
Phylum
Platyhelminthes
Class
Turbellaria
Class
Trematoda
Class
Cestoda
Class
Monogenea
Phylum
Nemertina

Pseudocoelomates
Phylum
Nematoda
Class
Aphasmidia
Class
Phasmidia

Schizocoelomates

Phylum
Mollusca
Class
Monoplacophora
Class
Polyplacophora
Class
Gastropoda/
Univalvia
Class
Pelecypoda/
Bivalvia
Class
Cephalopoda
Class
Scaphopoda

Class Insecta/
Hexapoda

Phylum
Arthropoda
Subphylum
Trilobitomorpha
Class Trilobita
Subphylum
Chelicerata
Class
Merostomata
Class
Arachnida
Class
Pycnogonida
Subphylum
Crustacea
Subphylum
Uniramia
Class Chilopoda

Phylum
Annelida
Class
Polychaeta
Class
Oligochaeta
Class
Hirudinea

Class Diplopoda

- spiral determinate cleavage, mouth develops


from blastopore

-no coelom/body cavity

dorsoventrally flattened

eg. Dugesia sp.


eg.Fasciola sp.
eg. Taenia solium

Proboscis worms

- body cavity not completely lined with


mesoderm, complete digestive tract extending
from mouth to anus

- without phasmids
eg. Turbatrix aceti

- with phasmids
eg. Ascaris lumbrocoides
Phasmids - unicellular sensilia in
the lateral tail region

- true coelom that develops from schizocoel, complete


digestive tract

-segmented worms

eg. Nereis sp.

eg. Lumbricus terrestris

eg. Hirudo medicinalis

eg. Neopilinia sp.


eg. Chitons
eg. Snails
eg. Mussels, Clams

eg. Squid, Octopus


eg. Dentalium sp. (Tooth shells)

Eg. Trilobites

Eg. Horseshoe Crab

Eg. Spiders, Scorpions

Eg. Sea Spiders

Eg. Crabs, Shrimps

Eg. Insects

Eg. Centipede

Eg. Millipede

- radial indeterminate cleave, blastopore develops


into anus, mouth forms from a second opening

*Enterocoelomates

Deuterotomes
Enterocoelomates

Phylum
Echinodermata
Class Crinoidea

Phylum
Chordata
Subphylum
Urochordata

Phylum
Hemichordata
Subphylum
Vertebrata

Class Asteroidea
Superclass Agnatha
Class Ophiuroidea
Class Echinoidea
Class
Holothuroidea

Class Agnatha

Subphylum
Cephalochordata
Superclass
Gnathostomata

Class Chondrichthyes
Class Sarcopterygii
Class Actinopterygii
Class Amphibia
Class Reptilia
Class Aves
Class Mammalia

Eg. Sea Lilies

Eg. Sea Stars


Eg. Brittle Stars
Eg. Sea Urchins
Eg. Sea Cucumbers

-half notochord
Eg. Acorn Worm, Balanoglossus sp.

-notochord present at some stage in life

-notchord present only at larval stage at the tail region


Tunicates
Eg. Sea Squirts

-notochord present throughout life and extends


through head

Eg. Amphioxus/Lancelets

Eg. Lamprey, Hagfish

Eg. Shark, Rays, Skates


Chimaeras

Eg. Lobe-fined Fishes

Eg. Frog

Eg. Snake, Lizard

Eg. Bird

Eg. Squirrel