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3.1 Dening the Scope of Work - Road to Success - IPLOCA WIKI Collaboration Platform

3.1DefiningtheScopeofWork
CreatedbyGuyHenley,lastmodifiedbyMustafaAbusalahonNov20,2014

Thescopeofworks
3.1.1ScopeandPhysicalConditions
alsoincludesthe
3.1.2HealthandSafety,Environment,SocioeconomicandLocalConstraints
physicalconditionsof
thesite,ofthe
environmentandofthe
socioeconomicandlocalconstraints.

3.1.1ScopeandPhysicalConditions
Definitionofthepipelineroute/rightofway(seealsosection5.1.1)
Thepipelinerouteanditsimpactontheenvironmentwillneedtobeconsidered,justifiedandapprovedby
regulators,thegeneralpublicandlandowners.
Hence,consultationisakeypartofrouteing.Keyenvironmentalandregulatorystepsareillustratedoverleaf.

Thedevelopmentofapipelineroutecommenceswiththeknownstartandendpoints,forexampleagasfieldand
aLNGterminal.Sometimestheintegrationoftheterminallocationwiththeroutewhichapipelinecantakewill
alsobeavariabletoconsider.
Oncetheendpointsaredetermined,therouteingbecomesaniterativeprocessstartingwiththeconsiderationof
awideareaofinterestandseveralpotentialcorridors.Asmajorconstraintsandcostdriversareconsideredthe
investor/ownerandtheengineeringteambegintheprocessofrefinement.Thechosencorridorwhichemergesis
progressivelynarrowedastheFELprocesscontinuesandasmoredataisavailable.AttheendofFEL3theroute
isdefinedasthefinalrightofway(ROW).
Typicallytheroutealignmentstepsare:
Multiple10kmwidecorridorsbetweenthetwoendpointsofthepipeline
10kmwidecorridorofinterest
Desktoprouteing/satelliteimagery
500mwidepreferredroutecorridor(largescalemaps)
Routeusingroutemapswithscale1:50,000
100mwidespecifiedcorridor(moredetailedmaps)
Large/scalerouteing:detailedrouteingusing1:5,000to1:10,000maps
20to40mwideconstructioncorridor(detailedrouteing/preliminarysurveys)
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3.1 Dening the Scope of Work - Road to Success - IPLOCA WIKI Collaboration Platform

Sitereconnaissancesurveyssoilsdatainitialconsultationswithstatutoryauthoritiespreliminary
alignmentsheets
8mwidepermanentcorridor(ROW)(finalsurveys)
SpecialattentionistobepaidtoROWsectionswhichmaynotbefullyavailableatthecommencementofthe
worksduetolandavailabilityorenvironmentalconstraints.Theyshouldbeclearlyidentifiedandbecomea
programmeconstraintsimilartosectionswherefloodingorsnowpreventsaccesspartoftheyear.Anticipationof
suchsituationsismoreproductivethanfacingtheproblemsoncethefullspread(s)isinprogressandsuddenly
stoppedordisrupted.
Otherlandareasbeyondthelinearconstructioncorridorofthepipelinearerequiredfor:
Accessroutestotherightofway
Designatedareasforcampsites
Wastedisposallocations
Pipestoragearea
Borrowpits
Benching(onsideslope)
Additionalworkingspaceadjacenttoroad,rail,waterandspecialcrossings(suchasarchaeologicalareas
orenvironmentalconstraints)
Temporarynurserysites/translocationareasforstoringturves,plantmaterialortemporaryremovalof
protectedspecies
Compensationoraccommodationworks(agreedaspartoftheconsent/easement)
Temporaryairstripsandhelipads
Temporaryrightofwayforlayingpipelinestowatersourcesfortheprovisionofwatertests
TheseareasshouldbeestablishedanddetailedaspartoftheFELprocess.
Descriptionofthegeologicalassumptionstogetherwithanallowanceforvariationstobepartofthe
baseline
Seismicandvolcanicconstraint
Crossingassumptions
Otherspecialphysicalconstraintsresultingfromenvironmentallysensitiveareas,archaeologicalsurveys
etc.
Specificqualityrequirementsforpipeandpipeprotectionsuchas:
Landpiperequirements(metallurgyforsteelpipesetc.)
Externalmainlinepipecoating,fieldjointcoatingandsupplementarymechanicalprotectionsystem(see
section11)
Descriptionoftheextentofearlyworkswhicharebeingcarriedoutbyotherstoprovide,forinstance,
additionalaccessestothesite,drainageworks,ROWclearance,cropremovalandoftheirexpected
completiondates
Descriptionofadditionalsiteinvestigationorproducttesting(bywhom)toconductatthecommencementof
worksandtoincludeinthebaseline
Detaileddescriptionofthestandardsofreinstatementrequired

3.1.2HealthandSafety,Environment,SocioeconomicandLocalConstraints
TheHSESrequirementsareessentialaspectsofaprojectdevelopment.Historically,whilstpipelinesprovidea
verysafeandenvironmentallyfriendlyformoftransportation,losttimeincidentsandotherissuesarestillevident
duringconstruction.HSEScoststimeandmoneytoimplementeffectivelyandmustbeplannedforindepthfrom
theoutsetofthedevelopment.Commercialpressuresmaydeveloptoscaledowncostsatalllevelsofaproject.
ClientsmustpreventanyscopeorcostreductioninthefieldofHSESanddefineclearlyfromtheonsetthe
detailedrequirementsasdescribedoverleaf.
Theenvironmentandthesocioeconomicandlocalconstraintsshouldbeclearlydefinedinthecontract
documentsandaregenerallycontainedinthesocialandenvironmentalimpactassessment.Asummaryofthe
commitmentsmadeaspartofthepipelinerouteingandFELstages1,2and3shouldbeincludedinthescopeof
worksaspartoftheconstructioncontractandidentifiedonthealignmentsheets.
DetailedHealthandSafetyrequirementsintermsoforganisation(detailedlistofqualifiedpersonnel),
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3.1 Dening the Scope of Work - Road to Success - IPLOCA WIKI Collaboration Platform

provisionoffacilities(trainingschools,hospitals,infirmariesetc.),trainingrequirementsandexpected
targetstoachieveplusallowanceforadditionalresourcestobepartoftheBaseline
Healthprovisionsincludingworkingincontaminatedland,dustinhalation,extremesoftemperatureand
workingtimerestrictions
Transmissionofpests,diseasesandalienspecies(plantmaterial),particularlywhenworkinginintensive
agriculturalregions,oranimalhusbandryareas
Detailedenvironmentalrequirements(limitationsonemissions,surfacedischarge,effluents,noise,waste
selectionandtreatmentspecialtreatmentfaunaandfloraspecialmeasuresnearlivingareasetc.)and
allowanceforpotentialadditionalrequirementstobepartofthebaseline
Precisedescriptionoftheweatherassumptionstobepartofthebaselinetogetherwiththeassumptionsfor
flooding,snowandstorms,allofwhichhaveasignificantinfluenceontheprogrammeofworksandonthe
wayresourcesaremobilised
Detailedsecuritymeasuresenvisagedinthecontextofthecountrywhereworkswillbecarriedout
Specialattentiontothesocioeconomicenvironmentincludingtheextentoftherequiredactionstobe
undertakenbyallparties(i.e.publicmeetings,brochures,mediapublications,TVprogrammesetc.)inthis
respectshouldbewelldefinedinaplanandpartofthebaselinewithwhateverallowancenecessaryto
include.Theyshouldincludeinteraliatherequirementsofthelawsofthecountry,ofanyspecial
agreementmadeatgovernmentlevelorpossiblyofthefinancialinstitutions
Whereapplicable,descriptionofthespecificlocalconstraintsnegotiatedwiththelocalgovernmentsor
administrations:theymaycoveremploymentconditionsoflabourandstaff,workinghours,restrictionson
employmentofforeignlabourandstaff,proceduresforpermitsandlicences,customproceduresand
restrictions,definitionofthelawsandregulationstoapplytotheproject,accommodationworksagreedwith
thelocallandownersorlocaladministrationorganisations
Archaeologyandprotectionofculturalsitesofsignificanceshouldbedealtwithsensitivelyandin
accordancewiththeconsentconditionsandlocallawsandcustoms
Itistheresponsibilityoftheclientanditstechnicaladvisors(engineers,landagentsandenvironmentaladvisors)
toprovidethecontractorwithaclearsummaryoftherestrictionsidentifiedalongtherouteofthepipelineandof
thecommitmentswhichhavebeenagreedduringFELphases1,2and3.

Continuewith3.2ProgrammingtheWork
Backto3.TheBaselineofaConstructionContract

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