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LINGAYAS INTITUE OF MANAGEMENT AND TECHNOLOGY

MADALAVARIGUDAM, KRISHNA Dt.


Department of Electronics and communication Engineering
FIRST SEMESTER 2012
Course Handout
Date: 14.06.2010
Course Title

POWER SYSTEMS-II

1. Course description: This course is an advancement of power systems-I .The course covers topics including the
designing of transmission lines, their parameters, performance, factors governing them, types of insulators need to be
installed, sag calculations and underground cables
2. Scope and Objective of the course: In present world power plays vital role in the development of any country.
Transmission and Distribution of power efficiently makes industrial growth faster. The objective of this course deals
with basic theory of transmission lines modeling and their performance analysis. Also this course gives emphasis on
mechanical design of transmission lines, cables and insulators.
3. TEXT BOOKS:
T1. A Text Book on Power System Engineering by M.L.Soni, P.V.Gupta, U.S.Bhatnagar,
A.Chakrabarthy, Dhanpat Rai & Co Pvt. Ltd.
T2.Electrical power systems - by C.L.Wadhwa, New Age International (P) Limited, Publishers.
4. REFERENCE BOOKS:
R1.Power system Analysis-by John J Grainger William D Stevenson, TMC Companies, 4th edition
R2.Power System Analysis and Design by B.R.Gupta, Wheeler Publishing.
R3.Power System Analysis by Hadi Saadat TMH Edition..
R4. Modern Power System Analysis by I.J.Nagaraj and D.P.Kothari, Tata McGraw Hill, 2 nd Edition.
5. Course Plan:
Lec. No.
1-2

Learning Objectives
Fundamentals of power
systems

Topics to be covered
Single phase,3phase transmission,

References
Ch 1 of T2

3-10

Line constant calculations

Ch. 2of T1&


Ch 4, 5 of R1

11-23

Current and voltage


relations of transmission
lines

Types of conductors - calculation of resistance


for solid conductors - Calculation of
inductance 1&3 phase, single and double
circuit lines, concept of GMR & GMD,
symmetrical and asymmetrical conductor
configuration with and without transposition,
Numerical Problems. Calculation of
capacitance for 2 wire and 3 wire systems,
effect of ground on capacitance, capacitance
calculations for symmetrical and
asymmetrical single and three phase, single
and double circuit lines, Numerical Problems.
Short, medium and long line and their model
representations - Nominal-T, Nominal-Pie and
A, B, C, D Constants for symmetrical &
Asymmetrical
Networks,
Numerical
Problems.
Mathematical Solutions to estimate regulation
and efficiency of all types of lines
Numerical Problems.

Ch.4 of T2
Ch 6 of R1

Long Transmission Line-Rigorous Solution,


evaluation
of
A,B,C,D
Constants,
Interpretation of the Long Line Equations,
Incident, Reflected and Refracted Waves
-Surge Impedance and SIL of Long Lines,
Wave Length and Velocity of Propagation of
Waves - Representation of Long Lines Equivalent-T and Equivalent Pie network
models (numerical problems).
.
24-29

Power System Transients

Types of System Transients - Travelling or


Propagation of Surges - Attenuation,
Distortion,
Reflection
and Refraction
Coefficients - Termination of lines with
different types of conditions - Open Circuited
Line, Short Circuited Line, T-Junction,
Lumped Reactive Junctions (Numerical
Problems). Bewleys Lattice Diagrams (for all
the cases mentioned with numerical
examples).

30-36

Factors
governing
transmission lines
Skin and Proximity effects - Description and
effect on Resistance of Solid Conductors Ferranti effect - Charging Current - Effect on
Regulation of the Transmission Line, Shunt
Compensation.
Corona - Description of the phenomenon,
factors affecting corona, critical voltages and
power loss, Radio Interference.

Ch 6 of T2

37-41

Overhead Line Insulators

Types of Insulators, String efficiency and


Methods for improvement, Numerical
Problems - voltage distribution, calculation of
string efficiency, Capacitance grading and
Static Shielding.

Ch-8 of T2

42-48

Sag
and
Calculations

Tension Sag and Tension Calculations with equal and


unequal heights of towers, Effect of Wind and
Ice on weight of Conductor, Numerical
Problems - Stringing chart and sag template
and its applications.

Ch. 7of T2

49-55

Underground cables:
Insulated cables

Types of Cables, Construction, Types of


Insulating materials, Calculations of
Insulation resistance and stress in insulation,
Numerical Problems. Capacitance of Single
and 3-Core belted cables, Numerical
Problems.Grading of Cables - Capacitance
grading, Numerical Problems, Description of
Intersheath grading

Ch. 12 of T2

Ch. 9 of T2

6. Assignments: Comprises of Reading and/or Home assignments. Details will be announced in the class from time to
time and also will be uploaded in college website.
7.Evaluation scheme
EC
No
MID-I

MID-II

Evaluation
Component
Descriptive-1
Internal Quiz-1
Open Book Tests
(at the end of each
unit)
Online Quiz-1
Descriptive-2
Internal Quiz-2
Open Book Tests
(at the end of each
unit)
Online Quiz -2

Duration
minutes
90
30
30
20
90
30
30
20

Marks

Date

Time

10
2
2 (each)
=
4x2=8M
20

Will be Announced later

10
2
2 (each)
=
4x2=8M
20

Will be Announced later

Continuous

Venue

---

Will be Announced later

Continuous
Will be Announced later

08. Notices: Concerning the course will be displayed on Department Notice Board.
INSTRUCTOR-IN-CHARGE