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Price $5.

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3-1-605
Ist Edition

PAH
TRIPLEX

31-605

PUMP

GARDNER-DENVER

INDUSTRIES

INDUSTRIAL

COOPER

MACHINERY

DIVISION

GARDneR-DENVER

TRIPLEX

Gardner-Denver

(the Company)

warrants

its products

only

AND

WARRANty

QUINTUPLE

PUMPS

PERIOD

as follows:
Except

GENERAL
The

PROVIS1ONS

Company

warrants

(Purchaser)
its

of

authorized

time

of

its new

each

products
that

provided

LIMITATIONS

original

that

retail

from

such

to the Purchaser,

and workmanship,
respect

to

distributor

delivery

AND

the

made with
no

purchaser

Company

products

are,
good

warranty

or

the

Any

product
a way,

which

has

been

or three

months

after start-up,

delivery

to Purchaser,

the product

Power

end

start-up

with

not

whichever

hours

to exceed

occurs

Fluid

in

warranted

for

18

months

from

whichever

occurs

end is conditionally

three years

as to affect

is

or

from

below,

the

of operation

120 days after

first. The exceptions

12

months

date

of

from

date

of

to

the

delivery

first.
warranted

date of delivery

on pro-rata

basis for

to the Purchaser.

adversely.
Expendable

2,

listed

is 1,250

are as follows:

material

or altered

judgment,

components

at the

is made

repaired

in the Companys

or

for all products

Purchaser,

such

products

Period

to:

1.

for

Warranty

Any

product

been

subject

which

has, in the Companys

to negligence,

or improper

installation

accident,

liners

judgment,

improper

fluid

to variable

storage,

end

and pistons,

parts, including

are not

abrasive

covered

nature

valves, valve parts,

by this warranty

of material

due

pumped.

or application.

DISCLAIMER
Any

3.

product

tained

which

has not

in accordance

with

the recommendations

been

operated

normal

practice

or mainand

with

THE

COMPANY

ANY

of the Company.

KIND

AND
4.

Components

or

and serviced

accessories

manufactured,

warranted

ALL

FITNESS

any

Claims

reconditioned

for items

directly

or prior

described

in (4)

owned

product.

above

should

be submitted

Companys

repairing
hours

or,

any
90

within
days

delivery,

under

at its option,

part which

warranted
first

obligation

this warranty

replacing,

start-up,

ofsuchnew

will be provided

user

during

working

portation

normal
distributors

of product

and of repaired
facility

shall be borne
the return

RESPECT

PRODUCTS

TURED

OR

under

at

by

to be as

COMPANY

OR

Companys
of

or
trans-

or employee
Warranty

the

product

for
upon

such parts were

original

ACTS

REMEDY

BE THE SOLE,

AVAILABLE

ANY

TO PUR-

SHALL

SPECIAL,

CONSEQUENTIAL

OR
PRO-

DAMAGES,

HOWSOEVER

THE

INDIRECT,
EXPEN-

CAUSED.

writing

of the Company

will be binding

and executed

which

upon

is not

contained

the Company

by an officer

in this

unless made in

of the Company.

The Company

may

not to be

by Company,

establish

a claim

This

warranty

is not
the

shall not

presented

product

a. tion

be effective

within

is claimed

for

breach

one

year

30

days

as to any claim

which

after the date upon

which

not

to have been

of

this

warranty

after

the

date

upon

as warranted.

must

be

which
ch

Any

commenced
the

cause

of

occurred.

under the terms of this warranty

the remainder
which

ANY

SHALL

WITH

MANUFAC-

such service

within

parts provided

OTHER

NO statement, representation)
agreement or understanding,
oral or written, made by any agent, distributor, representative,

action
Replacement

OR
THE

REMEDY

DELAYS

COMPANY

ANY

SERVICES
IT

FOR

AND
HEREBY

the labor

this warranty.

are warranted

TO

CIRCUMSTANCES

LIABLE
OR

not to be as warranted

to

BE

NO

SES,

costs

as designated

UNDER

LOSSES

BY

ARE

WHATSOEVER

THERETO.

ONLY

OF

IMPLIED

THE

SUBJECT

THIS WARRANTY

AND

INCIDENTAL

or part claimed

Purchaser,

CHASER.

charge to the

the
All

UNDER

EXCLUSIVE

PURPOSE

OR

FURNISHED

OR

MERCHANTABILITY

LIABILITIES

RELATING

days

with

without

by the Purchaser.

of any product

prepaid

TO

WARRANTY

COMPANY.
BE

OR

business

after

THE

CASE

During the

120

parts to or from

to one of its facilities

transportation

Period.

to

part will be provided.

facility.

or parts claimed

or replacement

require

as warranted

hours

service

not

part along

orrepaired

parts and labor

authorized

normal

to exceed

Such

is limited

proved

Warranty
not

a new part or a repaired

for installation

during

in its judgment

the applicable

after

NO

OMISSIONS

to the manufacturer.

OF

OBLIGATIONS

VIDED
The

BY

IN

OTHER
EXPRESSED

A PARTICULAR

DISCLAIMED

by others.

NO

WARRANTIES
FOR

SHALL
5.

MAKES

WHATSOEVER

of

installed
components

the Warranty

to the

same

Period

extent

of

as if

Any

adjustment

construed
was not

thereof,

3-1-605

Page 1

made

pursuant

as an admission
as warranted.

to this warranty

by the Company

shall not be

that any product

TABLE

WARranTY

OF

CONTENTS

Lubricator . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ...7

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ...1

Piston Liners and Liner Clamps.


TABLE

OF CONTENTS

. . . . . . . . . . . . 7

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ...2
Pistons . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ...7

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ...3

Piston Rod . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ...7

Location . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ...3

Piston Washing System . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ...7

INSTALLATION

Suction Piping . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ...3


Relief Valve

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ...3

SERVICE

INSTRUCTIONS

POWER END

. . . . . . 9

Lubrication . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ...3

JackShaft

Starting aNew

Connecting Rods . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

10

Eccentric and Bearing Assembly

. . . . . . . . . . .

10

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

10

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

10

Crossheads and pins . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

11

Oil Stop Heads . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

11

Recommended

Running Clearances. . . . . . . . . .

12

Plunger . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ...7

Manufacturing Fits . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

12

Plunger Stuffing Box Packing..

Recommended

12

Operation

Pump . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ...3

. . . . . . . ...+

. . . . . . . . ...+

. .. .. 4

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ...9

Main Gears,
SECTIONAL

VIEW OF PUMP . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5
Push Rods

SERVICE

INSTRUCTIONS

FLUID END . . . . ...6

Cylinder . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6
valve

s. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ...6
. . . . . . . . . ...7

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Page 2

Torques . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

OPERATING

AND MAINTENANCE
INSTRUCTIONS
FOR PAH TRIPLEX
PUMP

INSTALLATION

1.
LOCATION The pump should be installed as close
to the fluid supply and as low as possible. Whenever possible, ample space should be provided around the pump
to facilitate inspection and adjustment, with particular attention being given to the space required for removal and
installation of jackshaft, eccentric, packing etc.
The drive must be accurately aligned pump properly leveled
and securely fastened to foundation or base.
Pump must have a positive suction head, 10 foot (3048 cm)
minimum. Maximum allowable temperature of fluid handled
is 200 F. (93 C.).
2.
SUCTION PIPING Suction pipe (or hose if used)
should be the full size of the suction opening. If for any
reason the suction line is of greater length than usual, the
next larger size should be used. A long horizontal suction
line should slope up toward the ump at uniform grade
so that air pockets are eliminated. Suction line must be
absolutely tight as any sir leaking into the line will reduce
the capacity of the pump. If it is necessary to have bends
in the suction line, they should have long radius sweeps.
all piping must be supported independently of the pump
to insure that no strain is imposed on the pump by misalignment or improperly fitted pipe.
3.

RELIEF

VALVE

The pump must be protected

When overhauling pump , check all oil connections and


clean all lines thoroug h;y. The oil relief valve should also
be inspected.
If pump is to be stored or shut down for an extended period
and if oil regularly used does not contain an additive for
rust prevention drain the oil from the crankcase and add
an oil base rust preventative, then turn pump over a few
times to coat working parts. This will protect the power
end parts against damage by rust. Before pum is again
placed in operation, drain crankcase and fill with new oil.
Oil pump is the gear-driven rotary type pump which pro
tides faltered oil under pressure to connecting rod liners
and crosshead pin bushings. Crossheads and guides are
lubricated by flood from gear. The pump is reversible and
will deliver oil regardless of the direction of rotation. All
the oil pumped is filtered before it goes to the bearings.
It is recommended that an independently driven oil pump,
driven at a constant speed, be used on well servicing tits.

Oil Filter A replaceable element oil filter is located inside


the pump crankcase. Filter mounting flange is on the outside, making it possible to replace the element by removin
end plate. only the oil within the filter case will be spilled
when element is withdrawn.
Filter element should be replaced each time crankcase oil
is changed or every 1000 hours.

should be installed near the pump,

safety valve and the pump cylinder. The relief valve should
be set to operate at approximately 1-1/4 times the discharge
pressure.
LUBRICATION The power end is lubricated by
4.
oil within the crankcase. Gear oil API Service Classification
GL-4
SAE 90 is recommended. Essential additives for
oil are rust, foam and oxidation inhibitors.
in freezing weather, warm oil before starting pump. It
is also recommended that a cold pump be brought up to
speed gradually, if possible.
Crankcase capacity is 30 U.S. gallons (113.6 liter).
Oil must be added as required to maintain the level to
top of the oil level gauge on the side of the frame.
Time between oil changes depends on local or operating
conditions.
ordinarily, if the crankcase is kept closed,
it should not be necessary to change oil more often than
once in 1000 working hours. The pressure auge must
be watched and if it shows lack of pressure, th e oil level
should be checked. Oil should be changed if found to be
dirt . The screen on the suction of the circulating pump
mig h t be stopped up so the pump cannot get sufficient
oil to maintain pressure. This screen should be examined
at rather frequent intervals and thoroughly cleaned. It
can be removed without draining the oil from the crankcase.

3-1-605

Filter element is protected from excessive internal oil pressure by a relief valve between it and the oil pump. Relief
valve setting is 110 PSIG (7.73 kg/cm2 ),
Oil flows through the oil titer before
heat exchanger.

going through the

Heat Exchanger (Optional Equipment) A bronze heat


exchanger can be provided to keep crankcase oil temperature at 160 F. (710 C ) by means of an automatic water
control valve.
STARTING A NEW PUMP Pumps are shi ped
5.
from the factory without oil in the crankcase. The ood
should be removed and the power end examined and cleaned
if necessary. The pump may have been in storage or in the
yard for some time and as a consequence, dirt or rust from
condensation may have formed in the crankcase. AlSO,
parts may have been robbed from the pump during storage
and not replaced. Drain all water accumulated in the bottom
of the crankcase, check nuts and screws and tighten if
necessary. Fill crankcase with oil of proper grade and to
proper level.
WELL SERVICING PUMPS MUST BE DRIVEN ONLY
IN THE DIRECTION INDICATED. Other PAH pumps
can be driven in either direction but the indicated direction
is recommended because the crosshead load will be carried
on the bottom guide, resulting in more quiet operation and
better lubrication.
The direction

Page 3

of rotation

of the jackshaft is indicated by

an arrow on the frame. To prevent excessive wear on the


fluid pistons or plungers and packing when starting remove
the discharge valve cover plates and discharge valves and
prime the pump. PRIMING IS IMPORTANT! IT LUBRICATES PLUNGERS OR PISTONS AND LINERS. Pump
should be started slowly and should be operated for several
hours with practically no discharge ressure. Check oil level
as it may be necessary to add a sm& amount of oil to compensate for that adhering to the walls of the crankcase and
movin parts, The pump may then gradually be brought up
to f ull speed and full working pressure. Watch for undue
heating or abnormal noise in the working parts. Check all
joints in the suction line to be sure there are no air leaks.
Before starting a pump which has been idle for a long period
of time, drain any water due to condensation from crankcase

3-1-605

by removing the drain plug and replace when clean oil


begins to flow from the drain. Add oil to proper level. It
is recommended that fluid end of the pump be primed to
prevent excessive wear on the plungers or pistons and liners
IT LUBRIwhen starting. PRIMING IS IMPORTANT!
CATES PLUNGERS OR PISTONS AND LINERS.
Pump should always be started slowly, and with little pressure, after it has been idle or where it is on intermittent
service such as well servicing. This gives the oil a chance
to warm up and flow through all oil lines and bearings.
This warm-up is especially important during cold weather,
6.
OPERATION The PAH pump should not be op
erated at speeds or pressures exceeding the values shown
on the name plate.

Page 4

3-1-605

Page 5

II

SERVICE

INSTRUCTIONS

FLUJD

CYLinDER Two different style cylinders are pro


7.
tided for the PAH pumps to suit the service. Both style
cylinders are the three-piece block type. Material is heat
treated for ed alloy steel. The fluid end is provided with
removable
bolted-on suction and discharge manifolds.
Cylinder is secured to the frame by high tensile strength
connecting studs. It is important that nuts on these studs
be checked occasionally for tightness. A loose nut will
cause a stud to break under pulsating load. See proper
tightening torque on page 12.
The connecting studs extend through the stuffing box or
liner clamp flanges to clamp the stuffing boxes or liners
tightly against the face of the cylinder.

END

will last much longer. Routine inspection of valves every


two or three days is recommended on drilling and well
servicing units.
To remove Water Flood Service Valves, remove the discharge valve cover stud nuts and valve covers. Remove
dischar e valve cage, spring and valve and pull the seat
from the taper bore with a puller. Repeat this same pro
cedure for the suction valves. The discharge valves are larger
than the suction valves to permit installing and removing suction valves through the discharge valve deck in the
cylinder.
To remove Drilling and Well Service Valves remove suction
and discharge cover locks and valve covers and the suction
valve guide retainer and guide and lift valve and spring
from seat. The seat may be palled from the tapered bore
with a puller.

NOTE: If a seat puller powered by a hydraulic jack is


used, be certain to chain or tie the jack down
as it will jump violently when valve seat lets go.
If it becomes necessary to resort to the use of
heat or a cutting torch to remove a valve seat,
the services of a man experienced in this operation is necessary.
Before
putting new seats in the pump, the tapered bore
in the valve seat deck must be thoroughly cleaned of mud
or slush with a wire brush. Wire brush should be used around
the bore rather than up and down. Wipe the bore clean and
do not use oil or grease. The bore must be clean and dry or
seat may not seat properly.

Place the new seat in the bore. Use an old valve bumper or
a block of hard wood and drive with a sledge to a snug
initial fit. The pressure load on the valve in operation will
drive the seat home. NOTE: Never reuse an old seat once

it has been removed forn a cylinder, as it may not jit solidly


in the valve deck.
Do not put a used valve assembly on a new seat unless it
is in practically a new condition. Be sure to replace a doubtful insert to protect seat and bumper.
B702

FIGURE

2. BLOCK-TYPE FLUID CYLINDER


FOR WATER FLOOD SERVICE

VALVES In order to keep the pump in its best


8.
operatin condition, it is necessary to examine the suction
and discharge valves occasionally to see that excessive wear
or cutting by the slush or mud has not impaired their efficiency. any worn or damaged parts should be replaced.
This is especially true with regard to the inserts. Standard
inserts are made of urethane and are the part of the valve
which should be changed most frequently. They are much
cheaper than the valves and seats, and if inserts are renewed
as soon as they begin to fail, the more expensive steel parts

3-1-605

Replace the upper valve guide if worn (drilling and well


service units only). Replace the valve spring if it is worn,
corroded, distorted or below normal tension. Valves are
provided with stainless steel s rings for maximum opersting life. A broken spring will cause rapid wear of valve
guides (where used) and s ould be replaced It will also
cause wear on suction valve guide mounting lugs inside the
cylinder.
It requires experience and judgement to determine if valve
parts should be replaced or not. Valves are cheaper than
down time.
When installing valves put the gasket carefully in place in
the valve chamber and install cover plate. Be certain gasket
is not twisted or extruded, On drilling and well service units
tighten valve cover lock securely by using a bar and hammer.
On water flood units tighten each valve cover stud nut to

Page

the proper torque to preload studs to 400 foot-pounds


(55 kg-m) (542 Nom). Tighten cage valve cage to seat 4
to 6 turns to a torque of 120 foot-pounds (16.6 kg-m)
(163 N-m) for suction and 140 foot-pounds (19.4 kg-m)
(190 Nom) for discharge.
The life of the valves will be lengthened if the mud tanks
are kept clean. Foreign objects can be caught under the
valves, thereby holding them open and causing rapid cutting
of the seats and valves.
PLUNGER Water Flood and Well Servicing Units
9.
To remove a plun er, remove coupling bolt and coupling
which holds the plunger to the push rod. Turn the pump
over until the plunger is in the stuffing box as far as it
will go. Continue to turn pump till push rod is backed
away from plunger as far as it will go. Remove stuffing
box with plunger and packing in the box as a complete
unit. Pull plunger out of packing. The packing can be installed in the box over the plunger, but the preferred
method is to install the packing, then grease the plunger
and push through the packing. Tighten the gland as much
as possible. Keep gland tight to prevent movement of
packing.
To replace the assembly in pump, reverse above procedure.
Pumps are equipped with
required for the service.
plungers are available for
units. Colmonoy plungers
flood pumps.

plungers made of materials as


Hardened steel and cohnonoy
the drilling and well servicing
only are available for the water

cylinder to frame stud nuts and tighten if necessary. Refer


to page 12 for proper tightening torques.
Nuts holding liner clam sin place should not be overtightened as distortion of the linerclamp and liner bore may result.
Recommended tightening torque is shown in table on page
12.
Change size of pistons and liners as volume and/or pressure
requirements change.
Liners are replaced by removing the liner clamps. They
should be cleaned and oiled after removal to protect against
rusting during storage, so they can be used again if they
are in usable condition,
Pump liners are to be clean both inside and out when installed. Also clean the liner clamp bore and lightly oil all
surfacea.
Use new gaskets when installing liners and be sure to clean all
surfaces against which the gaskets fit. Liners or fluid cylinders may be cut by leaking gaskets. if pistons are properly
maintained there will be lit e or no cutting of the liners.
PISTONS Single-acting pistons are made up of
13.
special body fitted wit h a special piston insert developed
for these single-acting pumps.
Piston, with piston rods, can be removed or installed through
suction valve opening after upper valve guide is removed by
turning it 900. Valve spring must also be removed.

Tighten frame to cylinder and stuffing box studs to proper


torque of 500 foot-pounds (69 k-m) (678 Nom).

It is recommended that a piston and rod assembly be kept


ready for replacement. This is a practical time saver.

PLUNGER STUFFING BOX PACKING Plunger


10.
stuffing boxes are packed with non-adjustable packin
The stuffing box gland must engage at least three thread
to hold the pressure of the pump.

14. PISTON ROD Piston rods are manufactured of


high carbon steel. They are electrolytically plated to protect
against corrosion. They are provided with a knurled section
so rod can be held while tightening piston nut. It is important that piston rod nut be tightened to recommended
torque shown on page 12.

Always install a complete set when renewing packing. Clean


stuffing box thoroughly before installing new packing.
Install junk ring in bottom of stuffing box. Oil each ring
thoroughly and install one at a time, beginning with the
bottom adaptor ring. Make sure the lips of t he packing
face the pressure. Tighten gland bolt as much as possible.
Be sure that the glands do not back off while the pump
is operating. Lock in place with lock pins.
Keep packing lubricated at regular intervals by adding
multipurpose grease NLGI Grade No. 2 at the grease fittings located on the top of the stuffing boxes.
LUBRICATOR A force-feed lubricator is available
11.
as optional equipment to supply oil to the three stuffing
boxes. Lubricator is mounted on a bracket over the frame
and is driven by linkage connected to a crosshead extension.
Oil is delivered to the tapped opening in each stuffing box
through copper tubing. Lubricator is equipped with a check
valve at each outlet connection. Use a good grade of engine
oil, API Service Classification SC SAE 30.
Provide flow of 6 to 8 dro s per minute to each stuffing
box by rotating the contro to increase or decrease, then
tighten locknut:
PISTON LINERS AND LINER CLAMPS When
12.
liners are reinstalled or replaced it is advisable to check

3-1-605

Piston rod to piston fit is straight. piston fits against flange


on piston rod with an O ring gasket to prevent leakage.
Removal of piston is a simple operation since it is not driven
on a taper. Keep piston rod to push rod clamps tight at all
times to prevent damage to their flanges and pilots. DO
NOT use a screwdriver or cold chisel to separate the flanges.
Turn the pump slightly or use a puller screwed onto piston
rod threads where they extend beyond piston nut.

15. PISTON WASHING SYSTEM The piston washing


system is vital to the satisfactory performance and life ,f
pistons and liners. The complete system must be kept in
good operating condition. Washing fluid should be maintained in good condition and should be replaced when
contaminated to the point where free circulation is impaired.
This is of utmost importance and should be impressed upon
all operators of the pump.
Water supply lines should be permanently attached to the
provided in the circulating pump suction lines
between
circulating
the
pump and the tank. Water is then
quickly available as a washing fluid or to flush out the lines
by operating the proper valves in the piping system.
The piston washing fluid may be varied according to conditions and operators preference. Water makes a suitable
washing fluid under most conditions. Good results can be

Page 7

obtained using water with one-half gallon of soluble oil per


tank of water within the closed system. A light oil gives
good results under some conditions, and can be used under
severe freezing conditions.
The more fluid circulated,

the better; however, it should

3-1-605

be regulated by a valve in the discharge line of the centrifugal circulating pump to prevent splashing and being
blown about by the wind. Besides making things messy
and wasting washing fluid this could result in dan erous
conditions around the pump when using any of t h e oil
based solutions.

Page

SERVICE

INSTRUCTIONS
END

POWER

Jackshaft bearings are of the double spherical type with end


thrust in both directions taken on the right hand bearing.
Both bearings are identical.

Remove hood and crosshead inspection plates for access


to working parts. Before working in inside of crankcase,
it is necessary to drain the oil. oil pump mounting and
piping connections are below the oil level.

The safest way to remove the bearings from the jackshaft


is by the careful use of heat. Do not overheat to the point
where bearing is discolored.

mark all parts during dismantling so they can be returned


to their original position during assembly.

When replacing ackshaft bearings it is necessary to make


a split disc to clamp on shaft and against inner face of the
outer bearing race to hold race square with axis of beating.
See detail in Figure 3.

16.
JACKSHAFT It is advisable to remove eccentric
and gear assembly before attempting to remove the jackshaft. Jackshaft bearings wiU not clear the gears.

The jackshaft bearings should be replaced if any of the


rollers or races show damage or if they are excessively
worn. A noisy bearing indicates bearing darnage, requiring
replacement. Check clearances by inserting feeler gauge
between the roller and inner race with bearing assembled
on the shaft and in the housing. This check can be made
with the bearing assembled out of the pump. See recommended running clearances on page 12.
To mount new bearings, install split disc (Figure 3 on
shaft as shown in Fi re 4. Heat bearing in oil to about
300 F. (149 C.) an slip it on the shaft against the bearing shoulder and split disc. The shaft can then be reinstalled
in the frame, followed by the eccentric assembly.
FIGURE

To reassemble the jackshaft in the pump, it is necessary to


reverse the procedure of removal. The teeth of the inion
can mesh in only one direction, therefore, the jackshaft
is not interchangeable end for end in the pump unless gear
and eccentric assembly is also reversed. Reversal of the
complete gear set is permissible after gear or pinion teeth
become badly worn. When gear set is reversed it is necessary
to install a new oil pump drive pinion to match the opposite
spiral main gear.

3.

Remove all sheaves or other drive members from the jackshaft. Support each end of shaft during removal.
Remove bearing retainer from inner end of bearing housing.
Remove bearing end plate from each side of the pump. Remove bearing housing from one side and pull jackshaft and
bearing assembly through this opening. Opposite bearing
housing need not be removed from the frame.

Recommended

direction of rotation of the pump provides

,GASKET 8 SHIM

/e>/_-
m-?

A K HAFT

R-

SPLIT DISC - USE


DURING INSTALLATION
OF BEARING AND
HOUSING

-------1

d ERRETAINER
D74236

u
FIGURE 4.

JACKSHAFT

3-1-605

BEARING

Page 9

INSTALLATION

that outer ends of gear and pinion teeth lead. This means
that when viewing from the hood opening the outer ends
of the gear teeth point upward toward the jackshaft and
the outer ends of the pinion teeth point toward the ear.
Gears may be reversed but the direction of rotation o f the
WELL SERVICING PUMP MUST NOT BE REVERSED.
Inner ends of teeth will lead after gear set has been reversed.
After jackshaft is in place with the pinion in mesh with
the gear, install the bearing housings. The housing is to be
started on the bearing and in the bore of the frame and
lightly driven in. Be careful to keep dirt from bearings
durin assembly. Be sure the gasket is on the housing. Long
threaded studs may be used to pull the housing into the
frame bore. It is well to work both ends at the same time
after they have been well started over the bearing outer
race. This will minimize end thrust on the gear teeth. permanently bolt ackshaft bearing housings and remove the
split discs use d for positionin
bearings during assembly.
When discs are removed inst
the bearing inner retainer,
with cap screws and locking wire, on the right hand side
of pump only.
The outer grease seals are to be placed in the bearing end
plates after they are bolted to the bearing housings and
frame. Coat inside of the oil seals liberally with bearing
grease. Each outer seal is to be installed with garter spring
to inside, toward bearing. Seal bears on a replaceable wear
sleeve shrunk onto shaft to prevent wear under the seal,

17. CONNECTING RODS The connecting rods are


split and bolted together on shims used principally to absorb
normal factory manufacturing tolerances. If the eccentric
assembly is to be removed from the frame, the connecting
rods need not be unbolted. in this case the crosshead pins
must be removed. Eccentric and rod assembly will lift out
of the frame freely if left hand eccentric is positioned
directly above the shaft.
Whether or not the connecting rods need be removed depends upon the nature of work being done on the pump.
Connecting rod caps can be removed in case it is desired
to remove eccentric assembly only in order to replace main
bearings.
The connecting rods are provided with high lead bronze
liners which bear against the eccentric. The liners are precision made in identical halves and are secured by clamps
held to the connecting rod and cap by cap screws. They
can be replaced by removing connectin
rod caps, but
without removing connecting rod body
from the pump.
The shims between connecting rods and their caps can
be used to adjust liner to eccentric running clearance to
a limited degree. in no instance should an adjustment

18.

ECCENTRIC

AND

BEARING

ASSEMBLY

IMpoRTANT:
Be sure to remove oil pump drive pinon
when removing or replacing eccentric and gear assembly
to avoid bending oil pump shaft when gear is moved.
Eccentric runs on two double row spherical roller bearings
supported by the stationary main shaft.
To remove the eccentric and gear assembly, remove hood,
and remove the connectin rod caps. Be sure caps are marked
so they can be replace d In their original position. Keep
shims in their original position.
Remove clamps that hold the main, or eccentric . aft to
frame. Be sure clamps are identified so they can be returned
to their original position.
lift the eccentric assembly from the frame. Remove the
main bearing retainer plates from each end of the eccentric and drive the shaft out with a block of wood and a
hammer.
Berings are a slip fit on the shaft and a light press fit in
the bearing bore in the eccentric.
Bearings are to be replaced if worn excessively or if darnaged.
A darnaged bearing will be noisy. Do not remove protective
grease in new bearings. It will not contaminate the crankcase
oil.
When new bearings are to be installed, be sure to replace
the rubber quad ring seals inside the bronze seal retainers
pressed into the eccentric bore just inside the eccentric
bearings. These seals bear on the shaft and prevent loss
of oil pressure to the eccentric cams and connecting rods.
19.
MAIN GEARS After long wear the main gears can
be reversed by changing eccentric and gear assembly end
for end, or by exchanging the gears on the eccentric. in
either case it is also necessary to change the jackshaft end
for end. When gear set is reversed it is necessary to install
a new oil pump drive pinion to match the opposite spiral
main gear. It is not possible to move the oil pump to opposite side of the frame in this pump.
in a new pump the gears are mounted so the outer ends
of the teeth lead. If gears are reversed, the outer ends of
the teeth will follow.
Gears are located on the eccentric flange b means of one
cap screw which is larger than the rest. It should be inserted first, and all cap screws tightened evenly and wired
in pairs.
Lower the eccentric assembly, with main shaft installed,
into the frame after jackshaft has been installed. Secure
shaft to frame with saddles. See torque table on page 12
for proper tightening of the saddle stud nuts.
Reassemble connecting rod caps in original position. Be
sure original shims are in place. See table on page 12 for
tightening of the connecting rod bolt nuts.
Check crankcase for tools or other parta and fill with new
oil before replacing hood,
20.
PUSH RODS Push rods can be removed from the
crossheads by working through handhole plates in the sides
of the frame and also throu h the oil stop openings after
the oil stop head assemblies havebeen removed.

Page 10

Be careful not to damage the highly polished surface on


which oil seals bear.
push rods are chrome plated and shouldd be protected when
the pump is paintecl. Paint will damage oil stop head seals.

21.

CROSSHEADS

AND PINS Crossheads are of one-

piece construction without removable shoes. They bear on


slides bored in the frame.
Crossheads are equipped with straight full-floating pins
secured each end by spring retainers in grooves near the
ends.
The retainer rings can be reached from the main hood
opening or through the crosshead inspection plates on
the sides of the frame. It will be necessary to turn the ump
over to locate each crosshead for accessibility while removing the crosshead pins.
Crossheads may be removed by removing oil stop heads,
push rods and crosshead pins. Slide the crossheads through
the oil stop bores in the frame and lift them clear. Be carefull to protect the shoe surfaces from damage. alsO protect
the lower slide in the frame by placing a wooden block
beneath the small end of the connecting rod.
It is necessary to remove one outer crosshead before the
center one can be reached for removal.

The inner seal Lip is pointed inward toward the crankcase


to strip oil from the push rod. The outer seal Ii points
outward toward liner to strip mud and/or water rom the
push rod. Be certain seals are properly located.

The
and
rods
DO
rod

seal adaptors, with seals in them, can be slipped off


on the push rods by removing the clsmp holding piston
against the push rods and separating the two flanges.
NOT use a screwdriver or drift to separate the push
and piston rod flanges. Turn the pump slightly.

it is essential that oil stop


first indication of leakage.
by oil collecting on top of
reservoir. If ri water is used
area, it is difficult to check

head seals be replaced at the

Oil leakage will be indicated


the liner washing water in the
for washing and run to a waste
by above methocl.

If oil leakage is serious it will show up in a lower oil level


in the crankcase. in this case oil must be added to crankcase as required until new oil stop seals can be installed.
Leakage of mud and water into the crankcase will be indicated by a milky appearance of the crankcase oil. If
excessive, the mud can be detected by reachin through
the oil with the hand, or by draining out a small quantity
of oil. Mud will also be seen below the oil stop heads on
inside of crankcase through crosshead inspection plate
openings.

22.
OIL STOP HEADS Oil stop heads keep crankcase
oil within the frame. They also keep mud and liner washing
water from entering the crankcase.

When mud is found in crankcase, oil should be changed.


Drain and clean out crankcase before puttin in the new
oil. Replace mud scraper seals in oil stop heads before
running pump.

Oil stop packing consists of two identical urethane seals


mounted in adaptors. They are not adjustable.

We recommend oil stop head seals be changed every six


months of operation, even through leakage is not evident.

3-1-605

Page 11

23.

RECOMMENDED

RUNNING

CLEARANCES

FEELER
Millimeters

Inches

Min.

max

Min.

Max.

Crosshead to Slide . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

.010

.018

.254

.457

Main Bearing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

.002

.004

.051

.102

Jackshaft

.002

.003

.051

.076

.0005

.0015

.0127

.0381

. . . . . .

.008

.010

.203

.254

Backlash . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

.010

.020

.254

.508

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

.010

.020

.254

.508

.0003
Tight

.0021
Loose

.0076
Tight

.0533

Jackshaft Bearing on Shaft . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

.0003
Tight

.0021
Tight

.0076
Tight

.0533
Tight

Crosshead Pin Bushing OD in Connecting Rod . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

.003
Tight

.005
Tight

.076
Tight

.127
Tight

Main Bearing ODin

.0026
Tight

.0008
Loose

.0660
Tight

.0203

.0004
Tight

.0015
Loose

.0102
Tight

.0381

Bearing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Crosshead Pin Bearing


Connecting

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Rod Linerto

Eccentric

Oil Pump Pinion to Main Gear

(On Horizontal Centerline)

Jackshaft to Main Gear-Backlash

24.

MANUFACTURING

Jackshaft Bearing ODin

FitS

Housing.

Eccentric

ACTUAL

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Main Bearing on Shaft . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

25.

RECOMMENDED

Loose

Loose

Loose

TORQUES
Ft. Lbs.

kg-m

Nom

. . . .

800

111

1085

Connecting Rod Bolt (185 Lb. Man on 2-1/2 Ft. Wrench) . . . . . . . . . .

440

61

597

Piston Rod Nut (185 Lb. Marion

1110

153

1505

600

83

813

. . . . . . . . . . . .

600

83

813

3000

415

4067

Cylinder to Frame Stud Nut (185 Lb. Man on4-1/2

6Ft.

Wrench)

Ft. Wrench)

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Stuffing Box to Frame Stud Nut (185 Lb. Man on 3-1/4 Ft. Wrench)
Liner Clamp Nut (185 Lb. Man on 3-1/4 Fr. Wrench).
Main Shaft Sadclle Stud Nuts (Two

185 Lb. Men OP 8 Ft. Wrench) . . .

3-1-605

Page 12

Litho

in

U.S.A.
lM-6-82

GARDNER-DENVER
INDUSTRIAL
1800

GARDNER
SALES

EXPRESSWAY
.
AND

SERVICE

MACHINERY

QUINCY,
OFFICES

ILLINOIS

DIVISION
62301
.

IN ALL PRINCIPAL

(217) 222-5400

CITIES