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GRADE 10

SCIENCE
PHYSICS
by Glebert Dadol for BTG: Kto12 Summer 2016

OUTLINE
1. ELECTROMAGNETIC SPECTRUM
SOME PROPERTIES OF LIGHT/EM
RADIATION
TYPES OF EM RADIATION (THE
SPECTRUM

2. LIGHT, MIRRORS, AND LENSES


WAVE PROPERTIES OF LIGHT

TYPES OF MIRRORS AND LENSES


RAY DIAGRAMING/IMAGE
FORMATION

3. ELECTRICITY AND MAGNETISM


MOTOR
GENERATOR

WHAT MAKES US SEE?


LIGHT

Light is a form of energy that is released by the sun,


our lamps, bulbs, phone screens,TV monitors, etc.
Light is a type of electromagnetic radiation.
Electromagnetic radiation is the energy released by all
matter in the form of electromagnetic waves.
Electromagnetic waves are waves formed between
the mutual induction of electric fields and magnetic
fields.

ELECTROMAGNETIC
SPECTRUM
VISIBLE AND INVISIBLE LIGHT

ELECTROMAGNETIC RADIATION:
SOME PROPERTIES
A HUGE SPECTRUM

WAVE NATURE
PARTICLE NATURE

CAN TRAVEL IN VACUUM


WITH A MAXIMUM SPEED OF 3X108 m/s

WAVE NATURE AND PARTICLE NATURE

ELECTROMAGNETIC SPECTRUM

HOW DO WE SEE?
LIGHT FROM AN OBJECT ENTERS OUR EYES

LIGHT,
MIRRORS,
AND LENSES
OBJECTS IN SOME MIRRORS SEEM
CLOSER THAN THEY APPEAR

WAVE PROPERTIES OF LIGHT


Reflection

Refraction
Dispersion

Diffraction
Interference

REFLECTION VS REFRACTION
Reflection bouncing of light

Refraction bending of light

Law of Reflection

Snells Law

MIRRORS AND LENSES

IMAGE FORMATION: POSITIVE


MIRRORS

IMAGE FORMATION: NEGATIVE


MIRRORS

PROPERTIES OF IMAGE FORMED BY


MIRRORS
Concave
Plain

Convex

Beyond Center of
Curvature

Within Center of
Curvature and
Beyond Focal
Point

Within Focal
Point

Virtual

Real

Real

Virtual

Virtual

Upright

Inverted

Inverted

Upright

Upright

Same Size

Smaller

Larger

Larger

Smaller

IMAGE FORMATION: POSITIVE LENSES

IMAGE FORMATION: NEGATIVE LENSES


p

SEEING IMAGES

MICROSCOPES AND TELESCOPES

HOW DO POWER PLANTS WORK?


BY CONVERTING ONE FORM OF ENERGY TO ANOTHER

WATER

HEAT

COAL

STEAM

ELECTRICAL ENERGY

TURBINE

ELECTRICIT Y
AND
MAGNETISM
MR. AND MRS . ELECTRIC AND MAGNETIC
FIELD

ELECTRICITY
Electricity is the presence and motion of charged particles.
Static electricity is the build up of electric charges on an object.
Electric current is the flow of charged particles around an closed path an
electric circuit.
Current electricity - the continuous flow of electric charge.
Direct current (DC) current in which the electric charges move in one
direction.
Alternating current (AC) current in which the electric charges flow in
one direction, then in the reverse direction, over and over again.

HOW DOES ELECTRICITY GENERATE


MAGNETISM?
By electromagnetic induction the
presence of an electric field generates a
magnetic field

MAKING AN ELECTROMAGNET

HOW DOES MAGNETISM GENERATE


ELECTRICITY?
By electromagnetic induction a changing
magnetic field creates an electric field and if there is
a close circuit, current electricity is generated.

The change can be achieved by changing the


direction of the magnetic field i.e. moving the
magnet or moving the coil.

INDUCING CURRENT IN A COIL

ELECTRIC GENERATOR

WHAT IS A MOTOR THEN?


Generator mechanical
energy (moving of the
magnet or the coil) to
electrical energy.
Motor - the opposite of a
generator;
converts
electrical
energy
to
mechanical energy.

THANK YOU!

GAMES!

CALL MY nE.M.
GAME 1

CONCAVE MAN/
CONVEX
VAPORUB
GAME 2

MACHINA
GAME 3

GOOD LUCK FOR


THE EX AM!
S T U DY H A R D , B U T N O T T O O H A R D