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1.1.1.1.

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Jotron B120 Service Guide

Table of Contents
2.
2.1
2.2
2.2.1
2.2.2
2.2.3
2.2.4

GENERAL ........................................................................................................................ 5
Using this manual ............................................................................................................... 5
Important safety information ................................................................................................ 5
Warning - Risk of Electric Shock ........................................................................................ 5
Warning- Risk for moving platform inside radome ............................................................... 5
Caution - RF Radiation Hazard .......................................................................................... 5
Who should install and service the system? .......................................................................... 5

3.

ALARMS & STATUSES .................................................................................................... 6

4.
4.1
4.2
4.3
4.4
4.4.1
4.4.2
4.5
4.5.1
4.5.2
4.5.3
4.5.4
4.6
4.6.1
4.6.2
4.6.3
4.7
4.7.1
4.7.2
4.7.3
4.7.4
4.8
4.8.1
4.8.2
4.8.3
4.8.4
4.8.5
4.9
4.10
4.10.1
4.11
4.11.1
4.11.2
4.12
4.12.1
4.12.2
4.13

FAULTFINDING ............................................................................................................. 12
Functional split ............................................................................................................... 12
Error states .................................................................................................................... 12
IP ................................................................................................................................... 18
GPS and Gyro Input....................................................................................................... 18
Check of NMEA input string ........................................................................................... 19
Configure NMEA baud rate ............................................................................................ 20
Exchange of ASU........................................................................................................... 20
Procedure for Physical replacement of ASU .................................................................. 20
Verifying correct Eeprom values of new ASU ................................................................. 23
Calibrating rate sensors and tilt sensor after exchange of ASU ...................................... 23
Calibrating polarisation values after exchange of ASU ................................................... 24
Sensor Unit .................................................................................................................... 26
Exchange of Sensor Unit ............................................................................................... 26
Configuration of new SU ................................................................................................ 27
Calibrating rate sensors and tilt sensor after exchange of Sensor Unit........................... 27
Transceiver .................................................................................................................... 28
Removing Transceiver ................................................................................................... 28
Inserting new Transceiver .............................................................................................. 29
Calibrating polarisation values after exchange of Transciever ........................................ 32
Polarisation Motor & Potentiometer ................................................................................ 33
Polarization alarm troubleshooting ................................................................................. 36
Checking potentiometer readings................................................................................... 36
Checking step motor current .......................................................................................... 39
High elevation polarization error..................................................................................... 39
TEST REGISTERS ........................................................................................................ 40
CHANGING THRESHOLD FOR POLARIZATION ALARM ............................................ 40
Belt Tension ................................................................................................................... 41
Exchange of Elevation Drive Belt ................................................................................... 42
Procedure ...................................................................................................................... 42
Slip Ring / Rotary Joint exchange .................................................................................. 50
Removing slip ring / rotary joint unit(s) ........................................................................... 50
Installing new slip ring / rotary joint unit(s) ...................................................................... 53
Cable modems ............................................................................................................... 54
Fault finding ................................................................................................................... 56
Cable Modem Exchange Procedure............................................................................... 57
Mechanicle check in ADE .............................................................................................. 66

5.
5.1
5.2

CABLING ....................................................................................................................... 66
ADE BDE RF cables ...................................................................................................... 66
NMEA ............................................................................................................................ 67

Revision A 2012-08-06

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Jotron B120 Service Guide

6.

START UP SEQUENCE................................................................................................... 68

7.
7.1
7.2
7.3
7.4
7.5

ADVANCED NETWORK CONFIGURATION ................................................................. 70


The Webmin tool /Interfaces .......................................................................................... 70
Access to webmin .......................................................................................................... 70
Customizing External interface Eth 1 ............................................................................. 71
Setting Gateway............................................................................................................. 73
Adding VLAN ................................................................................................................. 74

8.
8.1
8.2
8.3

SNMP FAULTFINDING.................................................................................................. 76
Problem getting SNMP response, No SNMP SW on ACU ............................................. 76
Check connectivity between modem and BDE ............................................................... 76
Check settings ............................................................................................................... 76

9.
9.1
9.1.1

DATABASE RECOVERY ............................................................................................... 76


Corrupt Database........................................................................................................... 76
Procedure installing new database ................................................................................ 76

10.
10.1

FINAL TEST BEFORE LEAVING VESSEL AFTER SERVICE ....................................... 77


Power off on test ......................................................................................................... 77

11.

WIRING DIAGRAM........................................................................................................ 78

12.

APPENDIX ABBREVIATIONS & COMPONENTS ....................................................... 81

Rev

Date

PA18
PA19
PA20

31.01.2012
13.04.2012
18.06.2012

PA21

25.05.2012

PA26
A

30.07.2012
06.08.2012

Revision A 2012-08-06

Pages
affected

All

Changes
SW 3.X , Vlan,SNMP,NMEA
New CMU type, webmin
Database Recovery
WEBMIN Setting Default Gateway
Minor change to exchange of transceiver how belt to
ppotentiometer
- is put on.
New Paragraph Polarisation checkpoints and troubleshooting (
potentiometer and step motor readings)
- New procedure or Exchanging Elevation Drive Belt.
Added procedure for slip ring / rotary joint exchange.
- Details in CM configuration
- Corrected some screenshots for CM configuration
Language check

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Jotron B120 Service Guide

Jotron B120
Stabilized VSAT Ku-antenna

Service Guide

CAUTION:
This stabilized antenna system is designed with a transmitter (Transceiver or BUC). A transmitter involves
potential hazards, including exposure to RF radiation, associated with the improper use of the transmitter.
The transmitter could operate independently of the stabilized antenna system. Prior to work on the
stabilized antenna system, the power to the transmitter must be switched off. When the transmitter is in
operation, no one should be allowed anywhere within the radiated beam being emitted from the antenna.
The ultimate responsibility for safety rests with the facility operator and the individuals who work on the
system.
Potentially lethal voltages are present within the ADE (Above Deck Equipment) and the BDE (Below Deck
Equipment) .To avoid electric shock, do not open the chassis enclosures of the BDE unless you are a Jotron
certified technician. Access inside the radome is only allowed for a Jotron certified technician.

Inside the radome of the ADE (Above Deck Equipment) a moving pedestal is present. While opening the
hatch, entering the radome or doing service on the pedestal please be observant so you are not hit by the
moving pedestal. The hatch shall always be securely locked unless a Jotron certified technician is doing
service inside the radome.

Revision A 2012-08-06

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Jotron B120 Service Guide

2. GENERAL

2.1 Using this manual


These instructions explain how to service the Jotron B120 VSAT stabilised antenna.
Instructions on how to use the system are provided in the Users Guide and Installation Guide
describes how to install the Jotron B120.

2.2 Important safety information


For your own safety, and for the safety of your passengers and/or crew, be sure to read the
following important notices.

2.2.1 Warning - Risk of Electric Shock


Potentially lethal voltages are present within the ADE (Above Deck Equipment) and the BDE
(Below Deck Equipment) .To avoid electric shock, do not open the chassis enclosures of the
BDE unless you are a Jotron certified technician. Access inside the radome is only allowed for
a Jotron certified technician.

2.2.2 Warning- Risk for moving platform inside radome


Inside the radome of the ADE (Above Deck Equipment) a moving pedestal is present. While
opening the hatch, entering the radome or doing service on the pedestal please be observant so
you are not hit by the moving pedestal. The hatch shall always be securely locked unless a
Jotron certified technician is doing service inside the radome.
Radiation Hazard

2.2.3 Caution - RF Radiation Hazard


The antenna transmits radio frequency (RF) energy that is potentially
harmful. Whenever the system is powered on, make sure everyone
stays more than 20 feet (6 m) away from the antenna within its 590 elevation range. No hazard exists directly below the antennas
mounting plane. If a person is standing outside the antennas main
transmission Beam, minimum safe distance is 1 foot (0.3 m).
However, since person may not know which direction the antenna is
pointing, it is always best to observe the full 20 feet (6 m) minimum safe
distance. Passenger safe distance 16 meter

16 m
(52 feet)

16 m
(52 feet)

5o

5o

Figure 1

Using the web interface, you can set up RF radiation hazard zones to inhibit transmissions
within areas frequented by your passengers and/or crew. See section 4.3 in the User Guide for
instructions.

2.2.4 Who should install and service the system?


To ensure a safe, correct and effective installation, only a Jotron certified technician should
install and service the Jotron B120. Jotron certified technicians have the tools and electronics
expertise necessary to install the system. For technical support contact your service provider.

Revision A 2012-08-06

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3. ALARMS & STATUSES

Alarms

Alarm
No contact with pedestal

Cause / Triggered by
Triggered if BDE do not get
response from control software
in the ADE

Alarms

No contact with uC

Caused either by
- Failure in communication
between BDE and ADE(ASU)
- ASU have entered an error
state where Micro Controller
in ASU do not respond to
requests

Alarms

No heading

Action
BDE
- Ping BCMU, default address 192.168.0.3
- Ping ACMU, default address 192.168.0.14.
- Ping ASU(Bf) default address 192.168.0.15
- If ping tests OK. Cable Modems and ADEBDE RX RF Cables are OK
- If ping to ACMU is not OK
- Check that Rx and Tx cables between
ADE and BDE are correctly connected,
and not cross connected
- Check if ADE and BDE CM are paired.
- If only ASU do not respond to ping check
Ethernet cable between ACMU and ASU
- Try restart of ADE,
- Try restart of BDE
BDE
- View alarm log entries for additional
Information.
- Ping BCMU, default address 192.168.0.3
- Ping ACMU, default address 192.168.0.14
- Ping ASU(Bf) default address 192.168.0.15
- Try restart ADE
BDE
- Check that NMEA cable connected
- Verify valid NMEA sentence available
- Check NMEA port speed
- Check BDE internal NMEA Cable to ACC

Page 6(81)

Units to inspect
ADE-BDE Rx cable
ADE
Cable Modem
ASUCM Eth.cable
RF Rx cables
Rotary Joint
Tapper
ASU
BDE
Rx cables
Tapper
Cable modem
Switch
Ethernet cables
Access Controller
ADE
ASU

BDE
NMEA Cable
NMEA Sentence
NMEA Speed

Jotron B120 Service Guide

Alarm
No GPS

Cause / Triggered by

Alarms

Alarms

No target

Alarms

No RF band defines

For the selected target number


(Satellite) there is no
configuration defined
For the target frequency RF
Band setup provides no
configuration for band

Alarms

No TRB contact

No response from the TRB


when querying its version

BDE
- Check alarm log for other entries.
- Power cycle ADE
- Re-load System SW ( ADE and BDE)

Alarms

No blockage definition for


heading

Alarms

Process failure

BDE
- JRAS, configure blocking zone or at least a
0-360 degree free zone
BDE
- Check alarms log for additional alarms
- Check process status in JRAS System ->
Status menu to determine which process
that has failed

Alarms

Regulator Alert

The blockage table must define


blockage or clear for all 360
degrees in azimuth
Internal watchdog has failed to
get an answer from a software
process. If the process in on the
ADE this may be due to loss of
the link. Otherwise a software
error is indicated
uC Status indicates an alert
condition. The alarm log
contains details of the type of
error

Revision A 2012-08-06

Action
BDE
- Check JRAS Position time updates
ADE
- Check GPS cable connection to ASU
BDE
- Check JRAS selected satellite parameters

Units to inspect
ADE
GPS
GPS to ADE Cable
ASU

BDE
- Check JRAS selected satellite parameters
- Check JRAS Transceiver and RF Band
Configuration

BDE
- Check Alarm log
- For polarization alert, See section for
polarization and potentiometer below.
- View JRAS System -> Regulation Status > view Uc Trace

Page 7(81)

ADE
ASU(TRB)
BDE SW loading
TRB
Power cycle ADE

Polarization
Friction all axis
Motors
SU

Jotron B120 Service Guide

Alarms

Alarm
Database Error - Umpire
process cannot
read rx info

Cause / Triggered by
An error reading the target
configuration caused by
misconfiguration or a software
error
Setting up the head(Transceiver)
involves setting DiSeQ
configuration, and Polarization.
If any of these tasks does not
complete within 90 seconds this
alarm is raised

Action
BDE
- Check Satellite Definition in JRAS.

Units to inspect

BDE
- Check Alarm logs for entries
ADE
- Power off, check transceiver moves freely in
operational range
- Check belts, motors and potentiometer
- May require to configure polarization with
test5 re-calibrate polarization

ADE
Transceiver
Pol. potentiometer
Pol Motor
Belts for polarization
ASU(motor drive)

BDE
- Check alarm log for other entries
- Try restart BDE & ADE
- Re-load System SW ( Both ADE and BDE)
BDE
- Check alarm log for other entries
- Try restart BDE & ADE
- Re-load System SW ( Both ADE and BDE)
BDE
- Check sensor reading LNB voltage, JRAS
menu System -> Sensors
(Mon_ADC_CH_LNB)
- Rx chain between ASU and Transceiver.
( Rx cable ASU - Splitter, splitter, Rx cable
splitter-Transceiver)
- Disconnect Transceiver Rx, if Power on
cable is OK at transceiver then either
Transceiver Rx is defect pulling too much
current or TRB board power supply defect.

ADE
ASU (TRB)

Alarms

Application Error - RF setup


stalled

Alarms

TRB Config stalled

Timeout trying to configure the


TRB

Alarms

TRB init failed

TRB indicates an error at startup

Alarms

TRB Powerline

The LNB power is set by the


TRB, if subsequently reading
the voltage back shows an error
this
alarm is raised

Revision A 2012-08-06

Page 8(81)

ADE
ASU(TRB)

ADE
ASU(TRB)
Rx cables
Splitter
Transceiver

Jotron B120 Service Guide

Alarms

Alarm
Polarization Slip

Cause / Triggered by
The polarization is set, and then
read back. If the value read from
potentiometer fail to converge
with the calibrated value this
alarm is raised

Action
BDE
- Check Alarm logs for entries
ADE
- Power off, check transceiver moves freely in
operational range
- Check polarization drive belts, motors and
potentiometer
- May require to configure polarization with
test5

Units to inspect
ADE
Transceiver
Pol. potentiometer
Pol Motor
Belts for polarization
ASU(motor drive)

Alarms

Relay Control Fail

Attempts to access the relay


switch gear at the front panel
failed

BDE
- Check alarm log for other entries
- Check cables from ACC to FPIU

BDE
ACC
FPIU
12VDC Power
supply

Alarms

uC Monitor

Alarms

Modem contact lost

uC indicates an error detected by BDE


its own monitoring either a
- Check alarm log
current error with the BUC or a
- Check track log
sudden loss of pointing
accuracy. The alarm log gives
details
No contact with the controlling
BDE
VSAT modem
- Check IP configuration
- Check VSAT Modem parameter definition in
JRAS
- Check SNMP Settings in VSAT Modem
(STM)
- Check Antenna settings in option file
(iDirect)
- Check IP routing, switch, router cables

Revision A 2012-08-06

Page 9(81)

ADE
Transceiver
ASU & TRB
SU

BDE
IP configuration
Modem
configuration
Ethernet Cables
External Netw
Eth. Cables
Switches, Routers
VSAT Modem
Check configuration

Jotron B120 Service Guide

Alarms

Alarm
Front Panel Disconnected

Cause / Triggered by
Front panel is not present or
attached

Action
BDE
- Check Cabling ACC FPIU
- Check Power cable 12VDC to FPIU

Units to inspect
BDE
FPIU
ACC

Alarms

Regulation Stopped

After repeated attempts at


startup the Micro Controller in
ASU stops attempting to
regulate.

BDE
- Check Alarm log

ADE
ASU
SU
Motors
Friction

Revision A 2012-08-06

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Jotron B120 Service Guide

Status - Values are shown for the duration of an activity they represent a system state
Status
Status
Status
Status
Status
Status
Status
Status
Status
Status
Status
Status
Status
Status
Status
Status

STARTUP
CHECK-TRB
READ-TRB
CHECK-REG-LOOP
STABILIZE
READ-MODE
READ-POSITION
READ-TARGET
CONFIG-HEAD
CONFIG-TRB
CONFIG-SENSORS
POINT
STATE_ENABLE_SYNCHRO
NOUS_READ
SPIN-UP
TRACK
ROTATE

Status
Status
Status
Status
Status
Status
Status
Status

SEARCH
DISABLED
MANUAL-STEER
LOCK_ENCODER
SPIN_DOWN
FIXED
UNLOCK_ENCODER
READ-SPECTRUM

Status

RESTORE-MODE

Revision A 2012-08-06

Shown prior to BDE having contact with the ADE and uC


Reading TRB status
Read TRB Version
Read/Check uC software version
Await the uC start of regulation
Read from the database the operational status of the antenna from the last time it ran
Await a valid position(GPS) and heading fix (NMEA input)
Read the target satellite details from the database
Set polarization and band at the LNB
Set the target frequency and mode of operation for the TRB
Set the configured tracking mode (sensor box mode)
Pointing to the nominal look angle waiting for the operation to complete
Set the TRB to auto report pointing readings clocked by the conical scan movement
Requested conical scan start(Antenna tracking pattern) waiting for stability in the movement
Normal tracking is running moves are applied based on estimated pointing error
During tracking If polarization is adjusted in steps larger than 1 degree, e.g. rewind, TX is disabled during this
operation. ( During tracking the Polarization continuously adjusted in steps less than 1 degree)
Wide area search is ongoing
Tracking has been disabled
Manual steering with full regulation has been selected
Before reaching the Fixed pointing mode we have requested that the encoder be locked await completion of this
Stopping conical scan (Antenna tracking pattern) before entering the next operational state
Fixed pointing mode selected. Regulation will not use azimuth encoder changes
Restoring normal encoder settings
At any time in operation the user may request that the transponder signature (spectrum) be read.
This causes entry to this sub state in which the TRB is configured to read the spectrum and the
results reported to the user
After reading a spectrum the system must re tune to the target and configure for normal tracking or whatever the
previous operational mode was. in this state we complete the TRB configuration to restore normal operation.

Page 11(81)

Jotron B120 Service Guide

4. FAULTFINDING
NOTE!

Potentially lethal voltages are present within the ADE (Above Deck Equipment) and the BDE (Below Deck Equipment) .To avoid electric shock, do
not open the chassis enclosures of the BDE unless you are a Jotron certified technician. Access inside the radome is only allowed for a Jotron
certified technician.
Inside the radome of the ADE (Above Deck Equipment) a moving pedestal is present. While opening the hatch, entering the radome or doing
service on the pedestal please be observant so you are not hit by the moving pedestal. The hatch shall always be securely locked unless a Jotron
certified technician is doing service inside the radome
4.1 Functional split
BDE ACC
User interface support with web and command line
SQL database for logs and configuration
Uploads ADE software to the Above Deck on start-up.
AMIP and VSAT modem interfaces

ADE - ASU
Stabilization, instantaneous corrections to look angle compensate for sea
motions
Hosts interfaces for GPS, Tracker receiver board and sensors
Tracking control, corrective movements are applied based on power
measurements taken as the bore sight is driven through a conical scan
pattern
Applies rules governing transmitter control, requirements dictate 100ms
response in some conditions

4.2 Error states


On arrival it is important to determine what fails and if reported failure is present. It is recommended to make an overview of the present situation by:
1. Do not restart system before visually inspecting BDE and ADE
2. Connecting to the BDE
a. Via JRAS look through alarm logs, tracking logs and counters
3. Enter the ADE and observe.
4. First system restarts should be visually observed in the ADE.

Revision A 2012-08-06

Page 12(81)

Jotron B120 Service Guide

Status
No Power on BDE

Indicates

No Power on ADE

ADE do not initiate at all

Revision A 2012-08-06

Check BDE Alarm state


BDE ADE communication fail.
ASU Faulty or no/incorrect SW installed

What to Check / to do
- Supply Voltage
- Inlet fuses on BDE, located on power inlet at the rear. 2 glass fuses.
- Net filter
- Internal BDE AC/DC power supplies 12 & 24VDC.
- Front panel board distributes supply voltage to some internal unites,
incl. Access controller.
- Check power present at circuit breaker
- Check Circuit breaker
- Check power input to the ADE AC/DC power supplies.
- Check Diode between dual power supply and ASU Power inlet.
- If supply voltage comes from BDE:
- Power output at BDE
- Cable between BDE & ADE
- Power supply Relay in BDE- Check cabling in BDE
- Check communication between ACC and ASU
- Ping tests from BDE and from ADE (WLAN)
- ADE BDE Rx Cable
- RX cabling in BDE
- Rx cabling in ADE
- Cable modems
- Ethernet ACMU ASU
- Ethernet in BDE:
- ACC Switch
- switch to BCMU
- ASU
- Re-install SW

Page 13(81)

Jotron B120 Service Guide

Status
ADE starts to initiate but
during initialisation all
motor loose torque

ADE starts to initiate but


after detecting home
sensor all motor loose
torque

ADE initiates but antenna


do not point at satellite

Antenna points to wrong


AZ position

Revision A 2012-08-06

Indicates
Indicates:
- Automatic Calibration of sensors, test 1 - If
needed it will start after sensor Unit has moved to
end stop and back to position of 0 degree elevation.
- Failure on motor
- Motor driver failure (ASU)
- Power supply, not giving enough power to drive
the antenna.
- Mechanical obstruction or friction causing system
to shout off power to the motor
Automatic Calibration may be initiated after sensor
Unit end-stop calibration and/or after antenna has
detected the home sensor.
(Automatic calibration is required if antenna is
started at a temperature which rate sensors are not
calibrated. After calibration the Antenna will restart.)
Check active alarms
- Check GPS and Gyro input.
(GPS may use up to 10 minutes to get valid
reading if system has been powered off for a long
period.)
- Az reference not detected ( Hall sensor) will give
an alarm, If magnet is in place on AZ cogwheel
it may be related to defect hall sensor, located
inside ASU, if faulty it will require ASU to be
exchanged.
Faulty setting of AZ home sensor offset value.

What to Check / to do
Verify free movements with no special torque in all axes. (Antenna
powered on so that motor breaks are off, verify free movement before
antenna starts to initiate.)
Observe antenna during initialisation.
To check if system is performing calibration of sensors: Check JRAS:
If status is = Calibrating wait 5-10 minutes for Test 1 to calibrate
rate sensors.
If status is Stabilising enter System -> regulation status and open
View uC Trace observe if test 1 has started. If so wait 5-10 minutes
for Test 1 to calibrate rate sensors.
Check JRAS status:
If status is = Calibrating wait 5-10 minutes for Test 1 to calibrate
rate sensors.
- If status is Stabilising enter System -> regulation status and open
View uC Trace observe if test 1 has started. If so wait 5-10
minutes for Test 1 to calibrate rate sensors.
- Check GPS
- GPS information can be received either from own GPS located in
ADE or GPS received via NMEA port on BDE.
- In JRAS check c
- Gyro, Check that NMEA cable is connected and that valid heading
sentence is present. In JRAS check counter for valid Gyro input
- If valid Gyro sentence is present on cable from Vessel, try to swap
input connection: Tx+ and Tx- on input connectors NMEA In A/+
and NMEA IN B/Verify by manually performing procedure for calibrating azimuth offset
values. ( Set Bow and point to satellite to fine tune AZ offset)

Page 14(81)

Jotron B120 Service Guide

Status
Antenna points to wrong
Elevation

Indicates
Adjust Elevation offset.
- The Elevation offset is usually no more +/- 3
degree. In JRAS the elevation offset values
should be between -300 and +300.

Polarisation is wrong

Check Alarm log


Re-calibrate polarisation

Polarisation do not turn


the complete range

Mechanical check

No receive signal on
Jotron B120 TRB

The TRB is located inside the ASU in the antenna.


Failure is most likely in ADE.

Got Receive carrier


/spectrum on TRB but not
able to track

- No modem lock antenna repeatedly re-points and


searches.
- No Spectrum Match (MOSIM)
- Drift in AZ due to un-calibrated rate sensors
- Tracking off due to faulty SU, ASU, or friction

Revision A 2012-08-06

What to Check / to do
Manually configure Elevation offset by performing calibration routine.
In JRAS menu Configuration -> pointing -> Access Advanced
Options Click on the value of Elevation offset. A pop up window will
appear, set value =0. Then find satellite and let the antenna track
satellite, when signal has peaked up, set EL and AZ offset, REFSAT.
Run procedure for calibrating polarisation. Start Telnet session and via
CLI start test 5, observe result in JRAS menu: System -> regulation
Status -> View uC Trace
- Check for physical obstructions limiting operational range, e.g. cables.
- Check that belt tension between motor and transceiver is not too tight.
- Loosen rear tightening bolt and Perform procedure for tightening.
- Check that potentiometer range is not limiting the turn by reaching end
stop. NOTE! Turn gently by moving potentiometer not to break
potentiometer end stop.
- Check LNB voltage MON_ADC_CH_LNB and measure it at
Transceiver Rx connector.
- Verify presence of 10MHz on Transceiver Rx Connector.
- RF cable(s)and components between transceiver and ASU(TRB)
- TRB (ASU)
- Transceiver
- Check Modem integration
- Check that spectrum is stored (MOSIM)
- Enter the ADE and observe if antenna is drifting off satellite in AZ.
If so Run TEST1 to calibrate rate sensors.
- Verify that bubble in level on top of SU is in centre, if not run test 3
- Check All axis for friction.

Page 15(81)

Jotron B120 Service Guide

Status
System tracking satellite,
No receive lock on VSAT
Modem

Indicates
- Tracking wrong satellite
- Defect Rx component between ASU(TRB)
and VSAT Modem.
- Faulty LO configured in VSAT Modem.
- Faulty Jotron B120 configuration of
transceiver or RF-Band

System tracking and


Modem has Rx lock. But
not able to log on ( Tx)

- No power on Transmitter
- No 10MHz reference on Transmitter Tx
(from VSAT Modem)
- Tx LO defined in VSAT Modem
- GPS Position defined in VSAT Modem (TDMA)
- Tx cabling

Revision A 2012-08-06

What to Check / to do
- Check JRAS satellite spectrum to verify correct satellite.
- Check RF-Band and Transceiver settings in Jotron B120
- Check Rx LO settings in VSAT Modem
- Check Satellite parameters in VSAT Modem
- Check BDE VSAT modem Rx cable
- Jotron B120 TRB is located in antenna, fault may be in Rx chain
between ADE and BDE:
- Use spectrum analyser and measure Rx signal on RF test connector
located on front of BDE, please note signal is output from a 10dB
coupler.
- Use coupler or splitter to measure on cable from ADE.
- If no Rx Signal check Rx Chain between ADE and BDE.
- Cables
- Rotary Joint
- Splitters, couplers, filters and amplifiers.
- Transceiver supply power is enabled by BDE:
- Observe that satellite name is Green in JRAS.
- Observe sensor reading A_MON-BUC Current of min 1.8A
- Measure 24VDC present at Tx Cable ( Test Tx mode)
- Verify that modem is configured to supply 10MHz reference and that
it is present at Tx input to transceiver, ( -10 to 5 dBm )
- Verify correct LO setting in modem.
- If CW sent from VSAT is received at HUB but not logging on check
Initial power setting and that GPS position is correct.
- Tx Chain BDE - ADE
- ADE BDE Cable
- Rotary Joint
- BIAS-T
- Cable: Bias T- transceiver
- Power cable to Bias-T.

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Status
Open AMIP interface
between BDE and iDirect
not working

Indicates
- Jotron B120 not configured for Open Amip
and/or wrong IP setting of VSAT modem.
- VSAT not correct IP setting for Antenna
controller.
- Routing between Jotron B120 and VSAT
Modem.
- Ethernet cables

STM SNMP, no response


from modem.

Database Error

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A corrupt DB will clearly be seen in JRAS

What to Check / to do
- Antenna Controller IP correctly configured in Option file
- Port is set to 2002, and port 2002 routing between VSAT and
BDE is open.
- Jotron B120 is configured to integrate via Open AMIIP
(OAMIP) and configured with correct IP for VSAT Modem.
- Telnet to Jotron B120, exit command shell and try to ping
VSAT Modem.
- From VSAT Modem try to ping Jotron B120 BDE.
- Try Telnet to BDE(ACC), port 2002. Should get response by
some characters appearing in telnet window.
- JRAS Satellite 0 selected ( Jotron B120 automatically sets
satellite = 0 when integration is set to Open AMIP.)
- If STM modem is connected on VLAN ensure VLAN
configuration is enabled on ACC
- Verify SNMP enabled on ACC
- Verify STM modem Device manager setting for interface used is
open for remote access
- STM Modem: verify SNMP settings on STM modem, open for
Public and that IP range include ACC
- See procedure for DB recovery
- Note!! Use correct repair DB version. It is related to System
SW version installed.

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4.3 IP

4.4 GPS and Gyro Input


Jotron B120 require heading information to locate satellite, supported NMEA-0183 sentences are:
$GPHDG
$GPHDT
$HCHDG
$HEHDT
$INHDT
Port configuration 4800, N, 8, 1 (standard config)
Jotron B120 BDE NMEA input is a RS232 interface 9-pin Male D-SUB connector:
- NMEA 0183 Gyro/GPS input to BDE on pin 2 and pin 5( GND)
- GPS output from BDE to modem on pin 3 and 5 (GND).
IMPORTANT- USE EXTERNAL OPTO- ISOLATOR CABLE:
External NMEA Cable is shipped together with BDE, female 9 Pin DSUB to be connected to Jotron B120
BDE and 4 wire with end sleeves to NMEA BUS and GPS output. The D-SUB on this external cable has
an integrated optical isolation circuit, which creates a galvanic separation between the BDE and the vessels
equipment. See wiring instructions in the section below.

Jotron B120 has GPS antenna & receiver located in the ADE, External GPS is not required but will give
extra redundancy. If GPS is available at BDE via NMEA 0183 from the vessel, the Jotron B120 will use
this GPS information as primary and GPS located in antenna will be backup. Supported Sentences are:
$GPGGA
$GPRMC
Jotron B120 output GPS information to modem from the active source of GPS input, (Jotron B120 ADE or
NMEA0183 input from the vessel) via pin 3 and 5 on NMEA port,

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Jotron B120 requires GPS position for:


- Acquiring satellite, AZ, EL and Polarization
- While tracking to keep correct polarization.

GPS
The Jotron B120 receives GPS information from its internal GPS antenna located at the rear of the pedestal.
On the first power on it can take up to 10 minutes before the GPS gives an output so be patient and verify
the Jotron B120 reading is the same as the vessels GPS position. And that counter GPS RX increases.

Gyro Input
Verify that reading in Jotron B120 web interface is the same as vessel. And that counter Gyro RX
increases

4.4.1 Check of NMEA input string


If heading is not updated, one can verify presence and format of NMEA heading string by connecting
NMEA input directly to your service PC COM port.
Pin 2 on the PC connected to TX on the NMEA string
Pin 5 on the PC connected to GND
Start a terminal emulator application
Configure the COM interface to
Typical Bit rate: 4800
Data bits: 8
Parity: None
Stop bits: 1
Handshake: None
If no strings appear try:
swapping cables between pin 2 and 5
- Try alternative speed 9600 bps or 19200 bps(Jotron B120 NMEA Port speed is default set to
4800bps. Please see procedure below for changing port speed )

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4.4.2 Configure NMEA baud rate


The speed of the BDE NMEA port can be changed (standard 4800)
This change is available in telnet.
Syntax as follows: nmeaport <device> <bps>
Example of how to change the speed to 9600
Connect your pc to the BDE.
Log in to telnet with credentials CLI , telnet
Enter command: nmeaport /dev/ttyS1 9600

4.5 Exchange of ASU


Work Flow:
1. If Possible download Eeprom values
2. Physical exchange of ASU
3. Restore or set ASU Eeprom values
4. Calibration of Tilt and rate sensors
5. Calibration of Polarisation

4.5.1 Procedure for Physical replacement of ASU


The ASU is fastened with 4 screws, 2 on each side of the enclosure, showed in the picture with arrows.

1. Use an 3mm Allan key to remove screws.

2. Each connector on the front of the ASU is fastened with screws, use flat headed screwdriver.

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To unscrew the Power in/out connectors on the back of the ASU you have to lift up the ASU to access the
screws.

3. Use an 11mm wrench to loosen the TRB RF Cable

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4. Use an SMA torque wrench to loosen the GPS cable on the ASU, to loosen it is also possible to use an
8mm wrench but always use a SMA torque wrench to fasten the SMA connector.

5. Now you can remove the ASU


6. Remove the motor-breaks PCB from old ASU ( 5mm) Wrench

7. Insert a New ASU and follow procedure above in reverse order.


Note!
a. When tightening the F connector for the TRB do not tighten to hard, tighten until snug (30lbs /
3.4nm of torque.). Do not over tighten this F connector.
b. Use an SMA Torque Wrench when tightening the PGS SMA Connector
8. Power on the antenna and observe that the antenna initialize correctly.
(Note that the antenna will probably enter alarm mode after detecting hall sensor due to polarization
not correctly calibrated)

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4.5.2 Verifying correct Eeprom values of new ASU


Eeprom values in New ASU will need to be set, connect to BDE using telnet and verify that registers
contain correct value:
Test command Should read
If not set value Title
Description
rep 1 306
1
sep 1 306 1
Manufacturing default 1,
Type of Regulation
defines the correlation
between cross elevation
and Azimuth
rep 1 107 -1
rep 1 108 -1

-1
-1

sep 1 107 -1
sep 1 108 -1

Mechanical EL and
XEL Information in
ASU

Default factory setting


are -1 for but registers
defining that mechanical
end-stop values should be
found during
initialization and are not
predefined.

4.5.2.1 Example of reading and setting Eeprom values


All values can be read by typing
Rep x y
Where x is the Eeprom number and Y is the register

All values can be set by typing


Sep x y
Where x is the Eeprom number and Y is the register
Note! Values are directly set into registers

4.5.3 Calibrating rate sensors and tilt sensor after exchange of ASU
It is strongly recommended that the Vessel is in port. The calibration can also be performed at sea
but then it is important that there is none/minimal sea movements and that the vessel is not turning
in Azimuth,
1. Enter the radome

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2. Connect to wireless Zone in radome.


3. Enter Menu System -> calibration
4. Press button Invalidate. This will delete all previous calibration data for Tilt and rate sensors
all graphs and table values will be deleted.
5. Start a Telnet session to 192.168.0.2
Login with user: cli
Password: telnet
Type: test 3
The antenna will enter test mode and all brushless DC motors will be powered off and stabilization
will be turned off.
6. By hand move the antenna in XEL and EL until the Level on top of the sensor unit is in level
7. Again type test 3 tilt sensor is calibrated rate sensors will continue to calibrate.
8. Wait until brushless DC motors re-powers
9. Press Button Download under calibration menu in web interface. New calibration data for tilt
and rate sensor will be downloaded from ASU to SQL database in BDE.
10. Power cycle antenna by switching off and on circuit breaker
11. Observe that the antenna initialize correctly.
(Note that the antenna will probably enter alarm mode after detecting hall sensor due to
polarization not correctly calibrated)

4.5.4 Calibrating polarisation values after exchange of ASU


1. Enter the radome
2. Connect to wireless Zone in radome.
3. Start a telnet session to BDE, 192.168.0.2
4. Login with user: cli , password: telnet
5. Type in: test 5
The transceiver:
a. Turns CCW to mechanical end stop
b. Turns CW until mechanical end stop,
c.
2-3 degrees out of CW Mechanical end stop
d. Moving CW stopping every 20 degree inserting potentiometer references into Eeprom.

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6. When sensor unit starts to move, power cycle antenna by switching off and on circuit breaker
7. Observe that the antenna initialize correctly and points towards the satellite.
8. AZ and Elevation offsets for new ASU is not optimized and the antenna may not be able to
perform a direct point and track satellite. If Antenna is not able to track satellite try initiating a
search.
9. When antenna is tracking and signal is optimized, set new AZ and EL offset values by:
a. Enter menu Configuration ->Pointing
b. Press button RefSat

10. Power cycle BDE and ADE


11. Observe ADE initialisation and that it points to satellite
12. Verify that it tracks the satellite at same AZ and EL angle as theoretical calculated direction, if not
repeat from step 8.

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4.6 Sensor Unit


Work Flow:
1. If Accessible download SU Eeprom values
2. Physical exchange of SU
3. Restore or set SU Eeprom values
4. Calibration of Tilt and rate sensors
Tools
3mm Allen Key
Flat screwdriver
Cutting pliers
Loctite 243 or similar

4.6.1 Exchange of Sensor Unit


1. Disconnect DSUB connector at rear of SU(1)
2. Cut Cable tie holding the Sensor Cable located at the
bottom of the SU(2)
3. With one hand hold SU bracket and SU.
4. Remove sensor unit bracket and SU by removing three
Bolts (3) on SU bracket.
5. Remove SU from bracket
6. Replace with new SU
7. Place belt back on between SU Cogwheel and motor
timing pulley.
8. Insert SU Drive shaft into Transceiver support tube (4)
9. Apply Loctite 243 on bolt(3)
10. Push SU bracket to the left and secure it with bolts (3)
11. Connect DSUB(1)
12. Use Cable Tie to fasten SU Cable under SU
13. Complete procedure for re-calibration of rate sensors and inclinometer, test 3
(described in section Installation)
14. Check Belt tension

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15. If needed adjust belt by loosening motor, 4 bolts (5) and moving motor up/down and when belt
tension is correct tighten bolts(5) fastening the motor. Note! Use loctite 243 or similar on bolts

4.6.2 Configuration of new SU


Eeprom values stored in SU will need to be set, connect to BDE using telnet and verify that registers
contain correct value:
Read Command Should read
To Set Value command
Description
Rep 2 21
Mechanical Main Rev No
sep 2 21 X
X = Main revision
Rep 2 22
Mechanical sub rev no
sep 2 22 Y
Y = Sub revision
Rep 2 23
ADE serial no
sep 2 23 Z
Z = Serial number

4.6.2.1 Example of reading and setting Eeprom values


All values can be read by typing
Rep x y
Where x is the Eeprom number and Y is the register

All values can be set by typing


Sep x y <Value>
Where x is the Eeprom number and Y is the register
Note! Values are directly set into registers

4.6.3 Calibrating rate sensors and tilt sensor after exchange of Sensor Unit
It is strongly recommended that the Vessel is in port. The calibration can also be performed at sea
but then it is important that there is none/minimal sea movements and that the vessel is not turning
in Azimuth,
1. Enter the radome
2. Connect to wireless Zone in radome.
3. Enter Menu System -> calibration
4. Press button Invalidate. This will delete all previous calibration data for Tilt and rate sensors
all graphs and table values will be deleted.
5. Start a Telnet session to 192.168.0.2
Login with user: cli
Password: telnet
Type: test 3
The antenna will enter test mode and all brushless DC motors will be powered off and stabilization
will be turned off.
6. By hand move the antenna in XEL and EL until the Level on top of the sensor unit is in level

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7. Again type test 3 tilt sensor is calibrated rate sensors will continue to calibrate.
8. Wait until brushless DC motors re-powers
9. Press Button Download under calibration menu in web interface. New calibration data for tilt
and rate sensor will be downloaded from ASU to SQL database in BDE.
10. Power cycle antenna by switching off and on circuit breaker
11. Observe that the antenna initialize correctly.

4.7 Transceiver
Workflow:
1. Physically replace Transceiver
2. Calibration of polarisation, test 5
Tools
3mm Allen Key
11mm Wrench

6 mm wrench
15mm wrench
Cutting pliers
Loctite 243 or similar

4.7.1 Removing Transceiver


Step By Step procedure, reference numbering refer to drawing below.
1. Remove belt on potentiometer by:
a. Turn Transceiver to CW position
b. Put finger on potentiometer belt as shown below
c. Roll off belt by rotating transceiver CCW and gently applying pressure to belt with finger
2. Loosen pol step motor bracket, 3 bolts(2), to get slack on drive belt to transceiver cogwheel.
3. Cut tie-wrap(3) located at upper side of the Yoke holding RF cables to get slack on RF cables
4. Disconnect TX and RX connectors on Transceiver (4)
5. Loosen lock nut (5)
6. Unscrew 2 turns on the bolt tightening the transceiver (6)
7. Remove 6 bolts (7) fastening the rear supporting mechanism (9). Note inside centre of rear support
mechanism there is a bearing and two washers, see drawing (8).
8. Gently take out transceiver, and when reachable cut the 2 tie-wraps holding the RF cables to the
bracket on the transceiver inside the supporting tube.
9. The transceiver can be removed.

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4.7.2 Inserting new Transceiver

1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.

7.
8.
9.
10.
11.
12.

13.
14.
15.
16.
17.
18.
19.
20.
21.

Step by step, numbers in parentheses are references in drawing.


Verify potentiometer is rotated to the CW end-stop.
Connect Tx and Rx connectors to the transceiver. (4)
Fasten RF cables to the Bracket on transceiver using tie wraps.
Gently insert transceiver into supporting tube, at the same time guiding RF cables out of the front
end of the tube.
Place belt from motor onto transceiver cogwheel, access the belt in the front hole of the tube and
slide it on by rotating the transceiver from side to side.
Insert rear suspension (9), Note to be sure that the washer (8) is located in centre. If there is not
enough space to completely insert the rear suspension: check that the transceiver is completely
inserted to the front towards the feed, if so then loosen centre tightening bolt (6).
Verify free turn in operational range
Use Loctite 243 or similar on bolts (7) and tighten bolts for rear suspension.
By hand push transceiver forward towards the feed and by hand tighten maximum centre
tightening bolt(6) then turn it turn back.
Ensure that tightening bolt (6) remain in this position while Lock nut(5) is securely tightened
using a wrench.
Put Loctite 243 or similar on pol. Motor bracket bolts(2),
Tighten belt between motor bracket and transceiver by moving the motor bracket upwards, secure
motor bracket by tightening bolts (2). Note ! Do not tighten belt to hard, you should be able to twist
belt 180 degree, ref section belt tension.
New Cable tie fastening the RF cables to the Yoke(3)
Set transceiver and potentiometer in CW end of operational range. Note! Move potentiometer
gently towards the end stops so end-stop do not break.
Turn potentiometer approximately turn CCW approximately 4 strokes with finger. ( out
of end stop ),
Put potentiometer belt on potentiometer timing pulley
Put potentiometer belt on upper part of potentiometer motor pulley, holding it with a finger and roll
belt on by turning the transceiver in CCW direction.
Check full operational range of transceiver and no special friction
Start system and observe initialisation
You will probably get an alarm due to polarisation not calibrated
Run test 5 to calibrate new potentiometer values for transceiver operational range

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Finger

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Removing potentiometer belt


-

Turn Transceiver to CW position


Put slight pressure on belt
Turn transceiver CCW
Belt rolls off

Installing potentiometer belt


- Turn Transceiver to CW position
- Turn Potentiometer to CW position
(gently not to break end stop)
- Turn potentiometer approximately turn
CCW, approximately 4 strokes with
finger. ( out of end stop ),
- Put potentiometer belt on potentiometer
timing pulley(1)

- Put potentiometer belt on upper part of


potentiometer motor pulley(2), holding it
with a finger and roll belt on by turning the
transceiver in CCW direction.

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4.7.3 Calibrating polarisation values after exchange of Transciever


1.
2.
3.
4.

Enter the radome


Connect to wireless Zone in radome.
Start a WEB session to BDE, 192.168.0.2
Enter Uc Trace view by:
a. Opening System -> regulation Status
b. Press button View uC Trace

5. Start a telnet session to BDE, 192.168.0.2


6. Login with user: cli , password: telnet
7. Type in: test 5

The transceiver:
a. Turns CCW to mechanical end stop
b. Turns CW until mechanical end stop,
c.
2-3 degrees out of CW Mechanical end stop
d. Moving CW stopping every 20 degree inserting Potentiometer references into Eeprom.
e. During the calibration the WEB window of uC trace will update and report status, if not
successful select stop trace to prevent scrolling and navigate up to calibration results.
Please see example below of successful calibration.
8. When sensor unit starts to move, power cycle antenna by switching off and on circuit breaker
9. Observe that the antenna initialize correctly and points towards the satellite.
uC trace results
If calibration of polarisation is unsuccessful scroll up in the uC trace and find potentiometer readings, as
shown below.
1. Results from reading 1 are potentiometer readings for every 20 degree turn of
polarisation rotating transceiver CCW.
2. Results from reading 2 are potentiometer readings for every 20 degree turn of
polarisation rotating transceiver CW.

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3. The values of readings 1 and 2 are the voltage read, the value will vary from installation to
installation and is dependent on position of potentiometer.
4. To be observed:
a) The numeric difference, delta value, between each reading should be
approximately: 100 130 units
b) Malfunction caused by friction may be indicated by:
1. If most of the readings are separated be 100-130 units but some readings
are separated with less numeric spacing may indicate too high friction in
this/these areas of operation
2. If numeric values in reading 1 and reading 2 differ more than 5 units this
may indicate Friction:
3. Check friction by turning power off and rotate transceiver, also ensure that
the RF cables do not cause friction at certain position.
c) Constant reading may indicate:
1. transceiver not rotating.
2. Potentiometer not rotating.
3. Defect potentiometer.
Extract of uC trace running test 5 calibration if polarisation

4.7.4 Polarisation Motor & Potentiometer


1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.

9.
10.
11.
12.
13.
14.
15.
16.
17.

Turn Transceiver to CW position


Put finger on potentiometer belt as shown below
Roll off belt by rotating transceiver CCW and gently applying pressure to belt with finger
Cut Tie wraps (1)
Disconnect motor and Potentiometer cable
Use 3mm Allen Key and remove bolts(2)
Remove bracket
Note! If replacement bracket has potentiometer belt on please remove this by:
a. GENTLY! rotate the potentiometer to CW end stop. ( not to break end stop)
b. Put finger as shown below
c. Roll off belt by rotating Potentiometer CCW.
Place Bracket onto the Cradle fastening, do not tighten it should be possible to move bracket up
and down, with only the one bolt (2) on the right hand side of the bracket.
Ensure that transceiver drive belt is around cogwheel on transceiver and put it on motor timing belt
pulley.
Put finger in hole (3) and tighten belt (should be possible to twist turn)
Secure bracket with bolts (2). Note! Use Loctite 243 or similar.
Set transceiver in CW end of operational range.
Gently rotate Potentiometer to CW end of operational range.
( Note! Move pot-meter gently towards the end stops so end-stop do not break.)
Turn potentiometer approximately turn CCW, approximately 4 strokes with finger.
Put Potentiometer belt on potentiometer timing pulley
Put potentiometer belt on upper part of potentiometer motor timing belt pulley, holding it with a
finger and roll belt on by turning the transceiver in CCW direction.

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18. Connect motor cable


19. Connect potentiometer, cables are labelled with Potentiometer Pin Number
a. Yellow pin 2/wiper
b. Red Pin 1
c. Black Pin 3
20. Apply tie wraps (1)
21. Verify that transceiver turns freely in complete operating range
22. Power on antenna and Run Calibration of polarization Test 5 (described in section Exchange of
Transceiver)

First bolt to be entered


during assembly

Finger

Transceiver drive belt

First bolt to be entered


during assembly

Connecting Potentiometer:
1. Connection Point 1 Red Cable
2. Connection Point 2 (Wiper) Yellow cable
3. Connection point 3 Black Cable

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Removing potentiometer belt


-

Turn Transceiver to CW position


Put slight pressure on belt
Turn transceiver CCW
Belt rolls off

Installing potentiometer belt


- Turn Transceiver to CW position
- Turn Potentiometer to CW position
(gently not to break end stop)
- Turn potentiometer approximately turn
CCW, approximately 4 strokes with
finger. ( out of end stop ),
- Put potentiometer belt on potentiometer
timing pulley(1)

- Put potentiometer belt on upper part of


potentiometer motor pulley(2), holding it
with a finger and roll belt on by turning the
transceiver in CCW direction.

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4.8 Polarization alarm troubleshooting


In case of regulator alert alarm, check register 100 to see if polarization is the cause.
This is done in the CLI. (telnet)
Start by connecting to the BDE and use a telnet application to access the CLI.
(Standard address is 192.168.0.2)

Log in with credentials user: cli password: telnet


After logging in use command rtr 100 to read register 100, this is a general alarm register and if
returned value is:
o
0 - All is well no alarm
o 32 - The alarm is related to polarization
o 96 - The potentiometer is not calibrated. (This can occur if calibration of potentiometer,
test 5, have failed.)

(in example value 0 is returned meaning no error.)

4.8.1 Checking potentiometer readings


A manual check of the potentiometer can be done by setting the antenna in hold mode. This is done by
either going in to the pointing menu of the web interface or by entering the CLI command pause

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Then one can run the transceiver to various positions using the tilt value command, value given
in degrees. Normal span is from -37 to 144 degrees approximately.

The potentiometer reading can be read via the rs 7 command which reports the unfiltered and
unscaled value.
Try moving the transceiver and read rs 7 and see if the value changes. It should give a more or
less linear curve. If the potentiometer is broken or the transceiver is stuck, typically this value will
not change much. ( On current HW version 2.1, a polarization move of 1 degree in polarization is
Average/approximately 5.7 units in register RS 7)

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The ASU has a pre-stored table of potentiometer readings for every 20 degree. This table is created
during Potentiometer calibration, test 5.
This Table is used to calculate the polarization error by comparing the value in the table to the
current reading, The limit before rising a Potentiometer Alarm is 2 degrees. (200 in cli)
The estimated polarization error can be read via test register 166.(cli command rtr 166)

The table is stored in a EEPROM (index 113-122) and is stored when running test 5. If test 5 fails
the EEPROM table is cleared (all values set to -1).
The EEPROM values can be read manually, CLI command rep 1 113, rep 1 114.. Values are
displayed during start-up (might be difficult to start trace early enough to catch this, but running
test 25 will re-read and display EEPROM values ( use str 209 1 command first to avoid
restarting). When plotting the EEPROM values they should give a more or less linear curve
(decreasing). Values should decrease in steps of approx. 110 125.
Ready for Command:rep 1 113
uc eeprom [113] = 2260
Ready for Command:rep 1 114
uc eeprom [114] = 2134
Ready for Command:rep 1 115
uc eeprom [115] = 2012
Ready for Command:rep 1 116
uc eeprom [116] = 1887
Ready for Command:rep 1 117
uc eeprom [117] = 1760
Ready for Command:rep 1 118
uc eeprom [118] = 1634
Ready for Command:rep 1 119
uc eeprom [119] = 1508
Ready for Command:rep 1 120
uc eeprom [120] = 1381
Ready for Command:rep 1 121
uc eeprom [121] = 1253
Note that the tilt command will work within the limits given by the test registers
R_POL_START_CDEG and R_POL_STOP_CDEG. The control SW will implement unwrap.
Running test 28 will run transceiver to end point.

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4.8.2 Checking step motor current


We have the possibility to monitor the current in the step motors. This is done from the cli running the rs
command (rs = read sensor).
rs 22 gives the current in the step motor
This is just an unscaled adc value, but gives an indication of the current used. The measured current is the
combined current to the step motors. The current depends on whether one or two coils are powered in the
step motors.
The step motors runs the following conditions.
Sens motors: one or two coils (runs and holds in in half-step mode which, gives the best accuracy)
Polarization motor: holds using one in order to minimize power consumption and runs using two coils in
order to give maximum torque.
The step motors will draw current when attached and the measured current will depend on whether the
motors are running or only holding.
The motors can be tested by setting the antenna in hold mode (in cli:pause) and running the step motors
manually (in cli: el value or tilt value, value given as degrees).
No motors attached
rs 22 gives the value 0.
Pol motor not attached (running sens motor)
Holds step motor: fixed value approx 150 or 300
Running sens step motor: toggling between approx 150 and and approx 300
Sens motor not attached (running sens motor)
Hold pol motor: approx 150
Running pol motor: approx 300
Both motors attached (not running sens motor)
Holds pol motor:
approx 300 /450 depending on elevation motor holdig one or two coils.
Running pol motor: approx 450/600
Note: It is not possible to see if transceiver is stuck or not from reading the current, but at least one can see
if there is any problem with the step motor cables or motor. At least when running the pol motor the
measured value should be larger than the hold current.
It should be possible to see if sensor box is moving, but then one must turn off tracking in elevation.
cli: pause(to enter hold mode)
cli: str 21 0
cli: el value (to run sensor box)
cli: rs 2
The value reported gives the elevation rate sensor which should change.

4.8.3 High elevation polarization error


Note that for very high elevation (> 85 ) we can get polarization alarm if azimuth pointing is off.
The normal satellite tracking does not work in the same way for very high elevation so here the B120
adjusts the azimuth based on gyro input.
(For system release 2.11 this alarm occurs at 75 , but in the 2.11_Branch 3 the alarm threshold is increased
to 85 .)

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4.8.4 TEST REGISTERS


Test register values are used to report or to control the MCSW. Test register values will be cleared after
restart or get some default value. In order to permanently change parameters this must be done by changing
code or some parameter can be change by writing to the EEPROM.

Test
register
100

NAME

Explanation

R_ALERT_STATUS

105

R_ALERT_POL_CLEAR

166

R_DF_POL

If polarization alarm (bit 5 is set =32)


If no potentiometer values in EEPROM (bit 6 is set = 64).
Writing 1 to this register clears the polarization alarm. The SW
will go on and ignoring this alarm. The value will be cleared
after a reset.
Important: Avoid transmitting when this register is set.
Value given in [cdeg] and gives polarization error. Gives
difference between measured value and reference value. The
reference values are set during test 5. 1 The default threshold is
200 (2 )

The direct reading from the potentiometer can be read via


the cli command: rs 7
This value should change linearly when rotating
the transceiver. If potentiometer is broken or transceiver stuck
the register will have a fixed value. In earlier SW releases (prior
to 3.5) register 166 is not given in cdeg, and must be scaled up
by 1.5.
167
R_POT
Direct reading of potentiometer, only in v3.69 or later
209
R_SKIP_INITIALIZATION If set to 1, abort normal initialization, load eeprom values and
goes directly to regulation mode.
Normally test 5 will lead to a complete restart, but this can
avoided. After a restart this register is cleared!
248
R_POL_START_CDEG
Start value for polarization setting in cdeg
249
R_POL_STOP_CDEG
Stop value for polarization setting in cdeg
Read test register (rtr index). Write test register (str index value)

4.8.5 CHANGING THRESHOLD FOR POLARIZATION ALARM


The threshold for polarization alarm is default +/-2 . This value is the default value. It is possible to modify
this value by writing to EEPROM register 131 (sep 1 131 value for setting value and reading back by rep
1 131). The value will not be cleared after a reset. If the EEPROM value is -1 one it will use the default
value (200). Important: Avoid transmitting when this EEPROM value is set above 200.

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4.9 Belt Tension


Belt tension should be verified by twisting the belt in the centre using hand force.
a) Motor to gear Belt: Approx. 1/8 turn

b) Gear to Pulley Belt: Approx. turn

c) Pol motor and SU motor belts are thinner and should be : Approx turn

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4.10 Exchange of Elevation Drive Belt


Tools:
LocTite 243 or similar thread lock
3mm Alan Key
4mm Allan Key
8mm Wrench

4.10.1 Procedure
1. Move antenna Up to max elevation
2. Put finger and pressure on belt as shown below and at the same time lower the antenna elevation,
rolling the belt of the cogwheel.

3. Completely loosen bolts 1,2,3 but leave them inserted to hold the elevation cable run in place.
4. Loosen bolt 4 so that the cable run can be tilted as shown under and the 4mm Allan key get access
to the belt fastening bolt

2
1

4
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5. Use 4 mm Alan Key and 8mm wrench to loosen and remove bolt fastning belt

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6. Before loosening the last bolt (number 4) Please note that cable run consists of 3 parts, outer metal
ring, center ring and inner ring. So when loosening bolt 4 its important to have a good grip on outer
and inner metal plate, and that all bolts are in place. See next section

If you lose the grip the cable run may come a part.

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7. Remove the last bolt holding the cable run ( bolt number 4) leave the bolts in as shown below and
have a good grip on the inner and outer plate.

8. Remove belt and put new one back on

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9. Gently put back cable run and fasten bolt number 4

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10. Fasten the belt to the cogwheel

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11. Fastening cable run, use Loctite just a drop and clean off excessive Loctite
Remove two bolts from cable run and apply Loctite and repeat for the two other bolts

12. Move antenna to maximum and minimum Elevation while checking that cables run freely without
friction inside cable run

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13. Move antenna down to minimum Elevation and put belt on gear and part of the cogwheel as shown
below:

14. Hold your finger on belt while moving antenna up in Elevation and belt rolls on the cogwheel, do
not force the belt on.

15. Check belt tightness and adjust elevation bracket if belt requires to be adjusted.

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4.11 Slip Ring / Rotary Joint exchange


Work Flow:
The slip ring and rotary joint can be exchanged individually but is in the same procedure due to being
mounted together.
1. Physical exchange of unit
2. Install new unit
Tools
3mm Allen key
2.5mm Allen key
Flat screwdriver
Cutting pliers
8mm wrench (SMA torque wrench)
11mm wrench
12mm wrench
Loctite 243 or similar

4.11.1 Removing slip ring / rotary joint unit(s)


The slip ring and rotary joint is located in the centre hub of the AZ axis.
Remove ASU, ref section 4.5.1 of this manual.
1. Disconnect SMA connectors on top of the rotary joint using SMA wrench (8mm)
2. Remove 6 screws holding the cable bracket.**
3. Cut cable tie holding power cable.
4. Remove / lift up cable bracket.

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5. Disconnect the RF cables on the base of the pedestal using a 12mm wrench.
6. Cut the cable tie holding the power cable on the base of the pedestal.

7. The slip ring and rotary joint can now be lifted up, make sure to feed the RF and power cable from
underneath as you pull up.

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8. Unscrew the RF cables on the underside of the rotary joint using a SMA wrench (8mm)
9. Unscrew 4 screws holding the rotary joint to the slip ring using a 2.5mm Allen key, the rotary can
now be removed or exchanged from the slip ring.

10. In order to exchange slip ring, disconnect the power cable at the clamp terminal. NOTE: make sure
pedestal is disconnected from power source as potentially lethal voltages may be present.

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11. The slip ring can now be removed.

4.11.2 Installing new slip ring / rotary joint unit(s)


Reverse procedure above using new unit(s).
Make sure TX and RX are correctly connected; TX uses centre channel and RX side channel of the
rotary joint.
Do not over tighten SMA connectors, preferably use SMA torque wrench when reattaching.
**Do not over tighten cable bracket screws entering POM on top of the assembly. (ref point 2 in
above procedure)
Always use Loctite 243 or similar on all screws.

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4.12 Cable modems


ACMU Above Deck Cable Modem Unit
BCMU Below Deck Cable Modem Unit
Cable Modem units CMU, enables communication between ADE and BDE there is one unit located at the
back of the pedestal in the ADE and for single antenna system one unit located in the BDE, and 2 CM in
BDE for dual antenna system. The intercommunication is modulated on to the RX cable at 2.4GHz. The
CMU are configured as a pair, repeat mode, where the respective MAC addresses are configured to enable
them to communicate. Replacement of one or both unit will require change of CMU configuration in both
ACMU and BCMU.
IP Settings
Single antenna IP configuration
ACMU: 192.168.0.14
BCMU: 192.168.0.5
Dual Antenna IP Configuration
Antenna 1
ACMU: 192.168.0.14
BCMU: 192.168.0.5
Antenna 2
ACMU: 192.168.0.13
BCMU: 192.168.0.6
Overview
There are two types of cable modems, See difference in appearance below.
Type 1
Type 2

Type 1:

Configuration of cable modems via WEB Interface, connect to CMU IP address in browser
Username = <blank>
Password = admin
WLAN
Device name / SSID: Jotron120#xxxx (xxxx = Antenna serial no)
WPA-Personal with TKIP encryption.
Passphrase: J0t@0n120
Communication between BDE and ADE, WLAN over Rx Cable, 2.4GHz.
Physically identical units in BDE and ADE
Configured in Repeater Mode
MAC address of other unit must be programmed.

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LED Activity:

Normal activity during operation:


Red: Indicates power to the CMU, will more or less light constantly
Orange: indicates physical link on Ethernet cable will blink during traffic on Ethernet cable.
Green: Indicates ready for wireless use and blinks during traffic via Wireless port.
At power on/ Initialization LED Activity:
1. Red and Orange momentarily light up
2. All LEDs Off ( approx. 3 sec)
3. Red and Orange lights up
4. Orange slowly blinks, Red lights constant
5. Then green starts to blink and orange go off while red is on
6. Orange and green blinks and red is constant on.
Duration of complete initialization is approx 10 Seconds.
Type 2:

Configuration of cable modems via WEB Interface, connect to CMU IP address in browser
Username = admin
Password = admin
WLAN
Device name / SSID: Jotron120#xxxx (xxxx = Antenna serial no)
WPA2 Personal Mixed with TKIP/AES encryption.
Passphrase: J0t@0n120
Communication between BDE and ADE, WLAN over Rx Cable, 2.4GHz.
Physically identical units in BDE and ADE
Configured in Repeater Mode
MAC address of other unit must be programmed .
LED Activity:
1 2 3 4

Normal activity during operation:


1: Indicates ready for wired lan use and blinks during traffic via wired port.
2: Indicates ready for wireless use and blinks during traffic via Wireless port.
3 : PoE (not in use)
4: Indicates power to the CMU, will more or less light constantly
Power on/ Initialization LED Activity:
1.
2.
3.
4.

Power LED lights up for approx 5 sec.


All LEDs light up ( approx. 3 sec)
Wireless LED will start blinking
When communication is established with other CMU wired LED will blink indicating
traffic.

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4.12.1 Fault finding


Symptoms
Defect CMU will cause BDE to ADE communication to fail, e.g. status in JRAS no contact with pedestal
Quick check is to ping network units:
ACC: default 192.168.0.2
BCMU Single Antenna: 192.168.0.5
ACMU Single Antenna: 192.168.0.14
ASU (Blackfin) : 192.168.0.15

4.12.1.1 Fault finding from BDE


Connect PC to BDE Ethernet port in front on BDE or local/switch Ethernet port at the rear of the BDE.
- Check if one can access the BCMU and /or ACMU.
- If both CMUs are accessible it indicates that the CMUs are OK and that the problem lay
elsewhere.
If only BCMU is accessible it indicates that the issue may be:
- Faulty ACMU HW or configuration
- Faulty ACMU-BCMU configuration
- Fail in Rx Chain between ACMU and BCMU
- If no response when accessing ACMU nor BCMU, it may be due to:
faulty BCMU HW or configuration
- Faulty BDE Ethernet switch or Ethernet cables inside BDE
- Try IP-connection to the Access controller:
- If access fails the problem may be:
Switch
- Access Controller
- Internal Ethernet cabling in the BDE.
- IF OK it indicates a faulty BCMU and/or BCMU configuration.

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4.12.1.2 Fault finding from ADE


Enter the radome, connect to WLAN and verify access to the ACMU
- Is it possible to access ACMU & BCMU
- If only ACMU it indicates:
- Faulty BCMU HW or configuration
- Faulty ACMU-BCMU configuration
- Fail Rx Chain between ACMU and BCMU
- Observe ACMU LEDs, normal lighting ?
- Verify Ethernet cabling between ACMU and ASU is connected, and that the ASU is not
restarting the ACMU.

4.12.2 Cable Modem Exchange Procedure


Work Flow
1. Physical replace CMU
2. Configure ACMU and BCMU
NOTE!
ACMU
ASU supply voltage to the ACMU. ASU requires at start-up to detect physical Ethernet connection on its
RJ45 connector. If no physical connection is detected during initialization ASU will continuously powercycle the ACMU. It is important during ADE Power-on/ Start-up that ASU Ethernet outlet is connected the
ACMU or a Switch that powers the Ethernet. Otherwise the power to the ACMU will continuously be
cycled making configuration of ACMU impossible.

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4.12.2.1 Procedure to remove ACMU


Tools needed
Allen Key 3mm (ACMU Enclosure)
Screw driver small straight ( D-SUB)
11m Wrench ( F-connector)
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.

Make note of new ACMU Mac address


Disconnect Ethernet Cable
Remove disconnect RF cable
Using Allen key remove ACMU enclosure from bracket
Disconnect D-Sub
Follow the above steps in reverse order to mount replacement ACMU
(NOTE! when tightening the F connector for the ACMU do not tighten to hard, tighten until snug
(30lbs / 3.4nm of torque.). Do not over tighten this F connector.)
7. Configure the ACMU and BCMU

1 2

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4.12.2.2 Procedure to remove BCMU

Switch

Net
filter

BCMU located below Switch and net filter


1. Make Note of new BCMU MAC address.
2. Remove lid of BDE
3. Turn the BDE upside down and loosen 6 screws fastening the Switch bracket and ACMU
Fastening
screw for
BCMU
Fastening
screw for
Switch
bracket

4. Turn the BDE around with bottom down


5. Loosen 2 screws on the side holding the switch bracket.
Fastening
screw for
Switch
bracket

6. Disconnect cables from Switch and remove the switch incl. The bracket and net filter
7. Disconnect cables from BCMU.
8. Follow the above steps in reverse order to mount replacement BCMU
(NOTE! when tightening the F connector for the ACMU do not tighten to hard, tighten until snug
(30lbs / 3.4nm of torque.). Do not over tighten this F connector.)
9. Configure the ACMU and BCMU

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4.12.2.3 Configuration
After replacement of a CMU both the ACMU and BCMU need to be configured to work in repeat mode.
Below is step by step procedure to configure the CMUs in repeat mode.
Type 1: (3 LEDs)

1. Bring note of MAC address of new CMU.


2. Start configuring at location where original CMU is located ( not the exchanged unit)
a. If in ADE Use either:
a. Preferably connect via WLAN leaving the cabling as it is.
b. Ethernet cable between ACMU and Service PC
3. Start PC, configure PC to fixed IP address: 192.168.0.(100-254)
4. Start WEB browser and connect to IP address of original CMU.
5. You will be prompted for username and password:
Username = <blank>
Password = admin
6. Make note of ( Tip.: is to intermittently use copy paste function into a text editor to ensure correct
typing):
a. Original CMU: Channel ID
b. Original CMU: SSID
c. Original Passphrase
d. Original CMU: MAC Address
7. Configure original CMU:
a. In menu Setup -> AP Mode replace existing MAC address with MAC Address of
replacement CMU.
b. Press Save settings to save changes.
8. Enter location of new CMU
9. Connect PC to Ethernet or WLAN( if in ADE)
10. Configure PC with IP in range 192.168.0.(100-254)
11. Start WEB browser
12. Spare Cable modem unit will either have IP 192.168.0.5 or 192.168.0.14
13. Type IP address of CMU in the address field of WEB browser.
14. You will be prompted for username and password:
Username = <blank>
Password = admin
15. Configure cable modem unit with correct IP addr.( Menu: Setup -> Network Setup):
a. BDE 192.168.0.5 for single antenna and antenna 1 in dual configuration.
b. BDE 192.168.0.6 for antenna 2 in dual antenna configuration
c. ADE 192.168.0.14 for single antenna and antenna 1 in dual configuration.
d. ADE 192.168.0.13 for antenna 2 in dual antenna configuration
16. Enter original CMU MAC address in Menu Setup -> AP Mode for Wireless Repeater
17. As noted for original CMU, in menu Wireless Basic Wireless Settings, Enter correct:
a. Channel ID
b. SSID
18. Enter Passphrase as noted for original CMU, menu wireless Wireless Security

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Own MAC
Address

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MAC
Address of
other CMU

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Mode:
SSID:
Channel:
SSID broadcast:

Security Mod:
Encryption:
PassPhrase =
Key Renewal:

Mixed
Jotron120#xxxx
Default channel 11
Enabled

WPA-Personal
TKIP
J0t@0n120
300

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(xxxx = Antenna serial no)


(Note! ACMU and BCMU must be on same channel)

(Note! only zeros, No o)

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Type 2: (4 LEDs)

1. Bring note of MAC address of new CMU.


2. Start configuring at location where original CMU is located ( not the exchanged unit)
a. If in ADE Use either:
a. Preferably connect via WLAN leaving the cabling as it is.
b. Ethernet cable between ACMU and Service PC
3. Start PC, configure PC to fixed IP address: 192.168.0.(100-254)
4. Start WEB browser and connect to IP address of original CMU.
5. You will be promted for username and password:
Username = admin
Password = admin
6. Make note of ( Tip.: is to intermittently use copy paste function into a text editor to ensure correct
typing):
a. Original CMU: Channel ID
b. Original CMU: SSID
c. Original Passphrase
d. Original CMU: MAC Address
7. Configure original CMU:
a. In menu Setup -> AP Mode replace existing MAC address with MAC Address of
replacement CMU.
b. Press Save settings to save changes.
c. If in ADE and a switch was used during configuration, disconnect switch and ensure that
Ethernet cable between ACMU and ASU is re-connected
8. Enter location of new CMU
9. Connect PC to Ethernet or WLAN( if in ADE)
10. Configure PC with IP in range 192.168.0.(100-254)
11. Start WEB browser
12. Spare Cable modem unit will either have IP 192.168.0.5 or 192.168.0.14
13. Type IP address of CMU in the address field of WEB browser.
14. You will be promted for username and password:
Username = admin
Password = admin
15. Configure cable modem unit with correct IP addr.( Menu: Setup -> Network Setup):
a. BDE 192.168.0.5 for single antenna and antenna 1 in dual configuration.
b. BDE 192.168.0.6 for antenna 2 in dual antenna configuration
c. ADE 192.168.0.14 for single antenna and antenna 1 in dual configuration.
d. ADE 192.168.0.13 for antenna 2 in dual antenna configuration
16. Enter original CMU MAC address in Menu Setup -> AP Mode for Wireless Repeater
17. As noted for original CMU, in menu Wireless Basic Wireless Settings, Enter correct:
a. Channel ID
b. SSID
18. Enter Passphrase as noted for original CMU, menu wireless Wireless Security

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Own MAC
Address

MAC
Address of
other CMU

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SSID:
Jotron120#xxxx
(xxxx = Antenna serial no)
Channel:
Default channel 6 or 11 (Note! ACMU and BCMU must be on same channel)
SSID Broadcast: Enabled

SSID, Select SSID Name defined above.


Wireless Isolation (between SSID) :
Enabled
Security Mode:
WPA2-Personal Mixed
Wireless Isolation (Within SSID) :
Disabled
PassPhrase:
J0t@0n120
(Note! only zeros, No o)
Key Renewal Time:
3600

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4.13 Mechanicle check in ADE

Verify unlimited AZ movement and that the antenna runs freely in AZ


On XEL and EL axis there is a protection break but you can check that the antenna moves
freely to physical end-stops in these axes.
Verify that Sensor Unit runs freely between end stops
Verify that Transceiver runs freely between end stops
Check that all cables are connected properly.
Check tension on motor and gearing belts
Visually inspect that bolts and nuts are secure
Visually inspect for any corrosion or other type of material damage.
Inspect ventilation holes in the radome bottom, should not be blocked.

5. CABLING

5.1 ADE BDE RF cables


The Jotron 120B RF cables between ADE and BDE require a maximum of 15dB loss at 2.2GHz. If the
VSAT Modem is not preinstalled and co-located with the BDE, the cable loss between the BDE and the
VSAT modem shall be maximum 2 dB at 2150MHz.
Ethernet cables (Modem and ships LAN), select a mounting location within 25 ft (7.5 m) of the VSAT
modem and ships LAN(maximum length = 200 ft (60 m)).

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5.2 NMEA
The supplied PC opto-isolator cable connects the BDE to the NMEA of the ships compass. The supplied
cable contains a opto isolator to create a galvanic separation between the ships equipment and the BDE, the
opto-isolator cable will from revision 2.3 of Jotron B120 BDE (P/N 60149) be integrated inside BDE.
It is also possible to extract GPS information from BDE to modem. (optional)
NMEA Port: 4800,8,N,1
Sentences supported:
GPHDG: Heading Deviation and variation
GPHDT: Heading true
HCHDG: Strictly magnetic heading, deviation and variation
HEHDT:
INHDT:
Position
GPGGA:
GPRMC: Recommended minimum specific GPS/TRANSIT data

Figure 2

Standard Wiring Diagram:


Note: Local connection variations may occur, please read wiring diagram supplied with opto isolator.(end of document)

Connect Dsub to BDE NMEA port

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6. START UP SEQUENCE

Figure 3

Pedestal

Solid Yellow: system is waiting contact with the ADE


Yellow flashing: initializing/calibration proceeding

Links

Tracking

Solid Green: antenna is operative, initialization completed with


success
Solid Yellow: contact with Roaming controller only.

Flashing Yellow controlled by traffic: traffic is running between


ADE and BDE but no contact with Roaming Controller.
Flashing Green controlled by the traffic: Ethernet over coax is
running between BDE and ADE and contact with Roaming
Controller, Compass and GPS.
Solid Yellow: antenna is repointing (direct find).

Flashing Yellow: Antenna is performing a wide area search


Flashing Green: antenna has completed search and is tracking a
found satellite confirmed by satellite signature

Transmit

Blockage

Solid Green: Rx-Lock confirmation from the Roaming


Controller/VSAT Modem.
Solid Yellow: Rx Lock on VSAT Modem is ok but transmission
is disabled either manually (Tx inhibit button pushed), blockage
(no transmit or radiation hazard zone) or because of too high
pointing or polarization error or by external Roaming
Controller/VSAT modem control.
Solid Green: transmission is enabled based on sufficient tracking
and polarization accuracy, VSAT modem has RX-Lock and
Transceiver Transmitter is enabled.
Off No lock on modem RX inhibits transmission
Yellow: pointing in radiation hazard zones and transmitter is
disabled.
Solid Red: Jotron B120 is not operative and need immediate
attention.
Actions:
Push Reset ADE button for 1 second for restarting the ADE. Wait
5 minutes. If not successful Push Reset BDE button for 1 second,
then push Reset ADE button. Wait 5 minutes. If not successful
switch on/off Power. Wait 5 minutes. If not successful call your
Service Provider.

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1.

Observe that antenna initiates correctly.

2. Normal sequence should be after power on in the ADE:


BDE indicator: Init/Operation is flashing yellow
BDE indicator: Link/Antenna cal is shortly flashing green
BDE indicator: Link/Antenna cal is flashing yellow/green
This could take up to 3-4 minutes if the Jotron B120 has been switched off for more than
[1] hrs.
ADE Initialization (Approx. 1 minute)
- Sensor box moves CW/Up towards end stop, when it reaches mechanical end-stop it
will continue to move towards end stop for some additional time making a
hammering noise, duration of this will depend on initial position of sensor enclosure
when system is powered on.
- Sensor Unit will move out of CW end stop and position itself at approx 0 degree
Elevation angle.
- Transceiver moves CW towards mechanical end stop, when it reaches end-stop it will
continue for 1 sec hitting the end stopp, this will make a mechanical hammering
noise.
- Antenna dish move down in elevation to mechanical end-stop, Note that motor will
make some extra noise when it reaches end stop.
- XEL axis will move CCW to end stop, Note that motor will make some extra noise
when it reaches end stop.
- XEL moves to horizontal position
- EL Moves to approx 0 degree
- Sensor unit should now be in level both in EL and XEL direction
- AZ moves CCW/CW( switches between CW and CCW every re-start) to detect
reference. It will move approx 10 degree before it makes a temporary stop of 1 sec
before continuing (This to detect AZ motor index readings). When Hall sensor detects
the magnet the antenna will stop and rotate CW/CCW +360 degrees until the hall
sensor detects the magnet.
- Antenna initialization is finished and if BDE receives GPS and NMEA Gyro input it
will point the antenna to the selected satellite.
You will then observe the following on the BDE:
Link/Antenna cal is flashing green
Search/Tracking is flashing yellow
This could last from 5 to 60 seconds assuming Blockage zone is not flashing yellow, no
geographical obstructions (mountains, bridges etc.) or the signal level is sufficient (no rain
fade or not at edge of coverage).
Search/Tracking is flashing green
Sat Lock/Tx-enabled is flashing yellow
This could last from 10 seconds to 15minutes depending on e.g. the SNR seen by the
VSAT Modem and the sea state.
Sat Lock/Tx-enabled is green
This will normally last very short assuming the modem is correctly configured and
registered.
Sat Lock/Tx-enabled is flashing green: VSAT is transmitting.
Blockage zone is not lit.
Alarm is not lit.

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7. ADVANCED NETWORK CONFIGURATION


7.1 The Webmin tool /Interfaces
The webmin tool is used to customize network configuration on both network interfaces.
Eth 0 is our internal management LAN, default this is static IP address range 192.168.0.x
Eth 1 is the external network used for connections to vessel/modem, default this is set to DHCP client.

7.2 Access to webmin


To enter webmin go to system status and push access host configuration
on the bottom of the page.

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Login credentials:
User: saturn120
Password: uk1011

Mainview will default be network configuration.

7.3 Customizing External interface Eth 1


To change eth 1 from DHCP to static
Enter network interfaces
and push eth 1

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Next choose static configuration and enter IP address and netmask,


Then save.

Go back to the main network configuration view and press apply config

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7.4 Setting Gateway


To set gateway use the routing and gateways icon in the network configuration main view.
(Note that with default settings eth1 is DHCP client and gateway is received with ip address.)

Select gateway and enter the ip address and which interface (eth1 is the external port)
Then click save.

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Go back to the main network configuration view and press apply config

If you then go back to the routing and gateways menu and press active configuration
You will see the default route has been added.

7.5 Adding VLAN


To Add a VLAN to either interface push Add VLAN Tagged Interface in the network config menu.

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1: Choose either DHCP or static address


2: If static fill in IP address and netmask
3: Choose which physical interface to add VLAN to
4: Enter VLAN ID
5: Save settings.
Go back to the main network configuration view and press apply config

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8. SNMP FAULTFINDING
8.1 Problem getting SNMP response, No SNMP SW on ACU
to see if you have the problem login to access controller and type
snmpwalk
if you see a list of options then all is OK else install it

First disable eth0, then start download of snmp


sudo ifconfig eth0 down
sudo apt-get install snmp
sudo ifconfig eth0 up

8.2 Check connectivity between modem and BDE


Try to ping between modem and BDE.
From BDE:
Start a telnet session to the ACC
Login with: cli telnet
Press Ctrl c after login, then try to ping modem
From modem:
modem type dependant, ex using STM modem.
Use for ex hyper terminal and connect via serial port.
Ping BDE to check connectivity.

8.3 Check settings


Check that SNMP is enabled and configured correctly on the modem
Verify all IP/Vlan settings on BDE,router,modem.

9. DATABASE RECOVERY
9.1 Corrupt Database
If for some reason the database is corrupted, i.e. log files are unavailable or other error messages occur
involving SQL/DB, a new clean database can be loaded.
NOTE! Installing this database will erase all settings, offsets and configuration.
One must be present on the vessel and perform all procedures done at installation.
(Set bow, locate satellite, lineup++)

9.1.1 Procedure installing new database


The new database file is available on the Jotron FTP server. (Contact 24x7@jotron.com for access)
For newer systems (shipped from Jotron after 20.06.2012) it will be included on the USB stick that comes
with the BDE.

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To install the file, go to the System -> file manager menu

If not already logged in, you will be prompted to log in with INSTALLER, Password: 14288.
Next upload the file from your computer, either from the USB stick or if you have already
downloaded it over FTP/ e-mail. NOTE! Load recovery DB file that is related to System SW
installed on Jotron B120

Return to the file manager and you will find the file under
Load configuration from a file below

Push load to install the database.


After reboot all configuration must be done as if a new install, ref. Jotron B120 Installation Guide.

10. FINAL TEST BEFORE LEAVING VESSEL AFTER SERVICE


10.1 Power off on test
1. Turn off power of the ADE and BDE. Wait 1 minute. Turn power on for the ADE and BDE.
Sequence of power off and on does not matter.
2. Observe that antenna physically initiates correctly, See chapter antenna power on sequence(
Observe that antenna initiates correctly)
3. Observe that it after initialisation re-acquires the main satellite and track within 0,5 degree in AZ
and elevation of theoretical/Nominal position of satellite.

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J10

J11

0-3.3A per phase

J12

24V, 10A

X3

GND

L2

100-240 VAC

ADE Circuit
Breaker
Box (ACB)

L1

Power Module (PM) 250W

Power Supply Unit (PSU)

X2

Board)
Sensor Interface
BLDC/Step motor drivers
Microcontroller/DSP, GPS Module
Current/Voltage sensing

ASB (Antenna Stabilization

J15

SMB

J2

(Tracking Receiver Board)

J14

12 V, 1.5A

AC
Outlet

2.4 GHz

Options

24V ,4A

-6.5 dB

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+20 dB

-0.5 dB

F N

-1.5 dB

-1.0 dB

SMA

SMA

-2.0/-2.8 dB

10 dB
Coupler

-1.5 dB (10 MHz)

-2.5 dB

--3 dB to 15 dB

To BDE

-10.5 dB

LPF5-2150 MHz + DC

Splitter

-6.5 dB

Rotary Joint
Assembly (RJ)

Test

ADE Cable Modem Unit (ACMU)

Wireless
Web
camera

12 V, 1.5A

CMB
Ethernet over coax
192.168.0.14

Transceiver (TR)

ADE Coupler Unit (ADCU)

Dish
Feed Ass.
(FA)

Antenna &RF Assembly


(ARF)
RJK

950-2150 MHz, 13-24V/0.25A , 22kHz,10MHz

LAN RJ45

X3

F F

23

3 x rate, 1x tilt,
3 x acc, 1 x temp

SENS (Sensor Board)

Sensors Unit (SU)

AC Slip Rings Assembly


(SL)

X5

L-band tuner
FPGA signal processing
DiSEqC generator & sensor
10 MHz LNB reference

TRB

192.168.0.15

J7 Home
Sensor

0-0.35 A per phase

Step Step
SU_D POL_D
M Pot
M

Bow Magnet

DC DC DC
XEL_D EL_D AZ_D
M
M
M Enc

Antenna Stabilization Unit (ASU)

J5SMA

GPS

El & Cradle assembly


XEl & Yoke Assembly
Az & Column Assembly

ADE Mechanical Assembly (AMA)

Radome Assembly

(20100816)

950-2150 MHz

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Tx

-2.5 dB

-3 to -13 dB

F N

-0.50 dB

-1.0 dB

SMA

SMA

(SAT/CATV)
10 M Hz pas s
ov er amplif ier

Diplexer

PassiveSplitter,
(-6 dB)

-2.0 dB

Rx

-1.0 dB

950-1450/1700 MHz

950-2150 MHz

-1.5 dB

950-1450/1700 MHz

Saturn B120 ADE; System Block Diagram


Jotron B120 Service Guide

11. WIRING DIAGRAM

Jotron B120 Service Guide

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12. APPENDIX ABBREVIATIONS & COMPONENTS


2-Ch. RJ
AC
ACC
ACMU
ADC
ADE
ASU
AZ
BCMU
BDE
Bf
BLDC
CCW
CM
CW
DC
EL
FPIU
GPS
LO
MIU

NMEA
NMEA-0183

NMEA-2000
RF
RJ
Rx
Slip Ring
Splitter
Tapper
TDMA
Tx
uC
XEL

2 channels of RF connection in one RJ


Alternating Current
Access Controller located in BDE Industrial PC.
ADE Cable Modem
Analogue to Digital converter
Above Deck Equipment, all equipment located in radome, including the radome.
Antenna Stabilisation Unit, located in ADE
Azimuth
BDE Cable Modem
Below Deck Equipment, 19 rack mounted indoor control unit.
Blackfin microprocessor located inside ASU.
Brushless DC Motor, motors in ADE used to drive XEL, EL and AZ axis
Counter Clock Wise
Cabel Modem
Clock Wise
Direct Current
Elevation
Front Panel Interface Unit located in BDE consist of two PCBs, one with 3 push buttons
for resetting ADE & BDE and Inhibit TX, The other is the interface board.
Global Positioning System.
Local oscillator
Modem Interface Unit, optional unit in BDE used to convert L-band frequency to modem
output port. Used in installations where VSAT modems receive band do not handle full Lband 950-2150MHz.
National Marine Electronics Association
Is a combined electrical and data specification for communication between marine
electronic devices, slowly being phased out in favour of NMEA-2000 (Supported by Jotron
B120)
is a combined electrical and data specification for communication between marine
electronic devices. (Not Supported by Jotron B120)
Radio frequency
Rotary Joint makes RF connection through a rotating assembly, Located in the centre of
AZ underneath ASU.
Receive
Unit that make an electrical connection through a rotating assembly in AZ Base.
RF signal splitter Signal is split and output signal level is identical on all output ports.
RF coupler unit Signal level on tap output port is reduced more than the main output port
Time Division Multiple Access
Transmit
Microcontroller, handling stabilisation located inside ASU.
Cross Elevation

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