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Encyclopedia of Aerospace Engineering Table of Contents

Volume 1
Part 1: Perspectives on Aerospace Engineering
1 Systems Engineering: Using Systems Thinking to Design Better Aerospace Systems
2 Challenges and Opportunities in the Next Two Decades of Aerospace Engineering


Part 2: Fundamentals of Fluid Flows
3 Brief History of the Evolution of Theoretical and Experimental Fluid Dynamics
4 Some Fundamental Principles and Equations

Part 3: Incompressible Flows and Aerodynamics

5 Potential Flows
6 Two-Dimensional Flow Over Airfoils
7 Incompressible Flow Over Finite Wings
8 Laminar Boundary Layers
9 Flow Instabilities and Transition
10 Turbulent Boundary Layers
11 Unsteady Aerodynamics
12 High Angle of Attack Aerodynamics
13 Missile Aerodynamics
14 Rotorcraft Aerodynamics
15 Aerodynamic Flow Control
16 Low Reynolds Number Aerodynamics of Fixed Wings
17 Flapping Wing Aerodynamics
18 Ground Effect Aerodynamics
19 Aerodynamic Benefit of Aircraft Formation Flight
20 Aircraft Wake Vortices

Part 4: Compressible Flows - Subsonic to Supersonic

21 Introduction to Compressible Flows
22 Complex Internal Compressible Flows
23 External Transonic Flows
24 Complex Shock Wave Phenomena
25 Shock Boundary Layer Interactions
26 Fundamentals of Compressible Turbulent Mixing
27 Compressibility Effects in Rotorcraft Applications
28 Unsteady Transonic Aerodynamics
29 The Role of Wind Tunnel Experiments in CFD Validation

Part 5: Hypersonics and Rarefied Gas Dynamics

30 Introduction to Hypersonic Flow
31 Fundamentals of Hypersonics Flows
32 Molecular Kinetics and Physical Gas Dynamics

Encyclopedia of Aerospace Engineering Table of Contents

33 High-Temperature Effects in Hypersonic Flight
34 Hypersonic Transition and Turbulence
35 Non-Continuum Hypersonic Flows
36 Plasma Dynamics and Flow Control Applications

Part 6: Heat Transfer and Thermophysics

37 Fundamentals of Heat Transfer and Thermal Physics
38 Engineering Analysis of Heat Transfer
39 Heat Transfer Enhancement: Phase Change, Geometry, and Jets/Sprays
40 Spacecraft Thermal Management
41 Heat Pipes and Thermosyphons

Part 7: Computational Fluid Dynamics

42 Introduction to Computational Fluid Dynamics
43 Verification and Validation of CFD Based Turbulent Flow Experiments
44 Riemann Solvers in Aerospace Engineering
45 Grid Generation Techniques
46 High Performance Computing for CFD
47 Reynolds-Averaged Navier-Stokes Methods
48 Large Eddy Simulation
49 Direct Numerical Simulation of Turbulent Fluid Flow
50 Computational Modeling of Rarefied Gas Flows
51 Computational Modeling for Multiphase Flows, Including Microgravity and Space Applications
52 Optimization Methods in Computational Fluid Dynamics
53 Adaptive Mesh and Overlapping Grid Methods
54 Solution Methods and Acceleration Techniques in Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD)
55 Computational Combustion
56 Lattice Boltzmann Method for Computational Fluid Dynamics
57 Discontinuous Galerkin Methods
58 Implicit CFD Methods and Unstructured Grids
59 Computational Magnetohydrodynamics

Part 8: Experimental Techniques for Fluid Dynamics and Thermal Science

60 Fundamentals of Wind-Tunnel Design
61 Flow Visualization by Direct Injection Technique
62 Optical Flow Visualization
63 Pressure and Velocity Measurements
64 Shear Stress Measurements
65 Thermal Anemometry: An Introduction and Special Topics
66 Laser Doppler Velocimetry
67 Particle Image Velocimetry
68 Spectroscopic and Scattering Techniques
69 Temperature and Heat Transfer Measurements
70 Measurement of Aerodynamic Forces and Moments in Wind Tunnels

Encyclopedia of Aerospace Engineering Table of Contents

Volume 2
Part 9: Basic Concepts
71 Basic Concepts: Propulsion and Power
72 Lift, Thrust and Flight
73 Thermodynamics
74 Propulsion System Cycles
75 Chemical Equilibrium, Kinetics, and Combustion
76 Multiphase Dynamics and Pollutant Formation

Part 10: Airbreathing Engines


A Brief History of Positive Displacement Aviation Engines

Gas-Turbine Engines: Turbojet, Turbofan, Turboprop, Propfan, and Ramjet Engines
Gas-Turbine Engines: Inlets
Gas-Turbine Engines: Compressors
Gas-Turbine Engines: Ducted and Unducted Fans
Gas-Turbine Engine Combustors
Gas-Turbine Engines: Turbines
Gas-Turbine Engines: Turbine Cooling
Internal Air and Lubrication Systems
Gas-Turbine Engines: Seals
Gas-Turbine Engines: Nozzles
Commercial Engine Noise
Commercial Propulsion Engines Emissions
The Scramjet Engine: Basic and Combined Cycles
Supersonic Mixing and Combustion
Emerging Air-Breathing Propulsion Technologies
Ram Accelerator

Part 11: Rocket Propulsion

94 Rocket Propulsion: Basic Concepts and Introduction
95 Historical Overview and Solid Rocket Motor Fundamentals
96 Solid Propellants
97 Solid Propulsion: Motor Interior Ballistics - Modeling and Design
98 Solid Propulsion: Ignition Transients and Combustion Instability
99 Solid Rocket Motor Failure
100 Liquid Propulsion: Historical Overview, Fundamentals, and Classifications of Liquid Rocket Engines
101 Liquid Propellants and Combustion: Fundamentals and Classifications
102 Liquid Propulsion: Thrust Chamber Design
103Liquid Propulsion: Propellant Feed System Design
104 Liquid Propulsion: Systems Engineering, Design Trades, and Testing
105 Liquid Propulsion: Engine Production and Operation

Encyclopedia of Aerospace Engineering Table of Contents

106 Hybrid Propulsion
107 Combined-Cycle Engines
108 Typical Space Applications and Power Requirements
109 Power Management and Distribution

Part 12: Alternative Propulsion

110 Nuclear Thermal Propulsion
111 Resistojets and Arcjets
112 Magnetoplasmadynamic Thrusters
113 Ion Thrusters
114 Pulsed Plasma Thrusters
115 Electrospray Propulsion
116 Micropropulsion
117 Laser Propulsion
118 Magnetic Plasma Sails
119 Radio-Frequency and Microwave Thrusters
120 Fusion Propulsion

Encyclopedia of Aerospace Engineering Table of Contents

Volume 3
Part 13: Structural Mechanics
121 Linear Elasticity
122 Variational Principles in Structural Mechanics
123 Torsion of Bars and Bending of Beams
124 Plates and Shells
125 Fatigue and Fracture Mechanics in Aerospace Structures
126 Finite Element Methods of Structural Analysis
127 Structural Stability
128 Elements of Structural Dynamics
129 Damping in Structural Dynamics
130 Dynamic Response Computations

Part 14: Aeroelasticity and Aeroservoelasticity

131 The Evolution of Analytic and Computational Methods for Fixed-Wing Flight Vehicle Aeroelasticity
132 Static and Dynamic Aeroelasticity
133 Transonic Nonlinear Aeroelasticity
134 Panel Flutter
135 Hypersonic Aeroelasticity and Aerothermoelasticity
136 Structural Technology: Aeroelasticity and Aeroservoelasticity
137 Turbomachinery Aeroelasticity
138 Aeroelastic Testing and Certification
139 Rotorcraft Aeroelasticity

Part 15: Computational Solid Mechanics and Fluid-Structure Interaction

140 Fundamentals of Discretization Methods
141 Finite Element Analysis of Composite Plates and Shells
142 Meshfree Discretization Methods for Solid Mechanics
143 Extended Finite Element Methods
144 Error Estimation and Quality Control
145 Adaptive Mesh Generation and Visualization
146 Computational Methods in Buckling and Instability
147 Thermal Analysis
148 Computational Dynamics
149 Computational Optimization
150 Computational Fracture Mechanics
151 Models for Delamination
152 Multiscale Methods
153 Fundamentals of Fluid-Structure Interaction

Part 16: Experimental Techniques for Structural Mechanics

154 Historical Perspective on Experimental Methods

Encyclopedia of Aerospace Engineering Table of Contents

155 Static Fracture Response of Materials
156 Experimental Techniques for Buckling Critical Structures
157 Dynamic (Vibration) Testing: Design Certification of Aerospace System
158 Fatigue Properties Characterization of Structural Metals, Composites and Sandwich Structures
159 Delamination Toughness Characterization of Laminated Composites
160 Testing of Joints
161 Dynamic Response of Materials
162 Techniques for Damage Tolerance and Structural Integrity of Composite Structures
163 Nondestructive Evaluation of Structures
164 Digital Image Correlation in Experimental Mechanics for Aerospace Materials and Structures

Part 17: Structural Health Monitoring (SHM)

165 Structural Health Monitoring for Aerosopace Applications
166 Guided Wave Methods for Structural Health Monitoring
167 Modal Vibration Methods in Structural Health Monitoring
168 Impedance-Based Structural Health Monitoring for
Aerospace Applications
169 Signal Processing for Structural Health Monitoring
170 Damage Prognosis for Metal and Composite Aerospace Structures
171 Design Principles for Aerospace Structures Utilizing SHM

Encyclopedia of Aerospace Engineering Table of Contents

Volume 4
Part 18: Structural Materials
172 Historical Perspective on the Evolution of Structural Materials for Air Vehicles
173 Structural Materials - Aluminum and its Alloys - Properties
174 Structural Materials - Aluminum and its Alloys - Fabrication Technologies
175 Titanium and its Alloys - Metallurgy, Heat Treatment and Alloy Characteristics
176 Titanium and its Alloys: Processing, Fabrication and Mechanical Performance
177 Fiber-Reinforced Polymer Composites Manufacturing and Certification Issues
178 Load Bearing Laminated Composite Structures
179 Fiber Reinforced Polymer Matrix Composites-Pressure Vessels for Aerospace Applications
180 Textile Composite Materials: Polymer Matrix Composites
181 Textile Composite Materials: Ceramic Matrix Composites
182 3D Translaminar and Textile Reinforcements for Composites
183 Light-Weight Sandwich Structures
184 Joining of Structures - Laser Assisted Technologies
185 Metal-to-Metal and Metal-to-Composite Bonded and Bolted Structural Joints
186 Thermal Protection Systems (TPSs)
187 Advanced Composites Made by the Layer-by-Layer (LBL) Assembly of Nanomaterials
188 Mechanical Behavior of Nanomaterials

Part 19: High Temperature Materials

189 Titanium Alloys - Processing, Properties and Applications
190 TiAl Intermetallics
191 Metal-Based Composite Materials for High-Temperature Application
192 Polycrystalline Nickel-Base Superalloys Processing Performance, and Application
193 Nickel-Base Superalloys for Blade Application: Production, Performance and Application
194 Beyond Nickel-Based Superalloys
195 Solid State Welding of Aeroengine Materials
196 Superplastic Forming and Diffusion Bonding of Titanium Alloys
197 Near Net Shape Forming of Aeroengine Components
198 Thermal Barrier Coatings
199 Lifing Approaches and Component Classification - Overview of Methods

Part 20: Active Materials

200 Active Materials in Aerospace Applications
201 Ferroelectric Materials
202 Piezoceramic Actuators and Sensors
203 Shape Memory Alloys
204 Electroactive Polymers (EAP) as Actuators for Aerospace Engineering

Part 21: Materials for Space Applications

205 Materials in Space: An Introduction and Overview

Encyclopedia of Aerospace Engineering Table of Contents

206 Polymers in Space
207 Surface Modification of Space Materials
208 Micrometeoroid and Orbital Debris Impact Damage on
Materials and Structures in Space
209 Corrosion in Space
210 Materials Spaceflight Experiments
211 Space Environment Simulation and Materials Testing

Encyclopedia of Aerospace Engineering Table of Contents

Volume 5
Part 22: Flight Mechanics
212 Introduction to Aerial Vehicle Flight Mechanics, Stability and Control
213 Takeoff and Landing of Fixed-Wing Aircraft
214 Climb and Descent of Fixed-Wing Aircraft
215 Maneuver Performance of Fixed-Wing Transport Aircraft
216 Maneuver of Fixed-Wing Combat Aircraft
217 Cruise Performance of Fixed-Wing Aircraft
218 Rotary-Wing Flight Mechanics
219 Static Longitudinal Stability
220 Static Lateral Stability
221 Longitudinal Dynamic Stability
222 Fixed-Wing Lateral and Directional Dynamic Stability
223 Rotary-Wing Static Stability
224 Rotary-Wing Dynamic Stability
225 Fixed-Wing Control and Handling Qualities
226 Rotary-Wing Control and Handling Qualities
227 Special Features of Guided Weapon Stability and Control
228 Aircraft Navigation
229 Guided Weapon and UAV Navigation and Path-Planning

Part 23: Flight Control

230 Fundamentals of Control Engineering
231 Fly-by-Wire Flight Control Systems
232 Adaptive and Robust Flight Control
233 Adaptive Control Design Technique for Nonlinear Flight Systems
234 Nonlinear Flight Control Systems
235 Reconfigurable Flight Control
236 Flight Formation Control
237 Cooperative Control for Multiple Air Vehicles
238 Integrated Health Monitoring for Multiple Air Vehicles
239 Flight Control for Rotorcraft
240 Flight Control for Guided Weapons
241 Obstacle Avoidance: Static Obstacles

Part 24: Radar

242 Antennas and Electromagnetic Wave Propagation: Radar,
Seekers and Sensors, Tracking, and Target Recognition
243 Radar Basics and Applications
244 Backscatter from Land and Sea
245 Radar Waveforms and Signal Processing
246 Synthetic Aperture Radar
247 Radar Missile Seekers

Encyclopedia of Aerospace Engineering Table of Contents

248 Automatic Target Recognition
249 Electro-optic Sensor Principles
250 Electro-optic Imaging and Tracking Systems
251 Target Tracking

Part 25: Trajectory and Orbital Mechanics

252 Orbital Mechanics Fundamentals
253 Mission Design and Trajectory Optimization
254 Interplanetary Navigation
255 Satellite Orbit Determination
256 The Earth Orbital Environment
257 Libration Point Orbits and the Three-Body Problem
258 Missions to Dynamic Environments
259 Solar Sail Dynamics and Control
260 Formation Flight
261 Global Navigation Satellite Systems

Part 26: Attitude Dynamics and Orbital Control of Spacecraft

262 Attitude Dynamics Fundamentals
263 Sensors for Attitude Determination
264 Statistical Attitude Determination
265 Active Attitude Control Mechanisms
266 High-Precision Three-Axis Pointing and Control
267 Efficient Models of Multi-body Dynamics
268 Fault Detection, Isolation, and Recovery
269 Close Proximity Rendezvous and Docking (RVD)


Encyclopedia of Aerospace Engineering Table of Contents

Volume 6
Part 27: Operational Environment
270 Aircraft Flight Regimes and Applications
271 Launch Vehicle Operational Environments
272 Re-Entry Vehicle Flight Profiles
273 Atmospheric Composition
274 Vertical Structure of the Atmosphere
275 Meteorology
276 The Earth's Magnetic Field
277 The Plasma and Radiation Environment in Earth Orbit
278 Atmospheric Interactions with Spacecraft
279 Space Debris
280 Micrometeoroids
281 Launch Environment
282 The Interplanetary and Planetary Environments
283 Aircraft Regulatory Environment
284 Spaceflight Regulatory Environment
285 Interplanetary Spaceflight Regulatory Environment-Planetary Protection

Part 28: Acoustics and Noise

286 Aerodynamic Noise
287 Propulsion System Noise - Turbomachinery
288 Propulsion System Noise: Jet
289 Airframe Noise - Landing Gear Noise
290 Airframe Noise - High Lift Device Noise
291 Propeller Noise
292 Interior Noise and Sound Transmission
293 Active Noise Control
294 Sonic Boom
295 Aircraft Noise and Community Impacts
296 Computational Aeroacoustics

Part 29: Emissions and Atmospheric Impact

297 Emissions and Other Impacts: Introduction
298 Chemistry of the Atmosphere and Impacts from Global Aviation
299 Atmospheric Modeling
300 Aviation Emissions
301 Impact of Airports on Local Air Quality
302 In Plume Physics and Chemistry
303 Contrails and Contrail Cirrus
304 Radiative Forcing and Climate Change
305 Aviation and Global Atmosphere in the 21 st Century: Possible Mitigations

Encyclopedia of Aerospace Engineering Table of Contents

Part 30: Disposal and Waste Mitigation

306 Aircraft Disposal Practice
307 Space Debris Impact Protection
308 Spacecraft End-of-Life Disposal

Part 31: Manufacturing, Lean Technologies and Operations Integration

309 Aircraft Design for Manufacture and Assembly
310 Machining Aerospace Materials
311 Composite Aerospace Manufacturing Processes
312 Automated Aerospace Manufacture and Assembly
313 Value Driven Manufacture: Digital Manufacture
314 Evolution of the Lean Enterprise System
315 Integration of Lean Enterprise System, Total Quality Management and Six Sigma
316 Lean Supply Chain Management in Aerospace
317 Lean Product Introduction
318 Air Transportation and Operations
319 A Modular, High-Fidelity Tool to Model the Utility of Fractionated Space Systems
320 System Reconfigurability
321 Aircraft Maintenance, Logistics and Reliability Engineering
322 Value Driven Design: Value Integration


Encyclopedia of Aerospace Engineering Table of Contents

Volume 7
Part 32: Vehicle Configurations and Performance 323 Applied Aerodynamics and Propulsion Foundations Fixed Wing Vehicles
324 Applied Aerodynamics and Propulsion Foundation - Rotary Wing
325 Aerodynamics, Propulsion, and Heat Transfer of Missiles
326 Flight Performance, Guidance, Navigation, and Control of Missiles
327 Fixed-Wing Aircraft Performance
328 Performance - Rotary Wing Vehicles
329 Hypersonic Missions and Vehicle Configurations
330 Civil Transport Aircraft
331 Military Airplanes
332 Business Aviation
333 Seaplanes and Amphibians
334 Rotary Wing Vehicles
335 Unmanned Aerial Vehicles (UAVs)
336 Lighter-than-Air Vehicles
337 Airplane Performance Optimization

Part 33: Air Vehicle Design

338 Conceptual Airplane Design Systems
339 Design Criteria: Resources, Constraints, and Objectives
340 The Design Process
341 Integrated Design Optimization
342 Fixed-Wing Civil Transport Aircraft Design
343 Rotary Wing Vehicle Design
344 Missile Configuration and Design

Part 34: Micro Air Vehicles

345 Overview of Micro Air Vehicle System Design and Integration Issues
346 Micro Air Vehicle-Motivated Aerodynamics
347 Materials, Structure, and Dynamics of Insect Wings as Bio-inspiration for MAVs
348 MAV-Motivated Structures and Materials
349 Basics of MAV Flight Control
350 Insect Flight Control
351 Fundamentals of Micro Air Vehicle Flight Dynamics
352 Autonomous Flight of Rotary Wing MAV Using Infrared and Ultrasonic Sensors
353Biomimetic Optic Flow Sensors and Autopilots for MAV Guidance
354 MAV Guidance Inspired by Principles of Insect Vision
355 Development of Centimeter-sized Aerial Vehicles
356 Flapping-Wing Propelled Micro Air Vehicles
357 Mechanics and Actuation for Flapping-Wing Robotic Insects

Part 35: Space Vehicles and Travel

358 Spacecraft Technologies and Environments: An Introduction

Encyclopedia of Aerospace Engineering Table of Contents


Low Cost Spacecraft

Launch Vehicle Design
Spacecraft Technologies - Satellite Reliability
Space Responsiveness
Fractionated Spacecraft: Exploring Possible Futures of Space Systems
The Effect of the Space Environment on Spacecraft Technologies
Space Environment Interactions
Space Stations
Space Shuttle System and Flight Mechanics
Living on the Moon
Human Space - Space Tourism
Space Tourism
Communication Satellites
Science Satellites: Landers and Rovers
Science Satellites: Interplanetary Spacecraft
Fundamental Physics in Space

Part 36: Survivability

375 The Survivability Balance
376 Electronic Warfare and Defensive Aids Systems Design and Development
377 Installed Antenna Performance Design and Verification
378 Electromagnetic Hazard Vulnerability Verification
379 Vulnerability Design and Verification
380 Lightning Strike Protection


Encyclopedia of Aerospace Engineering Table of Contents

Volume 8
Part 37: Project Management
381 An Introduction to Project Management
382 Human Factors: Physiological Aspects
383 Human Factors for Maintenance Engineers and Others - A Prerequisite for Success
384 Human Factors: Psychological Aspects (Passengers and Others)
385 Reliability and Maintainability
386 Project Management: Cost Analysis
387 Project Management: Cost Forecasting
388 Project Scheduling
389 Life-Cycle Engineering: Economic Theory
390 Product Lifecycle Engineering (PLE): An Application

Part 38: Avionics System Integration

391 Aerospace Avionics Systems
392 Embedded UAS Autopilot and Sensor Systems
393 Computing Hardware Selection and Integration
394 Aircraft Communications and Networking
395 Space Vehicle Communication and Networking
396 Flight Software for Space Systems
397 Modern Aircraft Flight Management Systems
398 Aircraft Pilot and Operator Interfaces
399 Space Human Factors and Operator Interfaces

Part 39: Aircraft Sub-Systems

400 Introduction and Overview
401 Vehicle Systems Management
402 Aircraft Fuel Systems
403 Hydraulic Power Generation and Distribution
404 Electrical Power Generation and Distribution
405 Gas Turbine Fuel Control Systems
406 Environmental Control Systems
407 Emergency Systems
408 Ice Detection and Protection
409 Probe and Drogue Aerial Refueling Systems

Part 40: System Integration

410 Introduction and Overview
411 Safety and Integrity in Vehicle Systems
412 Electro-Magnetic Integration
413 Modeling and Simulation
414 Human Health Issues Caused by the Aircraft Environment
415 Integration and Complexity
416 Air Traffic Management
417 Weapons Integration

Encyclopedia of Aerospace Engineering Table of Contents

Part 41: Propulsion Integration

418 Introduction to Propulsion Integration
419 Choice and Sizing of Engines for Aircraft
420 Basic Principles - Thrust, Drag and Induced Forces
421 Basic Principles - Gas Turbine Compatibility Intake Aerodynamic Aspects
422 Basic Principles - Gas Turbine Compatibility - Gas
Turbine Aspects
423 Transport Aircraft Aerodynamic Integration: Subsonic
424 Propulsion Integration: Supersonic Transport Aircraft
425 Tactical Aircraft Aerodynamic Integration
426 VSTOL Integration

Part 42: Optimization Techniques and Applications

427 Formulating Design Problems as Optimization Problems
428 Review of Optimization Techniques
429 Surrogate-Based Optimization
430 Sensitivity Analysis
431 Continuous Optimization in Aerospace Structures
432 Composite Laminate Optimization with Discrete Variables
433 Airfoil/Wing Optimization
434 Fluid Machinery Optimization
435 Trajectory Optimization

Part 43: Safety Engineering and Mission Assurance

436 Integrated Vehicle Health Management: Detection, Diagnostics, Prognostics, and Mitigation of
Adverse Events during Flight
437 Airborne Network Security and Information Assurance
438 Cognitive Engineering and Aviation Safety
439 Aircraft Safety Certification
440 Integrated Resilient Aircraft Control
441 Separation Assurance in High-Density Airspace
442 Human Spaceflight Risk Management

Volume 9
Subject Index