~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~MICHELLE ANNE TITULAR TAYOBA

Mandarin-English Dictionary Pronunciation English ah eye eye bah bah bah yu–eh bah bah buy buy jr buy buy hwaw goong dzuh buy wahn buy wahn wahn bahn bahn bahn bahn guh joong toe bahn goong shr bahn bahn tsah bay bay bee–in bay may joe bin bin ben bin bin bin ben dzuh bee dzuh bee bee jee–ow bee jee ben bee–in bee–in beeng gahn bwoh dzuh bwoh tsigh buu tswaw buu dway buu dway buu kuh tchee buu lwun … doe (how) buu shr buu shr jun duh buu tie buu she–eh buu yow buu buu buu buu doe buu how buu sheeng buu she hwahn buu yow tchee–in (question particle) love (to) short (for people)

1

Mandarin Pinyin A a ai\ ai\/ B ba ba– ba– yue\ ba\ ba bai/ bai/ zhi\/ bai\/ bai\/ huo\ gong– si– bai\/ wan\ bai\/ wan\ wan\ ban\ ban\ ban\ ban\ ge zhong– tou/ ban\ gong– shi\ ban\/ ban\/ ca– bei\/ bei\/ bian– Bei\/ mei\/ zhou– ben\/ ben\/ ben\/ ben\/ ben\/ ben\/ ben\/ zi\/ bi/ zi\/ bi\/ bi\/ jiao\ bi\/ ji\ ben\/ bian– bian– bing\/ gan– bo/ zi\/ bo– cai\ bu/ cuo\ bu/ dui\ bu/ dui\ Bu/ ke\ qi\. bu/ lun\ … dou– (hao\/) bu/ shi\ bu/ shi\ zhen– de bu/ tai\ Bu/ xie\. bu/ yao\ bu\ bu\ bu\ bu\ dou– bu\ hao\/ bu\ xing/ bu\ xi\/ huan– bu/ yao\ qian/

(particle at end of imperative sentence implying probability) (number) eight August father white paper, white (number) hundred department store (number) million (use 1 wan) (number) ten billion (use 1 wan wan) handle (to) manage (to) half half an hour of time office board eraser for blackboard north north side North America copy (of a book) volume (of books) (measure for book) foundation origin root notebook nose pen, pencil, marker comparatively notebook edge side cookie, cracker neck spinach not bad, so-so incorrect wrong You're welcome. no matter (choice between two things) be, not (to) true, is not not very, not too No thanks. want, don't no, not region (measure for movies) not both good, not do, won't; not OK like, don't free (not have cost)

Getting to the stage where over half of the people can speak Mandarin is still a key success.

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~MICHELLE ANNE TITULAR TAYOBA
bu\ yi/ yang\ C ca– can\ dang– can– jin– zhi\/ can– ting– cha/ cha– zi chang/ chang/ (chang/) chang/ fang– xing/ chang/ ku\ Chao/ xian– Chao/ xian– ren/ chao\/ fan\ chao\/ qing– cai\ che– che– che– zi che– zi chen\ shan– cheng/ cheng/ xian\ chi\/ chi– chi– fan\ chi– wan\/ fan\ chi– wu\/ fan\ chi– zao\/ fan\ chu– chai– chu– qu chuan/ chuan– chuang– hu\ chun– tian– cong/ cong/ … lai/ cong/ … qu\ cong– cong– ming cong– ming cuo\ cuo\ D da\ da\ da\ hai\/ da\ men/ da\ shi\/ guan\/ da\ tui\/ da\/ da\/ dian\ hua\ da\/ ling\/ dai\ da\/ qiu/ da\/ ren/ dai\ dai\ dao\ dao\ (place) lai/ dao\ (place) qu\ dao\ zi\/ dao– buu ee yahng different wipe (to) menu napkin restaurant tea fork long often rectangle pants, long Korea Korean people rice, fried vegetables, stir–fry cart vehicle automobile car shirt, blouse city Orange County ruler eat (to) eat food, eat a meal (to) eat dinner eat lunch eat breakfast go out of town on business (to) go out (to) ship, boat wear clothes (to) window spring season from come from go from onion, green clever intelligent incorrect wrong big large ocean, big gate, main embassy thigh hit telephone call, make a (to) necktie play ball hit (someone), spank bring (to) put on accessories (to) go to (to) come to (place) go to (place) rice plant knife

2

tsah tsahn dahng tsahn jeen jr tsahn teeng chah chah dzuh chahng chahng chahng chahng fahng sheeng chahng kuu chow shee–in chow shee–inn wren chow fahn chow tcheeng tsigh chuh chuh chuh dzuh chuh dzuh chun shahn chuung chuung shee–in chr chr chr fahn chr wahn fahn chr wuu fahn chr zow fahn chuu chigh chuu tchu chwahn chwahn chwahng huu chwun tee–in tsoong tsoong … lie tsoong … tchu tsoong tsoong meeng tsoong meeng tswaw tswaw dah dah dah high dah mun dah shr gwahn dah tway dah dah dee–in hwah dah leeng die dah tcheo dah wren die die dow dow … lie dow … tchu dow dzuh dow

Getting to the stage where over half of the people can speak Mandarin is still a key success.

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~MICHELLE ANNE TITULAR TAYOBA
dao– zi de dow dzuh duh

3

de duh De/ guo/ duh gwaw De/ guo/ ren/ duh gwaw wren deng\/ duung di\ (number) ke\ dee (number) kuh di\ di dee dee di\ fang– dee fahng di\ tu/ dee tuu dian\ che– dee–in chuh dian\ hua\ dee-in hwah dian\ nao\/ dee–in now dian\ nao\/ cheng/ shi\ she\ ji\ dee-in now chuung shr shuh shi– jee shr dian\ ying\/ dee–in eeng dian\/ dee–in dian\/ cai\ dee-in tsigh dian\/ (zhong–) dee–in joong dian\/ (zhong–) dee–in joong dian\/ ban\ dee–in bahn (number) dian\/ ban\ dee–in bahn joong (zhong–) (number) dian\/ (number) dee–in … fin fen– (number) dian\/ (number) ke\ dee–in …kuh dian\/ xin– dee–in sheen dian\/ xin– dee–in sheen ding\ shu– ji– deeng shuu jee ding\ wei\ deeng way dong\/ doong dong– doong Dong– bei\/ doong bay dong– bian– doong bee–in dong– tian– doong tee–in dong– xi doong dou\ ban\ yu/ doe bahn yuu dou\ fu\/ doe fuu dou– doe dou– doe dou– doe duan\/ dwahn duan\/ ku\ dwahn kuu dui\ dway Dui\ bu\ qi\/. dway buu tchee dui\ hua\ dway hwah dui\ le dway luh duo– dwaw duo– dwaw duo– shao dwaw shou duo– shao dwaw shou duo– shao\/ hao\ dwaw shou how duo– shao\/ qian/ dwaw shou tchee–in E E\ guo/ uh gwaw E\ guo/ ren/ uh gwaw wren er/ zi urh dzuh er\ urh er\ yue\ urh yu–eh er\/ duo– urh dwaw F

knife (possessive, used after word, omit for close relationship) (modifier, changes adjective into adverb) Germany German people wait (to) lesson number brother, younger place map vehicle, electric; trolley bus telephone computer (electric brain) computer programmer movie dot order food (to) hour o'clock half past hour half past … time (number hour:number minutes) number hour number quarter dessert snack, dim sum stapler reservation, make a (to) understand (to) east Manchuria (east north) east side winter season thing carp with hot bean sause beancurd all both entirely short (length, for things) pants, short correct!, right! Excuse me. I'm sorry. dialog correct!, right! many much how many? how much? how many? (quantity) how much money? Russia Russian people son (number) two February ear

Getting to the stage where over half of the people can speak Mandarin is still a key success.

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~MICHELLE ANNE TITULAR TAYOBA
Fa\ guo/ Fa\ guo/ ren/ fan/ chuan/ fan\ fan\ fan\ guan\/ fan\/ fan– qie/ fan– qie/ jiang\ fang/ zi fang– fa\/ fang– fa\/ fang– fa\/ fang– xiang\ fang– xing/ fei– ji– fei– ji– piao\ Fei– zhou– fen\/ hong/ se\ fen– fen– fen– (zhong–) fu/ wu\ sheng– fu\ qian/ G gang– bi\/ gao\ su\ gao– gao– gao– xing\ ge\ ge– bei ge– bo ge– ge gei\/ gen– gen– (someone) jie\ gen– wo\/ lai/ gong– gong– gong– bao\/ ji– ding– gong– cheng/ shi– gong– fu gong– gong\ qi\ che– gong– ren/ gong– si– gong– yuan/ gong– zuo\ gong– zuo\ gua– feng– Guang\/ dong– gui\ Gui\ xing\? guo/ guo/ guo/ jia– guo\ guo\ (after a verb) guo\/ zhi– H hai/ high hai/ high fah gwaw fah gwaw wren fahn chwahn fahn fahn fahn gwahn fahn fahn tchee–eh fahn tchee–eh jee–ahng fahng dzuh fahng fah fahng fah fahng fah fahng shee-ahng fahng sheeng fay jee fay jee pee–ow fay joe fin hoong suh fin fin fin joong fuu wuu shuung fuu tchee–in gahng bee gow suu gow gow gow sheeng guh guh bay guh bwoh guh guh gay gun gun … jee-eh gun waw lie goong goong goong bow jee deeng goong chuung shr goong fuu goong goong tchee chuh goong wren goong suh goong ywen goong zwaw goong zwaw gwah fuung gwahng doong gway gway sheeng gwaw gwaw gwaw jee–ah gwaw gwaw gwaw jr additionally, in addition more France French people sailboat food rice, cooked restaurant turn over (to) tomato ketchup house means method way direction square airplane airplane ticket Africa pink color part cent, penny minutes waiter pay money to (to) pen, fountain tell (to) high tall happy (to be) (measure, general) arm arm brother, older give (to) with, follow borrow from (someone) (to) follow me labor work chicken, diced with paprikas engineer time, leisure bus, public worker company park job work wind blow Canton expensive What is your name? country nation homeland pass, exceed, crossover (to) (experiential suffix to verb) fruit juice

4

Getting to the stage where over half of the people can speak Mandarin is still a key success.

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~MICHELLE ANNE TITULAR TAYOBA
hai/ hai/ mei/ (verb) ne hai/ mei/ you\/ hai/ shi hai/ yao\ hai/ you\/ hai/ zi hai\/ hai\/ bian– (hai\/) yang/ Han/ guo/ Han/ guo/ ren/ han\ Hao/ jiu\/ bu/ jian\. hao/ you/ niu/ rou\ hao\ hao\ ma\/ hao\/ hao\/ chi– hao\/ kan\ Hao\/ ma? he– he– tang– hei– hei– bai/ hei– ban\/ hen\/ hen\/ hen\/ duo– hong/ hong/ luo/ bo/ hong/ lu\ deng– hong/ se\ hou\ hou\ bian– hou\ mian\ hou\ mian\ hou\ nian/ hou\ tian– hou\ tou hu/ Hu/ bei\/ hu/ jiao– fen\/ Hu/ nan/ hu\ shi\ hu\ zhao\ hua\ hua\ hua– huang/ se\ hui/ jia– hui/ lai/ hui/ wen/ zhen– hui\ hui\ hui\ huo\ shi\ huo\/ huo\/ che– huo\/ che– zhan\ J ji\ suan\ ji– high high may … nuh high may yoe high shr high yow high yoe high dzuh high high bee–in high yahng hahn gwaw hahn gwaw wren hahn how jeo buu jee–in how yoe neo roe how how mah how how chr how kahn how mah huh huh tahng hay hay buy hay bahn hin hin hin dwaw hoong hoong lwaw bwoh hoong luu duung hoong suh hoe hoe bee–in hoe mee–in hoe mee–in hoe nee–in hoe tee–in hoe toe huu huu bay huu jee–ow fin huu nahn huu shr huu jow hwah hwah hwah hwahng suh hway jee–ah hway lie hway wun jun hway hway hway hwaw shr hwaw hwaw chuh hwaw chuh jahn jee swahn jee

5

still still not yet (verb) have, still don't or (still is) want, still have, still children ocean beach ocean Korea Korean people and Haven't seen you for a long time. (good long time no see) beef with oyster sauce day of the month number good, well, fine, OK delicious good–looking (to be) OK? drink (to) eat or drink soup black color black and white blackboard very rather, really very many red carrot traffic lights red color rear back of edge, in behind back of surface, in year, two from now day, after tomorrow back of, in lake Hupeh province (lake north) pepper Hunan province (lake south) nurse passport language (used after country name) speech flower yellow color return home (to) return, come back (to) clip, paper able to can know how (to) or fire train train station calculator (counting machine)

Getting to the stage where over half of the people can speak Mandarin is still a key success.

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~MICHELLE ANNE TITULAR TAYOBA
ji\/ Ji\/ dian\/ zhong–? ji\/ ge\ ji\/ wei\ ji– ji– dan\ jia– jia– ren/ jian\ jian\ jian\ jiang\/ (shuo–) jiang– jiang– jiao\ jiao\ shi\ jiao\/ jiao\/ jiao\/ ta\ che– jiao– shui\/ jie/ hun– jie\ gei\/ jie\ mo jie\ shao\ jie\/ jie jie– jin\ lai/ jin– nian/ jin– tian– jin– tian– jing\ zi jing\/ cha/ jiu\ jiu\ jiu\ jiu\ jiu\ jiu\ jiu\ jiu\ dao\ le jiu\/ jiu\/ yue\ ju/ se\ K ka– fei– kai– kai– kai– kai– hui\ kan\ kan\ dao\ kan\ kan\ kan\ qi\/ lai kan\ shu– ke\/ ai\ ke\/ ai\ ke\/ le\ ke\/ shi\ ke\/ yi\/ ke\/ yi\/ ke\/ yi\/ Ke\/ yi\/ ma? jee jee dee–in joong jee guh jee way jee jee dahn jee–ah jee–ah wren jee–in jee–in jee–in jee–ahng shwaw jee–ahng jee–ahng jee–ow jee–ow shr jee–ow jee–ow jee–ow tah chuh jee–ow shway jee–eh hwun jee-eh gay jee–eh mwoh jee–eh shou jee–eh jee–eh jee–eh jeen lie jeen nee–in jeen tee–in jeen tee–in jeeng dzuh jeeng chah jeo jeo jeo jeo jeo jeo jeo jeo dow luh jeo jeo yu–eh juu suh kah fay kigh kigh kigh kigh hway kahn kahn dow kahn kahn kahn tchee lie kahn shuu kuh eye kuh eye kuh luh huh shr kuh ee kuh ee kuh ee kuh ee mah how many (less than ten) What time (is it)? [How many time?] how many things? how many people? chicken egg home family meet (people) see (people) (measure for clothes) speak (future tense, used before verb) ginger called (to be) classroom feet horn bicycle glue married (to be) lend (to) mustard, ground introduce (to) sister, older street recently year, this day, this today mirror policeman definitely indeed merely only precisely old used arrive, then (number) nine September orange coffee drive (to) open (to) turn on (to) meeting, attend a (to) look (to) catch sight of (to) look at, take a appear (to) read books cute lovely cola but can may permission Is it all right?

6

Getting to the stage where over half of the people can speak Mandarin is still a key success.

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~MICHELLE ANNE TITULAR TAYOBA

7

kong– zhong– xiao\/ jie\/ koong joong shee-ow jee-eh stewardess kou\/ koe entrance kou\/ koe mouth kou\/ koe opening ku\ zi\/ kuu dzuh pants kuai\ kwie fast kuai\ kwie quick kuai\ kwie dollar, (measure for money) kuai\ kwie lump kuai\ kwie piece kuai\ ji\ shi– kwie jee shr C.P.A., certified public accountant kuai\ zi kwie dzuh chopsticks kuan– kwahn wide L lai/ lie come, come here (to) lan/ lahn blue lan/ se\ lahn suh blue color lao\/ ban\/ lou bahn boss lao\/ shi– lou shr teacher le luh (past tense, change of condition; used at end of sentence) lei\ lay tired (to be) leng\/ luung cold leng\/ qi\ luung tchee air, cold li\ lee force li\ lee power li\ lee strength li\/ lee inside li\/ bai\ (xing– qi/) lee buy week li\/ bian– lee bee–in inside edge li\/ mian\ lee mee–in inside surface li\/ tou lee toe inside li\/ wu\ lee wuu gift li\/ wu\ lee wuu present lian\/ lee–in face liang/ kuai\ lee–ahng kwie cool, comfortably liang\ lee–ahng bright, shining liang\/ lee–ahng couple, a liang\/ lee–ahng pair, a liang\/ lee–ahng two of liang\/ ge\ lee–ahng guh two of … liang\/ tian– lee–ahng tee–in (number) two (measure) lin/ leen forest ling/ leeng (number) zero ling\/ dai\ leeng die tie liu/ xia\ leo shee-ah leave (to) liu\ leo (number) six liu\ yue\ leo yu–eh June liu\/ ding– leo deeng orange liu\/ ding– zhi– leo deeng jr orange juice lu\ luu road lu\ ren/ luu wren stranger, wayfarer lu\ se\ luu suh green color lu\ shi– luu shr attorney lu\ shi– luu shr lawyer lu\ ying\/ dai\ luu eeng die videotape lu\ yin– dai\ luu een die cassette tape lu\/ xing/ luu sheeng travel (to) M ma mah (question particle; used at end of sentence) ma\/ mah horse ma\/ che– mah chuh horsecart ma\/ ling/ shu\/ mah leeng shuu potato

Getting to the stage where over half of the people can speak Mandarin is still a key success.

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~MICHELLE ANNE TITULAR TAYOBA
ma\/ ma\/ hu– hu– ma– ma mai\ mai\/ mai\/ gei\/ mai\/ gei\/ wo\/ man\ yi\ dian\/ mang/ mao/ mao/ mao/ mao/ mao/ bi\/ mao/ yi– mao\ zi\/ mei/ mei/ mao/ mei/ you\/ mei/ you\/ wen\ ti/ mei/ you\/ wen\ ti/ mei\ mei mei\/ mei\/ Mei\/ guo/ Mei\/ guo/ Mei\/ guo/ ren/ men men/ men/ mi/ lu\ mi\ shu– mi\/ mi\/ fan\ mian\ mian\ mian\ bao– mian\ fen\/ miao\/ (zhong–) ming/ ming/ nian/ ming/ pian\ ming/ tian– Ming/ tian– jian\. ming/ zi\ mo\ mo\ shui\/ Mo\ xi– ge– Mo\ xi– ge– ren/ mu\ mu\ mu\ N na\ na\ li\/ na\/ na\/ na\/ ge na\/ li\/ na\/ xie– nai\/ nan/ nan/ bian– mah mah huu huu mah mah my! my my gay my gay waw mahn ee dee–in mahng mou mou mou mou mou bee mou ee mou dzuh may may mou may yoe may yoe wun tee may yoe wun tee may may may may may gwaw may gwaw may gwaw wren mun mun mun me luu me shuu me me fahn mee–in mee–in mee–in bow mee–in fin mee–ow joong meeng meeng nee–in meeng pee–in meeng tee–in meeng tee–in jee–in meeng dzuh mwoh mwoh shway mwoh she guh mwoh she guh wren muu muu muu nah nah lee nah nah nah guh nah lee nah shee–eh nigh nahn nahn bee–in so–so mother sell (to) buy (to) bought for bought and gave to me slower, be busy (to be) dime feather fur hair, body brush for writing sweater hat, cap not, not yet eyebrow have, don't (negates completed action) problem, no question, no sister, younger beautiful each, every America United States American people (pluralizing suffix) door gate lost, become (to) secretary rice, uncooked rice, cooked noodles surface bread flour seconds bright year, next card, business day, tomorrow See you tomorrow. name, first ink stick ink Mexico Mexican people eye tree wood

8

that there what? which which one where? which (plural) milk south south side

Getting to the stage where over half of the people can speak Mandarin is still a key success.

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~MICHELLE ANNE TITULAR TAYOBA
nan/ hai/ zi Nan/ mei\/ zhou– nan/ peng/ you\/ nar\ nar\/ ne nei\ nei\ yi– ku\ nei\/ nei\/ neng/ ni\/ Ni\/ da\/ zuo\ le. ni\/ de ni\/ men/ ni\/ men/ de Ni\/ ne? ni\/ zi\ ji\/ nian/ nin/ ning/ meng/ niu/ niu/ niu/ nai\/ niu/ you/ nu\/ nu\/ er/ nu\/ hai/ (zi) nu\/ peng/ you\/ nu\/ ren/ nuan\/ huo/ O Ou– zhou– P pan/ zi peng/ you\/ pi/ pi/ bao– pi/ dai\ pi/ jia/ zi\/ pi/ xie/ pian/ yi piao\ liang piao\ liang\ pin– pan/ ping/ guo\/ ping/ guo\/ zhi– pu/ tao/ pu/ tou/ you\ Q qi/ qi\ che– qi\ shui\/ qi\/ chuang/ … qi\/ lai qi– qi– yue\ qian/ qian/ qian/ bian– qian/ mian\ qian/ nian/ nahn high dzuh nahn may joe nahn puung yoe nahr nahr nuh nay nay ee kuu nay nay nuung nee Nee dah zwaw luh nee duh nee mun nee mun duh nee nuh nee dzuh jee nee–in neen neeng muung neo neo neo nigh neo yoe nuu nuu urh nuu high dzuh nuu puung yoe nuu wren nwahn hwaw

9

boy South America boyfriend there where? How about …? (question particle; used at end of sentence) that underwear what? which be able to (to) you (singular) You dialed the wrong number. your (singular) you (plural) your (plural) How about you? yourself year you (polite) lemon cow ox milk, cow's butter female daughter girl girlfriend woman warm oh joe Europe plate friend leather purse belt, leather wallet, leather shoes, leather cheap smart pretty fish, assorted cold apple apple juice grapes grapefruit ride astride (to) vehicle soda get up from bed (verb) taking place (number) seven July money front front of edge, in front of surface, in year, two ago

pahn dzuh puung yoe pee pee bow pee die pee jee–ah dzuh pee she–eh pee–in ee pee–ow lee–ahng pee–ow lee–ahng peen pahn peeng gwaw peeng gwaw jr puu tou puu toe yoe tchee tchee chuh tchee shway tchee chwahng tchee lie tchee tchee yu–eh tchee–in tchee–in tchee–ah bee–in tchee–ah mee–in tchee–in nee–in

Getting to the stage where over half of the people can speak Mandarin is still a key success.

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~MICHELLE ANNE TITULAR TAYOBA

10

qian/ tian– tchee–in tee–in day, before yesterday qian/ tou tchee–ah toe front of, in qian– tchee–in (number) thousand qian– bi\/ tchee–in bee pencil qian– wan\ tchee–in wahn (number) ten million (use 1 wan) qian– wan\ wan\ tchee–in wahn wahn (number) hundred billion (use 1 wan wan) qian– zheng\ tchee–in juung visa qiao\/ ke\ li\ tchee–ow kuh lee chocolate qing\/ tcheeng ask (to) qing\/ tcheeng invite (to) qing\/ tcheeng please qing\/ tcheeng request (to) Qing\/ wen\ tcheeng wun May I ask? qing– cai\ tcheeng tsigh vegetable qing– chen/ tcheeng chun morning, early 3am to 6 am qiu– tian– tcheo tee–in autumn, fall season qu\ tchuu go, go there (to) qu\ nian/ tchuu nee–in year, last qu\ wan/ tchu wahn go play, go out and have fun (to) qun/ zi\/ tchwun dzuh skirt R re\ ruh hot ren/ wren man ren/ wren people ren/ wren person ren/ li\ che– wren lee chuh ricksha ren\ shi\ wren shr know someone (to) ri\ rr sun Ri\ ben\/ rr bin Japan Ri\ ben\/ ren/ rr bin wren Japanese people Ri\ wen/ rr wun Japanese language, literature S san– sahn (number) three san– jiao\/ xing/ sahn jee–ow sheeng triangle san– ke\ (zhong–) sahn kuh joong quarter hour, third san– yue\ sahn yu–eh March sha– la– shah lah salad shan– shahn mountain, hill Shan– dong– shahn doong Shantung province (mountains east) shan– shang\ shahn shahng mountain, on the Shan– xi– shahn she Shansi province (mountains west) shang\ shahng ascend (to) shang\ shahng go up (to) shang\ shahng to (go) shang\ shahng get on (to) shang\ shahng top shang\ ban– shahng bahn office, go to (to) shang\ ban– shahng bahn on duty, go (to) shang\ ban– shahng bahn work, go to (to) shang\ bian– shahng bee–in above edge shang\ ge xing– qi/ (li\/ bai\) shahng guh sheeng tchee / lee buy week, last shang\ ge yue\ shahng guh yu–eh month, last shang\ ke\ shahng kuh go to class (to) shang\ mian\ shahng mee–in above surface shang\ shang\ ge xing– qi/ (li\/ shahng shahng guh sheeng tchee / lee week, two ago bai\) buy shang\ shang\ ge yue\ shahng shahng guh yu–eh month, two ago shang\ tou shahng toe above, upper part shang\ wu\/ shahng wuu noon, before 9 am to 11 am shang– ren/ shahng wren businessman shao\/ shou few shao\/ shou little

Getting to the stage where over half of the people can speak Mandarin is still a key success.

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~MICHELLE ANNE TITULAR TAYOBA
shei/ shei/ de shen/ me shen/ me shi/ hou\ shen/ mo shen– ti\/ shen– ti\/ hao\/ sheng– sheng– sheng– ri\ kuai\ le\ sheng– ri\ sheng– zi\ shi/ shi/ er\ shi/ er\ yue\ shi/ hou shi/ wan\ shi/ wan\ wan\ shi/ yi– shi/ yi– yue\ shi/ yue\ shi/ zi\ lu\ kou\/ shi\ shi\ shi\ a! shi\ wu\ suo\/ shou\/ shou\/ biao\/ shou\/ gong– shou\/ tao\ shou\/ zhi\/ shu\ shu\ ye\ (zi) shu– shu– cai\ shu– fu/ shui\ jiao\ shui\ wu\/ jiao\ shui\/ shui\/ guo\/ shuo– shuo– shuo– si\ si\ ji\ si\ yue\ song\ su\ cai\ su\ jiao– dai\ su\ liao\ dai\ Su– lian/ Su– lian/ ren/ suan\ suo\/ suo\/ yi\/ suo\/ yi\/ T ta– ta– de ta– men/ ta– men/ de shay shay duh shuun muh shuun muh shr hoe shuun–mwoh shuun tee shuun tee how shuung shuung shuung rr kwie luh shuung ruh shuung dzuh shr shr urh shr urh yu–eh shr hoe shr wahn shr wahn wahn shr ee shr ee yu–eh shr yu–eh shr dzuh luu koe shr shr shr ah shr wuu swaw show show bee–ow show goong show tou show jr shuu shuu yeh dzuh shuu shuu tsigh shuu fuu shway jee–ow shway wuu jee–ow shway shway gwaw shwaw shwaw shwaw suh suh jee suh yu–eh soong suu tsigh suu jee–ow die suu lee–ow die suu lee–in suu lee–in wren swahn swaw swaw ee swaw ee tah tah duh tah mun tah mun duh he, him, she, her, it his, hers, its they, them their

11

who whose what? when? what? body healthy (for people) birth to, give (to) born (to be) birthday, happy birthday vocabulary (number) ten (number) twelve December time (by clock or calendar) (number) hundred thousand (use 1 wan) (number) billion (use 1 wan wan) (number) eleven November October crossroad junction be (to), am, is, are, was, were yes (in response to are you…?) yes office (for lawyer, accountant) hand watch handicraft gloves finger tree tree leaf book vegetable comfortable sleep (to) take a nap (to) water fruit say (to) speak (to) talk (to) (number) four seasons, four (of the year) April give a gift, escort (to) vegetable dish plastic bag (Taiwan) plastic bag (China) Russia Russian people garlic (measure for buildings) so therefore

Getting to the stage where over half of the people can speak Mandarin is still a key success.

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~MICHELLE ANNE TITULAR TAYOBA
ta– zi\ ji\/ tah dzuh jee himself, herself tai\ tie too tai\ bang\ le tie bahng luh great tai\ leng\/ tie luung cold, too tai\ re\ tie ruh hot, too tai\ tai tie tie wife, Mrs. tai\ wan\/ tie wahn late, too tai\ yang/ tie yahng sun tang/ tahng sugar, candy tang– chi/ tahng chr spoon tao/ zi\/ tou dzuh peach tian/ tee–in field, farmland tian/ dian\/ tee–in dee–in dessert (sweet) tian– tee–in day tian– tee–in sky tian– qi\ tee–in tchee weather tian– tian– tee–in tee–in day, every tiao/ tee–ow (measure for long, narrow objects; roads) tong/ xue/ toong shu-eh classmate tou toe (substantive suffix used with location word) tou/ toe head tou/ fa\/ toe fah hair tu\/ tuu dust tu\/ tuu earth tu\/ tuu soil tui\/ tway leg W wa\ zi\/ wah dzuh socks wai\ wigh outside wai\ bian– wigh bee–in outside edge wai\ guo/ wigh gwaw foreign country wai\ mai\ wigh my to go (food; means sell outside) wai\ mian\ wigh mee–in outside surface wai\ tou wigh toe outside wan/ wahn fun, have (to) wan/ wahn play, (to) wan\ wahn (number) ten thousand wan\ wan\ (yi\) wahn wahn (number) hundred million (use 1 wan wan) wan\/ wahn bowl wan\/ wahn late (to be) wan\/ fan\ wahn fahn dinner wan\/ shang\ wahn shahng evening 6 pm to 11 pm wang/ wahng king wang\ (ji\) wahng jee forget (to) wang\ le wahng luh forgot wang\/ wahng toward wei/ jin– way jeen scarf wei\ way hello (to answer phone) wei\ way (measure for people, polite form) wei\ shenme/ way shuun mah why (used at beginning of sentence) wen/ wun language wen/ wun literature wen/ wun writing wen\ wun ask (a question, to) wen\ wun inquire (to) wen\ ti/ wun tee problem wen\ ti/ wun tee question wo\/ waw I, me Wo\/ bu\ zhi– dao\. waw buu jr dow I don't know. wo\/ de waw duh my, mine wo\/ men/ waw mun we, us wo\/ men/ de waw mun duh ours

12

Getting to the stage where over half of the people can speak Mandarin is still a key success.

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~MICHELLE ANNE TITULAR TAYOBA
wo\/ zi\ ji\/ wu\/ wu\/ fan\ wu\/ yue\ wu– zi X xi\/ huan– xi– Xi– ban– ya/ Xi– ban– ya/ ren/ xi– bian– xi– gai\ xi– guan\/ xi– gua– xi– wang\ xi– zhuang– xia\ xia\ xia\ ban– xia\ bian– xia\ ci\ xia\ ge xing– qi/ (li\/ bai\) xia\ ge yue\ xia\ ke\ xia\ mian\ xia\ tian– xia\ tou xia\ wu\/ waw dzuh jee wuu wuu fahn wuu yu–eh wuu dzuh myself (number) five lunch May room

13

xia\ xia\ ge xing– qi/ (li\/ bai\) xia\ xia\ ge yue\ xia\ xue\/ xia\ yu\/ xian\ zai\ Xian\ zai\ shi\ shen/ma shi/ hou\? xian– xian– sheng– xian– … zai\ xiang\ pi/ ca– xiang\ … yi/ yang\ xiang\/ xiang\/ xiang\/ qi\/ lai/ le Xiang– gang\/ xiang– jiao– xiang– su– ya– xiao\/ xiao\/ chi– xiao\/ jie\/ xiao\/ jie\/ xiao\/ jie\/ xiao\/ shi/ xiao\/ tui\/ xiao– ye\ xie/ zi\/ xie\ xie xie\/ xin\ xin\ feng– xin–

she hwahn she she bahn yah she bahn yah wren she bee–in she guy she gwahn she gwah she wahng she jwahng shee–ah shee–ah shee–ah bahn shee–ah bee–in shee–ah tsu shee–ah guh sheeng tchee / lee buy shee–ah guh yu–eh shee–ah kuh shee–ah mee–in shee–ah tee–in shee–ah toe shee–ah wuu shee–ah shee–ah guh sheeng tchee / lee buy shee–ah shee–ah guh yu–eh shee–ah shu–eh shee–ah yuu shee–in zigh shee–in zigh shr shuun mah shr hoe shee–in shee–in shuung shee–in … zigh shee–ahng pee tsah shee–ahng … ee yahng shee–ahng shee–ahng shee–ahng tchee lie luh shee–ahng gahng shee–ahng jee–ow shee-ahng suu yah shee–ow shee–ow chr shee–ow jee–eh shee–ow jee–eh shee–ow jee–eh shee–ow shr shee–ow tway shee–ow yeh she–eh dzuh she she–eh she–eh sheen sheen fuung sheen

like (to) west Spain Spanish people west side knee straw watermelon hope, wish (to) suit below bottom return from work (to) below edge time, next week, next month, next dismiss the class (to) below surface summer season below, lower part afternoon 1 pm to 6 pm week, two from now month, two from now snow rain now Now what time (is it)? first Mister, sir, husband, gentleman first … and then eraser for paper as same as plan to (to) think of (to) remember now Hong Kong banana duckling, crisp pepperskin small snack (street stand) daughter, little sister girl, young lady Miss, store assistant hour of time calf snack (before bed) shoes thank you write (to) letter (as in mail) envelope heart

Getting to the stage where over half of the people can speak Mandarin is still a key success.

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~MICHELLE ANNE TITULAR TAYOBA
xin– xing/ xing/ xing\ xing\ xing\ xing– qi/ (li\/ bai\) xing– qi/ er\ (li\/ bai\ er\) xing– qi/ liu\ (li\/ bai\ liu\) xing– qi/ san– (li\/ bai\ san–) xing– qi/ si\ (li\/ bai\ si\) xing– qi/ tian (li\/ bai\ tian) xing– qi/ wu\/ (li\/ bai\ wu\/) xing– qi/ yi– (li\/ bai\ yi–) xiu– xi xue/ xue/ sheng– Y ya/ chi\/ ya/ qian– ya/ yi– Ya\/ zhou– yan/ yan/ yan/ yan/ se\ yan\ tai/ yan\/ jing\ yan\/ jing– yao\ yao\ shi\ ye\ li\/ ye\/ ye\/ yi/ gong\ yi/ gong\ yi/ ke\ (zhong–) yi/ xia\ yi/ yang\ yi/ yang\ Yi\ da\ li\ Yi\ da\ li\ ren/ yi\ dian\/ yi\ qi\/ yi\ shuang– yi\/ hou\ yi\/ jing– yi\/ qian/ yi– yi– fu/ yi– ge yi– ge yue\ yi– hui\/ er yi– sheng– yi– yuan\ yi– yue\ Yin\ du\ Yin\ du\ ren/ ying– ying– gai– Ying– guo/ Ying– guo/ ren/ sheen sheeng sheeng sheeng sheeng sheeng sheeng tchee sheeng tchee urh sheeng tchee leo sheeng tchee sahn sheeng tchee suh sheeng tchee tee–in sheeng tchee wuu sheeng tchee ee sheo she shu–eh shu–eh shuung yah chr yah tchee–in yah ee yah joe yahn yahn yahn yahn suh yahn tie yahn jeeng yahn jeeng yow yow shr yeh lee yeh yeh ee goong ee goong ee kuh joong ee shee–ah ee yahng ee yahng ee dah lee ee dah lee wren ee dee–in ee tchee ee shwahng ee hoe ee jeeng ee tchee–in ee ee fuu ee guh ee guh yu–eh ee hway urh ee shuung ee ywen ee yu–eh een duu een duu wren eeng eeng guy eeng gwaw eeng gwaw wren new OK shape called (to be) named (to be) name, last week Tuesday Saturday Wednesday Thursday Sunday Friday Monday rest (to) learn, study (to) student, pupil teeth toothpick dentist Asia salt speech word color ink stone eyeglasses eye want (to) if night 11 pm to 3 am also too altogether in all quarter hour, first moment/little while, in a alike same Italy Italian people little bit, a together pair after, aftAArwards already before (number) one clothes, dress one of (used with verb to be) one month moment/little while, in a doctor hospital January India Indian people brave should, ought to England English people

14

Getting to the stage where over half of the people can speak Mandarin is still a key success.

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~MICHELLE ANNE TITULAR TAYOBA
ying– han\ zi\ dian\/ eeng hahn dzuh dee–in Ying– wen/ eeng wun yong\ yoong you/ piao\ yoe pee–ow you/ yong\/ yoe yoong you\ yoe you\ yoe you\ yoe you\ bian– yoe bee–in you\ zhuan\/ yoe jwahn you\ … you\ yoe … yoe you\/ yoe yu/ yuu yuan/ xing/ ywen sheeng yuan/ zi\/ bi\/ ywen dzuh bee yuan\ yi\ ywen ee yue\ yu–eh yue\ yu–eh yue\ liang\ yu–eh lee–ahng Yue\ nan/ yu–eh nahn Yue\ nan/ ren/ yu–eh nahn wren Z zai\ tsai zai\ zigh zai\ zigh zai\ zigh zai\ zigh zai\ zigh zai\ (place)de (direction)bian– zigh …duh …bee–in Zai\ jian\. zigh jee–in zai\ … han\ …de zhong– jian– zigh … hahn duh joong jee–in zai\ … hou\ bian– zigh … hoe bee–in zai\ … hou\ mian\ zigh … hoe mee–in zai\ … hou\ tou zigh … hoe toe zai\ … li\/ bian– zigh … lee bee–in zai\ … li\/ mian\ zigh … lee mee–in zai\ … li\/ tou zigh … lee toe zai\ … qian/ bian– zigh … tchee–ah bee–in zai\ … qian/ mian\ zigh … tchee–ah mee–in zai\ … qian/ tou zigh … tchee–ah toe zai\ … shang\ bian– zigh … shahng bee–in zai\ … shang\ mian\ zigh … shahng mee–in zai\ … shang\ tou zigh … shahng toe zai\ … wai\ bian– zigh … wigh bee–in zai\ … wai\ mian\ zigh … wigh mee–in zai\ … wai\ tou zigh … wigh toe zai\ … xia\ bian– zigh … shee–ah bee–in zai\ … xia\ mian\ zigh … shee–ah mee–in zai\ … xia\ tou zigh … shee–ah toe zai\ … you\ bian– zigh … yoe bee–in zai\ … zuo\/ bian– zigh … zwaw bee–in zao\/ zow zao\/ chen/ zow chun zao\/ fan\ zow fahn zen\/ ma zou\/ zen mah zoe Zen\/ me yang\? zen muh yahng zhai\/ jigh zhang\ dan– jahng dahn zhang\/ jahng zhang– jahng zhang– jahng zhao\ gu\ jow guu dictionary, English–Chinese English language, literature use (to) stamp, postage swim (to) again (past) also right (in direction) right side, at the turn right both … and have (to) fish circle pen, ball–point willing to month moon moon Viet Nam Vietnamese people

15

(future again) at be at in on occupy direction from one place to another Good bye. (again see) between in, middle back of edge, in; rear back of surface, in; rear back of, in; rear inside edge inside surface inside front of edge, in front of surface, in front of, in above edge above surface above, upper part outside edge outside surface outside below edge below surface below, lower part right side, at the left side, at the good morning morning 6 am to 9 am breakfast how do you go, get there How about …?, How's everything? narrow check, bill (restaurant) grow flat (measure for flat objects) take care of (to)

Getting to the stage where over half of the people can speak Mandarin is still a key success.

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~MICHELLE ANNE TITULAR TAYOBA
zhao\/ zhao\/ zhao\/ zhe\ zhe\ ge zhe\ li\/ zhe\ xie– zhei\ zhei\ ge xing– qi/ (li\/ bai\) zhei\ ge yue\ zhen– zhen– de zhen– de Zhen– de ma? zhen– shi\ zheng\ hao\/ zheng\ zai\ zher\ zhi/ er/ zhi/ nu\/ zhi/ ye\ fu\ nu\/ zhi\/ zhi\/ shi\ zhi\/ shi\ zhi– zhi– zhi– dao\ zhi– piao\ zhong– zhong– zhong– can– Zhong– guo/ Zhong– guo/ zi\ zhong– jian– Zhong– mei\/ zhou– Zhong– shan– zhong– tou/ Zhong– wen/ zhong– wu\/ zhou– zhu\ zi\ dian\/ zi\ ji\/ zi\ xing/ che– zi\/ zi\/ zi\/ se\ zou\/ zou\/ zou\/ ba zu\/ cheng/ zu– zui\ zui\ zui\ jin\ zui\ jin\ zui\/ ba– zuo/ tian– zuo\ zuo\ zuo\ jow jow jow juh juh guh juh lee juh shee–eh jay jay guh sheeng tchee / lee buy jay guh yu–eh jun jun duh jun duh jun duh mah jun shr juung how juung zigh jurh jr urh jr nuu jr yeh fuu nuu jr jr shr jr shr jr jr jr dow jr pee–ow joong joong joong tsahn joong gwaw joong gwaw dzuh joong jee–in joong may joe joong shahn joong toe joong wun joong wuu joe juu dzuh dee–in dzuh jee dzuh sheeng chuh dzuh dzuh dzuh suh zoe zoe zoe bah zuu chuung zuu zway zway zway jeen zway jeen zway bah zwaw tee–in zwaw zwaw zwaw

16

look for (to) seek (to) visit (to) this this one here these this week, this month, this really real, is true, is Is that true? really is exactly at the right moment just in the midst of doing something (used before a verb to form a progressive) here nephew niece woman, career paper just only juice (measure for long slender objects) know that …, know a fact (to) check (money) clock middle Chinese food China, Chinese (country) Chinese character between in Central America Sun Yatsen (middle mountain) hour of time Chinese language, literature noon time 11 am to 1 pm state (political area) bless dictionary self bicycle child son purple color go (to) leave (to) let's go form (to), compose, constitute rent (to) (best) most recently lately mouth day, yesterday do (to) make (to) sit (to)

Getting to the stage where over half of the people can speak Mandarin is still a key success.

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~MICHELLE ANNE TITULAR TAYOBA
zuo\ fan\ zuo\ gong– zuo\ zuo\ ju\ zi zuo\ shi\ zuo\/ zuo\/ bian– zwaw fahn zwaw goong zwaw zwaw juu dzuh zwaw shr zwaw zwaw bee–in Relative Words Mandarin Pinyin ling/ yi– er\ liang\/ ge\ liang\/ tian– san– si\ wu\/ liu\ qi– ba– jiu\/ shi/ shi/ yi– shi/ er\ bai\/ qian– wan\ shi/ wan\ bai\/ wan\ qian– wan\ wan\ wan\ (yi\) shi/ wan\ wan\ bai\/ wan\ wan\ qian– wan\ wan\ ji\/ duo– shao\/ duo– shao\/ hao\ ji\/ wei\ ji\/ ge\ duo– shao\/ qian/ nian/ qian/ nian/ qu\ nian/ jin– nian/ ming/ nian/ hou\ nian/ yi– jiu\/ jiu\/ jiu\/ nian/ si\ ji\ chun– tian– xia\ tian– qiu– tian– dong– tian– yue\ shang\ shang\ ge yue\ shang\ ge yue\ zhei\ ge yue\

17

cook (to) work, do (to) make sentence (to) work, have a job; handle affairs (to) left (in direction) left side, at the

English Numbers zero one two two of … two (measure) three four five six seven eight nine ten eleven twelve hundred thousand ten thousand hundred thousand (use 1 wan) million (use 1 wan) ten million (use 1 wan) hundred million (use 1 wan wan) billion (use 1 wan wan) ten billion (use 1 wan wan) hundred billion (use 1 wan wan) how many (less than ten) how many? how many? (quantity) how many people? how many things? how much money? Time year year, two ago year, last year, this year, next year, two from now year 1999 seasons spring summer autumn, fall winter month month, two ago month, last month, this

Pronunciation leeng ee urh lee–ahng guh lee–ahng tee–in sahn suh wuu leo tchee bah jeo shr shr ee shr urh buy tchee–in wahn shr wahn buy wahn tchee–in wahn wahn wahn shr wahn wahn buy wahn wahn tchee–in wahn wahn jee dwaw shou dwaw shou how jee way jee guh dwaw shou tchee–in nee–in tchee–in nee–in tchuu nee–in jeen nee–in meeng nee–in hoe nee–in ee jeo jeo tchee nee–in suh jee chwun tee–in shee–ah tee–in tcheo tee–in doong tee–in yu–eh shahng shahng guh yu–eh shahng guh yu–eh jay guh yu–eh

Getting to the stage where over half of the people can speak Mandarin is still a key success.

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~MICHELLE ANNE TITULAR TAYOBA

18

month, next xia\ ge yue\ shee–ah guh yu–eh month, two from now xia\ xia\ ge yue\ shee–ah shee–ah guh yu–eh one month yi– ge yue\ ee guh yu–eh January yi– yue\ ee yu–eh February er\ yue\ urh yu–eh March san– yue\ sahn yu–eh April si\ yue\ suh yu–eh May wu\/ yue\ wuu yu–eh June liu\ yue\ leo yu–eh July qi– yue\ tchee yu–eh August ba– yue\ bah yu–eh September jiu\/ yue\ jeo yu–eh October shi/ yue\ shr yu–eh November shi/ yi– yue\ shr ee yu–eh December shi/ er\ yue\ shr urh yu–eh week li\/ bai\ (or) xing– qi/ lee buy (or) sheeng tchee week, two ago shang\ shang\ ge xing– qi/ (li\/ bai\) shahng shahng guh sheeng tchee week, last shang\ ge xing– qi/ (li\/ bai\) shahng guh sheeng tchee week, this zhei\ ge xing– qi/ (li\/ bai\) jay guh sheeng tchee week, next xia\ ge xing– qi/ (li\/ bai\) shee–ah guh sheeng tchee week, two from now xia\ xia\ ge xing– qi/ (li\/ bai\) shee–ah shee–ah guh sheeng tchee day tian– tee–in day, before yesterday qian/ tian– tchee–in tee–in day, yesterday zuo/ tian– zwaw tee–in day, this; today jin– tian– jeen tee–in day, tomorrow ming/ tian– meeng tee–in day, after tomorrow hou\ tian– hoe tee–in day of the month hao\ how day, every tian– tian– tee–in tee–in Monday xing– qi/ yi– (li\/ bai\ yi–) sheeng tchee ee Tuesday xing– qi/ er\ (li\/ bai\ er\) sheeng tchee urh Wednesday xing– qi/ san– (li\/ bai\ san–) sheeng tchee sahn Thursday xing– qi/ si\ (li\/ bai\ si\) sheeng tchee suh Friday xing– qi/ wu\/ (li\/ bai\ wu\/) sheeng tchee wuu Saturday xing– qi/ liu\ (li\/ bai\ liu\) sheeng tchee leo Sunday xing– qi/ tian (li\/ bai\ tian) sheeng tchee tee–in time of day early morning 3am to 6 am qing– chen/ tcheeng chun morning 6 am to 9 am zao\/ chen/ zow chun before noon 9 am to 11 am shang\ wu\/ shahng wuu noon time 11 am to 1 pm zhong– wu\/ joong wuu afternoon 1 pm to 6 pm xia\ wu\/ shee–ah wuu evening 6 pm to 11 pm wan\/ shang\ wahn shahng night 11 pm to 3 am ye\ li\/ yeh lee hours dian\/ (zhong–) dee–in joong o'clock dian\/ (zhong–) dee–in joong hour of time xiao\/ shi/ shee–ow shr hour of time zhong– tou/ joong toe half past … … dian\/ ban\ (zhong–) … dee–in bahn joong half an hour of time ban\ ge zhong– tou/ bahn guh joong toe quarter hour, first yi/ ke\ (zhong–) ee kuh joong quarter hour, third san– ke\ (zhong–) sahn kuh joong quarter hour, fourth si\ ke\ (zhong–) suh kuh joong minutes fen– (zhong–) fin joong seconds miao\/ (zhong–) mee–ow joong time, next xia\ ci\ shee–ah tsu What time is it? Ji\/ dian\/ zhong–? jee dee–in joong time (number hour:number minutes) (number) dian\/ (number) fen– … dee–in … fin Location north bei\/ bay

Getting to the stage where over half of the people can speak Mandarin is still a key success.

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~MICHELLE ANNE TITULAR TAYOBA
north side east east side south south side west west side direction from one place to another before after above, upper part above surface above edge below, lower part below surface below edge front of, in front of surface, in front of edge, in back of, in; rear back of surface, in; behind, rear back of edge, in; rear left side, at the between in, middle right side, at the inside inside surface inside edge outside outside surface outside edge English Greetings Hello (How are you?) Good morning. Good afternoon. Good evening. Good night. Good-bye. See you soon. See you later. See you later. See you tomorrow. I hope to meet you again. I'll miss you. Hello (on the phone) I am American. My name is ____. What is your family name? What is your surname? What is your first name? Nice meeting you. I am glad to meet you. Glad to meet you. It's been a long time since we last met. Long time no see. I am really pleased to see you. Ni/ hao\/. Zao\/shang\ hao\/. -or- Zao\/an—. Xia\wu\/ hao\/. -or- Wu\/an—. Wan\/shang\ hao\/. -or- Wan\/an—. Wan\/an—. Zai\ jian\. Hui/ tou/ jian\. Yi\huir\/ jian\. Dai—huir\/ jian\. Ming/tian— jian\. Xi—wang\ wo\/men zai\ jian\mian\. Wo\/ hui\ xiang\/nian\ ni\/de. Wei\. -or- Wei/. bei\/ bian– dong– dong– bian– nan/ nan/ bian– xi– xi– bian– zai\ (place)de (direction)bian– yi\/ qian/ yi\/ hou\ shang\ tou shang\ mian\ shang\ bian xia\ tou xia\ mian\ xia\ bian– qian/ tou qian/ mian\ qian/ bian– hou\ tou hou\ mian\ hou\ bian– zuo\/ bian– zhong– jian– you\ bian– li\/ tou li\/ mian\ li\/ bian– wai\ tou wai\ mian\ wai\ bian– Basic Conversation Mandarin Pinyin

19

bay bee–in doong doong bee–in nahn nahn bee–in she she bee–in zign …duh …bee–in ee tchee–in ee hoe shahng toe shahng mee–in shahng bee–in shee–ah toe shee–ah mee–in shee–ah bee–in tchee–in toe tchee–in mee–in tchee–in bee–in hoe toe hoe mee–in hoe bee–in zwaw bee–in joong jee–in yoe bee–in lee toe lee mee–in lee bee–in wigh toe wigh mee–in wigh bee–in

Wo\/ shi\ Mei\/guo/ ren/. Wo\/ jiao\ _____. Gui\ xing\? Ni\/ xing\ shen/me? Ni\/ jiao\ shen/me ming/zi? Hen\/ gao—xing\ ren\shi ni\/. Hen\/ gao—xing\ ren\shi ni\/. Zhen— gao—xing\ ren\shi ni\/. Hao\/jiu\/ mei/ jian\le. Hao\/jiu\/ bu/jian\. Wo\/ zhen— gao—xing jian\dao\ ni\/.

Getting to the stage where over half of the people can speak Mandarin is still a key success.

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~MICHELLE ANNE TITULAR TAYOBA
I am very pleased to have met you. I've brought you a small present. I know a little Chinese. I don't understand. Can you say that again? Say it again. Please speak more slowly. Excuse me. (I'm sorry.) I'm sorry. I'm sorry. May I ask you a question? May I ask … Please tell me … Please tell me how to get to _____ Where is _____? Would you help me? Can I help you? What's the matter? That's too bad. Can be done. Can't be done. Thank you. Thank you very much. Thank you for all you've done for me. Thank you for your kindness, I appreciate it very much. Thank you for your hospitality. You're welcome. That's all right. OK! Good! Not good! Very good! Excellent! Extremely good! Wonderful! Delicious! I like _____. I don't like _____. I like it very much. I like _____ very much. Won't do! Ridiculous! That's too bad! I'm here. Welcome. Please, come in. Please, sit down. Make yourself at home. Excuse me. (Please make way.) Look out! (Be careful!) Shopping Do you have _____? Do you have _____? I want _____. I don't want _____. This one is very nice. It's really beautiful. I'll buy this one.

20

Hen\/ gao—xing\ yu\dao\ ni\/. Wo\/ gei\/ ni\/ dai\lai/ yi/ge xiao\/ li\/wu\. Wo\/ hui\ yi\dianr\/ Zhong—wen/. Wo\/ ting— bu\ dong\/. Ni\/ neng/ zai\ shuo— yi—bian\ ma? Zai\ shuo— yi—bian\. Qing\/ shuo— man\ yi\dian\/. Dui\ bu\ qi\/. Qing\/ yuan/liang\. Bao\ qian\. Wo\/ neng/ wen\ ni\/ yi/ge wen\ti/ ma? Qing\/ wen\ … Qing\/ gao\su\ wo\/ … Qing\/ gao\su\ wo\/ _____ zen\/me zou\/. _____ zai\ na\/li\/? Ni\/ neng/ bang— wo\/ yi/xia\ ma? Xu—yao\ wo\/ bang—mang/ ma? Zen\/me hui/ shi\? Zao—le. Ke\/yi\/. -or- Xing/. Bu\ ke\/yi\/. -or- Bu\ xing/. Xie\xie\. Shi/fen— gan\/xie\. -or- Hen\/ xie\xie ni\/. Xie\xie\ ni\/ wei\ wo\/ suo\/ zuo\de yi/qie\. Xie\xie\ ni\/de hao\/yi\, wo\/ xin—ling\/le. Xie\xie\ ni\/de zhao—dai\. Bu/yao\ ke\qi\. Mei/ guan—xi. Xing/! Hao\/! Bu\ hao\/! Tai\ hao\/le! Hao\/ ji/le! Bang\ ji/le! Tai\ jing—cai\/le! Wei\dao\ hao\/ ji/le! -or- Zhen— hao\/chi—. Wo\/ xi\/huan— _____. Wo\/ bu\ xi\/huan— _____. Wo\/ hen\/ xi\/huan—. Wo\/ hen\/ xi\/huan— _____. Bu\ xing/! Jian\/zhi/ ke\/xiao\ ji/le! Zhen— zao— gao—! Wo\/ lai/le. Huan—ying/. Qing\/ jin\. Qing\/ zuo\. Bu/yao\ ke\qi\. Qing\/ rang\ yi/rang\. Xiao\/ xin—! Ni\/ you\/ _____ ma? Ni\/ you\/ mei/ you\/ _____? Wo\/ yao\ _____. Wo\/ bu/ yao\ _____. Zhe\ge hen\/ hao\/. Zhen—shi\ piao\liang\ ji/le. Wo\/ yao\ zhe\ge.

Getting to the stage where over half of the people can speak Mandarin is still a key success.

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~MICHELLE ANNE TITULAR TAYOBA
How much does it cost? It's too expensive. Can you lower the price a little bit? I can't affort it. Sorry, I don't want this. It's a deal. English Numbers zero one two three four five six seven eight nine ten eleven twelve hundred thousand ten thousand hundred thousand (use 1 wan) million (use 1 wan) ten million (use 1 wan) hundred million (use 1 wan wan) billion (use 1 wan wan) ten billion (use 1 wan wan) hundred billion (use 1 wan wan) Modifiers Duo—shao\/ qian/? Tai\ gui\le. Neng/ pian/yi yi\dianr\/ ma? Wo\/ mai\/ bu\ qi\/. Dui\ bu\ qi\/ wo\/ bu/yao\le. Cheng/ jiao—le. == English-Mandarin Dictionary == Mandarin Pinyin ling/ yi– er\ san– si\ wu\/ liu\ qi– ba– jiu\/ shi/ shi/ yi– shi/ er\ bai\/ qian– wan\ shi/ wan\ bai\/ wan\ qian– wan\ wan\ wan\ (yi\) shi/ wan\ wan\ bai\/ wan\ wan\ qian– wan\ wan\

21

Pronunciation leeng ee urh sahn suh wuu leo tchee bah jeo shr shr ee shr urh buy tchee–in wahn shr wahn buy wahn tchee–in wahn wahn wahn shr wahn wahn buy wahn wahn tchee–in wahn wahn zui\ guo\ (after a verb) zai\ jiang– ben\/ suo\/ jian\ zhang– zhi– tiao/ bu\ wei\ ge\ de ba le men de a ma tou … qi\/ lai zway gwaw tsai jee–ahng ben swaw jee–in jahng jr tee–ow buu way guh duh bah luh mun duh ah mah toe tchee lie

(best) (experiential suffix to verb) (future again) (future tense, used before verb) (measure for book) (measure for buildings) (measure for clothes) (measure for flat objects) (measure for long slender objects) (measure for long, narrow objects; roads) (measure for movies) (measure for people, polite form) (measure, general) (modifier, changes adjective into adverb) (particle at end of imperative sentence implying probability) (past tense, change of condition; used at end of sentence) (pluralizing suffix) (possessive, used after word, omit for close relationship) (question particle) (question particle; used at end of sentence) (substantive suffix used with location word) (verb) taking place A able to above edge hui\ shang\ bian–

hway shahng bee–in

Getting to the stage where over half of the people can speak Mandarin is still a key success.

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~MICHELLE ANNE TITULAR TAYOBA
above edge above surface above surface above, upper part above, upper part additionally, in addition Africa after, afterwards afternoon 1 pm to 6 pm again (past) air, cold airplane airplane ticket alike all already also also altogether America American people and appear (to) apple apple juice April arm arm arrive, then as same as ascend (to) Asia ask (a question, to) ask (to) at attorney August automobile autumn, fall season B back of edge, in back of edge, in; rear back of surface, in back of surface, in; rear back of, in back of, in; rear banana be (to), am, is, are, was, were be able to (to) be at be, not (to) beach beancurd beautiful beef with oyster sauce before behind below below edge below edge below surface zai\ … shang\ bian– shang\ mian\ zai\ … shang\ mian\ shang\ tou zai\ … shang\ tou hai/ Fei– zhou– yi\/ hou\ xia\ wu\/ you\ leng\/ qi\ fei– ji– fei– ji– piao\ yi/ yang\ dou– yi\/ jing– ye\/ you\ yi/ gong\ Mei\/ guo/ Mei\/ guo/ ren/ han\ kan\ qi\/ lai ping/ guo\/ ping/ guo\/ zhi– si\ yue\ ge– bei ge– bo jiu\ dao\ le xiang\ … yi/ yang\ shang\ Ya\/ zhou– wen\ qing\/ zai\ lu\ shi– ba– yue\ che– zi qiu– tian– hou\ bian– zai\ … hou\ bian– hou\ mian\ zai\ … hou\ mian\ hou\ tou zai\ … hou\ tou xiang– jiao– shi\ neng/ zai\ bu/ shi\ hai\/ bian– dou\ fu\/ mei\/ hao/ you/ niu/ rou\ yi\/ qian/ hou\ mian\ xia\ xia\ bian– zai\ … xia\ bian– xia\ mian\ zigh … shahng bee–in shahng mee–in zigh … shahng mee–in shahng toe zigh … shahng toe high fay joe ee hoe shee–ah wuu yoe luung tchee fay jee fay jee pee–ow ee yahng doe ee jeeng yeh yoe ee goong may gwaw may gwaw wren hahn kahn tchee lie peeng gwaw peeng gwaw jr suh yu–eh guh bay guh bwoh jeo dow luh shee–ahng … ee yahng shahng yah joe wun tcheeng zigh luu shr bah yu–eh chuh dzuh tcheo tee–in

22

hoe bee–in zigh … hoe bee–in hoe mee–in zigh … hoe mee–in hoe toe zigh … hoe toe shee–ahng jee–ow shr nuung zigh buu shr high bee–in doe fuu may how yoe neo roe ee tchee–in hoe mee–in shee–ah shee–ah bee–in zigh … shee–ah bee–in shee–ah mee–in

Getting to the stage where over half of the people can speak Mandarin is still a key success.

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~MICHELLE ANNE TITULAR TAYOBA
below surface below, lower part below, lower part belt, leather between in between in, middle bicycle bicycle big birth to, give (to) birthday birthday, happy black and white black color blackboard bless blue blue color board body book born (to be) borrow from (someone) (to) boss both both … and bottom bought and gave to me bought for bowl boy boyfriend brave bread breakfast bright bright, shining bring (to) brother, older brother, younger brush for writing bus, public businessman busy (to be) but butter buy (to) C C.P.A., certified public accountant calculator (counting machine) calf called (to be) called (to be) can can Canton car card, business carp with hot bean sause carrot cart zai\ … xia\ mian\ xia\ tou zai\ … xia\ tou pi/ dai\ zhong– jian– zai\ … han\ …de zhong– jian– jiao\/ ta\ che– zi\ xing/ che– da\ sheng– sheng– ri\ sheng– ri\ kuai\ le\ hei– bai/ hei– hei– ban\/ zhu\ lan/ lan/ se\ ban\/ shen– ti\/ shu– sheng– gen– (someone) jie\ lao\/ ban\/ dou– you\ … you\ xia\ mai\/ gei\/ wo\/ mai\/ gei\/ wan\/ nan/ hai/ zi nan/ peng/ you\/ ying– mian\ bao– zao\/ fan\ ming/ liang\ dai\ ge– ge di\ di mao/ bi\/ gong– gong\ qi\ che– shang– ren/ mang/ ke\/ shi\ niu/ you/ mai\/ kuai\ ji\ shi– ji\ suan\ ji– xiao\/ tui\/ jiao\ xing\ hui\ ke\/ yi\/ Guang\/ dong– che– zi ming/ pian\ dou\ ban\ yu/ hong/ luo/ bo/ che–

23

zigh … shee–ah mee–in shee–ah toe zigh … shee–ah toe pee die joong jee–in zigh … hahn duh joong jee–in jee–ow tah chuh dzuh sheeng chuh dah shuung shuung ruh shuung rr kwie luh hay buy hay hay bahn juu lahn lahn suh bahn shuun tee shuu shuung gun … jee-eh lou bahn doe yoe … yoe shee–ah my gay waw my gay wahn nahn high dzuh nahn puung yoe eeng mee–in bow zow fahn meeng lee–ahng die guh guh dee dee mou bee goong goong tchee chuh shahng wren mahng huh shr neo yoe my kwie jee shr jee swahn jee shee–ow tway jee–ow sheeng hway kuh ee gwahng doong chuh dzuh meeng pee–in doe bahn yuu hoong lwaw bwoh chuh

Getting to the stage where over half of the people can speak Mandarin is still a key success.

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~MICHELLE ANNE TITULAR TAYOBA
cassette tape catch sight of (to) cent, penny Central America cheap check (money) check, bill (restaurant) chicken chicken, diced with paprikas child children China, Chinese (country) Chinese character Chinese food Chinese language, literature chocolate chopsticks circle city classmate classroom clever clip, paper clock clothes, dress coffee cola cold cold, too color come from come to (place) come, come here (to) comfortable company comparatively computer (electric brain) computer programmer cook (to) cookie, cracker cool, comfortably copy (of a book) correct!, right! correct!, right! country couple, a cow crossroad junction cute D daughter daughter, little sister day day of the month day, after tomorrow day, before yesterday day, every day, this day, tomorrow day, yesterday December lu\ yin– dai\ kan\ dao\ fen– Zhong– mei\/ zhou– pian/ yi zhi– piao\ zhang\ dan– ji– gong– bao\/ ji– ding– zi\/ hai/ zi Zhong– guo/ Zhong– guo/ zi\ zhong– can– Zhong– wen/ qiao\/ ke\ li\ kuai\ zi yuan/ xing/ cheng/ tong/ xue/ jiao\ shi\ cong– ming hui/ wen/ zhen– zhong– yi– fu/ ka– fei– ke\/ le\ leng\/ tai\ leng\/ yan/ se\ cong/ … lai/ dao\ (place) lai/ lai/ shu– fu/ gong– si– bi\/ jiao\ dian\ nao\/ dian\ nao\/ cheng/ shi\ she\ ji\ shi– zuo\ fan\ bing\/ gan– liang/ kuai\ ben\/ dui\ dui\ le guo/ liang\/ niu/ shi/ zi\ lu\ kou\/ ke\/ ai\ nu\/ er/ xiao\/ jie\/ tian– hao\ hou\ tian– qian/ tian– tian– tian– jin– tian– ming/ tian– zuo/ tian– shi/ er\ yue\

24

luu een die kahn dow fin joong may joe pee–in ee jr pee–ow jahng dahn jee goong bow jee deeng dzuh high dzuh joong gwaw joong gwaw dzuh joong tsahn joong wun tchee–ow kuh lee kwie dzuh ywen sheeng chuung toong shu-eh jee–ow shr tsoong meeng hway wun jun joong ee fuu kah fay kuh luh luung tie luung yahn suh tsoong … lie dow … lie lie shuu fuu goong suh bee jee–ow dee–in now dee-in now chuung shr shuh jee shr zwaw fahn beeng gahn lee–ahng kwie bin dway dway luh gwaw lee–ahng neo shr dzuh luu koe kuh eye nuu urh shee–ow jee–eh tee–in how hoe tee–in tchee–in tee–in tee–in tee–in jeen tee–in meeng tee–in zwaw tee–in shr urh yu–eh

Getting to the stage where over half of the people can speak Mandarin is still a key success.

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~MICHELLE ANNE TITULAR TAYOBA
definitely delicious dentist department store dessert dessert (sweet) dialog dictionary dictionary, English–Chinese different dime dinner direction direction from one place to another dismiss the class (to) do (to) do, won't; not OK doctor dollar, (measure for money) door dot drink (to) drive (to) duckling, crisp pepperskin dust E each, every ear earth east east side eat (to) eat breakfast eat dinner eat food, eat a meal (to) eat lunch eat or drink soup edge egg embassy engineer England English language, literature English people entirely entrance envelope eraser for blackboard eraser for paper Europe evening 6 pm to 11 pm exactly at the right moment Excuse me. I'm sorry. expensive eye eyebrow eyeglasses eye F face lian\/ jiu\ hao\/ chi– ya/ yi– bai\/ huo\ gong– si– dian\/ xin– tian/ dian\/ dui\ hua\ zi\ dian\/ ying– han\ zi\ dian\/ bu\ yi/ yang\ mao/ wan\/ fan\ fang– xiang\ zai\ (place)de (direction)bian– xia\ ke\ zuo\ bu\ xing/ yi– sheng– kuai\ men/ dian\/ he– kai– xiang– su– ya– tu\/ mei\/ er\/ duo– tu\/ dong– dong– bian– chi– chi– zao\/ fan\ chi– wan\/ fan\ chi– fan\ chi– wu\/ fan\ he– tang– bian– ji– dan\ da\ shi\/ guan\/ gong– cheng/ shi– Ying– guo/ Ying– wen/ Ying– guo/ ren/ dou– kou\/ xin\ feng– ban\/ ca– xiang\ pi/ ca– Ou– zhou– wan\/ shang\ zheng\ hao\/ Dui\ bu\ qi\/. gui\ mu\ mei/ mao/ yan\/ jing\ yan\/ jing–

25

jeo how chr yah ee buy hwaw goong dzuh dee–in sheen tee–in dee–in dway hwah dzuh dee–in eeng hahn dzuh dee–in buu ee yahng mou wahn fahn fahng shee-ahng zigh …duh …bee–in shee–ah kuh zwaw buu sheeng ee shuung kwie mun dee–in huh kigh shee-ahng suu yah tuu may urh dwaw tuu doong doong bee–in chr chr zow fahn chr wahn fahn chr fahn chr wuu fahn huh tahng bee–in jee dahn dah shr gwahn goong chuung shr eeng gwaw eeng wun eeng gwaw wren doe koe sheen fuung bahn tsah shee–ahng pee tsah oh joe wahn shahng juung how dway buu tchee gway muu may mou yahn jeeng yahn jeeng lee–in

Getting to the stage where over half of the people can speak Mandarin is still a key success.

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~MICHELLE ANNE TITULAR TAYOBA
family fast father feather February feet female few field, farmland finger fire first first … and then fish fish, assorted cold flat flour flower follow me food force foreign country forest forget (to) forgot fork form (to), compose, constitute foundation France free (not have cost) French people Friday friend from front front of edge, in front of edge, in front of surface, in front of surface, in front of, in front of, in fruit fruit juice fun, have (to) fur G garlic gate gate, main German people Germany get on (to) get up from bed gift give a gift (to) ginger girl girl, young lady girlfriend give (to) gloves jia– ren/ kuai\ ba\ ba mao/ er\ yue\ jiao\/ nu\/ shao\/ tian/ shou\/ zhi\/ huo\/ xian– xian– … zai\ yu/ pin– pan/ zhang– mian\ fen\/ hua– gen– wo\/ lai/ fan\ li\ wai\ guo/ lin/ wang\ (ji\) wang\ le cha– zi zu\/ cheng/ ben\/ Fa\ guo/ bu/ yao\ qian/ Fa\ guo/ ren/ xing– qi/ wu\/ (li\/ bai\ wu\/) peng/ you\/ cong/ qian/ qian/ bian– zai\ … qian/ bian– qian/ mian\ zai\ … qian/ mian\ qian/ tou zai\ … qian/ tou shui\/ guo\/ guo\/ zhi– wan/ mao/ suan\ men/ da\ men/ De/ guo/ ren/ De/ guo/ shang\ qi\/ chuang/ li\/ wu\ song\ jiang– nu\/ hai/ (zi) xiao\/ jie\/ nu\/ peng/ you\/ gei\/ shou\/ tao\

26

jee–ah wren kwie bah bah mou urh yu–eh jee–ow nuu shou tee–in show jr hwaw shee–in shee–in … zigh yuu peen pahn jahng mee–in fin hwah gun waw lie fahn lee wigh gwaw leen wahng jee wahng luh chah dzuh zuu chuung bin fah gwaw buu yow tchee–in fah gwaw wren sheeng tchee wuu puung yoe tsoong tchee–in tchee–ah bee–in zigh … tchee–ah bee–in tchee–ah mee–in zigh … tchee–ah mee–in tchee–ah toe zigh … tchee–ah toe shway gwaw gwaw jr wahn mou swahn mun dah mun duh gwaw wren duh gwaw shahng tchee chwahng lee wuu soong jee–ahng nuu high dzuh shee–ow jee–eh nuu puung yoe gay show tou

Getting to the stage where over half of the people can speak Mandarin is still a key success.

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~MICHELLE ANNE TITULAR TAYOBA
glue go (to) go from go out (to) go out of town on business (to) go play, go out and have fun (to) go to (place) go to (to) go to class (to) go to work (to) go up (to) go, go there (to) Good bye. (again see) good morning good, not good, well, fine, OK good–looking (to be) grapefruit grapes great green color grow H hair hair, body half half an hour of time half past hour jiao– shui\/ zou\/ cong/ … qu\ chu– qu chu– chai– qu\ wan/ dao\ (place) qu\ dao\ shang\ ke\ shang\ ban– shang\ qu\ Zai\ jian\. zao\/ bu\ hao\/ hao\/ hao\/ kan\ pu/ tou/ you\ pu/ tao/ tai\ bang\ le lu\ se\ zhang\/ jee–ow shway zoe tsoong … tchu chuu tchu chuu chigh tchu wahn dow … tchu dow shahng kuh shahng bahn shahng tchuu zigh jee–in zow buu how how how kahn puu toe yoe puu tou tie bahng luh luu suh jahng

27

tou/ fa\/ mao/ ban\ ban\ ge zhong– tou/ dian\/ ban\ (number) dian\/ ban\ half past … (zhong–) hand shou\/ handicraft shou\/ gong– handle (to) ban\ happy (to be) gao– xing\ hat, cap mao\ zi\/ have (to) you\/ have, don't (negates completed action) mei/ you\/ have, still hai/ you\/ have, still don't hai/ mei/ you\/ Haven't seen you for a long time. (good long time no see) Hao/ jiu\/ bu/ jian\. he, him, she, her, it ta– head tou/ healthy (for people) shen– ti\/ hao\/ heart xin– hello (to answer phone) wei\ here zher\ here zhe\ li\/ high gao– himself, herself ta– zi\ ji\/ his, hers, its ta– de hit da\/ hit (someone), spank da\/ ren/ home jia– homeland guo/ jia– Hong Kong Xiang– gang\/ hope, wish (to) xi– wang\ horn jiao\/ horse ma\/ horsecart ma\/ che– hospital yi– yuan\ hot re\

toe fah mou bahn bahn guh joong toe dee–in bahn dee–in bahn joong show show goong bahn gow sheeng mou dzuh yoe may yoe high yoe high may yoe how jeo buu jee–in tah toe shuun tee how sheen way jurh juh lee gow tah dzuh jee tah duh dah dah wren jee–ah gwaw jee–ah shee–ahng gahng she wahng jee–ow mah mah chuh ee ywen ruh

Getting to the stage where over half of the people can speak Mandarin is still a key success.

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~MICHELLE ANNE TITULAR TAYOBA
hot, too hour (number) hour (number) quarter hour of time hour of time house How about you? How about …? (question particle; used at end of sentence) How about …?, How's everything? how do you go, get there how many (less than ten) how many people? how many things? how many? how many? (quantity) how much money? how much? Hunan province (lake south) Hupeh province (lake north) I I don't know. I, me if in in all incorrect incorrect indeed India Indian people ink ink stick ink stone inquire (to) inside inside inside inside edge inside edge inside surface inside surface intelligent introduce (to) invite (to) Is it all right? Is that true? Italian people Italy J Wo\/ bu\ zhi– dao\. wo\/ yao\ shi\ zai\ yi/ gong\ bu/ dui\ cuo\ jiu\ Yin\ du\ Yin\ du\ ren/ mo\ shui\/ mo\ yan\ tai/ wen\ li\/ li\/ tou zai\ … li\/ tou li\/ bian– zai\ … li\/ bian– li\/ mian\ zai\ … li\/ mian\ cong– ming jie\ shao\ qing\/ Ke\/ yi\/ ma? Zhen– de ma? Yi\ da\ li\ ren/ Yi\ da\ li\ tai\ re\ dian\/ (zhong–) (number) dian\/ (number) ke\ xiao\/ shi/ zhong– tou/ fang/ zi Ni\/ ne? ne Zen\/ me yang\? zen\/ ma zou\/ ji\/ ji\/ wei\ ji\/ ge\ duo– shao duo– shao\/ hao\ duo– shao\/ qian/ duo– shao Hu/ nan/ Hu/ bei\/ waw buu jr dow waw yow shr zigh ee goong buu dway tswaw jeo een duu een duu wren mwoh shway mwoh yahn tie wun lee lee toe zigh … lee toe lee bee–in zigh … lee bee–in lee mee–in zigh … lee mee–in tsoong meeng jee–eh shou tcheeng kuh ee mah jun duh mah ee dah lee wren ee dah lee yi– yue\ Ri\ ben\/ Ri\ wen/ Ri\ ben\/ ren/ gong– zuo\ zhi– qi– yue\ liu\ yue\ zhi\/ shi\ zheng\ zai\

28

tie ruh dee–in joong dee–in …kuh shee–ow shr joong toe fahng dzuh nee nuh nuh zen muh yahng zen mah zoe jee jee way jee guh dwaw shou dwaw shou how dwaw shou tchee–in dwaw shou huu nahn huu bay

January Japan Japanese language, literature Japanese people job juice July June just just in the midst of doing something

ee yu–eh rr bin rr wun rr bin wren goong zwaw jr tchee yu–eh leo yu–eh jr shr juung zigh

Getting to the stage where over half of the people can speak Mandarin is still a key success.

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~MICHELLE ANNE TITULAR TAYOBA
(used before a verb to form a progressive) K ketchup king knee knife knife know how (to) know someone (to) know that …, know a fact (to) Korea Korea Korean people Korean people L labor lake language language (used after country name) large late (to be) late, too lately lawyer learn, study (to) leather leave (to) leave (to) left (in direction) left side, at the left side, at the leg lemon lend (to) lesson (number) let's go letter (as in mail) like (to) like, don't literature little little bit, a long look (to) look at, take a look for (to) lost, become (to) love (to) lovely lump lunch M make (to) make sentence (to) man manage (to) Manchuria (east north) many map zuo\ zuo\ ju\ zi ren/ ban\ Dong– bei\/ duo– di\ tu/ fan– qie/ jiang\ wang/ xi– gai\ dao– dao– zi hui\ ren\ shi\ zhi– dao\ Chao/ xian– Han/ guo/ Chao/ xian– ren/ Han/ guo/ ren/ gong– hu/ wen/ hua\ da\ wan\/ tai\ wan\/ zui\ jin\ lu\ shi– xue/ pi/ liu/ xia\ zou\/ zuo\/ zai\ … zuo\/ bian– zuo\/ bian– tui\/ ning/ meng/ jie\ gei\/ di\ (number) ke\ zou\/ ba xin\ xi\/ huan– bu\ xi\/ huan– wen/ shao\/ yi\ dian\/ chang/ kan\ kan\ kan\ zhao\/ mi/ lu\ ai\ ke\/ ai\ kuai\ wu\/ fan\ fahn tchee–eh jee–ahng wahng she guy dow dow dzuh hway wren shr jr dow chow shee–in hahn gwaw chow shee–inn wren hahn gwaw wren

29

goong huu wun hwah dah wahn tie wahn zway jeen luu shr shu–eh pee leo shee-ah zoe zwaw zigh … zwaw bee–in zwaw bee–in tway neeng muung jee-eh gay dee (number) kuh zoe bah sheen she hwahn buu she hwahn wun shou ee dee–in chahng kahn kahn kahn jow me luu eye kuh eye kwie wuu fahn zwaw zwaw juu dzuh wren bahn doong bay dwaw dee tuu

Getting to the stage where over half of the people can speak Mandarin is still a key success.

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~MICHELLE ANNE TITULAR TAYOBA
March married (to be) may May May I ask? means meet (people) meeting, attend a (to) menu merely method Mexican people Mexico middle milk milk, cow's minutes mirror Miss, store assistant Mister, sir, husband, gentleman moment/little while, in a moment/little while, in a Monday money month month, last month, next month, this month, two ago month, two from now moon moon more morning 6 am to 9 am morning, early 3am to 6 am most mother mountain, hill mountain, on the mouth mouth movie much mustard, ground my, mine myself N san– yue\ jie/ hun– ke\/ yi\/ wu\/ yue\ Qing\/ wen\ fang– fa\/ jian\ kai– hui\ can\ dang– jiu\ fang– fa\/ Mo\ xi– ge– ren/ Mo\ xi– ge– zhong– nai\/ niu/ nai\/ fen– (zhong–) jing\ zi xiao\/ jie\/ xian– sheng– yi/ xia\ yi– hui\/ er xing– qi/ yi– (li\/ bai\ yi–) qian/ yue\ shang\ ge yue\ xia\ ge yue\ zhei\ ge yue\ shang\ shang\ ge yue\ xia\ xia\ ge yue\ yue\ yue\ liang\ hai/ zao\/ chen/ qing– chen/ zui\ ma– ma shan– shan– shang\ kou\/ zui\/ ba– dian\ ying\/ duo– jie\ mo wo\/ de wo\/ zi\ ji\/

30

sahn yu–eh jee–eh hwun kuh ee wuu yu–eh tcheeng wun fahng fah jee–in kigh hway tsahn dahng jeo fahng fah mwoh she guh wren mwoh she guh joong nigh neo nigh fin joong jeeng dzuh shee–ow jee–eh shee–in shuung ee shee–ah ee hway urh sheeng tchee ee tchee–in yu–eh shahng guh yu–eh shee–ah guh yu–eh jay guh yu–eh shahng shahng guh yu–eh shee–ah shee–ah guh yu–eh yu–eh yu–eh lee–ahng high zow chun tcheeng chun zway mah mah shahn shahn shahng koe zway bah dee–in eeng dwaw jee–eh mwoh waw duh waw dzuh jee meeng dzuh sheeng sheeng tsahn jeen jr jigh gwaw bwoh dzuh dah leeng die jr urh sheen jr nuu yeh lee buu lwun … doe (how) buu she–eh

name, first ming/ zi\ name, last xing\ named (to be) xing\ napkin can– jin– zhi\/ narrow zhai\/ nation guo/ neck bo/ zi\/ necktie da\/ ling\/ dai\ nephew zhi/ er/ new xin– niece zhi/ nu\/ night 11 pm to 3 am ye\ li\/ no matter (choice between two things) bu/ lun\ … dou– (hao\/) No thanks. Bu/ xie\.

Getting to the stage where over half of the people can speak Mandarin is still a key success.

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~MICHELLE ANNE TITULAR TAYOBA
no, not noodles noon time 11 am to 1 pm noon, before 9 am to 11 am north North America north side nose not, not yet not bad, so-so not both not very, not too notebook notebook November now Now what time (is it)? number nurse O o'clock occupy ocean ocean ocean, big October office office (for lawyer, accountant) office, go to (to) often OK OK? old on on duty, go (to) one month one of (used with verb to be) onion, green only only open (to) opening or or (still is) orange (color) orange (fruit) Orange County orange juice order food (to) origin ours outside outside outside outside edge outside edge outside surface outside surface ox P

31

bu\ buu mian\ mee–in zhong– wu\/ joong wuu shang\ wu\/ shahng wuu bei\/ bay Bei\/ mei\/ zhou– bay may joe bei\/ bian– bay bee–in bi/ zi\/ bee dzuh mei/ may bu/ cuo\ buu tswaw bu\ dou– buu doe bu/ tai\ buu tie ben\/ zi\/ ben dzuh bi\/ ji\ ben\/ bee jee ben shi/ yi– yue\ shr ee yu–eh xian\ zai\ shee–in zigh Xian\ zai\ shi\ shen/ma shi/ hou\? shee–in zigh shr shuun mah shr hoe hao\ ma\/ how mah hu\ shi\ huu shr dian\/ (zhong–) zai\ hai\/ (hai\/) yang/ da\ hai\/ shi/ yue\ ban\ gong– shi\ shi\ wu\ suo\/ shang\ ban– chang/ (chang/) xing/ Hao\/ ma? jiu\ zai\ shang\ ban– yi– ge yue\ yi– ge cong– jiu\ zhi\/ shi\ kai– kou\/ huo\ shi\ hai/ shi ju/ se\ liu\/ ding– cheng/ xian\ liu\/ ding– zhi– dian\/ cai\ ben\/ wo\/ men/ de wai\ wai\ tou zai\ … wai\ tou wai\ bian– zai\ … wai\ bian– wai\ mian\ zai\ … wai\ mian\ niu/ dee–in joong zigh high high yahng dah high shr yu–eh bahn goong shr shr wuu swaw shahng bahn chahng chahng sheeng how mah jeo zigh shahng bahn ee guh yu–eh ee guh tsoong jeo jr shr kigh koe hwaw shr high shr juu suh leo deeng chuung shee–in leo deeng jr dee-in tsigh bin waw mun duh wigh wigh toe zigh … wigh toe wigh bee–in zigh … wigh bee–in wigh mee–in zigh … wigh mee–in neo

Getting to the stage where over half of the people can speak Mandarin is still a key success.

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~MICHELLE ANNE TITULAR TAYOBA
pair pair, a pants pants, long pants, short paper paper, white park part pass, exceed, crossover (to) passport pay money to (to) peach pen, ball–point pen, fountain pen, pencil, marker pencil people pepper permission person piece pink color place plan to (to) plastic bag (Taiwan) plastic bag (China) plate play ball play, (to) please policeman potato power precisely present pretty problem problem, no purple color purse put on accessories (to) Q quarter hour, first quarter hour, third question question, no quick R rain rather, really read books real, is really really is rear recently recently rectangle red yi\ shuang– liang\/ ku\ zi\/ chang/ ku\ duan\/ ku\ zhi\/ bai/ zhi\/ gong– yuan/ fen– guo\ hu\ zhao\ fu\ qian/ tao/ zi\/ yuan/ zi\/ bi\/ gang– bi\/ bi\/ qian– bi\/ ren/ hu/ jiao– fen\/ ke\/ yi\/ ren/ kuai\ fen\/ hong/ se\ di\ fang– xiang\/ su\ jiao– dai\ su\ liao\ dai\ pan/ zi da\/ qiu/ wan/ qing\/ jing\/ cha/ ma\/ ling/ shu\/ li\ jiu\ li\/ wu\ piao\ liang\ wen\ ti/ mei/ you\/ wen\ ti/ zi\/ se\ pi/ bao– dai\ yi/ ke\ (zhong–) san– ke\ (zhong–) wen\ ti/ mei/ you\/ wen\ ti/ kuai\ xia\ yu\/ hen\/ kan\ shu– zhen– de zhen– zhen– shi\ hou\ jin\ lai/ zui\ jin\ chang/ fang– xing/ hong/

32

ee shwahng lee–ahng kuu dzuh chahng kuu dwahn kuu jr buy jr goong ywen fin gwaw huu jow fuu tchee–in tou dzuh ywen dzuh bee gahng bee bee tchee–in bee wren huu jee–ow fin kuh ee wren kwie fin hoong suh dee fahng shee–ahng suu jee–ow die suu lee–ow die pahn dzuh dah tcheo wahn tcheeng jeeng chah mah leeng shuu lee jeo lee wuu pee–ow lee–ahng wun tee may yoe wun tee dzuh suh pee bow die ee kuh joong sahn kuh joong wun tee may yoe wun tee kwie shee–ah yuu hin kahn shuu jun duh jun jun shr hoe jeen lie zway jeen chahng fahng sheeng hoong

Getting to the stage where over half of the people can speak Mandarin is still a key success.

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~MICHELLE ANNE TITULAR TAYOBA
red color region remember now rent (to) request (to) reservation, make a (to) rest (to) restaurant restaurant return, come back (to) return from work (to) return home (to) rice plant rice, cooked rice, cooked rice, fried rice, uncooked ricksha ride astride (to) right (in direction) right side, at the right side, at the road room root ruler Russia Russia Russian people Russian people S sailboat salad salt same Saturday say (to) scarf seasons, four (of the year) seconds secretary see (people) See you again. (again see) See you tomorrow. seek (to) self sell (to) September Shansi province (mountains west) Shantung province (mountains east) shape ship, boat shirt, blouse shoes shoes, leather short (for people) short (length, for things) should, ought to side sister, older sister, younger hong/ se\ bu\ xiang\/ qi\/ lai/ le zu– qing\/ ding\ wei\ xiu– xi can– ting– fan\ guan\/ hui/ lai/ xia\ ban– hui/ jia– dao\ zi\/ fan\ mi\/ fan\ chao\/ fan\ mi\/ ren/ li\ che– qi/ you\ you\ bian– zai\ … you\ bian– lu\ wu– zi ben\/ chi\/ E\ guo/ Su– lian/ E\ guo/ ren/ Su– lian/ ren/ fan/ chuan/ sha– la– yan/ yi/ yang\ xing– qi/ liu\ (li\/ bai\ liu\) shuo– wei/ jin– si\ ji\ miao\/ (zhong–) mi\ shu– jian\ Zai\ jian\. Ming/ tian– jian\. zhao\/ zi\ ji\/ mai\ jiu\/ yue\ Shan– xi– Shan– dong– xing/ chuan/ chen\ shan– xie/ zi\/ pi/ xie/ ai\/ duan\/ ying– gai– bian– jie\/ jie mei\ mei hoong suh buu shee–ahng tchee lie luh zuu tcheeng deeng way sheo she tsahn teeng fahn gwahn hway lie shee–ah bahn hway jee–ah dow dzuh fahn me fahn chow fahn me wren lee chuh tchee yoe yoe bee–in zigh … yoe bee–in luu wuu dzuh bin chr uh gwaw suu lee–in uh gwaw wren suu lee–in wren fahn chwahn shah lah yahn ee yahng sheeng tchee leo shwaw way jeen suh jee mee–ow joong me shuu jee–in zigh jee–in meeng tee–in jee–in jow dzuh jee my! jeo yu–eh shahn she shahn doong sheeng chwahn chun shahn she–eh dzuh pee she–eh eye dwahn eeng guy bee–in jee–eh jee–eh may may

33

Getting to the stage where over half of the people can speak Mandarin is still a key success.

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~MICHELLE ANNE TITULAR TAYOBA
sit (to) skirt sky sleep (to) slower, be small smart snack (before bed) snack (street stand) snack, dim sum snow so so–so socks soda soil son son south South America south side Spain Spanish people speak speak (to) speech speech spinach spoon spring season square stamp, postage stapler state (political area) stewardess still still not yet (verb) stranger, wayfarer straw street strength student, pupil sugar, candy suit summer season sun sun Sun Yatsen (middle mountain) Sunday surface sweater swim (to) T take a nap (to) take care of (to) talk (to) tall tea teacher teeth telephone zuo\ qun/ zi\/ tian– shui\ jiao\ man\ yi\ dian\/ xiao\/ piao\ liang xiao– ye\ xiao\/ chi– dian\/ xin– xia\ xue\/ suo\/ yi\/ ma\/ ma\/ hu– hu– wa\ zi\/ qi\ shui\/ tu\/ er/ zi zi\/ nan/ Nan/ mei\/ zhou– nan/ bian– Xi– ban– ya/ Xi– ban– ya/ ren/ jiang\/ (shuo–) shuo– hua\ yan/ bo– cai\ tang– chi/ chun– tian– fang– xing/ you/ piao\ ding\ shu– ji– zhou– kong– zhong– xiao\/ jie\/ hai/ hai/ mei/ (verb) ne lu\ ren/ xi– guan\/ jie– li\ xue/ sheng– tang/ xi– zhuang– xia\ tian– ri\ tai\ yang/ Zhong– shan– xing– qi/ tian (li\/ bai\ tian) mian\ mao/ yi– you/ yong\/ shui\ wu\/ jiao\ zhao\ gu\ shuo– gao– cha/ lao\/ shi– ya/ chi\/ dian\ hua\

34

zwaw tchwun dzuh tee–in shway jee–ow mahn ee dee–in shee–ow pee–ow lee–ahng shee–ow yeh shee–ow chr dee–in sheen shee–ah shu–eh swaw ee mah mah huu huu wah dzuh tchee shway tuu urh dzuh dzuh nahn nahn may joe nahn bee–in she bahn yah she bahn yah wren jee–ahng shwaw shwaw hwah yahn bwoh tsigh tahng chr chwun tee–in fahng sheeng yoe pee–ow deeng shuu jee joe koong joong shee-ow jee-eh high high may … nuh luu wren she gwahn jee–eh lee shu–eh shuung tahng she jwahng shee–ah tee–in rr tie yahng joong shahn sheeng tchee tee–in mee–in mou ee yoe yoong shway wuu jee–ow jow guu shwaw gow chah lou shr yah chr dee-in hwah

Getting to the stage where over half of the people can speak Mandarin is still a key success.

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~MICHELLE ANNE TITULAR TAYOBA
telephone call, make a (to) tell (to) thank you that that their there there therefore these they, them thigh thing think of (to) this this this one Thursday tie time (number hour: number minutes) time (by clock or calendar) time, leisure time, next tired (to be) to (go) to go (food; means sell outside) today together tomato too too toothpick top toward traffic lights train train station travel (to) tree tree tree leaf triangle true, is true, is not Tuesday turn on (to) turn over (to) turn right two of two of … (measure) U understand (to) underwear United States use (to) used V vegetable vegetable vegetable dish da\/ dian\ hua\ gao\ su\ xie\ xie na\ nei\ ta– men/ de nar\ na\ li\/ suo\/ yi\/ zhe\ xie– ta– men/ da\ tui\/ dong– xi xiang\/ zhei\ zhe\ zhe\ ge xing– qi/ si\ (li\/ bai\ si\) ling\/ dai\ (number) dian\/ (number) fen– shi/ hou gong– fu xia\ ci\ lei\ shang\ wai\ mai\ jin– tian– yi\ qi\/ fan– qie/ tai\ ye\/ ya/ qian– shang\ wang\/ hong/ lu\ deng– huo\/ che– huo\/ che– zhan\ lu\/ xing/ mu\ shu\ shu\ ye\ (zi) san– jiao\/ xing/ zhen– de bu/ shi\ zhen– de xing– qi/ er\ (li\/ bai\ er\) kai– fan\/ you\ zhuan\/ liang\/ liang\/ ge\ dong\/ nei\ yi– ku\ Mei\/ guo/ yong\ jiu\ qing– cai\ shu– cai\ su\ cai\

35

dah dee–in hwah gow suu she she–eh nah nay tah mun duh nahr nah lee swaw ee juh shee–eh tah mun dah tway doong shee–ahng jay juh juh guh sheeng tchee suh leeng die dee–in … fin shr hoe goong fuu shee–ah tsu lay shahng wigh my jeen tee–in ee tchee fahn tchee–eh tie yeh yah tchee–in shahng wahng hoong luu duung hwaw chuh hwaw chuh jahn luu sheeng muu shuu shuu yeh dzuh sahn jee–ow sheeng jun duh buu shr jun duh sheeng tchee urh kigh fahn yoe jwahn lee–ahng lee–ahng guh doong nay ee kuu may gwaw yoong jeo

tcheeng tsigh shuu tsigh suu tsigh

Getting to the stage where over half of the people can speak Mandarin is still a key success.

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~MICHELLE ANNE TITULAR TAYOBA
vegetables, stir–fry vehicle vehicle vehicle, electric; trolley bus very very many videotape Viet Nam Vietnamese people visa visit (to) vocabulary volume (of books) W wait (to) waiter wallet, leather want (to) want, don't want, still warm watch water watermelon way we, us wear clothes (to) weather Wednesday week week week, last week, next week, this week, two ago week, two from now west west side What is your name? What time (is it)? what? what? what? what? when? where? where? which which which (plural) which one white who whose why (used at beginning of sentence) wide wife, Mrs. willing to chao\/ qing– cai\ che– qi\ che– dian\ che– hen\/ hen\/ duo– lu\ ying\/ dai\ Yue\ nan/ Yue\ nan/ ren/ qian– zheng\ zhao\/ sheng– zi\ ben\/ deng\/ fu/ wu\ sheng– pi/ jia/ zi\/ yao\ bu/ yao\ hai/ yao\ nuan\/ huo/ shou\/ biao\/ shui\/ xi– gua– fang– fa\/ wo\/ men/ chuan– tian– qi\ xing– qi/ san– (li\/ bai\ san–) li\/ bai\ (xing– qi/) xing– qi/ (li\/ bai\) shang\ ge xing– qi/ (li\/ bai\) xia\ ge xing– qi/ (li\/ bai\) zhei\ ge xing– qi/ (li\/ bai\) shang\ shang\ ge xing– qi/ (li\/ bai\) xia\ xia\ ge xing– qi/ (li\/ bai\) xi– xi– bian– Gui\ xing\? Ji\/ dian\/ zhong–? na\/ nei\/ shen/ me shen/ mo shen/ me shi/ hou\ na\/ li\/ nar\/ na\/ nei\/ na\/ xie– na\/ ge bai/ shei/ shei/ de wei\ shenme/ kuan– tai\ tai yuan\ yi\ chow tcheeng tsigh chuh tchee chuh dee–in chuh hin hin dwaw luu eeng die yu–eh nahn yu–eh nahn wren tchee–in juung jow shuung dzuh bin

36

duung fuu wuu shuung pee jee–ah dzuh yow buu yow high yow nwahn hwaw show bee–ow shway she gwah fahng fah waw mun chwahn tee–in tchee sheeng tchee sahn lee buy sheeng tchee shahng guh sheeng tchee / lee buy shee–ah guh sheeng tchee / lee buy jay guh sheeng tchee / lee buy shahng shahng guh sheeng tchee / lee buy shee–ah shee–ah guh sheeng tchee / lee buy she she bee–in gway sheeng jee dee–in joong nah nay shuun muh shuun–mwoh shuun muh shr hoe nah lee nahr nah nay nah shee–eh nah guh buy shay shay duh way shuun mah kwahn tie tie ywen ee

Getting to the stage where over half of the people can speak Mandarin is still a key success.

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~MICHELLE ANNE TITULAR TAYOBA
wind blow window winter season wipe (to) with, follow woman woman, career wood word work work work, do (to) work, have a job; handle affairs (to) worker write (to) writing wrong wrong Y year year, last year, next year, this year, two ago year, two from now yellow color yes yes (in response to are you…?) you (plural) you (polite) you (singular) You dialed the wrong number. You're welcome. your (plural) your (singular) yourself gua– feng– chuang– hu\ dong– tian– ca– gen– nu\/ ren/ zhi/ ye\ fu\ nu\/ mu\ yan/ gong– gong– zuo\ zuo\ gong– zuo\ zuo\ shi\ gong– ren/ xie\/ wen/ bu/ dui\ cuo\ gwah fuung chwahng huu doong tee–in tsah gun nuu wren jr yeh fuu nuu muu yahn goong goong zwaw zwaw goong zwaw zwaw shr goong wren she–eh wun buu dway tswaw nian/ qu\ nian/ ming/ nian/ jin– nian/ qian/ nian/ hou\ nian/ huang/ se\ shi\ a! shi\ ni\/ men/ nin/ ni\/ Ni\/ da\/ zuo\ le. Bu/ ke\ qi\. ni\/ men/ de ni\/ de ni\/ zi\ ji\/

37

nee–in tchuu nee–in meeng nee–in jeen nee–in tchee–in nee–in hoe nee–in hwahng suh shr ah shr nee mun neen nee Nee dah zwaw luh buu kuh tchee nee mun duh nee duh nee dzuh jee

Getting to the stage where over half of the people can speak Mandarin is still a key success.

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~MICHELLE ANNE TITULAR TAYOBA

38

Getting to the stage where over half of the people can speak Mandarin is still a key success.

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~MICHELLE ANNE TITULAR TAYOBA

39

Mandarin Pronunciation Guide The word for “good” in Mandarin Chinese is spelled “hao” using the Pinyin system. To learn how to pronounce it, find “H” in to top row of this chart. Find “AO” in either the left or right column. Then locate where the column and row intersect and you will see it is pronounced “how.” A A AI AN AN G AO E EI EN EN G ER I IA IAN B C CH D dah die E · · · · · uh F · G H hah J · · · · · · · · · · jee jee·a h jee·in K kah kigh L lah lie M mah my N nah nigh O · P pie Q · · · · · · · · · · tchee tchee·a h R · · S SH T W X · · · · · · · · · · she shee·a h shee·i n Y · Z ZH A AI AN ah bah tsah chah eye buy tsigh chigh fah gah · pah sah shah tah wah sigh shy tie wigh yah zah jah zigh jigh yah zah jahn n n

guy high

ah tsah bahn chahn dahn n n ah bahn tsah chahn dahn ng g ng g g ow bow tsow chow dow · · · · · · · · · bay bun tsuh chuh · · duh · ·

fah gahn hahn n fah gahn hahn ng g g · · gow how guh huh hay hun

kahn lahn

mah nahn · pahn n

rah sah wah shahn tahn n n n rah sah shahn tahn wah ng ng g g ng rou sao shou tou w · · way wun

kahn mah pahn lahng nahng · g ng g kow kuh · kun lou luh lay · mou muh may mun now nuh nay nun · pow · ·

yah zah jahn ANG ng ng g yow zow jow yeh zuh juh · · · · ee · · zay jay zun jun AO E EI EN

ruh suh shuh tuh · · shay · ·

(long fay gay .a) un fun gun

· pay · pun

tswu chun n

wru sun shuun n

buun tsuu chuun duun fuu guun huun ung g ng g g ng g g · bee · bee·i n · tsu · · · chr · · · dee · dee·i n urh · · · · · · · · · · · · · · ·

kuun muu puun luung nuung · g ng g · · · · · lee lee·a h lee·in · me · · nee · · ·

ruu suu shuun tuun wuu ng ng g g ng · rr · · · suh · · · shr · · · tee · tee·i n · · · ·

zuu juun ENG ng g · dzu h · · · jr · · ER I IA IAN

· pee · ·

mee· pee·i tchee·i nee·in · in n n

Getting to the stage where over half of the people can speak Mandarin is still a key success.

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~MICHELLE ANNE TITULAR TAYOBA

40

IAN G IAO IE IN ING ION G IU O ON G OU U UA UAI UA N UA

· · · · · · · · · · · · · · ·

· bee· ow bee· eh bin been g · · bwo h · · buu · · · ·

· · · · · · · ·

· · · · · · · ·

· dee·o w dee·e h · deen g · deo/d ew ·

· · · · · · · · · · · · · · ·

· · · · · · · fwo h · foe

· · · · · · · ·

· · · · · · · ·

jee·a hng jee·o w jee·e h jeen jeeng jee·o hng jeo/je w · · · juu · ·

· · · · · · · ·

lee·a hng

·

nee·a · hng

·

tchee·a hng

· · · · · · · ·

· · · · · · · ·

· · · · · · · · ·

· tee· ow tee· eh · teen g · · · toon g

· · · · · · · waw · ·

shee·a hng shee·o w shee·e h

· · ·

· · · · · · · ·

· · · · · · · ·

IAN G IAO IE IN ING ION G IU O

lee·o mee· nee·o pee· tchee·o · w ow w ow w lee·e me·e nee·e pee· tchee·e · h h h eh h leen leeng · mee neen · peen tcheen n mee peen tcheen neeng · ng g g · · neo · · · · · · tcheo · · · tchu · ·

sheen een sheen een g g shee·o ng sheo · · · shu · · shwen · · · yaw

leo/le meo w · mwo h · moe muu · · · ·

a pwa w w ·

tsoo choon doon ng g g tsoe choe tsu · · chuu chwa h chwie doe duu · ·

goon hoon g g go hoe huu

koon loong g koe kuu kwah kwie low luu · ·

noong · no nuu · ·

roo soo ng ng

yoo zoo joon ONG ng ng g yoe zoe joe yuu zuu juu · · · · jwah jwie OU U UA UAI

o poe h · puu · · · · · ·

roe sow show toe

fuu guu · · · ·

ruu suu shuu tuu wuu · · · · shwa h shwie · · · · · ·

gwah hwah gwie hwie

tswa chwa dwah hn hn n · chwa ·

gwah hwah kwah jwen lwahn n n n gwah hwah · kwah ·

nwah · n · ·

tchwah rwa swa shwa twa n hn hn hn hn · · · shwa ·

ywe zwa jwah UAN n hn n · · jwah UAN

Getting to the stage where over half of the people can speak Mandarin is still a key success.

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~MICHELLE ANNE TITULAR TAYOBA

41

NG UE UI UN UO · · · · · · · · ·

hng · · · · · · · · · ·

ng ·

ng · ju·eh ·

ng · kway lu·eh · · · · · nu·eh · · · · · · · · · · · tchwun · · ·

hng · · · · · · shu·eh · shwun · yu·e h · ·

ng ·

G UE UI UN UO

tswa chwa dway y y tswu chwu dwun n n tswa chwa dwaw w w

gway hway

rwa swa shwa tway y y y rwu suu shwu twu n n n n rwa swa shwa twa w w w w

zwa jway y

gwun hwun jwin kwun lwun gwa hwa w w · kwa lwaw w

ywu zwu juwu n n n · zwa jwaw w

nwaw ·

Getting to the stage where over half of the people can speak Mandarin is still a key success.

Sign up to vote on this title
UsefulNot useful