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Original Title: Probset - Strain

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1. The piece of rubber is originally rectangular. Determine the average shear strain at A and the average

normal strain along the diagonal DB and side AD. (Source: Hibbeler, 2011).

2. The support consists of three rigid plates, which are connected together using two symetrically placed

rubber pads. If a vertical force of 5 N is applied to plate A, dtermine the approximate vertical

displacement of this plate due to shear strains in the rubber. Each pad has cross-sectional dimensions of

30 mm and 20 mm. Gr = 0.20 MPa. (Source: Hibbeler, 2008).

3. If the applied force P causes the rigid arm ABC to rotate clockwise about pin A through an angle of 0.02,

determine the normal strain developed in wires BD and CE (Source: Hibbeler, 2011).

4. A rectangular steel block is 3 in long along x, 2 in long along y and 4 in long along z. The block is

subjected to a triaxial loading of three uniformly distributed forces as follows: 48 kips in tension in the x

direction, 60 kips compression in the y direction, and 54 kips tension in the z direction. If = 0.30 and E =

29 x 106 psi, determine the single uniformly distributed load in the x direction that would produce the

same deformation in the y direction as the original loading. (Source: Pytel and Singer)

5. The 8-mm diameter bolt is made of an aluminum alloy. It fits through a magnesium sleeve that has an

inner diameter of 12 mm and an outer diameter of 20 mm. If the original lengths of the bolt and the

sleeve are 80 mm and 50 mm, respectivey, determine the strains in the sleeve and the bolt if the nut on

the bolt is tightened so that the tension in the bolt is 8 kN. Assume the material at A is rigid. Eal = 70 GPa,

Emg = 45 GPa (Source: Hibbeler, 2011).

6. The load is supported by the four 304 stainless steel wires (E=200 GPa) that are connected to the rigid

members AB and DC. Determine the vertical displacement of the 500-lb load if the members were

originally horizontal when the load was applied. Each wire has a cross-sectional area of 0.025 in2.

7. The rigid link is supported by a pin at A and two A-36 steel (E = 200 GPa) wires, each having an

unstretched length of 12 in. and cross-sectional area of 0.0125 in2. Determine the force developed in the

wires when the link supports the vertical load of 350 lb (Source: Hibbeler, 2011).

8. The rigid block of mass M is supported by the three symmetrically placed rods. The ends of the rods

were level before the block was attached. Determine the largest allowable value of M if the properties

of the rods are as listed (w is the working stress) (Source: Hibbeler, 2011).

9. The rigid, homogeneous slab weighing 600 kN is supported by three rods of identical material and cross

section. Before the slab was attached, the lower ends of the rods were at the same level. Compute the

axial force in each rod. (Source: Pytel and Kiusalaas, 2003)

10. The rigid bar BCD of negligible weight is supported by two steel cables of identical cross section.

Determine the force in each cable caused by the applied weight W. (Source: Pytel and Kiusalaas, 2003)

11. The bars AB, AC, and AD are pinned together as shown in the figure. Horizontal movement of the pin at

A is prevented by the rigid horizontal strut AE. Calculate the axial force in the strut caused by the 10-kip

load. For each steel bar, A = 0.3 in2 and E = 29 x 106 psi. For the aluminum bar, A = 0.6 in2 and E = 10 x

106 psi. (Source: Pytel and Kiusalaas, 2003)

shown under no load. When the loads D (= 16 kips)

and E (unknown) are applied, the rigid bar C

becomes horizontal. Bar A is made of an aluminum

alloy (E = 10,600 ksi) and bar B is made of red brass

(E 15,000 ksi). The cross-sectional areas are 0.75 sq.

in. for A and 2.25 sq. in. for B. Determine the weight

E and the maximum axial stress in the system. E =

11.030 kips, A = 18.75 ksi, B= 5.76 ksi

A-36 steel (E = 29 x 103 ksi, = 0.32) wires, each having

an unstretched length of 12 in. and cross-sectional areas

of 0.0125 in2. Determine (a) the vertical load P that

causes a normal strain of 6.5 x 10-4 in./in. in wire AB,

and (b) the new diameter of wire CD when P is applied.

P = 400.56 lb, dnew = 0.126142 inch

used to support the

block having a

center of gravity at point G. If the block and

the floor can be assumed rigid, determine the

force developed in each specimen and the

position x so that the block does not tilt. The

original length of each specimen, its

diameter, and E are given in the figure.

Assume the plastics do not yield.

x = 1.16m, P1 = 157.8 kN, P2= 227.6kN, P3 = 105.1

kN

15. The assembly consists of a steel bar A (Ast= 500 mm2, Est= 200 GPa, and AL=

12 x 10-6), a rigid block C, and a bronze bar B (ABR= 2000mm2, EBR= 100GPa, and BR=

18 x 10-6) securely fastened together to rigid supports at the ends as shown. Initially,

there is no stress in the members. The temperature drops 25C, and the load P of

200kN is applied. Determine the maximum normal stresses in A and B for this

condition. A = 117.76 MPa, tensile C = 70.56 MPa, compressive

due to a temperature increase of 75C. Assume

member AE has an insignificant coefficient of

thermal expansion. The coefficients of thermal

expansion are 11.9 m/mC for the steel and

22.5 m/mC for the aluminum alloy.

A = 2.117 mm

17. The assembly consists of aluminum bar A (AAL=

150mm2, EAL= 70GPa, and AL= 22.5 x 10-6) and a bronze

bar B (ABR= 450mm2, EBR= 100GPa, and BR= 19 x 10-6)

securely fastened to rigid supports at the ends as shown.

Initially, there is a gap of 1mm between the aluminum and

brass bar before the load of 30kN is applied at the rigid bar

C. Thereafter, the temperature on both materials

increases by 25C. Determine the maximum normal

stresses in A and B. Also, determine the displacement of

plate C after the load is applied and the temperature

changes.

A = 75.244 MPa, C = 41.585 MPa, C = 9.8227 x10-4m

two aluminum cylinders having the unloaded lengths

shown. If each cylinder has a diameter of 30 mm,

determine the placement x of the applied 80-kN load so

that the beam remains horizontal. What is the new

diameter of cylinder A after the load is applied? al = 0.35.

19. As shown in the figure, there is a gap between the aluminum bar and the

rigid slab that is supported by two copper bars. At

.

Neglecting the mass of the slab, calculate the stress in each rod when the

temperature in the assembly is increased to

. For each copper bar,

. For the aluminum

bar,

20. A copper rod attached to a rigid bearing plate is inserted into a hollow

aluminum cylinder as shown in the figure. If the temperature increases

by

and a uniformly distributed load of

is applied on the

plate, determine the stresses that develop in each material.

200 GPa, = 11.7 x 10-6/oC) have the dimensions shown at a

temperature of 20oC. The steel link is heated until the aluminum rod

can be fitted freely into it. The temperature of the whole assembly is

then raised to 150oC. Determine (a) the final stress in the rod, (b) in

the link (Source: Beer , et al., 2006)

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