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You are on page 1of 7

15:

4,

1 9 9 9 , 64 - - 70

FRACTIONAL MAXIMAL OPERATOR ON

WEIGHTED ORLICZ SPACES

In Memory of Professor M.T. Cheng

Liu Zongguang

(Huaihua T,~cher' s College, China)

Abstract

r

0 a < .

be gi~...

Introduction

measure ~

constant independent on x,y,z. For all hall B = B ( x , r ) = {yEX.d(x,y)<r}, we denote by

on Borel subsets of X satisfing the inequality [ 2 B I , ' ~ A [ B ] ,

which IB I,

Let X . = X XR+ = {( x , t ) : x E X ,t>fO } , B = ] ~ ( x , r ) = { ( y , t ) E X + : y E B ( x , r ) , O<.~t

< r } . The fractional maximal operator mapping the functions on X into functions on X+ is defined as following

1

~ ' ~ f ( x , t ) = sup

,~, /J(B(x,r))

~-.f#nc,.,~If(Y) Ida,

0 ~ a < i.

65

In the special case, . . . K ' ~ f ( x , O ) = M f ( x ) , where M is the well-known central Hardy-Littlewood maximal operator.

A nonnegative Borel measure ~ on X+ is said to be a quasi-dobuling measure if for each

ball B = B ( x , r )

Let w ( x ) be a weight (that is, a nonegative and locally integrable function) on X and

be a quasi-doubling measure on X+, the weighted maximal operator is defined as

~ ' ~ . , ~ f ( x , t ) = sup

1

I

If(Y) Iw(y)dp.

,;~, -~(B(x,r) ) B(~,,)

The aim of this paper is to obtain the sufficient and necessary conditions for ..~" to be of

the weak type and extra-weak type on the weighted Orlicz space. Now we recall the concept of

weighted Orlicz space.

Let ~ ( t ) be a Young's function, the well-known Young's inequality is the following

'st <~ r

+ ~(t),

V s,t >/ O,

~;(t) = s u p ( t r - ~ ( r ) ) .

r>0

IIxf(X)g(x)w(:c)d#l<~II f

II t.. ' II g II ~ . ~ .

Lemma 1[tj Let E be a d-bounded subset o f X and assume that for each x E E there exists

r ( x ) > 0 , then there exists a sequence {Bi} o f disjoint balls such that E C U 5K~Bj, where B i =

,i--I

By Lemma 1 , we can get the following lemma easily.

Lemma 2

~a((~.,, is o f weak type (1 , w l l , ~ ) , i.e. , there exists a constant c>O such that

~( { (:r,t) E X+:cC~Z...f(x,t) > 2}) ~< 7 x I f ( y ) Iw(y)d#

for each ,~>0.

Let ~ ( t ) be a Young's function, we introduce following functions on R+ 9

/~(t)

S t ( t ) -~ ~(t)

for t > 0 a n d / ~ ( 0 ) = St(0) = 0.

t

66

Lemma 3 [z]

15: 4, 1999

Let ~(t) be a Young' s function, then the follmz,ing estimates hold for every

t>~o

~5(R,(t)) ~ ~(t) ~ ~5(2R~(t)) ;

(a)

9 (S~(t)) % ~(t) ~ ~ ( 2 S , ( t ) ) ~

(b)

S,(R~(t ) ) ~ t ~ 2S,(2R~(t)) ;

(c)

(d)

Theorem 1

Let ( X , d , p )

be a

equivalent :

(1) There exsits c~'O such that for each f(x) am1 2 > 0 :

(2) ( ~ , w ) EA~.~,, i.e. , there exists r

Proof.

~ Cfx~(Cif(x)

such that

(1)=~(2).

For each ball B ~ X and f ( x ) , by the doubling condition of/~, there exists a constant co

> 0 depend{ng only on the constants K,A and a, such that

1 9

/~ ~ {(x,t) E X + ; c g * f ( x , t ) > Co/a(~3)~_ I [ f ( y ) , d l a } .

By ( 1 ) , we get

For fixed r

and k E N , let f ( x ) = c - l S . ( ~ x )

l ,E,={xEB.w(x)~l/k}.

f~(x) =f(x)ZE,(x), The last inequality and (b) of Lemma 3 tell us that

1

1

~<-/c f f~d/~,

which in turn implies that

) )w(x)dll

Denote

1

67

--1

Since g(B\U Ek)=0 and the constant on the right hand side of the last inequality does not dei--1

sup sup,>oco/~(B)

'-'''~'r R.[ ,(B-~l-or176

I BS, (

) d ) = c < oo,

where r = (coc)-~.

(2) =~(1)

For each e>0 and B = B ( x , r ) C X , Young's inequality and A~,~,condition give that

.r

~r162

~I~

([f(Y) t)w(y)dtz + _ _

< p(B)'-'I.

(~(.v)) ~(y,d'u

)"

V, then

R~'f~o, ~I,~S'(If(y)l)~(Y)dl')"

Taking the supremum in r for r > t ,

we get

"

By the weak type (1 ,w;1 ,p) of r162

we have

=

c

f ~t"([f(y)l)w(y)dt~

C~.o r

<~ <p(-~-oe,)jx~(

If(yll)w(y)dt,.

In virture of this, we obtain

This completes the proof of the Theorem 1.

Remark 1.

V ~( t ) ,

In the Theorem 1,we put ~P(t)=~(t) and notice R~(t)"--~t) and S#(t)'-.

t~oo

p.~O-l-

68

15: 4, 1999

c I xO(If(x)

~( { (x,t) E X+ . . ~ ( ' f ( z , t ) > ~l}) ~ ~--~

sup sup ~ . , / Z ( / ~ ) i _ . I

n,

(~-'~)d/z)<

I)w(x)d/z,

oo.

(a)

(b'

This is Theorem 1 in E43, where it is assumed that ~(t) satisfies A~ condition, i.e. , # ( 2 t ) ~

cr

Theorem 2

X+, w ( x ) a weight on X and ~ ( t ) a Young's function, then the following conditions are equvialent :

(2) ( ~ , w ) E E'~, i.e. , there exists r

such that

/z(B)~_~(x)

Proof.

and f ( x )

--E,~o/z = c <

~.

(1)~(2)

For each ball B C X and each integer k > 0 , we put El--- { x E B : w ( x ) > l / k }

and g j ( x ) =

Se /Z(B)t_-~w(x) ] Z~, ( x ) , where r., is a positive number which will be chosen later. Similar to

the proof of (1)=}(2) of Theorem 1 in w 2, we obtain

d,

= ~(--~-T'JC'~/z(B)'--7:~(:,,)

~~

f -,(x)d..

1 S

~j/~0~(~)

r -,(x)d,.</z(~i/,(x)d/z

.c~o

if fr

/Z(~(x)

] w (x)d/z.

I d/z

69

r

l"

(x)d"

Thus

IE~{l~(B)l-'w(x)r

Choosing r

f ~(

e,~CB)

we then obtain

I w(x).

coco,

Since the right hand side of the last inquality does not depend on ~, thus we have

sup~ ~{

,~(2~)

Iw(x),lJ(B-7~w(x) ) ~(-~al~ <. oo.

i.e., (~,w) E ~ .

(2)=~(1)

For each ball B=B(x,r), by Young's inequality and ~ , we get

w(y) . j_ 1 ~

~w(y) .

/j(B)a-'w(x)

~<

Taking the supremum

over

~ ( I f ( y ) I)w(yld/~ + ~tos

~r

~r

-I- r

and

{(x,t) E X+:~'R'~

~ -b_.....Ac

1

} C {(x,t) E X+...~';.o~(lfl)(x,t) ~ 1}.

F.0

~({(x,t) E X+..~'.f (x,D > i}) = ~ {(x,t) E X+ 88

) (x,t) >

~o I

~Ix~P(lq'c~ If(x) I ) w(x)dt~.

This completes the proof of Theorem 2.

same as that of Theorem 2 in [4"].

Acknotoledgnu,nt.

the author expresses his gratitude to Prof. Wang Silei for his enthusiastic guidance.

70

15. 4, 1999

Referneces

[I]

Col{man, R.R. and Weiss, G. , Extension of Hardy Space and Their use in Analysis, Bull.

Amer. Math. Sor , 83(1977), 569-645.

[2]

Kokilashvill, V. and Krbec, M. , Weighted Inequalities in Lorentz and Orlicz Space, World Scientific Pres, 1991.

[ 3]

Pick, L. , Two-weight Weak Type Maximal Inequalities on Orlicz Space, Studia Math. , 100

(1991), 207-218.

['4] Lai Qinsheng, Weighted Weak Type Inequalities for the Fractional Maximal Operator on Space of

Homogeneous Space (in Chinese), Acta Math. Siniea, 32(1989), 448- 456.

Department of Mathematics

Huaihua Teacher's College,

H u n a n , 418008

PRC

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