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HINTS & SOLUTIONS (YEAR-2007)

ANSWER KEY
Ques.
Ans.
Ques.
Ans.
Ques.
Ans.
Ques.
Ans.
Ques.
Ans.

10

11

12

13

14

15

B
16

C
17

D
18

C
19

B
20

D
21

D
22

B
23

A
24

B
25

D
26

C
27

D
28

D
29

B
30

B
31

C
32

B
33

C
34

C
35

B
36

C
37

C
38

A
39

C
40

A
41

C
42

B
43

A
44

C
45

B
46

A
47

C
48

C
49

D
50

B
51

A
52

B
53

B
54

D
55

A
56

C
57

C
58

A
59

D
60

A
61

A
62

A
63

D
64

B
65

A
66

D
67

A
68

B
69

D
70

D
71

D
72

D
73

B
74

B
75

PART-I (1 Mark)
MATHEMATICS
1.

n
[2.8 + (n 1) 4]
2
s1(n) = s2(n)
s1(n) =

s2(n) =

n
[2.17 + (n 1)2]
2

n
n
[2.8 + (n 1) 4] = [2.17 + (n 1)2]
2
2
2(n 1) = 18
n1=9
n = 10
s1(10) = 5[16 + 36] = 260 = s2(10)

2.

(sin(2x))4 = 1/8
Range x [0, 2]
Let 2x = y
given range
0 x 2
0 2x 4

0 y 4
(sin(2x))4 = 1/8
From above graph we can say,
Total Eight solution
3.

3.r 2 8.r 5
0
4.r 2 3.r 7

3r2 3r 5r + 5 > 0

3r(r 1) 5(r 1) > 0

(3r 5)(r 1) > 0


(3r 5)(r 1) > 0
r ( , 1) (5/3, )

and

4r2 3r + 7 > 0

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as

D<0

Page # 83

4.

a : (b + c) = b : (c + a)
add 1 both side
abc
abc
=
bc
ca

a+b+c=0

5.

xx

3/2

3x
x2

Case - I when base x = 1


Case - II when base x 1

3x
2

then x3/2 =

x x = 0
2

x0x=

9
4

Hence two solutions

n2

2
n 1
40

6.

Splitng n in odd number and in even number

(2x )2

+
2
x 1
20

(2y 1)2

y 0
19

2x + 2y
19

20

y 0

x 1

20

x 1

1
2y
2

19

2x 2 +

2y

x 1

2y

y 0

20

Now

2x 2

2 20(20 1)( 41)


and
6

19

(2y

y 0

2y ) = 2 19 (19 1)(39 ) + 2 19 20
6
2

20 21 41
(19 20 39 )
(19 20)
+ 2x
2x
+2
6
6

5740 + 4940 + 380 = 11060

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7.

f(x) = x3 + ax2 + bx + c
Since f(x) has three roots when c = 0

graph can be

Now, graph of

f(x) = x3 + ax2 + bx + c, when c > 0 can be

So option (D) is right


8.

Case - I
Here a = 1

Case II

3
a=1
2

Altitute

2
a=
9.

Let AB = a then BE = a tan


CE
= tan
CF
CF = a cot a
Now, In GHF

tan =

HF
1 tan
=
GH 2 cot

Solving we get
tan =

10.

2
3

2
sin =

13
R = 5, c = 6, b = 6
S=

=
R=

12 x
,=
2

s( s a )( s b )( s c )

12 x x x 12 x
. . .
2
2 2
2
abc
4

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36 x

4 (12 x )x 2 (12 x )
4
36
(12)2 x 2 =
5

36
(12) = x2
5
x = 48/5

11.

Let AP = x1, PQ = x2
Now,

ar( ADE)
1
=
ar( ABC)
2
2

12.

x1

( x1 x 2 )2

1
2

2x12 = x12 + x22 + 2x1x2


x12 x22 2x1x2 = 0

x1
2 44
x2 =
2

2 1
1

x1
x2 =

1
4

cos2 + cos2 = 3/2

and

sin sin =

1 cos 2
1 cos 2
+
= 3/2
2
2

and

2sin sin =

cos 2 + cos 2 = 1

and

cos ( ) cos ( + ) =

1
2
1
2

...(ii)

2 cos ( + ) cos ( ) = 1
...(i)
From (i) and (ii)
cos ( + ) cos ( ) = cos ( ) cos ( + )

13.

1
2

cos ( + ) =

+=

Area =

1
[x + 2x + 3x] =
2

3x =

x= 4 3

Area = 12 3

and

cos ( ) = 1

3x2
4

3x2
4

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14.

Let wealth A, B, C are x, y, z


Given : A = B + C
x=y+z
....(i)
A distribute half of his wealth to B & C
x
2
1
2 : 1 i.e.
&
2
3
3

x
Now, A =
2
2 x
B = y + 2
3
1 x

3 2

C=z+
Now, B = A + C
y+

x
x
x
=
+z+
3
6
2

yz=

x
3

3y 3z = x

...(ii)

Let t be fraction that A should distribute and the ratio of distribution is 1 : 2 i.e.

1
2
< .
3
3

Now, A = (1 t)x
B=y+

tx
3

C=z+

2tx
3

z+

2tx
tx
=y+
+ (1 t) x
3
3

z+

tx
= y + x tx
3

3z + tx = 3y + 3x 3tx
4tx = 3 (y z) + 3x
4tx = 3x + x
4tx = 4x
t = 1.
So, A would distribute his whole wealth to B and C.
Fraction is 1.
15.

Put 3 times water of 110 ml to container and take 13 times 25 ml water from container then container
has 5 ml water.

16.

Distance = speed time


Distance covered in car = 50 4 = 200 km
He move for 1 hr = 20 km
Time take while retraining from town to village time =

Dis tan ce
200
=
= 5 hr
Speed
40

Total journey = 200 + 200 + 20


Total time taken = 4 + 1 + 5 = 10
average speed =

420
= 42 km/hr
10

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17.

Given 4 4 4 cubes is mode faces 64


1 1 1 cubes
total cubes = 64, white = 20, Red = 44
To find minimum number of visible white box
Counting total visible faces of unit cube
Total number of faces of small cube on bigger cube
except boundry cubes = 4 6 = 24
Counting boundry cube = 16 + 8 + 8 = 32

Total visible faces = 56


But we have 44 Red cube

minimum of number of white faces


cubes which are visible = 56 44 = 12

18.

Multiple of 3 3, 6, 9, 12, 15, 18, 21, 24, 27, 30, 36 then n = 5, 8, 11, 14, 17, 20, 23......
Multiple of 5 5, 10, 15, 20, 25, 30, 35, 40, 45, 50, 55 then n = 8, 13, 18, 23, 28 ......
Now, common two digit numbers are 23, 38, 52, 67, 82, 97.

19.

if start with H1

2 ways

if start with H2 2 ways


if start with W 1

2 ways

if start with W 2

2 ways

m=8
in case of circle
H1

W2

H1

H2

H2

W2

W1
20.

W1

Total students = 300


One student read = 5 newspapers
Number of newspapers read by 300 students
= 5 300
= 1500 newspaper
Number of different newspapers =

1500
= 25.
60

PHYSICS

21.

Hence n = 2

mgT = ma
T = m(ga)

mg
4

= 6000 (102) = 4.8 10 N


22.

C
v

5
5
Between A and B
v2 = u2 = +2a(2s)
Between A and C
v2 = u2 + 2as
from (i) and (ii) v =

24.

238
206
92 U 82 Pb

B
.....(i)
.....(ii)

u2 v 2
2

824 He 601e

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CHEMISTRY
31.

1
Using the formula, N = N0
2

where, No = initial amount of radioactive substance


N = Amount of substance left after n half lives
No. of half lives (n) =

n=

Total time (t)


Half life period

21.2 years
5.3 years

n=4
4

1
20
so, N = 20 =
= 1.25g
16
2
32.

Zn(s) + H2SO4(aq) ZnSO4(aq) + H2(g)


Zinc

Sulphuric
acid

Zinc sulphate

Hydrogen gas

(salt)

Zn(s) + 2NaOH (aq) Na2ZnO2 (aq) + H2(g)


Zinc

Sodium
hydroxide

Sodium

Hydrogen gas

zincate

33.

Acetylene (CH CH) has a triple bond.

34.

Ne has 10 electrons and oxygen has 8 electrons.

35.

KMnO4 being strong oxidising agent will oxidise Cl ion present in HCl to form chlorine gas.
2KMnO4 + 16 HCl 2KCl + 2MnCl2 + 8H2O + 5Cl2

36.

Order of strength for halogen acids is HI > HBr > HCl > HF

38.

Concentrated sulphuric acid is a dehydrating agent and it burns the organic compounds like sucrose so
the colour of the solution turns black.
Conc .H2SO 4
C12H22O11(s)

12C + 11H2O(g)

Sucrose

Carbon Water vapour


(Black)

Oxidation
39.

ZnO+C
Zn + CO
Reduction

40.

Monomer of Teflon is Tetrafluoroethene(CF2=CF2)

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PART-II (2 Mark)
MATHEMATICS
51.

x = x3 + y4
y = 2xy
Two cases

y = 2xy

1.

case -1

y=0&xR

2.

case - 2

x=

1
&yR
2

Now, equation x = x3 + y4
Taking case - I
x = x3
Solution
x = 0, 1, 1

pairs = (0, 0), (1, 0), ( 1, 0)


Taking case 2
3

1
1
= + y4
2
2
3
= y4
8

3
y =
8

52.

1/ 4

1 3 1 / 4

Solution set = 2 , 8 ,

f(x) degree (n)

1 3 1 / 4
,
2 8

f(1) = 2
f(3) =
f(x) = axn + bxn 1 + cxn 2 .......
If degree 0
f(x) = a = constant
f(1) = f(3) but it is not true
If degree 1
f(x) = ax + b
f(1) = a + b =

2
f(3) = 3a + b =
Two variables & two unknown
a & b can be found uniquly

one polynomial used only


For
n>1
Let n = 2
ax2 + bx + c
We have 3 variable & only 2 equations can be formed from given condition
Hence infinite such polynomial can be formed

53.

p(x) = Q(x) . (x2 3x + 2) + (2x 3)


p(1) = 1
p(2) = 1
at least one root between 1 & 2

1
1

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C
y

2y

54.

y
B

2x

In MCN, tan =

y
2y
and In ADN, tan (90 ) =
x
x
2y
x

cot =

x
tan = 2 y
2y2 = x2

x
2
y = 1

B ( 2 , 3)
S

x
x

O(0, 0)

55.

(6, 0)
A

a
2

tan =

3
2

3x
x
=
a
2 a

....(i)

and tan =

x
6ax

3
=

6 2

....(ii)

3a
x=

[from (i)]

2x
3

a=

and

6x

2 x = 18 3a 3x

9x

2 x = 18 3 .

x=2

Q'

[from (ii)]

2x
3

102

56.

R'

B
O

Since R can be any point between A & R & hence its corresponding point Q will lie on the arc AQ. Hence
PRA can not be uniquely determined.

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3x

57.

2x
C

5y

Given

AB
3
=
CD
2

1
BC
=
5
AD

Let AB = 3x CD = 2x , BC = y, AD = 5y
3x + y + 2x = 5y
5x = 4y
To find AC : BD = (3x + y) : (y + 2x)

3x y
3x 5x / 4
2x y = 2x 5 x / 4
3 5 / 4 12 5
17
=
=
2 5/4
85
13

58.

Let
and
and

r = radius of sphere
R = radius of cone
H = height of cone

4 3
1
r = R2H
3
3

4r3 = R2H
Now,

....(i)

k4r2 = R2 + R R 2 H2
k(4r2) = R2 + R R 2 H2
6

R R 2 16r
4kr = R
R4

1 R 2 16r

R6

r2

4k 2 = 1
R

4kx = 1 +

16k2x2 8kx + 1 = 1 + 16x3


x=0
16k2x 8k = 16x2
2x2 2k2x + k = 0
4k4 8k = 0
k = 0,
(2)1/3

Let

r2
R2

=x

1 16 x 3

since cone is unique therefore it has equal roots

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59.

60.

Let original four digit number is = m2


and new 4-digit number is = n2
then m2 n2 = 1111
(m + n)(m n) = 1 1111 or 11 101
Case - I
m + n = 1111
mn=1
m = 556
n = 555
But m2 = is a 4-digit number
Case - II
m + n = 101
m n = 11
m = 56 and n = 44
So, there is only one such 4-digit number.

m , n are integer
1/3 < m/n < 1 ...(i)
m
m
=
n
n

n0

m
= +ve integer
m 1

m=2
Using equation (i)
n = 3, 4, 5
=

2 2 2
m
= , ,
3 4 5
n

PHYSICS
61.

= 0t

1 2
t
2

= 60 5

1
8 25
2

= 300 100
= 200 radian

100

32rev./s
~

or n =

62.

Energy released = mLV


= volume of water density LV
= 100 (103)2 1103 22.5 105 J
= 22.5 1016 J
Number of bombs =

63.

Req =

22.5 1016
2250 ~
2000
1014

5r 5 1 5


6
6
6

V 10 volt

So, I =

V 10 6

12A
R
5

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64.

time taken in rotataing angle is t, then

45 10 3
15 10 5 s
8
3 10
t = 15 105 second

t=

65.

27

T=

360
15 10 5

N=

1
1
1000

= 250 rev/s
3
T 4 10
4

Focal length, f = 1m,


size of object, h1 = 1000m, size of image, h2 = 0.2 m
image is real, so

h2 v
4
h u v 2 10 u
1
1 1 1

f v u
1=

1
1

2 10 4 u u

u = 5000 m or u = 5 km

CHEMISTRY
66.

N1V1 = N2V2
36 V1 = 3 V2
V2
V1

= 12

67.

4Fe + 3O2 + nH2O 2Fe2O3.nH2O


Iron Oxygen Water
Hydrated Ferric oxide
(Rust)

68.

Solubility of KNO3 at 90 C = 200 g/100 ml


Solubility of KNO3 at 30 C = 40 g/100 ml
Decrease in solubility when KNO3 solution is cooled from 90C to 30C = 200 40 = 160 g/100ml

69.

Yeast
KMnO 4

2C H OH
CH3COOH
C6H12O6
2 5
2CO
2

70.

Zn + 2H2SO4(conc.) ZnSO4 + SO2(g) + 2H2O


(CH3COO)2 Pb + SO2 PbS
(Black Precipitate)
Cu + SO2 CuS
(Black

O2

mirror)

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