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Chapter 9 Meshing

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# Meshing

• ### 9.4 Review

Chapter 9 Meshing

Section 9.1 Pneumatic Fingers

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# Problem Description

Plane of
symmetry.
3
3.2
(19.2)
1
Unit: mm.
4
80
5.1
5
2
1

Chapter 9 Meshing

Section 9.1 Pneumatic Fingers

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# Techniques/Concepts

• Mesh Metric: Skewness
Hex Dominant Method
Sweep Method
MultiZone Method
• Section View
Nonlinear Simulations
Line Search
• Displacement Convergence

Chapter 9 Meshing

Section 9.2 Cover of Pressure Cylinder

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# Techniques/Concepts

Patch Conforming Method
Patch Independent Method

Chapter 9 Meshing

Section 9.3 Convergence Study of 3D Solid Elements

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# Problem Description

[2] The width of the beam
is 10 mm. A uniform load
of 1 MPa applies on the
upper face of the beam.
[1] The beam is
[3] We will
record the
vertical tip
deﬂection.
10 mm
 100 mm

Chapter 9 Meshing

Section 9.3 Convergence Study of 3D Solid Elements

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# Element Shapes

[1] hexahedron.
[2] Tetrahedron.
[3] Parallel prism.
[4] Perpendicular
prism.

Chapter 9 Meshing

Section 9.3 Convergence Study of 3D Solid Elements

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# Lower-Order Elements

0.76

0.72

0.68

0.64

0.60

[4] Lower-order
hexahedron.
[2] Lower-order
perpendicular
prism.
[3] Lower-order
parallel prism.
[1] Lower-order
tetrahedron.
0
3000
6000
9000
12000
15000

### Number of Nodes

Chapter 9 Meshing

Section 9.3 Convergence Study of 3D Solid Elements

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# Higher-Order Elements

[3] Higher-order parallel prism.
0.752
0.751
0.750
[4] Higher-order hexahedron.
0.749
[2] Higher-order perpendicular prism.
0.748
0.747
[1] Higher-order tetrahedron.
0.746
0
2000
4000
6000
8000
10000
Tip Deﬂection (mm)

### Number of Nodes

Chapter 9 Meshing

Section 9.3 Convergence Study of 3D Solid Elements

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# Hexahedra

[2] Higher-order
hexahedron.
0.752
0.751
0.750
0.749
0.748
[1] Lower-order
hexahedron.
0.747
0.746
0
2000
4000
6000
8000
10000
Tip Deﬂection (mm)

### Number of Nodes

Chapter 9 Meshing

Section 9.3 Convergence Study of 3D Solid Elements

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# Tetrahedra

0.760

0.720

0.680

0.640

0.600

[2] Higher-order
tetrahedron.
[1] Lower-order
tetrahedron.
0
2000
4000
6000

8000

10000

### Number of Nodes

Chapter 9 Meshing

Section 9.3 Convergence Study of 3D Solid Elements

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# Parallel Prisms

[2] Higher-order
parallel prism.
0.76
0.74
0.72
0.70
0.68
[1] Lower-order
parallel prism.
0.66
0
2000
4000
6000
8000
10000
Tip Deﬂection (mm)

### Number of Nodes

Chapter 9 Meshing

Section 9.3 Convergence Study of 3D Solid Elements

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# Perpendicular Prisms

[2] Higher-order
perpendicular prism.
0.76
0.74
0.72
0.70
0.68
[1] Lower-order
perpendicular prism.
0.66
0
2000
4000
6000
8000
10000
Tip Deﬂection (mm)

### Number of Nodes

Chapter 9 Meshing

Section 9.3 Convergence Study of 3D Solid Elements

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