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1 . U n d e r l y i n g t h e o r i e s 1.1.

The definition of CLT
C o m m u n i c a t i v e L a n g u a g e Tea c h i n g i s a s e t o f p r i n c i p l e s a b o
ut teachingincluding recommendations about method and syll
abus
w h e r e t h e f o c u s i s o n meaningful communication not
structure, use not usage. In this approach, studentsare given tasks
to accomplish using language instead of studying the language.
The syllabus is based primarily on;
1.Functional
d e v e l o p m e n t , 2 . N o t s t r u c t ur a l d e v e l o p me n t . 3.In essence,
a functional syllabus replaces a structural
syllabus.4 . T h e r e i s a l s o l e s s e m p h a s i s o n e r r o r c o r r e
c t i o n a s f l u e n c y a n d communication become more important than
accuracy.5.Authentic and meaningful language input becomes more
important aswell.6.The class becomes more student-centered as
students accomplish their tasks with other students, while the teacher
plays more of an observer role.
1.2. The features and principles of CLT2 . 2 . 1 F e a t u r e s
1 ) F o c u s o n m e a n i n g . 2)Communicative
competence is the desired goal.3 ) L e a r n e r - c e n t e r e d . 4 ) F l u e n cy
i s t h e pr i m a r y g o a l . 5 ) S t u d e n t s a r e e x p e c t e d
t o i n t e r a c t w i t h o t h e r p e o p l e , e i t h e r i n o r a l practice,
through pair and group work, or in their writings.6)Dialogues, if used,
center around communicative
functions.7 ) I n t r i n s i c m o t i v a t i o n w i l l s p r i n g f r o m a n i n t e r
e s t i n w h a t i s b e i n g communicated by the language.8 ) T a s k based.
2.2.2. Principles
1 ) T h e c o m m u n i c a t i v e p r i n c i p l e : A c t i v
i t i e s t h a t i n v o l v e r e a l communication promote
learning.2 ) T h e t a s k p r i n c i p l e : A c t i v i t i e s i n w h i c h
l a n g u a g e i s u s e d t o c a r r y o u t meaningful tasks promote
learning.3 ) T h e m e a n i n g f u l n e s s p r i n c i p l e : L a n g u a g
e t h a t i s m e a n i n g f u l t o t h e learner supports the learning
process.

which allow the students t h e m s e l v e s t o t h i n k a b o u t a n d express their views. knowledge-centered from the medieval "scholastic" teaching methods inherited Onec o n s e q u e n c e o f t h e n e g l e c t o f s t u d e n t a b i l i t y . 1. There are. Communicative teaching is becoming increasingly clear feature is the c h a n g e i n t h e w a y a s t h e i n t e r n s h i p . which is a teacher-centered.s t u d e n t relationship is an interactive. the students became the main character. 3 .2 .The CLT approach is . thus trained in real life the ability to use language tocommunicate. s t u d e n t s d e v e l o p the subject. D i s a d v a n t a g e s o f C LT There some disadvantages of CLT. 2 ) To i n f o rm t h e b a s i c k n o w l e d g e a n d a b i l i t y t o s k i l l f u l l y c o m b i n e t h e development. Communicative teaching students to participate in. 3 .1. 1)The interaction between students and teachers. A d v a n t a g e s o f C L T There are some advantages of CLT. so that students more close to life. rather than the traditional education. to learn English as a pleasure. T e a c h e r . harmonious relationship. 1 . 3)Greatly improved the student's interest. C L T a p p r o a c h f o c u s e s o n f l u e n c y b u t n o t a c c u r a c y i n g r a m m a r a n d pronunciation. only emphasized the teachers on the knowledgeof the systematic and integrity.It is felt that there is not enough emphas is on the correction of pronunciation and grammar error. the kind of master-servant relationship. there are. T h e c o m m u n i c a t i v e t e a c h i n g e mp h a s i z e s t h e l e a r n e r ' s c o g n i t i v e a bility and operationalcapabilities.i n i t i a t i v e a n d b e c o me i n c r e a s i n g l y i m p o r t a n t . naturally they wereinterested in the English language.3. 1 . Traditional classroom teaching of English in the main b o d y o f t h e expense of home study. I t i s b e c a u s e t o o m u c h f o c u s o n meaning at the expense of form. 2 .3. s o m e t i m e s accompanied by scenes or simulated scenarios. Advantages and disadvantages of communicative language teaching 1 .

2 . Achieve skills integration6.worksheets SpeakingLesson Plans .The monitoring ability of the teacher must be very good5.great for intermediate student and advanced students. Develop student’s speaking micro skills4. L e s s o n p l a n ( w i t h t e a c h i n g ma t e r i a l ) Target Audience Senior High School Students Subject Speaking Objective (Aim) To foster students’ speaking skills and in the primary EFLclassroom by creatinga ‘real-life’ communicative setting Topic Lost in London: Asking and Giving Directions Teacher Citra Priski Abadi Class IX SMA Method Communicative Language Teaching (CLT) Durations / Meetings 45 Minutes / 2 Meetings Objectives Students will be able to.4. Develop student’s speaking skills2. You-tube videos. Raise students communicative skills5. Enhance students collaboration Materials a central London map. Encourage asking and giving directions in English3. a lap-top. but for Beginners some controlled practice is needed. 1.Grammar Teaching Practices make application of this approach difficult.