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Acknowledgements

The Researcher would like to thank each and every individual who assisted with the
completion of this project. First and foremost, thank God for giving the Researcher the faith and
patience to complete this Social Studies SBA. The Researcher would also like to thank the Social
Studies teacher Mrs. Ellington Spence. Lastly, the Researcher would like to thank theirfamily
members and friends for all the assistance rendered.

Task 1: Statement of Problem


How does violence affect the community of Ridge?

Research Questions

1. What are the causes of violence in the community?


2. How does violence affect the community?
3. What can be done to help resolve violence in the community?

Task 2: Reason for Selecting Area of Research


The Researcher, decided to choose the community of Bull Savannah because the
Researcher experienced violence in that community.The Researcher is not from that community
and the Researcher wanted to know from the residents, what factors cause violence in the
community, why people in that community engaged in violence, and how violence in that
community can be solved.

Task 3: Method of Investigation


The Researcher chose to use a printed questionnaire to gather information on violence in
the community of Bull Savannah. A questionnaire is a written set of questions asked to provide
information for a survey, advantages of this method are.
1. It is easy to design
2. It is confidential
3. It is cheaper

Task 4: Data Collection Instrument

Questionnaire
Instruction: Please place a tick inside the box that matches your answer.

What is your gender?


Female
Male

How old are you?


12-20
21-29
30-38
39 and over

What is your employment status?


Employment
Self employment
Unemployment
Unemployable

How long have you been residing the community?


0-5
6-11
12-17
18 and over

How would you rate the level of violence in the community?


Very high
High
Moderate
Low
Very low
6. What is the main cause of violence in the community?
Illiteracy
Political tribalism
Problem in the family

In effective justice
7. What form does violent behavior take in the community?
Predial Larceny
Vandalism
Assault
Extortion
8

Which gender is mostly involved in violent behavior in the community?


Male
Female

Which age group is mostly involved in violent behavior in the community?


12-22 years
23-33 years
34-44 years
45 years and over

10 Are residents concerned about the level of violence in the community


Yes
No
11 How does the level of violence affect individuals?
Restricts the movement of residents
Loss of jobs
Increase stress
Increase fear and anxiety
Other _________________________________
12 How does the level of violence affect the community
Loss of investment opportunity
Increase
Promote information of gangs
Increase brain drain
Increase pressure on health facilities
Increase pressure on police services
13. Who do residents think is responsible for the level of violence in the community?
Media
The family
External forces
14.Is the police doing anything to reduce the violence in the community?
Yes
No
15. What can individuals do to reduce the violence in the community?

Report criminal activities


Keep a lookout for criminals
Secure homes and other property
Be vigilant when transverse
Develop a good relationship with police
16.What can the community do to reduce violence?
Form a community watch
Keep frequent meetings about violence reduction
Check out strangers thoroughly
Involving all community members in group activity
Increase employment opportunities
Increase education

Task 5: Procedures for Data Collection


There are approximately 200households in the community of Ridge Hill. To get a true
reflection of the residents views on the violence in the community the Researcher decided that
twenty percent (20%) of the number of households were needed (20/100 X 200=40). A total of
(40) questionnaires were prepared and distributed.

The questionnaires were properly folded and placed in a box and were randomly selected
by members in the community
The questionnaires were given to 10 males and 30 females. The respondents were of age
13-45 years.

Task 6: Presentation of Data


Level of Violence

Figure 1: What is the level of violence in the community?

Level of Violence
Very high
High
Moderate
Low
Very low
Total

Number of Respondents
Female
Male
8
2
12
2
6
3
4
1
0
2
30
10

Causes of Violence

Figure 2: What is the main cause of violence in the community?

Illiterarcy
25%

30%

Political Tribalism
Problem in the Family
Ineffective Justice
System

25%

20%

Forms of Violent Behaviour

Figure 3: What form does violent behaviour take in the community?


Extortion

Assault
Female
Main Types of Violent Behaviour

Vandalism

Predial Larceny
0 10 20
Number of Respondents

Male

Effects of Violence

Figure 4: How doe s the effe cts of violence affect the community?

Loss of investment opportunity

Increase fear

13%
13%
Promote formation of gangs
30%

10%

Increase pressure on health facilities

13%

Increase brain
20%drain

Increase pressure on police services

Solutions to Violence

Figure 5: What can the community do to reduce violence?


9
8
7
6
5
Number of Respondents

Female
Male

4
3
2
1
0
Form a community watch
Solutions to Violence

Analysis and Interpretation of Data

Figure 1 showed a table of the level of violence in the community and number of
respondents.Three (3) females and two (2) males chose the option of it being very high, seven (7)
females and two (2) males chose high, two (2) females and three (3) males for moderate, while,
ten (10) females and one (1) male chose low, while six (6) females chose and two (2) males
chose the option of the level being very low. Level of violence was the highest for female which
was ten and it was the lowest for male which was one
Figure 2 showed a pie a chart of the main causes of violence in the community. Thirty
percent (30%) of the people chose the cause of illiteracy. Twenty percent (20%) of the
respondents chose political tribalism, while the ineffective justice systems and problem in the
family are both twenty-five percent (25%). Shows illiteracy was the highest cause of violence in
the community.
Figure 3 was a bar graph which showed the form of violence behavior that takes place in
the community. Sixteen (16) females and two (2) males chose extortion, four (4) females and two
(2) males selected assault, six (6) females and two (2) males chose vandalism, along with predial
larceny. Extortion was the highest for violent behavior in the community which was 16 for
females and 2 for males.
Figure 4 pie chart showing the effects of violence affecting the community. The option,
loss of investment opportunity resulted with (10%) ten percent from the respondents, increase
fear was fourth teen percent(14%) while to promote formation of gangs was twenty percent

(20%) , the increase brain drain was (30%) thirty percent, while increase pressure on health
facilities and increase pressure on police services were both (13%) thirteen.
Figure 5 showed a column of ways in which the community can reduce violence. Three (3)
females and two (2) males chose the option of forming a community watch. Frequent meetings
about violence was chosen by four (4) females and one (1) male, to check out strangers
thoroughly were chosen by six (6) females and one (1) male. two (2) females and one (1) male
chose investing all community members of group activities, increase employment were chosen
by nine (9) females and two (2) males. Increase educational and training facilities were chosen
by two (2) females and two (2) males, whilepromote business investment are four (4) females
and one (1) male. The highest effect that affect violence in the community was 30% which was
brain drain.

Statement of Findings
1. The main cause of violence in the community was illiteracy.
2. The main impact of violence in the community was increase brain drain.
3. Residents believed that the most effective way to reduce violence was involving all
community members of group activity.

Recommendations and Implementation Strategy


The Researcherrecommends the following to help reduce violence in the community of Ridge
Hill:
1. The creation of a neighbourhood watch program.
2. The establishment of cottage industries in the community.
3. Provide police in the community.

Implementation Strategy
Residents of the community could implement Community watch program . A person or group of
people committed to starting a neighborhood watch. This involves meetings to see whose
interested in joining .This is a vital meeting in that is where everyone learns what is involved and
expected of participants so now here is how you would start a neighborhood watch. First you
will have to contact your local police, at the first meeting get as much information as possible as
is harder to get the information later, nominate a captain and co-captain, hand out a form for the
residents to submit information for the community watch program. Now after all that has been
done its up to the residents to keep information up to date and work with their neighbors on
community or socials. There are many benefits to a neighborhood watch program. Start the
dialogue with your neighbors and see if you can start one in the community .It is a great way to
build your community cut down on Violence and rethink what a neighborhood is all about

BIBLIOGRAPHY